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Ginkgo biloba

Index Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba, commonly known as ginkgo or gingko (both pronounced), also known as the maidenhair tree, is the only living species in the division Ginkgophyta, all others being extinct. [1]

201 relations: Adiantum, Adiantum capillus-veneris, Adipostatin A, Aerial root, Alkylphenol, Allergen, Altitude sickness, Alzheimer's disease, Anacardic acids, Anastomosis, André Michaux, Anticoagulant, Aphrodisiac, Apricot, Aspirin, Attention, Autumn, Award of Garden Merit, Baiera, Bennettitales, Biflavonoid, Bilobalide, Bilobol, Binomial nomenclature, Bleeding time, Blister, Bonsai, Buddha's delight, Buddhism, Butter, Butyric acid, Carl Linnaeus, Cashew, Cenozoic, Chawanmushi, China, Chinese cuisine, Chinese New Year, Clade, Clinical trial, Cognition, Commission E, Confucianism, Congee, Conifer cone, Crown (botany), Cultivar, Cycad, Dalou Mountains, Dermatitis, ..., Diarrhea, Dietary supplement, Disturbance (ecology), DNA, Early Cretaceous, Early Jurassic, Ecotype, Edo period, Engelbert Kaempfer, Eocene, Evolution, Extract, Female, Fern, Flavonoid, Flowering plant, Fruit, Gametophyte, Garlic, Gastrointestinal disease, Gene, Genome, Ginger, Ginkgo, Ginkgo adiantoides, Ginkgo apodes, Ginkgo cranei, Ginkgo gardneri, Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park, Ginkgo yimaensis, Ginkgoaceae, Ginkgoales, Ginkgolide, Ginkgotoxin, Ginseng, Glossary of plant morphology, Glycoside, Gymnosperm, Herbalism, Hibakujumoku, Hirase Sakugorō, Hiroshima, History of the world, Holocene, Hypertension, Isorhamnetin, James Edward Smith, Japan, Japanese garden, Japanese language, Japanese tea ceremony, Jurassic, Kaempferol, Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Kanji, Korean language, Kugyō (priest), Lactation, Latin, Laurasia, Leaf, Lignotuber, List of edible seeds, Living fossil, Loanword, Loess, Macular degeneration, Male, Memory, Menopause, Microsporangia, Minamoto no Sanetomo, Motility, Myōjin-shō, Myricetin, Naturalisation (biology), Nausea, Neontology, North America, Northern Hemisphere, Nucleobase, OPALS (Ogren Plant Allergy Scale), Ovary (botany), Ovule, Paleocene, Palpitations, Parts-per notation, Peltaspermales, Penjing, Peripheral artery disease, Permian, Pharmacodynamics, Phenolic acid, Phylum, Pinophyta, Plant stem, Pliocene, Pollen, Pollination, Polyprenol, Pregnancy, Proanthocyanidin, Pteridospermatophyta, Pyridoxine, Quercetin, Richard Anthony Salisbury, Romanization of Japanese, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Royal Horticultural Society, Saffron (color), Sarcotesta, Scotland, Sex, Shinto shrine, Shukkei-en, South Central China, Southern Hemisphere, Southwest China, Speciation, Spelling pronunciation, Spermatophyte, Sphenobaiera, Sporophyll, Stroke, Subspecies, Systematic review, Terpene, The Quarto Group, Tianmu Mountain, Tibetan Plateau, Tinnitus, Tokyo, Toxicodendron, Toxicodendron radicans, Traditional medicine, Tsurugaoka Hachimangū, United Kingdom, United States Forest Service, University of California, Berkeley, University of Minnesota, Urasenke, Urban legend, Urushiol, Vietnamese language, Vomiting, Warfarin, Washington (state), Western world, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Zhejiang. Expand index (151 more) »


Adiantum, the walking fern or maidenhair fern, is a genus of about 250 species of ferns in the Vittarioideae subfamily of the family Pteridaceae, though some researchers place it in its own family, Adiantaceae.

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Adiantum capillus-veneris

Adiantum capillus-veneris, the Southern maidenhair fern, black maidenhair fern, maidenhair fern, and venus hair fern, is a species of ferns in the genus Adiantum and the family Pteridaceae with a subcosmopolitan worldwide distribution.

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Adipostatin A

Adipostatin A is an alkylresorcinol, a type of phenolic lipids composed of long aliphatic chains and phenolic rings.

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Aerial root

Aerial roots are roots above the ground.

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Alkylphenols are a family of organic compounds obtained by the alkylation of phenols.

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An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.

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Altitude sickness

Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a negative health effect of high altitude, caused by acute exposure to low amounts of oxygen at high altitude.

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Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.

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Anacardic acids

Anacardic acids are phenolic lipids, chemical compounds found in the shell of the cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale).

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An anastomosis (plural anastomoses) is a connection or opening between two things (especially cavities or passages) that are normally diverging or branching, such as between blood vessels, leaf veins, or streams.

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André Michaux

André Michaux, also styled Andrew Michaud, (8 March 174613 November 1802) was a French botanist and explorer.

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Anticoagulants, commonly referred to as blood thinners, are chemical substances that prevent or reduce coagulation of blood, prolonging the clotting time.

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An aphrodisiac or love drug is a substance that increases libido when consumed.

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An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).

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Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is a medication used to treat pain, fever, or inflammation.

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Attention, also referred to as enthrallment, is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether deemed subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information.

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Autumn, also known as fall in American and Canadian English, is one of the four temperate seasons.

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Award of Garden Merit

The Award of Garden Merit (AGM) is a long-established annual award for plants by the British Royal Horticultural Society (RHS).

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Baiera is a genus of prehistoric gymnosperms in the order Ginkgoales.

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Bennettitales (also known as cycadeoids) is an extinct order of seed plants that first appeared in the Triassic period and became extinct in most areas toward the end of the Cretaceous (i.e. they existed around 252 to 66 million years ago), although some Bennettitales appear to have survived into Oligocene times in Tasmania and eastern Australia.

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Biflavonoids are a type of flavonoids with the general formula scheme (C6-C3-C6)2.

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Bilobalide is a biologically active terpenic trilactone present in Ginkgo biloba.

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Bilobol is an alkylresorcinol, a type of phenolic lipids composed of long aliphatic chains and phenolic rings.

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Binomial nomenclature

Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.

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Bleeding time

Bleeding time is a medical test done on someone to assess their platelets function.

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A blister is a small pocket of body fluid (lymph, serum, plasma, blood, or pus) within the upper layers of the skin, typically caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection.

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(tray planting) is a Japanese art form using cultivation techniques to produce small trees in containers that mimic the shape and scale of full size trees.

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Buddha's delight

Buddha's delight, often transliterated as Luóhàn zhāi, lo han jai, or lo hon jai, is a vegetarian dish well known in Chinese and Buddhist cuisine.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.

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Butyric acid

Butyric acid (from βούτῡρον, meaning "butter"), also known under the systematic name butanoic acid, abbreviated BTA, is a carboxylic acid with the structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and the cashew apple.

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The Cenozoic Era meaning "new life", is the current and most recent of the three Phanerozoic geological eras, following the Mesozoic Era and, extending from 66 million years ago to the present day.

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is an egg custard dish found in Japan.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chinese cuisine

Chinese cuisine is an important part of Chinese culture, which includes cuisine originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.

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Chinese New Year

Chinese New Year, usually known as the Spring Festival in modern China, is an important Chinese festival celebrated at the turn of the traditional lunisolar Chinese calendar.

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A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".

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Clinical trial

Clinical trials are experiments or observations done in clinical research.

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Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".

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Commission E

The German Commission E is a scientific advisory board of the "Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte" (the German equivalent of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)), formed in 1978.

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Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.

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Congee or conjee is a type of rice porridge or gruel popular in many Asian countries, especially East Asia.

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Conifer cone

A cone (in formal botanical usage: strobilus, plural strobili) is an organ on plants in the division Pinophyta (conifers) that contains the reproductive structures.

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Crown (botany)

The crown of a plant refers to the totality of an individual plant's aboveground parts, including stems, leaves, and reproductive structures.

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The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.

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Cycads are seed plants with a long fossil history that were formerly more abundant and more diverse than they are today.

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Dalou Mountains

The Dalou Mountains (are a range of limestone mountains running north east to south west across the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau spanning Guizhou and Sichuan Provinces, People's Republic of China. At, Mount Jinfo (金佛山) in Nanchuan District, Chongqing is the highest peak in a range that is also the watershed between the Wu and Chishui rivers.

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Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.

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Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.

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Dietary supplement

A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.

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Disturbance (ecology)

In biology, a disturbance is a temporary change in environmental conditions that causes a pronounced change in an ecosystem.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Early Cretaceous

The Early Cretaceous/Middle Cretaceous (geochronological name) or the Lower Cretaceous (chronostratigraphic name), is the earlier or lower of the two major divisions of the Cretaceous.

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Early Jurassic

The Early Jurassic epoch (in chronostratigraphy corresponding to the Lower Jurassic series) is the earliest of three epochs of the Jurassic period.

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In evolutionary ecology, an ecotype,Greek: οίκος.

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Edo period

The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.

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Engelbert Kaempfer

Engelbert Kaempfer (German Engelbert Kämpfer, Latin Engelbertus Kaempferus; September 16, 1651 – November 2, 1716) was a German naturalist, physician, and explorer writer known for his tour of Russia, Persia, India, South-East Asia, and Japan between 1683 and 1693.

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The Eocene Epoch, lasting from, is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Paleogene Period in the Cenozoic Era.

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Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.

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An extract is a substance made by extracting a part of a raw material, often by using a solvent such as ethanol or water.

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Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).

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A fern is a member of a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers.

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Flavonoids (or bioflavonoids) (from the Latin word flavus meaning yellow, their color in nature) are a class of plant and fungus secondary metabolites.

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Flowering plant

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.

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In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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A gametophyte is one of the two alternating phases in the life cycle of plants and algae.

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Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.

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Gastrointestinal disease

Gastrointestinal diseases refer to diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, and the accessory organs of digestion, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.

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Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine.

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Ginkgo is a genus of highly unusual non-flowering plants.

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Ginkgo adiantoides

Ginkgo adiantoides is an extinct ginkgo species in the family Ginkgoaceae from the Late Cretaceous to the Miocene.

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Ginkgo apodes

Ginkgo apodes is an extinct ginkgo species in the family Ginkgoaceae.

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Ginkgo cranei

Ginkgo cranei is an extinct Ginkgo species in the family Ginkgoaceae described from a series of isolated fossil ovulate organs and leaves.

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Ginkgo gardneri

Ginkgo gardneri is an extinct ginkgo species in the family Ginkgoaceae from the Paleocene of Scotland, described in 1936 by Rudolf Florin.

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Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park

Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park/Wanapum Recreational Area is a Washington state park at Vantage, Washington that includes of shoreline on the Wanapum Reservoir on the Columbia River.

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Ginkgo yimaensis

Ginkgo yimaensis is an extinct ginkgo species in the family Ginkgoaceae.

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The Ginkgoaceae is a family of gymnosperms which appeared during the Mesozoic Era, of which the only extant representative is Ginkgo biloba, which is for this reason sometimes regarded as a living fossil.

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Ginkgoales or Ginkgophyte is a gymnosperm order containing only one extant species: Ginkgo biloba, the ginkgo tree.

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Ginkgolides are biologically active terpenic lactones present in Ginkgo biloba.

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Ginkgotoxin (4'-O-methylpyridoxine) is a neurotoxin naturally occurring in Ginkgo biloba.

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Ginseng is the root of plants in the genus Panax, such as Korean ginseng (P. ginseng), South China ginseng (P. notoginseng), and American ginseng (P. quinquefolius), typically characterized by the presence of ginsenosides and gintonin.

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Glossary of plant morphology

This page provides a glossary of plant morphology.

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In chemistry, a glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond.

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The gymnosperms are a group of seed-producing plants that includes conifers, cycads, Ginkgo, and gnetophytes.

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Herbalism (also herbal medicine or phytotherapy) is the study of botany and use of plants intended for medicinal purposes or for supplementing a diet.

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Hibakujumoku (被爆樹木; also called survivor tree or A-bombed tree in English) is a Japanese term for a tree that survived the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in 1945.

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Hirase Sakugorō

was a Japanese botanist and painter.

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is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu - the largest island of Japan.

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History of the world

The history of the world is the history of humanity (or human history), as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from secondary sources and studies.

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The Holocene is the current geological epoch.

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Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.

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Isorhamnetin is an O-methylated flavon-ol from the class of flavonoids.

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James Edward Smith

Sir James Edward Smith (2 December 1759 – 17 March 1828) was an English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese garden

are traditional gardens whose designs are accompanied by Japanese aesthetic and philosophical ideas, avoid artificial ornamentation, and highlight the natural landscape.

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Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

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Japanese tea ceremony

The Japanese tea ceremony, also called the Way of Tea, is a Japanese cultural activity involving the ceremonial preparation and presentation of matcha (抹茶), powdered green tea.

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The Jurassic (from Jura Mountains) was a geologic period and system that spanned 56 million years from the end of the Triassic Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Cretaceous Period Mya.

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Kaempferol is a natural flavonol, a type of flavonoid, found in a variety of plants and plant-derived foods.

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is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Kanagawa Prefecture

is a prefecture located in Kantō region of Japan.

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Kanji (漢字) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system.

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Korean language

The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.

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Kugyō (priest)

, also known as or, was the second son of the second Kamakura shogun of Japan, Minamoto no Yoriie.

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Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Laurasia was the more northern of two supercontinents (the other being Gondwana) that formed part of the Pangaea supercontinent around (Mya).

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A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

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A lignotuber is a woody swelling of the root crown possessed by some plants as a protection against destruction of the plant stem, such as by fire.

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List of edible seeds

An edible seed is a seed that is suitable for human or animal consumption.

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Living fossil

A living fossil is an extant taxon that closely resembles organisms otherwise known only from the fossil record.

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A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.

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Loess (from German Löss) is a clastic, predominantly silt-sized sediment that is formed by the accumulation of wind-blown dust.

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Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD), is a medical condition which may result in blurred or no vision in the center of the visual field.

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A male (♂) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm.

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Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.

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Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.

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Microsporangia are sporangia that produce microspores and give rise to male gametes.

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Minamoto no Sanetomo

was the third shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate.

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Motility is the ability of an organism to move independently, using metabolic energy.

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is a submarine volcano located about 450 kilometers south of Tokyo on the Izu-Ogasawara Ridge in the Izu Islands.

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Myricetin is a member of the flavonoid class of polyphenolic compounds, with antioxidant properties.

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Naturalisation (biology)

In biology, naturalisation (or naturalization) is any process by which a non-native organism or species spreads into the wild and its reproduction is sufficient to maintain its population.

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Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.

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Neontology is a part of biology that, in contrast to paleontology, deals with living (or, more generally, recent) organisms.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Northern Hemisphere

The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is north of the Equator.

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Nucleobases, also known as nitrogenous bases or often simply bases, are nitrogen-containing biological compounds that form nucleosides, which in turn are components of nucleotides, with all of these monomers constituting the basic building blocks of nucleic acids.

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OPALS (Ogren Plant Allergy Scale)

OPALS is an acronym for Ogren Plant Allergy Scale.

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Ovary (botany)

In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.

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In seed plants, the ovule is the structure that gives rise to and contains the female reproductive cells.

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The Paleocene or Palaeocene, the "old recent", is a geological epoch that lasted from about.

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Palpitations are the perceived abnormality of the heartbeat characterized by awareness of cardiac muscle contractions in the chest: hard, fast and/or irregular beats.

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Parts-per notation

In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo-units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.

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The Peltaspermales are an extinct order of plants belonging to Pteridospermatophyta, or seed ferns.

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Penjing, also known as penzai, is the ancient Chinese art of depicting artistically formed trees, other plants, and landscapes in miniature.

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Peripheral artery disease

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing of the arteries other than those that supply the heart or the brain.

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The Permian is a geologic period and system which spans 47 million years from the end of the Carboniferous Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Triassic period 251.902 Mya.

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Pharmacodynamics is the study of the biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs (especially pharmaceutical drugs).

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Phenolic acid

Phenolic acids or phenolcarboxylic acids are types of aromatic acid compound.

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In biology, a phylum (plural: phyla) is a level of classification or taxonomic rank below Kingdom and above Class.

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The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.

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Plant stem

A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.

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The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.

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Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).

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Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, enabling later fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind.

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Polyprenols are natural long-chain isoprenoid alcohols of the general formula H-(C5H8)n-OH where n is the number of isoprene units.

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Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.

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Proanthocyanidins are a class of polyphenols found in a variety of plants.

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The term Pteridospermatophyta (or "seed ferns" or "Pteridospermatopsida") refers to several distinct groups of extinct seed-bearing plants (spermatophytes).

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Pyridoxine, also known as vitamin B6, is a form of vitamin B6 found commonly in food and used as dietary supplement.

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Quercetin, a plant flavonol from the flavonoid group of polyphenols, is found in many fruits, vegetables, leaves, and grains; red onions and kale are common foods containing appreciable content of quercetin.

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Richard Anthony Salisbury

Richard Anthony Salisbury, FRS (born Richard Anthony Markham; 2 May 1761 – 23 March 1829) was a British botanist.

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Romanization of Japanese

The romanization of Japanese is the use of Latin script to write the Japanese language.

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Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (brand name Kew) is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

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Royal Horticultural Society

The Royal Horticultural Society (RHS), founded in 1804 as the Horticultural Society of London, is the UK's leading gardening charity.

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Saffron (color)

Saffron,also known as Saffron Orange,is a color that is a tone of golden orange resembling the color of the tip of the saffron crocus thread, from which the spice saffron is derived.

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The sarcotesta is a fleshy seedcoat, a type of testa.

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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Organisms of many species are specialized into male and female varieties, each known as a sex. Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent.

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Shinto shrine

A is a structure whose main purpose is to house ("enshrine") one or more kami.

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is a historic Japanese garden in the city of Hiroshima, Japan.

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South Central China

South Central China is a region of the People's Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the province of Guangdong, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan, and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, however the two provincial-level special administrative regions (SAR) are also often included under South Central China: Hong Kong and Macau.

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Southern Hemisphere

The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.

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Southwest China

Southwest China is a region of the People's Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the municipality of Chongqing, the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou, and the Tibet Autonomous Region.

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Speciation is the evolutionary process by which populations evolve to become distinct species.

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Spelling pronunciation

A spelling pronunciation is the pronunciation of a word according to its spelling, at odds with a standard or traditional pronunciation.

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The spermatophytes, also known as phanerogams or phenogamae, comprise those plants that produce seeds, hence the alternative name seed plants.

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Sphenobaiera is a plant that lived in the Late Cretaceous period.

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A sporophyll is a leaf that bears sporangia.

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A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.

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In biological classification, the term subspecies refers to a unity of populations of a species living in a subdivision of the species’s global range and varies from other populations of the same species by morphological characteristics.

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Systematic review

Systematic reviews are a type of literature review that uses systematic methods to collect secondary data, critically appraise research studies, and synthesize studies.

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Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.

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The Quarto Group

The Quarto Group is a global illustrated book publishing group founded in 1976.

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Tianmu Mountain

Tianmu Mountain, Mount Tianmu, or Tianmushan (Chinese: 天目山, p Tiānmù Shān, lit. "Heavenly Eyes Mountain") is a mountain in Lin'an County west of Hangzhou, Zhejiang, in eastern China.

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Tibetan Plateau

The Tibetan Plateau, also known in China as the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau or the Qing–Zang Plateau or Himalayan Plateau, is a vast elevated plateau in Central Asia and East Asia, covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai in western China, as well as part of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, India.

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Tinnitus is the hearing of sound when no external sound is present.

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, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.

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Toxicodendron is a genus of flowering plants in the sumac family, Anacardiaceae.

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Toxicodendron radicans

Toxicodendron radicans, commonly known as eastern poison ivy or poison ivy, is a poisonous Asian and Eastern North American flowering plant that is well-known for causing urushiol-induced contact dermatitis, an itchy, irritating, and sometimes painful rash, in most people who touch it.

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Traditional medicine

Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine.

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Tsurugaoka Hachimangū

is the most important Shinto shrine in the city of Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States Forest Service

The United States Forest Service (USFS) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture that administers the nation's 154 national forests and 20 national grasslands, which encompass.

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University of California, Berkeley

The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.

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University of Minnesota

The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (often referred to as the University of Minnesota, Minnesota, the U of M, UMN, or simply the U) is a public research university in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota.

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is the name of one of the main schools of Japanese tea ceremony.

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Urban legend

An urban legend, urban myth, urban tale, or contemporary legend is a form of modern folklore.

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Urushiol is an oily mixture of organic compounds with allergic properties found in plants of the family Anacardiaceae, especially Toxicodendron spp. (e.g., poison oak, Lacquer Tree, poison ivy, poison sumac) and also in parts of the mango tree.

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Vietnamese language

Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in Vietnam, where it is the national and official language.

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Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.

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Warfarin, sold under the brand name Coumadin among others, is a medication that is used as an anticoagulant (blood thinner).

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Washington (state)

Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.

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Western world

The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.

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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (usually abbreviated to WCSP) is an "international collaborative programme that provides the latest peer reviewed and published opinions on the accepted scientific names and synonyms of selected plant families." Maintained by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, it is available online, allowing searches for the names of families, genera and species, as well as the ability to create checklists.

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, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.

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Redirects here:

ATC code N06DX02, ATCvet code QN06DX02, EGb 176, EGb761, Gingko Bilboa, Gingko bilboa, Gingko biloba, Gingko nut, Gingko seed, Gingko seeds, Gingko tree, Gingko trees, Ginkgo Biloba, Ginkgo bilboa, Ginkgo folium, Ginkgo nut, Ginkgo nuts, Ginkgo seeds, Ginko Biloba, Ginko biloba, Ginnan, Maidenhair tree, Maidenhair-Tree, Maidenhair-tree, Salisburia adiantifolia, Silver apricot, Tanakan, Yinxing, Yín xìng, 銀杏, 银杏.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ginkgo_biloba

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