230 relations: Adriatic Sea, Aedile, Agrippina the Elder, Agrippina the Younger, Alexander the Great, Alexandria Bucephalous, Anatolia, Ancient Olympic Games, Angrivarian Wall, Antioch, Antonia Minor, Apollo, Aquila (Roman), Aratus, Arminius, Artabanus III of Parthia, Artaxias III, Asia (Roman province), Astrology, Atia (mother of Augustus), Attrition warfare, Aufidia, Aufidius Bassus, Aufidius Lurco, Augur, Augustus, Aulus Caecina Severus (consul 1 BC), Bato (Breucian chieftain), Bato (Daesitiate chieftain), Battle of Actium, Battle of Idistaviso, Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bructeri, Bucephalus, Burnum, Caligula, Cappadocia (Roman province), Carmen Saliare, Cassius Dio, Chatti, Cherusci, Cicero, Cilicia, Circus Maximus, Claudia (gens), Claudius, Colophon (city), Corruption, Curule seat, ..., Cyrrhus, Dalmatia, Damnatio memoriae, David Robb, Domenico Annibali, Domitian, Drama, Drusus Caesar, Drusus Claudius Nero I, Early Imperial campaigns in Germania, Egypt (Roman province), Elbe, Ems (river), Eric Flynn, Euphrates, Fabius Rusticus, Fasti (poem), Gaius Caesar, Gaius Fonteius Capito (consul AD 12), Gaius Octavius (proconsul), Gaius Silius, Gaul, Germania, Germania Inferior, Germania Superior, Germanico in Germania, Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso, Greece in the Roman era, Gudensberg, Hadrian, I, Claudius, I, Claudius (TV series), Idistaviso, Illyricum (Roman province), Imperator, Imperial cult of ancient Rome, Imperium, Inguiomer, Insubordination, Jack Pulman, Julia (gens), Julia (mother of Mark Antony), Julia Drusilla, Julia Livilla, Julia Minor (sister of Caesar), Julio-Claudian dynasty, Julius Caesar, Jupiter (mythology), Justitium, Karl von Piloty, Kingdom of Armenia (antiquity), Kingdom of Cappadocia, Kingdom of Commagene, Latin, Law of majestas, Legio I Germanica, Legio II Augusta, Legio V Alaudae, Legio X Fretensis, Legio XIII Gemina, Legio XIV Gemina, Legio XIX, Legio XVI Gallica, Legio XX Valeria Victrix, Legio XXI Rapax, Lesbos, Lippe (river), List of Roman consuls, Livia, Livilla, Livineius Regulus, Lucius Caesar, Lucius Fulcinius Trio, Lucius Julius Caesar (consul 90 BC), Lucius Munatius Plancus (consul 13), Lucius Pomponius Flaccus, Lucius Seius Tubero, Manius Aemilius Lepidus (consul 11), Marcomanni, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (consul 6), Marcus Antonius (orator), Marcus Antonius Creticus, Marcus Atius, Marcus Cluvius Rufus, Marcus Livius Drusus Claudianus, Marcus Plautius Silvanus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Mark Antony, Maroboduus, Mars (mythology), Marsi (Germanic), Mattium, Mausoleum of Augustus, Mazaei, Moesia, Montenegro, Natural History (Pliny), Nero, Nero Claudius Drusus, Nero Julius Caesar, Nicopolis, North Sea, Octavia the Younger, Ovid, Palatine, Pannonia, Parthia, Patrician (ancient Rome), Philip Mackie, Pinnes (Pannonian chieftain), Pliny the Elder, Praenomen, Praetor, Princeps, Proconsul, Publius Quinctilius Varus, Publius Vitellius the Younger, Quaestor, Quintus Servaeus, Quintus Veranius (governor of Cappadocia), Res gestae, Rhine, Rhodes, Richard Alston (classicist), Rinteln, Robert Graves, Roman army, Roman consul, Roman emperor, Roman Empire, Roman Gaul, Roman Italy, Roman legion, Roman naming conventions, Roman Republic, Roman Senate, Roman Syria, Roman triumph, Rome, Ruhr (river), Sacrilege, Salona, Scholia, Scorched earth, Second Triumvirate, Segestes, Sejanus, Seleucia Pieria, Sestertius, Sisak, Sodales Augustales, Spes, Strabo, Suetonius, Sui iuris, Summary judgment, Tacitus, Temple of Apollo Palatinus, The Caesars (TV series), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, The Twelve Caesars, Thomas Banks, Thusnelda, Tiberius, Tiberius Claudius Nero (praetor 42 BC), Titus Statilius Taurus, Tragic hero, Trajan, Treason, Troy, Tubantes, Tyrant, Ubii, Usipetes, Victory title, Virgil, Vonones I, Weser, Xanten, Zeus. Expand index (180 more) » « Shrink index
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Aedile (aedīlis, from aedes, "temple edifice") was an office of the Roman Republic.
Agrippina the Elder (Latin:Vipsania Agrippina; Classical Latin: AGRIPPINA•GERMANICI, c. 14 BC – AD 33), commonly referred to as "Agrippina the Elder" (Latin: Agrippina Maior), was a prominent member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Agrippina the Younger (Latin: Julia Agrippina; 6 November AD 15 – 23 March AD 59), also referred to as Agrippina Minor (Minor, which is Latin for "the Younger") was a Roman empress and one of the more prominent women in the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Alexandria Bucephalous (also variously known as Alexandria Bucephalus, Alexandria Bucephala, Bucephala, or Bucephalia), was a city founded by Alexander the Great in memory of his beloved horse Bucephalus.
Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
The ancient Olympic Games were originally a festival, or celebration of and for Zeus; later, events such as a footrace, a javelin contest, and wrestling matches were added.
The so-called Agrivarian Wall (Angrivarierwall) was mentioned by the Roman historian, Tacitus (Annals II, 19-21), in connexion with the campaign by the Roman general Germanicus in 16 A.D. which included the Battle of the Angrivarian Wall.
Antioch on the Orontes (Antiókheia je epi Oróntou; also Syrian Antioch)Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Ὀρόντου; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Δάφνῃ, "Antioch on Daphne"; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ Μεγάλη, "Antioch the Great"; Antiochia ad Orontem; Անտիոք Antiok; ܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ Anṭiokya; Hebrew: אנטיוכיה, Antiyokhya; Arabic: انطاكية, Anṭākiya; انطاکیه; Antakya.
Antonia Minor (PIR2 A 885), also known as Julia Antonia Minor, Antonia the Younger or simply Antonia (31 January 36 BC - 1 May AD 37) was the younger of two daughters of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor.
Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
An aquila, or eagle, was a prominent symbol used in ancient Rome, especially as the standard of a Roman legion.
Aratus (Ἄρατος ὁ Σολεύς; ca. 315 BC/310 BC240) was a Greek didactic poet.
Arminius (German: Hermann; 18/17 BC – AD 21) was a chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci tribe who famously led an allied coalition of Germanic tribes to a decisive victory against three Roman legions in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD.
Artabanus III of Parthia (اردوان سوم), flourished second half of 1st century BCAD 38, was a Prince of Iranian and Greek ancestry.
Artaxias III, also known as Zeno-Artaxias, Artaxes or Artashes (Άρταξίας, Արտաշես Երրորդ, 13 BC–35) was a prince of the Bosporan, Pontus, Cilicia, Cappadocia and Roman Client King of Armenia.
The Roman province of Asia or Asiana (Ἀσία or Ἀσιανή), in Byzantine times called Phrygia, was an administrative unit added to the late Republic.
Astrology is the study of the movements and relative positions of celestial objects as a means for divining information about human affairs and terrestrial events.
Atia (also Atia Balba or Atia Balba Caesonia)The caeso part in Caesonia originates from caedere ("to cut"), if it were her true cognomen, possibly indicating the relationship with her only maternal uncle, Julius Caesar.
Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.
Aufidia or Alfidia (flourished 1st century BC) was a woman of Ancient Rome.
Aufidius Bassus was a Roman historian who lived in the reign of Tiberius.
Marcus Aufidius (or Alfidius) Lurco or known as Aufidius Lurco, was a Roman magistrate who lived in the 1st century BC.
An augur was a priest and official in the classical Roman world.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Aulus Caecina Severus was a Roman politician and general who was consul in 1 BC.
Bato of the Breuci, also known as Breucian Bato, was the chieftain of the Breuci, an Illyrian tribe that fought against the Roman Empire in a war known as Bellum Batonianum.
Bato the Daesitiate (also Bato of the Daesitiates) was the chieftain of the Daesitiates, an Illyrian tribe which fought against the Roman Empire between 6–9 AD, a war known as Bellum Batonianum (Baton's War).
The Battle of Actium was the decisive confrontation of the Final War of the Roman Republic, a naval engagement between Octavian and the combined forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra on 2 September 31 BC, on the Ionian Sea near the promontory of Actium, in the Roman province of Epirus Vetus in Greece.
The Battle of Idistaviso, sometimes known as a first Battle of Minden or Battle of the Weser River, was fought in 16 AD between Roman legions commanded by Roman emperor Tiberius' heir and adopted son Germanicus, and an alliance of Germanic peoples commanded by Arminius.
The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (Schlacht im Teutoburger Wald, Hermannsschlacht, or Varusschlacht, Disfatta di Varo), described as the Varian Disaster (Clades Variana) by Roman historians, took place in the Teutoburg Forest in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes ambushed and decisively destroyed three Roman legions and their auxiliaries, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
The Bructeri (Greek Βρούκτεροι; but Βουσάκτεροι in Strabo) were a Germanic tribe in Roman imperial times, located in northwestern Germany, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia.
Bucephalus or Bucephalas (Βουκέφαλος or Βουκεφάλας, from βούς bous, "ox" and κεφαλή kephalē, "head" meaning "ox-head") (– June 326 BC) was the horse of Alexander the Great, and one of the most famous horses of antiquity.
Burnum (or Burnum Municipium), an archaeological site, was a Roman Legion camp and town.
Caligula (Latin: Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 31 August 12 – 24 January 41 AD) was Roman emperor from AD 37 to AD 41.
Cappadocia was a province of the Roman Empire in Anatolia (modern central-eastern Turkey), with its capital at Caesarea.
The Carmen Saliare is a fragment of archaic Latin, which played a part in the rituals performed by the Salii (Salian priests, a.k.a. "leaping priests") of Ancient Rome.
Cassius Dio or Dio Cassius (c. 155 – c. 235) was a Roman statesman and historian of Greek origin.
The Chatti (also Chatthi or Catti) were an ancient Germanic tribe whose homeland was near the upper Weser.
The Cherusci were a Germanic tribe that inhabited parts of the plains and forests of northwestern Germany, in the area possibly near present-day Hanover, during the first centuries BC and AD.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
In antiquity, Cilicia(Armenian: Կիլիկիա) was the south coastal region of Asia Minor and existed as a political entity from Hittite times into the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia during the late Byzantine Empire.
The Circus Maximus (Latin for greatest or largest circus; Italian: Circo Massimo) is an ancient Roman chariot-racing stadium and mass entertainment venue located in Rome, Italy.
The gens Claudia, sometimes written Clodia, was one of the most prominent patrician houses at Rome.
Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
Colophon (Κολοφών) was an ancient city in Ionia.
Corruption is a form of dishonesty undertaken by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit.
A curule seat is a design of chair noted for its uses in Ancient Rome and Europe through to the 20th century.
Cyrrhus (Κύρρος Kyrrhos) was a city in ancient Syria founded by Seleucus Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals.
Dalmatia (Dalmacija; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia and Istria.
Damnatio memoriae is a modern Latin phrase literally meaning "condemnation of memory", meaning that a person must not be remembered.
David Robb (born 23 August 1947) is a Scottish actor.
Domenico Annibali (c. 1705 – 1779) was an Italian castrato who had an active international career from 1725–1764.
Domitian (Titus Flavius Caesar Domitianus Augustus; 24 October 51 – 18 September 96 AD) was Roman emperor from 81 to 96.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.
Drusus Caesar (Drusus Iulius Caesar Germanicus, AD 8 – AD 33) was the adopted son and heir of Tiberius, alongside his brother Nero.
Drusus Claudius Nero I (105 BC-unknown date in 1st century BC) was a member of the Roman Republican Claudian Family of Rome.
The Early Imperial campaigns in Germania (12 BC–AD 16) were a series of conflicts between the Germanic tribes and the Roman Empire.
The Roman province of Egypt (Aigyptos) was established in 30 BC after Octavian (the future emperor Augustus) defeated his rival Mark Antony, deposed Queen Cleopatra VII, and annexed the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt to the Roman Empire.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
The Ems (Ems; Eems) is a river in northwestern Germany.
Eric William Flynn (13 December 1939 – 4 March 2002) was a British actor and singer.
The Euphrates (Sumerian: Buranuna; 𒌓𒄒𒉣 Purattu; الفرات al-Furāt; ̇ܦܪܬ Pǝrāt; Եփրատ: Yeprat; פרת Perat; Fırat; Firat) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia.
Fabius Rusticus was a Roman historian who was quoted on several occasions by Tacitus.
The Fasti (Fastorum Libri Sex, "Six Books of the Calendar"), sometimes translated as The Book of Days or On the Roman Calendar, is a six-book Latin poem written by the Roman poet Ovid and published in 8 AD.
Gaius Caesar (Latin: Gaius Julius Caesar; 20 BC – 21 February AD 4) was consul in AD 1 and the grandson of Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire.
Gaius Fonteius Capito (fl. AD 12) was a Roman senator during the Principate.
Gaius Octavius (about 100 – 59 BC) was a Roman politician.
Gaius Silius (died AD 24) was a Roman senator who achieved successes as a general over German barbarians following the disaster of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
"Germania" was the Roman term for the geographical region in north-central Europe inhabited mainly by Germanic peoples.
Germania Inferior ("Lower Germany") was a Roman province located on the west bank of the Rhine.
Germania Superior ("Upper Germania") was an imperial province of the Roman Empire.
is an opera in three acts composed by Nicola Porpora to an Italian-language libretto by Nicola Coluzzi.
Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso (Latin: Cn. Calpurnius Cn. f. Cn. n. Piso, ca. 44 BC/43 BC - AD 20), was a Roman statesman during the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius.
Greece in the Roman era describes the period of Greek history when it was dominated by the Roman republic, the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire (collectively, the Roman era).
Gudensberg is a small town in northern Hesse, Germany.
Hadrian (Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus; 24 January 76 – 10 July 138 AD) was Roman emperor from 117 to 138.
I, Claudius (1934) is a novel by English writer Robert Graves, written in the form of an autobiography of the Roman Emperor Claudius.
I, Claudius is a 1976 BBC Television adaptation of Robert Graves' I, Claudius and Claudius the God.
Idistaviso is the location on the Weser river where forces commanded by Arminius fought those commanded by Germanicus at the Battle of the Weser River in 16 CE, attested in chapter 16 of Tacitus' Annales II.
Illyricum was a Roman province that existed from 27 BC to sometime during the reign of Vespasian (69–79 AD).
The Latin word imperator derives from the stem of the verb imperare, meaning ‘to order, to command’.
The Imperial cult of ancient Rome identified emperors and some members of their families with the divinely sanctioned authority (auctoritas) of the Roman State.
Imperium is a Latin word that, in a broad sense, translates roughly as 'power to command'.
According to Roman historiography, Inguiomer or Ingomar (Latinized Inguiomerus) was an influential chieftain of the Cherusci in the early 1st century AD.
Insubordination is the act of willfully disobeying an order of one's superior.
Jack Pulman (11 July 1925 – 20 May 1979) was an award-winning British television screenwriter, most famous for the critically acclaimed 1976 BBC television series, I, Claudius, based on the novels I Claudius and Claudius the God by Robert Graves.
The gens Julia or Iulia was one of the most ancient patrician families at Ancient Rome.
Julia (104 BC-after 39 BC) or Julia Antonia (known from the sources to distinguish her from other Juliae) was a daughter of Lucius Julius Caesar, the consul of 90 BC, and mother of the future triumvir and deputy of Caesar, Mark Antony.
Julia Drusilla (Classical Latin: IVLIA•DRVSILLA) (16 September 16 AD – 10 June 38 AD) was a member of the Roman imperial family, the second daughter and fifth child of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder to survive infancy.
Julia Livilla (Classical Latin: IVLIA•LIVILLA, also called IVLIA•GERMANICI•CAESARIS•FILIA or LIVILLA•GERMANICI•CAESARIS•FILIA) (early AD 18 - late AD 41 or early AD 42) was the youngest child of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder and the youngest sister of the Emperor Caligula.
Julia, also known as Julia Minor and Julia the Younger, (101–51 BC) was the second of two daughters of Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia Cotta.
The Julio-Claudian dynasty was the first Roman imperial dynasty, consisting of the first five emperors—Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero—or the family to which they belonged.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Jupiter (from Iūpiter or Iuppiter, *djous “day, sky” + *patēr “father," thus "heavenly father"), also known as Jove gen.
Justitium is a concept of Roman law, equivalent to the declaration of the state of emergency.
Karl Theodor von Piloty (1 October 1826 – 21 July 1886) was a German painter.
The Kingdom of Armenia, also the Kingdom of Greater Armenia, or simply Greater Armenia (Մեծ Հայք; Armenia Maior), was a monarchy in the Ancient Near East which existed from 321 BC to 428 AD.
The Kingdom of Cappadocia was a Hellenistic-era Iranian kingdom centered in the historical region of Cappadocia in Asia Minor (present-day Turkey).
The Kingdom of Commagene (Βασίλειον τῆς Kομμαγηνῆς; Կոմմագենեի թագավորություն) was an ancient Armenian kingdom of the Hellenistic period, located in and around the ancient city of Samosata, which served as its capital.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Law of treason, or lex maiestatis, refers to any one of several ancient Roman laws (leges maiestatis) throughout the republican and Imperial periods dealing with crimes against the Roman people, state, or Emperor.
Legio I Germanica, the 1st Germanic Legion, was a legion of the Imperial Roman army, possibly founded in 48 BC by Gaius Julius Caesar to fight for him in the civil war against Pompey.
Legio secunda Augusta ("Augustus' Second Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army that was founded during the late Roman republic.
Legio quinta alaudae ("Lark-crested Fifth Legion"), sometimes also known as Gallica, was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded in 52 BC by the general Gaius Julius Caesar (dictator of Rome 49-44 BC).
Legio X Fretensis ("Tenth legion of the Strait") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
Legio tertia decima Geminia, in English the 13th Twin Legion, also known as Legio tertia decima Gemina, was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
Legio quarta decima Gemina ("The Twinned Fourteenth Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army, levied by Julius Caesar in 57 BC.
Legio undevigesima ("Nineteenth Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
Legio sexta decima Gallica ("Gallic Sixteenth Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
Legio vigesima Valeria Victrix, in English Twentieth Victorious Valeria Legion was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
Legio vigesima prima rapax ("Rapacious Twenty-First Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
Lesbos (Λέσβος), or Lezbolar in Turkish sometimes referred to as Mytilene after its capital, is a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea.
The Lippe is a river in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
This is a list of consuls known to have held office, from the beginning of the Roman Republic to the latest use of the title in Imperial times, together with those magistrates of the Republic who were appointed in place of consuls, or who superseded consular authority for a limited period.
Livia Drusilla (Classical Latin: Livia•Drvsilla, Livia•Avgvsta) (30 January 58 BC – 28 September 29 AD), also known as Julia Augusta after her formal adoption into the Julian family in AD 14, was the wife of the Roman emperor Augustus throughout his reign, as well as his adviser.
Claudia Livia Julia (Classical Latin: LIVIA•IVLIA; c. 13 BC – AD 31) was the only daughter of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor and sister of the Roman Emperor Claudius and general Germanicus, and thus the paternal aunt of the emperor Caligula and maternal great-aunt of emperor Nero, as well as the niece and daughter-in-law of Tiberius.
Livineius Regulus was a Roman senator, active during the reign of Tiberius.
Lucius Caesar (Latin: Lucius Julius Caesar; 17 BC – 20 August AD 2) was the grandson of Augustus, the first Roman emperor and founder of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Lucius (or Gaius) Fulcinius Trio (died 35 CE) was a Roman senator who came from a plebeian family.
Lucius Julius Caesar (ca. 135 BC–87 BC) was a consul of the Roman Republic in 90 BC.
Lucius Munatius Plancus was a Roman senator and consul.
Lucius Pomponius Flaccus (died 33) was a Roman senator, who held a number of imperial appointments during the reign of Tiberius.
Lucius Seius Tubero was a Roman senator, who flourished under the reign of Tiberius.
Manius Aemilius Lepidus was the son or nephew of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus the Younger and consul of Rome in 11 AD.
The Marcomanni were a Germanic tribal confederation who eventually came to live in a powerful kingdom north of the Danube, somewhere in the region near modern Bohemia, during the peak of power of the nearby Roman Empire.
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (c. 30 BC – 33 AD) was a Roman senator, politician and general, praised by the historian Tacitus.
Marcus Antonius (Born 143 BC-died 87 BC) was a Roman politician of the Antonius family and one of the most distinguished Roman orators of his time.
Marcus Antonius Creticus (flourished 1st century BC) was a Roman politician, member of the Antonius family.
Marcus Atius Balbus (105 – 51 BC) was a 1st-century BC Roman who served as a praetor in 62 BC and became governor of Sardinia.
Marcus Cluvius Rufus was a Roman consul, senator, governor, and historian who was mentioned on several occasions by Tacitus, Suetonius, Cassius Dio, Josephus and Plutarch.
Marcus Livius Drusus Claudianus (fl. 1st century BC) was a senator of the Roman Republic.
Marcus Plautius Silvanus was a Roman politician and general active during the Principate.
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (64/62 BC – 12 BC) was a Roman consul, statesman, general and architect.
Marcus Antonius (Latin:; 14 January 1 August 30 BC), commonly known in English as Mark Antony or Marc Antony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.
Maroboduus (born circa 30 BC, died in AD 37), was a Romanized king of the Germanic Suebi, who under pressure from the wars of the Cherusci and Romans, and losing the Suevic Semnones and Langobardi from his kingdom, moved with the Marcomanni into the forests of Bohemia, near to the Quadi.
In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars (Mārs) was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome.
The Marsi (Marser) were a small Germanic tribe settled between the Rhine, Ruhr and Lippe rivers in northwest Germany.
Mattium was the ancient "capital" or principal settlement (Latin: "caput gentis") of the Chatti.
The Mausoleum of Augustus (Mausoleo di Augusto) is a large tomb built by the Roman Emperor Augustus in 28 BC on the Campus Martius in Rome, Italy.
Mazaei or Maezaei (Ancient Greek: Μαζαῖοι/Μαιζαῖοι) were a sub-tribe of the Illyrians, settled in what later became Pannonia.
Moesia (Latin: Moesia; Μοισία, Moisía) was an ancient region and later Roman province situated in the Balkans south of the Danube River.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
The Natural History (Naturalis Historia) is a book about the whole of the natural world in Latin by Pliny the Elder, a Roman author and naval commander who died in 79 AD.
Nero (Latin: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 15 December 37 – 9 June 68 AD) was the last Roman emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus (January 14, 38 BC – summer of 9 BC), born Decimus Claudius Drusus, also called Drusus Claudius Nero, Drusus, Drusus I, Nero Drusus, or Drusus the Elder was a Roman politician and military commander.
Nero Julius Caesar Germanicus (c. AD 6–31) was the adopted son and heir of Tiberius, alongside his brother Drusus.
Nicopolis (Νικόπολις Nikópolis, "City of Victory") or Actia Nicopolis was the capital city of the Roman province of Epirus Vetus.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Octavia the Younger (69 BC – 11 BC), also known as Octavia Minor or simply Octavia, was the elder sister of the first Roman Emperor, Augustus (known also as Octavian), the half-sister of Octavia the Elder, and the fourth wife of Mark Antony.
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
A palatine or palatinus (in Latin; plural palatini; cf. derivative spellings below) is a high-level official attached to imperial or royal courts in Europe since Roman times.
Pannonia was a province of the Roman Empire bounded north and east by the Danube, coterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia.
Parthia (𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺 Parθava; 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅 Parθaw; 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥 Pahlaw) is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran.
The patricians (from patricius) were originally a group of ruling class families in ancient Rome.
Philip Mackie (26 November 1918 – 23 December 1985) was a British film and television screenwriter.
Pinnes or Pinnetes was a Pannonian chieftain, who led a rebellion alongside Breucian chieftain Bato (part of the wider bellum Batonianum) until Bato betrayed him and handed him over to the Romans, thus securing the rule over the Breuci.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
The praenomen (plural: praenomina) was a personal name chosen by the parents of a Roman child.
Praetor (also spelled prætor) was a title granted by the government of Ancient Rome to men acting in one of two official capacities: the commander of an army (in the field or, less often, before the army had been mustered); or, an elected magistratus (magistrate), assigned various duties (which varied at different periods in Rome's history).
Princeps (plural: principes) is a Latin word meaning "first in time or order; the first, foremost, chief, the most eminent, distinguished, or noble; the first man, first person".
A proconsul was an official of ancient Rome who acted on behalf of a consul.
Publius Quinctilius Varus (46 BC Cremona, Roman Republic – September 9 AD near Kalkriese, Germany) was a Roman general and politician under the first Roman emperor Augustus.
Publius Vitellius was a first-century Roman commander under Germanicus.
A quaestor (investigator) was a public official in Ancient Rome.
Quintus Servaeus was a former praetor that was appointed by Germanicus to govern Commagene in 17 AD.
Quintus Veranius was governor of Cappadocia in AD 18.
Res gestae (Latin "things done") is a term found in substantive and procedural American jurisprudence and English law.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Rhodes (Ρόδος, Ródos) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands of Greece in terms of land area and also the island group's historical capital.
Richard Alston is professor of Roman history at Royal Holloway, University of London.
Rinteln is a small town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Robert Graves (24 July 1895 – 7 December 1985), also known as Robert von Ranke Graves, was an English poet, historical novelist, critic, and classicist.
The Roman army (Latin: exercitus Romanus) is a term that can in general be applied to the terrestrial armed forces deployed by the Romans throughout the duration of Ancient Rome, from the Roman Kingdom (to c. 500 BC) to the Roman Republic (500–31 BC) and the Roman Empire (31 BC – 395), and its medieval continuation the Eastern Roman Empire.
A consul held the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic (509 to 27 BC), and ancient Romans considered the consulship the highest level of the cursus honorum (an ascending sequence of public offices to which politicians aspired).
The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Roman Gaul refers to Gaul under provincial rule in the Roman Empire from the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD.
"Italia" was the name of the Italian Peninsula during the Roman era.
A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") was a large unit of the Roman army.
Over the course of some fourteen centuries, the Romans and other peoples of Italy employed a system of nomenclature that differed from that used by other cultures of Europe and the Mediterranean, consisting of a combination of personal and family names.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
The Roman Senate (Senatus Romanus; Senato Romano) was a political institution in ancient Rome.
Syria was an early Roman province, annexed to the Roman Republic in 64 BC by Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War, following the defeat of Armenian King Tigranes the Great.
The Roman triumph (triumphus) was a civil ceremony and religious rite of ancient Rome, held to publicly celebrate and sanctify the success of a military commander who had led Roman forces to victory in the service of the state or, originally and traditionally, one who had successfully completed a foreign war.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
__notoc__ The Ruhr is a river in western Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia), a right tributary (east-side) of the Rhine.
Sacrilege is the violation or injurious treatment of a sacred object or person.
Salona (Σάλωνα) was an ancient city and the capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia.
Scholia (singular scholium or scholion, from σχόλιον, "comment, interpretation") are grammatical, critical, or explanatory comments, either original or extracted from pre-existing commentaries, which are inserted on the margin of the manuscript of an ancient author, as glosses.
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.
The Second Triumvirate is the name historians have given to the official political alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Caesar Augustus), Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony), and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, formed on 27 November 43 BC with the enactment of the Lex Titia, the adoption of which some view as marking the end of the Roman Republic, whilst others argue the Battle of Actium or Octavian becoming Caesar Augustus in 27 BC.
Segestes was a noble of the Germanic tribe of the Cherusci involved in the events surrounding the Roman attempts to conquer northern Germany during the reign of Roman Emperor Augustus.
Lucius Aelius Sejanus (June 3, 20 BC – October 18, AD 31), commonly known as Sejanus, was an ambitious soldier, friend and confidant of the Roman Emperor Tiberius.
Seleucia in Pieria (Greek Σελεύκεια ἐν Πιερίᾳ), also known in English as Seleucia by the Sea, and later named Suedia, was a Hellenistic town, the seaport of Antioch ad Orontes (Syria Prima), the Seleucid capital, modern Antakya (Turkey).
The sestertius (plural sestertii), or sesterce (plural sesterces), was an ancient Roman coin.
Sisak (Sziszek; also known by other alternative names) is a city and episcopal see in central Croatia, located at the confluence of the Kupa, Sava and Odra rivers, southeast of the Croatian capital Zagreb, and is usually considered to be where the Posavina (Sava basin) begins, with an elevation of 99 m. The city's total population in 2011 was 47,768 of which 33,322 live in the urban settlement (naselje).
The Sodales or Sacerdotes Augustales (singular Sodalis or Sacerdos Augustalis), or simply Augustales,Tacitus, The Annals 1.54 were an order (sodalitas) of Roman priests instituted by Tiberius to attend to the maintenance of the cult of Augustus and the Julii.
In ancient Roman religion, Spes (pronounced) was the goddess of hope.
Strabo (Στράβων Strábōn; 64 or 63 BC AD 24) was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, commonly known as Suetonius (c. 69 – after 122 AD), was a Roman historian belonging to the equestrian order who wrote during the early Imperial era of the Roman Empire.
Sui iuris, commonly also spelled sui juris, is a Latin phrase that literally means "of one's own right".
In law, a summary judgment (also judgment as a matter of law) is a judgment entered by a court for one party and against another party summarily, i.e., without a full trial.
Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (–) was a senator and a historian of the Roman Empire.
The Temple of Apollo Palatinus (Palatine Apollo) was a temple on the Palatine Hill of ancient Rome, which was first dedicated by Augustus to his patron god Apollo.
The Caesars is a British television series produced by Granada Television for the ITV network in 1968.
The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject.
De vita Caesarum (Latin; literal translation: About the Life of the Caesars), commonly known as The Twelve Caesars, is a set of twelve biographies of Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of the Roman Empire written by Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus.
Thomas Banks (29 December 1735 – 2 February 1805) was an important 18th-century English sculptor.
Thusnelda (10 BC – unknown) was a Germanic noblewoman who was captured by the Roman general Germanicus during his invasion of Germania.
Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti filius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was Roman emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD, succeeding the first emperor, Augustus.
Tiberius Claudius Nero, often known as Tiberius Nero and Nero (85–33 BC) was a politician who lived in the last century of the Roman Republic.
Titus Statilius Taurus was the name of a line of Roman senators.
A tragic hero is the protagonist of a tragedy in drama.
Trajan (Imperator Caesar Nerva Trajanus Divi Nervae filius Augustus; 18 September 538August 117 AD) was Roman emperor from 98 to 117AD.
In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.
Troy (Τροία, Troia or Τροίας, Troias and Ἴλιον, Ilion or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Troia and Ilium;Trōia is the typical Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha; Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near (just south of) the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida.
The Tubantes were a Germanic tribe, living in the eastern part of The Netherlands, north of the Rhine river.
A tyrant (Greek τύραννος, tyrannos), in the modern English usage of the word, is an absolute ruler unrestrained by law or person, or one who has usurped legitimate sovereignty.
The Ubii around AD 30 The Ubii were a Germanic tribe first encountered dwelling on the right bank of the Rhine in the time of Julius Caesar, who formed an alliance with them in 55 BC in order to launch attacks across the river.
Usipetes or Usipii (in Plutarch's Greek, Ousipai, and possibly the same as the Ouispoi of Claudius Ptolemy) were an ancient tribe who moved into the area on the right bank (the northern or eastern bank) of the lower Rhine in the 1st century BC, putting them in contact with Gaul and the Roman empire.
A victory title is an honorific title adopted by a successful military commander to commemorate his defeat of an enemy nation.
Publius Vergilius Maro (traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.
Vonones I of Parthia (ΟΝΩΝΗΣ Onōnēs on his coins) ruled the Parthian Empire from about 8 to 12 AD.
The Weser is a river in Northwestern Germany.
Xanten (Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeús) is the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who rules as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.