144 relations: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Acoustic impedance, Acrolein, Activated carbon, Adipose tissue, Advanced glycation end-product, Aerosol, Allyl chloride, American and British English spelling differences, Ancient Greek, Angina, Arecaceae, Aroma compound, Atomizer nozzle, Bacteria, Bacteriostatic agent, Biodiesel, Biofuel, Bioresource Technology, Carbohydrate, Chirality, Cookie, Cordite, Cough medicine, Cryoprotectant, Current Opinion (Elsevier), Dental plaque, Diet food, Diethylene glycol, Dihydroxyacetone phosphate, Directive on the Promotion of the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport, Dow Chemical Company, Dynamite, E number, Electronic cigarette, Electronic cigarette aerosol and liquid, Elixir, Enema, Energy & Fuels, Enzyme, Epichlorohydrin, Epoxy, Erythritol, Essential oil, Ester, Ethanol, Ethylene glycol, Fatty acid, Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, Fluid extract, ..., Food additive, Food and Drug Administration, Food energy, Food preservation, Formula E, Freezing-point depression, Gas, Gelignite, Gluconeogenesis, Glycation, Glycemic index, Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, Glycerin soap, Glycerine acetate, Glycerite, Glycerol 3-phosphate, Glycerol kinase, Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, Glycolysis, Green Chemistry (journal), Hair care, Harmonic oscillator, Humectant, Hydrogen, Hydrogen bond, Hydroxy group, Hygroscopy, Hypochlorite, Immunotherapy, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Intraocular pressure, Ion exchange, Kanthal (alloy), Kosmotropic, Laxative, Lipid, Liqueur, Low-carbohydrate diet, Lubrication, Median lethal dose, Medication, Medicine, Member state of the European Union, Mesoxalic acid, Metabolic pathway, Moisturizer, Mouthwash, Mucokinetics, Nematode, Nicotine, Nitroglycerin, Nutrient, Oleochemical, Personal care, Personal lubricant, Pharmaceutical formulation, Phospholipid, Polyol, Pressure measurement, Prochirality, Propene, Propylene glycol, Propylene oxide, Reagent, Saponification, Skin, Skin care, Soap, Solketal, Solubility, Solvent, Soybean, Sucrose, Sugar alcohol, Sugar substitute, Suppository, Sweetness, Tallow, Teaspoon, Thickening agent, Tincture, Tooth decay, Toothpaste, Toxic cough syrup, Transesterification, Triglyceride, Triosephosphate isomerase, Ultrasonic testing, Value added, Viscosity, Walt Bogdanich, Water, Xylitol. Expand index (94 more) » « Shrink index
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics is the United States' largest organization of food and nutrition professionals, and represents over 100,000 credentialed practitioners — registered dietitian nutritionists, dietetic technicians, registered, and other dietetics professionals holding undergraduate and advanced degrees in nutrition and dietetics.
Acoustic impedance and specific acoustic impedance are measures of the opposition that a system presents to the acoustic flow resulting of an acoustic pressure applied to the system.
Acrolein (systematic name: propenal) is the simplest unsaturated aldehyde.
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
In biology, adipose tissue, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes.
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are proteins or lipids that become glycated as a result of exposure to sugars.
An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
Allyl chloride is the organic compound with the formula CH2.
Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Angina, also known as angina pectoris, is chest pain or pressure, usually due to not enough blood flow to the heart muscle.
The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).
An aroma compound, also known as an odorant, aroma, fragrance, or flavor, is a chemical compound that has a smell or odor.
An atomizer nozzle can take many forms.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
A bacteriostatic agent or bacteriostat, abbreviated Bstatic, is a biological or chemical agent that stops bacteria from reproducing, while not necessarily killing them otherwise.
Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
Bioresource Technology is a peer reviewed scientific journal published biweekly by Elsevier, covering the field of bioresource technology.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Chirality is a property of asymmetry important in several branches of science.
A cookie is a baked or cooked food that is small, flat and sweet.
* Cordite is a family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom since 1889 to replace gunpowder as a military propellant.
Cough medicines are medications used in those with coughing and related conditions.
A cryoprotectant is a substance used to protect biological tissue from freezing damage (i.e. that due to ice formation).
Current Opinion is a collection of review journals on various disciplines of the life sciences published by Elsevier.
Dental plaque is a biofilm or mass of bacteria that grows on surfaces within the mouth.
Diet food (or dietetic food) refers to any food or beverage whose recipe is altered to reduce fat, carbohydrates, and/or sugar in order to make it part of a weight loss program or diet. Such foods are usually intended to assist in weight loss or a change in body type, although bodybuilding supplements are designed to aid in gaining weight or muscle.
Diethylene glycol (DEG) is an organic compound with the formula (HOCH2CH2)2O.
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP, also glycerone phosphate in older texts) is the anion with the formula HOCH2C(O)CH2OPO32-.
The Directive on the Promotion of the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport, officially 2003/30/EC and popularly better known as the biofuels directive is a European Union directive for promoting the use of biofuels for EU transport.
The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont.
Dynamite is an explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
An electronic cigarette or e-cigarette is a handheld electronic device that simulates the feeling of tobacco smoking.
Electronic cigarette aerosol and liquid (sometimes referred to as E-liquid) is the mixture used in vapor products such as electronic cigarettes.
An elixir (from Arabic: إكسير Iksīr; from Greek ξήριον xērion "powder for drying wounds" from ξηρός xēros "dry") is a clear, sweet-flavored liquid used for medicinal purposes, to be taken orally and intended to cure one's illness.
An enema is the injection of fluid into the lower bowel by way of the rectum.
Energy & Fuels is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Chemical Society.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Epichlorohydrin (abbreviated ECH) is an organochlorine compound and an epoxide.
Epoxy is either any of the basic components or the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.
Erythritol ((2R,3S)-butane-1,2,3,4-tetrol) is a sugar alcohol (or polyol) that has been approved for use as a food additive in the United States and throughout much of the world.
An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA, English: International Automobile Federation) is an association established as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR, English: 'International Association of Recognized Automobile Clubs') on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users.
Fluid extract is a type of fluid-solid extraction, that usually employs Soxhlet Apparatus to extract certain compound with known solubility in a solvent.
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Food energy is chemical energy that animals (including humans) derive from food through the process of cellular respiration.
Food preservation prevents the growth of microorganisms (such as yeasts), or other microorganisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as slowing the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.
Formula E, officially the ABB FIA Formula E Championship, is a class of auto racing that uses only electric-powered cars.
Freezing-point depression is the decrease of the freezing point of a solvent on addition of a non-volatile solute.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
Gelignite, also known as blasting gelatin or simply jelly, is an explosive material consisting of collodion-cotton (a type of nitrocellulose or gun cotton) dissolved in either nitroglycerine or nitroglycol and mixed with wood pulp and saltpetre (sodium nitrate or potassium nitrate).
Gluconeogenesis (GNG) is a metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from certain non-carbohydrate carbon substrates.
Glycation (sometimes called non-enzymatic glycosylation) is the result of the covalent bonding of a sugar molecule, such as glucose or fructose, to a protein or lipid molecule, without the controlling action of an enzyme.
The glycemic index or glycaemic index (GI) is a number associated with the carbohydrates in a particular type of food that indicates the effect of these carbohydrates on a person's blood glucose (also called blood sugar) level.
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, also known as triose phosphate or 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde and abbreviated as G3P, GA3P, GADP, GAP, TP, GALP or PGAL, is the metabolite that occurs as an intermediate in several central pathways of all organisms.
Glycerin soaps are soaps that contain glycerin, a component of fat or oil.
Glycerine acetate is a mixture of esters produced from the esterification of glycerol (1) with acetic acid.
A traditional glycerite is a fluid extract of an herb or other medicinal substance made using glycerin as the majority of the fluid extraction medium.
sn-Glycerol 3-phosphate is a phosphoric ester of glycerol, which is a component of glycerophospholipids.
Glycerol kinase, encoded by the gene GK, is a phosphotransferase enzyme involved in triglycerides and glycerophospholipids synthesis.
Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible redox conversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (a.k.a. glycerone phosphate, outdated) to sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.
Green Chemistry is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering every aspect of sustainable chemistry and its implementation in chemical engineering.
Hair care is an overall term for hygiene and cosmetology involving the hair which grows from the human scalp, and to a lesser extent facial, pubic and other body hair.
In classical mechanics, a harmonic oscillator is a system that, when displaced from its equilibrium position, experiences a restoring force, F, proportional to the displacement, x: where k is a positive constant.
A humectant is a hygroscopic substance used to keep things moist; it is the opposite of a desiccant because it is wet.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
In chemistry, hypochlorite is an ion with the chemical formula ClO−.
Immunotherapy is the "treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response".
The International Journal of Hydrogen Energy is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of Hydrogen energy, including hydrogen generation and storage.
The International Journal of Molecular Sciences (IJMS) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal covering research in chemistry, molecular physics (chemical physics and physical chemistry), and molecular biology.
Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the fluid pressure inside the eye.
Ion exchange is an exchange of ions between two electrolytes or between an electrolyte solution and a complex.
Kanthal is the trademark for a family of iron-chromium-aluminium (FeCrAl) alloys used in a wide range of resistance and high-temperature applications.
Co-solvents (in water solvent) are defined as kosmotropic (order-making) if they contribute to the stability and structure of water-water interactions.
Laxatives, purgatives, or aperients are substances that loosen stools and increase bowel movements.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
A liqueur is an alcoholic beverage made from a distilled spirit that has been flavored with either fruit, cream, herbs, spices, flowers or nuts, and is bottled with added sugars and other sweeteners (such as high-fructose corn syrup).
Low-carbohydrate diets or low-carb diets are dietary programs that restrict carbohydrate consumption.
Lubrication is the process or technique of using a lubricant to reduce friction and/or wear in a contact between two surfaces.
In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.
Mesoxalic acid, also called oxomalonic acid or ketomalonic acid, is an organic compound with formula C3H2O5 or HO-(C.
In biochemistry, a metabolic pathway is a linked series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell.
Moisturizers or emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents (often occlusives help hold water in the skin after application, humectants attract moisture and emollients help smooth the skin.) specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable.
Mouthwash, mouth rinse, oral rinse, or mouth bath is a liquid which is held in the mouth passively or swilled around the mouth by contraction of the perioral muscles and/or movement of the head, and may be gargled, where the head is tilted back and the liquid bubbled at the back of the mouth.
Mucokinetics are a class of drugs which aid in the clearance of mucus from the airways, lungs, bronchi, and trachea.
The nematodes or roundworms constitute the phylum Nematoda (also called Nemathelminthes).
Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants.
Nitroglycerin (NG), also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin (TNG), trinitroglycerine, nitro, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), or 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a heavy, colorless, oily, explosive liquid most commonly produced by nitrating glycerol with white fuming nitric acid under conditions appropriate to the formation of the nitric acid ester.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Oleochemicals (from Latin: oleum “olive oil”) are chemicals derived from plant and animal fats.
Personal care or toiletries are consumer products used in personal hygiene and for beautification.
Personal lubricants (colloquially termed lube) are specialized lubricants used during human sexual acts such as intercourse and masturbation to reduce friction to or between the penis and vagina, anus or other body parts or applied to sex toys to reduce friction or to ease penetration.
Pharmaceutical formulation, in pharmaceutics, is the process in which different chemical substances, including the active drug, are combined to produce a final medicinal product.
Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes.
A polyol is an organic compound containing multiple hydroxyl groups.
Pressure measurement is the analysis of an applied force by a fluid (liquid or gas) on a surface.
In stereochemistry, prochiral molecules are those that can be converted from achiral to chiral in a single step.
Propene, also known as propylene or methyl ethylene, is an unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula C3H6.
Propylene glycol (IUPAC name: propane-1,2-diol) is a synthetic organic compound with the chemical formula C3H8O2.
Propylene oxide is an organic compound with the molecular formula CH3CHCH2O.
A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.
Saponification is a process that produces soap.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
Skin care is the range of practices that support skin integrity, enhance its appearance and relieve skin conditions.
Soap is the term for a salt of a fatty acid or for a variety of cleansing and lubricating products produced from such a substance.
Solketal is a protected form of glycerol with an isopropylidene acetal group joining two neighboring hydroxyl groups.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
Sucrose is common table sugar.
Sugar alcohols (also called polyhydric alcohols, polyalcohols, alditols or glycitols) are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, that comprise a class of polyols.
A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.
A suppository is a solid dosage form that is inserted into the rectum (rectal suppository), vagina (vaginal suppository), or urethra (urethral suppository), where it dissolves or melts and exerts local or systemic effects.
Sweetness is a basic taste most commonly perceived when eating foods rich in sugars.
Tallow is a rendered form of beef or mutton fat, and is primarily made up of triglycerides.
A teaspoon is an item of cutlery, a measuring instrument, of approximately 5ml, or a unit of measurement of volume (usually abbreviated tsp.).
A thickening agent or thickener is a substance which can increase the viscosity of a liquid without substantially changing its other properties.
A tincture is typically an alcoholic extract of plant or animal material or solution of such, or of a low volatility substance (such as iodine and mercurochrome).
Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria.
Toothpaste is a paste or gel dentifrice used with a toothbrush as an accessory to clean and maintain the aesthetics and health of teeth.
Toxic cough syrup refers to a 2007 scandal in which Panamanian pharmaceutical manufacturers produced cough syrup using diethylene glycol which they believed to be glycerine.
In organic chemistry, transesterfication is the process of exchanging the organic group R″ of an ester with the organic group R′ of an alcohol.
A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride).
Triose-phosphate isomerase (TPI or TIM) is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of the triose phosphate isomers dihydroxyacetone phosphate and D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
Ultrasonic testing (UT) is a family of non-destructive testing techniques based on the propagation of ultrasonic waves in the object or material tested.
In business, the difference between the sale price and the production cost of a product is the unit profit.
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
Walt Bogdanich (born October 10, 1950) is an American investigative journalist and three-time recipient of the Pulitzer Prize.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener.
1,2,3-propanetriol, 1,2,3-trihydroxypropane, ATC code A06AG04, ATC code A06AX01, ATCvet code QA06AG04, ATCvet code QA06AX01, ATCvet code QA16QA03, C3H5(OH)3, C3H8O3, E422, Free glycerine, Glicerin, Glycerin, Glycerine, Glyceritol, Glycerols, Glyceryl, Glycide, Glycrin, Glycyl alcohol, Miniderm, Pharmaglycerin, Propan-1,2,3-triol, Propane-1,2,3-triol, Propanetriol, Pure glycerin, Trihydroxypropane, Vegetable Glycerin, Vegetable Glycerine, Vegetable glycerine.