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Gilles Deleuze

Index Gilles Deleuze

Gilles Deleuze (18 January 1925 – 4 November 1995) was a French philosopher who, from the early 1960s until his death in 1995, wrote on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art. [1]

198 relations: A Thousand Plateaus, A. W. Moore (philosopher), Absolute zero, Aesthetics, Affect (philosophy), Agrégation, Alain Badiou, Alain Resnais, Alan Sokal, Alfred North Whitehead, Anti-Oedipus, Antonio Negri, Aristotle, Arte, Assemblage (philosophy), Atheism, Baruch Spinoza, Bernard Stiegler, Bernard Williams, Body without organs, Brian Massumi, Bryan Reynolds, Buggery, Capitalism, Capitalism and Schizophrenia, Carmelo Bene, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Charles Sanders Peirce, Cinema 1: The Movement Image, Claire Parnet, Classical liberalism, Cogito, ergo sum, Concept, Continental philosophy, Critique of Pure Reason, David Hume, Deleuze and Guattari, Desiring-production, Deterritorialization, Dialogues (Gilles Deleuze), Difference (philosophy), Difference and Repetition, Douglas Kellner, Duns Scotus, Edmund Husserl, Elizabeth Grosz, Encyclopædia Britannica, Epistemology, Eternal return, Ethical naturalism, ..., Expressionism in Philosophy: Spinoza, Fashionable Nonsense, Fatalism, Félix Guattari, Ferdinand Alquié, Film, Fine art, François Dosse, France in the Middle Ages, Francis Bacon (artist), Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation, Franz Kafka, French Resistance, Friedrich Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Georges Canguilhem, German military administration in occupied France during World War II, Gilbert Simondon, Gilles Deleuze, Giorgio Agamben, God, Good and evil, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Gregg Lambert, Gregory Bateson, Henri Bergson, Holism, Idealism, Identity (philosophy), Ilya Prigogine, Immanence, Immanuel Kant, Individuation, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Jacques Derrida, Jacques Lacan, Jakob von Uexküll, Jean Bricmont, Jean Hyppolite, Jean Wahl, Jean-François Lyotard, Jean-Luc Godard, Jean-Paul Sartre, John Locke, Jorge Luis Borges, Karl Marx, Khâgne, L'Abécédaire de Gilles Deleuze, Labour economics, Levi Bryant, Line of flight, Literary theory, Literature, Louis Althusser, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Lycée Carnot, Lycée Henri-IV, Lycée Louis-le-Grand, Manfred Frank, Manuel DeLanda, Marcel Proust, Martin Heidegger, Marxism, Masochism: Coldness and Cruelty, Master of Arts, Materialism, Maurice de Gandillac, May 1968 events in France, Metaphilosophy, Metaphysics, Michael Hardt, Michael J. Shapiro, Michel Foucault, Minority (philosophy), Monism, Natural and legal rights, Nature, Nick Land, Nietzsche and Philosophy, Nothing, Objectivity (philosophy), On the Genealogy of Morality, Ontology, Paris, Paris 8 University, Pascal Engel, Perception, Personally identifiable information, Peter Hallward, Peter Sloterdijk, Philosophy, Pierre Klossowski, Plane of immanence, Plato, Pluralism (philosophy), Post-structuralism, Postmodernism, Power (social and political), Problem of future contingents, Process philosophy, Proust and Signs, Reason, René Descartes, René Thom, Rhizome (philosophy), Rosi Braidotti, Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, Samuel Beckett, Schizoanalysis, Scoliosis, Secondary education in France, Sigmund Freud, Slavoj Žižek, Speculative realism, Speed of light, Spinoza: Practical Philosophy, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanley Rosen, Steven Best, Stoicism, Study after Velázquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X, Subject (philosophy), Subjectivity, Substance theory, Telos (journal), The Logic of Sense, Theophany, Theory of forms, Thomas Aquinas, Todd May, Transcendental idealism, Tuberculosis, University of Lyon, University of Paris, Univocity of being, Vincennes, Vincent Descombes, Virtuality (philosophy), Wayne State University, Western philosophy, What is Philosophy? (Deleuze and Guattari), Wilfrid Sellars, Willard Van Orman Quine, William James, William S. Burroughs, World War II, 20th-century philosophy. Expand index (148 more) »

A Thousand Plateaus

A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (Mille plateaux) is a 1980 philosophy book by the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze and the French psychoanalyst Félix Guattari.

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A. W. Moore (philosopher)

Adrian William Moore (born 1956) is a Professor of Philosophy at the University of Oxford and Tutorial Fellow of St Hugh's College, Oxford.

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Absolute zero

Absolute zero is the lower limit of the thermodynamic temperature scale, a state at which the enthalpy and entropy of a cooled ideal gas reach their minimum value, taken as 0.

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Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.

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Affect (philosophy)

Affect (from Latin affectus or adfectus) is a concept, used in the philosophy of Baruch Spinoza and elaborated by Henri Bergson, Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, that places emphasis on bodily or embodied experience.

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In France, the agrégation is a competitive examination for civil service in the French public education system.

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Alain Badiou

Alain Badiou (born 17 January 1937) is a French philosopher, formerly chair of Philosophy at the École normale supérieure (ENS) and founder of the faculty of Philosophy of the Université de Paris VIII with Gilles Deleuze, Michel Foucault and Jean-François Lyotard.

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Alain Resnais

Alain Resnais (3 June 19221 March 2014) was a French film director and screenwriter whose career extended over more than six decades.

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Alan Sokal

Alan David Sokal (born January 24, 1955) is a professor of mathematics at University College London and professor of physics at New York University.

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Alfred North Whitehead

Alfred North Whitehead (15 February 1861 – 30 December 1947) was an English mathematician and philosopher.

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Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (Capitalisme et schizophrénie.) is a 1972 book by French authors Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, respectively a philosopher and a psychoanalyst.

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Antonio Negri

Antonio "Toni" Negri (born 1 August 1933) is an Italian Marxist sociologist and political philosopher, best known for his co-authorship of Empire and secondarily for his work on Spinoza.

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Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.

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ARTE (Association relative à la télévision européenne) is a public Franco-German TV network that promotes programming in the areas of culture and the arts.

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Assemblage (philosophy)

Assemblage (from assemblage, "a collection of things which have been gathered together or assembled") is an ontological framework developed by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, originally presented in their book A Thousand Plateaus (1980).

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Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.

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Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza (born Benedito de Espinosa,; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin.

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Bernard Stiegler

Bernard Stiegler (born 1 April 1952) is a French philosopher.

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Bernard Williams

Sir Bernard Arthur Owen Williams, FBA (21 September 1929 – 10 June 2003) was an English moral philosopher.

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Body without organs

The "body without organs" (corps sans organes) is a concept used by French philosopher Gilles Deleuze.

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Brian Massumi

Brian Massumi (born 1956) is a Canadian philosopher and social theorist.

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Bryan Reynolds

Bryan Reynolds (born 1965), Claire Trevor Professor at the University of California-Irvine, is an American critical theorist, performance theorist, and Shakespeare scholar who developed the combined social theory, performance aesthetics, and research methodology known as transversal poetics.

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The British English term buggery is very close in meaning to the term sodomy, often used interchangeably in law and popular speech.

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Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.

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Capitalism and Schizophrenia

Capitalism and Schizophrenia (Capitalisme et Schizophrénie) is a two-volume theoretical work by the French authors Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, respectively a philosopher and a psychoanalyst.

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Carmelo Bene

Carmelo Bene (1 September 1937 – 16 March 2002) was an Italian actor, poet, film director and screenwriter.

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Centre national de la recherche scientifique

The French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.

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Charles Sanders Peirce

Charles Sanders Peirce ("purse"; 10 September 1839 – 19 April 1914) was an American philosopher, logician, mathematician, and scientist who is sometimes known as "the father of pragmatism".

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Cinema 1: The Movement Image

Cinema 1: The Movement Image (Cinéma 1.) is a 1983 book by the philosopher Gilles Deleuze, in which the author combines philosophy with film criticism.

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Claire Parnet

Claire Parnet is a French journalist.

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Classical liberalism

Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on economic freedom.

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Cogito, ergo sum

Cogito, ergo sum is a Latin philosophical proposition by René Descartes usually translated into English as "I think, therefore I am".

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Concepts are mental representations, abstract objects or abilities that make up the fundamental building blocks of thoughts and beliefs.

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Continental philosophy

Continental philosophy is a set of 19th- and 20th-century philosophical traditions from mainland Europe.

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Critique of Pure Reason

The Critique of Pure Reason (Kritik der reinen Vernunft, KrV) (1781, Riga; second edition 1787) is a book by Immanuel Kant that has exerted an enduring influence on Western philosophy.

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David Hume

David Hume (born David Home; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism.

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Deleuze and Guattari

Gilles Deleuze, a French philosopher, and Félix Guattari, a French psychiatrist and political activist, wrote a number of works together (besides both having distinguished independent careers).

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Desiring-production (La production désirante) is a term coined by the French thinkers Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in their book Anti-Œdipus (1972).

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Deterritorialization (déterritorialisation) is a concept created by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in Anti-Oedipus (1972).

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Dialogues (Gilles Deleuze)

Dialogues (Dialogues) is a 1977 book in which Gilles Deleuze examines his philosophical pluralism in a series of discussions with Claire Parnet.

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Difference (philosophy)

Difference is a key concept of philosophy, denoting the process or set of properties by which one entity is distinguished from another within a relational field or a given conceptual system.

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Difference and Repetition

Difference and Repetition (Différence et Répétition) is a 1968 book by philosopher Gilles Deleuze, originally published in France.

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Douglas Kellner

Douglas Kellner (born 1943) is an academic who works at the intersection of "third generation" critical theory in the tradition of the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research, or Frankfurt School and in cultural studies in the tradition of the Birmingham Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, also known as the "Birmingham School".

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Duns Scotus

John Duns, commonly called Duns Scotus (1266 – 8 November 1308), is generally considered to be one of the three most important philosopher-theologians of the High Middle Ages (together with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham).

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Edmund Husserl

Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (or;; 8 April 1859 – 27 April 1938) was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology.

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Elizabeth Grosz

Elizabeth Grosz is a feminist theorist working in the US.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.

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Eternal return

Eternal return (also known as eternal recurrence) is a theory that the universe and all existence and energy has been recurring, and will continue to recur, in a self-similar form an infinite number of times across infinite time or space.

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Ethical naturalism

Ethical naturalism (also called moral naturalism or naturalistic cognitivistic definism) is the meta-ethical view which claims that: Reductive naturalism.

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Expressionism in Philosophy: Spinoza

Expressionism in Philosophy: Spinoza (Spinoza et le problème de l'expression) is a 1968 book by Gilles Deleuze, in which the author conceives Baruch Spinoza as a solitary thinker who envisioned philosophy as an enterprise of liberation and radical demystification.

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Fashionable Nonsense

Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals' Abuse of Science (Impostures Intellectuelles), published in the UK as Intellectual Impostures, is a book by physicists Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont.

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Fatalism is a philosophical doctrine that stresses the subjugation of all events or actions to destiny.

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Félix Guattari

Pierre-Félix Guattari (April 30, 1930 – August 29, 1992) was a French psychotherapist, philosopher, semiologist, and activist.

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Ferdinand Alquié

Ferdinand Alquié ((Carcassonne, Aude, 18 December 1906 – 28 February 1985, Montpellier) was a French philosopher and member of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques from 1978. In the years 1931 to 1945 he was a professor in various provincial and Parisian lycees, and later at the University of Montpellier and Sorbonne where he worked until he retired in 1979.

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A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.

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Fine art

In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.

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François Dosse

François Dosse (born 22 September 1950) is a French historian and philosopher who specializes in intellectual history.

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France in the Middle Ages

The Kingdom of France in the Middle Ages (roughly, from the 9th century to the middle of the 15th century) was marked by the fragmentation of the Carolingian Empire and West Francia (843–987); the expansion of royal control by the House of Capet (987–1328), including their struggles with the virtually independent principalities (duchies and counties, such as the Norman and Angevin regions) that had developed following the Viking invasions and through the piecemeal dismantling of the Carolingian Empire and the creation and extension of administrative/state control (notably under Philip II Augustus and Louis IX) in the 13th century; and the rise of the House of Valois (1328–1589), including the protracted dynastic crisis of the Hundred Years' War with the Kingdom of England (1337–1453) compounded by the catastrophic Black Death epidemic (1348), which laid the seeds for a more centralized and expanded state in the early modern period and the creation of a sense of French identity.

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Francis Bacon (artist)

Francis Bacon (28 October 1909 – 28 April 1992) was an Irish-British figurative painter known for his bold, grotesque, emotionally charged, raw imagery.

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Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation

Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation (Francis Bacon-Logique de la sensation) is a 1981 book by Gilles Deleuze, in which the author creates novel concepts related to art, aesthetics, percepts and sensation through the example of the work of the celebrated English painter Francis Bacon.

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Franz Kafka

Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-speaking Bohemian Jewish novelist and short story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature.

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French Resistance

The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.

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Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.

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Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (27 January 1775 – 20 August 1854), later (after 1812) von Schelling, was a German philosopher.

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Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher and the most important figure of German idealism.

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Georges Canguilhem

Georges Canguilhem (or; 4 June 1904 – 11 September 1995) was a French philosopher and physician who specialized in epistemology and the philosophy of science (in particular, biology).

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German military administration in occupied France during World War II

The Military Administration in France (Militärverwaltung in Frankreich; Occupation de la France par l'Allemagne) was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France.

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Gilbert Simondon

Gilbert Simondon (2 October 1924 – 7 February 1989) was a French philosopher best known for his theory of individuation, a major source of inspiration for Gilles Deleuze and Bernard Stiegler.

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Gilles Deleuze

Gilles Deleuze (18 January 1925 – 4 November 1995) was a French philosopher who, from the early 1960s until his death in 1995, wrote on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art.

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Giorgio Agamben

Giorgio Agamben (born 22 April 1942) is an Italian philosopher best known for his work investigating the concepts of the state of exception, form-of-life (borrowed from Ludwig Wittgenstein) and homo sacer.

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In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith.

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Good and evil

In religion, ethics, philosophy, and psychology "good and evil" is a very common dichotomy.

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (or; Leibnitz; – 14 November 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.

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Gregg Lambert

Gregg Lambert (born 1961) is an American philosopher and literary theorist, who writes on Baroque and Neo-Baroque cultural history, critical theory and film, the contemporary university, and especially on the philosophers Gilles Deleuze and Jacques Derrida.

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Gregory Bateson

Gregory Bateson (9 May 1904 – 4 July 1980) was an English anthropologist, social scientist, linguist, visual anthropologist, semiotician, and cyberneticist whose work intersected that of many other fields.

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Henri Bergson

Henri-Louis Bergson (18 October 1859 – 4 January 1941) was a French-Jewish philosopher who was influential in the tradition of continental philosophy, especially during the first half of the 20th century until World War II.

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Holism (from Greek ὅλος holos "all, whole, entire") is the idea that systems (physical, biological, chemical, social, economic, mental, linguistic) and their properties should be viewed as wholes, not just as a collection of parts.

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In philosophy, idealism is the group of metaphysical philosophies that assert that reality, or reality as humans can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial.

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Identity (philosophy)

In philosophy, identity, from ("sameness"), is the relation each thing bears only to itself.

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Ilya Prigogine

Viscount Ilya Romanovich Prigogine (Илья́ Рома́нович Приго́жин; 28 May 2003) was a physical chemist and Nobel laureate noted for his work on dissipative structures, complex systems, and irreversibility.

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The doctrine or theory of immanence holds that the divine encompasses or is manifested in the material world.

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Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.

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The principle of individuation, or principium individuationis, describes the manner in which a thing is identified as distinguished from other things.

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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP) is a scholarly online encyclopedia, dealing with philosophy, philosophical topics, and philosophers.

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Jacques Derrida

Jacques Derrida (born Jackie Élie Derrida;. See also. July 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) was a French Algerian-born philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology.

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Jacques Lacan

Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud".

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Jakob von Uexküll

Jakob Johann Baron von Uexküll (8 September 1864 – 25 July 1944) was a Baltic German biologist who worked in the fields of muscular physiology, animal behaviour studies, and the cybernetics of life.

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Jean Bricmont

Jean Bricmont (born 12 April 1952) is a Belgian theoretical physicist and philosopher of science.

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Jean Hyppolite

Jean Hyppolite (January 8, 1907 – October 26, 1968) was a French philosopher known for championing the work of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, and other German philosophers, and educating some of France's most prominent post-war thinkers.

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Jean Wahl

Jean André Wahl (25 May 188819 June 1974) was a French philosopher.

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Jean-François Lyotard

Jean-François Lyotard (10 August 1924 – 21 April 1998) was a French philosopher, sociologist, and literary theorist.

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Jean-Luc Godard

Jean-Luc Godard (born 3 December 1930) is a French-Swiss film director, screenwriter and film critic.

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Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.

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John Locke

John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".

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Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986) was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish-language literature.

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Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

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Khâgne is an informal French term for what are officially known as classes préparatoires littéraires, i.e. the classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles (CPGE), or classe prépa, dedicated to literature and the humanities.

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L'Abécédaire de Gilles Deleuze

L'Abécédaire de Gilles Deleuze (“Gilles Deleuze's alphabet book”) is a French television program produced by Pierre-André Boutang in 1988–1989, consisting of an eight-hour series of interviews between Gilles Deleuze and Claire Parnet.

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Labour economics

Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.

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Levi Bryant

Levi Bryant, born Paul Reginald Bryant, is a Professor of Philosophy at Collin College in the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area.

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Line of flight

A line of flight (ligne de fuite) is a concept developed by Gilles Deleuze and used extensively in his work with Félix Guattari.

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Literary theory

Literary theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for analyzing literature.

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Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.

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Louis Althusser

Louis Pierre Althusser (16 October 1918 – 22 October 1990) was a French Marxist philosopher.

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Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.

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Lycée Carnot

The Lycée Carnot is a public secondary and higher education school located at 145 Boulevard Malesherbes in the 17th arrondissement, Paris, France.

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Lycée Henri-IV

The Lycée Henri-IV is a public secondary school located in Paris.

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Lycée Louis-le-Grand

The Lycée Louis-le-Grand is a prestigious secondary school located in Paris.

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Manfred Frank

Manfred Frank (born March 22, 1945) is a German philosopher, emeritus professor of philosophy at the University of Tübingen.

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Manuel DeLanda

Manuel DeLanda (born 1952) is a Mexican-American writer, artist and philosopher who has lived in New York since 1975.

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Marcel Proust

Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922), known as Marcel Proust, was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier rendered as Remembrance of Things Past), published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.

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Martin Heidegger

Martin Heidegger (26 September 188926 May 1976) was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition and philosophical hermeneutics, and is "widely acknowledged to be one of the most original and important philosophers of the 20th century." Heidegger is best known for his contributions to phenomenology and existentialism, though as the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy cautions, "his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only with extreme care and qualification".

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Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

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Masochism: Coldness and Cruelty

Masochism: Coldness and Cruelty (Présentation de Sacher-Masoch) is a 1967 book by Gilles Deleuze, originally published in French as Le Froid et le Cruel (Les Éditions de Minuit, 1967), in which the author philosophically examines the work of the late 19th-century Austrian novelist Leopold von Sacher-Masoch.

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Master of Arts

A Master of Arts (Magister Artium; abbreviated MA; also Artium Magister, abbreviated AM) is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech.

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Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all things, including mental aspects and consciousness, are results of material interactions.

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Maurice de Gandillac

Maurice de Gandillac (14 February 1906 – 20 April 2006) was a French philosopher.

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May 1968 events in France

The volatile period of civil unrest in France during May 1968 was punctuated by demonstrations and massive general strikes as well as the occupation of universities and factories across France.

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Metaphilosophy (sometimes called philosophy of philosophy) is "the investigation of the nature of philosophy".

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Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of being, existence, and reality.

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Michael Hardt

Michael Hardt (born 1960) is an American literary theorist and political philosopher.

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Michael J. Shapiro

Michael Joseph Shapiro (born February 16, 1940) is an American educator, theorist, and writer.

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Michel Foucault

Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.

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Minority (philosophy)

Minority, and the related concept of "becoming-minor", is a philosophical concept developed by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in their books Kafka: Towards a Minor Literature (1975), A Thousand Plateaus (1980), and elsewhere.

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Monism attributes oneness or singleness (Greek: μόνος) to a concept e.g., existence.

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Natural and legal rights

Natural and legal rights are two types of rights.

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Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.

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Nick Land

Nick Land (born 17 January 1962) is an English philosopher, short-story horror writer, blogger, and "the father of accelerationism".

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Nietzsche and Philosophy

Nietzsche and Philosophy (Nietzsche et la philosophie) is a 1962 book about Friedrich Nietzsche by the philosopher Gilles Deleuze, in which the author treats Nietzsche as a systematically coherent philosopher, discussing concepts such as the will to power and the eternal return.

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Nothing is a concept denoting the absence of something, and is associated with nothingness.

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Objectivity (philosophy)

Objectivity is a central philosophical concept, objective means being independent of the perceptions thus objectivity means the property of being independent from the perceptions, which has been variously defined by sources.

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On the Genealogy of Morality

On the Genealogy of Morality: A Polemic (Zur Genealogie der Moral: Eine Streitschrift) is an 1887 book by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.

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Ontology (introduced in 1606) is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Paris 8 University

The University of Paris VIII or University of Vincennes in Saint-Denis (French: Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis or Université de Vincennes à Saint-Denis) is a public university in Paris.

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Pascal Engel

Pascal Engel (born 1954) is a French philosopher, working on the philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, epistemology and philosophy of logic.

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Perception (from the Latin perceptio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.

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Personally identifiable information

Personal information, described in United States legal fields as either personally identifiable information (PII), or sensitive personal information (SPI), as used in information security and privacy laws, is information that can be used on its own or with other information to identify, contact, or locate a single person, or to identify an individual in context.

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Peter Hallward

Peter Hallward is a political philosopher, best known for his work on Alain Badiou and Gilles Deleuze.

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Peter Sloterdijk

Peter Sloterdijk (born 26 June 1947) is a German philosopher and cultural theorist.

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Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

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Pierre Klossowski

Pierre Klossowski (August 9, 1905, Paris – August 12, 2001, Paris) was a French writer, translator and artist.

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Plane of immanence

Plane of immanence (plan d'immanence) is a founding concept in the metaphysics or ontology of French philosopher Gilles Deleuze.

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Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

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Pluralism (philosophy)

Pluralism is a term used in philosophy, meaning "doctrine of multiplicity", often used in opposition to monism ("doctrine of unity") and dualism ("doctrine of duality").

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Post-structuralism is associated with the works of a series of mid-20th-century French, continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to be known internationally in the 1960s and 1970s.

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Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.

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Power (social and political)

In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.

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Problem of future contingents

Future contingent propositions (or simply, future contingents) are statements about states of affairs in the future that are contingent: neither necessarily true nor necessarily false.

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Process philosophy

Process philosophy — also ontology of becoming, processism, or philosophy of organism — identifies metaphysical reality with change and development.

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Proust and Signs

Proust and Signs (Marcel Proust et les signes) is a 1964 book by Gilles Deleuze, in which the author explores the system of signs within the work of the celebrated French novelist Marcel Proust.

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Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.

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René Descartes

René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.

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René Thom

René Frédéric Thom (2 September 1923 – 25 October 2002) was a French mathematician.

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Rhizome (philosophy)

Rhizome is a philosophical concept developed by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in their Capitalism and Schizophrenia (1972–1980) project.

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Rosi Braidotti

Rosi Braidotti (born 28 September 1954) is a contemporary philosopher and feminist theoretician.

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Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France, on a hill above the river Vienne.

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Samuel Beckett

Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish avant-garde novelist, playwright, theatre director, poet, and literary translator who lived in Paris for most of his adult life.

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Schizoanalysis (schizanalyse; schizo- from Greek σχίζειν skhizein, meaning "to split") is a concept created by philosopher Gilles Deleuze and psychoanalyst Félix Guattari and first expounded in their book Anti-Oedipus (1972).

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Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve.

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Secondary education in France

In France, secondary education is in two stages.

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Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

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Slavoj Žižek

Slavoj Žižek (born 21 March 1949) is a Slovenian continental philosopher.

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Speculative realism

Speculative realism is a movement in contemporary Continental-inspired philosophy that defines itself loosely in its stance of metaphysical realism against the dominant forms of post-Kantian philosophy (or what it terms "correlationism").

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Speed of light

The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.

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Spinoza: Practical Philosophy

Spinoza: Practical Philosophy (Spinoza: Philosophie pratique) (1970; second edition 1981) is a book by the philosopher Gilles Deleuze, in which the author examines Baruch Spinoza's philosophy, discussing Ethics (1677) and other works such as the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus (1670), providing a lengthy chapter defining Spinoza's main concepts in dictionary form.

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Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) combines an online encyclopedia of philosophy with peer-reviewed publication of original papers in philosophy, freely accessible to Internet users.

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Stanley Rosen

Stanley Rosen (July 29, 1929 – May 4, 2014) was Borden Parker Bowne Professor of Philosophy and Professor Emeritus at Boston University.

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Steven Best

Steven Best (born December 1955) is an American author, total liberation advocate, and associate professor of philosophy at the University of Texas at El Paso.

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Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC.

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Study after Velázquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X

Study after Velázquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X is a 1953 painting by the artist Francis Bacon.

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Subject (philosophy)

A subject is a being who has a unique consciousness and/or unique personal experiences, or an entity that has a relationship with another entity that exists outside itself (called an "object").

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Subjectivity is a central philosophical concept, related to consciousness, agency, personhood, reality, and truth, which has been variously defined by sources.

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Substance theory

Substance theory, or substance attribute theory, is an ontological theory about objecthood, positing that a substance is distinct from its properties.

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Telos (journal)

Telos is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal established in May 1968 to provide the New Left with a coherent theoretical perspective.

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The Logic of Sense

The Logic of Sense (Logique du sens) is a 1969 book by the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze.

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Theophany (from Ancient Greek (ἡ) θεοφάνεια theophaneia, meaning "appearance of a god") is the appearance of a deity to a human.

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Theory of forms

The theory of Forms or theory of Ideas is Plato's argument that non-physical (but substantial) forms (or ideas) represent the most accurate reality.

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Thomas Aquinas

Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.

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Todd May

Todd Gifford May (born 1955 in New York City, New York) is a political philosopher who writes on topics of anarchism, poststructuralism, and post-structuralist anarchism.

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Transcendental idealism

Transcendental idealism is a doctrine founded by German philosopher Immanuel Kant in the 18th century.

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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

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University of Lyon

The University of Lyon (Université de Lyon), located in Lyon and Saint-Étienne, France, is a center for higher education and research comprising 16 institutions of higher education.

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University of Paris

The University of Paris (Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne (one of its buildings), was a university in Paris, France, from around 1150 to 1793, and from 1806 to 1970.

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Univocity of being

Univocity of being is the idea that words describing the properties of God mean the same thing as when they apply to people or things, even if God is vastly different in kind.

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Vincennes is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.

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Vincent Descombes

Vincent Descombes (born 1943) is a French philosopher.

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Virtuality (philosophy)

Virtuality is a concept in philosophy elaborated by French thinker.

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Wayne State University

Wayne State University (WSU) is a public research university located in Detroit, Michigan.

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Western philosophy

Western philosophy is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.

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What is Philosophy? (Deleuze and Guattari)

What is Philosophy? (Qu'est-ce que la philosophie?) is a 1991 book by French authors Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, respectively a philosopher and a psychoanalyst.

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Wilfrid Sellars

Wilfrid Stalker Sellars (May 20, 1912 – July 2, 1989) was an American philosopher and prominent developer of critical realism, who "revolutionized both the content and the method of philosophy in the United States".

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Willard Van Orman Quine

Willard Van Orman Quine (known to intimates as "Van"; June 25, 1908 – December 25, 2000) was an American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, recognized as "one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century." From 1930 until his death 70 years later, Quine was continually affiliated with Harvard University in one way or another, first as a student, then as a professor of philosophy and a teacher of logic and set theory, and finally as a professor emeritus who published or revised several books in retirement.

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William James

William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States.

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William S. Burroughs

William Seward Burroughs II (February 5, 1914 – August 2, 1997) was an American writer and visual artist.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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20th-century philosophy

20th-century philosophy saw the development of a number of new philosophical schools—including logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and poststructuralism.

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Deleuze, Deleuzian, Deleuzianism, Giles Deleuze, Transcendental empiricism.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilles_Deleuze

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