114 relations: Acetic acid, Agonist, Almond, Amine, Amino acid, Amino acid neurotransmitter, Aminoacetonitrile, Aminolevulinic acid synthase, Ammonia, Ammonium chloride, Amphoterism, Analgesic, Ancient Greek, Animal feed, Antacid, Auguste André Thomas Cahours, Bicuculline, Bodybuilding supplement, Brainstem, Buffering agent, Carboxylic acid, Central nervous system, Chemical formula, Chirality (chemistry), Chloride, Chloroacetic acid, Collagen, Crustacean, Cucurbita, D-amino acid oxidase, Deodorant, Eben Norton Horsford, Ethanol, Ether, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, Eukaryote, Gelatin, Genetic code, Glucose, Glutamatergic, Glutamic acid, Glycine cleavage system, Glycine receptor, Glycoprotein, Glyoxylic acid, Glyphosate, Henri Braconnot, Hydrogen, Hydrophile, Hydrophobe, ..., Hydroxyproline, Inhibitory postsynaptic potential, Interstellar medium, Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Jean-Baptiste Boussingault, Journal of Archaeological Science, Juglans cinerea, Justus von Liebig, Lactate dehydrogenase, Large Molecule Heimat, Leek, Mackerel, Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy, Methylene group, Murchison meteorite, Mustard seed, N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid, NASA, Nature (journal), Neurotransmitter, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, NMDA receptor, Oxalate, Panspermia, Parmigiano-Reggiano, Peanut, Pet food, Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Pork rind, Porphyrin, Proteinogenic amino acid, Pumpkin, Purine, Pyridine, Pyridoxal phosphate, Pyruvic acid, Radical (chemistry), Retina, Reversible reaction, Rosetta (spacecraft), Sagittarius (constellation), Salami, Serine, Serine dehydratase, Serine hydroxymethyltransferase, Sesame, Side chain, Solar System, Soybean, Spinal cord, Stardust (spacecraft), Strecker amino acid synthesis, Strychnine, Succinyl-CoA, Sulfuric acid, Tetrahydrofolic acid, Tonne, Trimethylglycine, United States Pharmacopeia, Vertebrate, Western blot, Zwitterion, 3-Phosphoglyceric acid, 81P/Wild. Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
An agonist is a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response.
The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Mediterranean climate regions of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey to India and Pakistan, although it has been introduced elsewhere.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
An amino acid neurotransmitter is an amino acid which is able to transmit a nerve message across a synapse.
Aminoacetonitrile is a simple organic compound containing both nitrile and amino groups.
Aminolevulinic acid synthase (ALA synthase, ALAS, or delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase) is an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of D-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) the first common precursor in the biosynthesis of all tetrapyrroles such as hemes, cobalamins and chlorophylls.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water.
In chemistry, an amphoteric compound is a molecule or ion that can react both as an acid as well as a base.
An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Animal feed is food given to domestic animals in the course of animal husbandry.
An antacid is a substance which neutralizes stomach acidity and is used to relieve heartburn, indigestion or an upset stomach.
August André Thomas Cahours (1813-1891) was a chemist and scientist whose contribution to organic chemistry was one of the greatest in history.
Bicuculline is a phthalide-isoquinoline compound that is a light-sensitive competitive antagonist of GABAA receptors.
s are s commonly used by those involved in bodybuilding, weightlifting, mixed martial arts, and athletics for the purpose of facilitating an increase in lean body mass.
The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.
A buffering agent is a weak acid or base used to maintain the acidity (pH) of a solution near a chosen value after the addition of another acid or base.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chirality is a geometric property of some molecules and ions.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
Chloroacetic acid, industrially known as monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is the organochlorine compound with the formula ClCH2CO2H.
Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
Cucurbita (Latin for gourd) is a genus of herbaceous vines in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae, also known as cucurbits, native to the Andes and Mesoamerica.
D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO; also DAO, OXDA, DAMOX) is an enzyme with the function on a molecular level to oxidize D-amino acids to the corresponding imino acids, producing ammonia and hydrogen peroxide.
A deodorant is a substance applied to the body to prevent body odor caused by the bacterial breakdown of perspiration in armpits, feet, and other areas of the body.
Eben Norton Horsford (July 27, 1818 – January 1, 1893) was an American scientist who is best known for his reformulation of baking powder, his interest in Viking settlements in America, and the monuments he built to Leif Erikson.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), also known by several other names, is a chemical originating in multiseasonal plants with dormancy stages as a lipidopreservative which helps to develop the stem, currently used for both industrial and medical purposes.
Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).
Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.
The genetic code is the set of rules used by living cells to translate information encoded within genetic material (DNA or mRNA sequences) into proteins.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glutamatergic means "related to glutamate".
Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.
The glycine cleavage system (GCS) is also known as the glycine decarboxylase complex or GDC.
The glycine receptor (abbreviated as GlyR or GLR) is the receptor of the amino acid neurotransmitter glycine.
Glycoproteins are proteins that contain oligosaccharide chains (glycans) covalently attached to amino acid side-chains.
Glyoxylic acid or oxoacetic acid is an organic compound.
Glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine) is a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide and crop desiccant.
Henri Braconnot (May 29, 1780, Commercy, Meuse – January 15, 1855, Nancy) was a French chemist and pharmacist.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydrophile is a molecule or other molecular entity that is attracted to water molecules and tends to be dissolved by water.
In chemistry, hydrophobicity is the physical property of a molecule (known as a hydrophobe) that is seemingly repelled from a mass of water.
(2S,4R)-4-Hydroxyproline, or L-hydroxyproline (C5H9O3N), is a common non-proteinogenic amino acid, abbreviated as Hyp, e.g., in Protein Data Bank.
An inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) is a kind of synaptic potential that makes a postsynaptic neuron less likely to generate an action potential.
In astronomy, the interstellar medium (ISM) is the matter and radiation that exists in the space between the star systems in a galaxy.
Baron Jöns Jacob Berzelius (20 August 1779 – 7 August 1848), named by himself and contemporary society as Jacob Berzelius, was a Swedish chemist.
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Dieudonné Boussingault (1 February 1801 – 11 May 1887) was a French chemist who made significant contributions to agricultural science, petroleum science and metallurgy.
The Journal of Archaeological Science is a peer-reviewed academic journal that covers "the development and application of scientific techniques and methodologies to all areas of archaeology".
Juglans cinerea, commonly known as butternut or white walnut, is a species of walnut native to the eastern United States and southeast Canada.
Justus Freiherr von Liebig (12 May 1803 – 18 April 1873) was a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry, and was considered the founder of organic chemistry.
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH or LD) is an enzyme found in nearly all living cells (animals, plants, and prokaryotes).
The Large Molecule Heimat is a dense gas cloud located in the molecular cloud Sagittarius B2.
The leek is a vegetable, a cultivar of Allium ampeloprasum, the broadleaf wild leek.
Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of pelagic fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae.
The Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy (German: Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie) is located in Bonn, Germany.
In organic chemistry, a methylene group is any part of a molecule that consists of two hydrogen atoms bound to a carbon atom, which is connected to the remainder of the molecule by a double bond.
The Murchison meteorite is a large meteorite that fell to earth near Murchison, Victoria, in Australia, in 1969.
Mustard seeds are the small round seeds of various mustard plants.
N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid or N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) is an amino acid derivative that acts as a specific agonist at the NMDA receptor mimicking the action of glutamate, the neurotransmitter which normally acts at that receptor.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.
The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (also known as the NMDA receptor or NMDAR), is a glutamate receptor and ion channel protein found in nerve cells.
Oxalate (IUPAC: ethanedioate) is the dianion with the formula, also written.
Panspermia is the hypothesis that life exists throughout the Universe, distributed by space dust, meteoroids, asteroids, comets, planetoids, and also by spacecraft carrying unintended contamination by microorganisms.
Parmigiano-Reggiano is an Italian hard, granular cheese.
The peanut, also known as the groundnut or the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.
Pet food is plant or animal material intended for consumption by pets.
Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) is a technique widely used in biochemistry, forensic chemistry, genetics, molecular biology and biotechnology to separate biological macromolecules, usually proteins or nucleic acids, according to their electrophoretic mobility.
Pork rind is the culinary term for the skin of a pig.
Porphyrins (/phɔɹfɚɪn/ ''POUR-fer-in'') are a group of heterocyclic macrocycle organic compounds, composed of four modified pyrrole subunits interconnected at their α carbon atoms via methine bridges (.
Proteinogenic amino acids are amino acids that are incorporated biosynthetically into proteins during translation.
A pumpkin is a cultivar of a squash plant, most commonly of Cucurbita pepo, that is round, with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and deep yellow to orange coloration.
A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
Pyridoxal phosphate (PLP, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, P5P), the active form of vitamin B6, is a coenzyme in a variety of enzymatic reactions.
Pyruvic acid (CH3COCOOH) is the simplest of the alpha-keto acids, with a carboxylic acid and a ketone functional group.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
The retina is the innermost, light-sensitive "coat", or layer, of shell tissue of the eye of most vertebrates and some molluscs.
A reversible reaction is a reaction where the reactants form products, which react together to give the reactants back.
Rosetta was a space probe built by the European Space Agency launched on 2 March 2004.
Sagittarius is one of the constellations of the zodiac.
Salami (singular salame) is a type of cured sausage consisting of fermented and air-dried meat, typically beef or pork.
Serine (symbol Ser or S) is an ɑ-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Serine dehydratase or L-serine ammonia lyase (SDH) is in the β-family of pyridoxal phosphate-dependent (PLP) enzymes.
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) is a Pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) (Vitamin B6) dependent enzyme which plays an important role in cellular one-carbon pathways by catalyzing the reversible, simultaneous conversions of L-serine to glycine and tetrahydrofolate (THF) to 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate (5,10-CH2-THF).
Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.
The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.
Stardust was a 390 kilogram robotic space probe launched by NASA on 7 February 1999.
The Strecker amino acid synthesis, also known simply as the Strecker synthesis, was discovered by German chemist Adolph Strecker, and is a term used for a series of chemical reactions that synthesize an amino acid from an aldehyde or ketone.
Strychnine (also or) is a highly toxic, colorless, bitter, crystalline alkaloid used as a pesticide, particularly for killing small vertebrates such as birds and rodents.
Succinyl-Coenzyme A, abbreviated as Succinyl-CoA or SucCoA, is a combination of succinic acid and coenzyme A.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Tetrahydrofolic acid, or tetrahydrofolate, is a folic acid derivative.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
Trimethylglycine (TMG) is an amino acid derivative that occurs in plants.
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) is a pharmacopeia (compendium of drug information) for the United States published annually by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (usually also called the USP), a nonprofit organization that owns the trademark and copyright.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
The western blot (sometimes called the protein immunoblot) is a widely used analytical technique used in molecular biology, immunogenetics and other molecular biology disciplines to detect specific proteins in a sample of tissue homogenate or extract.
In chemistry, a zwitterion, formerly called a dipolar ion, is a molecule with two or more functional groups, of which at least one has a positive and one has a negative electrical charge and the net charge of the entire molecule is zero.
3-Phosphoglyceric acid (3PG) is the conjugate acid of glycerate 3-phosphate (GP).
Comet 81P/Wild, also known as Wild 2 (pronounced "vilt two"), is a comet named after Swiss astronomer Paul Wild, who discovered it on January 6, 1978, using a 40-cm Schmidt telescope at Zimmerwald, Switzerland.
ATC code B05CX03, ATCvet code QB05CX03, Aciport, Amino acetic acid, Aminoacetic acid, Aminoethanoic acid, Aminoethanolic acid, E640, Glicoamin, Gly, Glycinate, Glycine agents, Glycine metabolism, Glycine rich region, Glycocoll, Glycolixir, Glycosthene, Glycyl, Gyn-Hydralin, L-glycine, NH2CH2COOH, Padil.