111 relations: BBC News Online, Beurla Reagaird, Brittonic languages, Bungi Creole, Bunscoill Ghaelgagh, Canada, Canadian Gaelic, Cant (language), Celtic languages, Centre for Manx Studies, Classical Gaelic, Comparison of Scottish Gaelic and Irish, Connacht Irish, County Cork, County Donegal, County Galway, County Kerry, County Mayo, County Meath, County Waterford, Cree language, Cumbric, Dáil Éireann, Dál Riata, Dialect continuum, Early Scots, English language, Ethnologue, European Union, Ewan Campbell, Exonym and endonym, Flight of the Earls, Gaeltacht, Galloway, Galwegian Gaelic, Gaulish language, Germanic languages, Gloss (annotation), Goídel Glas, Goidelic substrate hypothesis, Good Friday Agreement, Great Famine (Ireland), Hebrides, Highland Clearances, Highland English, History of Scotland, History of the Irish language, Insular Celtic languages, Intellectual, Ireland, ..., Irish language, Irish language in Newfoundland, Irish language in Northern Ireland, Isle of Man, Isle of Man Government, Jacobite risings, Kingdom of Scotland, Language revitalization, Latin, Lebor Gabála Érenn, List of English words of Scottish Gaelic origin, Literature in the other languages of Britain, Lothian, Manuscript, Manx language, Métis in Canada, Middle English, Middle Irish, Mooinjer veggey, Munster Irish, Ned Maddrell, Norn language, North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), Northern Ireland, Northern Isles, Nova Scotia, Ogham, Oireachtas, Ojibwe language, Old Irish, Old Welsh, Orkney, Orthography, Pictish language, Picts, Pluricentric language, Primitive Irish, Proto-Celtic language, Republic of Ireland, Roman Empire, Scotland, Scotland in the High Middle Ages, Scots language, Scots law, Scottish Borders, Scottish English, Scottish Gaelic, Scottish Highlands, Scottish Lowlands, Scottish Parliament, Seanad Éireann, Shelta, Shetland, Sláinte, Syntax, Taoiseach, The Crown, Ulster Irish, United Kingdom census, 2011, University College Isle of Man, Vikings. Expand index (61 more) » « Shrink index
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
Beurla Reagaird is a nearly extinct, Scottish Gaelic-based cant used by the indigenous travelling community of the Highlands of Scotland, formerly often referred to by the disparaging name "tinkers".
The Brittonic, Brythonic or British Celtic languages (ieithoedd Brythonaidd/Prydeinig; yethow brythonek/predennek; yezhoù predenek) form one of the two branches of the Insular Celtic language family; the other is Goidelic.
Bunscoill Ghaelgagh is a Manx-language primary school in St John's, Isle of Man.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canadian Gaelic or Cape Breton Gaelic (Gàidhlig Chanada, A' Ghàidhlig Chanadach or Gàidhlig Cheap Bhreatainn), known in English as often simply Gaelic, refers to the dialects of Scottish Gaelic spoken by people in Atlantic Canada who have their origins in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland.
A cant (or cryptolect, or secret language) is the jargon or argot of a group, often employed to exclude or mislead people outside the group.
The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
The Centre for Manx Studies (Laare-Studeyrys Manninagh) is a department of the School of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology in the University of Liverpool whose focus is the study of the Isle of Man, the Manx language, and Manx culture and history.
Classical Gaelic (Gàidhlig Chlasaigeach; Gaeilge Chlasaiceach) was the shared literary form that was in use in Scotland and Ireland from the 13th century to the 18th century.
Although Scottish Gaelic and Irish are closely related as Celtic - Gaelic languages, they are in fact starkly different in many ways.
Connacht Irish is the dialect of the Irish language spoken in the province of Connacht.
County Cork (Contae Chorcaí) is a county in Ireland.
County Donegal (Contae Dhún na nGall) is a county of Ireland in the province of Ulster.
County Galway (Contae na Gaillimhe) is a county in Ireland.
County Kerry (Contae Chiarraí) is a county in Ireland.
County Mayo (Contae Mhaigh Eo, meaning "Plain of the yew trees") is a county in Ireland.
County Meath (Contae na Mí or simply an Mhí) is a county in Ireland.
County Waterford (Contae Phort Láirge; the English name comes from Old Norse Vedrafjörður) is a county in Ireland.
Cree (also known as Cree–Montagnais–Naskapi) is a dialect continuum of Algonquian languages spoken by approximately 117,000 people across Canada, from the Northwest Territories to Alberta to Labrador.
Cumbric was a variety of the Common Brittonic language spoken during the Early Middle Ages in the Hen Ogledd or "Old North" in what is now Northern England and southern Lowland Scotland.
Dáil Éireann (lit. Assembly of Ireland) is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).
Dál Riata or Dál Riada (also Dalriada) was a Gaelic overkingdom that included parts of western Scotland and northeastern Ireland, on each side of the North Channel.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
Early Scots was the emerging literary language of the Northern Middle English speaking parts of Scotland in the period before 1450.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect.
The Flight of the Earls (Irish: Imeacht na nIarlaí) took place on 4 September 1607, when Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone and Red Hugh O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, and about ninety followers left Ulster in Ireland for mainland Europe.
Gaeltacht (plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish-language word for any primarily Irish-speaking region.
Galloway (Gallovidia) is a region in southwestern Scotland comprising the historic counties of Wigtownshire and Kirkcudbrightshire.
Galwegian Gaelic (also known as Gallovidian Gaelic, Gallowegian Gaelic, or Galloway Gaelic) is an extinct dialect of the Goidelic languages formerly spoken in southwest Scotland.
Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Europe as late as the Roman Empire.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
A gloss is a brief notation, especially a marginal one or an interlinear one, of the meaning of a word or wording in a text.
According to an Irish and Scottish medieval tradition, Goídel Glas (Latinised as Gaithelus) is the creator of the Goidelic languages and the eponymous ancestor of the Gaels.
The Goidelic substrate hypothesis refers to the hypothesized language or languages spoken in Ireland before the Iron Age arrival of the Goidelic languages.
The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (Comhaontú Aoine an Chéasta or Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste; Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance) was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s.
The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1849.
The Hebrides (Innse Gall,; Suðreyjar) compose a widespread and diverse archipelago off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
The Highland Clearances (Fuadaichean nan Gàidheal, the "eviction of the Gaels") were the evictions of a significant number of tenants in the Scottish Highlands mostly during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Highland English or Highland and Island English is the variety of Scottish English spoken by many in the Scottish Highlands and the Hebrides.
The is known to have begun by the end of the last glacial period (in the paleolithic), roughly 10,000 years ago.
The history of the Irish language begins with the period from the arrival of speakers of Celtic languages in Ireland to Ireland's earliest known form of Irish, Archaic Irish, which is found in Ogham inscriptions dating from the 3rd or 4th century AD.
Insular Celtic languages are a group of Celtic languages that originated in Britain and Ireland, in contrast to the Continental Celtic languages of mainland Europe and Anatolia.
An intellectual is a person who engages in critical thinking, research, and reflection about society and proposes solutions for its normative problems.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
The Irish language was once widely spoken on the island of Newfoundland before largely disappearing there by the early 20th century.
The Irish language (also known as Irish Gaelic) (Gaeilge) is a recognised minority language in Northern Ireland.
The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Isle of Man Government (Reiltys Ellan Vannin) is the government of the Isle of Man.
The Jacobite risings, also known as the Jacobite rebellions or the War of the British Succession, were a series of uprisings, rebellions, and wars in Great Britain and Ireland occurring between 1688 and 1746.
The Kingdom of Scotland (Rìoghachd na h-Alba; Kinrick o Scotland) was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843.
Language revitalization, also referred to as language revival or reversing language shift, is an attempt to halt or reverse the decline of a language or to revive an extinct one.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lebor Gabála Érenn (The Book of the Taking of Ireland) is a collection of poems and prose narratives that purports to be a history of Ireland and the Irish from the creation of the world to the Middle Ages.
This is a list of English words borrowed from Scottish Gaelic.
In addition to English, literature has been written in a wide variety of other languages in Britain, that is the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands (the Isle of Man and the Bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey are not part of the United Kingdom, but are closely associated with it, being British Crown Dependencies).
Lothian (Lowden; Lodainn) is a region of the Scottish Lowlands, lying between the southern shore of the Firth of Forth and the Lammermuir Hills.
A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document written by hand -- or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten -- as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way.
The Métis in Canada are a group of peoples in Canada who trace their descent to First Nations peoples and European settlers.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Middle Irish (sometimes called Middle Gaelic, An Mheán-Ghaeilge) is the Goidelic language which was spoken in Ireland, most of Scotland and the Isle of Man from circa 900-1200 AD; it is therefore a contemporary of late Old English and early Middle English.
Mooinjer veggey is the Manx for little people, a term used for fairies in Gaelic lore.
Munster Irish is the dialect of the Irish language spoken in the province of Munster.
Edward "Ned" Maddrell (1877 – 27 December 1974) was a fisherman from the Isle of Man who, at the time of his death, was the last surviving native speaker of the Manx language.
Norn is an extinct North Germanic language that was spoken in the Northern Isles (Orkney and Shetland) off the north coast of mainland Scotland and in Caithness in the far north of the Scottish mainland.
The North Channel (known in Irish and Scottish Gaelic as Sruth na Maoile, in Scots as the Sheuch and alternatively in English as the Straits of Moyle or Sea of Moyle) is the strait between north-eastern Northern Ireland and south-western Scotland.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Northern Isles (Northren Isles; Na h-Eileanan a Tuath; Norðreyjar) are a pair of archipelagos off the north coast of mainland Scotland, comprising Orkney and Shetland.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
Ogham (Modern Irish or; ogam) is an Early Medieval alphabet used to write the early Irish language (in the "orthodox" inscriptions, 1st to 6th centuries AD), and later the Old Irish language (scholastic ogham, 6th to 9th centuries).
The Oireachtas, sometimes referred to as Oireachtas Éireann, is the legislature of Ireland.
Ojibwe, also known as Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa, or Otchipwe,R.
Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.
Old Welsh (Hen Gymraeg) is the label attached to the Welsh language from about 800 AD until the early 12th century when it developed into Middle Welsh.
Orkney (Orkneyjar), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
Pictish is the extinct language, or dialect, spoken by the Picts, the people of eastern and northern Scotland from the late Iron Age to the Early Middle Ages.
The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.
A pluricentric language or polycentric language is a language with several interacting codified standard versions, often corresponding to different countries.
Primitive Irish or Archaic Irish (Gaeilge Ársa) is the oldest known form of the Goidelic languages.
The Proto-Celtic language, also called Common Celtic, is the reconstructed ancestor language of all the known Celtic languages.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The High Middle Ages of Scotland encompass Scotland in the era between the death of Domnall II in 900 AD and the death of King Alexander III in 1286, which was an indirect cause of the Scottish Wars of Independence.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
Scots law is the legal system of Scotland.
The Scottish Borders (The Mairches, "The Marches"; Scottish Gaelic: Crìochan na h-Alba) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.
Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.
The Highlands (the Hielands; A’ Ghàidhealtachd, "the place of the Gaels") are a historic region of Scotland.
The Lowlands (the Lallans or the Lawlands; a' Ghalldachd, "the place of the foreigner") are a cultural and historic region of Scotland.
The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.
Seanad Éireann (Senate of Ireland) is the government upper house of the Oireachtas (the Irish legislature), which also comprises the President of Ireland and Dáil Éireann (the lower house).
Shelta (Irish: Seiltis) is a language spoken by Irish Travellers, particularly in Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Shetland (Old Norse: Hjaltland), also called the Shetland Islands, is a subarctic archipelago of Scotland that lies northeast of Great Britain.
Sláinte or slàinte is a word literally translating as "health" in several Gaelic languages and is commonly used as a drinking toast in Ireland and Scotland.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
The Taoiseach (pl. Taoisigh) is the prime minister, chief executive and head of government of Ireland.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
Ulster Irish is the variety of Irish spoken in the province of Ulster.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The University College Isle of Man (UCM) (Colleish Ellan Vannin) is the primary centre for tertiary, vocational education and higher education on the British Crown dependency of the Isle of Man, being located in the Manx capital city of Douglas.
Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
C-Celtic, Gaelic (language), Gaelic language family, Gaelic languages, Gaelic poetry, Gaelic scholar, Gaelic speakers, Gaelic studies, Gaelic(language), Gaelic-language, Gaelic-speakers, Gaelophone, Goedelic languages, Goidelic, Goidelic family, Goidelic language, Goidelic language family, Goidelophone, K-Celtic, List of Goidelic languages.