31 relations: Adenosine diphosphate, Adenosine triphosphate, Amino acid, Carbon dioxide, Chemical formula, Dihydroxyacetone phosphate, Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, Glucose, Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, Glycerol, Glycolysis, KEGG, Light-dependent reactions, Light-independent reactions, Metabolic pathway, Metabolite, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, Pentose phosphate pathway, Phosphoric acids and phosphates, Photosynthesis, Polysaccharide, Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate, RuBisCO, Starch, Thiamine, Triosephosphate isomerase, Tryptophan, W. H. Freeman and Company, 1,3-Bisphosphoglyceric acid, 3-Phosphoglyceric acid.
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP), also known as adenosine pyrophosphate (APP), is an important organic compound in metabolism and is essential to the flow of energy in living cells.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP, also glycerone phosphate in older texts) is the anion with the formula HOCH2C(O)CH2OPO32-.
Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, also known as Harden-Young ester, is fructose sugar phosphorylated on carbons 1 and 6 (i.e., is a fructosephosphate).
Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, often just aldolase, is an enzyme catalyzing a reversible reaction that splits the aldol, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, into the triose phosphates dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P).
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (abbreviated as GAPDH or less commonly as G3PDH) is an enzyme of ~37kDa that catalyzes the sixth step of glycolysis and thus serves to break down glucose for energy and carbon molecules.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.
KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) is a collection of databases dealing with genomes, biological pathways, diseases, drugs, and chemical substances.
In photosynthesis, the light-dependent reactions take place on the thylakoid membranes.
The light-independent reactions, or dark reactions, of photosynthesis are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
In biochemistry, a metabolic pathway is a linked series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell.
A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, abbreviated NADP or, in older notation, TPN (triphosphopyridine nucleotide), is a cofactor used in anabolic reactions, such as lipid and nucleic acid synthesis, which require NADPH as a reducing agent.
The pentose phosphate pathway (also called the phosphogluconate pathway and the hexose monophosphate shunt) is a metabolic pathway parallel to glycolysis.
There are various kinds of phosphoric acids and phosphates.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages, and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides.
Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) is an organic substance that is involved in photosynthesis.
Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase, commonly known by the abbreviations RuBisCO, RuBPCase, or RuBPco, is an enzyme involved in the first major step of carbon fixation, a process by which atmospheric carbon dioxide is converted by plants and other photosynthetic organisms to energy-rich molecules such as glucose.
Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.
Thiamine, also known as thiamin or vitamin B1, is a vitamin found in food, and manufactured as a dietary supplement and medication.
Triose-phosphate isomerase (TPI or TIM) is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of the triose phosphate isomers dihydroxyacetone phosphate and D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
1,3-Bisphosphoglyceric acid (1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate or 1,3BPG) is a 3-carbon organic molecule present in most, if not all, living organisms.
3-Phosphoglyceric acid (3PG) is the conjugate acid of glycerate 3-phosphate (GP).
3-phosphoglyceraldehyde, D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, G3P, GADP, GALP, Gal-P, Glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate, Glyceraldehyde 3-P, Glyceraldehyde-3-P, Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate, Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, Glyceraldehydre 3-phosphate, Glyceraldohyde 3-phosphate, P-gal, PGAL, Pgal, Phosphoglyceraldehyde, T3P, Triose phosphate.