274 relations: A.T. Kearney, Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Accounting, Accra, Adelaide, Ahmedabad, Amman, Amsterdam, Ankara, Antwerp, Asunción, Athens, Atlanta, Auckland, Austin, Texas, Baku, Baltimore, Bangalore, Bangkok, Bank, Barcelona, Beijing, Beirut, Belfast, Belgrade, Berlin, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bogotá, Bologna, Boston, Bratislava, Brisbane, Bristol, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Calgary, Cape Town, Caracas, Casablanca, Changsha, Charlotte, North Carolina, Chengdu, Chennai, Chicago, Chicago Council on Global Affairs, ..., Chongqing, Cincinnati, Citi Private Bank, City, Cleveland, Cologne, Colombo, Columbus, Ohio, Copenhagen, Dakar, Dalian, Dallas, Dar es Salaam, Düsseldorf, Denver, Detroit, Dhaka, Doha, Douala, Dresden, Dubai, Dublin, Durban, Economics, Economist Group, Economist Intelligence Unit, Ecumenopolis, Edinburgh, Edmonton, Finance, Financial centre, FIRE economy, Foreign Policy, Frankfurt, Gaborone, Geneva, George Town, Cayman Islands, Glasgow, Global network, Globalization, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, Gothenburg, Guadalajara, Guangzhou, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Hamburg, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harare, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston, Hyderabad, Index of urban studies articles, Infrastructure, Islamabad, Istanbul, Jakarta, Jeddah, Jerusalem, Johannesburg, Kampala, Kansas City, Missouri, Kaohsiung, Karachi, Kiev, Knight Frank, Kolkata, Kraków, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait City, La Paz, Lagos, Lahore, Las Vegas, Lausanne, Leeds, Leipzig, Lima, Limassol, Lisbon, List of cities by GDP, Liverpool, Ljubljana, Location, London, Los Angeles, Loughborough University, Luanda, Lusaka, Luxembourg City, Lyon, Macau, Madrid, Malmö, Managua, Manama, Manchester, Manila, Maputo, Marketing, Marseille, Medellín, Megacity, Megalopolis, Melbourne, Metropolis, Mexico City, Miami, Milan, Minneapolis, Minsk, Monterrey, Montevideo, Montreal, Moscow, Mosul, Multiculturalism, Multinational corporation, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nanjing, New Delhi, New York City, Nice, Nicosia, Node (networking), Nuremberg, Orlando, Florida, Osaka, Oslo, Panama City, Paris, Patrick Geddes, Perth, Peter J. Taylor, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Arizona, Pittsburgh, Port Louis, Porto, Power (international relations), Prague, Primate city, Princeton University Press, Pune, Qingdao, Quaternary sector of the economy, Quito, Raleigh, North Carolina, Ranally city rating system, Richard Florida, Richard G. Smith (geographer), Riga, Rio de Janeiro, Riyadh, Rome, Rotterdam, Saint Petersburg, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San José, Costa Rica, San Jose, California, San Juan, Puerto Rico, San Salvador, Santiago, Santo Domingo, Saskia Sassen, São Paulo, Seattle, Seoul, Shanghai, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, Skopje, Socioeconomics, Sociology, Sofia, St. Louis, Stock exchange, Stockholm, Strasbourg, Stuttgart, Suzhou, Sydney, Taichung, Taipei, Tallinn, Tampa, Florida, Tbilisi, Tegucigalpa, Tel Aviv, Tertiary sector of the economy, The Atlantic, The Hague, The Illustrated London News, Tianjin, Tirana, Tokyo, Toronto, Trade, Tunis, Turin, University of Utah, Valencia, Vancouver, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw, Washington, D.C., Wellington, Witold Rybczynski, World economy, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Yangon, Zagreb, Zürich. Expand index (224 more) » « Shrink index
A.T. Kearney is an American global management consulting firm that focuses on strategic and operational CEO-agenda issues facing businesses, governments and institutions around the globe.
Abidjan is the economic capital of Côte d'Ivoire and is one of the most populous French-speaking cities in Africa.
Abu Dhabi (أبو ظبي) is the capital and the second most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (the most populous being Dubai), and also capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the largest of the UAE's seven emirates.
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana, covering an area of with an estimated urban population of 2.27 million.
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.
Ahmedabad, also known as Amdavad is the largest city and former capital of the Indian state of Gujarat.
Amman (عمّان) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Asunción is the capital and largest city of Paraguay.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.
Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Bilbao (Bilbo) is a city in northern Spain, the largest city in the province of Biscay and in the Basque Country as a whole.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.
Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and centre of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela.
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
Changsha is the capital and most populous city of Hunan province in the south central part of the People's Republic of China.
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of China's Sichuan province.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago Council on Global Affairs is a global affairs think tank, describing itself as "an independent, nonpartisan organization that provides insight – and influences the public discourse – on critical global issues.".
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Citi Private Bank, a subsidiary of multinational banking conglomerate Citigroup, markets Private banking services for ultra-high net worth clients, including entrepreneurs and senior corporate executives.
A city is a large human settlement.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal.
Dalian is a major city and seaport in the south of Liaoning Province, China.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
Dar es Salaam (Dar) (from دار السلام, "the house of peace"; formerly Mzizima) is the former capital as well as the most populous city in Tanzania and a regionally important economic centre.
Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Dhaka (or; ঢাকা); formerly known as Dacca is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.
Doha (الدوحة, or ad-Dōḥa) is the capital and most populous city of the State of Qatar.
Douala (Duala) is the largest city in Cameroon and its economic capital.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
The Economist Newspaper Limited, trading as The Economist Group, is a British multinational media company headquartered in London and best known as publisher of The Economist.
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is a British business within the Economist Group providing forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis, such as monthly country reports, five-year country economic forecasts, country risk service reports, and industry reports.
Ecumenopolis (from οἰκουμένη, meaning "world", and πόλις "city", thus "a city made of the whole world"; pl. ecumenopolises or ecumenopoleis) is the hypothetical concept of a planetwide city.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edmonton (Cree: Amiskwaciy Waskahikan; Blackfoot: Omahkoyis) is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.
Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
A FIRE economy is any economy based primarily on the Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate sectors.
Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Gaborone (English) is the capital and largest city of Botswana with a population of 231,626 based on the 2011 census, about 10% of the total population of Botswana.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
George Town is a city situated on Grand Cayman island of the Cayman Islands.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
A global network is any communication network which spans the entire Earth.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization.
Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
Guadalajara is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Jalisco, and the seat of the municipality of Guadalajara.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
Guatemala City (Ciudad de Guatemala), locally known as Guatemala or Guate, officially Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción (New Guatemala of the Assumption), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Guatemala, and the most populous in Central America.
Guayaquil, officially Santiago de Guayaquil (St.), is the largest and the most populous city in Ecuador, with around 2 million people in the metropolitan area, as well as the nation's main port.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.
Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
Harare (officially named Salisbury until 1982) is the capital and most populous city of Zimbabwe.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Urban studies is the diverse range of disciplines and approaches to the study of all aspects of cities, their suburbs, and other urban areas.
Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
Islamabad (اسلام آباد) is the capital city of Pakistan located within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
Jeddah (sometimes spelled Jiddah or Jedda;; جدة, Hejazi pronunciation) is a city in the Hijaz Tihamah region on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia. It is the largest city in Makkah Province, the largest seaport on the Red Sea, and with a population of about four million people, the second-largest city in Saudi Arabia after the capital city, Riyadh. Jeddah is Saudi Arabia's commercial capital. Jeddah is the principal gateway to Mecca and Medina, two of the holiest cities in Islam and popular tourist attractions. Economically, Jeddah is focusing on further developing capital investment in scientific and engineering leadership within Saudi Arabia, and the Middle East. Jeddah was independently ranked fourth in the Africa – Mid-East region in terms of innovation in 2009 in the Innovation Cities Index. Jeddah is one of Saudi Arabia's primary resort cities and was named a Beta world city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC). Given the city's close proximity to the Red Sea, fishing and seafood dominates the food culture unlike other parts of the country. In Arabic, the city's motto is "Jeddah Ghair," which translates to "Jeddah is different." The motto has been widely used among both locals as well as foreign visitors. The city had been previously perceived as the "most open" city in Saudi Arabia.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
Kampala is the capital and largest city of Uganda.
Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.
Kaohsiung City (Hokkien POJ: Ko-hiông; Hakka: Kô-hiùng; old names: Takao, Takow, Takau) is a special municipality located in southern-western Taiwan and facing the Taiwan Strait.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
Knight Frank LLP is an estate agency, residential and commercial property consultancy founded in London by John Knight, Howard Frank and William Rutley in 1896.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Kuwait City (مدينة الكويت) is the capital and largest city of Kuwait.
La Paz, officially known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace), also named Chuqi Yapu (Chuquiago) in Aymara, is the seat of government and the de facto national capital of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (the constitutional capital of Bolivia is Sucre).
Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos.
Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Lausanne (Lausanne Losanna, Losanna) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and the capital and biggest city of the canton of Vaud.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
Limassol (Λεμεσός; Limasol or Leymosun) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and capital of the eponymous district.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.
The terms location and place in geography are used to identify a point or an area on the Earth's surface or elsewhere.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Loughborough University (abbreviated as Lough for post-nominals) is a public research university in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire, in the East Midlands of England.
Luanda, formerly named São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda, is the capital and largest city in Angola, and the country's most populous and important city, primary port and major industrial, cultural and urban centre.
Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg, Luxembourg, Luxemburg), also known as Luxembourg City (Stad Lëtzebuerg or d'Stad, Ville de Luxembourg, Stadt Luxemburg, Luxemburg-Stadt), is the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (also named "Luxembourg"), and the country's most populous commune.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Malmö (Malmø) is the capital and largest city of the Swedish county of Scania.
Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, and the center of eponymous department.
Manama (المنامة Bahrani pronunciation) is the capital and largest city of Bahrain, with an approximate population of 157,000 people.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Maputo (formerly named Lourenço Marques until 1976) is the capital and most populous city of Mozambique.
Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
Medellín, officially the Municipality of Medellín (Municipio de Medellín), is the second-largest city in Colombia and the capital of the department of Antioquia.
A megacity is a very large city, typically with a total population in excess of 10 million people.
A megalopolis (sometimes called a megapolis; also megaregion, or supercity) is typically defined as a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas, which may be somewhat separated or may merge into a continuous urban region.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Minsk (Мінск,; Минск) is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislach and the Nyamiha Rivers.
Monterrey is the capital and largest city of the northeastern state of Nuevo León, Mexico.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Mosul (الموصل, مووسڵ, Māwṣil) is a major city in northern Iraq. Located some north of Baghdad, Mosul stands on the west bank of the Tigris, opposite the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh on the east bank. The metropolitan area has grown to encompass substantial areas on both the "Left Bank" (east side) and the "Right Bank" (west side), as the two banks are described by the locals compared to the flow direction of Tigris. At the start of the 21st century, Mosul and its surrounds had an ethnically and religiously diverse population; the majority of Mosul's population were Arabs, with Assyrians, Armenians, Turkmens, Kurds, Yazidis, Shabakis, Mandaeans, Kawliya, Circassians in addition to other, smaller ethnic minorities. In religious terms, mainstream Sunni Islam was the largest religion, but with a significant number of followers of the Salafi movement and Christianity (the latter followed by the Assyrians and Armenians), as well as Shia Islam, Sufism, Yazidism, Shabakism, Yarsanism and Mandaeism. Mosul's population grew rapidly around the turn of the millennium and by 2004 was estimated to be 1,846,500. In 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant seized control of the city. The Iraqi government recaptured it in the 2016–2017 Battle of Mosul. Historically, important products of the area include Mosul marble and oil. The city of Mosul is home to the University of Mosul and its renowned Medical College, which together was one of the largest educational and research centers in Iraq and the Middle East. Mosul, together with the nearby Nineveh plains, is one of the historic centers for the Assyrians and their churches; the Assyrian Church of the East; its offshoot, the Chaldean Catholic Church; and the Syriac Orthodox Church, containing the tombs of several Old Testament prophets such as Jonah, some of which were destroyed by ISIL in July 2014.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Muscat (مسقط) is the capital and largest city of Oman.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.
Nicosia (Λευκωσία; Lefkoşa) is the largest city on the island of Cyprus.
In telecommunications networks, a node (Latin nodus, ‘knot’) is either a redistribution point or a communication endpoint.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
Orlando is a city in the U.S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Panama City (Ciudad de Panamá) is the capital and largest city of Panama.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Sir Patrick Geddes FRSE (2 October 1854 – 17 April 1932) was a Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, philanthropist and pioneering town planner.
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
Peter James Taylor, FBA, FAcSS (born 21 November 1944) is an English geographer.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arizona.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
Port Louis (Port-Louis, Mauritian Creole: Porlwi poːrlwi) is the capital city of Mauritius.
Porto (also known as Oporto in English) is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of the major urban areas of the Iberian Peninsula.
Power in international relations is defined in several different ways.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
A primate city (Latin: "prime, first rank") is the largest city in its country or region, disproportionately larger than any others in the urban hierarchy.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Pune, formerly spelled Poona (1857–1978), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai.
Qingdao (also spelled Tsingtao) is a city in eastern Shandong Province on the east coast of China.
The quaternary sector of the economy is a way to describe a knowledge-based part of the economy, which typically includes services such as information technology, information-generation and -sharing, media, and research and development, as well as knowledge-based services like consultation, education, financial planning, blogging, and designing.
Quito (Kitu; Kitu), formally San Francisco de Quito, is the capital city of Ecuador, and at an elevation of above sea level, it is the second-highest official capital city in the world, after La Paz, and the one which is closest to the equator.
Raleigh is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County in the United States.
The Ranally city rating system is a tool developed by Rand McNally & Co.
Richard L. Florida (born November 26, 1957, in Newark, New Jersey) is an American urban studies theorist focusing on social and economic theory.
Richard G. Smith is a British geographer.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Riyadh (/rɨˈjɑːd/; الرياض ar-Riyāḍ Najdi pronunciation) is the capital and most populous city of Saudi Arabia.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
San Diego (Spanish for 'Saint Didacus') is a major city in California, United States.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
San José (literally meaning "Saint Joseph") is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica.
San Jose (Spanish for 'Saint Joseph'), officially the City of San José, is an economic, cultural, and political center of Silicon Valley and the largest city in Northern California.
San Juan (Saint John) is the capital and most populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States.
San Salvador ("Holy Savior") is the capital and the most populous city of El Salvador and its eponymous department.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
Santo Domingo (meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.
Saskia Sassen (born January 5, 1947) is a Dutch-American sociologist noted for her analyses of globalization and international human migration.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or Fengtian, is the provincial capital and the largest city of Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.
Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Skopje (Скопје) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia.
Socioeconomics (also known as social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
Sofia (Со́фия, tr.) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Suzhou (Wu Chinese), formerly romanized as Soochow, is a major city located in southeastern Jiangsu Province of East China, about northwest of Shanghai.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Taichung, officially known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in center-western Taiwan.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
Tampa is a major city in, and the county seat of, Hillsborough County, Florida, United States.
Tbilisi (თბილისი), in some countries also still named by its pre-1936 international designation Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people.
Tegucigalpa (formally Tegucigalpa, Municipality of the Central District, Tegucigalpa, Municipio del Distrito Central or Tegucigalpa, M.D.C.), colloquially referred to as Téguz, is the capital and largest city of Honduras along with its twin sister, Comayagüela.
Tel Aviv (תֵּל אָבִיב,, تل أَبيب) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Illustrated London News appeared first on Saturday 14 May 1842, as the world's first illustrated weekly news magazine.
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.
Tirana (—; Tiranë; Tirona) is the capital and most populous city of Albania.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
The University of Utah (also referred to as the U, U of U, or Utah) is a public coeducational space-grant research university in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara) is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with residents.
Witold Rybczynski (born 1 March 1943, in Edinburgh, Scotland) is a Canadian American architect, professor and writer.
The world economy or global economy is the economy of the world, considered as the international exchange of goods and services that is expressed in monetary units of account (money).
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
Xiamen, formerly romanized as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait.
Yangon (ရန်ကုန်မြို့, MLCTS rankun mrui,; formerly known as Rangoon, literally: "End of Strife") was the capital of the Yangon Region of Myanmar, also known as Burma.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
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