209 relations: Albert Clemenceau, Albert François Lebrun, Albert, 4th duc de Broglie, Alexandre Millerand, Alexandre Ribot, Alfred Picard, Algeciras Conference, Alphonse Bertillon, Alsace, Alsace-Lorraine, American Civil War, André Joseph Lefèvre, André Tardieu, Anti-clericalism, Antimilitarism, Apartment, Aristide Briand, Armand Fallières, Arthur Balfour, Émile Combes, Émile Cottin, Émile Zola, Étienne Clémentel, Baccalauréat, Battle of Caporetto, Battle of Sedan, Beirut, Belgrade, Bordeaux, Calvin Coolidge, Canadian Rockies, Célestin Hennion, Cenotaph, Censorship in France, Chamber of Deputies (France), Charles de Freycinet, Charles Floquet, Charles Jonnart, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Claude Monet, Clemenceau, Cottonwood, Cornelius Herz, Council of Paris, Courrières mine disaster, Cuba, Cyril Cusack, David Lloyd George, Demosthenes, Devil's Island, Dominican Republic, ..., Dr. Strangelove, Draguignan, Dreyfus (1930 film), Dreyfus affair, Duel, Edward M. House, Entente Cordiale, Exosquad, Félix Faure, Fencing, Ferdinand Foch, Ferdinand Sarrien, Fernand Dubief, First Moroccan Crisis, Fourteen Points, Franco-Prussian War, Franco-Russian Alliance, Frankfurt, Freedom of religion in France, French aircraft carrier Clemenceau (R98), French colonial empire, French Guiana, French legislative election, 1885, French legislative election, 1893, French legislative election, 1906, French legislative election, 1919, French Revolution, French Section of the Workers' International, French Third Republic, Gaston Doumergue, Gaston Thomson, Generalissimo, Georges Ernest Boulanger, Georges Leygues, Georges Mandel, Georges Picquart, Great Barrington, Massachusetts, Hôtel de Crillon, Henri Mordacq, Henry Simon (politician), Huguenots, Hundred Days Offensive, J'accuse…!, James Douglas Jr., Japanese pottery and porcelain, Jean Cruppi, Jean Jaurès, John Maynard Keynes, Joseph Caillaux, Joseph Noulens, Joseph Ruau, Journalist, Jules Ferry, Jules Grévy, Jules Pams, July Monarchy, L'Aurore, La Roche-sur-Yon, Languedoc-Roussillon, Law enforcement in France, Léon Bérard, League of Nations, List of covers of Time magazine (1920s), List of Prime Ministers of France, Lorraine, Louis Barthou, Louis Dubois (politician), Louis Lafferre, Louis Loucheur, Louis Malvy, Louis-Lucien Klotz, Macedonian Front, Marie François Sadi Carnot, Mary Plummer, Maurice Rouvier, Maurice Sarrail, Mazas Prison, Middle Ages, Minister of the Armed Forces (France), Minister of the Interior (France), Montmartre, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Mouchamps, Mouilleron-en-Pareds, Mount Clemenceau, Musée de l'Orangerie, Nantes, Napoleon III, National Assembly (France), National Bloc (France), New York City, Noyon, Occupation of the Ruhr, October Revolution, Otto von Bismarck, Palace of Versailles, Panama scandals, Paris, Paris Commune, Paris Peace Conference, 1919, Paris Police Prefecture, Pas-de-Calais, Paul Bildt, Paul Déroulède, Paul Deschanel, Paul Dussaussoy, Paul Jourdain, Paul Painlevé, Philippe Pétain, Physician, Pierre Colliard, Poilu, Politician, Prime Minister of France, Radical Party (France), Random House, Raphaël Milliès-Lacroix, Raymond Poincaré, Reign of Terror, René Viviani, Revanchism, Revolt of the Languedoc winegrowers, Rhineland, Romeo y Julieta (cigar), Royal Academy of Science, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium, Rue Clémenceau, Rue Saint-Dominique, Second French Empire, Seine (department), Senate (France), Singapore, Sino-French War, Spring Offensive, Stamford, Connecticut, Stanley Kubrick, Stephen Pichon, Territory of the Saar Basin, Théophile Delcassé, The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Treaty of Trianon, Treaty of Versailles, Union sacrée, United States non-interventionism, University of Nantes, University of Oxford, Var (department), Vendée, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, War in the Vendée, Water Lilies (Monet series), Western Front (World War I), Winston Churchill, Woodrow Wilson, World War I, World War I reparations, 16 May 1877 crisis, 18th arrondissement of Paris, 1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and the State. Expand index (159 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Clemenceau (23 February 1861 – 23 July 1955) was a French lawyer and politician.
Albert François Lebrun (29 August 1871 – 6 March 1950) was a French politician, President of France from 1932 to 1940.
Jacques-Victor-Albert, 4th duc de Broglie (13 June 182119 January 1901) was a French monarchist politician, diplomat and writer (of historical works and translations).
Alexandre Millerand (10 February 1859 – 7 April 1943) was a French politician and freemason.
Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot (7 February 184213 January 1923) was a French politician, four times Prime Minister.
Alfred Picard (21 March 1913 – 12 April 1945) was a German international footballer.
The Algeciras Conference of 1906 took place in Algeciras, Spain, and lasted from 16 January to 7 April.
Alphonse Bertillon (24 April 1853 – 13 February 1914) was a French police officer and biometrics researcher who applied the anthropological technique of anthropometry to law enforcement creating an identification system based on physical measurements.
Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.
The Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine (Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen or Elsass-Lothringen, or Alsace-Moselle) was a territory created by the German Empire in 1871, after it annexed most of Alsace and the Moselle department of Lorraine following its victory in the Franco-Prussian War.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
André Joseph Lefèvre (17 June 1869 – 5 November 1929) was a French politician who was Minister of War in 1920.
André Pierre Gabriel Amédée Tardieu (22 September 1876 – 15 September 1945) was three times Prime Minister of France (3 November 1929 – 17 February 1930; 2 March – 4 December 1930; 20 February – 10 May 1932) and a dominant figure of French political life in 1929–1932.
Anti-clericalism is opposition to religious authority, typically in social or political matters.
Antimilitarism (also spelt anti-militarism) is a doctrine that opposes war, relying heavily on a critical theory of imperialism and was an explicit goal of the First and Second International.
An apartment (American English), flat (British English) or unit (Australian English) is a self-contained housing unit (a type of residential real estate) that occupies only part of a building, generally on a single storey.
Aristide Briand (28 March 18627 March 1932) was a French statesman who served eleven terms as Prime Minister of France during the French Third Republic and was a co-laureate of the 1926 Nobel Peace Prize.
Clément Armand Fallières (6 November 1841 – 22 June 1931) was a French statesman, President of France from 1906 to 1913.
Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, (25 July 184819 March 1930) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1902 to 1905.
Émile Justin Louis Combes (6 September 1835 – 25 May 1921) was a French statesman and freemason who led the Bloc des gauches's cabinet from June 1902 – January 1905.
Louis Émile Cottin (March 14, 1896 – October 8, 1936, nicknamed "Milou") was a French militant anarchist who is best known for the attempted assassination of Georges Clemenceau.
Émile Édouard Charles Antoine Zola (2 April 1840 – 29 September 1902) was a French novelist, playwright, journalist, the best-known practitioner of the literary school of naturalism, and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism.
Étienne Clémentel (11 January 1864 – 25 December 1936) was a French politician.
The baccalauréat, often known in France colloquially as bac, is an academic qualification that French students take after high school.
The Battle of Caporetto (also known as the Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo, the Battle of Kobarid or the Battle of Karfreit as it was known by the Central Powers) was a battle on the Austro-Italian front of World War I. The battle was fought between the Entente and the Central Powers and took place from 24 October to 19 November 1917, near the town of Kobarid (now in north-western Slovenia, then part of the Austrian Littoral).
The Battle of Sedan was fought during the Franco-Prussian War from 1 to 2 September 1870.
Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was an American politician and the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929).
The Canadian Rockies (Rocheuses canadiennes) comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains.
Célestin Hennion CVO (8 September 1862 – 14 March 1915) was a French police officer who rose to head the Prefecture of Police (Préfecture de Police).
A cenotaph is an empty tomb or a monument erected in honour of a person or group of people whose remains are elsewhere.
France has a long history of governmental censorship, particularly in the 16th to 18th centuries, but today freedom of press is guaranteed by the French Constitution and instances of governmental censorship are limited.
Chamber of Deputies (la Chambre des députés) was the name given to several parliamentary bodies in France in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Charles Louis de Saulces de Freycinet (14 November 1828 – 14 May 1923) was a French statesman and four times Prime Minister during the Third Republic.
Charles Thomas Floquet (2 October 1828 – 18 January 1896) was a French statesman.
Charles Célestin Auguste Jonnart (27 December 1857 – 30 December 1927) was a French politician.
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord (2 February 1754 – 17 May 1838), 1st Prince of Benevento, then 1st Prince of Talleyrand, was a laicized French bishop, politician, and diplomat.
Oscar-Claude Monet (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting.
Clemenceau is a neighborhood of the city of Cottonwood in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States.
Cornelius Herz (formerly written Hertz) was born in Besançon, France on September 3, 1845 and he died in Bournemouth, England on July 6, 1898.
The Council of Paris (Conseil de Paris) is the deliberative body responsible for the governing of Paris, the capital of France.
The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst mining accident, caused the death of 1,099 miners in Northern France on 10 March 1906.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Cyril James Cusack (26 November 1910 – 7 October 1993) was an Irish actor, who appeared in numerous films and television productions in a career lasting more than 70 years.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.
Demosthenes (Δημοσθένης Dēmosthénēs;; 384 – 12 October 322 BC) was a Greek statesman and orator of ancient Athens.
The penal colony of Cayenne (French: Bagne de Cayenne), commonly known as Devil's Island (Île du Diable), was a French penal colony that operated in the 19th and 20th century in the Salvation's Islands of French Guiana.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Draguignan (Draguinhan) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, in southeastern France.
Dreyfus was a 1930 German drama film directed by Richard Oswald and starring Fritz Kortner, Grete Mosheim and Heinrich George.
The Dreyfus Affair (l'affaire Dreyfus) was a political scandal that divided the Third French Republic from 1894 until its resolution in 1906.
A duel is an arranged engagement in combat between two people, with matched weapons, in accordance with agreed-upon rules.
Edward Mandell House (July 26, 1858 – March 28, 1938) was an American diplomat, politician, and an adviser to President Woodrow Wilson.
The Entente Cordiale was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.
Exosquad is an American animated television series created by Universal Cartoon Studios for MCA TV's Universal Family Network syndicated programming block as a response to Japanese anime.
Félix François Faure (30 January 1841 – 16 February 1899) was President of France from 1895 until his death in 1899.
Fencing is a group of three related combat sports.
Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.
Jean Marie Ferdinand Sarrien ((15 October 1840 – 28 November 1915) was a French politician of the Third Republic. He was born in Bourbon-Lancy, Saône-et-Loire and died in Paris. He headed a cabinet supported by the Bloc des gauches (Left-Wings Coalition) parliamentary majority.
Fernand Jean-Baptiste Dubief (14 October 1850 – 4 June 1916) was a French doctor and Radical politician who was Minister of Commerce, Industry and PTT in 1905 and then Minister of the Interior in 1905–06.
The First Moroccan Crisis (also known as the Tangier Crisis) was an international crisis between March 1905 and May 1906 over the status of Morocco.
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918 speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
The Franco-Russian Alliance, or Russo-French Rapprochement, was an alliance formed by the agreements of 1891–93; it lasted until 1917.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Freedom of religion in France is guaranteed by the constitutional rights set forth in the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
Clemenceau, often affectionately called le Clem, was the French Navy's sixth aircraft carrier and the lead ship of her class. The carrier served from 1961 to 1997, and was dismantled and recycled in 2009. The carrier was the second French warship to be named after Georges Clemenceau, the first being a laid down in 1939 but never finished. The Clemenceau and her sister ship the served as the mainstays of the French fleet. During the carrier's career, the Clemenceau sailed more than during 3,125 days at sea. She was equipped to handle nuclear munitions to be delivered by her air complement, and was later modified to fire nuclear-capable missiles. She took part in numerous exercises and cruises, seeing action during the Lebanese Civil War, Gulf War and in air operations over the former-Yugoslavia.
The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.
French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.
The 1885 general election was held on 14 and 18 October 1885.
The 1893 general election was held on 20 August and 3 September 1893.
The 1906 general election was held on 6 and 20 May 1906.
The 1919 legislative election, the first election held after World War I, was held on 16 and 30 November 1919.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
The French Section of the Workers' International (Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière, SFIO) was a French socialist political party founded in 1905 and replaced in 1969 by the current Socialist Party (PS).
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (1 August 1863 in Aigues-Vives, Gard18 June 1937 in Aigues-Vives) was a French politician of the Third Republic.
Gaston Thomson was a French politician born January 29, 1848 in Oran, French Algeria, and died May 14, 1932, at Bône (Algeria).
Generalissimo is a military rank of the highest degree, superior to field marshal and other five-star ranks in the countries where they are used.
Georges Ernest Jean-Marie Boulanger (29 April 1837 – 30 September 1891), nicknamed Général Revanche, was a French general and politician.
Georges Leygues (29 October 1856 – 2 September 1933) was a French politician of the Third Republic.
Georges Mandel (5 June 1885 – 7 July 1944) was a French journalist, politician, and French Resistance leader.
Marie Georges Picquart (6 September 1854, Strasbourg, France – 19 January 1914, Amiens, France) was a French army officer and Minister of War.
Great Barrington is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States.
The Hôtel de Crillon in Paris is a historic luxury hotel that opened in 1909 — in a building dating to 1758.
Jean Jules Henri Mordacq (12. January 1868 L'Ours Naissance, Clermont-Ferrand – 14. April 1943 Paris) was a French general.
Louis Henry Simon (20 May 1874 – 2 December 1926) was a French industrialist, a radical socialist, who was a deputy from 1910 to 1926, and Minister of the Colonies from 1917 to 1920.
Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.
"J'accuse...!" ("I accuse...!") was an open letter published on 13 January 1898 in the newspaper L'Aurore by the influential writer Émile Zola.
James Stuart Douglas Jr. (1867–1949), popularly known as Rawhide Jimmy, was a Canadian-American businessman and mining executive.
(also 焼きもの yakimono, or 陶芸 tōgei), is one of the oldest Japanese crafts and art forms, dating back to the Neolithic period.
Jean Cruppi (22 May 1855 in Toulouse – 16 October 1933 in Fontainebleau) was a French politician of the Third Republic.
Auguste Marie Joseph Jean Léon Jaurès, commonly referred as Jean Jaurès (3 September 185931 July 1914) was a French Socialist leader.
John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes (5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946), was a British economist whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments.
Joseph-Marie–Auguste Caillaux (30 March 1863 Le Mans – 22 November 1944 Mamers) was a French politician of the Third Republic.
Joseph Noulens (29 March 1864 – 9 September 1944) was a French politician and diplomat.
Joseph Ruau (5 June 1865 – 29 September 1923) was a French lawyer and radical politician.
A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public.
Jules François Camille Ferry (5 April 183217 March 1893) was a French statesman and republican.
François Paul Jules Grévy (15 August 1807 – 9 September 1891) was a President of the French Third Republic and one of the leaders of the Opportunist Republican faction.
Jules Pams (14 August 1852 – 12 May 1930) was a French politician who was a deputy from 1893 to 1904, then a senator from 1904 to 1930.
The July Monarchy (Monarchie de Juillet) was a liberal constitutional monarchy in France under Louis Philippe I, starting with the July Revolution of 1830 and ending with the Revolution of 1848.
L’Aurore (French for “The Dawn”) was a literary, liberal, and socialist newspaper published in Paris, France, from 1897 to 1916.
La Roche-sur-Yon is a commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.
Languedoc-Roussillon (Lengadòc-Rosselhon; Llenguadoc-Rosselló) is a former administrative region of France.
Law enforcement in France has a long history dating back to AD 570, when night watch systems were commonplace.
Léon Bérard (6 January 1876, Sauveterre-de-Béarn – 24 February 1960 in Saint-Étienne) was a French politician and lawyer.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1920s.
The Prime Minister of France is the head of the Government of France.
Lorraine (Lorrain: Louréne; Lorraine Franconian: Lottringe; German:; Loutrengen) is a cultural and historical region in north-eastern France, now located in the administrative region of Grand Est.
Jean Louis Barthou (25 August 1862 – 9 October 1934) was a French politician of the Third Republic who served as Prime Minister of France for eight months in 1913.
Louis Joseph Marie Dubois (10 June 1859 – 20 January 1946) was a French politician who was Minister of Commerce, Industry, Posts and Telegraphs in the second cabinet of Georges Clemenceau.
Louis Lafferre (10 May 1861 – 28 February 1929) was a French politician.
Louis Loucheur (12 August 1872 in Roubaix, Nord – 22 November 1931 in Paris) was a French politician in the Third Republic, at first a member of the conservative Republican Federation, then of the Democratic Republican Alliance and of the Independent Radicals.
Louis-Jean Malvy (1 December 1875 – 10 June 1949) was the Interior Minister of France in 1914.
Louis-Lucien Klotz (11 January 1868 – 15 June 1930) was a French journalist and politician.
The Macedonian Front, also known as the Salonica Front (after Thessaloniki), was a military theatre of World War I formed as a result of an attempt by the Allied Powers to aid Serbia, in the fall of 1915, against the combined attack of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria.
Marie François Sadi Carnot (11 August 1837 – 25 June 1894) was a French statesman, who served as the President of France from 1887 until his assassination in 1894.
Mary Elizabeth Plummer (Springfield, Massachusetts, US. March 18 1849 – 13 September 1922) was an American-born pupil of and later the wife of Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France during Third Republic.
Maurice Rouvier (17 April 1842 – 7 June 1911) was a French statesman of the "Opportunist" faction, who served as the Prime Minister of France.
Maurice-Paul-Emmanuel Sarrail (6 April 1856 – 23 March 1929) was a French general of the First World War.
The Mazas Prison (French: Prison de Mazas) was a prison in Paris, France.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministre des Armées) is the French cabinet member charged with running the French Armed Forces.
The Minister of the Interior (Ministre de l'Intérieur) is an important position in the Government of France.
Montmartre is a large hill in Paris's 18th arrondissement.
The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (MMFA; Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal, MBAM) is an art museum in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Mouchamps is a commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.
Mouilleron-en-Pareds is a former commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.
Mount Clemenceau is the fourth highest mountain in the Canadian Rockies.
The Musée de l'Orangerie is an art gallery of impressionist and post-impressionist paintings located in the west corner of the Tuileries Gardens next to the Place de la Concorde in Paris.
Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic, the upper house being the Senate (Sénat).
The National Bloc (Bloc national) was a Centre-right political coalition in France which was in power from 1919 to 1924.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Noyon (Noviomagus Veromanduorum, Noviomagus of the Veromandui) is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
The Occupation of the Ruhr (Ruhrbesetzung) was a period of military occupation of the German Ruhr valley by France and Belgium between 1923 and 1925 in response to the Weimar Republic's failure to meet its second reparation payment of the £6.6 billion that was dictated in the Treaty of Versailles by the Triple Entente(1919) in the aftermath of World War I.
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890 and was the first Chancellor of the German Empire between 1871 and 1890.
The Palace of Versailles (Château de Versailles;, or) was the principal residence of the Kings of France from Louis XIV in 1682 until the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789.
The Panama scandals (also known as the Panama Canal Scandal or Panama Affair) was a corruption affair that broke out in the French Third Republic in 1892, linked to the building of the Panama Canal.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paris Commune (La Commune de Paris) was a radical socialist and revolutionary government that ruled Paris from 18 March to 28 May 1871.
The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the victorious Allied Powers following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers.
The Paris Police Prefecture (Préfecture de police de Paris) is the unit of the French Ministry of the Interior which provides police, emergency services and various administrative services to the population of the city of Paris and the surrounding three suburban départements of Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, and Val-de-Marne.
Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).
Paul Hermann Bildt (19 May 1885 – 13 March 1957) was a German film actor.
Paul Déroulède (2 September 1846 – 30 January 1914) was a French author and politician, one of the founders of the nationalist League of Patriots.
Paul Eugène Louis Deschanel (13 February 1855 in Schaerbeek28 April 1922) was a French statesman.
Paul Dussaussoy (6 January 1860 – 15 March 1909) was a French lawyer and politician.
Paul Léon Jourdain (28 October 1878 – 26 March 1948) was a French industrialist and politician who was a deputy from 1919 to 1927 and a senator from 1927 to 1944.
Paul Painlevé (5 December 1863 – 29 October 1933) was a French mathematician and statesman.
Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain), was a French general officer who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun, and in World War II served as the Chief of State of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
Pierre Colliard (30 April 1852, Jons – 19 May 1925) was a French politician belonging to the Republican-Socialist Party.
Poilu is an informal term for a French World War I infantryman, meaning, literally, hairy one.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.
The French Prime Minister (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
The Radical Party (Parti radical, also Parti radical valoisien, abbreviated to Rad.) was a liberal and social-liberal political party in France.
Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.
Raphaël Milliès-Lacroix (4 December 1850 – 12 October 1941) was a French draper and politician from Dax, Landes, in the southwest of the country.
Raymond Nicolas Landry Poincaré (20 August 1860 – 15 October 1934) was a French statesman who served three times as 58th Prime Minister of France, and as President of France from 1913 to 1920.
The Reign of Terror, or The Terror (la Terreur), is the label given by some historians to a period during the French Revolution after the First French Republic was established.
Jean Raphaël Adrien René Viviani (8 November 18637 September 1925) was a French politician of the Third Republic, who served as Prime Minister for the first year of World War I. He was born in Sidi Bel Abbès, in French Algeria.
Revanchism (from revanche, "revenge") is the political manifestation of the will to reverse territorial losses incurred by a country, often following a war or social movement.
The Revolt of the Languedoc winegrowers was a mass movement in 1907 in Languedoc and the Pyrénées-Orientales of France that was repressed by the government of Georges Clemenceau.
The Rhineland (Rheinland, Rhénanie) is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.
Romeo y Julieta is the name of two brands of premium cigar, one produced on the island of Cuba for Habanos SA, the Cuban state-owned tobacco company, and the other produced in La Romana, Dominican Republic for Altadis SA, a division of Imperial Tobacco.
The Royal Academy of Science, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium (in Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique) is the independent learned society of science and arts of the French Community of Belgium.
Rue Clemenceau is a commercial and residential street in Beirut, Lebanon.
The Rue Saint-Dominique is a street in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.
The French Second Empire (Second Empire) was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.
Seine was a department of France encompassing Paris and its immediate suburbs.
The Senate (Sénat; pronunciation) is the upper house of the French Parliament, presided over by a president.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
The Sino-French War (Guerre franco-chinoise, សង្គ្រាមបារាំង-ចិន, Chiến tranh Pháp-Thanh), also known as the Tonkin War and Tonquin War, was a limited conflict fought from August 1884 through April 1885, to decide whether France would supplant China's control of Tonkin (northern Vietnam).
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
Stamford is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States.
Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
Stephen Jean-Marie Pichon (10 August 1857 – 18 September 1933, Vers-en-Montagne) was a French journalist, diplomat and politician of the Third Republic.
The Territory of the Saar Basin (Saarbeckengebiet, Saarterritorium; Le Territoire du Bassin de la Sarre) was a region of Germany occupied and governed by the United Kingdom and France from 1920 to 1935 under a League of Nations mandate.
Théophile Delcassé (1 March 1852 – 22 February 1923) was a French statesman and foreign minister 1898-1905.
The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles is an American television series that aired on ABC from March 4, 1992, to July 24, 1993.
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on 3 March 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia's participation in World War I. The treaty was signed at Brest-Litovsk (Brześć Litewski; since 1945 Brest), after two months of negotiations.
The Treaty of Trianon was the peace agreement of 1920 that formally ended World War I between most of the Allies of World War I and the Kingdom of Hungary, the latter being one of the successor states to Austria-Hungary.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
The union sacrée (sacred union) was a political truce in France in which the left-wing agreed, during World War I, not to oppose the government or call any strikes.
Non-interventionism, the diplomatic policy whereby a nation seeks to avoid alliances with other nations in order to avoid being drawn into wars not related to direct territorial self-defense, has had a long history of popularity in the government and among the people of the United States at various periods in time.
The University of Nantes (Université de Nantes) is a French university, located in the city of Nantes.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The Var is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in Provence in southeastern France.
The Vendée is a department in the Pays-de-la-Loire region in west-central France, on the Atlantic Ocean.
Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (19 May 1860 – 1 December 1952) was an Italian statesman, known for representing Italy in the 1919 Paris Peace Conference with his foreign minister Sidney Sonnino.
The War in the Vendée (1793; Guerre de Vendée) was an uprising in the Vendée region of France during the French Revolution.
Water Lilies (or Nymphéas) is a series of approximately 250 oil paintings by French Impressionist Claude Monet (1840–1926).
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War I reparations were compensation imposed during the Paris Peace Conference upon the Central Powers following their defeat in the First World War by the Allied and Associate Powers.
The 16 May 1877 crisis (Crise du seize mai) was a constitutional crisis in the French Third Republic concerning the distribution of power between the President and the legislature.
The 18th arrondissement of Paris (XVIIIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
The 1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and State (French) was passed by the Chamber of Deputies on 9 December 1905.