253 relations: After Aida, Aida, Albert, Prince Consort, Alexandre Dumas, fils, Altar server, Alzira (opera), Amanuensis, American Mafia, American Philosophical Society, Ancient Egypt, Andrew Porter (music critic), Antonio Ghislanzoni, Antonio Somma, Anvil Chorus, Aria, Aroldo, Arrigo Boito, Arturo Toscanini, Attila, Attila (opera), Auguste Mariette, Ángel de Saavedra, 3rd Duke of Rivas, Ballet, Bartolomeo Merelli, Bass (voice type), Bel canto, Bergamo, Bolshoi Theatre, Saint Petersburg, Bravura, Burt Lancaster, Busseto, Cabaletta, Calixto Bieito, Camille du Locle, Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Canon (music), Cantabile, Cantata, Carmine Gallone, Casa di Riposo per Musicisti, Casa Ricordi, Cavatina, Cesare De Sanctis (businessman), Charles Osborne (music writer), Cholera, Cimitero Monumentale di Milano, Clara Maffei, Classic FM (UK), Collonges-sous-Salève, Como, ..., Concerto, Cylinder Audio Archive, Don Carlos, Don Carlos (play), Duchy of Parma, Duet, El Escorial, Emanuele Muzio, Encephalitis, English National Opera, Enrico Caruso, Ernani, Eugène Scribe, Falstaff (opera), Ferdinand Hiller, Ferdinando Provesi, Fidenza, Finale (music), First French Empire, Five Days of Milan, Flat (music), Fosco Giachetti, Franc, Francesco Maria Piave, Franco Faccio, Friedrich Schiller, Fugue, Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, Gaetano Donizetti, Georges Bizet, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Gioachino Rossini, Giovanna d'Arco, Giovanni Ricordi, Giulio Ricordi, Giuseppe Giusti, Giuseppe Mazzini, Giuseppe Verdi (film), Giuseppe Verdi Monument, Giuseppina Strepponi, Grammy Award, Grand Hotel et de Milan, Grand opera, Gresham College, Hans von Bülow, Henry Chorley, Henry IV, Part 1, Henry IV, Part 2, Her Majesty's Theatre, Hernani (drama), I due Foscari, I Lombardi alla prima crociata, I masnadieri, Il corsaro, Il trovatore, Ildebrando Pizzetti, In medias res, Inno delle nazioni, Irrigation, Isaiah Berlin, Isma'il Pasha, Italian unification, Jérusalem, Jenny Lind, Jonathan Miller, Joseph Méry, Julian Budden, Julian Mitchell, Katy Perry, Key (music), Khedive, Khedivial Opera House, King Lear, Kingdom of Italy, Kingdom of Sardinia, L'Africaine, La battaglia di Legnano, La Cenerentola, La Dame aux Camélias, La donna è mobile, La Fenice, La forza del destino, La Scala, La traviata, Léon Escudier, Le roi s'amuse, Le Roncole, Legion of Honour, Leitmotif, Les vêpres siciliennes, Lira, List of Cambridge Companions to Music, List of compositions by Giuseppe Verdi, Lohengrin, Lorenzo Ferrero, Luigi Secchi, Luisa Miller, Macbeth (opera), Major sixth, Manhattan, Maria Malibran, Metropolitan Opera, Milan Conservatory, Music for the Requiem Mass, Music school, Nabucco, National anthem, National Library of Scotland, Naxos Records, New German School, New York University, Oberto (opera), On Naïve and Sentimental Poetry, Opera, Oratorio, Orchestration, Order of Saint Stanislaus (House of Romanov), Organ (music), Otello, Otto Nicolai, Paris Opera, Philip Gossett, Piacenza, Piedmont, Pietro Mascagni, Postage stamp, Quattro pezzi sacri, Queen Victoria, Realism (arts), Renato Castellani, Republic of San Marco, Requiem (Verdi), Riccardo Muti, Richard Taruskin, Richard Wagner, Rigoletto, Risorgimento! (opera), Roger Parker, Roman Republic (19th century), Ronald Pickup, Saint Petersburg, Salon (gathering), Salvadore Cammarano, Saverio Mercadante, Second Italian War of Independence, Senate of the Republic (Italy), Serenade, Sharp (music), Sicily, Silvio Berlusconi, Simon Boccanegra, Spinet, Spinto, Stabat Mater, Stiffelio, Stretto, String Quartet (Verdi), Stroke, Suez Canal, Tannhäuser (opera), Taro (department), Teatro Comunale di Bologna, Teatro dell'Opera di Roma, Teatro di San Carlo, Teatro Regio (Parma), Teatro Verdi, Temistocle Solera, Tenor, Teresa Stolz, Théophile Gautier, The Australian, The Barber of Seville, The Christian Science Monitor, The Daily Telegraph, The Life of Verdi (miniseries), The Merry Wives of Windsor, The Musical Times, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, The New Republic, The New York Times, Umberto I of Italy, Un ballo in maschera, Un giorno di regno, Unison, United Provinces of Central Italy, University of California, Santa Barbara, Va, pensiero, Valentino (fashion designer), Variation (music), Verdi Square, Verismo (music), Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, Victor Hugo, Villa Verdi, Villafranca di Verona, Villanova sull'Arda, Vincenzo Bellini, Vittorio Alfieri, Vive, viva, and vivat, Waltz, YouTube, 1862 International Exhibition. Expand index (203 more) » « Shrink index
After Aida (original title: Verdi's Messiah) is a 1985 play-with-music by Julian Mitchell.
Aida is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Antonio Ghislanzoni.
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria.
Alexandre Dumas, fils (27 July 1824 – 27 November 1895) was a French author and playwright, best known for the romantic novel La Dame aux camélias (The Lady of the Camellias), published in 1848, which was adapted into Giuseppe Verdi's opera, La traviata (The Fallen Woman), as well as numerous stage and film productions, usually titled Camille in English-language versions.
An altar server is a lay assistant to a member of the clergy during a Christian liturgy.
Alzira is an opera in a prologue and two acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Salvatore Cammarano, based on the play Alzire, ou les Américains by Voltaire.
An amanuensis is a person employed to write or type what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another, and also refers to a person who signs a document on behalf of another under the latter's authority.
The American Mafia (commonly referred to as the Mafia or the Mob, though "the Mob" can refer to other organized crime groups) or Italian-American Mafia, is the highly organized Italian-American criminal society.
The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Andrew Brian Porter (26 August 19283 April 2015) was a British music critic, scholar, organist and opera director.
Antonio Ghislanzoni (25 November 1824 – 16 July 1893) was an Italian journalist, poet, and novelist who wrote librettos for Verdi, among other composers, of which the best known are Aida and the revised version of La forza del destino.
Antonio Somma (born Udine, 28 August 1809 - died Venice, 8 August 1864) was an Italian playwright who is most well known for writing the libretto of an opera which ultimately became Giuseppe Verdi's Un ballo in maschera in 1859.
The Anvil Chorus is the English name for the (Italian for "Gypsy chorus"), a chorus from act 2, scene 1 of Giuseppe Verdi's 1853 opera Il trovatore.
An aria (air; plural: arie, or arias in common usage, diminutive form arietta or ariette) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer.
Aroldo is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on and adapted from their earlier 1850 collaboration, Stiffelio.
Arrigo Boito (24 February 1842 10 June 1918) (whose original name was Enrico Giuseppe Giovanni Boito and who wrote essays under the anagrammatic pseudonym of Tobia Gorrio), was an Italian poet, journalist, novelist, librettist and composer, best known today for his libretti, especially those for Giuseppe Verdi's operas Otello and Falstaff, and his own opera Mefistofele.
Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor.
Attila (fl. circa 406–453), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453.
Attila is an opera in a prologue and three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera, based on the 1809 play (Attila, King of the Huns) by Zacharias Werner.
François Auguste Ferdinand Mariette (11 February 182118 January 1881) was a French scholar, archaeologist and Egyptologist, and founder of the Egyptian Department of Antiquities (later Supreme Council of Antiquities).
Don Ángel de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano, 3rd Duke of Rivas (Ángel de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano, Duque de Rivas) (10 March 179122 June 1865), was a Spanish poet, dramatist and politician born in Córdoba.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
Bartolomeo Merelli (19 May 1794 – 10 April 1879Warrack & West 1997, p. 463.) was an Italian impresario and librettist, best known as the manager of the La Scala Milan opera house between 1829 and 1850, and for his support for the young Giuseppe Verdi.
A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.
Bel canto (Italian for "beautiful singing" or "beautiful song"), along with a number of similar constructions ("bellezze del canto"/"bell'arte del canto"), is a term relating to Italian singing.
Bergamo (Italian:; Bèrghem; from Latin Bergomum) is a city in Lombardy, northern Italy, approximately northeast of Milan, and about from the Alpine lakes Como and Iseo.
The Saint Petersburg Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre (The Big Stone Theatre of Saint Petersburg, Большой Каменный Театр) was a theatre in Saint Petersburg.
In classical music, a bravura is a style of both music and its performance intended to show off the skill of a performer.
Burton Stephen Lancaster (November 2, 1913 – October 20, 1994) was an American actor and producer.
Busseto (Bussetano: Büsé; Parmigiano: Busèjj) is a comune in the province of Parma, in Emilia-Romagna in Northern Italy with a population of about 7,100.
Cabaletta is a two-part musical form particularly favored for arias in 19th century Italian opera in the belcanto era until about the 1850s during which it was one of the era's most important elements.
Calixto Bieito (Miranda de Ebro, 2 November 1963) is a Spanish theater director known for his radical interpretations of classic operas.
Camille du Locle (16 July 18329 October 1903) was a French theatre manager and a librettist.
Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, Isolabella and Leri (10 August 1810 – 6 June 1861), generally known as Cavour, was an Italian statesman and a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification.
In music, a canon is a contrapuntal (counterpoint-based) compositional technique that employs a melody with one or more imitations of the melody played after a given duration (e.g., quarter rest, one measure, etc.). The initial melody is called the leader (or dux), while the imitative melody, which is played in a different voice, is called the follower (or comes).
In music, cantabile, an Italian word, means literally "singable" or "songlike".
A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.
Carmine Gallone (10 September 1885 – 4 April 1973) was an early acclaimed Italian film director, screenwriter, and film producer.
The Casa di Riposo per Musicisti is a home for retired opera singers and musicians in Milan, northern Italy, founded by the Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi in 1896.
Casa Ricordi is a publisher of primarily classical music and opera.
Cavatina (Italian diminutive of cavata, the producing of tone from an instrument, plural cavatine) is a musical term, originally meaning a short song of simple character, without a second strain or any repetition of the air.
Cesare De Sanctis (died March 1881) was born in Rome.
Charles Thomas Osborne (24 November 1927 – 23 September 2017) was an Australian journalist, theatre and opera critic, poet and novelist.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
The Cimitero Monumentale ("Monumental Cemetery") is one of the two largest cemeteries in Milan, Italy, the other one being the Cimitero Maggiore.
Elena Clara Antonia Carrara Spinelli (b. 13 March 1814, Bergamo – d. 13 July 1886, Milan, of meningitis) was an Italian woman of letters and backer of the Risorgimento, usually known by her married name of countess Clara Maffei or Chiarina Maffei.
Classic FM (stylised as Classic M) is one of the United Kingdom's three Independent National Radio stations.
Collonges-sous-Salève is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
Como (Lombard: Còmm, Cómm or Cùmm; Novum Comum) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy.
A concerto (plural concertos, or concerti from the Italian plural) is a musical composition usually composed in three movements, in which, usually, one solo instrument (for instance, a piano, violin, cello or flute) is accompanied by an orchestra or concert band.
The Cylinder Audio Archive is a free digital collection maintained by the University of California, Santa Barbara Library with streaming and downloadable versions of over 10,000 phonograph cylinders manufactured between 1893 and the mid-1920s.
Don Carlos is a five-act grand opera composed by Giuseppe Verdi to a French-language libretto by Joseph Méry and Camille du Locle, based on the dramatic play Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien (Don Carlos, Infante of Spain) by Friedrich Schiller.
Don Carlos (German: Don Karlos, Infant von SpanienSchiller replaced the Portuguese spelling "Dom" with the Spanish "Don" in 1801, after Christoph Martin Wieland had made him aware of the difference.) is a (historical) tragedy in five acts by Friedrich Schiller; it was written between 1783 and 1787 and first produced in Hamburg in 1787.
The Duchy of Parma was created in 1545 from that part of the Duchy of Milan south of the Po River, which was conquered by the Papal States in 1512.
A duet is a musical composition for two performers in which the performers have equal importance to the piece, often a composition involving two singers or two pianists.
The Royal Site of San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Monasterio y Sitio de El Escorial en Madrid), commonly known as El Escorial, is a historical residence of the King of Spain, in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, about northwest of the capital, Madrid, in Spain.
Donnino Emanuele Muzio (or Mussio) (24 August 1821 in Zibello – 27 November 1890 in Paris) was an Italian composer, conductor and vocal teacher.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.
English National Opera (ENO) is an opera company based in London, resident at the London Coliseum in St. Martin's Lane.
Enrico Caruso (25 February 1873 – 2 August 1921) was an Italian operatic tenor.
Ernani is an operatic dramma lirico in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Hernani by Victor Hugo.
Augustin Eugène Scribe (24 December 179120 February 1861) was a French dramatist and librettist.
Falstaff is a comic opera in three acts by the Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi.
Ferdinand (von) Hiller (24 October 1811 – 11 May 1885) was a German composer, conductor, writer and music-director.
Ferdinando Angelo Maria Provesi (1770 – 1833) was a native of Parma, Italy.
Fidenza (Parmigiano: Fidénsa; locally Bùragh) is a town and comune in the province of Parma, Emilia-Romagna region, Italy.
A finale is the last movement of a sonata, symphony, or concerto; the ending of a piece of non-vocal classical music which has several movements; or, a prolonged final sequence at the end of an act of an opera or work of musical theatre.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The Five Days of Milan were a major event in the Revolutionary Year of 1848 and the start of the First Italian War of Independence.
In music, flat or bemolle (Italian: "soft B") means "lower in pitch".
Fosco Giachetti (28 March 1900, in Sesto Fiorentino – 22 December 1974, in Rome) was an Italian actor.
The franc (₣) is the name of several currency units.
Francesco Maria Piave (18 May 1810 – 5 March 1876) was an Italian opera librettist who was born in Murano in the lagoon of Venice, during the brief Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy.
Francesco (Franco) Antonio Faccio (8 March 1840 in Verona21 July 1891 in Monza) was an Italian composer and conductor.
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright.
In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (a musical theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.
The public funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales started on 6 September 1997 at 9:08am in London, when the tenor bell sounded to signal the departure of the cortège from Kensington Palace.
Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer.
Georges Bizet (25 October 18383 June 1875), registered at birth as Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer of the romantic era.
Giacomo Meyerbeer (born Jacob Liebmann Beer; 5 September 1791 – 2 May 1864) was a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giovanna d'Arco (Joan of Arc) is an operatic dramma lirico with a prologue and three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera, who had prepared the libretti for Nabucco and I Lombardi.
Giovanni Ricordi (1785 in Milan – 15 March 1853 in Milan) was an Italian violinist and the founder of the classical music publishing company Casa Ricordi, described by musicologist Philip Gossett as "a genius and positive force in the history of Italian opera", The son of Gianbatista Ricordi, who was a glassmaker, and Angiola de Medici, Giovanni Ricordi studied the violin from an early age and, for a short time, became the concertmaster and conductor of the small puppet theatre, Fiando.
Giulio Ricordi (19 December 1840 in Milan – 6 June 1912 in Milan) was an Italian editor and musician who joined the family firm, the Casa Ricordi music publishing house, in 1863, then run by his father, Tito, the son of the company's founder Giovanni Ricordi.
Giuseppe Giusti (12 May 1809 – 31 May 1850) was an Italian poet and satirist.
Giuseppe Mazzini (22 June 1805 – 10 March 1872) was an Italian politician, journalist, activist for the unification of Italy and spearhead of the Italian revolutionary movement.
Giuseppe Verdi is a 1938 Italian biographical film directed by Carmine Gallone and starring Fosco Giachetti, Gaby Morlay and Germana Paolieri.
The Giuseppe Verdi Monument is a sculpture in honor of composer Giuseppe Verdi located in Verdi Square Park (between West 72nd and West 73rd streets, between Amsterdam Avenue and Broadway) in Manhattan, New York City.
Clelia Maria Josepha (Giuseppina) Strepponi (8 September 1815 – 14 November 1897) was a nineteenth-century Italian operatic soprano of great renown and the second wife of composer Giuseppe Verdi.
A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.
The Grand Hotel et de Milan is a luxury hotel located in the center of Milan, Italy.
Grand opera is a genre of 19th-century opera generally in four or five acts, characterized by large-scale casts and orchestras, and (in their original productions) lavish and spectacular design and stage effects, normally with plots based on or around dramatic historic events.
Gresham College is an institution of higher learning located at Barnard's Inn Hall off Holborn in Central London, England.
Baron Hans Guido von Bülow (January 8, 1830February 12, 1894) was a German conductor, virtuoso pianist, and composer of the Romantic era.
Henry Fothergill Chorley (15 December 1808 – 16 February 1872) was an English literary, art and music critic, writer and editor.
Henry IV, Part 1 is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written no later than 1597.
Henry IV, Part 2 is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written between 1596 and 1599.
Her Majesty's Theatre is a West End theatre situated on Haymarket in the City of Westminster, London.
Hernani (Full title: Hernani, ou l'Honneur Castillan) is a drama by the French romantic author Victor Hugo.
(The Two Foscari) is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on a historical play, The Two Foscari by Lord Byron.
I Lombardi alla Prima Crociata (The Lombards on the First Crusade) is an operatic dramma lirico in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera, based on an epic poem by Tommaso Grossi, which was "very much a child of its age; a grand historical novel with a patriotic slant".
I masnadieri (The Bandits or The Robbers) is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Andrea Maffei, based on Die Räuber by Friedrich von Schiller.
Il corsaro (The Corsair) is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi, from a libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on Lord Byron's poem The Corsair.
(Italian for "The Troubadour") is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto largely written by Salvadore Cammarano, based on the play El trovador (1836) by Antonio García Gutiérrez.
Ildebrando Pizzetti (20 September 1880 – 13 February 1968) was an Italian composer of classical music, musicologist and music critic.
A narrative work beginning in medias res (lit. "into the middle of things") opens in the midst of action (cf. ab ovo, ab initio).
(Hymn of nations), a cantata in a single movement, is one of only two secular choral works composed by Giuseppe Verdi.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
Sir Isaiah Berlin (6 June 1909 – 5 November 1997) was a Russian-British social and political theorist, philosopher and historian of ideas.
Isma'il Pasha (إسماعيل باشا Ismā‘īl Bāshā, Turkish: İsmail Paşa), known as Ismail the Magnificent (31 December 1830 – 2 March 1895), was the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan from 1863 to 1879, when he was removed at the behest of the United Kingdom.
Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
Jérusalem is a grand opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi.
Johanna Maria "Jenny" Lind (6 October 18202 November 1887) was a Swedish opera singer, often known as the "Swedish Nightingale".
Sir Jonathan Wolfe Miller, CBE (born 21 July 1934) is an English theatre and opera director, actor, author, television presenter, humourist, and medical doctor.
Joseph Méry (21 January 179717 June 1866) was a French writer, journalist, novelist, poet, playwright and librettist.
Julian Medforth Budden (9 April 1924 in Hoylake, Wirral – 28 February 2007 in Florence, Italy) was a British opera scholar, radio producer and broadcaster.
Charles Julian Humphrey Mitchell FRSL (born 1 May 1935) is an English playwright, screenwriter and occasional novelist.
Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson (born October 25, 1984), known professionally as Katy Perry, is an American singer, songwriter, and television judge.
In music theory, the key of a piece is the group of pitches, or scale, that forms the basis of a music composition in classical, Western art, and Western pop music.
The term Khedive (خدیو Hıdiv) is a title largely equivalent to the English word viceroy.
The Khedivial Opera House or Royal Opera House (دار الأوبرا الخديوية / ALA-LC: Dār Awbirā al-Khudaywī) was an opera house in Cairo, Egypt.
King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.
L'Africaine (The African Woman) is a grand opera in five acts, the last work of the composer Giacomo Meyerbeer.
La battaglia di Legnano (The Battle of Legnano) is an opera in four acts, with music by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian-language libretto by Salvadore Cammarano.
(Cinderella, or Goodness Triumphant) is an operatic dramma giocoso in two acts by Gioachino Rossini.
La Dame aux Camélias (literally The Lady with the Camellias, commonly known in English as Camille) is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, ''fils'', first published in 1848, and subsequently adapted by Dumas for the stage.
"" ("Woman is fickle") is the Duke of Mantua's canzone from the beginning of act 3 of Giuseppe Verdi's opera Rigoletto (1851).
Teatro La Fenice ("The Phoenix") is an opera house in Venice, Italy.
(The Power of Fate, often translated The Force of Destiny) is an Italian opera by Giuseppe Verdi.
La Scala (abbreviation in Italian language for the official name Teatro alla Scala) is an opera house in Milan, Italy.
La traviata (The Fallen Woman)Meadows, p. 582 is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave.
(Jacques-Victor) Léon Escudier (17 September 1821 – 22 June 1881) was a prominent French journalist, music critic and music publisher.
Le roi s'amuse (literally, The King Amuses Himself or The King Has Fun) is a French play in five acts written by Victor Hugo.
Le Roncole (today known as Roncole Verdi) is a village in the province of Parma (Emilia-Romagna region) of Italy, a frazione of the comune of Busseto.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
A leitmotif or leitmotiv is a "short, constantly recurring musical phrase"Kennedy (1987), Leitmotiv associated with a particular person, place, or idea.
Les vêpres siciliennes (The Sicilian Vespers) is a grand opera in five acts by the Italian romantic composer Giuseppe Verdi set to a French libretto by Eugène Scribe and Charles Duveyrier from their work Le duc d'Albe, which was written in 1838.
Lira (plural lire) is the name of several currency units.
The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.
The following is a list of published compositions by the composer Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901).
Lohengrin is a character in German Arthurian literature.
Lorenzo Ferrero (born 1951) is a contemporary Italian composer, librettist, author, and book editor.
Luigi Secchi (Cremona, 1853 - Miazzina, 1921) was an Italian sculptor.
Luisa Miller is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Salvadore Cammarano, based on the play Kabale und Liebe (Intrigue and Love) by the German dramatist Friedrich von Schiller.
Macbeth is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi, with an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave and additions by Andrea Maffei, based on William Shakespeare's play of the same name.
In music from Western culture, a sixth is a musical interval encompassing six note letter names or staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the major sixth is one of two commonly occurring sixths.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Maria Felicia Malibran (24 March 1808 – 23 September 1836) was a Spanish mezzo-soprano who commonly sang both contralto and soprano parts, and was one of the best-known opera singers of the 19th century.
The Metropolitan Opera is an opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
The Milan Conservatory (Conservatorio di musica “Giuseppe Verdi” di Milano) is a college of music in Milan.
The Requiem Mass is notable for the large number of musical compositions that it has inspired, including settings by Mozart, Verdi, Bruckner, Dvořák, Fauré and Duruflé.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
Nabucco (short for Nabucodonosor ~, English Nebuchadnezzar) is an Italian-language opera in four acts composed in 1841 by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera.
A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song, etc.) is generally a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people.
The National Library of Scotland (Leabharlann Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Naitional Leebrar o Scotland) is the legal deposit library of Scotland and is one of the country's National Collections.
Naxos Records is a record label specializing in classical music.
The New German School (Neudeutsche Schule) is a term introduced in 1859 by Franz Brendel, editor of the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, to describe certain trends in German music.
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
Oberto, Conte di San Bonifacio is an opera in two acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Temistocle Solera, based on an existing libretto by Antonio Piazza probably called Rocester.
On Naïve and Sentimental Poetry (Über naive und sentimentalische Dichtung) is a 1795–6 paper by Friedrich Schiller on poetic theory and the different types of poetic relationship to the world.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for an orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble, such as a concert band) or of adapting music composed for another medium for an orchestra.
The Order of Saint Stanislaus (Polish: Order św. Stanisława, Russian: Орденъ Св. Станислава), also spelled Stanislas, is a Russian dynastic order of knighthood founded as Order of the Knights of Saint Stanislaus, Bishop and Martyr in 1765 by King Stanisław II Augustus of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
Otello is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Arrigo Boito, based on Shakespeare's play Othello.
Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai (9 June 1810 – 11 May 1849) was a German composer, conductor, and one of the founders of the Vienna Philharmonic.
The Paris Opera (French) is the primary opera company of France.
Philip Gossett (September 27, 1941 – June 12, 2017) was an American musicologist and historian, and Robert W. Reneker Distinguished Service Professor of Music at the University of Chicago.
Piacenza (Piacentino: Piaṡëinsa) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.
Piedmont (Piemonte,; Piedmontese, Occitan and Piemont; Piémont) is a region in northwest Italy, one of the 20 regions of the country.
Pietro Antonio Stefano Mascagni (7 December 1863 – 2 August 1945) was an Italian composer most noted for his operas.
A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.
The Quattro pezzi sacri (Four Sacred Pieces) are choral works by Giuseppe Verdi.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
Renato Castellani (4 September 1913 in Finale Ligure, Liguria - 28 December 1985 in Rome) was an Italian film director and screenwriter.
The Republic of San Marco (Repubblica di San Marco), an Italian revolutionary state, existed for 17 months in 1848–1849.
The Messa da Requiem is a musical setting of the Catholic funeral mass (Requiem) for four soloists, double choir and orchestra by Giuseppe Verdi.
Riccardo Muti (born in Naples 28 July 1941) is an Italian conductor.
Richard Taruskin (born 1945, New York) is an American musicologist, music historian, and critic who has written about the theory of performance, Russian music, 15th-century music, 20th-century music, nationalism, the theory of modernism, and analysis.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Rigoletto is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi.
Risorgimento! is an opera in one act by Lorenzo Ferrero set to an Italian-language libretto by Dario Oliveri, based on a scenario by the composer.
Roger Parker (born London United Kingdom, 2 August 1951) is an English musicologist and, since January 2007, has been Thurston Dart Professor of Music at King's College London.
The Roman Republic was a short-lived state declared on 9 February 1849, when the government of Papal States was temporarily replaced by a republican government due to Pope Pius IX's flight to Gaeta.
Ronald Alfred Pickup (born 7 June 1940) is an English actor who has been active in television and film since 1964.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host.
Salvadore Cammarano (also Salvatore) (born Naples, 19 March 1801 – died Naples 17 July 1852) was a prolific Italian librettist and playwright perhaps best known for writing the text of Lucia di Lammermoor (1835) for Gaetano Donizetti.
Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante (baptised 17 September 179517 December 1870) was an Italian composer, particularly of operas.
The Second Italian War of Independence, also called the Franco-Austrian War, Austro-Sardinian War or Italian War of 1859 (Campagne d'Italie), was fought by the French Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia against the Austrian Empire in 1859 and played a crucial part in the process of Italian unification.
The Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) or Senate (Senato) is a house of the bicameral Italian Parliament (the other being the Chamber of Deputies).
In music, a serenade (also sometimes called serenata, from the Italian) is a musical composition and/or performance delivered in honor.
In music, sharp, dièse (from French), or diesis (from Greek) means higher in pitch.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Silvio Berlusconi (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments.
Simon Boccanegra is an opera with a prologue and three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Simón Bocanegra (1843) by Antonio García Gutiérrez, whose play El trovador had been the basis for Verdi's 1853 opera, Il trovatore.
A spinet is a smaller type of harpsichord or other keyboard instrument, such as a piano or organ.
Spinto (from Italian, "pushed") is a vocal term used to characterize a soprano or tenor voice of a weight between lyric and dramatic that is capable of handling large musical climaxes in opera at moderate intervals.
The Stabat Mater is a 13th-century Catholic hymn to Mary, which portrays her suffering as Jesus Christ's mother during his crucifixion.
Stiffelio is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi, from an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave.
In music the Italian term stretto has two distinct meanings.
Giuseppe Verdi's String Quartet in E minor was written in the spring of 1873 during a production of Aida in Naples.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
Tannhäuser (full title Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg, "Tannhäuser and the Minnesingers' Contest at Wartburg") is an 1845 opera in three acts, music and text by Richard Wagner, based on two German legends; Tannhäuser, the legendary medieval German Minnesänger and poet, and the tale of the Wartburg Song Contest.
Taro was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Italy.
The Teatro Comunale di Bologna is an opera house in Bologna, Italy, and is one of the most important opera venues in Italy.
The Teatro dell'Opera di Roma (Rome Opera House) is an opera house in Rome, Italy.
The Real Teatro di San Carlo (Royal Theatre of Saint Charles), its original name under the Bourbon monarchy but known today as simply the Teatro di San Carlo, is an opera house in Naples, Italy.
The Teatro Regio di Parma, originally constructed as the Nuovo Teatro Ducale (New Ducal Theatre),Martini, "Before the Teatro Regio", pp.
Teatro Verdi may refer to.
Temistocle Solera (25 December 1815 – 21 April 1878) was an Italian opera composer and librettist.
Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.
Teresa Stolz (born 2 June 1834, Elbekosteletz (Czech: Kostelec nad Labem), Bohemia – died 23 August 1902, Milan) was a Bohemian soprano, long resident in Italy, who was associated with significant premieres of the works of Giuseppe Verdi, and may have been his mistress.
Pierre Jules Théophile Gautier (30 August 1811 – 23 October 1872) was a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and art and literary critic.
The Australian is a broadsheet newspaper published in Australia from Monday to Saturday each week since 14 July 1964.
The Barber of Seville, or The Useless Precaution (Il barbiere di Siviglia, ossia L'inutile precauzione) is an opera buffa in two acts by Gioachino Rossini with an Italian libretto by Cesare Sterbini.
The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Life of Verdi is a 1982 Italian-language biographical television miniseries directed by Renato Castellani dramatizing the life of Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi.
The Merry Wives of Windsor is a comedy by William Shakespeare first published in 1602, though believed to have been written in or before 1597.
The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject.
The New Republic is a liberal American magazine of commentary on politics and the arts, published since 1914, with influence on American political and cultural thinking.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Umberto I (Savoia; 14 March 1844 – 29 July 1900), nicknamed the Good (Italian: il Buono), was the King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his assassination on 29 July 1900.
Un ballo in maschera (A Masked Ball) is an 1859 opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi.
Un giorno di regno, ossia Il finto Stanislao (A One-Day Reign, or The Pretend Stanislaus, but often translated into English as King for a Day) is an operatic melodramma giocoso in two acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto written in 1818 by Felice Romani.
In music, unison is two or more musical parts sounding the same pitch or at an octave interval, usually at the same time.
The United Provinces of Central Italy, also known as Confederation of Central Italy or Government General of Central Italy, was a short-lived military government established by the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia.
The University of California, Santa Barbara (commonly referred to as UC Santa Barbara or UCSB) is a public research university and one of the 10 campuses of the University of California system.
"", also known in English as the "Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves", is a chorus from the third act of the opera Nabucco (1842) by Giuseppe Verdi, with a libretto by Temistocle Solera, inspired by Psalm 137.
Valentino Clemente Ludovico Garavani (born 11 May 1932), best known as Valentino, is an Italian fashion designer and founder of the Valentino SpA brand and company.
In music, variation is a formal technique where material is repeated in an altered form.
Verdi Square is a small triangle of land enclosed by a railing, located on Manhattan's Upper West Side, between 72nd Street and 73rd Street on the south and north, and Broadway and Amsterdam Avenue on the west and east.
In opera, verismo ("realism", from vero, meaning "true") was a post-Romantic operatic tradition associated with Italian composers such as Pietro Mascagni, Ruggero Leoncavallo, Umberto Giordano, Francesco Cilea and Giacomo Puccini.
Victor Emmanuel II (Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia; 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was King of Sardinia from 1849 until 17 March 1861.
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
Villa Verdi is the house that composer Giuseppe Verdi owned from 1848 to the end of his life in 1901.
Villafranca di Verona is a town and comune in the province of Verona in the Veneto, Northern Italy.
Villanova sull'Arda (Piacentino: Vilanöva or) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Piacenza in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about northwest of Bologna and about east of Piacenza.
Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (3 November 1801 – 23 September 1835) was an Italian opera composer,Lippmann and McGuire 1998, in Sadie, p. 389 who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania".
Count Vittorio Alfieri (16 January 17498 October 1803) was an Italian dramatist and poet, considered the "founder of Italian tragedy.".
Viva, vive, and vivat are interjections used in the Romance languages.
The waltz is a ballroom and folk dance, normally in time, performed primarily in closed position.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
The International of 1862, or Great London Exposition, was a world's fair.
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