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Glottalization is the complete or partial closure of the glottis during the articulation of another sound. [1]

37 relations: Airstream mechanism, Cockney, Comparative method, Consonant, Cook Islands Māori, Creaky voice, Dutch Low Saxon, Ejective consonant, English language, Estuary English, Free variation, Glottal stop, Glottalic consonant, Glottis, Guttural, Hawaiian language, Implosive consonant, Indonesian language, International Phonetic Alphabet, Māori language, Modal voice, Obstruent, Proto-Polynesian language, Rapa Nui language, Received Pronunciation, Samoan language, Siona language, Sonorant, Stød, Stiff voice, T-glottalization, Tongan language, Tweants dialect, Vietnamese phonology, Vowel, Yanesha' language, Yapese language.

Airstream mechanism

In phonetics, the airstream mechanism is the method by which airflow is created in the vocal tract.

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The term cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.

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Comparative method

In linguistics, the comparative method is a technique for studying the development of languages by performing a feature-by-feature comparison of two or more languages with common descent from a shared ancestor, in order to extrapolate back to infer the properties of that ancestor.

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In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.

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Cook Islands Māori

Cook Islands Māori is an Eastern Polynesian language.

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Creaky voice

In linguistics, creaky voice (sometimes called laryngealisation, pulse phonation, vocal fry, or glottal fry) is a special kind of phonation in which the arytenoid cartilages in the larynx are drawn together; as a result, the vocal folds are compressed rather tightly, becoming relatively slack and compact.

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Dutch Low Saxon

Dutch Low Saxon (Nederlands Nedersaksisch; Dutch Low Saxon: Nederlaands Leegsaksies) are the Low Saxon dialects that are spoken in the northeastern Netherlands and are written there with local, unstandardised orthographies based on Standard Dutch orthography.

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Ejective consonant

In phonetics, ejective consonants are usually voiceless consonants that are pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Estuary English

Estuary English is an English dialect or accent associated with South East England, especially the area along the River Thames and its estuary, centering around London.

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Free variation

Free variation in linguistics is the phenomenon of two (or more) sounds or forms appearing in the same environment without a change in meaning and without being considered incorrect by native speakers.

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Glottal stop

The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.

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Glottalic consonant

A glottalic consonant is a consonant produced with some important contribution (a movement, a closure) of the glottis (the opening that leads from the nose and mouth cavities into the larynx and the lungs).

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The glottis is defined as the opening between the vocal folds (the rima glottidis).

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Guttural speech sounds are those with a primary place of articulation near the back of the oral cavity.

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Hawaiian language

The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawaii) is a Polynesian language that takes its name from Hawaiokinai, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed.

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Implosive consonant

Implosive consonants are a group of stop consonants (and possibly also some affricates) with a mixed glottalic ingressive and pulmonic egressive airstream mechanism.

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Indonesian language

Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.

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International Phonetic Alphabet

The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.

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Māori language

Māori, also known as te reo ("the language"), is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people, the indigenous population of New Zealand.

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Modal voice

Modal voice is the vocal register used most frequently in speech and singing in most languages.

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An obstruent is a speech sound such as,, or that is formed by obstructing airflow.

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Proto-Polynesian language

Proto-Polynesian (abbreviated PPn) is the hypothetical proto-language from which all the modern Polynesian languages descend.

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Rapa Nui language

Rapa Nui or Rapanui also known as Pascuan, or Pascuense, is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken on the island of Rapa Nui, also known as Easter Island.

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Received Pronunciation

Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.

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Samoan language

Samoan (Gagana faʻa Sāmoa or Gagana Sāmoa – IPA) is the language of the Samoan Islands, comprising the Independent State of Samoa and the United States territory of American Samoa.

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Siona language

The Siona language (otherwise known as Sioni, Pioje, Pioche-Sioni, Ganteyabain, Ganteya, Ceona, Zeona, Koka, Kanú) is a Tucanoan language of Colombia and Ecuador.

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In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.

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Stød (also occasionally spelled stod) is a suprasegmental unit of Danish phonology (represented in IPA as or as), which in its most common form is a kind of creaky voice (laryngealization), but it may also be realized as a glottal stop, especially in emphatic pronunciation.

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Stiff voice

The term stiff voice describes the pronunciation of consonants or vowels with a glottal opening narrower, and the vocal folds stiffer, than occurs in modal voice.

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In English phonology, t-glottalization or t-glottaling is a sound change in certain English dialects and accents that causes the phoneme to be pronounced as the glottal stop in certain positions.

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Tongan language

Tongan (lea fakatonga) is an Austronesian language of the Polynesian branch spoken in Tonga.

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Tweants dialect

Tweants (Dutch: Twents) is a Dutch Low Saxon group of dialects, descending from Old Saxon.

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Vietnamese phonology

This article is a technical description of the sound system of the Vietnamese language, including phonetics and phonology.

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A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.

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Yanesha' language

Yanesha' (Yaneshac̈h/Yanešač̣; literally 'we the people'), also called Amuesha or Amoesha is a language spoken by the Amuesha people of Peru in central and eastern Pasco Region.

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Yapese language

Yapese is a language spoken by the people on the island of Yap (Federated States of Micronesia).

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Glottal reinforcement, Glottal replacement, Glottaling, Glottalisation, Glottalise, Glottalised, Glottalize, Glottalized, Glottalling, Pre-glottaling, Pre-glottalization, Pre-glottalling, Preglottalization, Preglottalized, Preglottalized consonant.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glottalization

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