218 relations: Abdul Hamid II, Absolute monarchy, Acropolis of Athens, Adriatic Sea, Ahmed Cevad Pasha, Albert, Prince Consort, Alexander II of Russia, Alexander III of Russia, Alexander of Greece, Alexandra of Denmark, Alexandros Koumoundouros, Alexandros Schinas, Alexandros Zaimis, Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Amalienborg, Arabian horse, Argos, Aristeidis Moraitinis, Arta, Greece, Athens, Bavaria, Benizelos Roufos, Bulgaria, Charilaos Trikoupis, Charles de Freycinet, Charles William, Prince of Nassau-Usingen, Christian IX of Denmark, Congress of Berlin, Constantine I of Greece, Constantine Kanaris, Constitutional monarchy, Copenhagen, Corfu, Corinth, Corinth Canal, Count Karl Leopold von Schlieben, Countess Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg, Countess Charlotte of Dohna-Leistenau, Countess Friederike of Schlieben, Coup d'état, Cousin, Cretan Revolt (1866–1869), Crete, Crimean War, Danish royal family, Denmark, Dimitrios Rallis, Dimitrios Valvis, Dimitrios Voulgaris, Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, ..., Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastern Rumelia, Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby, Edward VII, Eleftherios Venizelos, Epameinondas Deligeorgis, Epirus, Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Ernst Leopold, 4th Prince of Leiningen, First Balkan War, First Lord of the Admiralty, Flag of Denmark, Flag of Greece, Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, Frederick V of Denmark, Frederick VII of Denmark, Frederick VIII of Denmark, Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark, Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, George II of Great Britain, George II of Greece, George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, George V, Georgios Theotokis, Golden jubilee, Goudi coup, Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia, Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia (1863–1919), Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, Great power, Greco-Turkish War (1897), Greece, Greek Constitution of 1864, Greek head of state referendum, 1862, Greek language, Greek legislative election, August 1910, Greek legislative election, November 1910, Greek War of Independence, Gregorian calendar, Heir presumptive, Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy, Hellenic Parliament, Henri d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale, Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Henry Knight Storks, History of modern Greece, House of Glücksburg, House of Oldenburg, House of Romanov, Hymettus, Ioannina, Ionian Islands, Irredentism, Josslyn Pennington, 5th Baron Muncaster, Jules Ferry, Julian calendar, Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Kalamata, Kingdom of Bulgaria, Kingdom of Greece, Kingdom of Montenegro, Kingdom of Prussia, Kingdom of Serbia, Konstantinos Konstantopoulos, Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis, List of kings of Greece, List of Lord High Commissioners of the Ionian Islands, London Conference of 1832, Lord President of the Council, Louise of Great Britain, Louise of Hesse-Kassel, Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, Lutheranism, Macedonia (Greece), Marathon, Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark), Maximilian I of Mexico, Megali Idea, Metropolitan Cathedral of Athens, Minority government, Mon Repos, Corfu, Monarchy of Denmark, Motto, Mount Olympus, Nafplio, Nationalist Party (Greece), Nicholas II of Russia, Nikolaos Deligiannis, Old Royal Palace, Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Olympic Games, Order of the Elephant, Order of the Redeemer, Otto of Greece, Ottoman Empire, Panathenaic Stadium, Peloponnese, Perikles Ioannidis, Petalioi Gulf, Phalerum, Piraeus, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel, Prince Christopher of Greece and Denmark, Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel, Prince George of Greece and Denmark, Prince Julius of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark, Prince Valdemar of Denmark, Prince William of Hesse-Kassel, Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark, Princess Alice of Battenberg, Princess Anastasia of Greece and Denmark, Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen, Princess Charlotte of Denmark, Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Princess Françoise of Orléans (1902–1953), Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel, Princess Louise of Denmark (1750–1831), Princess Maria of Greece and Denmark, Princess Marie Bonaparte, Princess Mary of Great Britain, Princess Thyra of Denmark, Queen Victoria, Royal Danish Navy, Royal Navy, Russian Empire, Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), Saint Petersburg, Second French Empire, Sophia of Prussia, Sotirios Sotiropoulos, Sparta, Peloponnese, Spyridon Louis, Stefanos Dragoumis, Tatoi Palace, The New York Times, The Times, Theodoros Diligiannis, Thessaloniki, Thessaly, Thrasyvoulos Zaimis, Timoleon Vassos, Toulon, Treaty of Berlin (1878), Treaty of Bucharest (1913), Tripoli, Greece, Tsarskoye Selo, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United States of the Ionian Islands, Universal manhood suffrage, White Tower of Thessaloniki, Wilhelm Sponneck, Winter Palace, World War I, Yannis Makriyannis, Yellow Palace, Copenhagen, Young Turk Revolution, Zinovios Valvis, 1896 Summer Olympics. 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Abdul Hamid II (عبد الحميد ثانی, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i sânî; İkinci Abdülhamit; 21 September 184210 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state.
Absolute monarchy, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Ahmed Javad Pasha (Kabaağaçlızade Ahmet Cevat Paşa), also known as Kabaaghachlyzadeh Ahmed Javad Pasha and Javad Shakir Pasha (1851 – 10 August 1900), was an Ottoman career officer and statesman.
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria.
Alexander II (p; 29 April 1818 – 13 March 1881) was the Emperor of Russia from the 2nd March 1855 until his assassination on 13 March 1881.
Alexander III (r; 1845 1894) was the Emperor of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland from until his death on.
Alexander (Αλέξανδρος, Aléxandros; 1 August 189325 October 1920) was King of Greece from 11 June 1917 until his death three years later, at the age of 27, from the effects of a monkey bite.
Alexandra of Denmark (Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise Julia; 1 December 1844 – 20 November 1925) was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress of India as the wife of King Edward VII.
Alexandros Koumoundouros (Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος, 1817 – 26 February 1883) was a Greek politician.
Alexandros Schinas (Αλέξανδρος Σχινάς) (1870 in Volos – May 6, 1913 in Thessaloniki), was a GreekKing of Greece Murdered at Salonika; Slayer Mad; Political Results Feared By Marconi Transatlantic Wireless Telegraph New York Times March 19, 1913; pg.
Alexandros Zaimis (Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης; 9 November 1855 – 15 September 1936) was a Greek Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Justice, and High Commissioner of Crete.
Alfred (Alfred Ernest Albert; 6 August 184430 July 1900) reigned as Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1893 to 1900.
Amalienborg is the home of the Danish royal family, and is located in Copenhagen, Denmark.
The Arabian or Arab horse (الحصان العربي, DMG ḥiṣān ʿarabī) is a breed of horse that originated on the Arabian Peninsula.
Argos (Modern Greek: Άργος; Ancient Greek: Ἄργος) is a city in Argolis, the Peloponnese, Greece and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
Aristeidis Moraitinis (Greek: Αριστείδης Μωραïτίνης) (1806–1875) was born in Smyrna, Ottoman Empire (now İzmir, Turkey).
Arta (Άρτα) is a city in northwestern Greece, capital of the regional unit of Arta, which is part of Epirus region.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Benizelos Roufos (1795–1868) was a Greek politician and the 18th Prime Minister of Greece.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
Charilaos Trikoupis (Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης; July 11, 1832 – March 30, 1896) was a Greek politician who served as a Prime Minister of Greece seven times from 1875 until 1895.
Charles Louis de Saulces de Freycinet (14 November 1828 – 14 May 1923) was a French statesman and four times Prime Minister during the Third Republic.
Charles William (9 November 1735 in Usingen – 17 May 1803) was Prince of Nassau-Usingen from 1775 until his death.
Christian IX (8 April 181829 January 1906) was King of Denmark from 1863 to 1906.
The Congress of Berlin (13 June – 13 July 1878) was a meeting of the representatives of six great powers of the time (Russia, Great Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Germany), the Ottoman Empire and four Balkan states (Greece, Serbia, Romania and Montenegro).
Constantine I (Κωνσταντίνος Αʹ, Konstantínos I; – 11 January 1923) was King of Greece from 1913 to 1917 and from 1920 to 1922.
Constantine Kanaris or Canaris (Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης; 1793 or 1795September 2, 1877) was a Greek Prime Minister, admiral and politician who in his youth was a freedom fighter in the Greek War of Independence.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
Corfu or Kerkyra (translit,; translit,; Corcyra; Corfù) is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea.
Corinth (Κόρινθος, Kórinthos) is an ancient city and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, which is located in south-central Greece.
The Corinth Canal (Διώρυγα της Κορίνθου, Dhioryga tis Korinthou) is a canal that connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea.
Count Karl Leopold von Schlieben (Karl Leopold Graf von Schlieben; 3 February 1723 – 18 April 1788) was the Royal Prussian Minister of War between 1769 and 1772.
Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg (22 May 1734, Heidesheim – 8 May 1810 Frankfurt) was a German Countess.
Countess Friederike Charlotte Antoinette of Dohna-Schlodien in Leistenau (Friederike, Burggräfin und Gräfin zu Dohna-Schlodien) Schwennicke, Detlev (ed.) (1980).
Countess Friederike Amalie of SchliebenBurke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), Burke's Peerage,, p. 328 (Friederike Amalie Gräfin von Schlieben; 28 February 1757 – 17 December 1827) was the consort of Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Commonly, "cousin" refers to a "first cousin" or equivalently "full cousin", people whose most recent common ancestor is a grandparent.
The Cretan Revolt of 1866–1869 (Κρητική Επανάσταση του 1866) or Great Cretan Revolution (Μεγάλη Κρητική Επανάσταση) was a three-year uprising in Crete against Ottoman rule, the third and largest in a series of Cretan revolts between the end of the Greek War of Independence in 1830 and the establishment of the independent Cretan State in 1898.
Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.
The Danish royal family consists of the dynastic family of the monarch.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Dimitrios Rallis (Greek: Δημήτριος Ράλλης; 1844–1921) was a Greek politician.
Dimitrios Valvis (Δημήτριος Βάλβης; 1808 or 1814 – 30 November 1892) was a Greek politician and judge, who served briefly as Prime Minister of Greece in May 1886.
Dimitrios Voulgaris (Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης; December 20, 1802 – January 10, 1877) was a Greek revolutionary fighter during the Greek War of Independence of 1821 who became a politician after independence.
Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (24 August 1758 – 29 November 1794) was a Princess and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and by marriage Hereditary Princess of Denmark and Norway.
Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Herzog Ludwig von Mecklenburg-Schwerin; 6 August 172512 September 1778) was heir to the Dukedom of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1756 to his death.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Eastern Rumelia (Източна Румелия, Iztochna Rumeliya; روم الى شرقى, Rumeli-i Şarkî; Ανατολική Ρωμυλία, Anatoliki Romylia) was an autonomous territory (oblast in Bulgarian, vilayet in Turkish) in the Ottoman Empire, created in 1878 by the Treaty of Berlin and de facto ended in 1885, when it was united with the principality of Bulgaria, also under Ottoman suzerainty.
Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby, (21 July 1826 – 21 April 1893), known as Lord Stanley from 1851 to 1869, was a British statesman.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
Eleftherios Kyriakou Venizelos (full name Elefthérios Kyriákou Venizélos, Ελευθέριος Κυριάκου Βενιζέλος,; 23 August 1864 – 18 March 1936) was an eminent Greek leader of the Greek national liberation movement and a charismatic statesman of the early 20th century remembered for his promotion of liberal-democratic policies.
Epameinondas Deligeorgis (Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγεώργης,; January 10, 1829, Tripoli, Arcadia – May 14, 1879, Athens) was a Greek lawyer, newspaper reporter and politician, who served as the 20th Prime Minister of Greece.
Epirus is a geographical and historical region in southeastern Europe, now shared between Greece and Albania.
Ernest II (German: Ernst August Karl Johann Leopold Alexander Eduard; 21 June 1818 – 22 August 1893) was the sovereign duke of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, reigning from 1844 to his death.
Ernst Leopold, 4th Prince of Leiningen (Ernst Leopold Victor Carl August Joseph Emich, Furst zu Leiningen) (Amorbach, 9 November 1830 – Amorbach 5 April 1904) was a German nobleman.
The First Balkan War (Балканска война; Αʹ Βαλκανικός πόλεμος; Први балкански рат, Prvi Balkanski rat; Birinci Balkan Savaşı), lasted from October 1912 to May 1913 and comprised actions of the Balkan League (the kingdoms of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro) against the Ottoman Empire.
The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty Department as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services.
The flag of Denmark (Dannebrog) is red with a white Scandinavian cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side.
The national flag of Greece, popularly referred to as the "sky-blue-white" or the "blue-white" (Γαλανόλευκη or Κυανόλευκη), officially recognised by Greece as one of its national symbols, is based on nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white.
Frederick II (Landgraf Friedrich II von Hessen-Kassel) (14 August 1720 – 31 October 1785) was Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) from 1760 to 1785.
Frederick V (Danish and Norwegian: Frederik; 31 March 172314 January 1766) was king of Denmark–Norway and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from 1746 until his death.
Frederick VII (Frederik Carl Christian) (6 October 1808 – 15 November 1863) was King of Denmark from 1848 to 1863.
Frederick VIII (Christian Frederik Vilhelm Carl) (3 June 1843 – 14 May 1912) was King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912.
Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark (Frederik; 11 October 1753 – 7 December 1805) was heir presumptive to the thrones of Denmark and Norway.
Friedrich Karl Ludwig of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (20 August 1757 – 24 April 1816) was the ninth and penultimate Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.
Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (Friedrich Wilhelm Paul Leopold; 4 January 1785 – 17 February 1831) inherited the title of Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck in 1816.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.
George II (Γεώργιος Βʹ, Geórgios II; 19 July 1890 (NS) – 1 April 1947) reigned as King of Greece from 1922 to 1924 and from 1935 to 1947.
George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, (24 October 1827 – 9 July 1909), styled Viscount Goderich from 1833 to 1859 and known as the Earl of Ripon in 1859 and as the Earl de Grey and Ripon from 1859 to 1871, was a British politician who served in every Liberal cabinet from 1861 until the year before his death, which took place forty-eight years later.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
Georgios Theotokis (Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης, 1844 in Corfu – 12 January 1916 in Athens) was a Greek politician and Prime Minister of Greece, serving the post four times.
A golden jubilee is a celebration held to mark a 50th anniversary.
The Goudi coup (κίνημα στο Γουδί) was a military coup d'état that took place in Greece on the night of, starting at the barracks in Goudi, a neighbourhood on the eastern outskirts of Athens.
Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia (17 January 1882 – 13 March 1957), sometimes known as Helen, Helena, Helene, Ellen, Yelena, Hélène, or Eleni, was a Russian grand duchess as the only daughter and youngest child of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia and Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (later Duchess of Edinburgh and Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; Мария Александровна; – 24 October 1920) was the fifth child and only surviving daughter of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine.
Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia (Георгий Михайлович) (23 August 1863 – 28 January 1919) was a son of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia and a first cousin of Emperor Alexander III.
Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia (Павел Александрович.; 3 October 1860 – 30 January 1919) was the sixth son and youngest child of Emperor Alexander II of Russia by his first wife, Empress Maria Alexandrovna.
Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia (Сергей Александрович; May 11, 1857 – February 17, 1905) was the fifth son and seventh child of Emperor Alexander II of Russia.
A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.
The Greco-Turkish War of 1897, also called the Thirty Days' War and known in Greece as the Black '97 (Mauro '97) or the Unfortunate War (Ατυχής πόλεμος, Atychis polemos) (Turkish: 1897 Osmanlı-Yunan Savaşı or 1897 Türk-Yunan Savaşı), was a war fought between the Kingdom of Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
The Second National Assembly of the Hellenes took place in Athens (1863 - 1864) and dealt both with the election of a new sovereign as well as with the drafting of a new Constitution, thereby implementing the transition from constitutional monarchy to a crowned republic.
From 19 November 1862 (1 December New Style), a plebiscite in Greece was held in support of adopting Prince Alfred of the United Kingdom, later Duke of Edinburgh, as king.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on.
Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on, following elections in August.
The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution (Ελληνική Επανάσταση, Elliniki Epanastasi, or also referred to by Greeks in the 19th century as the Αγώνας, Agonas, "Struggle"; Ottoman: يونان عصياني Yunan İsyanı, "Greek Uprising"), was a successful war of independence waged by Greek revolutionaries against the Ottoman Empire between 1821 and 1830.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
An heir presumptive or heiress presumptive is the person entitled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honour, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an heir apparent, male or female, or of a new heir presumptive with a better claim to the position in question.
The Hellenic Army (Ελληνικός Στρατός, Ellinikós Stratós, sometimes abbreviated as ΕΣ), formed in 1828, is the land force of Greece (with Hellenic being a synonym for Greek).
The Hellenic Navy (HN; Πολεμικό Ναυτικό, Polemikó Naftikó, abbreviated ΠΝ) is the naval force of Greece, part of the Hellenic Armed Forces.
The Hellenic Parliament (Βουλή των Ελλήνων, "Parliament of the Hellenes", transliterated Voulí ton Ellínon) is the parliament of Greece, located in the Old Royal Palace, overlooking Syntagma Square in Athens.
Henri Eugène Philippe Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale (16 January 1822 – 7 May 1897) was a leader of the Orleanists, a political faction in 19th-century France associated with constitutional monarchy.
Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon, (24 June 1831 – 29 June 1890), known as Lord Porchester from 1833 to 1849, was a British politician and a leading member of the Conservative Party.
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, (20 October 1784 – 18 October 1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century.
Lieutenant General Sir Henry Knight Storks (1811 – 6 September 1874) was a British soldier and colonial governor.
The history of modern Greece covers the history of Greece from the recognition of its autonomy from the Ottoman Empire by the Great Powers (Great Britain, France, and Russia) in 1828, after the Greek War of Independence, to the present day.
The House of Glücksburg (also spelled Glücksborg), shortened from House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, is a Dano-German branch of the House of Oldenburg, members of which have reigned at various times in Denmark, Norway, Greece and several northern German states.
The House of Oldenburg is a European dynasty of North German origin.
The House of Romanov (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. also Romanoff; Рома́новы, Románovy) was the second dynasty to rule Russia, after the House of Rurik, reigning from 1613 until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on March 15, 1917, as a result of the February Revolution.
Hymettus, also Hymettos (Υμηττός, transliterated Ymīttós, pronounced), is a mountain range in the Athens area of Attica, East Central Greece.
Ioannina (Ιωάννινα), often called Yannena (Γιάννενα) within Greece, is the capital and largest city of the Ioannina regional unit and of Epirus, an administrative region in north-western Greece.
The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia; Ancient Greek, Katharevousa: Ἰόνιοι Νῆσοι, Ionioi Nēsoi; Isole Ionie) are a group of islands in Greece.
Irredentism is any political or popular movement that seeks to reclaim and reoccupy a land that the movement's members consider to be a "lost" (or "unredeemed") territory from their nation's past.
Josslyn Francis Pennington, 5th Baron Muncaster DL JP (25 December 1834 – 30 March 1917), was a British soldier and Conservative Party politician.
Jules François Camille Ferry (5 April 183217 March 1893) was a French statesman and republican.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (Danish: Juliane Marie; 4 September 1729 – 10 October 1796) was queen of Denmark and Norway between 1752 and 1766, second consort of king Frederick V of Denmark and Norway, mother of the prince-regent Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norway and herself de facto regent 1772–1784.
Kalamata (Καλαμάτα Kalamáta) is the second most populous city of the Peloponnese peninsula, after Patras, in southern Greece and the largest city of the homonymous administrative region.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria (Царство България, Tsarstvo Bǎlgariya), also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October (O.S. 22 September) 1908 when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom.
The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, Kingdom of France and the Russian Empire).
The Kingdom of Montenegro (Serbian: Краљевина Црнa Горa / Kraljevina Crna Gora), was a monarchy in southeastern Europe, present day Montenegro, during the tumultuous years on the Balkan Peninsula leading up to and during World War I. Legally it was a constitutional monarchy, but absolutist in practice.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The Kingdom of Serbia (Краљевина Србија / Kraljevina Srbija), often rendered as Servia in English sources during the time of its existence, was created when Milan I, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was proclaimed king in 1882.
Konstantinos Konstantopoulos (Κωνσταντίνος Κωνσταντόπουλος; 1832, Tripoli, Greece – 11 November 1910, Athens) was a conservative Greek politician and briefly Prime Minister of Greece.
Kyriakoulis Petrou Mavromichalis (1850–1916) was a Greek politician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries who briefly served as the 30th Prime Minister of Greece.
This is a list of kings of the modern state of Greece.
The Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands was the local representative of the British government in the United States of the Ionian Islands between 1816 and 1864, succeeding the earlier office of the Civil Commissioner of the Ionian Islands.
The London Conference of 1832 was an international conference convened to establish a stable government in Greece.
The Lord President of the Council is the fourth of the Great Officers of State of the United Kingdom, ranking below the Lord High Treasurer but above the Lord Privy Seal.
Louise of Great Britain (originally Louisa; 18 December 1724 – 19 December 1751) was Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1746 until her death, as the first wife of King Frederick V. She was the youngest surviving daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach.
Louise of Hesse-Kassel (Luise Wilhelmine Friederike Caroline Auguste Julie von Hessen-Kassel, Louise Wilhelmine Frederikke Caroline Auguste Julie; 7 September 1817 – 29 September 1898) was Queen of Denmark by marriage to King Christian IX of Denmark.
Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria (Prinzregent Luitpold Karl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig von Bayern) (12 March 1821 – 12 December 1912), was the de facto ruler of Bavaria from 1886 to 1912, due to the incapacity of his nephews, King Ludwig II for three days and King Otto for 26 years.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Macedonia (Μακεδονία, Makedonía) is a geographic and historical region of Greece in the southern Balkans.
The marathon is a long-distance race, completed by running, walking, or a run/walk strategy.
Maria Feodorovna (26 November 1847 – 13 October 1928), known before her marriage as Princess Dagmar of Denmark, was a Danish princess and Empress of Russia as spouse of Emperor Alexander III (reigned 1881–1894).
Maximilian I (Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph; 6 July 1832 – 19 June 1867) was the only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire.
The Megali Idea (Μεγάλη Ιδέα, Megáli Idéa, "Great Idea") was an irredentist concept of Greek nationalism that expressed the goal of establishing a Greek state that would encompass all historically ethnic Greek-inhabited areas, including the large Greek populations that were still under Ottoman rule after the Greek War of Independence (1830) and all the regions that traditionally belonged to Greeks in ancient times (the Southern Balkans, Anatolia and Cyprus).
The Metropolitan Cathedral of the Annunciation (Καθεδρικός Ναός Ευαγγελισμού της Θεοτόκου) popularly known as the "Mētrópolis", is the cathedral church of the Archbishopric of Athens and all Greece.
A minority government, or minority cabinet or minority parliament, is a cabinet formed in a parliamentary system when a political party or coalition of parties does not have a majority of overall seats in the parliament.
Mon Repos is a villa on the island of Corfu, Greece.
The Monarchy of Denmark, colloquially known as the Danish Monarchy, is a constitutional institution and a historic office of the Kingdom of Denmark.
A motto (derived from the Latin muttum, 'mutter', by way of Italian motto, 'word', 'sentence') is a maxim; a phrase meant to formally summarize the general motivation or intention of an individual, family, social group or organization.
Mount Olympus (Όλυμπος Olympos, for Modern Greek also transliterated Olimbos, or) is the highest mountain in Greece.
Nafplio (Ναύπλιο, Nauplio or Nauplion in Italian and other Western European languages) is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece that has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf.
The Nationalist Party (Κόμμα Ἐθνικοφρόνων, Kómma Ethnikofrónōn; literally "Party of the Nationally-minded") was a conservative and irredentist Greek political party from 1865 to 1909.
Nicholas II or Nikolai II (r; 1868 – 17 July 1918), known as Saint Nicholas II of Russia in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.
Nikolaos Petrou Deligiannis (Greek: Νικόλαος Πέτρου Δηλιγιάννης, 1845, Athens – 5 January 1910, Paris) was the caretaker Prime Minister of Greece from January to June 1895.
The Old Royal Palace (Παλαιά Ανάκτορα Palaiá Anáktora) is the first royal palace of modern Greece, completed in 1843.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
The Order of the Elephant (Elefantordenen) is a Danish order of chivalry and is Denmark's highest-ranked honour.
The Order of the Redeemer (translit), also known as the Order of the Saviour, is an order of merit of Greece.
Otto (Óthon; 1 June 1815 – 26 July 1867) was a Bavarian prince who became the first modern King of Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Panathenaic Stadium (Παναθηναϊκό Στάδιο, Panathinaïkó Stádio) or Kallimarmaro (Καλλιμάρμαρο, lit. "beautiful marble") is a multi-purpose stadium in Athens, Greece.
The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Πελοπόννησος, Peloponnisos) is a peninsula and geographic region in southern Greece.
Periklis Ioannidis (Περικλής Ιωαννίδης, 1 November 1881 – 7 February 1965) was a Greek admiral who became the second husband of Princess Maria of Greece and Denmark.
The Petalioi Gulf (Κόλπος Πεταλιών - Kolpos Petalion) is a gulf of the Aegean Sea, Greece.
Phalerum (Ancient Greek: Φάληρον, Phálēron; Modern Greek: Φάληρο, Fáliro) was a port of Ancient Athens, 5 km southwest of the Acropolis of Athens, on a bay of the Saronic Gulf.
Piraeus (Πειραιάς Pireás, Πειραιεύς, Peiraieús) is a port city in the region of Attica, Greece.
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (Ανδρέας; – 3 December 1944) of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was the seventh child and fourth son of King George I of Greece and Olga Constantinovna of Russia.
Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel (Carl af Hessen-Kassel; Karl von Hessen-Kassel) (19 December 1744 – 17 August 1836) was a cadet member of the house of Hesse-Kassel and a Danish general field marshal.
Prince Christopher of Greece and Denmark (10 August 1888 – 21 January 1940) was the youngest child of King George I of Greece, belonging to a dynasty which mounted and lost the throne of Greece several times during his lifetime.
Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick; 21 September 1845 – 14 November 1923), was the eldest child and only son of George V of Hanover and his wife, Marie of Saxe-Altenburg.
Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel (11 September 1747 – 20 May 1837) was a younger member of the dynasty that ruled the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and a Danish general.
Prince George of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Πρίγκιπας Γεώργιος; 24 June 1869 – 25 November 1957) was the second son of George I of Greece and Olga Konstantinovna of Russia, and is remembered chiefly for having once saved the life of the future Emperor of Russia, Nicholas II in 1891 during their visit to Japan together.
Prince Julius of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (14 October 1824, Gottorp, Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig – 1 June 1903, Itzehoe, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany) was the eighth of the ten children of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel.
Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (10 August 1727, in Marburg – 12 September 1759, in Stettin) was the son of Peter August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and Princess Sophie of Hesse-Philippsthal.
Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark (Πρίγκιπας Νικόλαος της Ελλάδας και της Δανίας, 22 January 1872 – 8 February 1938), of the Glücksburg branch of the House of Oldenburg, was the fourth child and third son of King George I of Greece, and of Queen Olga.
Prince Valdemar of Denmark, GCTE (27 October 1858 – 14 January 1939) was the third son and youngest child of Christian IX and Louise of Hesse-Kassel.
Prince William of Hesse-Kassel (24 December 1787 – 5 September 1867), was the first son of Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen.
Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia (Алекса́ндра Гео́ргиевна; née Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark (Πριγκίπισσα Αλεξάνδρα της Ελλάδας και της Δανίας); 30 August 1870 – 24 September 1891) was the third child and firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, who herself was a daughter of a Russian grand duke, and was also a grandchild of Denmark's King Christian IX and Queen Louise.
Princess Alice of Battenberg (Victoria Alice Elizabeth Julia Marie; 25 February 1885 – 5 December 1969) was the mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and mother-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II.
Princess Anastasia of Greece and Denmark (20 January 1878 – 29 August 1923) was a wealthy American heiress, Nonie "Nancy" May Stewart Worthington Leeds, who became a member of the Greek and Danish Royal Families through marriage to Prince Christopher of Greece and Denmark, the youngest child of King George I of Greece and his consort, Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia.
Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen (Prinzessin Karoline Polyxena von Nassau-Usingen; 4 April 176217 August 1823) was the elder daughter of Karl Wilhelm, Prince of Nassau-Usingen, and wife of Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Kassel.
Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark (Charlotte af Danmark; 30 October 1789 – 28 March 1864) was a Danish princess, and a princess of Hesse-Kassel by marriage to Prince William of Hesse-Kassel.
Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess in Saxony (24 September 1731 – 2 August 1810) was a German duchess.
Françoise Isabelle Louise Marie d'Orléans; 25 December 1902 – 25 February 1953) was born an Orléans Princess of France and was a Princess of Greece and Denmark by marriage.Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XVII. "Griechenland". C.A. Starke Verlag, 2004, pp. 14-15, 19. (German). She was thus a member of the Greek royal family and a descendent of the "Citizen-King" Louis-Philippe.
Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel (Luise Karoline von Hessen-Kassel; 28 September 1789 – 13 March 1867) was the consort of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the matriarch of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which would eventually become the ruling house of the kingdoms of Denmark, Greece, Norway, and, barring unforeseen circumstances, the United Kingdom.
Princess Louise of Denmark and Norway (Louise af Danmark; Louise av Danmark) (20 January 1750 – 12 January 1831) was born to Frederick V of Denmark and Louise of Great Britain.
Princess Maria of Greece and Denmark (3 March 1876 – 14 December 1940) was the fifth child and second daughter of King George I of Greece and Olga Constantinovna of Russia, and thus a member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
Princess Marie Bonaparte (2 July 1882 – 21 September 1962), known as Princess George of Greece and Denmark upon her marriage, was a French author and psychoanalyst, closely linked with Sigmund Freud.
Princess Mary of Great Britain (5 March 1723 – 14 January 1772) was the second-youngest daughter of King George II of Great Britain and his wife Caroline of Ansbach, and Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel as the wife of Landgrave Frederick II.
Princess Thyra of Denmark,, (29 September 1853 – 26 February 1933 in Gmunden) was the youngest daughter and fifth child of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
The Royal Danish Navy (Søværnet) is the sea-based branch of the Danish Defence force.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 (lit, named for the year 1293 in the Islamic calendar; Руско-турска Освободителна война, Russian-Turkish Liberation war) was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and composed of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
The French Second Empire (Second Empire) was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.
Sophia of Prussia (Sophia Dorothea Ulrike Alice; 14 June 1870 – 13 January 1932) was Queen consort of Greece during 1913–1917 and 1920–1922.
Sotirios Sotiropoulos (Σωτήριος Σωτηρόπουλος; Nafplio, 1831 – Athens, 1898) was a Greek economist and politician who briefly served as Prime Minister of Greece.
Sparta (Σπάρτη, Spártē) is a town and municipality in Laconia, Greece.
Spiridon "Spyros" Louis (Σπυρίδων "Σπύρος" Λούης, sometimes transliterated Loues; 12 January 1873 – 26 March 1940) was a Greek water-carrier who won the first modern-day Olympic marathon at the 1896 Summer Olympics, thereby becoming a national hero.
Stefanos Dragoumis (Στέφανος Δραγούμης; 1842 in AthensSeptember 17, 1923 in Athens) was a judge, writer and the Prime Minister of Greece from January to October 1910.
Tatoi (Τατόι) was the summer palace and 10,000 acre estate of the former Greek Royal Family, and the birthplace of George II of the Hellenes.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Theodoros Diligiannis, also spelled Deligiannis, Delyannis, Delijannis and Deliyannis, (Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης, 2 January 182013 June 1905), was a Greek statesman.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Thessaly (Θεσσαλία, Thessalía; ancient Thessalian: Πετθαλία, Petthalía) is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region of Greece, comprising most of the ancient region of the same name.
Thrasyvoulos Zaimis (Θρασύβουλος Ζαΐμης, 1822–1880) was a Greek politician and the 21st Prime Minister of Greece.
Timoleon Vassos or Vasos (Τιμολέων Βάσσος or Βάσος; 1836–1929) was a Greek Army officer and general.
Toulon (Provençal: Tolon (classical norm), Touloun (Mistralian norm)) is a city in southern France and a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base.
The Treaty of Berlin (formally the Treaty between Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire for the Settlement of Affairs in the East) was signed on July 13, 1878.
The Treaty of Bucharest (Tratatul de la Bucureşti; Bukureštanski mir/ Букурештански мир; Договорът от Букурещ; Συνθήκη του Βουκουρεστίου) was concluded on 10 August 1913, by the delegates of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro and Greece.
Tripoli (Τρίπολη, Trípoli, formerly Τρίπολις, Trípolis; earlier Τριπολιτσά Tripolitsá) is a city in the central part of the Peloponnese, in Greece.
Tsarskoye Selo (a, "Tsar's Village") was the town containing a former Russian residence of the imperial family and visiting nobility, located south from the center of Saint Petersburg.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United States of the Ionian Islands (Inoménon Krátos ton Ioníon Níson, literally "United State of the Ionian Islands"; Stati Uniti delle Isole Ionie) was a state and amical protectorate of the United Kingdom between 1815 and 1864.
Universal manhood suffrage is a form of voting rights in which all adult males within a political system are allowed to vote, regardless of income, property, religion, race, or any other qualification.
The White Tower of Thessaloniki (Λευκός Πύργος Lefkós Pýrgos; Beyaz Kule; Kuli Blanka) is a monument and museum on the waterfront of the city of Thessaloniki, capital of the region of Macedonia in northern Greece.
Wilhelm Carl Eppingen Sponneck (16 February 1815 – 29 February 1888) was a Danish nobleman (rigsgreve) and Minister of Finance.
The Winter Palace (p, Zimnij dvorets) in Saint Petersburg, Russia, was, from 1732 to 1917, the official residence of the Russian monarchs.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yannis Makriyannis (Γιάννης or Ιωάννης Μακρυγιάννης, Giánnēs or Iōánnīs Makrygiánnīs; 1797–1864), born Ioannis Triantaphyllos (Ιωάννης Τριαντάφυλλος, Iōánnēs Triantáfyllos), was a Greek merchant, military officer, politician and author, best known today for his Memoirs.
The Yellow Palace (Det Gule Palæ), or Bergum's Mansion, is an 18th-century town mansion situated at Amaliegade 18, next to Amalienborg Palace, in the Frederiksstaden district of Copenhagen, Denmark.
The Young Turk Revolution (July 1908) of the Ottoman Empire was when the Young Turks movement restored the Ottoman constitution of 1876 and ushered in multi-party politics in a two stage electoral system (electoral law) under the Ottoman parliament.
Zinovios Zafirios I. Valvis (Ζηνόβιος-Ζαφείριος Ι. Βάλβης; 1800 – August 25, 1886) was a Greek politician and the 16th Prime Minister of Greece.
The 1896 Summer Olympics (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 1896), officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was the first international Olympic Games held in modern history.
George I of the Hellenes, George I, King of Hellenes, George I, King of the Hellenes, George i of greece, Georgios A', Basileus ton Ellenon, Geórgios I of Greece, King George I of Greece, Γεώργιος A', Βασιλεύς των Ελλήνων.