633 relations: A World Transformed, Abigail Adams, Acting President of the United States, Africa, Air Medal, Aircraft carrier, Al Gore, Al Quie, Alan Steelman, Ambassadors of the United States, American Experience, American Presidents: Life Portraits, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Amman, Aníbal Cavaco Silva, Andover, Massachusetts, Andrew Card, Andrew Johnson, Andrew Rosenthal, Angola, Ann Devroy, Ann Richards, Anti-abortion movements, Anti-aircraft warfare, Apollo 11, Arizona, Associated Press, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Attempted assassination of Ronald Reagan, Augusto Pinochet, Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 1991, Álvaro Magaña, Đỗ Mười, Babe Ruth, Bachelor of Arts, Baghdad, Bakersfield, California, Barack Obama, Barbara Bush, Barbara Franklin, Barcode reader, Barry Goldwater, Battle of the Philippine Sea, Beirut, Berlin Wall, Bernard Shaw (journalist), Bethesda, Maryland, Beverly Hills, California, Bill Clinton, Birth control, ..., Blue-collar worker, Bob Dole, Bob Martinez, Bob Mathias, Bob Schieffer, Bonin Islands, Boston Harbor, Brazil, Brent Scowcroft, Brian Mulroney, Brookfield, Wisconsin, Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., Bruce Kent, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, Bush compound, Bush family, Bush School of Government and Public Service, C-SPAN, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Camp David, Campaign manager, Canada, Cancún, Capital gains tax, Capital punishment in the United States, Carla Anderson Hills, Carlos Gutierrez, Caspar Weinberger, Central Connecticut State University, Central Intelligence Agency, Ceremonial first pitch, Charles H. Percy, Charles Woodruff Yost, Charlie Rose (TV series), Charlotte Thompson Reid, Chestertown, Maryland, Chicago, Chichijima, Chichijima incident, China, China–United States relations, Christina Baker Kline, Church Committee, Civil and political rights, Civil Rights Act of 1866, Civil Rights Act of 1968, Civil Rights Act of 1990, Civil Rights Act of 1991, Civil rights movement, Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987, Clarence Thomas, Classes of United States Senators, Clayton Yeutter, Clean Air Act (United States), CNN, Cold War, Colin Crowe, College of William & Mary, College Station, Texas, College World Series, Columbus, Ohio, Commission on Presidential Debates, Compton, California, Condoleezza Rice, Conscription, Conservatism in the United States, Contras, Coretta Scott King, Council on Foreign Relations, Coup d'état, Cruise missile, Cruiser, Cyrus A. Ansary, Dallas, Dan Quayle, Dan Rather, Daniel Ortega, Dartmouth College, David K. E. Bruce, David Souter, David Stockman, Death and state funeral of Gerald Ford, Death and state funeral of Ronald Reagan, Death squad, Delaware, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Democratic Party (United States), Deregulation, Dick Cheney, Dick Thornburgh, Director of Central Intelligence, Distinguished Flying Cross (United States), Doctor of humane letters, Doctor of Law, Donald M. Fraser, Donald Rumsfeld, Donald Trump, Dorothy Bush Koch, Dresser Industries, E. Henry Knoche, Early 1990s recession, Ed Derwinski, Edmund Muskie, Edward Rell Madigan, Eisenhower Fellowships, El Salvador, Electoral College (United States), Electoral history of George H. W. Bush, Elizabeth Dole, Elizabeth II, Elliott Abrams, Empire of Japan, Ensign (rank), Episcopal Church (United States), Evangelicalism, Everett Dirksen, Face the Nation, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Fairfield, Connecticut, Faithless elector, Fast Carrier Task Force, Fidel Castro, First baseman, First International Bank, Foreign policy, Foreign trade of the United States, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Fort Worth, Texas, François Mitterrand, Fredericksburg, Texas, Funeral of Pope John Paul II, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Geneva, George Bush Intercontinental Airport, George Bush Presidential Library, George H. W. Bush judicial appointment controversies, George H. W. Bush presidential campaign, 1988, George Murphy, George P. Shultz, George Voinovich, George W. Bush, Gerald Ford, Geraldine Ferraro, God, Google Books, Government spending, Governor of California, Governor of Massachusetts, Governor of Texas, Graves' disease, Greenwich Country Day School, Greenwich, Connecticut, Grenada, Groping, Group of Eight, Grumman TBF Avenger, Guillermo Endara, Gulf Coast of the United States, Gulf War, Haiti, Hands on Network, Hanover, New Hampshire, Harold Stassen, Harris County, Texas, Harvard University, Hawaii, Heather Lind, Henry M. Jackson, Herbert Hoover, Higher Education Act of 1965, Hillary Clinton, HOK (firm), Homeland security, Homelessness, Honorary degree, Houston, Houston Astros, Houston Chronicle, Houston Methodist Hospital, Howard Baker, Howard University, HRG Group, Hu Jintao, Hugh Scott, Hurricane Harvey, Hurricane Irma, Hurricane Katrina, Hussein of Jordan, IMDb, Immigration Act of 1990, Immigration to the United States, Inauguration of Donald Trump, Inauguration of George H. W. Bush, Income tax, Indiana, Indianapolis, Indictment and arrest of Augusto Pinochet, Intercontinental ballistic missile, Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, International Space Station, Internment of Japanese Americans, Iowa caucuses, Iran Air Flight 655, Iran–Contra affair, Iraqi Intelligence Service, Ivy League, Jack Kemp, Jack Schlossberg, James Baker, James D. Watkins, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, Jeb Bush, Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Business, Jesus, Jimmy Carter, John A. Scali, John Adams, John B. Anderson, John Birch Society, John Connally, John Dowdy, John F. Kennedy, John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, John H. Sununu, John Hinckley Jr., John Major, John McCain, John Nance Garner, John Quincy Adams, John Tower, John W. McCormack, Jon Meacham, Kansas, Keith Olbermann, Kennebunkport, Maine, Kiichi Miyazawa, Kitty Dukakis, Knight, Konstantin Chernenko, Kuwait, Kuwait City, Lamar Alexander, Lame duck (politics), Large intestine, Laura Bush, Lauren Bush, Lauro Cavazos, Lawrence Eagleburger, Lawton Chiles, Lazar Mojsov, Lê Đức Anh, Lee Kuan Yew, Leukemia, LexisNexis, Liberty University, Lieutenant (junior grade), List of ambassadors of the United States to China, List of Governors of Arkansas, List of Governors of Florida, List of Governors of Ohio, List of Presidents of the United States, List of presidents of the United States by age, List of Presidents of the United States by previous experience, List of United States Representatives from Texas, List of United States Republican Party presidential tickets, List of Vice Presidents of the United States, List of Vice Presidents of the United States by age, Living presidents and vice presidents of the United States, Lloyd Bentsen, Longview, Texas, Louis Wade Sullivan, Lynchburg, Virginia, Lyndon B. Johnson, Lynn Morley Martin, Macau, Madeleine Albright, Madrid Conference of 1991, Malta, Malta Summit, Manuel Lujan Jr., Manuel Noriega, Margaret Thatcher, Marlin Fitzwater, Mars, Martin Van Buren, Marvin Bush, Mary Louise Smith (Republican Party leader), Me Too movement, Melvin Laird, Memorial Drive (Houston), Metonymy, Mexico, Miami University, Michael Dukakis, Midland, Texas, Mike Mansfield, Mikhail Gorbachev, Military discharge, Military operation, Miller Center of Public Affairs, Milton, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Minute Maid Park, Mission, Texas, Mitt Romney, Moon, Moscow, Mount Vernon, MSNBC, Namibia, Nancy Reagan, Natan Sharansky, National Archives and Records Administration, National Constitution Center, National debt of the United States, National Geographic, National Intelligence University, National Italian American Foundation, National Review, National Rifle Association, Naval Air Station Corpus Christi, Naval Air Station Grosse Ile, Naval aviation, Naval Station Norfolk, NBC News, Neil Bush, Nelson Rockefeller, New Britain, Connecticut, New Hampshire primary, Newt Gingrich, Nicholas F. Brady, Nicolae Ceaușescu, NJ.com, Noboru Takeshita, Norman Schwarzkopf Jr., North American Free Trade Agreement, Nuclear football, Nuclear weapons testing, Number One Observatory Circle, Odessa, Texas, Office of Management and Budget, Offshore drilling, Ohio State University, Oil field, Oklahoma State University–Stillwater, On the Issues, One America Appeal, Order of the Bath, Oval Office, Oxford, Ohio, Parachute, Parachuting, Parade (magazine), Parkinson's disease, Parkinsonism, Pat Buchanan, Pat Robertson, Patsy Mink, Paul Eggers, Pauline Robinson Bush, Pearl Harbor, Permian Basin (North America), Persian Gulf, Pete du Pont, Pete Sessions, Peter Baker (author), Peter H. Dominick, Peter Teeley, Petroleum industry, PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award, Phi Beta Kappa, Phil Crane, Phillips Academy, Pledge of Allegiance (United States), Points of Light, Poland, Political climate, Polyp (medicine), Pope John Paul II, Poverty, Preppy, Prescott Bush, President of Haiti, President of Nicaragua, President of Romania, President of the People's Republic of China, President of the Senate, President of the United Nations Security Council, President of the United States, President of Vietnam, Presidential library, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Presidential Unit Citation (United States), Prime Minister of Canada, Prime Minister of Israel, Prime Minister of Japan, Prime Minister of Singapore, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, Profile in Courage Award, Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Public policy school, Public sector, Queens, Rachel Maddow, Racial segregation, Racket (crime), Radiation Exposure Compensation Act, Radon, Ralph Yarborough, Rancho Mirage, California, Read my lips: no new taxes, Reaganomics, Recession, Record-Journal, Republic of China on Taiwan, Republican National Committee, Republican Party (United States), Republican Party presidential primaries, 1980, Response to the State of the Union address, Retronym, Rice University, Richard Darman, Richard Harding Poff, Richard Nixon, Right to keep and bear arms in the United States, River Oaks, Houston, Robert J. Morris, Robert McFarlane, Robert Mosbacher, Robert P. Griffin, Roger Ailes, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan Freedom Award, Ross Perot, Roy Whittenburg, Rudy Giuliani, Ryan Crocker, Rye, New York, Sacred Heart University, Saddam Hussein, Sales, Samuel K. Skinner, School prayer, Secret society, Seoul, Sepsis, September 11 attacks, Siege of Yorktown, Situation Room, Skull and Bones, Slate (magazine), Somalia, Sonia Sotomayor, Sound bite, Soviet Union, Space Station Freedom, Stansfield Turner, Star-Banner, START I, State funeral, Stillwater, Oklahoma, Sun Belt, Super Bowl LI, Super Tuesday, Supply-side economics, Supreme Court of the United States, Tanglewood, Houston, Tariff, Tax cut, Ted Poe, Televangelism, Texas, Texas A&M University, Texas's 7th congressional district, The Boston Globe, The Guardian, The Houstonian Hotel, The New York Times, The Oklahoman, The Telegraph (Nashua), The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, The Washington Times, The Woodlands, Texas, Thomas Kean Jr., Thomas Kuchel, Thomas S. Gates Jr., Thousand points of light, Time (magazine), Time Person of the Year, TMZ, Today (U.S. TV program), Tokyo, Totalitarianism, Trade bloc, Tulsa, Oklahoma, Twitter, Unified Task Force, Union, Iowa, Unite the Right rally, United Nations Operation in Somalia I, United Nations Security Council, United States Air Force, United States Ambassador to the United Nations, United States anti-abortion movement, United States Census Bureau, United States Congress, United States courts of appeals, United States Department of Justice Office of Special Counsel, United States district court, United States federal judge, United States House Committee on Ways and Means, United States House of Representatives, United States invasion of Panama, United States Navy, United States Navy Reserve, United States order of precedence, United States presidential approval rating, United States presidential election, 1932, United States presidential election, 1980, United States presidential election, 1984, United States presidential election, 1988, United States presidential election, 1992, United States presidential election, 1996, United States presidential election, 2016, United States Secretary of Commerce, United States Secretary of Defense, United States Secretary of State, United States Senate, United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate election in Texas, 1964, United States Senate election in Texas, 1970, United States vice-presidential debate, 1984, University of Kansas, University of Macau, University of Virginia, Uranium mining, USA Today, USS Sable (IX-81), Vaughn Walker, Ventura, California, Vernon A. Walters, Vice President of the United States, Victory over Japan Day, Vietnam, Vietnam War, Volunteering, Walter Mondale, War on drugs, Washington College, Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C., Watergate scandal, West Oaks, Houston, West Texas, White House, White House Chief of Staff, White House Press Secretary, William A. Steiger, William Bennett, William Colby, William Francis Buckley, William K. Reilly, William P. Barr, William Proxmire, William Reynolds Archer Jr., Williamsburg, Virginia, Willie Horton, World Golf Hall of Fame, World War II, WorldCat, Yale University, Yitzhak Rabin, Yitzhak Shamir, Yuri Andropov, 101st United States Congress, 1980 Republican National Convention, 1987 Pan American Games, 1988 Republican National Convention, 1990 State of the Union Address, 1993 cruise missile strikes on Iraq, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Expand index (583 more) » « Shrink index
A World Transformed is a 1998 book by former U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Brent Scowcroft, Bush's National Security Advisor, documenting foreign relations during the Bush administration.
Abigail Adams (née Smith; November 22, [O.S. November 11] 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the closest advisor and wife of John Adams, as well as the mother of John Quincy Adams.
The Acting President of the United States is a post that was created after the adoption of the Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution on January 23, 1933, but it was further defined by the Twenty-fifth Amendment on February 10, 1967.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The Air Medal is a military decoration of the United States Armed Forces.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
Albert Arnold Gore Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Albert Harold "Al" Quie (born September 18, 1923) is an American politician who served as the 35th governor of Minnesota from January 4, 1979, to January 3, 1983.
Alan Watson Steelman (born March 15, 1942) is a Dallas businessman who was a Republican congressman from Texas between 1973 and 1977; at the time of his election, he was the youngest sitting member of Congress.
The diplomats serving as ambassadors of the United States of America to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, and ambassadors-at-large change regularly for various reasons, such as reassignment or retirement.
American Experience is a television program airing on Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) television stations in the United States.
American Presidents: Life Portraits is a series produced by C-SPAN in 1999.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability.
Amman (عمّان) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
Aníbal António Cavaco Silva, GCC, GColL (born 15 July 1939), is an economist who was the 19th President of Portugal, in office from 9 March 2006 to 9 March 2016.
Andover is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States.
Andrew Hill "Andy" Card Jr. (born May 10, 1947) is an American politician who was White House Chief of Staff under President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2006, as well as head of Bush's White House Iraq Group.
Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.
Andrew Mark Rosenthal (born February 25, 1956) is an American journalist and former editorial page editor of The New York Times.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
Ann Mary Devroy (1948–1997) was an American political journalist.
Dorothy Ann Willis Richards (September 1, 1933 – September 13, 2006) was an American politician and 45th Governor of Texas (1991–95).
Anti-abortion movements, also referred to as pro-life movements, are involved in the abortion debate advocating against the practice of abortion and its legality.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
On March 30, 1981, President Ronald Reagan and three others were shot and wounded by John Hinckley Jr. in Washington, D.C., as they were leaving a speaking engagement at the Washington Hilton Hotel.
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.
The Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution (short title) or Joint Resolution to authorize the use of United States Armed Forces pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 678 (official title), was the United States Congress's January 14, 1991 authorization of the use of U.S. military force in the Gulf War.
Álvaro Alfredo Magaña Borja (October 8, 1925 in Ahuachapán, El Salvador – July 10, 2001) was the President of El Salvador from 1982 to 1984.
Đỗ Mười (born 2 February 1917) is a Vietnamese communist politician.
George Herman "Babe" Ruth Jr. (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948) was an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball (MLB) spanned 22 seasons, from 1914 through 1935.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Bakersfield is a city in and the county seat of Kern County, California, United States.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Barbara Bush (née Pierce; June 8, 1925 – April 17, 2018) was First Lady of the United States from 1989 to 1993 as the wife of George H. W. Bush, who served as the 41st President of the United States.
Barbara Hackman Franklin (born March 19, 1940) is an American government official, corporate director, and business executive.
A bar code reader (or bar code scanner) is an electronic device that can read and output printed barcodes to a computer.
Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was an American politician, businessman, and author who was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–65, 1969–87) and the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in 1964.
The Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 19–20, 1944) was a major naval battle of World War II that eliminated the Imperial Japanese Navy's ability to conduct large-scale carrier actions.
Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
Bernard Shaw (born May 22, 1940) is a retired American journalist and former lead news anchor for CNN from 1980 until his retirement in March 2001.
Bethesda is an unincorporated, census-designated place in southern Montgomery County, Maryland, United States, located just northwest of the U.S. capital of Washington, D.C. It takes its name from a local church, the Bethesda Meeting House (1820, rebuilt 1849), which in turn took its name from Jerusalem's Pool of Bethesda.
Beverly Hills is an affluent city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, surrounded by the cities of Los Angeles and West Hollywood.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
In the United States and (at least some) other English-speaking countries, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs manual labor.
Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is a retired American politician and attorney who represented Kansas in Congress from 1961 to 1996 and served as the Republican Leader of the United States Senate from 1985 until 1996.
Robert Martinez (born December 25, 1934) is a retired American politician who served as the 40th Governor of Florida from 1987 to 1991; he was the first person of Spanish ancestry to be elected to the state's top office.
Robert Bruce Mathias (November 17, 1930 – September 2, 2006) was an American decathlete, two-time Olympic gold medalist in the event, a United States Marine Corps officer, actor and United States Congressman representing the state of California.
Bob Lloyd Schieffer (born February 25, 1937) is an American television journalist.
The Bonin Islands, also known as the, are an archipelago of over 30 subtropical and tropical islands, some directly south of Tokyo, Japan.
Boston Harbor is a natural harbor and estuary of Massachusetts Bay, and is located adjacent to the city of Boston, Massachusetts.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brent Scowcroft (born March 19, 1925) is a retired United States Air Force lieutenant general who was the United States National Security Advisor under U.S. Presidents Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush.
Martin Brian Mulroney (born March 20, 1939) is a Canadian politician who served as the 18th Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993.
Brookfield is a city located in Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States.
Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. (BBH) is the oldest and one of the largest private banks in the United States.
Bruce Kent (born 22 June 1929) is a British political activist and a former Roman Catholic priest.
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) is a federal law enforcement organization within the United States Department of Justice.
The Bush compound is the summer home of 41st President of the United States George H. W. Bush.
The Bush family is an American family that is prominent in the fields of politics, sports, entertainment, and business.
The Bush School of Government and Public Service is a graduate college of Texas A&M University.
C-SPAN, an acronym for Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a public service.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
Camp David is the country retreat for the President of the United States.
A campaign manager or campaign director is a paid or volunteer individual whose role is to coordinate a political campaign's operations such as fundraising, advertising, polling, getting out the vote (with direct contact to the public), and other activities supporting the effort, directly.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Cancún is a city in southeastern Mexico on the northeast coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo.
A capital gains tax (CGT) is a tax on capital gains, the profit realized on the sale of a non-inventory asset that was greater than the amount realized on the sale.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the United States, currently used by 31 states, the federal government, and the military.
Carla Anderson Hills (born January 3, 1934) is an American lawyer and a public figure.
Carlos Miguel Gutierrez (originally Gutiérrez; born November 4, 1953) is an American former CEO and former United States Secretary of Commerce.
Caspar Willard "Cap" Weinberger (August 18, 1917 – March 28, 2006) was an American politician and businessman.
Central Connecticut State University (also known as Central and frequently abbreviated as Central Connecticut, Central Connecticut State, and CCSU) is a regional, comprehensive public university in New Britain, Connecticut, United States.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The ceremonial first pitch is a longstanding ritual of baseball in which a guest of honor throws a ball to mark the end of pregame festivities and the start of the game.
Charles Harting Percy (September 27, 1919 – September 17, 2011), known as Chuck Percy, was an American businessman and politician.
Charles Woodruff Yost (November 6, 1907 – May 21, 1981) was a career U.S. diplomat who was assigned as his country's representative to the United Nations from 1969 to 1971.
Charlie Rose is an American television interview show, with Charlie Rose as executive producer, executive editor, and host.
Charlotte Thompson Reid (September 27, 1913 – January 25, 2007) served in the U.S. Congress as a U.S. Representative for Illinois from 1963 to 1971.
Chestertown is a town in Kent County, Maryland, United States.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
, formerly known as Peel Island and in the 19th century known to the English as part of the Bonin Islands, is the largest island in the Ogasawara archipelago.
The Chichijima incident (also known as the Ogasawara incident) occurred in late 1944, when Japanese soldiers killed and consumed five American airmen on Chichi Jima, in the Bonin Islands.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China–United States relations, more often known as U.S.–Chinese relations, Chinese–U.S. relations, or Sino-American relations, refers to international relations between the People's Republic of China and the United States of America.
Christina Baker Kline (born 1964) is an American novelist.
The Church Committee was the United States Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, a U.S. Senate committee chaired by Idaho Senator Frank Church (D-ID) in 1975.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
The Civil Rights Act of 1866,, enacted April 9, 1866, was the first United States federal law to define citizenship and affirm that all citizens are equally protected by the law.
The Civil Rights Act of 1968,, also known as the Fair Housing Act, is a landmark part of legislation in the United States that provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race, religion, or national origin and made it a federal crime to “by force or by threat of force, injure, intimidate, or interfere with anyone … by reason of their race, color, religion, or national origin.” The Act was signed into law during the King assassination riots by President Lyndon B. Johnson, who had previously signed the Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act into law.
The Civil Rights Act of 1990 was a bill that, had it been signed into law, would have made it easier for litigants in race or sex discrimination cases to win.
The Civil Rights Act of 1991 is a United States labor law, passed in response to United States Supreme Court decisions that limited the rights of employees who had sued their employers for discrimination.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
The Civil Rights Restoration Act, or Grove City Bill, was a US legislative act that specified that recipients of federal funds must comply with civil rights laws in all areas, not just in the particular program or activity that received federal funding.
Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an American judge, lawyer, and government official who currently serves as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
The three classes of United States Senators are made up of 33 or 34 Senate seats each.
Clayton Keith "Clay" Yeutter, ONZM (December 10, 1930 – March 4, 2017) served as United States Secretary of Agriculture under President George H. W. Bush from 1989 to 1991 before serving as Counselor to the President in 1992.
The Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C.) is a United States federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Sir Colin Tradescant Crowe (7 September 1913 – 19 July 1989) was a British diplomat who was stationed in Egypt at a critical period, and afterwards was ambassador to Saudi Arabia, high commissioner to Canada and permanent representative at the United Nations.
The College of William & Mary (also known as William & Mary, or W&M) is a public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia. Founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, after Harvard University. William & Mary educated American Presidents Thomas Jefferson (third), James Monroe (fifth), and John Tyler (tenth) as well as other key figures important to the development of the nation, including the fourth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia, Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay of Kentucky, sixteen members of the Continental Congress, and four signers of the Declaration of Independence, earning it the nickname "the Alma Mater of the Nation." A young George Washington (1732–1799) also received his surveyor's license through the college. W&M students founded the Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society in 1776 and W&M was the first school of higher education in the United States to install an honor code of conduct for students. The establishment of graduate programs in law and medicine in 1779 makes it one of the earliest higher level universities in the United States. In addition to its undergraduate program (which includes an international joint degree program with the University of St Andrews in Scotland and a joint engineering program with Columbia University in New York City), W&M is home to several graduate programs (including computer science, public policy, physics, and colonial history) and four professional schools (law, business, education, and marine science). In his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities, Richard Moll categorized William & Mary as one of eight "Public Ivies".
College Station is a city in Brazos County, Texas, situated in East-Central Texas in the heart of the Brazos Valley, in the center of the region known as Texas Triangle.
The College World Series (CWS) is an annual June baseball tournament held in Omaha, Nebraska.
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.
The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) is a nonprofit corporation established in 1987 under the joint sponsorship of the Democratic and Republican political parties in the United States.
Compton is a city in southern Los Angeles County, California, United States, situated south of downtown Los Angeles.
Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is an American political scientist and diplomat.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
American conservatism is a broad system of political beliefs in the United States that is characterized by respect for American traditions, republicanism, support for Judeo-Christian values, moral absolutism, free markets and free trade, anti-communism, individualism, advocacy of American exceptionalism, and a defense of Western culture from the perceived threats posed by socialism, authoritarianism, and moral relativism.
The Contras were the various U.S.-backed and funded right-wing rebel groups that were active from 1979 to the early 1990s in opposition to the socialist Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction government in Nicaragua.
Coretta Scott King (April 27, 1927January 30, 2006) was an American author, activist, civil rights leader, and the wife of Martin Luther King, Jr.
The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), founded in 1921, is a United States nonprofit think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
A cruiser is a type of warship.
Cyrus A. Ansary (born 1934) is an American lawyer and philanthropist.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
James Danforth "Dan" Quayle (born February 4, 1947) is an American politician and lawyer who served as the 44th Vice President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
Daniel Irvin Rather Jr. (born October 31, 1931) is an American journalist and the former news anchor for the CBS Evening News. He currently anchors a newscast called The News with Dan Rather at The Young Turks and was previously managing editor and anchor of the television news magazine Dan Rather Reports on the cable channel AXS TV.
José Daniel Ortega Saavedra (born November 11, 1945) is a Nicaraguan politician serving as President of Nicaragua since 2007; previously he was leader of Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1985) and then as President (1985–1990).
Dartmouth College is a private Ivy League research university in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States.
David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce (February 12, 1898 – December 5, 1977) was an American diplomat, intelligence officer and politician.
David Hackett Souter (born September 17, 1939) is a retired Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
David Alan Stockman (born November 10, 1946) is an American politician and former businessman who served as a Republican U.S. Representative from the state of Michigan (1977–1981) and as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1981–1985) under President Ronald Reagan.
On December 26, 2006, Gerald Ford, the 38th President of the United States, died at his home in Rancho Mirage, California at 6:45 p.m. local time (02:45, December 27, UTC).
On June 5, 2004, Ronald Reagan, the 40th President of the United States, died after having suffered from Alzheimer's disease for nearly a decade.
A death squad is an armed group that conducts extrajudicial killings or forced disappearances of persons for the purposes of political repression, genocide, or revolutionary terror.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
Delta Kappa Epsilon (ΔΚΕ), commonly known as DKE or Deke, is one of the oldest North American fraternities, with 56 active chapters across America and Canada.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Deregulation is the process of removing or reducing state regulations, typically in the economic sphere.
Richard Bruce Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 46th Vice President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Richard Lewis Thornburgh (born July 16, 1932) is an American lawyer, author and Republican politician who served as the 41st Governor of Pennsylvania from 1979 to 1987, and then as the U.S. Attorney General from 1988 to 1991.
The Office of United States Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) was the head of the American Central Intelligence Agency from 1946 to 2005, acting as the principal intelligence advisor to the President of the United States and the United States National Security Council, as well as the coordinator of intelligence activities among and between the various U.S. intelligence agencies (collectively known as the Intelligence Community from 1981 onwards).
The Distinguished Flying Cross is a military decoration awarded to any officer or enlisted member of the United States Armed Forces who distinguishes himself or herself in support of operations by "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight, subsequent to November 11, 1918.".
The degree of Doctor of Humane Letters (D.H.L.; or L.H.D.) is almost always conferred as an honorary degree, usually to those students who have distinguished themselves in areas other than science, government, literature or religion, which are awarded degrees of Doctor of Science, Doctor of Laws, Doctor of Letters, or Doctor of Divinity, respectively.
Doctor of Law or Doctor of Laws is a degree in law.
Donald MacKay Fraser (born February 20, 1924) is an American politician from Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a retired American political figure and businessman.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
Dorothy Walker "Doro" Bush Koch (born August 18, 1959) is an American author and philanthropist.
Dresser Industries was a multinational corporation headquartered in Dallas, Texas, United States, which provided a wide range of technology, products, and services used for developing energy and natural resources.
Enno Henry Knoche (January 14, 1925 – July 9, 2010) was a deputy director of the CIA and acting Director of Central Intelligence.
The early 1990s recession describes the period of economic downturn affecting much of the Western world in the early 1990s.
Edward Joseph Derwinski (September 15, 1926 – January 15, 2012) was an American politician who served as the first Cabinet-level United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs, serving under President George H. W. Bush from March 15, 1989 to September 26, 1992.
Edmund Sixtus Muskie (March 28, 1914March 26, 1996) was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 58th United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter, a United States Senator from Maine from 1959 to 1980, the 64th Governor of Maine from 1955 to 1959, a member of the Maine House of Representatives from 1946 to 1951, and the Democratic Party's candidate for Vice President of the United States in the 1968 election.
Edward Rell "Ed" Madigan (January 13, 1936 – December 7, 1994) was a businessman and a Republican Party politician from Lincoln, Illinois.
Eisenhower Fellowships is a private, non-profit, non-partisan organization created in 1953 by a group of prominent American citizens to honor President Dwight D. Eisenhower for his contribution to humanity as a soldier, statesman, and world leader.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
The United States Electoral College is the mechanism established by the United States Constitution for the election of the president and vice president of the United States by small groups of appointed representatives, electors, from each state and the District of Columbia.
George Herbert Walker Bush, 41st President of the United States (1989–1993), 43rd Vice President of the United States (1981–1989); Director of the CIA (1976–1977) and United States Representative from Texas (1967–1971).
Mary Elizabeth Alexander Hanford "Liddy" Dole (born July 29, 1936)Mary Ella Cathey Hanford, "Asbury and Hanford Families: Newly Discovered Genealogical Information" The Historical Trail 33 (1996), pp.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Elliott Abrams (born January 24, 1948) is an American diplomat, lawyer, and political scientist who served in foreign policy positions for Presidents Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Ensign (Late Middle English, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
Everett McKinley Dirksen (January 4, 1896 – September 7, 1969) was an American politician of the Republican Party.
Face the Nation is an American Sunday morning political interview show broadcast on the CBS television network.
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (فهد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود; 16 March 1921 – 1 August 2005) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1982 to 2005.
Fairfield is an affluent town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States.
In United States presidential elections, a faithless elector is a member of the United States Electoral College who does not vote for the presidential or vice-presidential candidate for whom they had pledged to vote.
The Fast Carrier Task Force was the main striking force of the United States Navy in the Pacific War from January 1944 through the end of the war in August 1945.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
First base, or 1B, is the first of four stations on a baseball diamond which must be touched in succession by a baserunner to score a run for that player's team.
First International Bank & Trust started in 1910 as Farmers State Bank in Arnegard, North Dakota.
A country's foreign policy, also called foreign relations or foreign affairs policy, consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve goals within its international relations milieu.
Foreign trade of the United States comprises the international imports and exports of the United States, one of the world's most significant economic markets.
The Fort Worth Star-Telegram is a U.S. daily newspaper serving Fort Worth and the western half of the North Texas area known as the Metroplex.
Fort Worth is the 15th-largest city in the United States and the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas.
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was a French statesman who was President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office of any French president.
Fredericksburg (Friedrichsburg) is the seat of Gillespie County, in the U.S. state of Texas.
The funeral of Pope John Paul II was held on 8 April 2005, six days after his death on 2 April.
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was an office of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) that by the late 1920s had evolved into the most powerful of the Central Committee's various secretaries.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
George Bush Intercontinental Airport is an international airport in Houston, Texas, United States, under class B airspace, serving the Greater Houston metropolitan area.
The George Bush Presidential Library and Museum is the presidential library of George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States.
During George H.W. Bush's term in office as the President of the United States of America, he nominated 11 individuals for 10 different federal appellate judgeships who were not processed by the Democratic-controlled Senate Judiciary Committee.
The 1988 presidential campaign of George H. W. Bush began on October 13, 1987, when Bush, then the sitting Vice President of the United States, announced he was running for the Republican Party's nomination in the 1988 U.S. presidential election.
George Lloyd Murphy (July 4, 1902 – May 3, 1992) was an American dancer, actor, and politician.
George Pratt Shultz (born December 13, 1920) is an American economist, elder statesman, and businessman.
George Victor Voinovich (July 15, 1936 – June 12, 2016) was an American politician from the state of Ohio and born in Cleveland.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King Jr; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from August 1974 to January 1977.
Geraldine Anne "Gerry" Ferraro (August 26, 1935 March 26, 2011) was an American attorney and Democratic Party politician who served in the United States House of Representatives.
In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
Government spending or expenditure includes all government consumption, investment, and transfer payments.
The Governor of California is the head of government of the U.S. state of California.
The Governor of Massachusetts is the head of the executive branch of the Government of Massachusetts and serves as commander-in-chief of the Commonwealth's military forces.
The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
Graves' disease, also known as toxic diffuse goiter, is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid.
The Greenwich Country Day School is a co-educational, independent day school in Greenwich, Connecticut, United States, founded in 1926.
Greenwich is an affluent town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States.
Grenada is a sovereign state in the southeastern Caribbean Sea consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain.
When used in a sexual context, groping is touching or fondling another person in an unwelcome sexual way using the hands.
The G8, reformatted as G7 from 2014 due to the suspension of Russia's participation, was an inter-governmental political forum from 1997 until 2014, with the participation of some major industrialized countries in the world, that viewed themselves as democracies.
The Grumman TBF Avenger (designated TBM for aircraft manufactured by General Motors) is an American torpedo bomber developed initially for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, and eventually used by several air and naval aviation services around the world.
Guillermo David Endara Galimany (May 12, 1936 – September 28, 2009) was President of Panama from 1989 to 1994.
The Gulf Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Southern United States meets the Gulf of Mexico.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
The HandsOn Network is a non-profit organization focusing on community service based in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A. It seeks to bring people together to strengthen communities through meaningful volunteer action, and including some half million volunteers in communities inside and outside the United States.
Hanover is a town along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States.
Harold Edward Stassen (April 13, 1907 – March 4, 2001) was the 25th Governor of Minnesota.
Harris County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Heather Lind (born March 22, 1983) is an American actress.
Henry Martin "Scoop" Jackson (May 31, 1912 – September 1, 1983) was an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative (1941–1953) and U.S. Senator (1953–1983) from the state of Washington.
Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American engineer, businessman and politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933 during the Great Depression.
The Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) was legislation signed into United States law on November 8, 1965, as part of President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society domestic agenda.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is an American politician and diplomat who served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U.S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, and the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election.
HOK, formerly Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum, is an American worldwide design, architecture, engineering and urban planning firm.
Homeland security is an American umbrella term for "the national effort to ensure a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards where American interests, aspirations, and ways of life can thrive to the national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce the vulnerability of the U.S. to terrorism, and minimize the damage from attacks that do occur".
Homelessness is the circumstance when people are without a permanent dwelling, such as a house or apartment.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
The Houston Astros are an American professional baseball team based in Houston, Texas.
The Houston Chronicle is the largest daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States.
Houston Methodist Hospital is the flagship hospital of Houston Methodist.
Howard Henry Baker Jr. (November 15, 1925 June 26, 2014) was an American politician and diplomat who served as a Republican United States Senator from Tennessee, Senate Minority Leader, then Senate Majority Leader.
Howard University (HU or simply Howard) is a federally chartered, private, coeducational, nonsectarian, historically black university (HBCU) in Washington, D.C. It is categorized by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with higher research activity and is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.
HRG Group, Inc., formerly Harbinger Group Inc. and Zapata Corporation, is a holding company based in Rochester, New York, and originating from an oil company started by a group including the former United States president George H. W. Bush.
---- Hu Jintao (born 21 December 1942) is a Chinese politician who was the paramount leader of China from 2002 to 2012.
Hugh Doggett Scott Jr. (November 11, 1900 – July 21, 1994) was an American lawyer and politician.
Hurricane Harvey is tied with Hurricane Katrina as the costliest tropical cyclone on record, inflicting $125 billion (2017 USD) in damage, primarily from catastrophic rainfall-triggered flooding in the Houston metropolitan area.
Hurricane Irma was an extremely powerful and catastrophic Cape Verde hurricane, the strongest observed in the Atlantic in terms of maximum sustained winds since Wilma, and the strongest storm on record to exist in the open Atlantic region.
Hurricane Katrina was an extremely destructive and deadly Category 5 hurricane that caused catastrophic damage along the Gulf coast from central Florida to Texas, much of it due to the storm surge and levee failure.
Hussein bin Talal (الحسين بن طلال, Al-Ḥusayn ibn Ṭalāl; 14 November 1935 – 7 February 1999) reigned as King of Jordan from 11 August 1952 until his death.
IMDb, also known as Internet Movie Database, is an online database of information related to world films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings.
The Immigration Act of 1990 was signed into law by George H. W. Bush on November 29, 1990.
Immigration to the United States is the international movement of individuals who are not natives or do not possess citizenship in order to settle, reside, study, or work in the country.
The inauguration of Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States marked commencement of the four-year term of Donald Trump as President and Mike Pence as Vice President.
The inauguration of George H. W. Bush as the 41st President of the United States was held on Friday, January 20, 1989.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.
General Augusto Pinochet was indicted for human rights violations committed in his native Chile by Spanish magistrate Baltasar Garzón on 10 October 1998.
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads).
The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty) is the abbreviated name of the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, a 1987 agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union (and later its successor states, in particular the Russian Federation).
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000Various primary and secondary sources list counts between persons.
The Iowa Caucuses are quadrennial electoral events in which members of the Democratic and Republican parties in the U.S. state of Iowa meet to select delegates who will vote for their party's nominee in the United States presidential election at the party convention.
On 3 July 1988, Iran Air Flight 655, a scheduled civilian passenger flight from Tehran to Dubai, was shot down by an SM-2MR surface-to-air missile fired from, a guided missile cruiser of the United States Navy.
The Iran–Contra affair (ماجرای ایران-کنترا, caso Irán-Contra), also referred to as Irangate, Contragate or the Iran–Contra scandal, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.
The Iraqi Intelligence Service (Jihaz Al-Mukhabarat Al-Amma), also known as the Mukhabarat, General Directorate of Intelligence, or Party Intelligence, was the main state intelligence organization in Iraq under Saddam Hussein.
The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private universities in the Northeastern United States.
Jack French Kemp (July 13, 1935 – May 2, 2009) was an American politician and a professional gridiron football player.
John Bouvier Kennedy "Jack" Schlossberg (born January 19, 1993) is the youngest child and only son of Caroline Kennedy, the former U.S. Ambassador to Japan, and the only grandson of John F. Kennedy, the 35th U.S. President.
James Addison Baker III (born April 28, 1930) is an American attorney and political figure.
James David Watkins (March 7, 1927July 26, 2012) was a United States Navy admiral and former Chief of Naval Operations who served as the U.S. Secretary of Energy during the George H. W. Bush administration, also chairing U.S. government commissions on HIV/AIDS and ocean policy.
Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born 15 July 1953) is a former Haitian priest and politician who became Haiti's first democratically elected president.
John Ellis "Jeb" Bush Sr. (born February 11, 1953) is an American politician who served as the 43rd Governor of Florida from 1999 to 2007.
Located on a 285-acre wooded campus, The Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Business is the business school of Rice University in Houston, Texas.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
John Alfred Scali (April 27, 1918 – October 9, 1995) was the United States Ambassador to the United Nations from 1973 to 1975.
John Adams (October 30 [O.S. October 19] 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the first Vice President (1789–1797) and second President of the United States (1797–1801).
John Bayard Anderson (February 15, 1922 – December 3, 2017) was a United States Congressman and presidential candidate from Illinois.
The John Birch Society (JBS) is a self-described conservative advocacy group supporting anti-communism and limited government.
John Bowden Connally Jr. (February 27, 1917June 15, 1993) was an American politician.
John Vernard Dowdy (February 11, 1912 – April 12, 1995) was an American politician.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (formally called the John F. Kennedy Memorial Center for the Performing Arts, and commonly referred to as the Kennedy Center) is the United States National Cultural Center, located on the Potomac River, adjacent to the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C., named in 1964 as a memorial to President John F. Kennedy.
John Henry Sununu (born July 2, 1939) is a Cuban-born Palestinian-American politician who served as the 75th Governor of New Hampshire (1983–89) and later White House Chief of Staff under President George H. W. Bush.
John Warnock Hinckley Jr. (born May 29, 1955) is an American man who, on March 30, 1981, attempted to assassinate U.S. President Ronald Reagan in Washington, D.C. He wounded Reagan with a bullet that ricocheted and hit him in the chest.
Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997.
John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Arizona, a seat he was first elected to in 1986.
John Nance Garner III (November 22, 1868 – November 7, 1967), known among his contemporaries as "Cactus Jack", was an American Democratic politician and lawyer from Texas.
John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was an American statesman who served as a diplomat, minister and ambassador to foreign nations, and treaty negotiator, United States Senator, U.S. Representative (Congressman) from Massachusetts, and the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829.
John Goodwin Tower (September 29, 1925 – April 5, 1991) was the first Republican United States Senator from Texas since Reconstruction.
John William McCormack (December 21, 1891 – November 22, 1980) was an American politician from Boston, Massachusetts.
Jon Ellis Meacham (born May 20, 1969) is a presidential historian.
Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.
Keith Theodore Olbermann (born January 27, 1959) is an American sports and political commentator and writer.
Kennebunkport is a town in York County, Maine, United States.
was a Japanese politician and the 78th Japanese Prime Minister serving from 5 November 1991 to 9 August 1993.
Katharine Dickson Dukakis (born December 26, 1936), known as Kitty Dukakis, is an American author.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko (p, 24 September 1911 – 10 March 1985) was a Soviet politician and the fifth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
Kuwait City (مدينة الكويت) is the capital and largest city of Kuwait.
Andrew Lamar Alexander Jr. (born July 3, 1940) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Tennessee, a seat he has held since 2003.
In politics, a lame duck is an elected official whose successor has already been elected.
The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.
Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is an American educator and the wife of the 43rd President of the United States, George W. Bush, serving as the First Lady of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Lauren Pierce Bush (born June 25, 1984), also known as Lauren Bush Lauren, is the CEO and Co-Founder of FEED Projects.
Lauro Fred Cavazos Jr. (born January 4, 1927) is a U.S. educator and politician.
Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (August 1, 1930 – June 4, 2011) was an American statesman and career diplomat, who served briefly as the Secretary of State under President George H. W. Bush.
Lawton Mainor Chiles Jr. (April 3, 1930 – December 12, 1998) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Florida.
Lazar Mojsov (Лазар Мојсов; 19 December 1920 – 25 August 2011) was a Macedonian journalist, communist politician and diplomat from SFR Yugoslavia.
Lê Đức Anh (born 1 December 1920) is a Vietnamese politician and general who served as President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam from 1992 to 1997.
Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ (16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), commonly referred to by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades.
Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.
LexisNexis Group is a corporation providing computer-assisted legal research as well as business research and risk management services.
Liberty University (LU), also referred to as Liberty, is a private, non-profit Christian research university located in Lynchburg, Virginia, United States.
Lieutenant (junior grade), commonly abbreviated as LTJG or, historically, Lt. (j.g.) (as well as variants of both abbreviations), is a junior commissioned officer rank of the United States Navy, the United States Coast Guard, the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps (NOAA Corps).
The United States Ambassador to China is the chief American diplomat to People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Governor of Arkansas is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Arkansas.
The Governor of Florida is the head of the executive branch of Florida's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The Governor of Ohio is the head of the executive branch of Ohio's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The President of the United States is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
This is a list of presidents of the United States by age.
Although many paths may lead to the Presidency of the United States, the most common job experience, occupation or profession of U.S. presidents has been lawyer.
The following is an alphabetical list of members of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Texas.
This is a list of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the Republican Party of the United States.
There have been 48 Vice Presidents of the United States since the office came into existence in 1789.
This is a list of Vice Presidents of the United States by age.
This article chronicles the number of living presidents and vice presidents of the United States at each moment in United States history since the first president and vice president were inaugurated in 1789.
Lloyd Millard Bentsen Jr. (February 11, 1921 – May 23, 2006) was an American politician who was a four-term United States Senator (1971–1993) from Texas and the Democratic Party nominee for vice president in 1988 on the Michael Dukakis ticket.
Longview is a city in Gregg and Harrison counties in the U.S. state of Texas.
Louis Wade Sullivan (born November 3, 1933) is an active health policy leader, minority health advocate, author, physician, and educator.
Lynchburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
Lynn Morley Martin (born December 26, 1939) is an American businesswoman and former United States politician.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Madeleine Jana Korbel Albright (born May 15, 1937) is an American politician and diplomat.
The Madrid Conference of 1991 was a peace conference, held from 30 October to 1 November 1991 in Madrid, hosted by Spain and co-sponsored by the United States and the Soviet Union.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Malta Summit comprised a meeting between US President George H. W. Bush and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, taking place on December 2–3, 1989, just a few weeks after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Manuel Lujan Jr. (born May 12, 1928) is a Republican politician from the U.S. state of New Mexico who served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1969 to 1989 and as the United States Secretary of the Interior from 1989 to 1993.
Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno (February 11, 1934 – May 29, 2017) was a Panamanian politician and military officer who was the de facto ruler of Panama from 1983 to 1989.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Max Marlin Fitzwater (born November 24, 1942) was the White House Press Secretary for six years under presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, making him one of the longest-serving press secretaries in history.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
Maarten "Martin" Van Buren (December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862) was an American statesman who served as the eighth President of the United States from 1837 to 1841.
Marvin Pierce Bush (born October 22, 1956) is the youngest son of former U.S. President George H. W. Bush and First Lady Barbara Bush, and brother of former U.S. President George W. Bush, former Florida Governor Jeb, Neil and Dorothy.
Mary Louise Smith (October 6, 1914 – August 22, 1997), a U.S. political organizer and women's rights activist, was the second woman to become chairman of a major political party in the United States (the first was Jean Westwood).
The Me Too movement (or "#MeToo", with local alternatives in other languages) is an international movement against sexual harassment and assault.
Melvin Robert "Bom" Laird (September 1, 1922 – November 16, 2016) was an American politician, writer and statesman.
Memorial Drive is an arterial road in the western half of Houston, Texas, United States.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Miami University (also referred to as Miami of Ohio or simply Miami) is a public research university on a 2,138-acre campus in Oxford, Ohio, 35 miles north of Cincinnati.
Michael Stanley Dukakis (born November 3, 1933) is a retired American politician who served as the 65th Governor of Massachusetts, from 1975 to 1979 and again from 1983 to 1991.
Midland is a city in and the county seat of Midland County, Texas, United States, on the Southern Plains of the state's western area.
Michael Joseph Mansfield (March 16, 1903 – October 5, 2001) was an American politician and diplomat.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, GCL (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.
A military discharge is given when a member of the armed forces is released from his or her obligation to serve.
A military operation is the coordinated military actions of a state, or a non-state actor, in response to a developing situation.
The Miller Center is a nonpartisan affiliate of the University of Virginia that specializes in United States presidential scholarship, public policy, and political history and strives to apply the lessons of history to the nation’s most pressing contemporary governance challenges.
Milton is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States and an affluent suburb of Boston.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
Minute Maid Park, previously known as The Ballpark at Union Station, Enron Field, and Astros Field, is a ballpark in Downtown Houston, Texas, United States, that opened in 2000 to house the Houston Astros of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Mission is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States.
Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American businessman and politician who served as the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007 and was the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Mount Vernon was the plantation house of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and his wife, Martha Dandridge Custis Washington.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins; July 6, 1921 – March 6, 2016) was an American film actress and the wife of Ronald Reagan, the 40th President of the United States.
Natan Sharansky (נתן שרנסקי, Ната́н Щара́нский, Натан Щаранський; born Anatoly Borisovich Shcharansky (Анато́лий Бори́сович Щара́нский, Анатолій Борисович Щаранський) on 20 January 1948) is an Israeli politician, human rights activist and author who, as a refusenik in the Soviet Union during the 1970s and 1980s, spent nine years in Soviet prisons.
The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the United States government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records and with increasing public access to those documents, which comprise the National Archives.
The National Constitution Center is a nonprofit, nonpartisan institution devoted to the United States Constitution.
The national debt of the United States is the public debt carried by the federal government of the United States, which is measured as the face value of the currently outstanding Treasury securities that have been issued by the Treasury and other federal government agencies.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The National Intelligence University (NIU), formerly known as the National Defense Intelligence College and the Joint Military Intelligence College, is a federally-chartered research university in Bethesda, Maryland.
The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, educational foundation that promotes Italian American culture and heritage.
National Review (NR) is an American semi-monthly conservative editorial magazine focusing on news and commentary pieces on political, social, and cultural affairs.
The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is an American nonprofit organization that advocates for gun rights.
Naval Air Station Corpus Christi, is a naval base located six miles (10 km) southeast of the central business district (CBD) of Corpus Christi, in Nueces County, Texas, USA.
Naval Air Station Grosse Ile was a Naval air station located on the southern tip of Grosse Ile, Michigan.
Naval aviation is the application of military air power by navies, whether from warships that embark aircraft, or land bases.
Naval Station Norfolk, is a United States Navy base in Norfolk, Virginia.
NBC News is the news division of the American broadcast television network NBC, formerly known as the National Broadcasting Company when it was founded on radio.
Neil Mallon Bush (born January 22, 1955) is an American businessman and investor.
Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American businessman and politician who served as the 41st Vice President of the United States from 1974 to 1977, and previously as the 49th Governor of New York (1959–1973).
New Britain is a city in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States.
The New Hampshire primary is the first in a series of nationwide party primary elections and the second party contest (the first being the Iowa Caucuses) held in the United States every four years as part of the process of choosing the delegates to the Democratic and Republican national conventions which choose the party nominees for the presidential elections to be held the subsequent November.
Newton Leroy Gingrich (né McPherson; born June 17, 1943) is an American politician and author, born in Pennsylvania, later representing Georgia in Congress, and ultimately serving as 50th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999.
Nicholas Frederick Brady (born April 11, 1930) is an American politician from the state of New Jersey, who was the United States Secretary of the Treasury under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, and is also known for articulating the Brady Plan in March 1989.
Nicolae Ceaușescu (26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian Communist politician.
NJ.com is a digital news content provider and website in New Jersey owned by Advance Publications.
was a Japanese politician and the 74th Prime Minister of Japan from 6 November 1987 to 3 June 1989.
Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. (August 22, 1934 – December 27, 2012) was a United States Army general.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; French: Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
The nuclear football (also known as the atomic football, the President's emergency satchel, the Presidential Emergency Satchel, the button, the black box, or just the football) is a briefcase, the contents of which are to be used by the President of the United States to authorize a nuclear attack while away from fixed command centers, such as the White House Situation Room.
Nuclear weapons tests are experiments carried out to determine the effectiveness, yield, and explosive capability of nuclear weapons.
Number One Observatory Circle is the official residence of the Vice President of the United States.
Odessa is a city in and the county seat of Ector County, Texas, United States.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP).
Offshore drilling is a mechanical process where a wellbore is drilled below the seabed.
The Ohio State University, commonly referred to as Ohio State or OSU, is a large, primarily residential, public university in Columbus, Ohio.
An "oil field" or "oilfield" is a region with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground.
Oklahoma State University (also referred to informally as Oklahoma State, OKState, and OSU), is a land-grant, sun-grant, coeducational public research university located in Stillwater, Oklahoma, United States.
On the Issues or OnTheIssues is an American non-partisan, non-profit organization providing information to voters about candidates, primarily via their web site.
The One America Appeal is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization founded on September 7, 2017, by all five living former U.S. Presidents: Jimmy Carter, George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Oval Office is the working office space of the President of the United States located in the West Wing of the White House, Washington, DC.
Oxford is a city in Butler County, Ohio, United States, in the southwestern portion of the state approximately 28 mi (46 km) NW of Cincinnati.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
Parachuting, or skydiving, is a method of transiting from a high point to Earth with the aid of gravity, involving the control of speed during the descent with the use of a parachute/s.
Parade is an American nationwide Sunday newspaper magazine, distributed in more than 700 newspapers in the United States.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Parkinsonism is a clinical syndrome characterized by tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, and postural instability.
Patrick Joseph Buchanan (born November 2, 1938) is an American paleoconservative political commentator, author, syndicated columnist, politician, and broadcaster.
Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson (born March 22, 1930) is an American media mogul, executive chairman, politician, and former Southern Baptist minister who advocates a conservative Christian ideology.
was an American lawyer and politician from the U.S. state of Hawaii.
Paul Walter Eggers (April 20, 1919 – June 21, 2013) was an Indiana native who was the Republican nominee for governor of Texas in both 1968 and 1970, when the state still had two-year gubernatorial terms.
Pauline Robinson "Robin" Bush (December 20, 1949 – October 11, 1953) was the eldest daughter of President of the United States George H. W. Bush and his wife First Lady Barbara Bush.
Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu.
The Permian Basin gives its name to a large oil and natural gas producing area, part of the Mid-Continent Oil Producing Area.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
Pierre Samuel "Pete" du Pont IV (born January 22, 1935) is an American lawyer and politician from Rockland, in New Castle County, Delaware, near Wilmington.
Peter Anderson Sessions (born March 22, 1955) is an American politician.
Peter Baker (born July 2, 1967) is an American political writer and newspaper reporter who is the chief White House correspondent for The New York Times and a contributing writer for The New York Times Magazine. He was responsible for covering President Barack Obama and the Obama administration.
Peter Hoyt Dominick (July 7, 1915 – March 18, 1981) was an American diplomat, politician and lawyer from Colorado.
Peter Barry Teeley (born January 12, 1940) is an American political consultant and diplomat, who served as press secretary to Vice President George H.W. Bush from 1981 to 1985 and as United States Ambassador to Canada from 1992 to 1993.
The petroleum industry, also known as the oil industry or the oil patch, includes the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing of petroleum products.
Created in 1996, the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award honors individuals who have made an outstanding contribution to the PGA Tour over an extended period of time through their actions on and off the golf course.
The Phi Beta Kappa Society (ΦΒΚ) is the oldest academic honor society in the United States.
Philip Miller Crane (November 3, 1930 – November 8, 2014) was an American politician.
Phillips Academy Andover (also known as Andover, PA, or Phillips) is a co-educational university-preparatory school for boarding and day students in grades 9–12, along with a post-graduate (PG) year.
The Pledge of Allegiance of the United States is an expression of allegiance to the Flag of the United States and the republic of the United States of America.
Points of Light is an international nonprofit, nonpartisan organization headquartered in the United States dedicated to engaging more people and resources in solving serious social problems through voluntary service.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The political climate is the aggregate mood and opinions of a political society at a particular time.
A polyp is an abnormal growth of tissue projecting from a mucous membrane.
Pope John Paul II (Ioannes Paulus II; Giovanni Paolo II; Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła;; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
Preppy (also spelled preppie) or prep (all abbreviations of the word preparatory) refers to a subculture in the United States associated with the old private Northeastern university-preparatory schools.
Prescott Sheldon Bush Sr. (May 15, 1895October 8, 1972) was an American banker and politician.
The President of the Republic of Haiti (Président de la République d'Haïti, Prezidan peyi Repiblik Ayiti) is the head of state of Haiti.
The President of the Republic of Nicaragua (Presidente de la República de Nicaragua) is the head of state of Nicaragua.
The President of Romania is the head of state of Romania.
The President of the People's Republic of China is the head of state of the People's Republic of China.
The President of the Senate is a title often given to the presiding officer of a senate, and is the speaker of other assemblies.
The President of the United Nations Security Council is the presiding officer of that body.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Chủ tịch nước Cộng hoà Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) is, according to the constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the elected head of state of Vietnam, holds the second highest office in Vietnam after General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
In the United States, the presidential library system is a nationwide network of 15 libraries administered by the Office of Presidential Libraries, which is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the President of the United States and is—along with the comparable Congressional Gold Medal—the highest civilian award of the United States.
The Presidential Unit Citation (PUC), originally called the Distinguished Unit Citation, is awarded to units of the Uniformed services of the United States, and those of allied countries, for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941 (the date of the Attack on Pearl Harbor and the start of American involvement in World War II).
The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Canada's head of government, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or Governor General of Canada on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.
The Prime Minister of Israel (רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym: רה״מ; رئيس الحكومة, Ra'īs al-Ḥukūma) is the head of government of Israel and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics.
The is the head of government of Japan.
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore (Perdana Menteri Republik Singapura; 新加坡共和國總理;, pinyin: Xīnjiāpō gònghéguó zǒnglǐ; சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசின் பிரதமர், Ciṅkappūr kuṭiyaraciṉ piratamar) is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore, and the most powerful person in Singapore.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established in its current form on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township.
The Profile in Courage Award is a private award given to recognize displays of courage similar to those John F. Kennedy described in his book of the same name.
Public policy schools are typically university programs which teach students policy analysis, policy studies, public policy, political economy, urban planning, public administration, public affairs, and public management.
The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
Queens is the easternmost and largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City.
Rachel Anne Maddow (born April 1, 1973) is an American television host and political commentator.
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
A racket is a planned or organized criminal act, usually in which the criminal act is a form of business or a way to earn illegal or extorted money regularly or briefly but repeatedly.
The United States Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) is a federal statute providing for the monetary compensation of people, including atomic veterans, who contracted cancer and a number of other specified diseases as a direct result of their exposure to atmospheric nuclear testing undertaken by the United States during the Cold War, or their exposure to radon gas and other radioactive isotopes while undertaking uranium mining, milling or the transportation of ore.
Radon is a chemical element with symbol Rn and atomic number 86.
Ralph Webster Yarborough (June 8, 1903January 27, 1996) was a Texas Democratic politician who served in the United States Senate from 1957 to 1971 and was a leader of the progressive or liberal wing of his party.
Rancho Mirage is a resort city in Riverside County, California, United States.
"Read my lips: no new taxes" is a phrase spoken by then-American presidential candidate George H. W. Bush at the 1988 Republican National Convention as he accepted the nomination on August 18.
Reaganomics (a portmanteau of Reagan and economics attributed to Paul Harvey) refers to the economic policies promoted by U.S. President Ronald Reagan during the 1980s.
In economics, a recession is a business cycle contraction which results in a general slowdown in economic activity.
The Record-Journal is an American daily newspaper based in Meriden, Connecticut, that dates back to the years immediately following the American Civil War.
Republic of China on Taiwan is a political term as well as discourse regarding the present status of the Republic of China.
The Republican National Committee (RNC) is a U.S. political committee that provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The 1980 Republican presidential primaries were the selection process by which voters of the Republican Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 1980 U.S. presidential election.
The response to the State of the Union address is a rebuttal speech, often brief, delivered by a representative (or representatives) of the opposition party following a presidential State of the Union address.
A retronym is a newer name for an existing thing that differentiates the original form or version from a more recent one.
William Marsh Rice University, commonly known as Rice University, is a private research university located on a 300-acre (121 ha) campus in Houston, Texas, United States.
Richard Gordon "Dick" Darman (May 10, 1943January 25, 2008) was an American businessman and government official who served in senior positions during the presidencies of Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush.
Richard Harding "Dick" Poff (October 19, 1923 – June 27, 2011) was an American politician and judge.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
The right to keep and bear arms in the United States is a fundamental right protected by the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution, part of the Bill of Rights, and by the constitutions of most U.S. states.
River Oaks is a residential community located in the center of Houston, Texas, United States.
Robert John Morris (September 30, 1914 – December 29, 1996) was an American anti-Communist activist who served as chief counsel to the United States Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security from 1951 to 1953 and from 1956 to 1958, was President of the University of Dallas and founded the now-defunct University of Plano.
Robert Carl "Bud" McFarlane (born July 12, 1937) is a retired Marine Corps officer who served as National Security Advisor to President of the United States Ronald Reagan from 1983 through 1985.
Robert Adam Mosbacher Sr. (March 11, 1927 – January 24, 2010) was an American businessman, accomplished yacht racer, and a Republican politician.
Robert Paul Griffin (November 6, 1923 – April 16, 2015) was a Republican U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan and Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court.
Roger Eugene Ailes (May 15, 1940 – May 18, 2017) was an American television executive and media consultant.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
The Ronald Reagan Freedom Award is the highest civilian honor bestowed by the private Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation.
Henry Ross Perot (born June 27, 1930) is an American business magnate and former politician.
Roy Robert Whittenburg, Sr. (January 11, 1913 – December 29, 1980), was a landowner, oilman, rancher, banker, and newspaper publisher from Amarillo, Texas, who was the Republican nominee in 1958 for the U.S. Senate against the Democratic incumbent, Ralph W. Yarborough.
Rudolph William Louis Giuliani (born May 28, 1944) is an American politician, attorney, businessman, public speaker, former mayor of New York City, and attorney to President Donald Trump.
Ryan Clark Crocker (born June 19, 1949) is a former career ambassador within the United States Foreign Service and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Rye is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States.
Sacred Heart University (SHU) is a private Roman Catholic university located in Fairfield, Connecticut, United States.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Sales is activity related to selling or the amount of goods or services sold in a given time period.
Samuel Knox Skinner (born June 10, 1938) is an American politician, lawyer, and businessman.
School prayer, in the context of religious liberty, is state-sanctioned or mandatory prayer by students in public schools.
A secret society is a club or an organization whose activities, events, inner functioning, or membership are concealed from non-members.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at Yorktown, German Battle or the Siege of Little York, ending on October 19, 1781, at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British peer and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis.
The Situation Room, officially known as the John F. Kennedy Conference Room, is a conference room and intelligence management center in the basement of the West Wing of the White House.
Skull and Bones is an undergraduate senior secret student society at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.
Sonia Maria Sotomayor (born June 25, 1954) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, appointed by President Barack Obama in May 2009 and confirmed in August 2009.
A sound bite is a short clip of speech or music extracted from a longer piece of audio, often used to promote or exemplify the full length piece.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Space Station Freedom was a NASA project to construct a permanently manned Earth-orbiting space station in the 1980s.
Stansfield Turner (December 1, 1923 – January 18, 2018) was an admiral in the United States Navy who served as President of the Naval War College from 1972–74, commander of the United States Second Fleet from 1974 to 1975, and was Director of Central Intelligence from 1977–81 under the Carter administration.
The Star-Banner is the daily newspaper in Ocala, Florida, United States and serves Marion County and the surrounding communities.
START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms.
A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance.
Stillwater is a city in northeast Oklahoma at the intersection of US-177 and State Highway 51.
The Sun Belt is a region of the United States generally considered to stretch across the Southeast and Southwest.
Super Bowl LI was an American football game played at NRG Stadium in Houston, Texas, on Sunday, February 5, 2017, to determine the champion of the National Football League (NFL) for the 2016 season.
In the United States, Super Tuesday, in general, refers informally to one or more Tuesdays early in a United States presidential primary season when the greatest number of U.S. states hold primary elections and caucuses.
Supply-side economics is a macroeconomic theory arguing that economic growth can be most effectively created by lowering taxes and decreasing regulation.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Tanglewood is a neighborhood in western Houston, Texas,Tutt, Bob.
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
A tax cut is a reduction in the rate of tax charged by a government.
Lloyd Theodore Poe (born September 10, 1948) is an American politician who has represented Texas's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives since 2005.
Televangelism is the use of media, specifically radio and television, to communicate Christianity.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
Texas A&M University (Texas A&M or A&M) is a coeducational public research university in College Station, Texas, United States.
Texas District 7 of the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that serves a small area of western Harris County.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Houstonian Hotel, Club & Spa is a luxury hotel located in Houston, Texas.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Oklahoman is the largest daily newspaper in Oklahoma and is the only regional daily that covers the Greater Oklahoma City area.
The Telegraph, for most of its existence known as the Nashua Telegraph, is a daily newspaper in Nashua, New Hampshire.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Washington Times is an American daily newspaper that covers general interest topics with a particular emphasis on American politics.
The Woodlands is a master planned community and census-designated place (CDP) in the U.S. state of Texas in the metropolitan area.
Thomas Howard Kean Jr. (born September 5, 1968) is an American Republican politician, the current Minority Leader of the New Jersey Senate, and a New Jersey State Senator.
Thomas Henry Kuchel (August 15, 1910 – November 21, 1994) was a moderate Republican US Senator from California.
Thomas Sovereign Gates Jr. (April 10, 1906March 25, 1983) was United States Secretary of Defense from 1959 to 1961 under President Eisenhower.
The phrase "a thousand points of light" was popularized by US president George H. W. Bush, and later formed the name of a private, non-profit organization launched by Bush to support volunteerism.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Person of the Year (called Man of the Year or Woman of the Year until 1999) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, a group, an idea, or an object that "for better or for worse...
TMZ is a tabloid news website that debuted on November 8, 2005.
Today, also called The Today Show, is an American news and talk morning television show that airs on NBC.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Benito Mussolini Totalitarianism is a political concept where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to control every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.
A trade block is a type of intergovernmental agreement, often part of a regional intergovernmental organization, where barriers to trade (tariffs and others) are reduced or eliminated among the participating states.
Tulsa is the second-largest city in the state of Oklahoma and 47th-most populous city in the United States.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
The Unified Task Force (UNITAF) was a US-led, United Nations-sanctioned multinational force, which operated in Somalia between 5 December 1992 – 4 May 1993.
Union is a city in Hardin County, Iowa, United States.
The Unite the Right rally, also known as the Charlottesville rally or Charlottesville riots, was a white nationalist rally that occurred in Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, from August 11 to 12, 2017.
United Nations Operation in Somalia I (UNOSOM I) was the first part of a United Nations (UN) sponsored effort to provide, facilitate, and secure humanitarian relief in Somalia, as well as to monitor the first UN-brokered ceasefire of the Somali Civil War conflict in the early 1990s.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is the leader of the U.S. delegation, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations.
The United States anti-abortion movement (or the pro-life movement or right-to-life movement) contains elements opposing elective or therapeutic abortion on both moral and sectarian grounds and supports its legal prohibition or restriction.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States courts of appeals or circuit courts are the intermediate appellate courts of the United States federal court system.
The Office of Special Counsel is an office of the United States Department of Justice.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
In the United States, the title of federal judge means a judge (pursuant to Article Three of the United States Constitution) appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate pursuant to the Appointments Clause in Article II of the United States Constitution.
The Committee on Ways and Means is the chief tax-writing committee of the United States House of Representatives.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States Invasion of Panama, code named Operation Just Cause occurred between mid-December 1989 and late January 1990.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Navy Reserve (USNR), known as the United States Naval Reserve from 1915 to 2005, is the Reserve Component (RC) of the United States Navy.
The United States order of precedence lists the ceremonial order for domestic and foreign government officials (military and civilian) at diplomatic, ceremonial, and social events within the United States and abroad.
In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (probably 1937) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term.
The United States presidential election of 1932 was the thirty-seventh quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1932.
The United States presidential election of 1980 was the 49th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1984 was the 50th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1988 was the 51st quadrennial United States presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1992 was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1996 was the 53rd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.
The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce.
The Secretary of Defense (SecDef) is the leader and chief executive officer of the Department of Defense, the executive department of the Armed Forces of the United States of America.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, informally the Senate Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of 21 U.S. Senators whose role is to oversee the Department of Justice (DOJ), consider executive nominations, and review pending legislation.
The 1964 United States Senate election in Texas was held on November 3, 1964.
The 1970 United States Senate election in Texas was held on November 3, 1970.
As part of the 1984 United States presidential election, on October 11, 1984, the Democratic Party nominee for Vice President of the United States, Representative Geraldine Ferraro from New York, and the Republican Party nominee, incumbent Vice President George H.W. Bush, participated in a televised campaign debate.
The University of Kansas, also referred to as KU or Kansas, is a public research university in the U.S. state of Kansas.
The University of Macau (UM, UMac or UMacau, Universidade de Macau) is a public research university in Macau and the leading tertiary institution in the city.
The University of Virginia (U.Va. or UVA), frequently referred to simply as Virginia, is a public research university and the flagship for the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Uranium mining is the process of extraction of uranium ore from the ground.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
USS Sable (IX-81) was a training ship of the United States Navy during World War II.
Vaughn Richard Walker (born 1944) served as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California from 1989 to 2011.
Ventura, officially the City of San Buenaventura, is the county seat of Ventura County, California, United States.
Vernon A. Walters (January 3, 1917 – February 10, 2002) was a United States Army officer and a diplomat.
The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.
Victory over Japan Day (also known as V-J Day, Victory in the Pacific Day, or V-P Day) is the day on which Imperial Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect ending the war.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Volunteering is generally considered an altruistic activity where an individual or group provides services for no financial or social gain "to benefit another person, group or organization".
Walter Frederick "Fritz" Mondale (born January 5, 1928) is an American politician, diplomat, and lawyer who served as the 42nd Vice President of the United States from 1977 to 1981, and as a United States Senator from Minnesota (1964–76).
War on Drugs is an American term usually applied to the U.S. federal government's campaign of prohibition of drugs, military aid, and military intervention, with the stated aim being to reduce the illegal drug trade.
Washington College is a private, independent liberal arts college located on a campus in Chestertown, Maryland, on the Eastern Shore.
The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in the City and Diocese of Washington, commonly known as Washington National Cathedral, is a cathedral of the Episcopal Church located in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early 1970s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. on June 17, 1972, and President Richard Nixon's administration's subsequent attempt to cover up its involvement.
West Oaks is a small subdivision in Houston, Texas.
West Texas is a loosely defined part of the U.S. state of Texas, generally encompassing the arid and semiarid lands west of a line drawn between the cities of Wichita Falls, Abilene, and Del Rio.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
The White House Chief of Staff has traditionally been the highest-ranking non-elected employee of the White House.
The White House Press Secretary is a senior White House official whose primary responsibility is to act as spokesperson for the executive branch of the United States government administration, especially with regard to the President, senior executives, and policies.
William Albert "Bill" Steiger (May 15, 1938 – December 4, 1978) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1967 until his death from a heart attack in Washington, D.C. in 1978.
William John Bennett (born July 31, 1943) is an American conservative pundit, politician, and political theorist, who served as Secretary of Education from 1985 to 1988 under President Ronald Reagan.
William Egan Colby (January 4, 1920 – April 27, 1996) was an American intelligence officer who served as Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from September 1973 to January 1976.
William Francis Buckley (May 30, 1928June 3, 1985) was a United States Army officer, a Paramilitary Officer in Special Activities Division and a CIA station chief in Beirut from 1984 until 1985.
William Kane Reilly (born January 26, 1940) was Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under President George H. W. Bush.
William Pelham Barr (born May 23, 1950) is an American attorney who served as the 77th Attorney General of the United States.
Edward William "Bill" Proxmire (November 11, 1915 – December 15, 2005) was an American politician.
William Reynolds Archer Jr. (born March 22, 1928) is a retired American lawyer and politician.
Williamsburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
William R. Horton (born August 12, 1951) is an American convicted felon who, while serving a life sentence for murder (without the possibility of parole), was the beneficiary of a Massachusetts weekend furlough program.
The World Golf Hall of Fame is located at World Golf Village near St. Augustine, Florida, in the United States, and it is unusual among sports halls of fame in that a single site honors both men and women.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
WorldCat is a union catalog that itemizes the collections of 72,000 libraries in 170 countries and territories that participate in the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) global cooperative.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
Yitzhak Rabin (יצחק רבין,; 1 March 1922 – 4 November 1995) was an Israeli politician, statesman and general.
Yitzhak Shamir (יצחק שמיר,; born Yitzhak Yezernitsky; October 22, 1915 – June 30, 2012) was an Israeli politician and the seventh Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms, 1983–84 and 1986–1992.
Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (p; – 9 February 1984) was a Soviet politician and the fourth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
The One Hundred First United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The 1980 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States convened at Joe Louis Arena in Detroit, Michigan, from July 14 to July 17, 1980.
The 1987 Pan American Games, officially known as the X Pan American Games, was a major international multi-sport event which was celebrated in Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, from 7 August to 23 August 1987.
The 1988 Republican National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held in the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana from August 15 to August 18, 1988.
The 1990 State of the Union address was given by President George H. W. Bush to a joint session of the 101st United States Congress on January 31, 1990.
The cruise missiles strike on Iraq in June 1993 were ordered by U.S. President Bill Clinton as both a retaliation and a warning triggered by the attempted assassination by alleged Iraqi agents on former U.S. President George H. W. Bush while on a visit to Kuwait in 14–16 April 1993.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
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