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Gothic Line

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The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II. [1]

189 relations: Adolf Hitler, Adriatic Sea, Albert Kesselring, Alfredo Guzzoni, Allied Armies in Italy, Allies of World War II, Amphibious warfare, Ancona, Apennine Mountains, Arezzo, Army Group Liguria, Arno, Austria, Axis powers, Barga, Battle of Anzio, Battle of Garfagnana, Battle of Gemmano, Battle of Monte Cassino, Battle of Monte Castello, Battle of Rimini (1944), Battle of San Marino, Battle of the Mareth Line, Bologna, Brazilian Expeditionary Force, Buffalo Soldier, Camaiore, Casemate, Cassino, Cesena, Chief of staff, Cisterna di Latina, Combined Chiefs of Staff, Commander-in-chief, Company (military unit), Conca (river), Defense line, Dudley Russell, Egypt, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), European theatre of World War II, Faenza, Firenzuola, Flanking maneuver, Florence, Foglia, Forced labour under German rule during World War II, Forlì, Fornaci di Barga, French Expeditionary Corps (1943–44), ..., Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin, Gallicano, General (United Kingdom), Generalfeldmarschall, Generalleutnant, Generalmajor, Geoffrey Keyes, Gothic Line order of battle, Grosseto, Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Hazard (golf), Heinrich von Vietinghoff, Hungary, I Canadian Corps, II Corps (Poland), II Corps (United States), Imola, Italian Campaign (World War II), Italian resistance movement, Italian Social Republic, Italy, IV Corps (United States), Joachim Lemelsen, João Baptista Mascarenhas de Morais, John Harding, 1st Baron Harding of Petherton, La Spezia, Lake Trasimeno, Lieutenant general (United States), Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Ligurian Sea, Lucca, Lucian Truscott, LXXVI Panzer Corps, M4 Sherman, Major general (United States), Major-general (United Kingdom), Mark W. Clark, Massarosa, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Military history of Canada during World War II, Military history of Greece during World War II, Monghidoro, Office of Public Sector Information, Oliver Leese, Operation Dragoon, Operation Overlord, Perugia, Pesaro, Pincer movement, Po Valley, Polish Armed Forces in the West, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Province of Lucca, Ravenna, Red Army, Regimental combat team, Richard Goodbody, Richard Heidrich, Richard McCreery, Rimini, Rodolfo Graziani, Rome, Rubicon, San Marino, Savio (river), Second Battle of El Alamein, Second Quebec Conference, Senio, Serchio, Sidney Kirkman, South-East Asian theatre of World War II, Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, Trasimene Line, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Army North, V Corps (United Kingdom), Vergato, Wehrmacht, Wilhelm Crisolli, Willis D. Crittenberger, Winston Churchill, World War II, X Corps (United Kingdom), XIII Corps (United Kingdom), XIV Panzer Corps, 10th Army (Wehrmacht), 10th Indian Infantry Division, 10th Mountain Division, 11th Army Group, 12th Royal Lancers, 14th Army (Wehrmacht), 15th Army Group, 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, 1st (United Kingdom) Division, 1st Armored Division (United States), 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade, 1st Canadian Division, 1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 1st Parachute Division (Germany), 21st Army Tank Brigade, 23rd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 25th Army Tank Brigade, 278th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 27th Lancers, 29th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 2nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays), 2nd New Zealand Division, 337th Infantry Regiment (United States), 34th Infantry Division (United States), 362nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 370th Infantry Regiment (United States), 371st Infantry Regiment (United States), 3rd Carpathian Rifle Division (Poland), 3rd Greek Mountain Brigade, 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 4th Infantry Division (India), 4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 4th Parachute Division (Germany), 56th (London) Infantry Division, 5th Canadian Division, 5th Kresowa Infantry Division, 5th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht), 65th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 6th Armoured Division (South Africa), 6th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 715th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 71st Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41, 85th Infantry Division (United States), 88th Infantry Division (United States), 8th Infantry Division (India), 90th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 91st Division (United States), 92nd Infantry Division (United States), 98th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Expand index (139 more) »

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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Adriatic Sea

The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.

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Albert Kesselring

Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War II.

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Alfredo Guzzoni

Alfredo Guzzoni (12 April 1877 – 15 April 1965) was an Italian military officer who served in both World War I and World War II.

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Allied Armies in Italy

The Allied Armies in Italy (AAI) was the title of the highest Allied field headquarters in Italy, during the middle part of the Italian Campaign of World War II.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Amphibious warfare

Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.

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Ancona

Ancona ((elbow)) is a city and a seaport in the Marche region in central Italy, with a population of around 101,997.

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Apennine Mountains

The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.

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Arezzo

Arezzo is a city and comune in Italy, capital of the province of the same name located in Tuscany.

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Army Group Liguria

Army Group Liguria (Heeresgruppen Ligurien, or LXXXXVII Army) was an army group formed for the National Republican Army (Esercito Nazionale Repubblicano, or ENR).

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Arno

The Arno is a river in the Tuscany region of Italy.

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Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Axis powers

The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.

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Barga

Barga is a medieval town and comune of the province of Lucca in Tuscany, central Italy.

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Battle of Anzio

The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944 (beginning with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle) to June 5, 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome).

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Battle of Garfagnana

The Battle of Garfagnana (Battaglia della Garfagnana), known to the Germans as Operation Winter Storm (Unternehmen Wintergewitter) and nicknamed the "Christmas Offensive" (Italian: Offensiva di Natale), was an offensive of Axis forces on the western sector of the Gothic Line during World War II.

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Battle of Gemmano

The Battle of Gemmano was fought between the German and Allied forces in World War II.

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Battle of Monte Cassino

The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during the Italian Campaign of World War II.

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Battle of Monte Castello

The Battle of Monte Castello (also called Operation Encore) was an engagement that took place from 25 November 1944 to 21 February 1945 during the Italian campaign of World War II.

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Battle of Rimini (1944)

The Battle of Rimini took place between 13 and 21 September 1944 during Operation Olive, the main Allied offensive on the Gothic Line in August and September 1944, part of the Italian Campaign in the Second World War.

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Battle of San Marino

The Battle of San Marino was an engagement on 17–20 September 1944 during the Italian Campaign of the Second World War, in which German Army forces occupied the neutral Republic of San Marino, and were then attacked by Allied forces.

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Battle of the Mareth Line

The Battle of the Mareth Line or the Battle of Mareth was an attack in the Second World War by the British Eighth Army (General Bernard Montgomery) in Tunisia, against the Mareth Line held by the Italo-German 1st Army (General Giovanni Messe).

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Bologna

Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.

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Brazilian Expeditionary Force

The Brazilian Expeditionary Force or BEF (Força Expedicionária Brasileira; FEB) consisted of about 25,700 men arranged by the army and air force to fight alongside the Allied forces in the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II.

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Buffalo Soldier

Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866, at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

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Camaiore

Camaiore is a city and comune of 32,513 inhabitants within the province of Lucca, Tuscany, central-western Italy.

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Casemate

A casemate, sometimes erroneously rendered casement, is a fortified gun emplacement or armored structure from which guns are fired.

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Cassino

Cassino is a comune in the province of Frosinone, central Italy, at the southern end of the region of Lazio, the last City of the Latin Valley.

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Cesena

Cesena (Cisêna) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy, south of Ravenna and west of Rimini, on the Savio River, co-chief of the Province of Forlì-Cesena.

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Chief of staff

The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president or a senior military officer.

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Cisterna di Latina

Cisterna di Latina is a town and comune in the province of Latina in Lazio, of central Italy.

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Combined Chiefs of Staff

The Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) was the supreme military staff for the United States and Great Britain during World War II.

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Commander-in-chief

A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.

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Company (military unit)

A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.

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Conca (river)

The Conca is a river in the Marche and Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy.

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Defense line

Defense line or fortification line is a geographically-recognizable line of troops and armament, fortified and set up to protect a high-value location during an armed conflict.

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Dudley Russell

Lieutenant General Sir Dudley Russell KBE, CB, DSO, MC (1 December 18964 February 1978) was a senior officer of both the British Army and the British Indian Army, and served during World War I and World War II, where he commanded the 8th Indian Infantry Division during the Italian Campaign from late 1943 until the end of the war.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Eighth Army (United Kingdom)

The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.

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European theatre of World War II

The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).

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Faenza

Faenza (Faventia; Fènza or Fẽza) is an Italian city and comune, in the province of Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna, situated southeast of Bologna.

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Firenzuola

Firenzuola is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Florence in the Italian region Tuscany, located about northeast of Florence.

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Flanking maneuver

In military tactics, a flanking maneuver, or flanking manoeuvre is a movement of an armed force around a flank to achieve an advantageous position over an enemy.

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Florence

Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.

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Foglia

The Foglia is the northernmost river of the Marche region of Italy.

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Forced labour under German rule during World War II

The use of forced labour and slavery in Nazi Germany and throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II took place on an unprecedented scale.

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Forlì

Forlì (Furlè; Forum Livii) is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, and is the capital of the province of Forlì-Cesena.

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Fornaci di Barga

Fornaci di Barga is a frazione of Barga in the Province of Lucca, Tuscany, Italy.

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French Expeditionary Corps (1943–44)

The French Expeditionary Corps (Corps Expéditionnaire Français, CEF), also known as the French Expeditionary Corps in Italy (Corps Expéditionaire Français en Italie, CEFI.), was an expeditionary force composed of Free French soldiers that fought in the Italian Campaign during World War II under the command of General Alphonse Juin.

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Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin

Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin (4 September 1891 – 9 January 1963) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Gallicano

Gallicano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Lucca in the Italian region Tuscany, located about northwest of Florence and about northwest of Lucca.

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General (United Kingdom)

General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.

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Generalfeldmarschall

Generalfeldmarschall (general field marshal, field marshal general, or field marshal;; abbreviated to Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states and the Holy Roman Empire; in the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, the rank Feldmarschall was used.

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Generalleutnant

Generalleutnant, short GenLt, (lieutenant general) is the second highest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer) and the German Air Force (Luftwaffe).

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Generalmajor

Generalmajor, short GenMaj, (English: major general) is a general officer rank in many countries, and is identical to and translated as major general.

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Geoffrey Keyes

Lieutenant General Geoffrey T. Keyes (October 30, 1888 – September 17, 1967) was a highly decorated senior United States Army officer who served with distinction in Sicily and Italian Campaign during World War II.

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Gothic Line order of battle

Gothic Line order of battle is a listing of the significant formations that were involved in Operation ''Olive'', the Allied offensive on the Gothic Line in northern Italy, August–September 1944, and in the subsequent fighting in the central Apennine mountains and on the plains of eastern Emilia–Romagna up to April 1945.

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Grosseto

Grosseto is a city and comune in the central Italian region of Tuscany, the capital of the Province of Grosseto.

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Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis

Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction in both the First World War and the Second World War and, afterwards, as Governor General of Canada, the 17th since Canadian Confederation.

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Hazard (golf)

A hazard is an area of a golf course in the sport of golf which provides a difficult obstacle, which may be of two types: (1) water hazards such as lakes and rivers; and (2) man-made hazards such as bunkers.

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Heinrich von Vietinghoff

Heinrich von Vietinghoff (6 December 1887 – 23 February 1952) was a German general (Generaloberst) of the Wehrmacht during World War II.

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Hungary

Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.

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I Canadian Corps

I Canadian Corps was one of the two corps fielded by the Canadian Army during the Second World War.

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II Corps (Poland)

The Polish II Corps (Drugi Korpus Wojska Polskiego), 1943–1947, was a major tactical and operational unit of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.

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II Corps (United States)

The II Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that was active in both World War I and World War II.

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Imola

Imola (Jômla or Jemula) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Bologna, located on the river Santerno, in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.

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Italian Campaign (World War II)

The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.

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Italian resistance movement

The Italian resistance movement (Resistenza italiana or just la Resistenza) is an umbrella term for resistance groups that opposed the occupying German forces and the Italian Fascist puppet regime of the Italian Social Republic during the later years of World War II.

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Italian Social Republic

The Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana,; RSI), informally known as the Republic of Salò (Repubblica di Salò), was a German puppet state with limited recognition that was created during the later part of World War II, existing from the beginning of German occupation of Italy in September 1943 until the surrender of German troops in Italy in May 1945.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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IV Corps (United States)

IV Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.

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Joachim Lemelsen

Joachim Lemelsen (28 September 1888 – 30 March 1954) was a German general during World War II who rose to army-level command.

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João Baptista Mascarenhas de Morais

Marshal João Baptista Mascarenhas de Morais (November 13, 1883 – September 17, 1968) was a Brazilian army officer and commander of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force in the Second World War.

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John Harding, 1st Baron Harding of Petherton

Field Marshal Allan Francis Harding, 1st Baron Harding of Petherton, (10 February 1896 – 20 January 1989), known as John Harding, was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War, served in the Malayan Emergency, and later advised the British government on the response to the Mau Mau Uprising.

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La Spezia

La Spezia (A Spèza in the local dialect of Spezzina), at the head of the Gulf of La Spezia in the southern part of the Liguria region of Northern Italy, is the capital city of the province of La Spezia.

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Lake Trasimeno

Lake Trasimeno (Lago Trasimeno,; Trasumennus; Etruscan Tarśmina), also referred to as Trasimene or Thrasimene in English, is a lake in the province of Perugia, in the Umbria region of Italy.

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Lieutenant general (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.

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Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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Ligurian Sea

The Ligurian Sea (Mar Ligure; Mer Ligurienne) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, between the Italian Riviera (Liguria) and the island of Corsica.

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Lucca

Lucca is a city and comune in Tuscany, Central Italy, on the Serchio, in a fertile plain near the Tyrrhenian Sea.

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Lucian Truscott

General Lucian King Truscott Jr. (January 9, 1895 – September 12, 1965) was a highly decorated senior United States Army officer, who saw distinguished active service during World War II.

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LXXVI Panzer Corps

The LXXVI Panzer Corps (LXXVI Panzerkorps, 76th Armoured Corps) was a panzer corps of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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M4 Sherman

The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.

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Major general (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.

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Major-general (United Kingdom)

Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.

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Mark W. Clark

Mark Wayne Clark (May 1, 1896 – April 17, 1984) was a United States Army officer who saw service during World War I, World War II, and the Korean War.

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Massarosa

Massarosa is a city and comune in the province of Lucca, Tuscany, Italy.

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Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II

The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.

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Military history of Canada during World War II

The military history of Canada during the Second World War begins with the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939.

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Military history of Greece during World War II

The military history of Greece during World War II began on 28 October 1940, when the Italian Army invaded from Albania, beginning the Greco-Italian War.

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Monghidoro

Monghidoro (Medial Mountain Bolognese: Mùnghidôr, also Schirgalèsen; City Bolognese: Dscargalèsen) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Bologna in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, located about south of Bologna.

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Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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Oliver Leese

Lieutenant General Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, 3rd Baronet, (27 October 1894 – 22 January 1978) was a senior British Army officer who saw distinguished active service during both the world wars.

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Operation Dragoon

Operation Dragoon (initially Operation Anvil) was the code name for the Allied invasion of Southern France on 15August 1944.

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Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.

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Perugia

Perugia (Perusia) is the capital city of both the region of Umbria in central Italy, crossed by the river Tiber, and of the province of Perugia.

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Pesaro

Pesaro is a town and comune in the Italian region of the Marche, capital of the Pesaro e Urbino province, on the Adriatic.

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Pincer movement

The pincer movement, or double envelopment, is a military maneuver in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation.

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Po Valley

The Po Valley, Po Plain, Plain of the Po, or Padan Plain (Pianura Padana, or Val Padana) is a major geographical feature of Northern Italy.

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Polish Armed Forces in the West

The Polish Armed Forces in the West refers to the Polish military formations formed to fight alongside the Western Allies against Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.

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Province of Lucca

The Province of Lucca (Provincia di Lucca) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy.

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Ravenna

Ravenna (also locally; Ravèna) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.

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Red Army

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

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Regimental combat team

A regimental combat team (RCT) is a provisional major infantry unit of the United States Marine Corps to the present day and of the United States Army during World War II and the Korean War.

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Richard Goodbody

General Sir Richard Wakefield Goodbody (12 April 1903 – 29 April 1981) was a senior British Army officer and a former Adjutant-General to the Forces.

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Richard Heidrich

Richard Heidrich (27 July 1896 – 22 December 1947) was a German paratroop general during World War II.

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Richard McCreery

General Sir Richard Loudon McCreery (1 February 1898 – 18 October 1967), was a career soldier of the British Army, who was decorated for leading one of the last cavalry actions in the First World War.

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Rimini

Rimini (Rémin; Ariminum) is a city of about 150,000 inhabitants in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini.

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Rodolfo Graziani

Marshal Rodolfo Graziani, 1st Marquis of Neghelli (11 August 1882 – 11 January 1955), was a prominent Italian military officer in the Kingdom of Italy's Regio Esercito (Royal Army), primarily noted for his campaigns in Africa before and during World War II.

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Rome

Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

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Rubicon

The Rubicon (Rubicō, Rubicone) is a shallow river in northeastern Italy, just south of Ravenna.

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San Marino

San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino (Repubblica di San Marino), also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains.

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Savio (river)

The Savio is a river in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.

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Second Battle of El Alamein

The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.

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Second Quebec Conference

The Second Quebec Conference (codenamed "OCTAGON") was a high-level military conference held during World War II by the British and American governments.

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Senio

The Senio is a river of Romagna in Italy, the final right-sided tributary of the river Reno.

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Serchio

Serchio (in antiquity the Auser) is the third longest river in the Italian region of Tuscany at, coming after the Arno at and the Ombrone,.

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Sidney Kirkman

General Sir Sidney Chevalier Kirkman, (29 July 1895 – 29 October 1982) was a British Army officer, who served in both the First World War and Second World War.

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South-East Asian theatre of World War II

The South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was the name given to the campaigns of the Pacific War in Burma, Ceylon, India, Thailand, Philippines, Indochina, Malaya and Singapore.

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Spring 1945 offensive in Italy

The spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.

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Trasimene Line

The Trasimene Line (so-named for Lake Trasimene, the site of a major battle of the Second Punic War in 217 BCE) was a German defensive line during the Italian Campaign of World War II.

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United States Army Center of Military History

The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.

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United States Army North

The United States Army North is a formation of the United States Army Service Component Command of United States Northern Command.

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V Corps (United Kingdom)

V Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.

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Vergato

Vergato (Medial Mountain Bolognese: Vargà or Varghè) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Bologna in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about southwest of Bologna.

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Wehrmacht

The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".

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Wilhelm Crisolli

Wilhelm Crisolli (20 January 1895 – 12 September 1944) was a German general in the Wehrmacht in World War II who commanded several divisions.

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Willis D. Crittenberger

Lieutenant General Willis Dale Crittenberger (December 2, 1890 – August 4, 1980) was a senior officer of the United States Army.

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Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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X Corps (United Kingdom)

X Corps was a corps of the British Army that served in the First World War on the Western Front before being disbanded in 1919.

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XIII Corps (United Kingdom)

XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.

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XIV Panzer Corps

XIV Panzer Corps (also: XIV Army Corps or XIV. Armeekorps) was a corps-level formation of the German Army which saw extensive action on both the Eastern Front and Italian Campaign.

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10th Army (Wehrmacht)

The 10th Army (German: 10. Armee) was a World War II field army of Wehrmacht (Germany).

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10th Indian Infantry Division

The 10th Indian Infantry Division was a war formed infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.

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10th Mountain Division

The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division in the United States Army based at Fort Drum, New York.

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11th Army Group

The 11th Army Group was the main British Army force in Southeast Asia during the Second World War.

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12th Royal Lancers

The 12th (Prince of Wales's) Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army first formed in 1715.

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14th Army (Wehrmacht)

The 14th Army (14.) was a World War II field army of the German Army.

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15th Army Group

The 15th Army Group was an Army Group consisted by the British Eighth and the U.S. Fifth Armies, which apart troops from British Empire and U.S.A., also had whole units from other allied countries/regions; like 2 of their Corps (from free France and Poland), 1 Division (from Brazil) and 7 Brigades (6 Italians and one Greek), besides supporting and being supported by the local Italian partisans.

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16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS

The 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division "Reichsführer-SS" (16.) was a motorised formation in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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1st (United Kingdom) Division

The 1st (United Kingdom) Division, formerly known as the 1st Armoured Division, is a division of the British Army, currently the only British division to be stationed in Germany.

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1st Armored Division (United States)

The 1st Armored Division—nicknamed "Old Ironsides"—is a combined arms division of the United States Army.

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1st Canadian Armoured Brigade

The 1st Canadian Army Tank Brigade, later known as 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade, was an armoured brigade of the Canadian Army, raised during the Second World War.

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1st Canadian Division

The 1st Canadian Division is an operational command and control formation of the Canadian Joint Operations Command, based at CFB Kingston.

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1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 1st Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army with a very long history.

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1st Parachute Division (Germany)

The 1st Parachute Division (1.) was an elite German military parachute-landing division that fought during World War II.

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21st Army Tank Brigade

The 21st Army Tank Brigade was an armoured brigade formation of the British Army active during World War II.

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23rd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The German 23rd Infantry Division was a military unit operational during World War II.

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25th Army Tank Brigade

The 25th Army Tank Brigade was an armoured brigade formation of the British Army that was active before and during World War II.

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278th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

Formed in 1940 from older personnel, the first 278th never saw combat and was dissolved after the fall to France.

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27th Lancers

The 27th Lancers was a British Army cavalry regiment from 1941 to 1945.

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29th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 29th Infantry Division was a unit of the German army created in the fall of 1936.

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2nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 2nd Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army, part of the pre-war Regular Army, during the Second World War, originally titled 2nd Light Armoured Brigade.

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2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays)

The 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays) was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.

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2nd New Zealand Division

The 2nd New Zealand Division, initially the New Zealand Division, was an infantry division of the New Zealand Military Forces (New Zealand's army) during the Second World War.

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337th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 337th Infantry Regiment was a National Army Infantry Regiment first organized for service in World War I as part of the 85th Infantry Division in Europe.

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34th Infantry Division (United States)

The 34th Infantry Division is an infantry division of the United States Army, part of the National Guard, that participated in World War I, World War II and multiple current conflicts.

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362nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 362nd Infantry Division (362.) was an infantry division of the German Army during the Second World War, active from 1943 to 1945.

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370th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 370th Infantry Regiment was the designation for one of the infantry regiments of the 93rd (Provisional) Infantry Division in World War I. In World War II, the regiment was part of the 92nd Infantry Division.

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371st Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 371st Infantry Regiment was a segregated African American regiment, nominally a part of the 93rd Division, that served in World War I under French Army command, and also in World War II in the Italian Campaign as part of the 92nd Infantry Division (Colored).

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3rd Carpathian Rifle Division (Poland)

The 3rd Carpathian Rifle Division (3 Dywizja Strzelców Karpackich, sometimes translated as 3rd Carpathian Infantry Division), also commonly known as Christmas Tree Division due to the characteristic emblem, was an infantry division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West that fought during World War II on the Italian Front.

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3rd Greek Mountain Brigade

The 3rd Greek Mountain Brigade (ΙΙΙ Ελληνική Ορεινή Ταξιαρχία, ΙΙΙ Ε.Ο.Τ.) was a unit of mountain infantry formed by the Greek government in exile in Egypt during World War II.

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46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece.

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4th Infantry Division (India)

The 4th Indian Infantry Division, also known as the Red Eagle Division, is the infantry division name the Indian Army retained after the present India adopted its entire rank and structure from its parent Army, the British Army.

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4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 4th Infantry Division was a regular infantry division of the British Army with a very long history, seeing active service in the Peninsular War, the Crimean War, the First World War, and during the Second World War.

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4th Parachute Division (Germany)

The 4th Parachute Division, (4.), was a divisional-sized elite formation in the Luftwaffe during World War II.

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56th (London) Infantry Division

The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.

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5th Canadian Division

The 5th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.

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5th Kresowa Infantry Division

The Polish 5th Kresowa Infantry Division (5 Kresowa Dywizja Piechoty) was an infantry division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.

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5th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht)

The 5th Mountain Division (5.) was established in the Austrian Tirol in October 1940, out of regiments taken from the 1st Mountain Division and the 10th Infantry Division.

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65th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 65th Infantry Division (65.) was a German division in World War II.

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6th Armoured Division (South Africa)

The 6th South African Armoured Division was the second armoured division of the South African Army and was formed during World War II.

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6th Armoured Division (United Kingdom)

The 6th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army, created in September 1940 during the Second World War.

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715th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 715th Infantry Division was a German infantry division which fought during World War II.

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71st Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 71st Infantry Division Kleeblatt ("Cloverleaf", "Happy One") (71.) was an infantry division of the German Army, raised in August 1939, shortly before the outbreak of World War II.

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78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 78th Infantry Division, also known as the Battleaxe Division, was an infantry division of the British Army, raised during World War II that fought, with great distinction, in Tunisia, Sicily and Italy from late 1942–1945.

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7th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 7th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade formation of the British Army.

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8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41

The 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 is a German 88 mm anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II.

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85th Infantry Division (United States)

The 85th Infantry Division also known as "Custer Division" (named after the cavalry commander George Armstrong Custer) was an infantry division of the United States Army in World War I and World War II.

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88th Infantry Division (United States)

The 88th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.

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8th Infantry Division (India)

The 8th Mountain Division was raised as the 8th Indian Infantry division of the British Indian Army.

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90th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 90th Light Infantry Division was a light infantry division of the German Army during World War II that served in North Africa as well as Sardinia and Italy.

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91st Division (United States)

The 91st Infantry Division (famously nicknamed as the "Wild West Division" with a "Fir Tree" as its Division insignia to symbolize its traditional home of the Far West) was an infantry division of the United States Army that fought in World War I and World War II.

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92nd Infantry Division (United States)

The 92nd Infantry Division (92nd Division, WWI) was a segregated infantry division of the United States Army that served in both World War I and World War II.

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98th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 98th Infantry Division (98.) was created on 18 September 1939 in Grafenwöhr.

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9th Queen's Royal Lancers

The 9th Queen's Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1715.

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Redirects here:

Battle of Coriano, Gothic line, Green Line (Italy), Linea Gotica, Operation Olive, Rimini Line.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothic_Line

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