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German wine classification

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The German wine classification system puts a strong emphasis on standardization and factual completeness, and was first implemented per the German Wine Law of 1971. [1]

43 relations: Alcohol, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Champagne, Chaptalization, Château, CliffsNotes, Dessert wine, Eberbach Abbey, Geographical indication, German wine, German wine classification, Grape, Ice wine, Indicazione geografica tipica, Kabinett, Late harvest wine, Liebfraumilch, Maceration (wine), Mittelrhein (wine region), Mosel (wine region), Moselle Valley, MSNBC, Must weight, Noble rot, Pinot gris, Pinot noir, Possessive, Reserve wine, Rheingau, Rheingau (wine region), Riesling, Ripeness in viticulture, Spätlese, Sundial, Table wine, Terroir, Trocken, Trockenbeerenauslese, Verband Deutscher Prädikats- und Qualitätsweingüter, Vin de pays, Vintage, Wine.

Alcohol

In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.

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Auslese

Auslese (literal meaning: "selected harvest"; plural form is Auslesen) is a German language wine term for a late harvest wine and is a riper category than Spätlese in the Prädikatswein category of the Austrian and German wine classification.

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Beerenauslese

Beerenauslese (literal meaning: "selected harvest of berries") is a German language wine term for a late harvest wine.

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Champagne

Champagne is sparkling wine or, in EU countries, legally only that sparkling wine which comes from the Champagne region of France.

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Chaptalization

Chaptalization is the process of adding sugar to unfermented grape must in order to increase the alcohol content after fermentation.

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Château

A château (plural châteaux; in both cases) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in French-speaking regions.

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CliffsNotes

CliffsNotes (formerly Cliffs Notes, originally Cliff's Notes and often, erroneously, CliffNotes) are a series of student study guides available primarily in the United States.

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Dessert wine

Dessert wines, sometimes called pudding wines, are sweet wines typically served with dessert.

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Eberbach Abbey

Eberbach Abbey (German: Kloster Eberbach) is a former Cistercian monastery near Eltville am Rhein in the Rheingau, Germany.

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Geographical indication

A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country).

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German wine

German wine is primarily produced in the west of Germany, along the river Rhine and its tributaries, with the oldest plantations going back to the Roman era.

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German wine classification

The German wine classification system puts a strong emphasis on standardization and factual completeness, and was first implemented per the German Wine Law of 1971.

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Grape

A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis.

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Ice wine

Ice wine (or icewine; Eiswein) is a type of dessert wine produced from grapes that have been frozen while still on the vine.

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Indicazione geografica tipica

Indicazione geografica tipica is the third of four classifications of wine recognized by the government of Italy.

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Kabinett

Kabinett (literal meaning: cabinet), or sometimes Kabinettwein (literal meaning: a wine set aside in a cabinet), is a German language wine term for a wine which is made from fully ripened grapes of the main harvest, typically picked in September, and are usually made in a light style.

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Late harvest wine

Late harvest wine is wine made from grapes left on the vine longer than usual.

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Liebfraumilch

Liebfraumilch or Liebfrauenmilch (in reference to the Virgin Mary) is a style of semi-sweet white German wine which may be produced, mostly for export, in the regions Rheinhessen, Palatinate, Rheingau and Nahe.

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Maceration (wine)

Maceration is the winemaking process where the phenolic materials of the grape—tannins, coloring agents (anthocyanins) and flavor compounds—are leached from the grape skins, seeds and stems into the must.

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Mittelrhein (wine region)

Mittelrhein (or Middle Rhine) is a region (Anbaugebiet) for quality wine in Germany,, read on January 2, 2008 and is located along a 120 km stretch of river Rhine in the tourist portions of the Rhine region known as Middle Rhine.

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Mosel (wine region)

Mosel is one of 13 German wine regions (Weinbaugebiete) for quality wines (''Qualitätswein'', formerly ''QbA'' and ''Prädikatswein''), and takes its name from the Mosel River (Moselle. Luxembourgish: Musel.). Before 1 August 2007 the region was called Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, but changed to a name that was considered more consumer-friendly.

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Moselle Valley

The Moselle Valley (Moseltal) is a region in north-eastern France, south-western Germany, and eastern Luxembourg, centred on the river valley formed by the Moselle.

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MSNBC

MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.

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Must weight

Must weight is a measure of the amount of sugar in grape juice (must), and hence indicates the amount of alcohol that could be produced if it is all fermented to alcohol, rather than left as residual sugar.

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Noble rot

Noble rot (pourriture noble; Edelfäule; Muffa nobile; Aszúsodás) is the beneficial form of a grey fungus, Botrytis cinerea, affecting wine grapes.

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Pinot gris

Pinot gris, pinot grigio or Grauburgunder is a white wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera.

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Pinot noir

Pinot noir is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera.

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Possessive

A possessive form (abbreviated) is a word or grammatical construction used to indicate a relationship of possession in a broad sense.

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Reserve wine

Reserve wine is wine of a higher quality than usual, or a wine that has been aged before being sold, or both.

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Rheingau

The Rheingau (literally "Rhine District") consists of the district on the Northern side of the Rhine between the German towns of Wiesbaden and Lorch near Frankfurt, reaching from the Western Taunus to the Rhine.

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Rheingau (wine region)

Rheingau is one of 13 designated German wine regions (Weinbaugebiete) producing quality wines (''QbA'' and ''Prädikatswein'').

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Riesling

Riesling is a white grape variety which originated in the Rhine region.

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Ripeness in viticulture

In viticulture, ripeness is the completion of the ripening process of wine grapes on the vine which signals the beginning of harvest.

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Spätlese

Spätlese (literal meaning: "late harvest"; plural form is Spätlesen) is a German wine term for a wine from fully ripe grapes, the lightest of the late harvest wines.

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Sundial

A sundial is a device that tells the time of day when there is sunlight by the apparent position of the Sun in the sky.

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Table wine

Table wine is a wine term with two different meanings: a style of wine and a quality level within wine classification.

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Terroir

Terroir (from terre, "land") is the set of all environmental factors that affect a crop's phenotype, including unique environment contexts, farming practices and a crop's specific growth habitat.

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Trocken

Trocken is German for dry, and is used in the classification of German wine.

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Trockenbeerenauslese

Trockenbeerenauslese (literal meaning: "dried berries selection") is a German language wine term for a medium to full body dessert wine.

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Verband Deutscher Prädikats- und Qualitätsweingüter

Verband Deutscher Prädikats- und Qualitätsweingüter e.V. or the Association of German Prädikat Wine Estates, is an organisation where most (but not all) of Germany's top wine producers are members.

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Vin de pays

Vin de pays is a French term meaning "country wine." Vins de pays are a step in the French wine classification that is above the table wine (Vin de table) classification, but below Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) and formerly below VDQS classifications.

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Vintage

Vintage, in winemaking, is the process of picking grapes and creating the finished product (see Harvest (wine)).

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Wine

Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_wine_classification

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