Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Glutamic acid

Index Glutamic acid

Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula. [1]

152 relations: Acetate, Acid, Acid–base homeostasis, Action potential, Adenosine monophosphate, Adrenal cortex, Adrenal gland, Agonist, Ajinomoto, Alanine, Aldehyde dehydrogenase, Aldosterone, Aldosterone synthase, Alkali, Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, American Society for Nutrition, Amine, Amino acid, Ammonia, Ammonium, AMPA receptor, Aspartic acid, Auxigro, Bacteria, Biosynthesis, Blood–brain barrier, Bonnet macaque, Carbon, Carboxylic acid, Cell wall, Cerebellum, Cheese, Chirality, Chirality (chemistry), Citric acid cycle, Conjugate acid, Cortisol, Corynebacterium glutamicum, Crystallization, Deamination, Dextromethorphan, Disodium glutamate, Disodium inosinate, Dissociative, Drosophila, Eglumegad, Electric charge, Enzyme, Extracellular, Fight-or-flight response, ..., Flavor, Folate, Food additive, Formimidoyltransferase cyclodeaminase, Formiminoglutamic acid, Gamma-Aminobutyric acid, Genetic code, Glioblastoma, Glioma, GLS2, Gluconeogenesis, GLUD2, Glutamate (neurotransmitter), Glutamate carboxypeptidase II, Glutamate decarboxylase, Glutamate dehydrogenase, Glutamate dehydrogenase 1, Glutamate flavoring, Glutamate racemase, Glutamate receptor, Glutaminase, Glutamine, Gluten, Glycolysis, Growth cone, Guanosine monophosphate, Hallucinogen, Hippocampus, Hydrochloride, Inosinic acid, Ion, Japan Patent Office, Journal of Nutrition, Kainic acid, Karl Heinrich Ritthausen, Ketamine, Keto acid, Kikunae Ikeda, Kombu, Learning, Liver, Long-term potentiation, Mammal, Mark Mattson, Memory, Metabolism, Metabotropic glutamate receptor, Metabotropic glutamate receptor 2, Metabotropic glutamate receptor 3, Metabotropic receptor, Monopotassium glutamate, Monosodium glutamate, N-Acetylaspartylglutamic acid, N-Acetylglutamic acid, Neocortex, Nervous system, Neuroglia, Neuromodulation, Neuron, Neurotransmitter, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, Nitrogen, NMDA receptor, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Nucleus accumbens, Oxaloacetic acid, Pancreas, PH, Phencyclidine, Point-to-point (telecommunications), Product (chemistry), Protein, Proton, Pyruvic acid, Radical (chemistry), Reagent, Receptor antagonist, Residual dipolar coupling, Salt (chemistry), Soy sauce, Steroid, Steroid 11β-hydroxylase, Stiff-person syndrome, Sulfuric acid, Synapse, Synaptic plasticity, Synaptic vesicle, Synaptogenesis, Taste, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, The Guardian, Tien Chu Ve-Tsin, Transaminase, Transamination, Umami, University of Tokyo, Urea, Water, Yohimbine, Zwitterion, 1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid. Expand index (102 more) »


An acetate is a salt formed by the combination of acetic acid with an alkaline, earthy, metallic or nonmetallic and other base.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Acetate · See more »


An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).

New!!: Glutamic acid and Acid · See more »

Acid–base homeostasis

Acid–base homeostasis is the homeostatic regulation of the pH of the body's extracellular fluid (ECF).

New!!: Glutamic acid and Acid–base homeostasis · See more »

Action potential

In physiology, an action potential occurs when the membrane potential of a specific axon location rapidly rises and falls: this depolarisation then causes adjacent locations to similarly depolarise.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Action potential · See more »

Adenosine monophosphate

Adenosine monophosphate (AMP), also known as 5'-adenylic acid, is a nucleotide.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Adenosine monophosphate · See more »

Adrenal cortex

Situated along the perimeter of the adrenal gland, the adrenal cortex mediates the stress response through the production of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids, such as aldosterone and cortisol, respectively.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Adrenal cortex · See more »

Adrenal gland

The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Adrenal gland · See more »


An agonist is a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Agonist · See more »


is a Japanese food and chemical corporation which produces seasonings, cooking oils, TV dinners, sweeteners, amino acids, and pharmaceuticals.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Ajinomoto · See more »


Alanine (symbol Ala or A) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Alanine · See more »

Aldehyde dehydrogenase

Aldehyde dehydrogenases are a group of enzymes that catalyse the oxidation of aldehydes.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Aldehyde dehydrogenase · See more »


Aldosterone, the main mineralocorticoid hormone, is a steroid hormone produced by the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex in the adrenal gland.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Aldosterone · See more »

Aldosterone synthase

Aldosterone synthase is a steroid hydroxylase cytochrome P450 enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of the mineralocorticoid aldosterone.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Aldosterone synthase · See more »


In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Alkali · See more »

Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid

α-Ketoglutaric acid (2-oxoglutaric acid) is one of two ketone derivatives of glutaric acid.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid · See more »

American Society for Nutrition

The American Society for Nutrition (ASN) is an American society for professional researchers and practitioners in the field of nutrition.

New!!: Glutamic acid and American Society for Nutrition · See more »


In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Amine · See more »

Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Amino acid · See more »


Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Ammonia · See more »


The ammonium cation is a positively charged polyatomic ion with the chemical formula.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Ammonium · See more »

AMPA receptor

The α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (also known as AMPA receptor, AMPAR, or quisqualate receptor) is an ionotropic transmembrane receptor for glutamate that mediates fast synaptic transmission in the central nervous system (CNS).

New!!: Glutamic acid and AMPA receptor · See more »

Aspartic acid

Aspartic acid (symbol Asp or D; salts known as aspartates), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Aspartic acid · See more »


Auxigro is a controversial chemical-based growth-enhancer that is approved in the United States by the United States Environmental Protection Agency for spray on fruits, vegetables, and grains.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Auxigro · See more »


Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Bacteria · See more »


Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Biosynthesis · See more »

Blood–brain barrier

The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective semipermeable membrane barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS).

New!!: Glutamic acid and Blood–brain barrier · See more »

Bonnet macaque

The bonnet macaque also known as zatiChambers English Dictionary (Macaca radiata) is a macaque endemic to southern India.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Bonnet macaque · See more »


Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Carbon · See more »

Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Carboxylic acid · See more »

Cell wall

A cell wall is a structural layer surrounding some types of cells, just outside the cell membrane.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Cell wall · See more »


The cerebellum (Latin for "little brain") is a major feature of the hindbrain of all vertebrates.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Cerebellum · See more »


Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Cheese · See more »


Chirality is a property of asymmetry important in several branches of science.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Chirality · See more »

Chirality (chemistry)

Chirality is a geometric property of some molecules and ions.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Chirality (chemistry) · See more »

Citric acid cycle

The citric acid cycle (CAC) – also known as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle or the Krebs cycle – is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into carbon dioxide and chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

New!!: Glutamic acid and Citric acid cycle · See more »

Conjugate acid

A conjugate acid, within the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, is a species formed by the reception of a proton (H+) by a base—in other words, it is a base with a hydrogen ion added to it.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Conjugate acid · See more »


Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Cortisol · See more »

Corynebacterium glutamicum

Corynebacterium glutamicum (previously known as Micrococcus glutamicus) is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that is used industrially for large-scale production of amino acids.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Corynebacterium glutamicum · See more »


Crystallization is the (natural or artificial) process by which a solid forms, where the atoms or molecules are highly organized into a structure known as a crystal.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Crystallization · See more »


Deamination is the removal of an amine group from a protein molecule.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Deamination · See more »


Dextromethorphan (DXM or DM) is a drug of the morphinan class with sedative, dissociative, and stimulant properties (at higher doses).

New!!: Glutamic acid and Dextromethorphan · See more »

Disodium glutamate

Disodium glutamate, abbreviated DSG, (Na2C5H7NO4) is a sodium salt of glutamic acid.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Disodium glutamate · See more »

Disodium inosinate

Disodium inosinate (E631) is the disodium salt of inosinic acid with the chemical formula C10H11N4Na2O8P.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Disodium inosinate · See more »


Dissociatives are a class of hallucinogen, which distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment – dissociation – from the environment and self.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Dissociative · See more »


Drosophila is a genus of flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called "small fruit flies" or (less frequently) pomace flies, vinegar flies, or wine flies, a reference to the characteristic of many species to linger around overripe or rotting fruit.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Drosophila · See more »


Eglumegad (LY354740) is a research drug developed by Eli Lilly and Company, which is being investigated for its potential in the treatment of anxiety and drug addiction.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Eglumegad · See more »

Electric charge

Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Electric charge · See more »


Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Enzyme · See more »


In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word extracellular (or sometimes extracellular space) means "outside the cell".

New!!: Glutamic acid and Extracellular · See more »

Fight-or-flight response

The fight-or-flight response (also called hyperarousal, or the acute stress response) is a physiological reaction that occurs in response to a perceived harmful event, attack, or threat to survival.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Fight-or-flight response · See more »


Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Flavor · See more »


Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Folate · See more »

Food additive

Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Food additive · See more »

Formimidoyltransferase cyclodeaminase

Formimidoyltransferase cyclodeaminase or formiminotransferase cyclodeaminase (symbol FTCD in humans) is an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of formiminoglutamate and tetrahydrofolate into formiminotetrahydrofolate and glutamate.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Formimidoyltransferase cyclodeaminase · See more »

Formiminoglutamic acid

Formiminoglutamic acid (FIGLU) is an intermediate in the metabolism of histidine.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Formiminoglutamic acid · See more »

Gamma-Aminobutyric acid

gamma-Aminobutyric acid, or γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Gamma-Aminobutyric acid · See more »

Genetic code

The genetic code is the set of rules used by living cells to translate information encoded within genetic material (DNA or mRNA sequences) into proteins.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Genetic code · See more »


Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is the most aggressive cancer that begins within the brain.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glioblastoma · See more »


A glioma is a type of tumor that starts in the glial cells of the brain or the spine.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glioma · See more »


Glutaminase 2 (liver, mitochondrial) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GLS2 gene.

New!!: Glutamic acid and GLS2 · See more »


Gluconeogenesis (GNG) is a metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from certain non-carbohydrate carbon substrates.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Gluconeogenesis · See more »


Glutamate dehydrogenase 2, mitochondrial, also known as GDH 2, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the GLUD2 gene.

New!!: Glutamic acid and GLUD2 · See more »

Glutamate (neurotransmitter)

In neuroscience, glutamate refers to the anion of glutamic acid in its role as a neurotransmitter: a chemical that nerve cells use to send signals to other cells.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutamate (neurotransmitter) · See more »

Glutamate carboxypeptidase II

Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII), also known as N-acetyl-L-aspartyl-L-glutamate peptidase I (NAALADase I), NAAG peptidase, or prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the FOLH1 (folate hydrolase 1) gene.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutamate carboxypeptidase II · See more »

Glutamate decarboxylase

Glutamate decarboxylase or glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) is an enzyme that catalyzes the decarboxylation of glutamate to GABA and CO2.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutamate decarboxylase · See more »

Glutamate dehydrogenase

Glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH, GDH) is an enzyme, present in most microbes and the mitochondria of eukaryotes, as are some of the other enzymes required for urea synthesis, that converts glutamate to α-ketoglutarate, and vice versa.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutamate dehydrogenase · See more »

Glutamate dehydrogenase 1

GLUD1 (glutamate dehydrogenase 1) is a mitochondrial matrix enzyme, one of the family of glutamate dehydrogenases that are ubiquitous in life, with a key role in nitrogen and glutamate (Glu) metabolism and energy homeostasis.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutamate dehydrogenase 1 · See more »

Glutamate flavoring

Glutamate flavoring is a generic name for flavor-enhancing compounds based on glutamic acid and its salts (glutamates).

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutamate flavoring · See more »

Glutamate racemase

In enzymology, glutamate racemase (MurI with a capital i) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Hence, this enzyme RacE has one substrate, L-glutamate, and one product, D-glutamate.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutamate racemase · See more »

Glutamate receptor

Glutamate receptors are synaptic and non synaptic receptors located primarily on the membranes of neuronal and glial cells.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutamate receptor · See more »


Glutaminase (glutaminase I, L-glutaminase, glutamine aminohydrolase) is an amidohydrolase enzyme that generates glutamate from glutamine.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutaminase · See more »


Glutamine (symbol Gln or Q) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glutamine · See more »


Gluten (from Latin gluten, "glue") is a composite of storage proteins termed prolamins and glutelins and stored together with starch in the endosperm (which nourishes the embryonic plant during germination) of various cereal (grass) grains.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Gluten · See more »


Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Glycolysis · See more »

Growth cone

A growth cone is a big actin-supported extension of a developing or regenerating neurite seeking its synaptic target.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Growth cone · See more »

Guanosine monophosphate

Guanosine monophosphate (GMP), also known as 5'-guanidylic acid or guanylic acid (conjugate base guanylate), is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in RNA.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Guanosine monophosphate · See more »


A hallucinogen is a psychoactive agent which can cause hallucinations, perceptual anomalies, and other substantial subjective changes in thoughts, emotion, and consciousness.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Hallucinogen · See more »


The hippocampus (named after its resemblance to the seahorse, from the Greek ἱππόκαμπος, "seahorse" from ἵππος hippos, "horse" and κάμπος kampos, "sea monster") is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Hippocampus · See more »


In chemistry, a hydrochloride is an acid salt resulting, or regarded as resulting, from the reaction of hydrochloric acid with an organic base (e.g. an amine).

New!!: Glutamic acid and Hydrochloride · See more »

Inosinic acid

Inosinic acid or inosine monophosphate (IMP) is a nucleoside monophosphate.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Inosinic acid · See more »


An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

New!!: Glutamic acid and Ion · See more »

Japan Patent Office

The is a Japanese governmental agency in charge of industrial property right affairs, under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Japan Patent Office · See more »

Journal of Nutrition

The Journal of Nutrition is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Society for Nutrition.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Journal of Nutrition · See more »

Kainic acid

Kainic acid, or kainate, is an acid that naturally occurs in some seaweed.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Kainic acid · See more »

Karl Heinrich Ritthausen

Karl Heinrich Ritthausen (13 January 1826 – 16 October 1912) was a German biochemist who identified two amino acids and made other contributions to the science of plant proteins.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Karl Heinrich Ritthausen · See more »


Ketamine, sold under the brand name Ketalar among others, is a medication mainly used for starting and maintaining anesthesia.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Ketamine · See more »

Keto acid

Keto acids or ketoacids (also called oxo acids or oxoacids) are organic compounds that contain a carboxylic acid group and a ketone group.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Keto acid · See more »

Kikunae Ikeda

was a Japanese chemist and Tokyo Imperial University professor of Chemistry who, in 1908, uncovered the chemical basis of a taste he named umami.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Kikunae Ikeda · See more »


Kombu (from konbu) is edible kelp from mostly the family Laminariaceae and is widely eaten in East Asia.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Kombu · See more »


Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Learning · See more »


The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Liver · See more »

Long-term potentiation

In neuroscience, long-term potentiation (LTP) is a persistent strengthening of synapses based on recent patterns of activity.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Long-term potentiation · See more »


Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Mammal · See more »

Mark Mattson

Mark P. Mattson is Chief of the Laboratory of Neurosciences at the National Institute on Aging Intramural Research Program National Institute on Aging.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Mark Mattson · See more »


Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Memory · See more »


Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Metabolism · See more »

Metabotropic glutamate receptor

The metabotropic glutamate receptors, or mGluRs, are a type of glutamate receptor that are active through an indirect metabotropic process.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Metabotropic glutamate receptor · See more »

Metabotropic glutamate receptor 2

Metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 (mGluR2) is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the GRM2 gene.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 · See more »

Metabotropic glutamate receptor 3

Metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRM3 gene.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 · See more »

Metabotropic receptor

A metabotropic receptor is a type of membrane receptor of eukaryotic cells that acts through a second messenger.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Metabotropic receptor · See more »

Monopotassium glutamate

Monopotassium glutamate (MPG) is a compound with formula KC5H8NO4.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Monopotassium glutamate · See more »

Monosodium glutamate

Monosodium glutamate (MSG, also known as sodium glutamate) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Monosodium glutamate · See more »

N-Acetylaspartylglutamic acid

N-Acetylaspartylglutamic acid (N-acetylaspartylglutamate or NAAG) is a peptide neurotransmitter and the third-most-prevalent neurotransmitter in the mammalian nervous system.

New!!: Glutamic acid and N-Acetylaspartylglutamic acid · See more »

N-Acetylglutamic acid

N-Acetylglutamic acid (also referred to as N-Acetylglutamate, abbreviated NAG, chemical formula C7H11NO5) is biosynthesized from glutamate and acetylornithine by ornithine acetyltransferase, and from glutamic acid and acetyl-CoA by the enzyme ''N''-acetylglutamate synthase.

New!!: Glutamic acid and N-Acetylglutamic acid · See more »


The neocortex, also called the neopallium and isocortex, is the part of the mammalian brain involved in higher-order brain functions such as sensory perception, cognition, generation of motor commands, spatial reasoning and language.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Neocortex · See more »

Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Nervous system · See more »


Neuroglia, also called glial cells or simply glia, are non-neuronal cells in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Neuroglia · See more »


Neuromodulation is the physiological process by which a given neuron uses one or more chemicals to regulate diverse populations of neurons.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Neuromodulation · See more »


A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Neuron · See more »


Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Neurotransmitter · See more »

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide · See more »

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, abbreviated NADP or, in older notation, TPN (triphosphopyridine nucleotide), is a cofactor used in anabolic reactions, such as lipid and nucleic acid synthesis, which require NADPH as a reducing agent.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate · See more »


Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Nitrogen · See more »

NMDA receptor

The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (also known as the NMDA receptor or NMDAR), is a glutamate receptor and ion channel protein found in nerve cells.

New!!: Glutamic acid and NMDA receptor · See more »

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, most commonly known as NMR spectroscopy or magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), is a spectroscopic technique to observe local magnetic fields around atomic nuclei.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy · See more »

Nucleus accumbens

The nucleus accumbens (NAc or NAcc), also known as the accumbens nucleus, or formerly as the nucleus accumbens septi (Latin for nucleus adjacent to the septum) is a region in the basal forebrain rostral to the preoptic area of the hypothalamus.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Nucleus accumbens · See more »

Oxaloacetic acid

Oxaloacetic acid (also known as oxalacetic acid) is a crystalline organic compound with the chemical formula HO2CC(O)CH2CO2H.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Oxaloacetic acid · See more »


The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Pancreas · See more »


In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.

New!!: Glutamic acid and PH · See more »


Phencyclidine (PCP), also known as angel dust among other names, is a drug used for its mind altering effects.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Phencyclidine · See more »

Point-to-point (telecommunications)

In telecommunications, a point-to-point connection refers to a communications connection between two Communication endpoints or nodes.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Point-to-point (telecommunications) · See more »

Product (chemistry)

Products are the species formed from chemical reactions.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Product (chemistry) · See more »


Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Protein · See more »


| magnetic_moment.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Proton · See more »

Pyruvic acid

Pyruvic acid (CH3COCOOH) is the simplest of the alpha-keto acids, with a carboxylic acid and a ketone functional group.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Pyruvic acid · See more »

Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Radical (chemistry) · See more »


A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Reagent · See more »

Receptor antagonist

A receptor antagonist is a type of receptor ligand or drug that blocks or dampens a biological response by binding to and blocking a receptor rather than activating it like an agonist.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Receptor antagonist · See more »

Residual dipolar coupling

The residual dipolar coupling between two spins in a molecule occurs if the molecules in solution exhibit a partial alignment leading to an incomplete averaging of spatially anisotropic dipolar couplings.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Residual dipolar coupling · See more »

Salt (chemistry)

In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Salt (chemistry) · See more »

Soy sauce

Soy sauce (also called soya sauce in British English) is a liquid condiment of Chinese origin, made from a fermented paste of soybeans, roasted grain, brine, and Aspergillus oryzae or Aspergillus sojae molds.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Soy sauce · See more »


A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Steroid · See more »

Steroid 11β-hydroxylase

Steroid 11β-hydroxylase is a steroid hydroxylase found in the zona glomerulosa and zona fasciculata.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Steroid 11β-hydroxylase · See more »

Stiff-person syndrome

Stiff-person syndrome (SPS), also known as stiff-man syndrome (SMS), is a rare neurologic disorder of unclear cause characterized by progressive rigidity and stiffness.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Stiff-person syndrome · See more »

Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Sulfuric acid · See more »


In the nervous system, a synapse is a structure that permits a neuron (or nerve cell) to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron or to the target efferent cell.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Synapse · See more »

Synaptic plasticity

In neuroscience, synaptic plasticity is the ability of synapses to strengthen or weaken over time, in response to increases or decreases in their activity.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Synaptic plasticity · See more »

Synaptic vesicle

In a neuron, synaptic vesicles (or neurotransmitter vesicles) store various neurotransmitters that are released at the synapse.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Synaptic vesicle · See more »


Synaptogenesis is the formation of synapses between neurons in the nervous system.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Synaptogenesis · See more »


Taste, gustatory perception, or gustation is one of the five traditional senses that belongs to the gustatory system.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Taste · See more »

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition is a monthly peer-reviewed biomedical journal in the field of clinical nutrition.

New!!: Glutamic acid and The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition · See more »

The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

New!!: Glutamic acid and The Guardian · See more »

Tien Chu Ve-Tsin

Tien Chu Ve-Tsin Chemical Limited is a Chinese manufacturer of honey by-products, food chemicals and additives including Monosodium Glutamate or MSG.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Tien Chu Ve-Tsin · See more »


Transaminases or aminotransferases are enzymes that catalyze a transamination reaction between an amino acid and an α-keto acid.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Transaminase · See more »


Transamination, a chemical reaction that transfers an amino group to a ketoacid to form new amino acids.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Transamination · See more »


Umami, or savory taste, is one of the five basic tastes (together with sweetness, sourness, bitterness, and saltiness).

New!!: Glutamic acid and Umami · See more »

University of Tokyo

, abbreviated as or UTokyo, is a public research university located in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.

New!!: Glutamic acid and University of Tokyo · See more »


Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Urea · See more »


Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Water · See more »


Yohimbine is an indole alkaloid derived from the bark of the Pausinystalia yohimbe tree in Central Africa.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Yohimbine · See more »


In chemistry, a zwitterion, formerly called a dipolar ion, is a molecule with two or more functional groups, of which at least one has a positive and one has a negative electrical charge and the net charge of the entire molecule is zero.

New!!: Glutamic acid and Zwitterion · See more »

1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid

1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid is an imino acid.

New!!: Glutamic acid and 1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid · See more »

Redirects here:

Acidulin, Aciglut, Aminoglutaric acid, D-glutamic acid, E620, Excitatory amino acid agents, Glusate, Glutacid, Glutamate, Glutamate metabolism, Glutamatergic neurotransmission, Glutamatergic system, Glutamateric, Glutamates, Glutamic, Glutamic Acid, Glutamic acid metabolism, Glutamic acids, Glutamicol, Glutamidex, Glutaminic Acid, Glutaminol, Glutamyl, Glutaton, L-Glutamic Acid, L-glutamate.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glutamic_acid

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »