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Gloster Gladiator

Index Gloster Gladiator

The Gloster Gladiator (or Gloster SS.37) is a British-built biplane fighter. [1]

255 relations: Aden Protectorate, Adolf Hitler, Air Ministry, Air officer commanding, Aircraft carrier, Aircraft catapult, Aircraft dope, Albanian Kingdom (1939–43), Anglo-Iraqi War, Archimede-class submarine, Arthur Chin, Avia B-534, Baghdad, Baldonnel, Dublin, Baqubah, Bardia, Bardufoss Air Station, Barrage balloon, Battle of Belgium, Battle of Britain, Battle of Crete, Battle of France, Battle of Greece, Battleship, Belgium, Biplane, Björn Bjuggren, Blockade, Bomber, Bracing (aeronautics), Breda Ba.65, Breech-loading weapon, Bristol Bulldog, Bristol Mercury, British Empire, British Expeditionary Force (World War II), Caesar Hull, Cantilever, Cargo aircraft, China, Chinese Americans, Combat air patrol, Continuation War, Crete, Dabat, Development of Chinese Nationalist air force (1937–45), Devon, Dewoitine D.520, Dinghy, Dogfight, ..., Dornier Do 18, Dowty Group, Dunkirk evacuation, Egypt, Eleusis, Essex Regiment, Ethiopia, F. H. Maynard, Fairey Aviation Company, Faisal II of Iraq, Fallschirmjäger (World War II), Fascism, Fiat CR.32, Fiat CR.42, Fighter aircraft, Finland, Finnish Air Force, Fleet Air Arm, Fliegerführer Irak, Flight (military unit), Flying ace, Flying Regiment 19, Finnish Air Force, Fokker C.V, Fort Saint Elmo, Franco Lucchini, Free France, French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, French war planning 1920–1940, George Burges, German battleship Gneisenau, German battleship Scharnhorst, Germany, Gerry Sayer, Gloster Aircraft Company, Gloster F.5/34, Gloster Gauntlet, Gloucestershire, Greco-Italian War, Greece, Grumman F3F, Guangzhou, Hal Far Fighter Flight, Harstad, Hawker Aircraft, Hawker Hart, Hawker Hurricane, Heinkel He 111, Heinkel He 115, Hellenic Air Force, Helmut Lent, Hendon, Henry Folland, Hinnøya, HMS Acasta (H09), HMS Ardent (H41), HMS Glorious, Hong Kong, Hornchurch, Hucclecote, Imperial War Museum Duxford, Iraq, Iraqi Air Force, Ireland, Irish Air Corps, Ismailia, Italian submarine Galileo Galilei, Italy, Jet Age Museum, John Lapsley, Junkers F.13, Junkers Ju 52, Junkers Ju 88, Kampfgeschwader 1, Kenley, Korçë, Kurds, Lake Ladoga, Lake Onega, Lapland (Finland), Latvia, Lesjaskogsvatnet, Lewis gun, Linköping, List of Air Ministry specifications, List of aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm, List of aircraft of the Royal Air Force, List of aircraft of World War II, Lithuania, London, Low Countries, Luftwaffe, M1919 Browning machine gun, Macchi C.200, Maiden flight, Mainland, Malta, Manstein Plan, Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk M.F.11, Mario Visintini, Maubeuge, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Messerschmitt Bf 110, Middle East, Mitsubishi A5M, Mitsubishi A6M Zero, Monoplane, Murmansk, Nanjing, Narvik, National War Museum (Malta), Netherlands, No. 112 Squadron RAF, No. 1435 Flight RAF, No. 16 Squadron (Finland), No. 239 Squadron RAF, No. 247 Squadron RAF, No. 263 Squadron RAF, No. 46 Squadron RAF, No. 80 Squadron RAF, No. 94 Squadron RAF, Norsk krigsleksikon 1940–1945, North African Campaign, Northern Norway, Norway, Norwegian Army, Norwegian Army Air Service, Norwegian Aviation Museum, Norwegian Campaign, Oiva Tuominen, Operation Alphabet, Operation Weserübung, Oppland, Orkney, Oslo, Oslo Airport, Fornebu, Paavo Berg, Pat Pattle, Pechengsky District, Phoney War, Pierre Le Gloan, Polikarpov I-15, Polikarpov I-153, Polikarpov R-5, Polo, Portugal, Raab-Katzenstein RK-26, Radial engine, RAF Habbaniya, RAF Hal Far, RAF Hinaidi, RAF Roborough, Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, Regia Aeronautica, Republic of China Air Force, Rhodesia, RNAS Hatston, Roald Dahl, Rolls-Royce Goshawk, Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force Museum, Royal Air Force Museum Cosford, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Norwegian Air Force, Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service, Savoia-Marchetti SM.79, Savoia-Marchetti SM.81, Second Sino-Japanese War, Shuttleworth Collection, Siege of Malta (World War II), Singapore in the Straits Settlements, Skånland, South African Air Force, Souvenir, Soviet Air Forces, SS Athenia, Strafing, Suez Canal, Supermarine Spitfire, Surrender (military), Sweden, Swedish Air Force, Swedish Air Force Museum, Synchronization gear, Syria–Lebanon Campaign, Ta' Qali, Tailhook, Tangmere, The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More, Tobruk, Trikala, United Kingdom, Valletta, Vichy France, Vichy French Air Force, Vickers machine gun, Vickers Wellington, Vitry-en-Artois, William Vale, Winter War, World War II, .30-06 Springfield, .303 British, 802 Naval Air Squadron, 804 Naval Air Squadron. Expand index (205 more) »

Aden Protectorate

The Aden Protectorate (محمية عدن) was a British protectorate in southern Arabia which evolved in the hinterland of the port of Aden and in the Hadramaut following the conquest of Aden by Great Britain in 1839, and it continued until the 1960s.

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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Air Ministry

The Air Ministry was a department of the Government of the United Kingdom with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force, that existed from 1918 to 1964.

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Air officer commanding

Air officer commanding (AOC) is a title given in the air forces of Commonwealth (and some other) nations to an air officer who holds a command appointment which typically comprises a large, organized collection of air force assets.

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Aircraft carrier

An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.

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Aircraft catapult

An aircraft catapult is a device used to launch aircraft from ships, most commonly used on aircraft carriers, as a form of assisted take off.

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Aircraft dope

Aircraft dope is a plasticised lacquer that is applied to fabric-covered aircraft (both full-size and flying models).

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Albanian Kingdom (1939–43)

The Albanian Kingdom (Gheg Albanian: Mbretnija Shqiptare, Standard Albanian: Mbretëria Shqiptare, Regno albanese), also known as Greater Albania, existed as a protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy.

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Anglo-Iraqi War

The Anglo–Iraqi War (2–31 May 1941) was a British military campaign against the rebel government of Rashid Ali in the Kingdom of Iraq during the Second World War.

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Archimede-class submarine

The Archimede class were a group of submarines built for the Italian Navy in the early 1930s.

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Arthur Chin

Arthur Tien Chin (Cantonese: Chan Sui-Tin; October 23, 1913 – September 3, 1997) was a pilot from the United States who participated in the Second Sino-Japanese War.

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Avia B-534

The Avia B-534 is a Czechoslovak biplane developed and manufactured by aviation company Avia.

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Baghdad

Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.

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Baldonnel, Dublin

Baldonnel, is a townland, and industrial/agricultural area near Clondalkin, Tallaght, Lucan, Saggart and Naas, in west County Dublin.

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Baqubah

Baqubah (ܒܰܩܽܘܒܰܐ, بعقوبة; BGN: Ba‘qūbah; also spelled Baquba and Baqouba) is the capital of Iraq's Diyala Governorate.

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Bardia

Bardia, or El Burdi (البردية or البردي) is a Mediterranean seaport in the Butnan District of eastern Libya.

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Bardufoss Air Station

Bardufoss Air Station (Norwegian: Bardufoss flystasjon) is located in the municipality of Målselv in Troms county in Northern Norway.

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Barrage balloon

A barrage balloon is a large kite balloon used to defend against aircraft attack by raising aloft cables which pose a collision risk, making the attacker's approach more difficult.

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Battle of Belgium

The Battle of Belgium or Belgian Campaign, often referred to within Belgium as the 18 Days' Campaign (Campagne des 18 jours, Achttiendaagse Veldtocht), formed part of the greater Battle of France, an offensive campaign by Germany during the Second World War.

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Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.

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Battle of Crete

The Battle of Crete (Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta, also Unternehmen Merkur, "Operation Mercury," Μάχη της Κρήτης) was fought during the Second World War on the Greek island of Crete.

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Battle of France

The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.

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Battle of Greece

The Battle of Greece (also known as Operation Marita, Unternehmen Marita) is the common name for the invasion of Allied Greece by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany in April 1941 during World War II.

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Battleship

A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Biplane

A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.

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Björn Bjuggren

Björn Gustaf Eriksson Bjuggren, “Bjuggas”, (29 January 1904 – 4 April 1968) was a Swedish Air Force lieutenant general and aviator.

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Blockade

A blockade is an effort to cut off supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally.

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Bomber

A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.

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Bracing (aeronautics)

In aeronautics, bracing comprises additional structural members which stiffen the functional airframe to give it rigidity and strength under load.

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Breda Ba.65

The Breda Ba.65 was an Italian all-metal single-engine, low-wing monoplane used by Aviazione Legionaria during the Spanish Civil War and Regia Aeronautica in the first part of World War II.

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Breech-loading weapon

A breech-loading gun is a firearm in which the cartridge or shell is inserted or loaded into a chamber integral to the rear portion of a barrel.

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Bristol Bulldog

The Bristol Bulldog was a British Royal Air Force single-seat biplane fighter designed during the 1920s by the Bristol Aeroplane Company.

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Bristol Mercury

The Bristol Mercury is a nine-cylinder, air-cooled, single-row, piston radial engine.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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British Expeditionary Force (World War II)

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.

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Caesar Hull

Squadron Leader Caesar Barrand Hull, DFC (26 February 1914 – 7 September 1940) was a Royal Air Force (RAF) flying ace during the Second World War, noted especially for his part in the fighting for Narvik during the Norwegian Campaign in 1940, and for being one of "The Few"—the Allied pilots of the Battle of Britain, in which he was shot down and killed.

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Cantilever

A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.

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Cargo aircraft

A cargo aircraft (also known as freight aircraft, freighter, airlifter or cargo jet) is a fixed-wing aircraft that is designed or converted for the carriage of cargo rather than passengers.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chinese Americans

Chinese Americans, which includes American-born Chinese, are Americans who have full or partial Chinese ancestry.

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Combat air patrol

Combat air patrol (CAP) is a type of flying mission for fighter aircraft.

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Continuation War

The Continuation War was a conflict fought by Finland and Nazi Germany, as co-belligerents, against the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1941 to 1944, during World War II.

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Crete

Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.

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Dabat

Dabat is a town in northern Ethiopia.

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Development of Chinese Nationalist air force (1937–45)

The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) was formed by the Kuomintang after the establishment of the Aviation Ministry in 1920.

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Devon

Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.

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Dewoitine D.520

The Dewoitine D.520 was a French fighter aircraft that entered service in early 1940, shortly after the beginning of the Second World War.

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Dinghy

A dinghy (or dingey) is a type of small boat, often carried or towed for use as a lifeboat by a larger vessel.

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Dogfight

A dogfight, or dog fight, is an aerial battle between fighter aircraft, conducted at close range.

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Dornier Do 18

The Dornier Do 18 was a development of the Do 16 flying boat.

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Dowty Group

Dowty Group was a leading British manufacturer of aircraft equipment.

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Dunkirk evacuation

The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Eleusis

Eleusis (Ελευσίνα Elefsina, Ancient Greek: Ἐλευσίς Eleusis) is a town and municipality in West Attica, Greece.

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Essex Regiment

The Essex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958.

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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F. H. Maynard

Air Vice Marshal Forster Herbert Martin "Sammy" Maynard, (1 May 1893 – 26 January 1976) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force and a flying ace credited with six aerial victories during the First World War.

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Fairey Aviation Company

The Fairey Aviation Company Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer of the first half of the 20th century based in Hayes in Middlesex and Heaton Chapel and RAF Ringway in Lancashire.

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Faisal II of Iraq

Faisal II (Arabic: الملك فيصل الثاني Al-Malik Fayṣal Ath-thānī) (2 May 1935 – 14 July 1958) was the last King of Iraq.

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Fallschirmjäger (World War II)

The Fallschirmjäger were the paratrooper (Fallschirmjäger) branch of the German Luftwaffe before and during World War II.

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Fascism

Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.

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Fiat CR.32

The Fiat CR.32 was an Italian biplane fighter used in the Spanish Civil War and World War II.

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Fiat CR.42

The Fiat CR.42 Falco ("Falcon", plural: Falchi) was a single-seat sesquiplane fighter developed and produced by Italian aircraft manufacturer Fiat Aviazione.

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Fighter aircraft

A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.

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Finland

Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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Finnish Air Force

The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Flygvapnet) ("Air Arm") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.

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Fleet Air Arm

The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.

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Fliegerführer Irak

Flyer Command Iraq (Fliegerführer Irak) was a unit of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) sent to Iraq in May 1941 as part of a German mission to support the regime of Rashid Ali during the Anglo-Iraqi War.

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Flight (military unit)

A flight is a military unit in an air force, naval air service, or army air corps.

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Flying ace

A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.

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Flying Regiment 19, Finnish Air Force

The Flight Regiment 19 (Flygflottilj 19, Lentorykmentti 19 or LentoR 19), also known as the Swedish Voluntary Air Force or F 19 was a Finnish Air Force unit, manned by Swedish volunteers, which operated from Kemi in northern Finland for the last 62 days of the Winter War.

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Fokker C.V

The Fokker C.V was a Dutch light reconnaissance and bomber biplane aircraft manufactured by Fokker.

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Fort Saint Elmo

Fort Saint Elmo (Forti Sant'Iermu) is a star fort in Valletta, Malta.

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Franco Lucchini

Franco Lucchini, MOVM, (24 December 1914 – 5 July 1943) was an Italian World War II fighter pilot in the Aviazione Legionaria and in the Regia Aeronautica.

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Free France

Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.

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French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon

The Mandate for Syria and Lebanon (Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban; الانتداب الفرنسي على سوريا ولبنان) (1923−1946) was a League of Nations mandate founded after the First World War and the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire concerning Syria and Lebanon.

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French war planning 1920–1940

The Dyle Plan or Plan D was the plan of the Commander-in-Chief of the French Army, Général d'armée Maurice Gamelin to defeat a German attempt to invade France through Belgium.

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George Burges

George Burges (1786 – January 11, 1864) was an English classical scholar born in India.

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German battleship Gneisenau

Gneisenau was a German capital ship, alternatively described as a battleship and battlecruiser, of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.

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German battleship Scharnhorst

Scharnhorst was a German capital ship, alternatively described as a battleship and battlecruiser, of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gerry Sayer

Flying Officer Phillip Edward Gerald Sayer (5 February 1905 – 21 October 1942), was the chief test pilot for Gloster Aircraft as well as a serving RAF officer.

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Gloster Aircraft Company

The Gloster Aircraft Company was a British aircraft manufacturer from 1917 to 1963.

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Gloster F.5/34

The Gloster F.5/34 was a British fighter of the 1930s.

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Gloster Gauntlet

The Gloster Gauntlet was a British single-seat biplane fighter of the RAF, designed and built by Gloster Aircraft in the 1930s.

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Gloucestershire

Gloucestershire (formerly abbreviated as Gloucs. in print but now often as Glos.) is a county in South West England.

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Greco-Italian War

The Greco-Italian War (Italo-Greek War, Italian Campaign in Greece; in Greece: War of '40 and Epic of '40) took place between the kingdoms of Italy and Greece from 28 October 1940 to 23 April 1941.

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Greece

No description.

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Grumman F3F

The Grumman F3F was the last American biplane fighter aircraft delivered to the United States Navy (indeed, the last biplane fighter delivered to any American military air arm), and served between the wars.

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Guangzhou

Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Hal Far Fighter Flight

The Hal Far Fighter Flight was a British fighter unit formed during the Siege of Malta in 1940.

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Harstad

is the second-most populated municipality in Troms county, Norway.

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Hawker Aircraft

Hawker Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer responsible for some of the most famous products in British aviation history.

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Hawker Hart

The Hawker Hart was a British two-seater biplane light bomber aircraft of the Royal Air Force (RAF).

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Hawker Hurricane

The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.

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Heinkel He 111

The Heinkel He 111 was a German aircraft designed by Siegfried and Walter Günter at Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in 1934.

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Heinkel He 115

The Heinkel He 115 was a three-seat World War II Luftwaffe seaplane.

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Hellenic Air Force

The Hellenic Air Force (HAF; Πολεμική Αεροπορία, Polemikí Aeroporía, literally "War Aviation", sometimes abbreviated as ΠΑ) is the air force of Greece (with Hellenic being a synonym for Greek).

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Helmut Lent

Helmut Lent (13 June 1918 – 7 October 1944) was a German night-fighter ace in World War II.

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Hendon

Hendon is a London suburb in the Borough of Barnet, northwest of Charing Cross.

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Henry Folland

Henry Philip Folland OBE (22 January 1889 – 5 September 1954) was an English aviation engineer and aircraft designer.

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Hinnøya

Hinnøya is the fourth largest island in Norway – and the largest off the mainland – covering an area of.

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HMS Acasta (H09)

HMS Acasta, the third ship to bear that name, launched in 1929, was an destroyer built for the Royal Navy.

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HMS Ardent (H41)

HMS Ardent was an destroyer of the Royal Navy.

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HMS Glorious

HMS Glorious was the second of the three s built for the Royal Navy during the First World War.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Hornchurch

Hornchurch is a suburban town in the London Borough of Havering, East London, England, east-northeast of Charing Cross.

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Hucclecote

Hucclecote is a village in Gloucestershire, United Kingdom, comprising a ward (population 8,826) in the City of Gloucester, and an adjacent civil parish (population 1,332) in the Borough of Tewkesbury.

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Imperial War Museum Duxford

Imperial War Museum Duxford is a branch of the Imperial War Museum near Duxford in Cambridgeshire, England.

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Iraq

Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

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Iraqi Air Force

The Iraqi Air Force (IQAF or IrAF; Arabic: القوات الجوية العراقية, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Iraqiya) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Iraqi Armed Forces, responsible for the policing of international borders and surveillance of national assets.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Irish Air Corps

The Air Corps (An tAerchór) is the air component of the Defence Forces of Ireland.

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Ismailia

Ismailia (الإسماعيلية) is a city in north-eastern Egypt.

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Italian submarine Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei was an Italian ''Archimede''-class submarine built for the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) during the 1930s.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jet Age Museum

The Jet Age Museum is the trading name of the Gloucestershire Aviation Collection, an all-volunteer, charitable organisation dedicated to the preservation of Gloucestershire's aviation heritage.

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John Lapsley

Air Marshal Sir John Hugh Lapsley, (24 September 1916 – 21 November 1995) was a British fighter pilot of the Second World War and, later, a senior Royal Air Force commander.

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Junkers F.13

The Junkers F.13 (also known as the F 13) was the world's first all-metal transport aircraft, developed in Germany at the end of World War I. It was an advanced cantilever-wing monoplane, with enclosed accommodation for four passengers.

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Junkers Ju 52

The Junkers Ju 52/3m (nicknamed Tante Ju ("Aunt Ju") and Iron Annie) is a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952.

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Junkers Ju 88

The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft.

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Kampfgeschwader 1

Kampfgeschwader 1 (KG 1) (Battle Wing 1) was a German medium bomber wing that operated in the Luftwaffe during World War II.

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Kenley

Kenley is a district in the south of the London Borough of Croydon (historically in Surrey).

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Korçë

Korçë ((Korça), other names see below) is a city and municipality in southeastern Albania, and the seat of Korçë County.

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Kurds

The Kurds (rtl, Kurd) or the Kurdish people (rtl, Gelî kurd), are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).

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Lake Ladoga

Lake Ladoga (p or p; Laatokka;; Ladog, Ladoganjärv) is a freshwater lake located in the Republic of Karelia and Leningrad Oblast in northwestern Russia, in the vicinity of Saint Petersburg.

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Lake Onega

Lake Onega (also known as Onego, p; Ääninen or Äänisjärvi; Oniegu or Oniegu-järve; Änine or Änižjärv) is a lake in the north-west European part of Russia, located on the territory of Republic of Karelia, Leningrad Oblast and Vologda Oblast.

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Lapland (Finland)

Lapland (Lappi; Sápmi; Lappland) is the largest and northernmost region of Finland.

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Latvia

Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.

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Lesjaskogsvatnet

Lesjaskogsvatnet (literally the Lesjaskog lake) is a lake in Lesja, Norway.

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Lewis gun

The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.

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Linköping

Linköping (p) is a city in southern Sweden, with 153,000 inhabitants as of 2016.

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List of Air Ministry specifications

This is a partial list of the British Air Ministry (AM) specifications for aircraft.

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List of aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm

This is a list of aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm (FAA).

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List of aircraft of the Royal Air Force

Many aircraft types have served in the British Royal Air Force since its formation in April 1918 from the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service.

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List of aircraft of World War II

The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries, which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them.

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Lithuania

Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Low Countries

The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.

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Luftwaffe

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.

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M1919 Browning machine gun

The M1919 Browning is a.30 caliber medium machine gun that was widely used during the 20th century, especially during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.

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Macchi C.200

The Macchi C.200 Saetta (Italian: Thunderbolt), or MC.200, was a fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Aeronautica Macchi in Italy.

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Maiden flight

The maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground under its own power.

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Mainland

Mainland is a contiguous landmass that is larger and often politically, economically and/or demographically more significant than politically associated remote territories, such as exclaves or oceanic islands situated outside the continental shelf.

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Malta

Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Manstein Plan

The Manstein Plan is one of the names used to describe the war plan of the German Army during the Battle of France in 1940.

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Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk M.F.11

The Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk M.F.11 (sometimes known as the Høver M.F.11 after its designer) was a three-seat, single-engined biplane used by the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service for maritime reconnaissance in the decade before the Second World War.

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Mario Visintini

Mario Visintini, MOVM, (26 April 1913 – 11 February 1941), was the first Regia Aeronautica ace of World War II.

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Maubeuge

Maubeuge (historical Mabuse or Malbode) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II

The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.

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Messerschmitt Bf 109

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.

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Messerschmitt Bf 110

--> The Messerschmitt Bf 110, often known non-officially as the Me 110, was a twin-engine heavy fighter (Zerstörer—German for "Destroyer") and fighter-bomber (Jagdbomber or Jabo) developed in Nazi Germany in the 1930s and used by the Luftwaffe during World War II.

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Middle East

The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).

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Mitsubishi A5M

The Mitsubishi A5M, formal Japanese Navy designation Mitsubishi Navy Type 96 Carrier-based Fighter (九六式艦上戦闘機), experimental Navy designation Mitsubishi Navy Experimental 9-Shi Carrier Fighter, company designation Mitsubishi Ka-14, was a Japanese carrier-based fighter aircraft.

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Mitsubishi A6M Zero

The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.

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Monoplane

A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.

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Murmansk

Murmansk (p; Мурман ланнҍ; Murmánska; Muurman) is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia.

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Nanjing

Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.

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Narvik

(Norwegian) or Áhkanjárga (Northern Sami) is the third-largest town and municipality in Nordland county, Norway by population.

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National War Museum (Malta)

The National War Museum is a museum located in Fort Saint Elmo in the city of Valletta, Malta.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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No. 112 Squadron RAF

No.

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No. 1435 Flight RAF

No.

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No. 16 Squadron (Finland)

No.

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No. 239 Squadron RAF

No.

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No. 247 Squadron RAF

No.

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No. 263 Squadron RAF

No 263 Squadron was a Royal Air Force fighter squadron formed in Italy towards the end of the First World War.

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No. 46 Squadron RAF

No.

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No. 80 Squadron RAF

No.

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No. 94 Squadron RAF

No.

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Norsk krigsleksikon 1940–1945

Norsk krigsleksikon 1940–1945 is a Norwegian encyclopaedia covering the Second World War.

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North African Campaign

The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.

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Northern Norway

Northern Norway (Nord-Norge, Nord-Noreg; Davvi-Norga) is a geographical region of Norway, consisting of the three northernmost counties Nordland, Troms and Finnmark, in total about 35% of the Norwegian mainland.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Norwegian Army

Norway achieved full independence in 1905, and in the first century of its short life has contributed to three major conflicts, World War II, the Cold War and the War on Terror.

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Norwegian Army Air Service

The Norwegian Army Air Service (NoAAS) (Hærens flyvåpen) was established in 1914.

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Norwegian Aviation Museum

The Norwegian Aviation Museum (Norsk luftfartsmuseum) was opened by King Harald V on May 15, 1994.

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Norwegian Campaign

The Norwegian Campaign (9 April to 10 June 1940) was fought in Norway between Norway, the Allies and Germany in World War II after the latter's invasion of the country.

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Oiva Tuominen

Oiva Emil Kalervo Tuominen (5 March 1908, Iitti – 28 January 1976, Helsinki) was a Finnish fighter ace and a Mannerheim Cross knight of the second class.

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Operation Alphabet

Operation Alphabet was an evacuation, authorised on May 24, 1940, of Allied (British, French and Polish) troops from the harbour of Narvik in northern Norway marking the success of Operation Weserübung the Nazi Germany invasion of April 9 and the end of the Allied campaign in Norway during World War II.

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Operation Weserübung

Operation Weserübung was the code name for Germany's assault on Denmark and Norway during the Second World War and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign.

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Oppland

Oppland is a county in Norway, bordering Trøndelag, Møre og Romsdal, Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Akershus, Oslo and Hedmark.

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Orkney

Orkney (Orkneyjar), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain.

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Oslo

Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.

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Oslo Airport, Fornebu

Oslo Airport, Fornebu (Oslo lufthavn, Fornebu) was the main airport serving Oslo and Eastern Norway from 1 June 1939 to 7 October 1998.

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Paavo Berg

Paavo Johanses "Peltonen" Berg (November 23, 1911 in Lahti – November 1, 1941 in Hanko) was a Finnish fighter ace.

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Pat Pattle

Marmaduke Thomas St John Pattle, (3 July 1914 – 20 April 1941), usually known as Pat Pattle, was a South African-born Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter pilot and flying ace who destroyed at least 40 enemy aircraft during the Second World War.

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Pechengsky District

Pechengsky District (Пе́ченгский райо́н; Petsamo; Peisen; Beahcán; Peäccam) is an administrative district (raion), one of the six in Murmansk Oblast, Russia.

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Phoney War

The Phoney War (Drôle de guerre; Sitzkrieg) was an eight-month period at the start of World War II, during which there was only one limited military land operation on the Western Front, when French troops invaded Germany's Saar district.

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Pierre Le Gloan

Pierre Le Gloan (6 January 1913 – 11 September 1943) was a French flying ace of World War II.

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Polikarpov I-15

The Polikarpov I-15 (И-15) was a Soviet biplane fighter aircraft of the 1930s.

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Polikarpov I-153

The Polikarpov I-153 Chaika (Russian Чайка, "Seagull") was a late 1930s Soviet biplane fighter.

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Polikarpov R-5

The Polikarpov R-5 was a Soviet reconnaissance bomber aircraft of the 1930s.

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Polo

Polo is a team sport played on horseback.

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Portugal

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.

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Raab-Katzenstein RK-26

Raab-Katzenstein RK-26 Tigerschwalbe, also known as the Fieseler F 1 Tigerschwalbe, was a German twin-seat biplane trainer aircraft designed by Gerhard Fieseler by the end of the 1920s.

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Radial engine

The radial engine is a reciprocating type internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders "radiate" outward from a central crankcase like the spokes of a wheel.

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RAF Habbaniya

Royal Air Force Station Habbaniya, more commonly known as RAF Habbaniya, (originally RAF Dhibban) was a Royal Air Force station at Habbaniyah, about west of Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, on the banks of the Euphrates near Lake Habbaniyah.

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RAF Hal Far

The RAF Hal Far airfield was the first permanent airfield to be built on Malta.

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RAF Hinaidi

Royal Air Force Station Hinaidi was a British Royal Air Force station near Baghdad in the Kingdom of Iraq.

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RAF Roborough

RAF Roborough is a former Royal Air Force station in Roborough located north of Plymouth, Devon which used Plymouth City Airport as their base.

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Rashid Ali al-Gaylani

Rashid Ali al-Gaylaniin Arab standard pronunciation Rashid Aali al-Kaylani; also transliterated as Sayyad Rashid Aali al-Gillani, Sayyad Rashid Ali al-Gailani or sometimes Sayyad Rashid Ali el Keilany ("Sayyad" serves to address higher standing male persons) (رشيد عالي الكيلاني) (1892 – August 28, 1965) was an Iraqi politician who served as Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Iraq on three occasions: from March to November 1933, from March 1940 to February 1941 and from April to May 1941.

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Regia Aeronautica

The Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica Italiana) was the name of the air force of the Kingdom of Italy.

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Republic of China Air Force

The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) is the aviation branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.

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Rhodesia

Rhodesia was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.

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RNAS Hatston

RNAS Hatston, also called HMS Sparrowhawk, was a Royal Naval Air Station, one mile to the north west of Kirkwall on the island of Mainland, Orkney, Scotland.

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Roald Dahl

Roald Dahl (13 September 1916 – 23 November 1990) was a British novelist, short story writer, poet, screenwriter, and fighter pilot.

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Rolls-Royce Goshawk

The Rolls-Royce Goshawk was a development of the Rolls-Royce Kestrel that used evaporative or steam cooling.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Royal Air Force Museum

The Royal Air Force Museum is a museum dedicated to the Royal Air Force in the United Kingdom.

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Royal Air Force Museum Cosford

The Royal Air Force Museum Cosford, located in Cosford in Shropshire, is a museum dedicated to the history of aviation and the Royal Air Force in particular.

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Royal Australian Air Force

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).

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Royal Norwegian Air Force

The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) (Luftforsvaret) is the air force of Norway.

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Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service

The Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service (Marinens flyvevesen) was alongside the Norwegian Army Air Service the forerunner to the modern-day Royal Norwegian Air Force.

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Savoia-Marchetti SM.79

The Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero (Italian for sparrowhawk) was a three-engined Italian medium bomber developed and manufactured by aviation company Savoia-Marchetti.

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Savoia-Marchetti SM.81

The Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (Italian: bat) was the first three-engine bomber/transport aircraft serving in the Italian Regia Aeronautica.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Shuttleworth Collection

The Shuttleworth Collection is an aeronautical and automotive museum located at the Old Warden Aerodrome, Old Warden in Bedfordshire, England.

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Siege of Malta (World War II)

The Siege of Malta in the Second World War was a military campaign in the Mediterranean Theatre.

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Singapore in the Straits Settlements

Singapore in the Straits Settlements refers to a period in the history of Singapore from 1826 to 1942, during which Singapore was part of the Straits Settlements together with Penang and Malacca.

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Skånland

Skånland (Skánit) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway.

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South African Air Force

The South African Air Force (SAAF) is the air force of South Africa, with headquarters in Pretoria.

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Souvenir

A souvenir (from French, for a remembrance or memory), memento, keepsake, or token of remembrance is an object a person acquires for the memories the owner associates with it.

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Soviet Air Forces

The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.

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SS Athenia

Several ships have shared the name SS Athenia.

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Strafing

Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.

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Suez Canal

thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.

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Supermarine Spitfire

The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.

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Surrender (military)

Surrender, in military terms, is the relinquishment of control over territory, combatants, fortifications, ships or armament to another power.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Swedish Air Force

The Swedish Air Force (Svenska flygvapnet) is the air force branch of the Swedish Armed Forces.

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Swedish Air Force Museum

The Swedish Air Force Museum (in Swedish, Flygvapenmuseum) is located at Malmen Airbase in Malmslätt, just outside Linköping, Sweden.

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Synchronization gear

A synchronization gear, or a gun synchronizer, sometimes rather less accurately called an interrupter, is attached to the armament of a single-engine tractor-configuration aircraft so it can fire through the arc of its spinning propeller without bullets striking the blades.

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Syria–Lebanon Campaign

The Syria–Lebanon campaign, also known as Operation Exporter, was the British invasion of Vichy French Syria and Lebanon from June–July 1941, during the Second World War.

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Ta' Qali

Ta' Qali is a wide open space in the limits of Attard in central Malta, which contains the national football stadium, Ta' Qali National Park, a crafts village, and a national vegetable market which is locally known as the Pitkalija.

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Tailhook

A tailhook, arresting hook, or arrester hook is a device attached to the empennage (rear) of some military fixed-wing aircraft.

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Tangmere

Tangmere is a village, civil parish, and electoral ward in the Chichester District of West Sussex, England.

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The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More

The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar and Six More is a collection of seven short stories written by Roald Dahl.

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Tobruk

Tobruk or Tubruq (Αντίπυργος) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt.

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Trikala

Trikala (Τρίκαλα) is a city in northwestern Thessaly, Greece, and the capital of the Trikala regional unit.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Valletta

Valletta is the capital city of Malta, colloquially known as "Il-Belt" (lit. "The City") in Maltese.

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Vichy France

Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.

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Vichy French Air Force

The Vichy French Air Force (Armée de l'air de Vichy) was the aerial branch of the armed forces of Vichy France - the government of France that collaborated with the Axis powers following the defeat of France by Germany in 1940.

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Vickers machine gun

The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.

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Vickers Wellington

The Vickers Wellington was a British twin-engined, long-range medium bomber.

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Vitry-en-Artois

Vitry-en-Artois is a commune and in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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William Vale

William "Cherry" Vale, (3 June 1914 – 29 November 1981) was a Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter pilot and flying ace of the Second World War.

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Winter War

The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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.30-06 Springfield

The.30-06 Springfield cartridge (pronounced "thirty-aught-six" or "thirty-oh-six"), 7.62×63mm in metric notation and called ".30 Gov't '06" by Winchester, was introduced to the United States Army in 1906 and later standardized; it remained in use until the early 1980s.

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.303 British

The.303 British (designated as the 303 British by the C.I.P. and SAAMI) or 7.7×56mmR, is a calibre (with the bore diameter measured between the lands as is common practice in Europe) rimmed rifle cartridge first developed in Britain as a black-powder round put into service in December 1888 for the Lee–Metford rifle.

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802 Naval Air Squadron

802 Naval Air Squadron (802 NAS) was a Naval Air Squadron of the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm.

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804 Naval Air Squadron

804 Naval Air Squadron (804 NAS) was a Naval Air Squadron of the Royal Navy, formed in November 1939 from part of 769 NAS Sea Gladiators which had been detached to RNAS Hatston.

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Redirects here:

Gloster Galdiator, Gloster Gladiator I, Gloster Gladiator II, Gloster Gladiator Mk.I, Gloster Gladiator/Sea Gladiator, Gloster Gladiators, Gloster J8A, Gloster SS.37 Gladiator, Gloster Sea Gladiator, Gloucester Gladiator, J8A, Sea Gladiator.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gloster_Gladiator

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