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AAA (pronounced "triple-A") is an informal classification used for video games produced and distributed by a mid-sized or major publisher, typically having higher development and marketing budgets.
Abandonware is a product, typically software, ignored by its owner and manufacturer, and for which no support is available.
The action game is a video game genre that emphasizes physical challenges, including hand–eye coordination and reaction-time.
Action role-playing video games (abbreviated action RPG or ARPG) are a subgenre of role-playing video games.
Actions per minute, abbreviated to APM, is a term used in video games, particularity real-time strategy and fighting games which refers to the total number of actions that a player can perform in a minute.
An adventure game is a video game in which the player assumes the role of a protagonist in an interactive story driven by exploration and puzzle-solving.
Affective computing (sometimes called artificial emotional intelligence, or emotion AI) is the study and development of systems and devices that can recognize, interpret, process, and simulate human affects.
Age of Empires is a series of historical real-time strategy video games, originally developed by Ensemble Studios and published by Microsoft Studios.
An alternate reality game (ARG) is an interactive networked narrative that uses the real world as a platform and employs transmedia storytelling to deliver a story that may be altered by players' ideas or actions.
An analog stick (or analogue stick in UK English), sometimes called a control stick, joystick, or thumbstick is an input device for a controller (often a game controller) that is used for two-dimensional input.
Anime is a style of hand-drawn and computer animation originating in, and commonly associated with, Japan.
Computer programmers historically used "Press any key to continue" (or a similar text) as a prompt to the user when it was necessary to pause processing.
A video game arcade cabinet, also known as a video arcade machine or video coin-op, is the housing within which a video arcade game's hardware resides.
An arcade game or coin-op is a coin-operated entertainment machine typically installed in public businesses such as restaurants, bars and amusement arcades.
Arrow keys or cursor movement keys are buttons on a computer keyboard that are either programmed or designated to move the cursor in a specified direction.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.
In video games, artificial intelligence is used to generate responsive, adaptive or intelligent behaviors primarily in non-player characters (NPCs), similar to human-like intelligence.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Assassin (also Killer) is a live-action game in which players try to eliminate one another using mock weapons, in an effort to become the last surviving player.
Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA.
Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.
Augmented Reality (AR) is an interactive experience of a real-world environment whose elements are "augmented" by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory, and olfactory.
Avalon: The Legend Lives is a text-based online multi-player role-playing game world that was first released on 28 October 1989 at the gaming convention Adventure 89.
Beat 'em up (also known as brawler) is a video game genre featuring hand-to-hand combat between the protagonist and an improbably large number of opponents.
Bloodborne is an action role-playing game developed by FromSoftware and published by Sony Computer Entertainment for PlayStation 4.
A bonus stage (also known as a bonus level or bonus round) is a special level within a video game designed to reward the player or players, and typically allows the player to collect extra points or power-ups.
In video gaming, a boss is a significant computer-controlled enemy.
BotFighters is a location-based mobile game and a pervasive game developed by It's Alive! (a wholly owned subsidiary of Digiment) designed to be a MMORPG played in an urban environment.
Bullshit (also bullcrap) is a common English expletive which may be shortened to the euphemism bull or the initialism BS.
In video gaming, camping is a controversial tactic where a player obtains a static strategic position of advantage.
Capture the flag (CTF) is a traditional outdoor game where two teams each have a flag (or other marker) and the objective is to capture the other team's flag, located at the team's "base," and bring it safely back to their own base.
Castlevania is a series of gothic fantasy action-adventure video games created and developed by Konami, centered on the Belmont family, a clan of vampire hunters, and their fight with Dracula.
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by government authorities.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
In role-playing games (RPG), a character class is a job or profession commonly used to differentiate the abilities of different game characters.
Cheating in online games is defined as the action of pretending to comply with the rules of the game, while secretly subverting them to gain an unfair advantage over an opponent.
Cheating in video games involves a video game player using non-standard methods to create an advantage or disadvantage beyond normal gameplay, in order to make the game easier or harder.
Chiptune, also known as chip music or 8-bit music, is synthesized electronic music which is made for programmable sound generator (PSG) sound chips used in vintage computers, consoles, and arcade machines.
is a character in Capcom's Street Fighter series.
City Pages is an alternative newspaper serving the Minneapolis–St. Paul metropolitan area.
A city-building game, or town-building game, is a genre of simulation video game where players act as the overall planner and leader of a city or town, looking down on it from above, and being responsible for its growth and management strategy.
The Cleric, Priest, or Bishop is a character class in Dungeons & Dragons and other fantasy role-playing games.
A collectible card game (CCG), also called a trading card game (TCG) or many other names, is a kind of strategy card game that was created in 1993 and consists of specially designed sets of playing cards.
Collision detection is the computational problem of detecting the intersection of two or more objects.
In video games, a combo (short for combination) is a set of actions performed in sequence, usually with strict timing limitations, that yield a significant benefit or advantage.
A compulsion loop or a core loop is a habitual, designed chain of activities that will be repeated to gain a neurochemical reward such as the release of dopamine.
Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
Console exclusivity refers to the status of a video game being released on only one video game console.
Conspicuous consumption is the spending of money on and the acquiring of luxury goods and services to publicly display economic power—of the income or of the accumulated wealth of the buyer.
Construction and management simulation (CMS) is a type of simulation game in which players build, expand or manage fictional communities or projects with limited resources.
Contra, distributed as Gryzor in Europe and Oceania, is a run and gun action game developed and published by Konami originally released as a coin-operated arcade game on February 20, 1987.
Cooperative gameplay (often abbreviated as co-op) is a feature in video games that allows players to work together as teammates, usually against one or more AI opponents.
A cover system is a video game gameplay mechanic that allows a virtual avatar to hide from and avoid dangers, usually in a three-dimensional world.
Crash was a magazine dedicated to the ZX Spectrum home computer.
In many role-playing games and video games, a critical hit (or crit) is a successful attack that deals more damage than a normal blow.
Crowd control (also called CC) is a term used in MMORPGs (Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games) and MOBAs (Multiplayer Online Battle Arenas) to refer to the ability to limit the number of mobs actively fighting during an encounter.
A currency detector or currency validator is a device that determines whether notes or coins are genuine or counterfeit.
A cutscene or event scene (sometimes in-game cinematic or in-game movie) is a sequence in a video game that is not interactive, breaking up the gameplay.
A D-pad (short for directional pad or digital pad; also known as a control pad) is a flat, usually thumb-operated four-way directional control with one button on each point, found on nearly all modern video game console gamepads, game controllers, on the remote control units of some television and DVD players, and smart phones.
Dark Age of Camelot (DAoC) is a 3D medieval fantasy MMORPG, released on October 10, 2001 in North America and in Europe shortly after through its partner GOA.
Deathmatch, also known as free-for-all, is a widely used gameplay mode integrated into many shooter and real-time strategy (RTS) video games.
Defense of the Ancients (DotA) is a multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) mod for the video game Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos and its expansion, Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne.
Designing Virtual Worlds is a book about the practice of virtual world development by Richard Bartle.
In video games, the term destructible environment, or terrain deformation, refers to an environment within a game which can be wholly or partially destroyed by the player.
Destructoid is an independent website, that was founded as a video game-focused blog in March 2006 by Yanier Gonzalez.
Development hell or development limbo is media industry jargon for a project that remains in development (often moving between different crews, scripts, or studios) without progressing to completion.
Diablo II is an action role-playing hack and slash video game developed by Blizzard North and published by Blizzard Entertainment in 2000 for Microsoft Windows, Classic Mac OS, and Mac OS X. The game, with its dark fantasy and horror themes, was conceptualized and designed by David Brevik and Erich Schaefer, who with Max Schaefer acted as project leads on the game.
A dialogue tree, or conversation tree, is a gameplay mechanic that is used throughout many adventure games (including action-adventure games) and role-playing video games.
is an arcade game developed and published by Namco in Japan in 1982.
Digital badges are a validated indicator of accomplishment, skill, quality or interest that can be earned in various learning environments.
In the video game industry, digital distribution is the process of delivering video game content as digital information, without the exchange or purchase of new physical media.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
Market dominance is a measure of the strength of a brand, product, service, or firm, relative to competitive offerings.
is an arcade game released by Nintendo in 1981.
Doom (typeset as DOOM in official documents and stylized as DooM in other media) is a 1993 first-person shooter (FPS) video game by id Software.
The Doom (stylized as DOOM) franchise is a series of first-person shooter video games developed by id Software, and related novels, comics, board games, and film adaptation.
id Tech 1, also known as Doom engine, is the game engine that powers the id Software games Doom and Doom II: Hell on Earth.
The Marine, commonly known as Doomguy and referred to as the Doom Slayer in the 2016 reboot of ''Doom'', is the unnamed player character in the Doom series of first-person shooters created by id Software, and its sequels and spin-off media.
Dota 2 is a free-to-play multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) video game developed and published by Valve Corporation.
Dotdash (formerly About.com) is an American Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites", of which there are nearly 1,000.
is a 1987 beat 'em up video game developed by Technōs Japan and distributed in North America and Europe by Taito.
Downloadable content (DLC) is additional content created for a released video game.
is a light gun shooter video game developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) video game console.
A dungeon crawl is a type of scenario in fantasy role-playing games in which heroes navigate a labyrinthine environment (a "dungeon"), battling various monsters, and looting any treasure they may find.
Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&DMead, Malcomson; ''Dungeons & Dragons'' FAQ or DnD) is a fantasy tabletop role-playing game (RPG) originally designed by Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson.
Dynamic game difficulty balancing, also known as dynamic difficulty adjustment (DDA) or dynamic game balancing (DGB), is the process of automatically changing parameters, scenarios, and behaviors in a video game in real-time, based on the player's ability, in order to avoid making the player bored (if the game is too easy) or frustrated (if it is too hard).
is a series of hack and slash action video games created by Omega Force and Koei.
Elite Beat Agents is a music video game developed by iNiS and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo DS handheld game console.
Elo hell (also known as MMR hell) is a video gaming term used in MOBAs and other multiplayer online games with competitive modes.
The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.
Emergent gameplay refers to complex situations in video games, board games, or table top role-playing games that emerge from the interaction of relatively simple game mechanics.
eSports (also known as electronic sports, esports, e-sports, competitive (video) gaming, professional (video) gaming, or pro gaming) are a form of competition using video games.
Eve Online (stylised EVE Online) is a space-based, persistent world massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed and published by CCP Games.
EverQuest is a 3D fantasy-themed massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed and published by Sony Online Entertainment, and released on March 16, 1999.
An expansion pack, expansion set, supplement, or simply expansion is an addition to an existing role-playing game, tabletop game, video game or collectible card game.
An experience point (often abbreviated to exp or XP) is a unit of measurement used in tabletop role-playing games (RPGs) and role-playing video games to quantify a player character's progression through the game.
F-Zero is a series of futuristic racing video games originally created by Nintendo EAD with multiple games developed by outside companies.
Fangames are video games made by fans based on one or more established video games.
Fantasy is an action/adventure arcade game developed by SNK and released in October 1981.
Fast travel is a video game mechanic used in open world titles that allows a player character to instantaneously travel between two previously discovered locations without having to traverse that distance in real time.
is a 1991 head-to-head fighting game released by SNK for the Neo Geo arcade and home platforms.
In first person video games, the field of view or field of vision (abbreviated FOV) is the extent of the observable game world that is seen on the display at any given moment.
The fifth-generation era (also known as the 32-bit era, the 64-bit era and the 3D era) refers to computer and video games, video game consoles and video game handhelds from approximately 1993 to 2001.
A fighting game is a video game genre based around interpersonal combat between a limited amount of characters, in which they fight until they defeat their opponents or the timer expires.
Final Fantasy VII is a 1997 role-playing video game developed by Square for the PlayStation console.
is a role-playing video game developed and published by Square as the tenth entry in the Final Fantasy series.
is a side-scrolling beat-'em-up video game produced by Capcom.
Firemonkeys Studios is a developer and publisher of video games, based in Melbourne, Australia.
In video games, the first person refers to a graphical perspective rendered from the viewpoint of the player's character.
First-person shooter (FPS) is a video game genre centered around gun and other weapon-based combat in a first-person perspective; that is, the player experiences the action through the eyes of the protagonist.
Flipping is a term used primarily in the United States to describe purchasing a revenue-generating asset and quickly reselling (or "flipping") it for profit.
Force concentration is the practice of concentrating a military force so as to bring to bear such overwhelming force against a portion of an enemy force that the disparity between the two forces alone acts as a force multiplier in favour of the concentrated forces.
In the history of computer and video games, the fourth generation (more commonly referred to as the 16-bit era) of games consoles began on October 30, 1987 with the Japanese release of NEC Home Electronics' PC Engine (known as the TurboGrafx-16 in North America).
The fourth wall is a performance convention in which an invisible, imagined wall separates actors from the audience.
Fragging is the deliberate killing or attempted killing by a soldier of a fellow soldier, usually a superior officer or non-commissioned officer (NCO).
Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.
Free look (also known as mouselook) describes the ability to move a mouse, joystick, analogue stick, or D-pad to rotate the player character's view in video games.
Free-to-play (F2P or FtP) video games are games that give players access to a significant portion of their content without paying.
Gaijin Entertainment is a Russian video game developer and publisher established in 2002.
is a Japanese arcade game developed and published by Namco Japan and by Midway in North America in 1981.
Gamasutra is a website founded in 1997 that focuses on all aspects of video game development.
Game & Watch (Gēmu & Uotchi; called Tricotronic in West Germany and Austria) is a line of handheld electronic games produced by Nintendo from 1980 to 1991.
In game design, balance is the concept and the practice of tuning a game's rules, usually with the goal of preventing any of its component systems from being ineffective or otherwise undesirable when compared to their peers.
The is an 8-bit handheld game console which was developed and manufactured by Nintendo and first released on the 100th anniversary of Nintendo in Japan on, in North America on and in Europe on.
A game controller is a device used with games or entertainment systems to provide input to a video game, typically to control an object or character in the game.
Game design is the art of applying design and aesthetics to create a game for entertainment or for educational, exercise, or experimental purposes.
A game engine is a software development environment designed for people to build video games.
Game mechanics are constructs of rules or methods designed for interaction with the game state, thus providing gameplay.
"Game over" is a message in video games which signals to the player that the game has ended, usually received negatively such as losing all of one's lives, though it sometimes also appears after successful completion of a game.
Game studies, or ludology, is the study of games, the act of playing them, and the players and cultures surrounding them.
Gameplay is the specific way in which players interact with a game, and in particular with video games.
A gamer is a person who plays interactive games, either video games, skill-based card games and plays for usually long periods of time.
Gauntlet is a fantasy-themed hack and slash arcade game by Atari Games.
Giant Bomb is an American video game website and wiki that includes personality driven gaming videos, commentary, news and reviews, created by former GameSpot editors Jeff Gerstmann and Ryan Davis.
This is a glossary of video game terms which lists the general terms as commonly used in Wikipedia articles related to video games and its industry.
In the 1990s and 2000s, gold farming was the practice of playing a massively multiplayer online game (MMO) to acquire in-game currency later selling it for real-world money.
Gran Turismo is a sim racing video game designed by Kazunori Yamauchi.
Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is an action-adventure video game series created by David Jones and Mike Dailly; the later titles of which were created by brothers Dan and Sam Houser, Leslie Benzies and Aaron Garbut.
Grand Theft Auto clone is a controversial subgenre of open world action-adventure video games, characterized by their likeness to the ''Grand Theft Auto'' series in either gameplay, or overall design.
Graphic violence is the depiction of especially vivid, brutal and realistic acts of violence in visual media such as literature, film, television, and video games.
A griefer is a player in a multiplayer video game who deliberately irritates and harasses other players within the game, using aspects of the game in unintended ways.
In video gaming, grinding is performing repetitive tasks for gameplay advantage.
A gun turret is a location from which weapons can be fired that affords protection, visibility, and some cone of fire.
, sometimes transliterated Gumpei Yokoi, was a Japanese video game designer.
A handheld game console is a small, portable self-contained video game console with a built-in screen, game controls, and speakers.
Handloading or reloading is the process of loading firearm cartridges or shotgun shells by assembling the individual components (case/hull, primer, powder, and bullet/shot), rather than purchasing completely assembled, factory-loaded ammunition.
Hate (also threat or aggro) is a mechanism used in many MMORPGs, as well as in some RPGs, by which mobs (enemies controlled by the system) prioritize which characters to attack.
In video gaming, the HUD (head-up display) or status bar is the method by which information is visually relayed to the player as part of a game's user interface.
Health or vitality is an attribute assigned to entities such as characters or objects within role-playing games and video games, that indicates their continued ability to function.
Hearthstone, originally Hearthstone: Heroes of Warcraft, is a free-to-play online collectible card video game developed and published by Blizzard Entertainment.
A heat map (or heatmap) is a graphical representation of data where the individual values contained in a matrix are represented as colors.
A hitbox is an invisible shape commonly used in video games for real-time collision detection.
I Wanna Be the Guy: The Movie: The Game (IWBTG) is a 2D platform indie freeware video game, created by Michael "Kayin" O'Reilly for Microsoft Windows using Multimedia Fusion 2.
IAC (InterActiveCorp) is an American holding company, that owns over 150 brands across 100 countries, mostly in media and Internet headquartered in New York City.
IGN (formerly Imagine Games Network) is an American video game and entertainment media company operated by IGN Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Ziff Davis wholly owned by j2 Global.
An in-joke, also known as an inside joke or a private joke, is a joke whose humour is understandable only to members of an ingroup, that is, people who are in a particular social group, occupation, or other community of shared interest.
An independent video game, or an indie game, is a video game that is often created without the financial support of a publisher, although some games funded by a publisher are still considered "indie".
In computer programming, an integer overflow occurs when an arithmetic operation attempts to create a numeric value that is outside of the range that can be represented with a given number of bits – either larger than the maximum or lower than the minimum representable value.
An invisible wall is a boundary in a video game that limits where a player character can go in a certain area, but does not appear as a physical obstacle.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Joshuah Bearman writes for Rolling Stone, Harper's, Wired, The New York Times Magazine, The Believer, and McSweeney's, and contributes to This American Life. Bearman was a contributing producer on the documentary, The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters.
A joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
Jumping or leaping is a form of locomotion or movement in which an organism or non-living (e.g., robotic) mechanical system propels itself through the air along a ballistic trajectory.
In multiplayer video games, particularly in MOBAs, first-person shooters, MMORPGs and MUDs, kill stealing is the practice of obtaining credit for killing an enemy, when another player has put more effort into the kill.
, commonly referred to as Konami, is a Japanese entertainment and gaming conglomerate.
The Konami Code (コナミコマンド, Konami komando, "Konami command") is a cheat code that appears in many Konami video games, although the code also appears in some non-Konami games.
Kotaku is a video game website and blog that was originally launched in 2004 as part of the Gawker Media network.
In online gaming, lag is a noticeable delay between the action of players and the reaction of the server in a video game.
League of Legends (abbreviated LoL) is a multiplayer online battle arena video game developed and published by Riot Games for Microsoft Windows and macOS.
A Let's Play (commonly referred to as an LP) is a style of video (or a screenshot accompanied by text) series documenting the playthrough of a video game, usually including commentary by the gamer.
A level, map, area, stage, world, track, board, floor, zone, phase, mission, or course in a video game is the total space available to the player during the course of completing a discrete objective.
A level editor (also known as a map, campaign or scenario editor) is software used to design levels, maps, campaigns, etc. and virtual worlds for a video game.
A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).
In video gaming, a life is a play-turn that a player-character has, defined as the period between start and end of play.
A light gun is a pointing device for computers and a control device for arcade and video games, typically shaped to resemble a pistol.
A live action role-playing game (LARP) is a form of role-playing game where the participants physically portray their characters.
A loading screen is a picture shown by a computer program, often a video game, while the program is loading or initializing.
A location-based game (or location-enabled game) is a type of pervasive game in which the gameplay evolves and progresses via a player's location.
In video games, a loot box (sometimes loot crate or prize crate, among other names) is a consumable virtual item which can be redeemed to receive a randomised selection of further virtual items, ranging from simple customization options for a player's avatar or character, to game-changing equipment such as weapons and armor.
In video games, a loot system is a method of distributing in-game items amongst a group of players.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Magic or mana is an attribute assigned to characters within a role-playing or video game that indicates their power to use special abilities or "spells".
is a series of go-kart-style racing video games developed and published by Nintendo as spin-offs from its trademark Super Mario series.
is a party video game for the Wii, the ninth installment in the Mario Party series.
is a crossover fighting video game developed and published by Capcom.
Mass Effect is a science fiction action role-playing third-person shooter video game series developed by the Canadian company BioWare and released for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Microsoft Windows, with the third installment also released on the Wii U. The fourth game was released on Windows, PlayStation 4 and Xbox One in March 2017.
A massively multiplayer online game (MMOG, or more commonly, MMO) is an online game with large numbers of players, typically from hundreds to thousands, on the same server.
Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) are a combination of role-playing video games and massively multiplayer online games in which a very large number of players interact with one another within a virtual world.
In multiplayer games, matchmaking is the process of connecting players together for online play sessions.
Metroid is an action game franchise created by Nintendo.
Metroidvania is a subgenre of the action-adventure genre of video games.
Micromanagement in gaming is the handling of detailed gameplay elements by the player.
Microtransaction (sometimes abbreviated as MTX) is a business model where users can purchase virtual goods via micropayments.
A minigame (also spelled mini-game or mini game, sometimes called a subgame or microgame) is a short video game often contained within another video game, and sometimes in application software or on a display of any form of hardware.
A mixed reality game (or hybrid reality game) is a game which takes place in both reality and virtual reality simultaneously.
A mob, short for mobile, also known as an enemy or mook, is a computer-controlled non-player character (NPC) in a computer game such as an MMORPG or MUD.
A mobile app is a computer program designed to run on a mobile device such as a phone/tablet or watch.
A mobile game is a video game played on a feature phone, smartphone/tablet, smartwatch, PDA, portable media player or graphing calculator.
A mod (short for "modification") is an alteration that changes some aspects or one aspect of a video game, such as how it looks or behaves.
The franchise is a series of fantasy-themed action role-playing video games that started with the game Monster Hunter for PlayStation 2, released in 2004.
Motion sickness is a condition in which a disagreement exists between visually perceived movement and the vestibular system's sense of movement.
A MUD (originally Multi-User Dungeon, with later variants Multi-User Dimension and Multi-User Domain) is a multiplayer real-time virtual world, usually text-based.
Multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA), also known as action real-time strategy (ARTS), is a subgenre of strategy video games that originated as a subgenre of real-time strategy, in which a player controls a single character in a team who compete versus another team of players.
A multiplayer video game is a video game in which more than one person can play in the same game environment at the same time, either locally or over the internet.
is a series of video game compilations released by Namco for various consoles released in the 5th generation and above, containing releases primarily from their arcade games from the late 1970s, 1980s, and early 1990s.
The, stylised as NEO・GEO, also written as NEOGEO, is a cartridge-based arcade system board and fourth-generation home video game console released on April 26, 1990, by Japanese game company SNK Corporation.
A New Game Plus (or New Game+, often abbreviated as NG+) is an unlockable video game mode available in some video games that allows the player to start a new game after they finish it at least once, where certain features in NG+ not normally available in a first playthrough are added, and where certain aspects of the finished game affect the newly started game, such as keeping in the new game items or experience gained in the first playthrough.
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo.
is an action role-playing video game developed by Team Ninja for the PlayStation 4 and Microsoft Windows.
In some video games, noclip mode is a video game cheat command that prevents the first-person player character camera from being obstructed by other objects and permits the camera to move in any direction, allowing it to pass through such things as walls, props, and other players.
A non-player character (NPC) in a game is any character that is not controlled by a player.
Non-volatile memory (NVM) or non-volatile storage is a type of computer memory that can retrieve stored information even after having been power cycled.
An online game is a video game that is either partially or primarily played through the Internet or any other computer network available.
An open world in video games is a virtual world in which the player can explore and approach objectives freely, as opposed to a world with more linear gameplay.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
In finance, the style or family of an option is the class into which the option falls, usually defined by the dates on which the option may be exercised.
, or simply Ouendan, is a rhythm video game developed by iNiS and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo DS handheld game console in 2005, for release only in Japan.
An overworld is, in a broad sense, an area within a video game that interconnects all its levels or locations.
, stylized as PAC-MAN, is an arcade game developed by Namco and first released in Japan as Puck Man in May 1980.
is a video game in the Pac-Man series developed by Nintendo and published by Namco for the GameCube.
A paddle is a game controller with a round wheel and one or more fire buttons, where the wheel is typically used to control movement of the player object along one axis of the video screen.
PC games, also known as computer games or personal computer games, are video games played on a personal computer rather than a dedicated video game console or arcade machine.
PC Gamer is a magazine founded in the United Kingdom in 1993 devoted to PC gaming and published monthly by Future plc.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
In video games, mostly role-playing games, and in tabletop role-playing game, permadeath, or permanent death, is a gameplay mechanic where the player characters who die are permanently dead and removed from the game and can no longer be used to play.
A persistent world or persistent state world (PSW) is a virtual world which, by the definition by Richard Bartle, "continues to exist and develop internally even when there are no people interacting with it".
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
A pervasive game is a video game where the gaming experience is extended out in the real world, or where the fictive world in which the game takes place blends with the physical world.
Pinball is a type of arcade game, in which points are scored by a player manipulating one or more steel balls on a play field inside a glass-covered cabinet called a pinball table (or "pinball machine").
A platform game, or platformer, is a video game genre and subgenre of action game.
A player character (also known as PC and playable character) is a fictional character in a role-playing game or video game whose actions are directly controlled by a player of the game rather than the rules of the game.
Player versus environment, or PvE (also known as player versus monster, or PvM in some communities), is a term used in online games, particularly MMORPGs, CORPGs, MUDs, and other online role-playing video games, to refer to fighting computer-controlled enemies—in contrast to PvP (player versus player).
Player(s) versus player(s), better known as PvP, is a type of multiplayer interactive conflict within a game between two or more live participants.
is a gaming brand that consists of four home video game consoles, as well as a media center, an online service, a line of controllers, two handhelds and a phone, as well as multiple magazines.
Pokémon Go is an augmented reality (AR) game developed by Niantic for iOS and Android devices, initially released in select countries in July 2016.
Pong is one of the earliest arcade video games.
PopMatters is an international online magazine of cultural criticism that covers many aspects of popular culture.
In software engineering, porting is the process of adapting software for the purpose of achieving some form of execution in a computing environment that is different from the one that a given program (meant for such execution) was originally designed for (e.g. different CPU, operating system, or third party library).
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
In video games, power-ups are objects that instantly benefit or add extra abilities to the game character as a game mechanic.
Pre-rendering is the process in which video footage is not rendered in real-time by the hardware that is outputting or playing back the video.
In common law legal systems, a precedent, or authority, is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court or other tribunal when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.
In computing, procedural generation is a method of creating data algorithmically as opposed to manually.
In marketing, product bundling is offering several products or services for sale as one combined product or service package.
Quake is a first-person shooter video game, developed by id Software and published by GT Interactive in 1996.
The Quake engine is the game engine developed by id Software to power their 1996 video game Quake.
A quest, or mission, is a task in video games that a player-controlled character, party, or group of characters may complete in order to gain a reward.
In video games, a quick time event (QTE) is a method of context-sensitive gameplay in which the player performs actions on the control device shortly after the appearance of an on-screen instruction/prompt.
QWERTY is a keyboard design for Latin-script alphabets.
In motorsport, the racing line or simply "the line" is the optimal path around a race course.
The racing video game genre is the genre of video games, either in the first-person or third-person perspective, in which the player partakes in a racing competition with any type of land, water, air or space vehicles.
A raid is a type of mission in a video game in which a number of people attempt to defeat another number of people at player-vs-player, a series of computer-controlled enemies in a player-vs-environment battlefield, or a very powerful boss.
Rate of fire is the frequency at which a specific weapon can fire or launch its projectiles.
Real Racing 3 is a racing game, developed by Firemonkeys Studios and published by Electronic Arts for iOS, Android, Nvidia Shield and BlackBerry 10 devices.
Real-time strategy (RTS) is a subgenre of strategy video games where the game does not progress incrementally in turns.
Final Fantasy is a media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix (formerly Square).
Red Bull is an energy drink sold by Red Bull GmbH, an Austrian company created in 1987.
Renegade is a video game released in 1986 by Taito.
Replay value or replayability is a term used to assess a video game's potential for continued play value after its first completion.
Retrogaming, also known as classic gaming and old school gaming, is the playing or collecting of older personal computer, console, and arcade video games in contemporary times.
A review bomb is an Internet phenomenon in which large groups of people leave negative user reviews for video games and other products in an attempt to harm their sales and popularity.
Rhythm game or rhythm action is a genre of music-themed action video game that challenges a player's sense of rhythm.
is a competitive fighting game produced by Capcom originally released as an arcade game in 1997 and ported to the PlayStation in 1998.
Rock, Paper, Shotgun (also known as RPS) is a UK-based blog operated by Rock, Paper, Shotgun Ltd and authored by Alec Meer, Jim Rossignol, Adam Smith, John Walker, and formerly also Kieron Gillen and Quintin Smith.
In first-person shooter games, rocket jumping is the technique of using the explosion of a rocket launcher combined with a jump.
A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired anti-tank weapon system that fires rockets equipped with an explosive warhead.
Rogue (also known as Rogue: Exploring the Dungeons of Doom) is a dungeon crawling video game by Michael Toy and Glenn Wichman and later contributions by Ken Arnold.
Roguelike is a subgenre of role-playing video game characterized by a dungeon crawl through procedurally generated levels, turn-based gameplay, tile-based graphics, and permanent death of the player character.
A role-playing video game (commonly referred to as simply a role-playing game or an RPG as well as a computer role-playing game or a CRPG) is a video game genre where the player controls the actions of a character (and/or several party members) immersed in some well-defined world.
ROM hacking is the process of modifying a ROM image of a video game to alter the game's graphics, dialogue, levels, gameplay, and/or other elements.
is a fictional character in the Capcom's Street Fighter series.
A sandpit (most Commonwealth countries) or sandbox (US/Canada) is a low, wide container or shallow depression filled with soft (beach) sand in which children can play.
A saved game (also sometimes called a game save, savegame, savefile, save point, or simply save) is a piece of digitally stored information about the progress of a player in a video game.
In games, score refers to an abstract quantity associated with a player or team.
Screen burn-in, image burn-in or ghost image, colloquially known as screen burn, is a discoloration of areas on an electronic display such as a CRT display or an old computer monitor or television set caused by cumulative non-uniform use of the pixels.
A screensaver (or screen saver) is a computer program that blanks the screen or fills it with moving images or patterns when the computer is not in use.
A screenshot (or screen grab) is a digital image of what should be visible on a monitor, television, or other visual output device.
A season pass is a discounted package for current and future downloadable content packs for a video game.
Sega Games Co., Ltd., originally short for Service Games and officially styled as SEGA, is a Japanese multinational video game developer and publisher headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, with offices around the world.
Sentience is the capacity to feel, perceive or experience subjectively.
Shoot 'em up (also known as shmup or STGDavies, Jonti.. GameSpy. 30 July 2008.Carless, Simon.. Game Set Watch. 5 April 2011.) is a subgenre of the shooter genre of video games.
Shooter games are a subgenre of action game, which often test the player's speed and reaction time.
A shotgun (also known as a scattergun, or historically as a fowling piece) is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile called a slug.
Shovelware is derogatory computer jargon for software bundles noted more for the quantity of what is included than for the quality or usefulness.
A simulation video game describes a diverse super-category of video games, generally designed to closely simulate real world activities.
A single-player video game is a video game where input from only one player is expected throughout the course of the gaming session.
A smart toy is a toy which effectively has its own intelligence by virtue of on-board electronics.
The SNK vs.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
A software bug is an error, flaw, failure or fault in a computer program or system that causes it to produce an incorrect or unexpected result, or to behave in unintended ways.
A software release life cycle is the sum of the stages of development and maturity for a piece of computer software: ranging from its initial development to its eventual release, and including updated versions of the released version to help improve software or fix software bugs still present in the software.
The is a series of action role-playing video games created and developed by FromSoftware.
A sound test is a function built into the options screen of many video games.
In video games, spawning is the live creation of a character, item or mob.
A speedrun is a play-through (or a recording thereof) of a video game performed with the intention of completing it as fast as possible.
A splash screen is a graphical control element consisting of a window containing an image, a logo, and the current version of the software.
A split screen is a display technique in computer graphics that consists of dividing graphics and/or text into non-movable adjacent parts, typically two or four rectangular areas.
A sports game is a video game genre that simulates the practice of sports.
In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional bitmap that is integrated into a larger scene.
Stacker is a game merchandiser manufactured by LAI Games.
A statistic (or stat) in role-playing games is a piece of data that represents a particular aspect of a fictional character.
In role-playing games, a status effect is a temporary modification to a game character’s original set of stats that usually comes into play when special powers and abilities (such as spells) are used, often during combat.
A storyboard is a graphic organizer in the form of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence.
In video games, strafing is the technique of moving the player's character from side to side, rather than forward or backward.
A strategy game or strategic game is a game (e.g. video or board game) in which the players' uncoerced, and often autonomous decision-making skills have a high significance in determining the outcome.
Strategy guides are instruction books that contain hints or complete solutions to specific video games.
Strategy video game is a video game that focuses on skillful thinking and planning to achieve victory.
, commonly abbreviated as SF or スト (Suto), is a fighting video game franchise developed and published by Capcom, and serves as the company's flagship series.
Street Fighter Alpha: Warriors' Dreams is a fighting game by Capcom originally released for the arcade for the CP System II hardware.
Street Fighter II: The World Warrior is a competitive fighting game developed by Capcom and released for arcades in.
is a fighting video game in Capcom's Street Fighter series, originally released as coin-operated arcade game in.
Summoner is an action role-playing video game developed by Volition and published by THQ.
Super Mario Galaxy 2 is a platforming video game developed and published by Nintendo for the Wii.
Super Meat Boy is an independent video game designed by Edmund McMillen and Tommy Refenes and developed by Team Meat.
Survival mode, or horde mode, is a game mode in a video game in which the player must continue playing for as long as possible without dying in an uninterrupted session while the game presents them with increasingly difficult waves of challenges.
A sweepstake is a type of contest where a prize or prizes may be awarded to a winner or winners.
Tabletop games are games that are normally played on a table or other flat surface, such as board games, card games, dice games, miniatures wargames or tile-based games.
Target acquisition is the detection, identification, and location of a target in sufficient detail to permit the effective employment of lethal and non-lethal means.
In strategy computer games, a technology, tech, or research tree is a hierarchical visual representation of the possible sequences of upgrades a player can take (most often through the act of research).
In sporting terminology, to telegraph is to unintentionally alert an opponent to one's immediate situation or intentions.
Temple Run 2 is an endless running video game developed and published by Imangi Studios.
Text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile phones, tablets, desktops/laptops, or other devices.
The Amazing Race is a reality television game show in which teams of two people race around the world in competition with other teams.
The Beast is an alternate reality game developed by Microsoft to promote the 2001 film A.I. Artificial Intelligence.
The Game is a non-stop 24- to 48-hour treasure hunt, puzzlehunt or road rally that has run in the San Francisco Bay and Seattle areas.
The King of Fighters '94 (officially abbreviated KOF 94) is a fighting game released by SNK for the Neo Geo-based arcade system in, as the inaugural game in The King of Fighters series.
The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters is a 2007 American documentary film about competitive gaming directed by Seth Gordon.
Theorycraft (or theorycrafting) is the mathematical analysis of game mechanics, usually in video games, to discover optimal strategies and tactics.
The Thief, Burglar, Scoundrel, or Rogue is a character class in many role-playing games, including Dungeons & Dragons, Final Fantasy, World of Warcraft and many MMORPGs.
In the history of computer and video games, the third generation (sometimes referred to as the 8-bit era) began on July 15, 1983, with the Japanese release of both the Family Computer (referred to in Japan in the abbreviated form "Famicom", and later known as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or NES, in the rest of the world) and SG-1000.
Time attack racing is a type of motorsport where the racers compete for the best lap time.
In many racing sports an athlete (or occasionally a team of athletes) will compete in a time trial against the clock to secure the fastest time.
The New York University Tisch School of the Arts (also known as Tisch, TNYU, and TTSOA) is a center of study in the performing and media arts.
A touchscreen is an input and output device normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system.
Tower defense (TD) is a subgenre of strategy video game where the goal is to defend a player's territories or possessions by obstructing the enemy attackers, usually achieved by placing defensive structures on or along their path of attack.
A trackball is a pointing device consisting of a ball held by a socket containing sensors to detect a rotation of the ball about two axes—like an upside-down mouse with an exposed protruding ball.
Transmedia storytelling (also known as transmedia narrative or multiplatform storytelling) is the technique of telling a single story or story experience across multiple platforms and formats using current digital technologies, not to be confused with traditional cross-platform media franchises, sequels, or adaptations.
Transreality gaming, sometimes written as trans-reality gaming, also known as Real Life Gaming, describes a type or a mode of gameplay that combines playing a game in a virtual environment with game-related, physical experiences in the real world and vice versa.
In video and other games, the passage of time must be handled in a way that players find fair and easy to understand.
Twinking is a type of behavior in role-playing video games.
Twitch is a live streaming video platform owned by Twitch Interactive, a subsidiary of Amazon.
Ubiquitous computing (or "ubicomp") is a concept in software engineering and computer science where computing is made to appear anytime and everywhere.
Uncle Roy All Around You (URAY) is a pervasive game made by Blast Theory.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Alabama Press is a university press founded in 1945 and is the scholarly publishing arm of the University of Alabama.
Unsportsmanlike conduct (also called unsporting behaviour or ungentlemanly conduct or bad sportsmanship or poor sportsmanship) is a foul or offense in many sports that violates the sport's generally accepted rules of sportsmanship and participant conduct.
For the 2007 MMORPG, see Vanguard: Saga of Heroes is a 1981 arcade game developed by TOSE, and published by SNK in Japan in 1981 Retrieved on 2009-03-18 and later during the same year in Germany by the same publisher, Retrieved on 2009-03-18 while it was licensed to Centuri for manufacture in North America in October 1981 Retrieved on 2009-03-18 and by Zaccaria in Italy during the same year, Retrieved on 2009-03-18 putting SNK on the map in those regions.
In the computer industry, vaporware (alt. vapourware) is a product, typically computer hardware or software, that is announced to the general public but is never actually manufactured nor officially cancelled.
Vehicle simulation games are a genre of video games which attempt to provide the player with a realistic interpretation of operating various kinds of vehicles.
VentureBeat is an American technology website.
VG247 (stylized as VG24/7) is a video game blog published in the United Kingdom, founded in February 2008 by industry veteran Patrick Garratt.
Video is a discontinued American consumer electronics magazine that was published from 1977 to 1999 by Reese Communications with a focus on video and audio devices.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
A video game clone is either a video game (or series) which is very similar to or heavily inspired by a previous popular game or series.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
A video game console emulator is a type of emulator that allows a computing device to emulate a video game console's hardware and play its games on the emulating platform.
A video game content rating system is a system used for the classification of video games into suitability-related groups.
Video game design is the process of designing the content and rules of a video game in the pre-production stage and designing the gameplay, environment, storyline, and characters in the production stage.
A video game developer is a software developer that specializes in video game development – the process and related disciplines of creating video games.
The video game industry is the economic sector involved in the development, marketing, and monetization of video games.
Video game localization is the preparation of video game software and hardware for sale in a new region or country.
A video game publisher is a company that publishes video games that have been developed either internally by the publisher or externally by a video game developer.
Virtual goods are non-physical objects and money purchased for use in online communities or online games.
Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.
A is an interactive game genre, which originated in Japan, featuring mostly static graphics, most often using anime-style art or occasionally live-action stills (and sometimes video footage).
A wargame (also war game) is a strategy game that deals with military operations of various types, real or fictional.
A warp, also known as a portal or teleporter, is an element in video game design that allows a player character instant travel between two locations or levels.
Warrior is a character class (or job) found in many role-playing games.
The Wii is a home video game console released by Nintendo on November 19, 2006.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
The Wizard is a type of magical character class in certain role-playing games, including role-playing video games.
Wolfenstein 3D is a first-person shooter video game developed by id Software and published by Apogee Software and FormGen.
World of Warcraft (WoW) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) released in 2004 by Blizzard Entertainment.
Wraparound, in video games, is a gameplay variation on the single-screen in which space is finite but unbounded; objects leaving one side of the screen immediately reappear on the opposite side, maintaining speed and trajectory.
Xbox is a video gaming brand created and owned by Microsoft.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
A zero-player game or no-player game is a game that has no sentient players.
In a MUD or MMO, zone and area are terms used to refer to one of the parts of the shared virtual environment.
Zzap!64 was a computer games magazine covering games on the Commodore International series of computers, especially the Commodore 64 (C64).
16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm.
1UP.com was an American entertainment website that focused on video games.
The two-and-a-half-dimensional (2.5D, alternatively three-quarter and pseudo-3D) perspective is either 2D graphical projections and similar techniques used to cause images or scenes to simulate the appearance of being three-dimensional (3D) when in fact they are not, or gameplay in an otherwise three-dimensional video game that is restricted to a two-dimensional plane or has a virtual camera with a fixed angle.
2D computer graphics is the computer-based generation of digital images—mostly from two-dimensional models (such as 2D geometric models, text, and digital images) and by techniques specific to them.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
4X is a genre of strategy-based video and board games in which players control an empire and "eXplore, eXpand, eXploit, and eXterminate".
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
8-bit is also a generation of microcomputers in which 8-bit microprocessors were the norm.
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