93 relations: Aesculin, Aesculus californica, Aesculus hippocastanum, Alcohol, Alkyl, Alpha-amylase, Amygdalin, Anthracene, Antiseptic, Arbutin, Barium sulfate, Bearberry, Benzaldehyde, Benzene, Benzoyl-beta-D-glucoside, Beta-glucosidase, Black pepper, Cambium, Choline, Chrysin, Coniferin, Coniferyl alcohol, Convolvulus scammonia, Cotinus coggygria, Daphne alpina, Diuretic, Dye, Emodin, Enzyme, Ester, Ether, Ethylene, Fermentation, Fisetin, Flavones, Flavonoid, Fraxetin, Fraxin, Fruit, Genus, Glucose, Glycoside, Helicin, Hesperetin, Horseradish, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrolysis, Hydroquinone, Indican, ..., Indigo, Indoxyl, Isomer, Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, Maltase, Methanol, Molecule, Mustard seed, Naringin, Ouabain, Pentose, Phenols, Phloroglucinol, Pinophyta, Polyphenol, Populin, Potassium, Potassium bisulfate, Quercitrin, Quercus velutina, Redox, Rhamnetin, Rhamnose, Rhamnus (genus), Salicin, Salt, Saponaria officinalis, Saponarin, Saponin, Scammonin I, Sinalbin, Sinapine, Sinapinic acid, Sinigrin, Strophanthin, Strophanthus gratus, Styrene, Sucrose, Syringa vulgaris, Syringin, Tuberculosis, Vanillin, Willow. Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
Aesculin, also rendered Æsculin or Esculin, is a coumarin glucoside that naturally occurs in the horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), California buckeye (Aesculus californica), prickly box (Bursaria spinosa) and in daphnin (the dark green resin of Daphne mezereum).
Aesculus californica, commonly known as the California buckeye or California horse-chestnut, is a species of buckeye native to California and southwestern Oregon.
Aesculus hippocastanum is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.
α-Amylase is a protein enzyme that hydrolyses alpha bonds of large, alpha-linked polysaccharides, such as starch and glycogen, yielding glucose and maltose.
Amygdalin (from Ancient Greek: ἀμυγδαλή amygdálē "almond") is a naturally occurring chemical compound, famous for falsely being promoted as a cancer cure.
Anthracene is a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) of formula C14H10, consisting of three fused benzene rings.
Antiseptics (from Greek ἀντί anti, "against" and σηπτικός sēptikos, "putrefactive") are antimicrobial substances that are applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction.
Arbutin is a glycoside; a glycosylated hydroquinone extracted from the bearberry plant in the genus Arctostaphylos among many other medicinal plants, primarily in the Ericaceae family.
Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula BaSO4.
Bearberries are three species of dwarf shrubs in the genus Arctostaphylos.
Benzaldehyde (C6H5CHO) is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring with a formyl substituent.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Benzoyl-beta-D-glucoside is a benzoyl glucoside, a natural substance that can be found in Pteris ensiformis.
Beta-glucosidase catalyzes the hydrolysis of the glycosidic bonds to terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides and oligosaccharides, with release of glucose.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.
A cambium (plural cambia or cambiums), in botany, is a tissue layer that provides partially undifferentiated cells for plant growth.
Choline is a water-soluble vitamin-like essential nutrient.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Chrysin, also called 5,7-dihydroxyflavone, is a flavone found in honey, propolis, honeycomb, the passion flowers, Passiflora caerulea and Passiflora incarnata, and in Oroxylum indicum.
Coniferin is a glucoside of coniferyl alcohol.
Coniferyl alcohol is an organic compound.
Convolvulus scammonia, known commonly as scammony, is a bindweed native to the countries of the eastern part of the Mediterranean basin; it grows in bushy waste places, from Syria in the south to the Crimea in the north, its range extending westward to the Greek islands, but not to northern Africa or Italy.
Cotinus coggygria, syn. Rhus cotinus, the European smoketree, Eurasian smoketree, smoke tree, smoke bush, or dyer's sumach is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to a large area from southern Europe, east across central Asia and the Himalayas to northern China.
Daphne alpina is a shrub, of the family Thymelaeaceae.
A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, the increased production of urine.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
Emodin (6-methyl-1,3,8-trihydroxyanthraquinone) is a chemical compound that can be isolated from rhubarb, buckthorn, and Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica syn. Polygonum cuspidatum).
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.
Fermentation is a metabolic process that consumes sugar in the absence of oxygen.
Fisetin (7,3′,4′-flavon-3-ol), is a plant polyphenol from the flavonoid group.
Flavonoids (or bioflavonoids) (from the Latin word flavus meaning yellow, their color in nature) are a class of plant and fungus secondary metabolites.
Fraxetin is an O-methylated coumarin.
Fraxin is a glucoside of fraxetin.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
In chemistry, a glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond.
Helicin is the O-glucoside of salicylaldehyde.
Hesperetin is the 4'-methoxy derivative of eriodictyol, a flavanone.
Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana, syn. Cochlearia armoracia) is a perennial plant of the family Brassicaceae (which also includes mustard, wasabi, broccoli, and cabbage).
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), sometimes called prussic acid, is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HCN.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
Hydroquinone, also benzene-1,4-diol or quinol, is an aromatic organic compound that is a type of phenol, a derivative of benzene, having the chemical formula C6H4(OH)2.
Indican is a colourless organic compound, soluble in water, naturally occurring in Indigofera plants.
Indigo is a deep and rich color close to the color wheel blue (a primary color in the RGB color space), as well as to some variants of ultramarine.
In chemistry, indoxyl is a nitrogenous substance with the chemical formula: C8H7NO.
An isomer (from Greek ἰσομερής, isomerès; isos.
The Journal of the American Pharmacists Association is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering pharmacy-related topics.
Maltase (alpha-glucosidase, glucoinvertase, glucosidosucrase, maltase-glucoamylase, alpha-glucopyranosidase, glucosidoinvertase, alpha-D-glucosidase, alpha-glucoside hydrolase, alpha-1,4-glucosidase, alpha-D-glucoside glucohydrolase) is an enzyme located in on the brush border of the small intestine that breaks down the disaccharide maltose.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Mustard seeds are the small round seeds of various mustard plants.
Naringin is a flavanone-7-O-glycoside between the flavanone naringenin and the disaccharide neohesperidose.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Ouabain or (from Somali waabaayo, "arrow poison" through French ouabaïo) also known as g-strophanthin, is a plant derived toxic substance that was traditionally used as an arrow poison in eastern Africa for both hunting and warfare.
A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms.
In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (—OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group.
Phloroglucinol is an organic compound that is used in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and explosives.
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
Polyphenols (also known as polyhydroxyphenols) are a structural class of mainly natural, but also synthetic or semisynthetic, organic chemicals characterized by the presence of large multiples of phenol structural units.
Populin is a glucoside occurring in the bark, buds and leaves of certain species of poplar.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Potassium bisulfate, or in most varieties of English other than US English, Potassium bisulphate, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula KHSO4 and is the potassium acid salt of sulfuric acid.
Quercitrin is a glycoside formed from the flavonoid quercetin and the deoxy sugar rhamnose.
Quercus velutina, the eastern black oak or more commonly known as simply black oak, is a species in the red oak (Quercus sect. Lobatae) group of oaks.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
Rhamnetin is an O-methylated flavonol, a type of chemical compound.
Rhamnose (Rha, Rham) is a naturally occurring deoxy sugar.
Rhamnus is a genus of about 110 accepted species of shrubs or small trees, commonly known as buckthorns in the family Rhamnaceae.
Salicin is an alcoholic β-glucoside.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
Saponaria officinalis is a common perennial plant from the carnation family (Caryophyllaceae).
Saponarin is a flavone glucoside.
Saponins are a class of chemical compounds found in particular abundance in various plant species.
Scammonin (also known as jalapin or scammonium) is a glycoside derived naturally from the stems of the Ipomoea purga (jalap plant) and from Convolvulus scammonia (scammony).
Sinalbin is a glucosinolate found in the seeds of white mustard, Sinapis alba, and in many wild plant species.
Sinapine is an alkaloidal amine found in some seeds, particularly oil seeds of plants in the family Brassicaceae. It is the choline ester of sinapic acid. Sinapine was discovered by Etienne Ossian Henry in 1825.
Sinapinic acid, or sinapic acid (Sinapine - Origin: L. Sinapi, sinapis, mustard, Gr., cf. F. Sinapine.), is a small naturally occurring hydroxycinnamic acid.
Sinigrin is a glucosinolate that belongs to the family of glucosides found in some plants of the Brassicaceae family such as Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra).
Strophanthins are cardiac glycosides in plants of the genus Strophanthus.
Strophanthus gratus is a woody liana that can grow up to, with a trunk diameter of up to.
Styrene, also known as ethenylbenzene, vinylbenzene, and phenylethene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH.
Sucrose is common table sugar.
Syringa vulgaris (lilac or common lilac) is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the Balkan Peninsula, where it grows on rocky hills.
Syringin is a natural chemical compound first isolated from the bark of lilac (Syringa vulgaris) by Meillet in 1841.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Vanillin is a phenolic aldehyde, which is an organic compound with the molecular formula C8H8O3.
Willows, also called sallows, and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 speciesMabberley, D.J. 1997.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.