555 relations: Abraham Lincoln, Academy Award for Best Actor, Adna R. Chaffee Jr., Adolf Hitler, Afrika Korps, Aide-de-camp, Air chief marshal, Air vice-marshal, Alan Axelrod, Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, Albert Kesselring, Albert, Somme, Alfred Jodl, Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allied-occupied Germany, Allies of World War II, American Battle Monuments Commission, American Broadcasting Company, American Civil War, American entry into World War I, American Expeditionary Forces, American Gold Star Mothers, American Legion, American Revolution, Amphibious warfare, An American Carol, Anthology series, Anti-communism, Antwerp, Arabs, Argentan, Armistice, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Armoured spearhead, Armoured warfare, Arthur Coningham (RAF officer), Arthur Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, Asiatic-Pacific Theater, Avranches, Ayr, Bad Nauheim, Bastogne, Battle for Brest, Battle of Arracourt, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Columbus (1916), Battle of Dunkirk, Battle of El Guettar, Battle of Fort Driant, ..., Battle of Gela (1943), Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Kasserine Pass, Battle of Metz, Battle of Princeton, Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of Trafalgar, Bavaria, Bayonet, Beachhead, Bedford, Massachusetts, Belgium, Benjamin Davis Wilson, Berkley Books, Berlin, Bernard Montgomery, Beverly Farms, Bingen (Rhein) Hauptbahnhof, Biscari massacre, Bloomsbury Publishing, Bonus Army, Border War (1910–19), Boston, Boulder, Colorado, Bourg, Haute-Marne, Brass Target, Brigadier general (United States), British Army during World War I, Bronze Star Medal, Brussels, C-SPAN, Cambrai, Captain (United States O-3), Carl Spaatz, Carlo D'Este, Carolina Maneuvers, Casablanca, Casablanca Conference, Charles de Gaulle, Charles Noguès, Charles Scribner's Sons, Charles Whiting, Chartres, Chaumont, Haute-Marne, Cheppy, Chicago, Chief of staff, Chief of Staff of the United States Army, Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Christmas, Close air support, Colonel (United Kingdom), Colonel (United States), Colt Single Action Army, Columbus, Georgia, Columbus, New Mexico, Combat air patrol, Combat command, Combined arms, Commanding officer, Confederate States Army, Confederate States of America, Courtney Hodges, Crossroads (1955 TV series), Crown Publishing Group, Culpeper, Virginia, Czechoslovakia, Dan Higgins, Darren McGavin, Democratic Party (United States), Denazification, Denver, Desert Training Center, Diekirch, Disinformation, Distinguished Service Cross (United States), Distinguished Service Medal (U.S. Army), District attorney, Dodge, Donald Prell, Double Exposure: The Story of Margaret Bourke-White, Double-Cross System, Douglas MacArthur, Dover, Drew Pearson (journalist), Dulles, Virginia, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Dwight F. Davis, Dyslexia, Echternach, Ed Asner, Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, Edward I of England, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Elwood Richard Quesada, Enfield Town, English Americans, English people, Equestrianism, Erwin Rommel, Essey-et-Maizerais, Falaise Pocket, Falaise, Calvados, Fatalism, Fencing, Field marshal (United Kingdom), Fifteenth United States Army, First lieutenant, First United States Army, First United States Army Group, Folk hero, Fort Bliss, Fort Clark, Texas, Fort George G. Meade, Fort Myer, Fort Riley, Fort Sheridan, Illinois, Fortifications of Metz, Fox Conner, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Frederick Ayer, Free France, French Army in World War I, Fritz Bayerlein, Front Royal, Virginia, Gabès, Gafsa, Gela, General (United Kingdom), General (United States), General George Patton Museum of Leadership, Generalfeldmarschall, Generaloberst, Geoffrey Keyes, George Armstrong Custer, George C. Scott, George Kennedy, George Marshall, George Patton IV, George S. Patton (attorney), George S. Patton slapping incidents, George S. Patton Sr., George S. Patton's speech to the Third Army, George Washington, Gerald McRaney, Gerd von Rundstedt, German Army (Wehrmacht), Gilbert R. Cook, Glamorgan, Glasgow, Governor, Guinness World Records, Hachette (publisher), Half-track, Hamm, Luxembourg, Hammelburg, Hannibal, Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Harper Perennial, HarperCollins, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Harry S. Truman, Hasso von Manteuffel, Hatch Memorial Shell, Hawaiian Division, Headquarters unit, Heart failure, Heidelberg, Heinz Guderian, Henri Giraud, Henry Holt and Company, Henry L. Stimson, Hermann Balck, Hobart R. Gay, Honolulu, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Hugh Aloysius Drum, Hugh Mercer, I Armored Corps (United States), I Corps (United States), II Corps (United States), III Corps (United States), Ike (miniseries), Ike: Countdown to D-Day, IMDb, Imperial Valley, Indirect fire, Infobase Publishing, Ingrid Bergman, Invasion of Normandy, Invasion of Poland, Irish Americans, Is Paris Burning? (film), Italy, Ivan Sergeyevich Obolensky, IX Tactical Air Command, J. F. C. Fuller, J. Walter Christie, Jacob L. Devers, James Hugh O'Neill, Jaundice, Jean Gordon (Red Cross), Jeep, Joan of Arc, Joe Angelo, John Alden (naval architect), John J. McCloy, John J. Pershing, John K. Waters, John Larch, John S. Mosby, John Wiley & Sons, Joseph Stalin, Jubal Early, Julio Cárdenas, Julius Caesar, Kaiserslautern, Kelsey Grammer, Kenneth Strong, Kingdom of Italy, Kirk Douglas, Koblenz, Langres, Last stand, Lawrence Dobkin, Legion of Merit, Legionary, Leonard T. Gerow, Library of Congress, Licata, Lieutenant colonel (United States), Lieutenant general (United States), Life (magazine), Lifesaving Medal, Light tank, List of covers of Time magazine (1940s), Liverpool, Lloyd Fredendall, London, Lorraine, Lorraine Campaign, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Louis DuBois (Huguenot), Louisiana Maneuvers, Lucian Truscott, Ludwigshafen, Luxembourg, Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial, Luxembourg City, Lynne Rienner Publishers, M1911 pistol, M2 Browning, M46 Patton, Machine gun, Magna Carta, Mainz, Major (United States), Major general (United States), Man, Moment, Machine, Manuel Ávila Camacho, Mareth Line, Mark W. Clark, Mathematics, Matthew Ridgway, Mayor of Los Angeles, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, Merkers-Kieselbach, Messina, Metz, Meuse, Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Military chaplain, Military history, Military intelligence, Military logistics, Miracle of the White Stallions, Mitchell Ryan, Mobilization, Model 1913 Cavalry Saber, Modern pentathlon, Modern pentathlon at the 1912 Summer Olympics, Mohammed V of Morocco, Moselle, Muhammad, Napoleon, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, New Mexico, New York City, Nicosia, Sicily, Normandy, North African Campaign, North American P-51 Mustang, Nuremberg, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Oberstleutnant, Officer (armed forces), Oflag XIII-B, Ohrdruf concentration camp, Old Saybrook, Connecticut, Olympic medal, Omar Bradley, Operation Cobra, Operation Fortitude, Operation Market Garden, Operation Overlord, Operation Torch, Order of Ouissam Alaouite, Orlando Ward, Orrouy, Oscar Koch, Osprey Publishing, Otto P. Weyland, Oxford, Palermo, Palgrave Macmillan, Palm Springs, California, Panama City, Florida, Pancho Barnes (1988 film), Pancho Villa, Pancho Villa Expedition, Pannes, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Panzer Battles, Panzerfaust, Paris, Pas-de-Calais, Pasadena, California, Patton (film), Pennsylvania Avenue, Pheasant, Phlebitis, Pickett's Charge, Pilot licensing and certification, Piper J-3 Cub, Plzeň, Polo, Portland, Maine, Portland, Oregon, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Prague, Prisoner of war, Private (rank), Private first class, Provisional Government of the French Republic, Pulmonary edema, Purple Heart, Quartermaster, Quran, Radio wave, Rand McNally, Reconnaissance aircraft, Reconnaissance by fire, Red Army, Regiment, Reims, Reincarnation, Renault, Renault FT, Rennes, Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, Republican Party (United States), Reserve Officers' Training Corps, Rhine, Routledge, Royal Tank Regiment, Saar (river), Saarbrücken, Saarland, Salem, Massachusetts, Samuel Rockenbach, San Gabriel, California, Santo Stefano di Camastra, Saumur, Schofield Barracks, Scipio Africanus, Scoglitti, Scotch-Irish Americans, Scottish people, Second Battle of El Alamein, Second lieutenant, Second Sino-Japanese War, Seine, Self-propelled artillery, Sereno E. Brett, Serrig, Service summary of George S. Patton, Seventh United States Army, Shreveport, Louisiana, Siege of Bastogne, Siegfried Line, Sierra Blanca, Texas, Silver Star, Simon & Schuster, Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr., Smith & Wesson Model 27, Soviet Union, Speyer, Spinal cord, Stackpole Books, Staff (military), Stars and Stripes (newspaper), Stephen McNally, Stockholm, Supreme Allied Commander, Sweden, Swimming (sport), Tandem Library Group, Tank, Tank Corps of the American Expeditionary Forces, Task Force Baum, Tear gas, Tennessee Maneuver Area, Terry Brighton, Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr., Tetraplegia, The Big Picture (TV series), The Last Days of Patton, The Long Way Home (1997 film), The Washington Star, Theodore Roosevelt Jr., Third Battle of Winchester, Thomas Beecham, Track and field, Trier, Tunisian Campaign, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, Twelfth United States Army Group, Ultra, Ulysses S. Grant, Unintentional discharge (firearms), United States Armed Forces, United States Army, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Cavalry School, United States Army Central, United States Army Command and General Staff College, United States Army War College, United States Assistant Secretary of War, United States Cavalry, United States Congress, United States Military Academy, United States Secretary of War, University of Alabama Press, Verdun, Vertebra, Vertebral compression fracture, Vichy France, Victory in Europe Day, Virginia Military Institute, Waller T. Patton, Walter Bedell Smith, Walter F. George, War and Remembrance (miniseries), War correspondent, Washington, D.C., Welsh people, Western Allied invasion of Germany, Western Front (World War I), Western Front (World War II), Western saloon, When and If, William Morrow and Company, Willis D. Crittenberger, Woodrow Wilson, World War I, World War II, Worms, Germany, XII Corps (United States), XIX Tactical Air Command, .22 Long Rifle, .38 caliber, 101st Airborne Division, 13th Cavalry Regiment, 15th Army (Wehrmacht), 15th Cavalry Regiment, 18th Army Group, 1912 Summer Olympics, 1916 Summer Olympics, 1st Armored Division (United States), 1st Army (Wehrmacht), 1st Fallschirm-Panzer Division Hermann Göring, 1st Infantry Division (United States), 21st Army Group, 22nd Virginia Infantry, 26th Infantry Division (United States), 277th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 2nd Armored Division (United States), 3rd Cavalry Regiment (United States), 3rd Infantry Division (United States), 45th Infantry Division (United States), 4th Armored Division (United States), 5th Cavalry Regiment, 66th Armor Regiment, 6th Infantry Regiment (United States), 761st Tank Battalion (United States), 7th Army (Wehrmacht), 80th Division (United States), 8th Cavalry Regiment, 94th Infantry Division (United States). Expand index (505 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
Adna Romanza Chaffee Jr. (September 23, 1884 – August 22, 1941) was a major general in the United States Army, called the "Father of the Armored Force" for his role in developing the U.S. Army's tank forces.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
An aide-de-camp (French expression meaning literally helper in the military camp) is a personal assistant or secretary to a person of high rank, usually a senior military, police or government officer, a member of a royal family, or a head of state.
Air chief marshal (Air Chf Mshl or ACM) is a four-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force, where it is the most senior peacetime air force rank.
Air vice-marshal (AVM) is a two-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
Alan Axelrod (born 1952) is an author of history, business and management books.
Field Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, & Bar (23 July 1883 – 17 June 1963), was a senior officer of the British Army.
Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War II.
Albert is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Alfred Josef Ferdinand Jodl (10 May 1890 – 16 October 1946) was a German general during World War II, who served as the Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht).
The Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine was a phase in the Western European Campaign of World War II.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) is a small independent agency of the United States government that administers, operates, and maintains permanent U.S. military cemeteries, memorials and monuments both inside and outside the United States.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American entry into World War I came in April 1917, after more than two and a half years of efforts by President Woodrow Wilson to keep the United States out of the war.
The American Expeditionary Forces (A. E. F., A.E.F. or AEF) was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen.
American Gold Star Mothers, Inc. (AGSM), is a private nonprofit organization of American mothers who lost sons or daughters in service of the United States Armed Forces.
The American Legion is a U.S. war veterans organization headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
An American Carol is a 2008 American comedy film directed by David Zucker and starring Kevin Farley.
An anthology series is a radio, television or book series that presents a different story and a different set of characters in each episode or season/series.
Anti-communism is opposition to communism.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Argentan is a commune and the seat of two cantons and of an arrondissement in the Orne department in northwestern France.
An armistice is a formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
An armoured spearhead (American English: armored spearhead) is a formation of armoured fighting vehicles, mostly tanks, that form the front of an offensive thrust during a battle.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
Air Marshal Sir Arthur "Mary" Coningham, (19 January 1895 – presumably 30 January 1948) was a senior officer in the Royal Air Force.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Arthur William Tedder, 1st Baron Tedder, (11 July 1890 – 3 June 1967) was a senior Royal Air Force commander.
The Asiatic-Pacific Theater, was the theater of operations of U.S. forces during World War II in the Pacific War during 1941–45.
Avranches is a commune in the Manche department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Ayr (Inbhir Àir, "Mouth of the River Ayr") is a large town and former Royal Burgh on the west coast of Ayrshire in Scotland.
Bad Nauheim is a town in the Wetteraukreis district of Hesse state of Germany.
Bastogne (Dutch: Bastenaken, German: Bastnach or Bastenach, Luxembourgish: Baaschtnech) is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg in the Ardennes.
The Battle for Brest was fought on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of Arracourt took place between U.S. and German armored forces near the town of Arracourt, Lorraine, France between 18 and 29 September 1944, during World War II.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Battle of Columbus (Burning of Columbus or the Columbus Raid), March 9, 1916, began as a raid conducted by Pancho Villa's Division of the North on the small United States border town of Columbus, New Mexico, located north of the border.
The Battle of Dunkirk was a military operation that took place in Dunkirk (Dunkerque), France, during the Second World War.
The Battle of El Guettar was a battle that took place during the Tunisia Campaign of World War II, fought between elements of the Army Group Africa under General Hans-Jürgen von Arnim, along with Italian First Army under General Giovanni Messe, and U.S. II Corps under Lieutenant General George Patton in south-central Tunisia.
The Battle of Fort Driant was a constituent battle in the 1944 Battle of Metz, during the Lorraine Campaign and the greater Siegfried Line Campaign.
The amphibious Battle of Gela was the opening engagement of the United States portion of the Allied Invasion of Sicily.
The Battle of Gettysburg (with an sound) was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
The Battle of Kasserine Pass was a battle of the Tunisia Campaign of World War II that took place in February 1943.
The Battle of Metz was a battle fought during World War II at the city of Metz, France, from late September 1944 through mid-December between the U.S. Third Army commanded by Lieutenant General George Patton and the German Army commanded by General Otto von Knobelsdorff.
The Battle of Princeton was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, fought near Princeton, New Jersey on January 3, 1777.
The Battle of Saint-Mihiel was a major World War I battle fought from 12–15 September 1918, involving the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) and 110,000 French troops under the command of General John J. Pershing of the United States against German positions.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1815).
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
A beachhead is a temporary line created when a military unit reaches a landing beach by sea and begins to defend the area while other reinforcements help out until a unit large enough to begin advancing has arrived.
Bedford is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Benjamin Davis Wilson (December 1, 1811 – March 11, 1878) was an American politician.
Berkley Books is an imprint of Penguin Group (USA) that began as an independent company in 1955.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Beverly Farms is a neighborhood comprising the eastern part of the city of Beverly, Massachusetts.
Bingen (Rhein) Hauptbahnhof is a railway station in the German city of Bingen am Rhein on the West Rhine Railway.
The Biscari massacre was a war crime committed by members of the United States Army during World War II.
Bloomsbury Publishing plc (formerly M.B.N.1 Limited and Bloomsbury Publishing Company Limited) is a British independent, worldwide publishing house of fiction and non-fiction.
The Bonus Army were the 43,000 marchers—17,000 U.S. World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C. in the summer of 1932 to demand cash-payment redemption of their service certificates.
The Border War, or the Border Campaign, refers to the military engagements which took place in the Mexico–United States border region of North America during the Mexican Revolution.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Boulder is the home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Boulder County, and the 11th most populous municipality in the U.S. state of Colorado.
Bourg is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in northeastern France.
Brass Target is a 1978 American post-World War II suspense film, based on the novel The Algonquin Project by Frederick Nolan, that was produced by Berle Adams & Arthur Lewis and directed by John Hough.
In the United States Armed Forces, brigadier general (BG, BGen, or Brig Gen) is a one-star general officer with the pay grade of O-7 in the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force.
The British Army during World War I fought the largest and most costly war in its long history.
The Bronze Star Medal, unofficially the Bronze Star, is a United States decoration awarded to members of the United States Armed Forces for either heroic achievement, heroic service, meritorious achievement, or meritorious service in a combat zone.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
C-SPAN, an acronym for Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a public service.
Cambrai (Kimbré; Kamerijk; historically in English Camerick and Camericke) is a commune in the Nord department and in the Hauts-de-France region of France on the Scheldt river, which is known locally as the Escaut river.
In the United States Army (USA), U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), and U.S. Air Force (USAF), captain (abbreviated "CPT" in the USA and "Capt" in the USMC and USAF) is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3.
Carl Andrew Spaatz (born Spatz; June 28, 1891 – July 14, 1974), nicknamed "Tooey", was an American World War II general.
Carlo D'Este (born 1938 in Oakland, California) is an American military historian and biographer, author of several books, especially on World War II.
The Carolina Maneuvers were a series of United States Army exercises held around Southern North Carolina and Northern South Carolina in 1941.
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
The Casablanca Conference (codenamed SYMBOL) was held at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, French Morocco, from January 14 to 24, 1943, to plan the Allied European strategy for the next phase of World War II.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Charles Noguès (13 August 1876 - 20 April 1971) was a French general.
Charles Scribner's Sons, or simply Scribner's or Scribner, is an American publisher based in New York City, known for publishing American authors including Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Kurt Vonnegut, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Stephen King, Robert A. Heinlein, Thomas Wolfe, George Santayana, John Clellon Holmes, Don DeLillo, and Edith Wharton.
Charles Henry Whiting (18 December 1926 – 24 July 2007), was a British writer and military historian and with some 350 books of fiction and non-fiction to his credit, under his own name and a variety of pseudonyms including Duncan Harding, Ian Harding, John Kerrigan, Leo Kessler, Klaus Konrad, K.N. Kostov, and Duncan Stirling.
Chartres is a commune and capital of the Eure-et-Loir department in France.
Chaumont is a commune of France, and the capital (or préfecture) of the Haute-Marne department.
Cheppy is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president or a senior military officer.
The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) is a statutory office held by a four-star general in the United States Army.
Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
Colonel (Col) is a rank of the British Army and Royal Marines, ranking below brigadier, and above lieutenant colonel.
In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, colonel is the most senior field grade military officer rank, immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and immediately below the rank of brigadier general.
The Colt Single Action Army, also known as the Single Action Army, SAA, Model P, Peacemaker, M1873, and Colt.45 is a single-action revolver with a revolving cylinder holding six metallic cartridges.
Columbus is a consolidated city-county in the west central U.S. state of Georgia.
Columbus is a village in Luna County, New Mexico, United States, about 3 miles north of the Mexican border.
Combat air patrol (CAP) is a type of flying mission for fighter aircraft.
A Combat Command was a combined-arms military organization of comparable size to a brigade or regiment employed by armored forces of the United States Army from 1942 until 1963.
Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different combat arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects (for example, using infantry and armor in an urban environment, where one supports the other, or both support each other).
The commanding officer (CO) or, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit.
The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
General Courtney Hicks Hodges (January 5, 1887 – January 16, 1966) was a decorated senior officer of the United States Army, most prominent for his role in World War II, in which he commanded the U.S. First Army in the Western Europe Campaign.
Crossroads was an American television anthology series based on the activities of clergy from different denominations.
The Crown Publishing Group is a subsidiary of Random House that publishes across several categories including fiction, non-fiction, biography, autobiography and memoir, cooking, health, business, and lifestyle.
Culpeper (formerly Culpeper Courthouse, earlier Fairfax) is the only incorporated town in Culpeper County, Virginia, United States.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
Dan Higgins is an American saxophone and woodwind player.
William Lyle Richardson (May 7, 1922 – February 25, 2006), known professionally as Darren McGavin, was an American film, stage, and television actor best known for his portrayal of the grumpy but loving father in the film A Christmas Story, and for the title role in the television horror series Kolchak: The Night Stalker.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Denazification (Entnazifizierung) was an Allied initiative to rid German and Austrian society, culture, press, economy, judiciary, and politics of any remnants of the National Socialist ideology (Nazism).
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
The Desert Training Center (DTC), also known as California-Arizona Maneuver Area (CAMA), was a World War II training facility established in the Mojave Desert and Sonoran Desert, largely in Southern California and Western Arizona in 1942.
Diekirch (Dikrech; from Diet-Kirch, i.e. "people's church") is a commune with town status in north-eastern Luxembourg, capital city of the canton Diekirch and, until its abolition in 2015, the district of Diekirch.
Disinformation is false information spread deliberately to deceive.
The Distinguished Service Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Army (and previously the United States Air Force), for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force.
The Distinguished Service Medal (DSM) is a military award of the United States Army that is presented to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the United States military, has distinguished himself by exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility.
In the United States, a district attorney (DA) is the chief prosecutor for a local government area, typically a county.
Dodge is an American brand of automobile manufactured by Fiat Chrysler (formerly known as Chrysler Group LLC), based in Auburn Hills, Michigan.
Donald B. Prell (born July 7, 1924) is a venture capitalist, author and futurist who created Datamation, the first magazine devoted solely to the computer hardware and software industry.
Double Exposure: The Story of Margaret Bourke-White is a 1989 made-for-television film biography about the life of photographer Margaret Bourke-White.
The Double-Cross System or XX System was a World War II counter-espionage and deception operation of the British Security Service, a civilian organisation usually referred to by its cover title MI5.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
Andrew Russell "Drew" Pearson (December 13, 1897 – September 1, 1969) was one of the best-known American columnists of his day, noted for his syndicated newspaper column “Washington Merry-Go-Round,” in which he criticized various public persons.
Dulles is an unincorporated area in Loudoun County, Virginia, which is part of the Washington metropolitan area.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
Dwight Filley Davis, Sr. (July 5, 1879 – November 28, 1945) was an American tennis player and politician.
Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.
Echternach (Iechternach) is a commune with town status in the canton of Echternach, which is part of the district of Grevenmacher, in eastern Luxembourg.
Yitzhak Edward Asner (born November 15, 1929) is an American actor, activist, voice actor and a former president of the Screen Actors Guild.
Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (5 August 1301 – 19 March 1330) was the sixth son of Edward I of England, and a younger half-brother of Edward II.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Elwood Richard Quesada, CB, CBE (April 13, 1904 – February 9, 1993), nicknamed "Pete", was a United States Air Force Lt. General, FAA administrator, and, later, a club owner in Major League Baseball.
Enfield Town, also known as Enfield, is the historic centre of the London Borough of Enfield.
English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
Equestrianism (from Latin equester, equestr-, equus, horseman, horse), more often known as riding, horse riding (British English) or horseback riding (American English), refers to the skill of riding, driving, steeplechasing or vaulting with horses.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
Essey-et-Maizerais is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Falaise is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Fatalism is a philosophical doctrine that stresses the subjugation of all events or actions to destiny.
Fencing is a group of three related combat sports.
Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736.
The Fifteenth United States Army was the last field army to see service in northwest Europe during World War II and was the final command of General George S. Patton.
First lieutenant is a commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces and, in some forces, an appointment.
The First Army is the oldest and longest established field army of the United States Army, having seen service in both World War I and World War II, under some of the most famous and distinguished officers of the U.S. Army.
First United States Army Group (often abbreviated FUSAG) was a fictitious (paper command) Allied Army Group in World War II prior to D-Day, part of Operation Quicksilver, created to deceive the Germans about where the Allies would land in France.
A folk hero or national hero is a type of hero – real, fictional or mythological – with the sole salient characteristic being the imprinting of his or her name, personality and deeds in the popular consciousness of a people.
Fort Bliss is a United States Army post in the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas, with its headquarters located in El Paso, Texas.
Fort Clark was a frontier fort located just off U.S. Route 90 near Brackettville, in the county of Kinney, in the U.S. state of Texas.
Fort George G. Meade is a United States Army installation located in Maryland, that includes the Defense Information School, the Defense Media Activity, the United States Army Field Band, and the headquarters of United States Cyber Command, the National Security Agency, the Defense Courier Service, and Defense Information Systems Agency headquarters.
Fort Myer is the previous name used for a U.S. Army post next to Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, and across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. Founded during the American Civil War as Fort Cass and Fort Whipple, the post merged in 2005 with the neighboring Marine Corps installation, Henderson Hall, and is today named Joint Base Myer–Henderson Hall.
Fort Riley is a United States Army installation located in North Central Kansas, on the Kansas River, also known as the Kaw, between Junction City and Manhattan.
Fort Sheridan in IL is a residential neighborhood spread among Lake Forest, Highwood, and Highland Park in Lake County, Illinois, United States.
The Fortifications of Metz, a city in northeastern France, are extensive, due to the city's strategic position near the border of France and Germany.
Fox Conner (November 2, 1874 – October 13, 1951) was a major general of the United States Army.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Frederick Ayer (born December 8, 1822, Ledyard, Connecticut; died March 14, 1918, Thomasville, Georgia) was an American businessman and the younger brother of patent medicine tycoon Dr. James Cook Ayer.
Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.
This article is about the French Army in World War I. During World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers allied against the Central Powers.
Fritz Hermann Michael Bayerlein (14 January 1899 – 30 January 1970) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Front Royal is a town in Warren County, Virginia, United States.
Gabès (قابس), also spelled Cabès, Cabes, Kabes, Gabbs and Gaps, is the capital city of the Gabès Governorate in Tunisia.
Gafsa (ڨفصة), originally called Capsa in Latin, is the capital of Gafsa Governorate of Tunisia.
Gela (Γέλα), is a city and comune in the Autonomous Region of Sicily, the largest for area and population in the island's southern coast.
General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, general (abbreviated as GEN in the Army or Gen in the Air Force and Marine Corps) is a four-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-10.
The General George Patton Museum of Leadership is a museum in Fort Knox, Kentucky, dedicated to the memory of General George S. Patton, Jr., and his role as a leader from World War I to the present day.
Generalfeldmarschall (general field marshal, field marshal general, or field marshal;; abbreviated to Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states and the Holy Roman Empire; in the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, the rank Feldmarschall was used.
Generaloberst, in English Colonel General, was, in Germany and Austria-Hungary—the German Reichswehr and Wehrmacht, the Austro-Hungarian Common Army, and the East German National People's Army, as well as the respective police services—the second highest general officer rank, ranking above full general but below general field marshal.
Lieutenant General Geoffrey T. Keyes (October 30, 1888 – September 17, 1967) was a highly decorated senior United States Army officer who served with distinction in Sicily and Italian Campaign during World War II.
George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 – June 25, 1876) was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars.
George Campbell Scott (October 18, 1927 – September 22, 1999) was an American stage and film actor, director, and producer.
George Harris Kennedy Jr. (February 18, 1925 – February 28, 2016) was an American actor who appeared in more than 200 film and television productions.
George Catlett Marshall Jr. (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American statesman and soldier.
George Smith Patton IV (December 24, 1923 – June 27, 2004) was a major general in the United States Army and the son of World War II General George S. Patton, Jr..
George Smith Patton (born George William Patton; September 30, 1856 – June 10, 1927) was a California attorney, businessman and political figure.
In early August 1943, Lieutenant General George S. Patton slapped two United States Army soldiers under his command during the Sicily Campaign of World War II.
Patton's Speech to the Third Army was a series of speeches given by General George S. Patton to troops of the United States Third Army in 1944, prior to the Allied invasion of France.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
Gerald Lee McRaney (born August 19, 1947) is an American television and movie actor.
Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (12 December 1875 – 24 February 1953) was a Field Marshal in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Major General Gilbert R. Cook (December 30, 1889 – September 19, 1963) was a senior United States Army officer.
Glamorgan, or sometimes Glamorganshire, (Morgannwg or Sir Forgannwg) is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county of Wales.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
Hachette is a French publisher.
A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels at the front for steering and continuous tracks at the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the load.
Hamm is a quarter in eastern Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg.
Hammelburg is a town in the district of Bad Kissingen, in Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany.
Hannibal Barca (𐤇𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋 𐤁𐤓𐤒 ḥnb‘l brq; 247 – between 183 and 181 BC) was a Carthaginian general, considered one of the greatest military commanders in history.
Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction in both the First World War and the Second World War and, afterwards, as Governor General of Canada, the 17th since Canadian Confederation.
Harper Perennial is a paperback imprint of the publishing house HarperCollins Publishers.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Harrisburg (Pennsylvania German: Harrisbarrig) is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and the county seat of Dauphin County.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Hasso von Manteuffel (14 January 1897 – 24 September 1978) was a German general during World War II who commanded the 5th Panzer Army.
The Edward A. Hatch Memorial Shell (commonly referred to as the "Hatch Shell") is an outdoor concert venue on the Charles River Esplanade in the Back Bay section of Boston, Massachusetts.
The Hawaiian Division was a division of the United States Army, dedicated to the defense of Hawaii.
A headquarters unit is a specialised military unit formed around the headquarters of a commanding officer and the requirements of that position.
Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
Heidelberg is a college town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany.
Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888 – 14 May 1954) was a German general during the Nazi era.
Henri Honoré Giraud (18 January 1879 – 11 March 1949) was a French general who was captured in both World Wars, but escaped both times.
Henry Holt and Company is an American book publishing company based in New York City.
Henry Lewis Stimson (September 21, 1867 – October 20, 1950) was an American statesman, lawyer and Republican Party politician.
Hermann Balck (7 December 1893 – 29 November 1982) was a highly decorated officer of the German Army who served in both World War I and World War II, rising to the rank of General der Panzertruppe.
Hobart Raymond Gay (May 16, 1894 – August 19, 1983), nicknamed Hap, was a United States Army lieutenant general.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) is an educational and trade publisher in the United States.
Hugh Aloysius Drum (September 19, 1879 – October 3, 1951) was a career United States Army officer who served in World War I and World War II and attained the rank of lieutenant general.
Hugh Mercer (17 January 1726 – 12 January 1777) was a Scottish soldier and physician.
The I Armored Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that was active in World War II.
I Corps "America's Corps" is a corps of the United States Army headquartered in Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington.
The II Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that was active in both World War I and World War II.
III Corps is a corps of the United States Army headquartered at Fort Hood, Texas.
Ike is a 1979 television miniseries about the life of Dwight D. Eisenhower, with heavy concentration on the time he went to Europe during World War II to serve as Supreme Commander.
Ike: Countdown to D-Day is a 2004 American television film originally aired on the American television channel A&E, directed by Robert Harmon and written by Lionel Chetwynd.
IMDb, also known as Internet Movie Database, is an online database of information related to world films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings.
The Imperial Valley lies in California's Imperial County.
Indirect fire is aiming and firing a projectile without relying on a direct line of sight between the gun and its target, as in the case of direct fire.
Infobase Publishing is an American publisher of reference book titles and textbooks geared towards the North American library, secondary school, and university-level curriculum markets.
Ingrid Bergman (29 August 1915 – 29 August 1982) was a Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
Is Paris Burning? (Paris brûle-t-il ?) is a 1966 French-American epic historical war film directed by René Clément, starring an ensemble cast, about the liberation of Paris in August 1944 by the French Resistance and the Free French Forces during World War II.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Prince Ivan Sergeyevich Obolensky (born 15 May 1925) is an American New York City-based financial analyst and corporate officer.
The IX Tactical Air Command is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
Major-General John Frederick Charles "Boney" Fuller, CB, CBE, DSO (1 September 1878 – 10 February 1966) was a senior British Army officer, military historian, and strategist, notable as an early theorist of modern armoured warfare, including categorizing principles of warfare.
John Walter Christie (May 6, 1865 – January 11, 1944) was an American engineer and inventor.
Jacob Loucks Devers (8 September 1887 – 15 October 1979) was a general in the United States Army who commanded the 6th Army Group in the European Theater during World War II.
Rt. Rev. Msgr. James Hugh O'Neill (January 14, 1892 – April 17, 1972) was an American Catholic priest who served as a chaplain in the United States Army from 1926 to 1952, rising to the rank of brigadier general.
Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a yellowish or greenish pigmentation of the skin and whites of the eyes due to high bilirubin levels.
Jean Gordon (February 4, 1915 - January 8, 1946), a niece by marriage of General Patton, was a Boston socialite and a Red Cross worker during World War II.
Jeep is a brand of American automobiles that is a division of FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group, LLC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc; 6 January c. 1412Modern biographical summaries often assert a birthdate of 6 January for Joan, which is based on a letter from Lord Perceval de Boulainvilliers on 21 July 1429 (see Pernoud's Joan of Arc By Herself and Her Witnesses, p. 98: "Boulainvilliers tells of her birth in Domrémy, and it is he who gives us an exact date, which may be the true one, saying that she was born on the night of Epiphany, 6 January"). – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
Joseph T. Angelo (1896–1978) of Camden, New Jersey was an American veteran of World War I and recipient of the Distinguished Service Cross.
John Gale Alden (1884–1962) was an American naval architect and the founder of Alden Designs.
John Jay McCloy (born John Snader McCloy; March 31, 1895 – March 11, 1989) was an American lawyer and banker who served as Assistant Secretary of War during World War II.
General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.
John Knight Waters (December 20, 1906 – January 9, 1989) was a United States Army four-star general who served as commander, U.S. Army, Pacific from 1964 to 1966.
John Larch (October 4, 1914 – October 16, 2005), also known as Harry Larch, was an American radio, film, and television actor.
John Singleton Mosby (December 6, 1833 – May 30, 1916), also known by his nickname, the "Gray Ghost", was a Confederate army cavalry battalion commander in the American Civil War.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Jubal Anderson Early (November 3, 1816 – March 2, 1894) was a Virginia lawyer and politician who became a Confederate general during the American Civil War.
Julio Cárdenas (unknown – May 14, 1916) was a captain in Pancho Villa's Villista military organization.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Kaiserslautern is a city in southwest Germany, located in the Bundesland (State) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) at the edge of the Palatinate Forest (Pfälzerwald).
Allen Kelsey Grammer (born February 21, 1955) is an American actor, voice actor, comedian, producer, director, writer, singer, and activist.
Major-General Sir Kenneth William Dobson Strong, KBE, CB (9 September 1900 – 11 January 1982) was a senior officer of the British Army who served in the Second World War, rising to become Director General of Intelligence.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch, December 9, 1916) is an American actor, producer, director, and author.
Koblenz (Coblence), spelled Coblenz before 1926, is a German city situated on both banks of the Rhine where it is joined by the Moselle.
Langres is a commune in northeastern France.
A last stand is a military situation in which a body of troops holds a defensive position in the face of overwhelming odds.
Lawrence "Larry" Dobkin (September 16, 1919 – October 28, 2002) was an American television director, character actor and screenwriter whose career spanned seven decades.
The Legion of Merit (LOM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.
The Roman legionary (Latin: legionarius, pl. legionarii) was a professional heavy infantryman of the Roman army after the Marian reforms.
General Leonard Townsend Gerow (July 13, 1888 – October 12, 1972) was a highly decorated senior United States Army officer who served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Licata (Greek: Φιντίας; Latin: Phintias or Plintis; formerly also Alicata) is a city and comune located on the south coast of Sicily, at the mouth of the Salso River (the ancient Himera), about midway between Agrigento and Gela.
In the United States Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force, a lieutenant colonel is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
The Gold Lifesaving Medal and Silver Lifesaving Medal are U.S. decorations issued by the United States Coast Guard.
A light tank is a tank variant initially designed for rapid movement, and now primarily employed in the reconnaissance role, or in support of expeditionary forces where main battle tanks cannot be made available.
This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1940s.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
Lieutenant General Lloyd Ralston Fredendall (December 28, 1883 – October 4, 1963) was a senior officer of the United States Army who fought during World War II.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lorraine (Lorrain: Louréne; Lorraine Franconian: Lottringe; German:; Loutrengen) is a cultural and historical region in north-eastern France, now located in the administrative region of Grand Est.
Lorraine Campaign is a term used by U.S. Army historians to describe operations of the U.S. Third Army in Lorraine during World War II from September 1 through December 18, 1944.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States, with more than 10 million inhabitants as of 2017.
The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is an American outdoor sports stadium located in the Exposition Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States.
Louis DuBois was a Huguenot colonist in New Netherland who, with two of his sons and nine other refugees, founded the town of New Paltz, New York.
The Louisiana Maneuvers were a series of U.S. Army exercises held around Northern and Western-Central Louisiana, including Fort Polk, Camp Claiborne and Camp Livingston, in 1940 and 1941.
General Lucian King Truscott Jr. (January 9, 1895 – September 12, 1965) was a highly decorated senior United States Army officer, who saw distinguished active service during World War II.
Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Rhine opposite Mannheim.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
The Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial is located in Hamm, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg, Luxembourg, Luxemburg), also known as Luxembourg City (Stad Lëtzebuerg or d'Stad, Ville de Luxembourg, Stadt Luxemburg, Luxemburg-Stadt), is the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (also named "Luxembourg"), and the country's most populous commune.
Lynne Rienner Publishers is an independent scholarly and textbook publishing firm based in Boulder, CO.
The M1911 is a single-action, semi-automatic, magazine-fed, recoil-operated pistol chambered for the.45 ACP cartridge.
The M2 Machine Gun or Browning.50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed toward the end of World War I by John Browning.
The M46 was an American medium tank designed to replace the M26 Pershing and M4 Sherman.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Magna Carta Libertatum (Medieval Latin for "the Great Charter of the Liberties"), commonly called Magna Carta (also Magna Charta; "Great Charter"), is a charter agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215.
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden Mainz (Mogontiacum, Mayence) is the capital and largest city of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, major is a field grade military officer rank above the rank of captain and below the rank of lieutenant colonel.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.
Man, Moment, Machine is a television series which aired on The History Channel and was hosted by Hunter Ellis.
Manuel Ávila Camacho (24 April 1897 – 13 October 1955) served as the President of Mexico from 1940 to 1946.
The Mareth Line was a system of fortifications built by France in southern Tunisia, prior to World War II.
Mark Wayne Clark (May 1, 1896 – April 17, 1984) was a United States Army officer who saw service during World War I, World War II, and the Korean War.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
General Matthew Bunker Ridgway (March 3, 1895 – July 26, 1993) was the 19th Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
The Mayor of the City of Los Angeles is the official head and chief executive officer of Los Angeles, California.
Mechanicsburg is a borough in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States, west of Harrisburg.
The Mediterranean Theater of Operations, United States Army (MTOUSA), originally called the North African Theater of Operations (NATOUSA), was the American term for the theater of operations covering North Africa and Italy during World War II.
Merkers-Kieselbach is a former municipality in the Wartburgkreis district of Thuringia, Germany.
Messina (Sicilian: Missina; Messana, Μεσσήνη) is the capital of the Italian Metropolitan City of Messina.
Metz (Lorraine Franconian pronunciation) is a city in northeast France located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers.
The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.
The Meuse-Argonne Offensive (also known as Battles of the Meuse-Argonne and the Meuse-Argonne Campaign) was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front.
A military chaplain ministers to military personnel and, in most cases, their families and civilians working for the military.
Military history is a humanities discipline within the scope of general historical recording of armed conflict in the history of humanity, and its impact on the societies, their cultures, economies and changing local and international relationships.
Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions.
Military logistics is the discipline of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces.
Miracle of the White Stallions is a 1963 film released by Walt Disney starring Robert Taylor (playing Alois Podhajsky), Lilli Palmer, and Eddie Albert.
Mitchell Ryan (born January 11, 1928) is an American film, television, and stage actor, who in his six decades of television is known for playing Burke Devlin in the 1960s gothic soap opera Dark Shadows, and later for his co-starring role as Thomas Gibson's father Edward Montgomery on Dharma & Greg.
Mobilization, in military terminology, is the act of assembling and readying troops and supplies for war.
The Model 1913 Cavalry Saber, commonly referred to as the Patton Saber, was a cavalry saber designed for the U.S. Army by Second Lieutenant (later General) George S. Patton in 1913.
The modern pentathlon is an Olympic sport that comprises five different events; fencing (one-touch épée), freestyle swimming (200m), equestrian show jumping (15 jumps), and a final combined event of pistol shooting and cross country running (3200m).
Modern pentathlon was first contested at the Olympic Games at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm.
Mohammed V (10 August 1909 – 26 February 1961) (محمد الخامس) was Sultan of Morocco from 1927 to 1953; he was recognized as Sultan again upon his return from exile in 1955, and as King from 1957 to 1961.
The Moselle (la Moselle,; Mosel; Musel) is a river flowing through France, Luxembourg, and Germany.
MuhammadFull name: Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāšim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (مُحمّد;;Classical Arabic pronunciation Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nicosia (Gallo-Italic of Sicily: Nẹcọscia; Sicilian: Nicusìa) is a village and comune of the province of Enna in Sicily, southern Italy.
Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "High Command of the Armed Forces") was the High Command of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Oberstleutnant is a German Army and German Air Force rank equal to lieutenant colonel, above Major, and below Oberst.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
Oflag XIII-B was a German Army World War II prisoner-of-war camp for officers (Offizierslager), originally in the Langwasser district of Nuremberg.
Ohrdruf concentration camp was a Nazi forced labor and concentration camp located near Ohrdruf, south of Gotha, in Thuringia, Germany.
Old Saybrook is a town in Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States.
An Olympic medal is awarded to successful competitors at one of the Olympic Games.
General of the Army Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981), nicknamed Brad, was a senior officer of the United States Army during and after World War II.
Operation Cobra was the codename for an offensive launched by the First United States Army (Lieutenant General Omar Bradley) seven weeks after the D-Day landings, during the Normandy Campaign of World War II.
For the Australian immigration checking operation, see Australian Border Force#Operation Fortitude Operation Fortitude was the code name for a World War II military deception employed by the Allied nations as part of an overall deception strategy (code named Bodyguard) during the build-up to the 1944 Normandy landings.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
The Order of Ouissam Alaouite or the Sharifian Order of Al-Alaoui is a military decoration of Morocco which is bestowed by the King of Morocco upon those civilians and military officers who have displayed heroism in combat or have contributed meritorious service to the Moroccan state.
Major General Orlando Ward (November 4, 1891 – February 4, 1972) was a career United States Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.
Orrouy is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Oscar W. Koch (January 10, 1897, Milwaukee, Wisconsin - May 16, 1970, Carbondale, Illinois) was a brigadier general in the U.S. Army and the Third Army intelligence officer (G-2) while the army was commanded by General George S. Patton in World War II.
Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.
Otto Paul Weyland (January 27, 1903 – September 2, 1979) was a United States Air Force general and the post-World War II Commander of Far East Air Forces during the Korean War and of Tactical Air Command.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.
Palgrave Macmillan is an international academic and trade publishing company.
Palm Springs (Cahuilla: Se-Khi)Wilkerson, Lyn (2009).
Panama City is a city and the county seat of Bay County, Florida, United States.
Pancho Barnes is a 1988 American made-for-television biographical film starring Valerie Bertinelli, Ted Wass, James Stephens and Cynthia Harris.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa (born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula; 5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) was a Mexican Revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
The Pancho Villa Expedition—now known officially in the United States as the Mexican Expedition, but originally referred to as the "Punitive Expedition, U.S. Army"—was a military operation conducted by the United States Army against the paramilitary forces of Mexican revolutionary Francisco "Pancho" Villa from March 14, 1916, to February 7, 1917, during the Mexican Revolution of 1910–1920.
Pannes is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.
Panzer Battles (Panzerschlachten) is the English language title of Friedrich von Mellenthin's memoirs of his service as a staff officer in the Panzerwaffe of the German Army during World War II.
The Panzerfaust ("armor fist" or "tank fist", plural: Panzerfäuste) is an inexpensive, single shot, recoilless German anti-tank weapon of World War II.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).
Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located 10 miles (16 kilometers) northeast of Downtown Los Angeles.
Patton is a 1970 American epic biographical DeLuxe Color war film about U.S. General George S. Patton during World War II.
Pennsylvania Avenue is a street in Washington, D.C. that connects the White House and the United States Capitol.
Pheasants are birds of several genera within the subfamily Phasianinae, of the family Phasianidae in the order Galliformes.
Phlebitis or venitis is the inflammation of a vein, usually in the legs.
Pickett's Charge was an infantry assault ordered by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee against Maj. Gen. George G. Meade's Union positions on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg in the state of Pennsylvania during the American Civil War.
Pilot licensing or certification refers to permits on how to operate aircraft that are issued by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) in each country, establishing that the holder has met a specific set of knowledge and experience requirements.
The Piper J-3 Cub is an American light aircraft that was built between 1937 and 1947 by Piper Aircraft.
Plzeň, also called Pilsen in English and German, is a city in western Bohemia in the Czech Republic.
Polo is a team sport played on horseback.
Portland is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Maine, with a population of 67,067 as of 2017.
Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
Private First Class (PFC) is a military rank held by junior enlisted personnel.
The Provisional Government of the French Republic (gouvernement provisoire de la République française or GPRF) was an interim government of Free France between 1944 and 1946 following the liberation of continental France after Operations ''Overlord'' and ''Dragoon'', and lasted until the establishment of the French Fourth Republic.
Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs.
The Purple Heart is a United States military decoration awarded in the name of the president to those wounded or killed while serving, on or after April 5, 1917, with the U.S. military.
Quartermaster is a military or naval term, the meaning of which depends on the country and service.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light.
Rand McNally is an American technology and publishing company that provides mapping, software and hardware for the consumer electronics, commercial transportation and education markets.
A reconnaissance aircraft is a military aircraft designed or adapted to perform aerial reconnaissance.
Reconnaissance by fire (recon by fire), also known as speculative fire, is a warfare tactic used in which military forces may fire on likely enemy positions to provoke a reaction, thus confirming the presence and position of enemy forces.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
A regiment is a military unit.
Reims (also spelled Rheims), a city in the Grand Est region of France, lies east-northeast of Paris.
Reincarnation is the philosophical or religious concept that an aspect of a living being starts a new life in a different physical body or form after each biological death.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
The Renault FT (frequently referred to in post-World War I literature as the FT-17, FT17, or similar) was a French light tank that was among the most revolutionary and influential tank designs in history.
Rennes (Roazhon,; Gallo: Resnn) is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt was a World War II era fighter aircraft produced by the United States from 1941 through 1945.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) are a group of college and university-based officer training programs for training commissioned officers of the United States Armed Forces.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
The Royal Tank Regiment (RTR) is the oldest tank unit in the world, being formed by the British Army in 1916 during the Great War.
The Saar (Sarre; Saar) is a river in northeastern France and western Germany, and a right tributary of the Moselle.
Saarbrücken (Sarrebruck, Rhine Franconian: Saarbrigge) is the capital and largest city of the state of Saarland, Germany.
Saarland (das Saarland,; la Sarre) is one of the sixteen states (Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Salem is a historic, coastal city in Essex County, Massachusetts, in the United States, located on Massachusetts' North Shore.
Samuel Dickerson Rockenbach (27 January 1869 – 16 May 1952) an American Brigadier General and father of the United States Tank Corps.
San Gabriel is a city in Los Angeles County, California.
Santo Stefano di Camastra (Sicilian: Santu Stèfanu di Camastra) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 100 km east of Palermo and about 135 km west of Messina.
Saumur is a commune in the Maine-et-Loire department in western France.
Schofield Barracks is a United States Army installation and census-designated place (CDP) located in the City and County of Honolulu and in the Wahiawa District of the American island of Ookinaahu, Hawaiokinai.
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC), also known as Scipio the African, Scipio Africanus-Major, Scipio Africanus the Elder and Scipio the Great, was a Roman general and later consul who is often regarded as one of the greatest generals and military strategists of all time.
Scoglitti (Scugghitti) is a southern Italian fishing village and hamlet (frazione) of Vittoria, a municipality in the Province of Ragusa, Sicily.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
Self-propelled artillery (also called mobile artillery or locomotive artillery) is artillery equipped with its own propulsion system to move towards its target.
Brigadier General Sereno Elmer Brett (October 31, 1891 – September 9, 1952) was a highly decorated United States Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II and played a key, if little recognized today, role in the development of armored warfare.
Serrig is a municipality in the Trier-Saarburg district, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
George S. Patton served as a commissioned officer in the United States Army for 36 years.
The Seventh Army was a United States army created during World War II that evolved into the United States Army Europe (USAREUR) during the 1950s and 1960s.
Shreveport is the third-largest city in the state of Louisiana and the 122nd-largest city in the United States.
The Siege of Bastogne was an engagement in December 1944 between American and German forces at the Belgian town of Bastogne, as part of the larger Battle of the Bulge.
The term Siegfried Line refers to two different German defensive lines, one during the First World War and the other during the Second World War.
Sierra Blanca is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Hudspeth County, Texas, in the United States.
The Silver Star Medal, unofficially the Silver Star, is the United States Armed Forces's third-highest personal decoration for valor in combat.
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.
Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. (July 18, 1886 – June 18, 1945) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army during World War II.
The Smith & Wesson Model 27 is the original.357 Magnum revolver.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Speyer (older spelling Speier, known as Spire in French and formerly as Spires in English) is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, with approximately 50,000 inhabitants.
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.
Stackpole Books is an trade publishing company in Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.
A military staff (often referred to as general staff, army staff, navy staff, or air staff within the individual services) is a group of officers, enlisted and civilian personnel that are responsible for the administrative, operational and logistical needs of its unit.
Stars and Stripes is an American military newspaper that focuses and reports on matters concerning the members of the United States Armed Forces.
Stephen McNally (July 29, 1911 – June 4, 1994) was an American actor remembered mostly for his appearances in many Westerns and action films.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Supreme Allied Commander is the title held by the most senior commander within certain multinational military alliances.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of ones arms and legs to move the body through water.
Tandem Library Group was an American company based in Topeka, Kansas.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
The Tank Corps of the American Expeditionary Forces was the mechanized unit that engaged in tank warfare for the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) on the Western Front during World War I.
Task Force Baum was a secret and controversial World War II task force set up by U.S. Army general George S. Patton and commanded by Capt. Abraham Baum in late March 1945.
Tear gas, formally known as a lachrymator agent or lachrymator (from the Latin lacrima, meaning "tear"), sometimes colloquially known as mace,"Mace" is a brand name for a tear gas spray is a chemical weapon that causes severe eye and respiratory pain, skin irritation, bleeding, and even blindness.
The Tennessee Maneuver Area was a training area in Middle Tennessee, comprising the following counties: Bedford, Cannon, Coffee, DeKalb, Hickman, Humphreys, Jackson, Lawrence, Maury, Moore, Perry, Putnam, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Warren, Wayne, White, Williamson, and Wilson.
Terry Brighton (born 28 April 1949 in Boston, England) is a British military historian and author.
Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr. (April 1, 1888 – September 12, 1969) was a senior United States Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.
Tetraplegia, also known as quadriplegia, is paralysis caused by illness or injury that results in the partial or total loss of use of all four limbs and torso; paraplegia is similar but does not affect the arms.
The Big Picture is an American documentary television program which aired from 1951 to 1964.
The Last Days of Patton is a 1986 made-for-television film sequel to the 1970 film Patton, which portrays the last few months of the general's life.
The Long Way Home is a 1997 American documentary film directed by Mark Jonathan Harris.
The Washington Star, previously known as the Washington Star-News and the Washington Evening Star, was a daily afternoon newspaper published in Washington, D.C. between 1852 and 1981.
Theodore "Ted" Roosevelt III (September 13, 1887 – July 12, 1944), known as Theodore Roosevelt Jr.,While it was President Theodore Roosevelt who was legally named Theodore Roosevelt Jr., the President's fame made it simpler to call his son "Junior".
The Third Battle of Winchester (or Battle of Opequon), was fought in Winchester, Virginia, on September 19, 1864, during the Valley Campaigns of 1864 in the American Civil War.
Sir Thomas Beecham, 2nd Baronet, CH (29 April 18798 March 1961) was an English conductor and impresario best known for his association with the London Philharmonic and the Royal Philharmonic orchestras.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.
Trier (Tréier), formerly known in English as Treves (Trèves) and Triers (see also names in other languages), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.
The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
Tuscaloosa is a city in and the seat of Tuscaloosa County in west central Alabama (in the southeastern United States).
The Twelfth United States Army Group was the largest and most powerful United States Army formation ever to take to the field, commanding four field armies at its peak in 1945: First United States Army, Third United States Army, Ninth United States Army and Fifteenth United States Army.
Ultra was the designation adopted by British military intelligence in June 1941 for wartime signals intelligence obtained by breaking high-level encrypted enemy radio and teleprinter communications at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.
Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.
Unintentional discharge is the event of a firearm discharging (firing) at a time not intended by the user.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Army Cavalry School was part of a series of training programs and centers for its horse mounted troops or cavalry branch.
The United States Army Central, formerly the Third United States Army, commonly referred to as the Third Army and as ARCENT is a military formation of the United States Army, which saw service in World War I and World War II, in the 1991 Gulf War, and in the coalition occupation of Iraq.
The United States Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC or, obsolete, USACGSC) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, is a graduate school for United States Army and sister service officers, interagency representatives, and international military officers.
The United States Army War College (USAWC) is a U.S. Army educational institution in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500-acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks.
The United States Assistant Secretary of War was the second-ranking official within the American Department of War from 1861 to 1867, from 1882 to 1883, and from 1890 to 1940.
The United States Cavalry, or U.S. Cavalry, was the designation of the mounted force of the United States Army from the late 18th to the early 20th century.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York, in Orange County.
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.
The University of Alabama Press is a university press founded in 1945 and is the scholarly publishing arm of the University of Alabama.
Verdun (official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, the proportions of which vary according to the segment of the backbone and the species of vertebrate.
A compression fracture is a collapse of a vertebra.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
The Virginia Military Institute (VMI) is a state-supported military college in Lexington, Virginia, the oldest such institution in the United States.
General Walter Bedell "Beetle" Smith (5 October 1895 – 9 August 1961) was a senior officer of the United States Army who served as General Dwight D. Eisenhower's chief of staff at Allied Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) during the Tunisia Campaign and the Allied invasion of Italy in 1943 during World War II.
Walter Franklin George (January 29, 1878 – August 4, 1957) was an American politician from the state of Georgia.
War and Remembrance is an American miniseries based on the novel of the same name written by Herman Wouk, which aired from November 13, 1988, to May 14, 1989.
A war correspondent is a journalist who covers stories firsthand from a war zone.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.
The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theatre of World War II.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
A Western saloon is a kind of bar particular to the Old West.
When and If is a yacht designed by John Alden and commissioned by then Colonel George S. Patton, a widely regarded American war hero.
William Morrow and Company is an American publishing company founded by William Morrow in 1926.
Lieutenant General Willis Dale Crittenberger (December 2, 1890 – August 4, 1980) was a senior officer of the United States Army.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Worms is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, situated on the Upper Rhine about south-southwest of Frankfurt-am-Main.
The XII Corps fought from northern France to Austria in World War II.
The XIX Tactical Air Command (XIX TAC) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The.22 Long Rifle (metric designation: 5.6×15mmR) cartridge is a long-established variety of.22 caliber rimfire ammunition, and in terms of units sold is still by far the most common ammunition in the world today.
.38 refers to the type of firearm and firearm cartridges.
The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles") is an elite modular specialized light infantry division of the US Army.
The 13th Cavalry Regiment ("13th Horse") is a unit of the United States Army.
The 15th Army (German: 15. Armee) was a World War II field army.
The 15th Cavalry Regiment is a cavalry regiment of the United States Army.
The 18th Army Group was an Allied formation in the Second World War.
The 1912 Summer Olympics (Swedish: Olympiska sommarspelen 1912), officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Stockholm, Sweden, between 5 May and 22 July 1912.
The 1916 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1916), officially known as the Games of the VI Olympiad, were scheduled to be held in Berlin, Germany, but were eventually canceled due to the outbreak of World War I. Berlin was selected as the host city during the 14th IOC Session in Stockholm on 4 July 1912, defeating bids from Alexandria, Amsterdam, Brussels, Budapest and Cleveland.
The 1st Armored Division—nicknamed "Old Ironsides"—is a combined arms division of the United States Army.
The 1st Army (1.) was a World War II field army.
The Fallschirm-Panzer-Division 1.
The 1st Infantry Division is a combined arms division of the United States Army, and is the oldest continuously serving in the Regular Army.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
22nd Virginia Infantry was a Confederate regiment during the American Civil War.
The 26th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army.
A first 277th Infantry Division (277.) was ordered to form on May 22, 1940, as part of the 10th mobilisation wave (10. Welle), but this order was rescinded after the French Surrender.
The 2nd Armored Division ("Hell on Wheels") was an armored division of the United States Army.
The 3rd Cavalry Regiment, formerly 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment ("Brave Rifles") is a regiment of the United States Army currently stationed at Fort Hood, Texas.
The 3rd Infantry Division (nicknamed "The Rock of the Marne)" is an Infantry division of the United States Army based at Fort Stewart, Georgia.
The 45th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army, part of the Oklahoma Army National Guard, from 1920 to 1968.
The 4th Armored Division of the United States Army was an Armored Division that earned distinction while spearheading General Patton's Third Army in the European theater of World War II.
The 5th Cavalry Regiment ("Black Knights") is a historical unit of the United States Army that began its service in the decade prior to the American Civil War and continues in modified organizational format in the U.S. Army.
The 66th Armor Regiment is the oldest armored unit in the United States Army (see Iron Knights: the United States 66th Armored Regiment, by Maj. Gordon A. Blaker), tracing its lineage to the 301st Tank Battalion which served with distinction soon after it was formed in the First World War; the 301st trained at Camp Meade, MD, where then Cpt.
The 6th Infantry Regiment ("Regulars") was formed 11 January 1812.
The 761st Tank Battalion was an independent tank battalion of the United States Army during World War II.
The 7th Army was a World War II field army of the German land forces.
The 80th Training Command (The Army School System - TASS) is a formation of the United States Army Reserve.
The 8th Cavalry Regiment is a regiment of the United States Army formed in 1866 during the American Indian Wars.
The 94th Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I, and of the Organized Reserve Corps in 1921 until 1942.
General George Patton, General George S Patton, General Patton, General S Patton, General S. Patton, General patton, George Patton, George S Patton, George S. Patton Jr, George S. Patton Jr., George S. Patton, Jr., George S.Patton, George Smith Patton Jr, George Smith Patton, Jr, George Smith Patton, Jr., Old Blood and Guts, Patton, Patton, George S., Paul G. Bennet.