254 relations: Abomasum, Adolescence, Alfalfa, Alkalinity, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Dairy Goat Association, Animal show, Artificial insemination, Australia, Çayönü, Baking, Bangladesh, Baphomet, Barbecue, Before Present, Beta-Carotene, Bezoar ibex, Bible, Black Mass, Boer goat, Book of Exodus, Bovidae, Breeder, Bromine, Browsing (herbivory), Brucellosis, Buffer solution, Butter, Butterfat, Cajeta, Canning, Capricornus, Caprinae, Caprine arthritis encephalitis, Caribbean, Carl Linnaeus, Caseous lymphadenitis, Cashmere goat, Cashmere wool, Castration, Catgut, Cattle, Chariot, Charitable organization, Cheese, Chimera (mythology), Chin, Chinese calendar, Chinese zodiac, Choga Mami, ..., Christianity in Europe, Christmas, Combat medic, Conservation grazing, Cornucopia, Corrugated fiberboard, Curry, Devil, Domestication, Dotdash, Dutch language, Eastern Europe, Ebla, Entire (animal), Equine conformation, Estrous cycle, Ether lipid, Europe, Facial hair, Fainting goat, Faun, Festuca, Fiber, Fish, Flehmen response, Folate, Food and Agriculture Organization, Foot-and-mouth disease, Free range, Frying, Fur, Galápagos Islands, Ganj Dareh, Gastrointestinal disease, Gävle, Gävle goat, George Mateljan, German language, Gestation, Goat (zodiac), Goat cheese, Goat meat, Goatee, Goatherd, Gospel of Matthew, Gothic language, Grazing, Great Britain, Grilling, Hay, Herbivore, Herding, Heredity, Homogenization (chemistry), Horn (anatomy), Ice cream, Icelandic language, India, Intersex, Iran, Iris (anatomy), Iron, Jeitun, Jericho, Jesus, Kashmir, Kashrut, Keratin, Kidney, Kiko goat, Kozlov, Kudzu, Lactation, Lactose, Lactose intolerance, Ladakh, Lamb and mutton, Latin, Listeria, Livestock, Manure, Mating, Mendes, Middle Ages, Milk, Mincing, Modern English, Mohair, Mold, Monogastric, Multiple birth, Neolithic, New Testament, New Zealand, Niacin, Nigerian Dwarf goat, Nigora, Norse mythology, Occult, Old Church Slavonic, Old English, Omasum, Pacific Northwest, Pack goat, Paganism, Pakistan, Pan (god), Pan flute, Pantothenic acid, Parable, Parchment, Pashmina, Pastern, Pentagram, Persian language, Pet, Placentophagy, Pneumonia, Poison oak, Polled livestock, Polycerate, Poverty, Prehensility, Protein, Proto-Germanic language, Proto-Indo-European language, Pseudorabies, Pupil, Pygmy goat, Pygora goat, Q fever, Queen Mary University of London, Rabies, Rajasthan, Religion, Reticulum (anatomy), Rocamadour cheese, Rumen, Ruminant, Rut (mammalian reproduction), Saint, Sanskrit, Satan, Satanism, Satyr, Sausage, Scandinavia, Scapegoat, Sclera, Seasonal breeder, Sheep, Sheep shearing, Shepherd, Shofar, Shrubbery, Shrubland, Silage, Solanaceae, South Africa, South Asia, Spoon, Starvation, Stew, String instrument, Superstition, Surgical suture, Syria, Tanngrisnir and Tanngnjóstr, Tennessee, Textile industry, The Sheep and the Goats, Thiamine, Thor, Tree, Tree stump, Tuberculosis, Twin, Udder, United Nations, United States, United States Department of Agriculture, Veal, Venison, Vine, Vitamin A, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Wassailing, Water buffalo, Wattle (anatomy), Weaning, Weed, Western Asia, Wild goat, Wine, Yogurt, Yom Kippur, Yule, Yule Goat, Zagros Mountains, Zodiac, 10th edition of Systema Naturae, 4-H. Expand index (204 more) » « Shrink index
The abomasum, also known as the maw, rennet-bag, or reed tripe, is the fourth and final stomach compartment in ruminants.
AdolescenceMacmillan Dictionary for Students Macmillan, Pan Ltd.
Alfalfa, Medicago sativa also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world.
Alkalinity is the capacity of water to resist changes in pH that would make the water more acidic.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is an American professional association of pediatricians, headquartered in Itasca, Illinois.
The American Dairy Goat Association or ADGA is a United States not-for-profit corporation dedicated to dairy goats.
An animal show is a form of exhibition featuring the display or performance of one or more breeds of animal.
Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's uterus or cervix for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Çayönü is a Neolithic settlement in southeastern Turkey inhabited around 7200 to 6600 BC.
Baking is a method of cooking food that uses prolonged dry heat, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Baphomet (from Medieval Latin Baphometh, Baffometi, Occitan Bafometz) is an idol of a deity that the Knights Templar were accused of worshipping and that subsequently was incorporated into disparate occult and mystical traditions.
Barbecue or barbeque (informally BBQ or barbie) is a cooking method, a style of food, and a name for a meal or gathering at which this style of food is cooked and served.
Before Present (BP) years is a time scale used mainly in geology and other scientific disciplines to specify when events occurred in the past.
β-Carotene is an organic, strongly colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits.
The bezoar ibex (Capra aegagrus aegagrus), also known as the Anatolian bezoar ibex, Persian ibex or dağ keçisi by Anatolian locals, is a vulnerable subspecies of wild goat native to Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iraq, Iran, Russia and Turkey.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
A Black Mass is a ritual characterized by the inversion of the Traditional Latin Mass celebrated by the Roman Catholic Church.
The Boer goat is a breed of goat that was developed in South Africa in the early 1900s for meat production.
The Book of Exodus or, simply, Exodus (from ἔξοδος, éxodos, meaning "going out"; וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹת, we'elleh shəmōṯ, "These are the names", the beginning words of the text: "These are the names of the sons of Israel" וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל), is the second book of the Torah and the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) immediately following Genesis.
The Bovidae are the biological family of cloven-hoofed, ruminant mammals that includes bison, African buffalo, water buffalo, antelopes, wildebeest, impala, gazelles, sheep, goats, muskoxen, and domestic cattle.
A breeder is a person who selectively breeds carefully selected mates, normally of the same breed to sexually reproduce offspring with specific, consistently replicable qualities and characteristics.
Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.
Browsing is a type of herbivory in which a herbivore (or, more narrowly defined, a folivore) feeds on leaves, soft shoots, or fruits of high-growing, generally woody, plants such as shrubs.
Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions.
A buffer solution (more precisely, pH buffer or hydrogen ion buffer) is an aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or vice versa.
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.
Butterfat or milkfat is the fatty portion of milk.
Cajeta is a confection of thickened syrup usually made of sweetened caramelised goat's milk.
Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container.
Capricornus is one of the constellations of the zodiac.
Subfamily Caprinae is part of the ruminant family Bovidae, and consists of mostly medium-sized bovids.
Caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE) is a viral disease of goats caused by a lentivirus called caprine arthritis encephalitis virus.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis found mostly in goats and sheep that at present has no cure.
A cashmere goat is a breed of goat that produces cashmere wool, the goat's fine, soft, downy, winter undercoat, in commercial quality and quantity.
Cashmere wool, usually simply known as cashmere, is a luxury fiber obtained from cashmere goats and other types of goat.
Castration (also known as gonadectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which an individual loses use of the testicles.
Catgut is a type of cord that is prepared from the natural fibre found in the walls of animal intestines.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization (NPO) whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).
Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
The Chimera (or, also Chimaera (Chimæra); Greek: Χίμαιρα, Chímaira "she-goat") was, according to Greek mythology, a monstrous fire-breathing hybrid creature of Lycia in Asia Minor, composed of the parts of more than one animal.
The chin or the mental region is the area of the face below the lower lip and including the mandibular prominence.
The traditional Chinese calendar (official Chinese name: Rural Calendar, alternately Former Calendar, Traditional Calendar, or Lunar Calendar) is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years, months and days according to astronomical phenomena.
The Chinese zodiac is a classification scheme that assigns an animal and its reputed attributes to each year in a repeating 12-year cycle.
Choga Mami is a Samarran settlement site in Diyala province in Southern Iraq in the Mandali region.
Christianity is the largest religion in Europe.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
Combat medics or field medics (or medics) are military personnel who have been trained to at least an EMT-B level (16-week course in the U.S. Army), and are responsible for providing first aid and frontline trauma care on the battlefield.
Conservation grazing is the use of semi-feral or domesticated grazing livestock to maintain and increase the biodiversity of natural or semi-natural grasslands, heathlands, wood pasture, wetlands and many other habitats.
In classical antiquity, the cornucopia (from Latin cornu copiae), also called the horn of plenty, was a symbol of abundance and nourishment, commonly a large horn-shaped container overflowing with produce, flowers or nuts.
Corrugated fiberboard is a material consisting of a fluted corrugated sheet and one or two flat linerboards.
Curry (sometimes, plural curries) is an umbrella term referring to a number of dishes originating in the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent.
A devil (from Greek: διάβολος diábolos "slanderer, accuser") is the personification and archetype of evil in various cultures.
Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.
Dotdash (formerly About.com) is an American Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites", of which there are nearly 1,000.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Ebla (إبلا., modern: تل مرديخ, Tell Mardikh) was one of the earliest kingdoms in Syria.
In animal fancy and animal husbandry, entire (or intact) indicates an animal has not been desexed, i.e., spayed (female) or neutered (male).
Equine conformation evaluates the degree of correctness of a horse's bone structure, musculature, and its body proportions in relation to each other.
The estrous cycle or oestrus cycle (derived from Latin oestrus 'frenzy', originally from Greek οἶστρος oîstros 'gadfly') is the recurring physiological changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females.
In an organic chemistry general sense, an ether lipid implies an ether bridge between an alkyl group (a lipid) and an unspecified alkyl or aryl group, not necessarily glycerol.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Facial hair is hair grown on the face, usually on the chin, cheeks, and upper lip region.
The myotonic goat, otherwise known as the fainting goat, is a domestic goat that temporarily seizes when it feels panic.
The faun (φαῦνος, phaunos) is a mythological half human–half goat creature appearing in Ancient Rome.
Festuca (fescue) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the grass family, Poaceae (subfamily Pooideae).
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
The flehmen response, also called the flehmen position, flehmen reaction, flehming, or flehmening, is a behavior in which an animal curls back its upper lip exposing its front teeth, inhales with the nostrils usually closed, and then often holds this position for several seconds.
Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Foot-and-mouth disease or hoof-and-mouth disease (Aphthae epizooticae) is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids.
A small flock of mixed free-range chickens being fed outdoors Free range denotes a method of farming husbandry where the animals, for at least part of the day, can roam freely outdoors, rather than being confined in an enclosure for 24 hours each day.
Frying is the cooking of food in oil or another fat.
Fur is the hair covering of non-human mammals, particularly those mammals with extensive body hair that is soft and thick.
The Galápagos Islands (official name: Archipiélago de Colón, other Spanish name: Las Islas Galápagos), part of the Republic of Ecuador, are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed on either side of the equator in the Pacific Ocean surrounding the centre of the Western Hemisphere, west of continental Ecuador.
Ganj Dareh (Persian: تپه گنج دره; "Treasure Valley" in Persian,Smith, Philip E.L., World Archaeology, Vol. 21, No. 3 (February, 1990), pp. 323-335 or "Treasure Valley Hill" if tepe/tappeh (hill) is appended to the name) is a Neolithic settlement in the Iranian Kurdistan.
Gastrointestinal diseases refer to diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, and the accessory organs of digestion, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
Gävle is a city in Sweden, the seat of Gävle Municipality and the capital of Gävleborg County.
The Gävle Goat (Gävlebocken) is a traditional Christmas display erected annually at Slottstorget (Castle Square) in central Gävle, Sweden.
George Mateljan is a businessman who is most known for his book The World's Healthiest Foods.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside viviparous animals.
The Goat is the eighth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.
Goat cheese, goats' cheese, or chèvre (or; from the French word for goat), is cheese made from goat's milk.
Goat meat or goat's meat is the meat of the domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus).
A goatee is a style of facial hair incorporating hair on a man's chin but not his cheeks.
A goatherd or goatherder is a person who herds goats as a vocational activity.
The Gospel According to Matthew (translit; also called the Gospel of Matthew or simply, Matthew) is the first book of the New Testament and one of the three synoptic gospels.
Gothic is an extinct East Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths.
Grazing is a method of feeding in which a herbivore feeds on plants such as grasses, or other multicellular organisms such as algae.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
Grilling is a form of cooking that involves dry heat applied to the surface of food, commonly from above or below.
Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut, dried, and stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for grazing animals such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep.
A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.
Herding is the act of bringing individual animals together into a group (herd), maintaining the group, and moving the group from place to place—or any combination of those.
Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.
Homogenization or homogenisation is any of several processes used to make a mixture of two mutually non-soluble liquids the same throughout.
A horn is a permanent pointed projection on the head of various animals consisting of a covering of keratin and other proteins surrounding a core of live bone.
Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert.
Icelandic (íslenska) is a North Germanic language, and the language of Iceland.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Intersex people are born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
In humans and most mammals and birds, the iris (plural: irides or irises) is a thin, circular structure in the eye, responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil and thus the amount of light reaching the retina.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Jeitun (Djeitun) is an archaeological site of the Neolithic period in southern Turkmenistan, about 30 kilometers northwest of Ashgabat in the Kopet-Dag mountain range.
Jericho (יְרִיחוֹ; أريحا) is a city in the Palestinian Territories and is located near the Jordan River in the West Bank.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.
Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
The Kiko is a breed of meat goat from New Zealand.
Kozlov (Козло́в, masculine) or Kozlova (Козло́ва, feminine) is a Russian surname.
Kudzu (also called Japanese arrowroot) is a group of plants in the genus Pueraria, in the pea family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.
Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.
Lactose is a disaccharide.
Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products.
Ladakh ("land of high passes") is a region in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir that currently extends from the Kunlun mountain range to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent.
Lamb, hogget, and mutton are the meat of domestic sheep (species Ovis aries) at different ages.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Listeria is a genus of bacteria that, until 1992, contained 10 known species, each containing two subspecies.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Manure is organic matter, mostly derived from animal feces except in the case of green manure, which can be used as organic fertilizer in agriculture.
In biology, mating (or mateing in British English) is the pairing of either opposite-sex or hermaphroditic organisms, usually for the purposes of sexual reproduction.
Mendes (Μένδης, gen.: Μένδητος), the Greek name of the Ancient Egyptian city of Djedet, also known in Ancient Egypt as Per-Banebdjedet ("The Domain of the Ram Lord of Djedet") and Anpet, is known today as Tell El-Ruba (تل الربع).
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Mincing is a food preparation technique in which food ingredients are finely divided into uniform pieces.
Modern English (sometimes New English or NE as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550.
Mohair is usually a silk-like fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat.
A mold or mould (is a fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.
A monogastric organism has a simple single-chambered stomach, compared with a ruminant organism, like a cow, goat, or sheep, which has a four-chambered complex stomach.
A multiple birth is the culmination of one multiple pregnancy, wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid, is an organic compound and a form of vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.
The Nigerian Dwarf goat is a miniature goat breed of West African ancestry.
The Nigora is an American breed of small or medium-sized dual-purpose goat, raised both for its milk and for its fiber.
Norse mythology is the body of myths of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period.
The term occult (from the Latin word occultus "clandestine, hidden, secret") is "knowledge of the hidden".
Old Church Slavonic, also known as Old Church Slavic (or Ancient/Old Slavonic often abbreviated to OCS; (autonym словѣ́ньскъ ѩꙁꙑ́къ, slověnĭskŭ językŭ), not to be confused with the Proto-Slavic, was the first Slavic literary language. The 9th-century Byzantine missionaries Saints Cyril and Methodius are credited with standardizing the language and using it in translating the Bible and other Ancient Greek ecclesiastical texts as part of the Christianization of the Slavs. It is thought to have been based primarily on the dialect of the 9th century Byzantine Slavs living in the Province of Thessalonica (now in Greece). It played an important role in the history of the Slavic languages and served as a basis and model for later Church Slavonic traditions, and some Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches use this later Church Slavonic as a liturgical language to this day. As the oldest attested Slavic language, OCS provides important evidence for the features of Proto-Slavic, the reconstructed common ancestor of all Slavic languages.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
The omasum, also known as the bible, the fardel, the manyplies and the psalterium, is the third compartment of the stomach in ruminants.
The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east.
A pack goat is a goat used as a beast of burden, for packing cargo.
Paganism is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for populations of the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ).
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Pan (Πάν, Pan) is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature of mountain wilds, rustic music and impromptus, and companion of the nymphs.
The pan flutes (also known as panpipes or syrinx) are a group of musical instruments based on the principle of the closed tube, consisting of multiple pipes of gradually increasing length (and occasionally girth).
Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin.
A parable is a succinct, didactic story, in prose or verse that illustrates one or more instructive lessons or principles.
Parchment is a writing material made from specially prepared untanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves, and goats.
Pashmina is a fine type of Kashmiri wool.
The pastern is a part of the leg of a horse between the fetlock and the top of the hoof.
A pentagram (sometimes known as a pentalpha or pentangle or a star pentagon) is the shape of a five-pointed star drawn with five straight strokes.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
A pet or companion animal is an animal kept primarily for a person's company, protection, or entertainment rather than as a working animal, livestock, or laboratory animal.
Placentophagy (from 'placenta' + Greek φαγειν, to eat; also referred to as placentophagia) is the act of mammals eating the placenta of their young after childbirth.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
Poison oak refers to two plant species in the genus Toxicodendron.
Polled livestock (animals) are livestock without horns in species which are normally horned.
Polycerate, meaning "many-horned", is a term used to describe animals with more than two horns.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
Prehensility is the quality of an appendage or organ that has adapted for grasping or holding.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; German: Urgermanisch; also called Common Germanic, German: Gemeingermanisch) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
Aujeszky's disease, usually called pseudorabies in the United States, is a viral disease in swine that has been endemic in most parts of the world.
The pupil is a hole located in the center of the iris of the eye that allows light to strike the retina.
The African pygmy goat is a breed of miniature domestic goat.
The Pygora goat is a breed of fiber goat that originated from crossing the registered NPGA Pygmy goat and the white AAGBA Angora goat.
Q fever is a disease caused by infection with Coxiella burnetii, a bacterium that affects humans and other animals.
Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Rabies is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the brain in humans and other mammals.
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
The reticulum is the first chamber in the alimentary canal of a ruminant animal.
Rocamadour is a French cheese from the southwest part of the country.
The rumen, also known as a paunch, forms the larger part of the reticulorumen, which is the first chamber in the alimentary canal of ruminant animals.
Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.
The rut, derived from the Latin rugire (meaning "to roar"), is the mating season of mammals which includes ruminant animals such as deer, sheep, camels, goats, pronghorns, bison, giraffes and antelopes but extends to others such as skunks and elephants.
A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Satan is an entity in the Abrahamic religions that seduces humans into sin.
Satanism is a group of ideological and philosophical beliefs based on Satan.
In Greek mythology, a satyr (σάτυρος satyros) is the member of a troop of ithyphallic male companions of Dionysus; they usually have horse-like ears and tails, as well as permanent, exaggerated erections.
A sausage is a cylindrical meat product usually made from ground meat, often pork, beef, or veal, along with salt, spices and other flavourings, and breadcrumbs, encased by a skin.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
In the Bible, a scapegoat is an animal which is ritually burdened with the sins of others then driven away.
The sclera, also known as the white of the eye, is the opaque, fibrous, protective, outer layer of the human eye containing mainly collagen and some elastic fiber.
Seasonal breeders are animal species that successfully mate only during certain times of the year.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
Sheep shearing is the process by which the woollen fleece of a sheep is cut off.
A shepherd or sheepherder is a person who tends, herds, feeds, or guards herds of sheep.
A shofar (pron., from Shofar.ogg) is an ancient musical horn typically made of a ram's horn, used for Jewish religious purposes.
A shrubbery is a wide border to a garden where shrubs are thickly planted, or a similar larger area with a path winding through it.
Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterised by vegetation dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, herbs, and geophytes.
Silage is fermented, high-moisture stored fodder which can be fed to cattle, sheep and other such ruminants (cud-chewing animals) or used as a biofuel feedstock for anaerobic digesters.
The Solanaceae, or nightshades, are an economically important family of flowering plants.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
A spoon is a utensil consisting of a small shallow bowl (also known as a head), oval or round, at the end of a handle.
Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life.
A stew is a combination of solid food ingredients that have been cooked in liquid and served in the resultant gravy.
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
Superstition is a pejorative term for any belief or practice that is considered irrational: for example, if it arises from ignorance, a misunderstanding of science or causality, a positive belief in fate or magic, or fear of that which is unknown.
Surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Tanngrisnir (Old Norse "teeth-barer, snarler") and Tanngnjóstr (Old Norse "teeth grinder") are the goats who pull the god Thor's chariot in Norse mythology.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
The textile industry is primarily concerned with the design, production and distribution of yarn, cloth and clothing.
The Sheep and the Goats or "the Judgment of the Nations" is a pronouncement of Jesus recorded in chapter 25 of Matthew's Gospel in the New Testament.
Thiamine, also known as thiamin or vitamin B1, is a vitamin found in food, and manufactured as a dietary supplement and medication.
In Norse mythology, Thor (from Þórr) is the hammer-wielding god of thunder, lightning, storms, oak trees, strength, the protection of mankind, in addition to hallowing, and fertility.
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.
After a tree has been cut and felled, the stump or tree stump is usually a small remaining portion of the trunk with the roots still in the ground.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Twins are two offspring produced by the same pregnancy.
An udder is an organ formed of the mammary glands of female four-legged mammals, particularly ruminants such as cattle, goats, sheep and deer.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
Veal is the meat of calves, in contrast to the beef from older cattle.
Venison is the meat of a deer.
A vine (Latin vīnea "grapevine", "vineyard", from vīnum "wine") is any plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent (that is, climbing) stems, lianas or runners.
Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin A carotenoids (most notably beta-carotene).
Vitamin B6 refers to a group of chemically similar compounds which can be interconverted in biological systems.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.
The tradition of wassailing (alt sp wasselling) falls into two distinct categories: the house-visiting wassail and the orchard-visiting wassail.
The water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) or domestic Asian water buffalo is a large bovid originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China.
A wattle is a fleshy caruncle hanging from various parts of the head or neck in several groups of birds and mammals.
Weaning is the process of gradually introducing an infant mammal to what will be its adult diet and withdrawing the supply of its mother's milk.
A weed is a plant considered undesirable in a particular situation, "a plant in the wrong place".
Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.
The wild goat (Capra aegagrus) is a widespread species of goat, with a distribution ranging from Europe and Asia Minor to Central Asia and the Middle East.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
Yogurt, yoghurt, or yoghourt (or; from yoğurt; other spellings listed below) is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk.
Yom Kippur (יוֹם כִּיפּוּר,, or), also known as the Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year in Judaism.
Yule or Yuletide ("Yule time") was and is a festival observed by the historical Germanic peoples.
The Yule goat is a Scandinavian and Northern European Yule and Christmas symbol and tradition.
The Zagros Mountains (کوههای زاگرس; چیاکانی زاگرۆس) form the largest mountain range in Iran, Iraq and southeastern Turkey.
The zodiac is an area of the sky that extends approximately 8° north or south (as measured in celestial latitude) of the ecliptic, the apparent path of the Sun across the celestial sphere over the course of the year.
The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature.
4-H is a global network of youth organizations whose mission is "engaging youth to reach their fullest potential while advancing the field of youth development".
Billies, Billy Goat, Billy goat, Billy-goat, Billygoat, Capra aegagrus hircus, Capra hircus, Dairy Goats, Dairy goat, Domestic Goat, Domestic Goats, Domestic goat, Domestic goats, Domesticated goat, Goat anatomy, Goat milk, Goat penis, Goat's milk, Goatfighting, Goatry, Goats, Goats' milk, He-goat, Kid (goat), Nanny Goat, Nanny goat, She goat, She goats, She-Goat, She-goats, 🐐.