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Gland

Index Gland

A gland is a group of cells in an animal's body that synthesizes substances (such as hormones) for release into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland). [1]

39 relations: Adrenal gland, Alveolar gland, Apocrine, Basal lamina, Blood, Breast, Carbohydrate, Cell (biology), Cell membrane, Disease, Endocrine gland, Epithelium, Exocrine gland, Exocytosis, Fordyce spots, Gastrointestinal tract, Gland of Zeis, Goblet cell, Holocrine, Homeostasis, Hormone, Lipid, Lumen (anatomy), Meibomian gland, Merocrine, Mucus, Neoplasm, Pancreas, Perspiration, Pineal gland, Pituitary gland, Sebaceous gland, Secretion, Serous fluid, Submandibular gland, Sweat gland, Thymus, Thyroid, Tubular gland.

Adrenal gland

The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol.

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Alveolar gland

If glands are categorized by shape, alveolar glands contrast with tubular glands.

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Apocrine

Apocrine is a term used to classify exocrine glands in the study of histology.

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Basal lamina

The basal lamina is a layer of extracellular matrix secreted by the epithelial cells, on which the epithelium sits.

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Blood

Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

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Breast

The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.

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Carbohydrate

A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).

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Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

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Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).

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Disease

A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.

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Endocrine gland

Endocrine glands are glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood rather than through a duct.

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Epithelium

Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

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Exocrine gland

Exocrine glands are glands that produce and secrete substances onto an epithelial surface by way of a duct.

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Exocytosis

Exocytosis is a form of active transport in which a cell transports molecules (e.g., neurotransmitters and proteins) out of the cell (exo- + cytosis) by expelling them through an energy-dependent process.

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Fordyce spots

Fordyce spots (also termed Fordyce granules)James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005).

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Gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.

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Gland of Zeis

Glands of Zeis are unilobar sebaceous glands located on the margin of the eyelid.

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Goblet cell

Goblet cells are simple columnar epithelial cells that secrete gel-forming mucins, like mucin MUC5AC.

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Holocrine

Holocrine is a term used to classify the mode of secretion in exocrine glands in the study of histology.

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Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency of organisms to auto-regulate and maintain their internal environment in a stable state.

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Hormone

A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

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Lipid

In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.

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Lumen (anatomy)

In biology, a lumen (plural lumina) is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine.

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Meibomian gland

The Meibomian glands (often written with a small m, and also called tarsal glands) are a holocrine type of exocrine glands, at the rim of the eyelids inside the tarsal plate, responsible for the supply of meibum, an oily substance that prevents evaporation of the eye's tear film.

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Merocrine

Merocrine (or eccrine) is a term used to classify exocrine glands and their secretions in the study of histology.

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Mucus

Mucus is a slippery aqueous secretion produced by, and covering, mucous membranes.

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Neoplasm

Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.

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Pancreas

The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.

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Perspiration

Perspiration, also known as sweating, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.

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Pineal gland

The pineal gland, also known as the conarium, kônarion or epiphysis cerebri, is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain.

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Pituitary gland

An explanation of the development of the pituitary gland (Hypophysis cerebri) & the congenital anomalies. In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing in humans.

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Sebaceous gland

Sebaceous glands are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of mammals.

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Secretion

Secretion is the movement of material from one point to another, e.g. secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland.

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Serous fluid

In physiology, the term serous fluid or serosal fluid (originating from the Medieval Latin word serosus, from Latin serum) is any of various body fluids resembling serum, that are typically pale yellow and transparent and of a benign nature.

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Submandibular gland

The paired submandibular glands (historically known as submaxillary glands) are major salivary glands located beneath the floor of the mouth.

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Sweat gland

Sweat glands, also known as sudoriferous or sudoriparous glands,, are small tubular structures of the skin that produce sweat.

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Thymus

The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.

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Thyroid

The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, is an endocrine gland in the neck, consisting of two lobes connected by an isthmus.

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Tubular gland

If glands are categorized by shape, tubular glands contrast with alveolar glands.

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Redirects here:

Adeno, Adenosis, Ductless Glands, Endrone gland, Glands, Glandula, Glandular, Glandular tissue, Polyglandular, Secreting organ, Secretory organ.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gland

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