342 relations: Abbotsford House, Abney Park Cemetery, Alexandre de Laborde, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, American Gothic, Anglicanism, Anglo-Catholicism, Antiquarian, Antoni Gaudí, Architectural drawing, Architectural style, Arcisse de Caumont, Arnolfo di Cambio, Art history, Art Nouveau, Arts and Crafts movement, Augustus Pugin, Avignon, Baku, Balmoral Castle, Baroque, Baroque architecture, Basilica of Our Lady Immaculate, Basilica of Our Lady of Luján, Basilica of St Denis, Battlement, Batty Langley, Batumi, Batumi Cathedral of the Mother of God, Bell tower, Benjamin Bucknall, Benjamin Mountfort, Bologna, Boston College, Bourbon Restoration, Brabantine Gothic, Breccia, Brick Gothic, Bryn Mawr College, Budapest, Buenos Aires Province, Bulgaria, Bulgarian National Revival, Calvert Vaux, Cambridge, Cambridge Camden Society, Canadian Museum of Nature, Canterbury, New Zealand, Carcassonne, Carlo Rainaldi, ..., Carpenter Gothic, Cass Gilbert, Cathedral of La Plata, Cathedral of Learning, Cathedral of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Zamora, Cathedral of Petrópolis, Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, Catholic Church, Central Park, Chapelle royale de Dreux, Charles Barry, Charles Donagh Maginnis, Charles Eastlake, Charles Klauder, Château de Pierrefonds, Château de Roquetaillade, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station, Christ Church Cathedral (Hartford, Connecticut), Christ Church, Oxford, Christopher Wren, Church of St. Ludmila, Church of the Saviour, Baku, Clovis I, Cockburn Street, Edinburgh, Collegiate Gothic, Cologne Cathedral, Commissioners' church, Compression member, Connaught Building, Conservatism, Cope and Stewardson, Corbel, Croatia, Crow-stepped gable, Crown (British coin), Culzean Castle, David Bryce, David Ewart, Doge's Palace, Dunedin, Dunedin Law Courts, Dutch East Indies, Edward Blore, Edward Calvert (architect), Eldon, Iowa, Elevator, Emilio De Fabris, Encyclopædia Britannica, English Gothic architecture, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, Evangelicalism, Félix Duban, Federal architecture, Finial, Fishers, Indiana, Florence, Florence Cathedral, Florin (British coin), Flying buttress, Fonthill Abbey, Framing (construction), Franz Christian Gau, Frederick de Jersey Clere, Frederick Thatcher, Frederick Thomas Pilkington, French landscape garden, French Revolution, George Edmund Street, George Frederick Bodley, George Gilbert Scott, George IV of the United Kingdom, Georgian architecture, German literature, German Romanticism, Giles Gilbert Scott, Gothic architecture, Gothic fiction, Gothic Revival architecture in Canada, Grant Wood, Great Council of Mechelen, Guadalajara, Guarino Guarini, Gustave Eiffel, Harry Stuart Goodhart-Rendel, Henrietta Louisa Fermor, Henry VII Chapel, High church, Hood mould, Horace Walpole, Hungarian Parliament Building, Iași, Idylls of the King, Incandescent light bulb, Industrialisation, Inveraray Castle, Irish bardic poetry, Ithiel Town, Jakarta, James Gamble Rogers, James Wyatt, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Campbell (architect), John Ruskin, John Rylands Library, John Soane, John Summerson, Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Kőszeg, Keble College, Oxford, Kenneth Clark, Kiev, King Arthur, La Plata, Lafayette, Indiana, Lancet window, Larnach Castle, León, Guanajuato, Leopold II of Belgium, Liberalism, Liverpool Cathedral, Load-bearing wall, Lopushna Monastery, Louis Philippe I, Low church, Machicolation, Magnificent Seven cemeteries, Manchester Town Hall, Manila, Manufacture nationale de Sèvres, Maxwell Bury, Mechelen, Medievalism, Mellerstain House, Michoacán, Middle Ages, Modern architecture, Modernism, Monarchism, Mont Saint-Michel, Montreal, Mosaic, Mumbai, Narthex, Neoclassical architecture, Nicholas Hawksmoor, Nikolaus Pevsner, Norman architecture, Notre-Dame Basilica (Montreal), Notre-Dame de Paris, Oamaru stone, Old St. Paul's, Wellington, Ontario, Osijek, Osijek Co-cathedral, Ossian, Ostend, Otago Gold Rush, Ottawa, Oxford, Oxford Movement, Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Palace of Culture (Iași), Palace of Westminster, Palais des Papes, Palladian architecture, Parliament Hill, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Peterhouse, Cambridge, Petrópolis, Picturesque, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Prague, Princeton University, Princeton University Graduate College, Proof coinage, Prosper Mérimée, Quebec, Ralph Adams Cram, Raymond Hood, Reformation, Regensburg Cathedral, Republicanism, Revivalism (architecture), Rib vault, Ritualism in the Church of England, Robert Adam, Robert Lorimer, Rococo, Romantic nationalism, Romanticism, Rombout II Keldermans, Royal Canadian Mint, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Rundell and Bridge, Sacred Heart Church (Kőszeg, Hungary), Sagrada Família, Saint George's Church, Gavril Genovo, Saint Lawrence River, Saint Petersburg, Saint-Eustache, Paris, Sainte-Chapelle, Sainte-Clotilde, Paris, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Temple, San Petronio Basilica, San Sebastian Church (Manila), Santiago, São Paulo, São Paulo Cathedral, Scottish baronial architecture, Scroll saw, Sens Cathedral, Seton Palace, Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk, Slade Professor of Fine Art, Spire, St Edmundsbury Cathedral, St Luke's Church, Chelsea, St Mark's Church, Royal Tunbridge Wells, St Mary of the Angels, Wellington, St Pancras railway station, St Paul's Cathedral, Melbourne, St. Mary of the Assumption Cathedral, Jakarta, St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Cathedral, Kiev, St. Pancras Renaissance London Hotel, St. Patrick's Basilica, Montreal, St. Paul's Episcopal Church (Troy, New York), St. Vitus Cathedral, Steel frame, Strawberry Hill House, Templo Expiatorio del Santísimo Sacramento, Théodore Ballu, The Castle of Otranto, The Crystal Palace, The Great Exhibition, The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, The Seven Lamps of Architecture, The Stones of Venice (book), Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Chippendale, Thomas Graham Jackson, Thomas Rickman, Tom Tower, Tower Bridge, Trap rock, Tribune Tower, Trinity Church on the Green, Turin, Turret, Ulm Minster, University of Cambridge, University of Otago Registry Building, University of Oxford, University of Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh, University of Toronto, Utah, Vajdahunyad Castle, Vault (architecture), Vézelay, Venice, Victor Hugo, Victoria and Albert Museum, Victorian era, Victorian restoration, Victorian Society, Vienna, Votivkirche, Vienna, Wabi-sabi, Wallace Monument, Wallpaper, Walter Scott, War of 1812, Washington National Cathedral, Washington University in St. Louis, Washington, D.C., Wedderburn Castle, West Norwood Cemetery, Westminster Abbey, William Adam (architect), William Burges, William Burn, William Butterfield, William Hosking, William Tite, Window, Windsor Castle, Woodchester Mansion, Woolworth Building, Wrocław, Wrocław Główny railway station, Yale University. 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Abbotsford is a historic country house in the Scottish Borders, near Melrose, on the south bank of the River Tweed.
Abney Park cemetery is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries in London, England.
Comte Louis-Joseph-Alexandre de Laborde (17 September 1773 – 20 October 1842) was a French antiquary, liberal politician and writer, a member of the Académie des Sciences morales et politiques (1832), under the rubric political economy.
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.
American Gothic is a painting by Grant Wood in the collection of the Art Institute of Chicago.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
The terms Anglo-Catholicism, Anglican Catholicism, and Catholic Anglicanism refer to people, beliefs and practices within Anglicanism that emphasise the Catholic heritage and identity of the various Anglican churches.
An antiquarian or antiquary (from the Latin: antiquarius, meaning pertaining to ancient times) is an aficionado or student of antiquities or things of the past.
Antoni Gaudí i Cornet (25 June 1852 – 10 June 1926) was a Spanish architect from Catalonia.
An architectural drawing or architect's drawing is a technical drawing of a building (or building project) that falls within the definition of architecture.
An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable.
Arcisse de Caumont (20 August 1801, Bayeux – 16 April 1873) was a French historian and archaeologist.
Arnolfo di Cambio (c. 1240 – 1300/1310) was an Italian architect and sculptor.
Art history is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts; that is genre, design, format, and style.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.
The Arts and Crafts movement was an international movement in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain and flourished in Europe and North America between about 1880 and 1920, emerging in Japan (the Mingei movement) in the 1920s.
Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (1 March 181214 September 1852) was an English architect, designer, artist, and critic who is principally remembered for his pioneering role in the Gothic Revival style of architecture.
Avignon (Avenio; Provençal: Avignoun, Avinhon) is a commune in south-eastern France in the department of Vaucluse on the left bank of the Rhône river.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
Balmoral Castle is a large estate house in Royal Deeside, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, near the village of Crathie, west of Ballater and east of Braemar.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
Basilica of Our Lady Immaculate is a Roman Catholic minor basilica and parish church in Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
The Minor Basilica of Our Lady of Luján (Basílica Menor de Nuestra Señora de Luján) is a Roman Catholic church building in Luján, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The Basilica of Saint Denis (Basilique royale de Saint-Denis, or simply Basilique Saint-Denis) is a large medieval abbey church in the city of Saint-Denis, now a northern suburb of Paris.
A battlement in defensive architecture, such as that of city walls or castles, comprises a parapet (i.e., a defensive low wall between chest-height and head-height), in which gaps or indentations, which are often rectangular, occur at intervals to allow for the launch of arrows or other projectiles from within the defences.
Batty Langley (baptised 14 September 1696 – 3 March 1751) was an English garden designer, and prolific writer who produced a number of engraved designs for "Gothick" structures, summerhouses and garden seats in the years before the mid-18th century.
Batumi (ბათუმი) is the second-largest city of Georgia, located on the coast of the Black Sea in the country's southwest.
The Church of the Mother of God (ბათუმის ღვთისმშობლის სახელობის ეკლესია, batumis ghvtismshoblis sakhelobis eklesia) in Batumi is a Georgian Orthodox cathedral, originally built as a Catholic church early in the 1900s.
A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells even if it has none.
Benjamin Bucknall (1833–16 November 1895) was an English architect of the Gothic Revival in Southwest England and South Wales, and then of neo-Moorish architecture in Algeria.
Benjamin Woolfield Mountfort (13 March 1825 – 15 March 1898) was an English emigrant to New Zealand, where he became one of that country's most prominent 19th-century architects.
Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.
Boston College (also referred to as BC) is a private Jesuit Catholic research university located in the affluent village of Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States, west of downtown Boston.
The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the fall of Napoleon in 1814 until the July Revolution of 1830.
Brabantine Gothic, occasionally called Brabantian Gothic, is a significant variant of Gothic architecture that is typical for the Low Countries.
Breccia is a rock composed of broken fragments of minerals or rock cemented together by a fine-grained matrix that can be similar to or different from the composition of the fragments.
Brick Gothic (Backsteingotik, Gotyk ceglany, Baksteengotiek) is a specific style of Gothic architecture common in Northwest and Central Europe especially in the regions in and around the Baltic Sea, which do not have resources of standing rock, but in many places a lot of glacial boulders.
Bryn Mawr College (Welsh) is a women's liberal arts college in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buenos Aires (Provincia de Buenos Aires; English: "good airs") is the largest and most populous Argentinian province.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Bulgarian National Revival (Българско национално възраждане, Balgarsko natsionalno vazrazhdane or simply: Възраждане, Vazrazhdane), sometimes called the Bulgarian Renaissance, was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people under Ottoman rule.
Calvert Vaux (December 20, 1824 – November 19, 1895) was a British-American architect and landscape designer.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
The Cambridge Camden Society, known from 1845 (when it moved to London) as the Ecclesiological Society,,. was a learned architectural society founded in 1839 by undergraduate students at Cambridge University to promote "the study of Gothic Architecture, and of Ecclesiastical Antiques." Its activities would come to include publishing a monthly journal, The Ecclesiologist, advising church builders on their blueprints, and advocating a return to a medieval style of church architecture in England.
The Canadian Museum of Nature (Musée canadien de la nature), formerly called the National Museum of Natural Sciences, official website.
Canterbury (Waitaha) is a region of New Zealand, located in the central-eastern South Island.
Carcassonne (Carcaso) is a French fortified city in the department of Aude, in the region of Occitanie.
Façade of Santa Maria in Campitelli. Carlo Rainaldi (4 May 1611 – 8 February 1691) was an Italian architect of the Baroque period.
Carpenter Gothic, also sometimes called Carpenter's Gothic, and Rural Gothic, is a North American architectural style-designation for an application of Gothic Revival architectural detailing and picturesque massing applied to wooden structures built by house-carpenters.
Cass Gilbert (November 24, 1859 – May 17, 1934) was a prominent American architect.
The Cathedral of La Plata in La Plata, Argentina, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception, is the 58th tallest church in the world.
The Cathedral of Learning, a Pittsburgh landmark listed in the National Register of Historic Places, is the centerpiece of the University of Pittsburgh's main campus in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Cathedral of Our Lady of Guadalupe is a gothic revival Catholic cathedral located in Zamora, Michoacán, Mexico.
The Cathedral of Saint Peter of Alcantara (Catedral de São Pedro de Alcântara), also known as the Cathedral of Petrópolis, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Petrópolis, Brazil, dedicated to the country's patron saint, Peter of Alcantara.
The Cathedral of Saint John the Divine is the cathedral of the Episcopal Diocese of New York.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City.
The Royal Chapel of Dreux (Chapelle royale de Dreux) situated in Dreux, France, is the traditional burial place of members of the House of Orléans.
Sir Charles Barry (23 May 1795 – 12 May 1860) was an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster (also known as the Houses of Parliament) in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens.
Charles Donagh Maginnis (January 7, 1867 – February 15, 1955) was an Irish architect.
Charles Locke Eastlake (11 March 1836 – 20 November 1906) was a British architect and furniture designer.
Charles Zeller Klauder (February 9, 1872 – October 30, 1938) was an American architect best known for his work on university buildings and campus designs, especially his Cathedral of Learning at the University of Pittsburgh, the first educational skyscraper.
The Château de Pierrefonds is a castle situated in the commune of Pierrefonds in the Oise département (Picardy) of France.
The Château de Roquetaillade is a castle in Mazères (near Bordeaux), in the French département of Gironde.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) formerly known as Victoria Terminus is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways.
Christ Church Cathedral is a historic church at 955 Main Street in downtown Hartford, Connecticut.
Christ Church (Ædes Christi, the temple or house, ædēs, of Christ, and thus sometimes known as "The House") is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.
The Church of St.
The Church of the Saviour (Xilaskar kilsəsi; Erlöserkirche, also known as the kirkha, from the German word "Kirche") is a Lutheran church in Baku, Azerbaijan (28 May Street), built with donations by parishioner Adolf Eichler and consecrated on March 14, 1899.
Clovis (Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish: *Hlōdowig; 466 – 27 November 511) was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs.
Cockburn Street is a picturesque street in Edinburgh's Old Town, created as a serpentine link from the Royal Mile to Waverley Station in 1856.
Collegiate Gothic is an architectural style subgenre of Gothic Revival architecture, popular in the late-19th and early-20th centuries for college and high school buildings in the United States and Canada, and to a certain extent Europe.
Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche Sankt Petrus, English: Cathedral Church of Saint Peter) is a Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Northrhine-Westfalia, Germany.
A Commissioners' church, also known as a Waterloo church and Million Act church, is an Anglican church in the United Kingdom built with money voted by Parliament as a result of the Church Building Acts of 1818 and 1824.
Compression members are structural elements that are pushed together or carry a load, more technically they are subjected only to axial compressive forces.
The Connaught Building is a historic office building in Ottawa, Canada, owned by Public Services and Procurement Canada.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
Cope and Stewardson (1885–1912) was a Philadelphia architecture firm founded by Walter Cope and John Stewardson, and best known for its Collegiate Gothic building and campus designs.
In architecture a corbel is a structural piece of stone, wood or metal jutting from a wall to carry a superincumbent weight, a type of bracket.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
A crow-stepped gable, stepped gable, or corbie step is a stairstep type of design at the top of the triangular gable-end of a building.
The British crown, the successor to the English crown and the Scottish dollar, came into being with the Union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1707.
Culzean Castle (see yogh; Cullain) is a castle overlooking the Firth of Clyde, near Maybole, Carrick, on the Ayrshire coast of Scotland.
David Bryce FRSE FRIBA RSA (3 April 1803 – 7 May 1876) was a Scottish architect.
David Ewart (18 February 1841 – 6 June 1921) was a Canadian architect who served as Chief Dominion Architect from 1896 to 1914.
The Doge's Palace (Palazzo Ducale; Pałaso Dogal) is a palace built in Venetian Gothic style, and one of the main landmarks of the city of Venice in northern Italy.
Dunedin (Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region.
The Dunedin Law Courts is a notable historic building in central Dunedin in the South Island of New Zealand.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
Edward Blore (13 September 1787 – 4 September 1879) was a 19th-century (Victorian and pre-Victorian) British landscape and architectural artist, architect and antiquary.
Edward Calvert (March 1847 – 26 June 1914) was a British domestic architect.
Eldon is a city in Wapello County, Iowa, United States.
An elevator (US and Canada) or lift (UK, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa, Nigeria) is a type of vertical transportation that moves people or goods between floors (levels, decks) of a building, vessel, or other structure.
Emilio De Fabris (28 October 1808 – 3 June 1883) was an Italian architect best known for his design of the west facade of Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
English Gothic is an architectural style originating in France, before then flourishing in England from about 1180 until about 1520.
Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (27 January 1814 – 17 September 1879) was a French architect and author who restored many prominent medieval landmarks in France, including those which had been damaged or abandoned during the French Revolution.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
Jacques Félix Duban (14 October 1798, Paris – 8 October 1870, Bordeaux) was a French architect, the contemporary of Jacques Ignace Hittorff and Henri Labrouste.
Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the newly founded United States between c. 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815.
A finial or hip-knob is an element marking the top or end of some object, often formed to be a decorative feature.
Fishers is a city in Fall Creek and Delaware townships, Hamilton County, Indiana, United States.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore (in English "Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower") is the cathedral of Florence, Italy, or Il Duomo di Firenze, in Italian.
The British florin, or two shilling coin, was issued from 1849 until 1967, with a final issue for collectors dated 1970.
The flying buttress (arc-boutant, arch buttress) is a specific form of buttress composed of an arched structure that extends from the upper portion of a wall to a pier of great mass, in order to convey to the ground the lateral forces that push a wall outwards, which are forces that arise from vaulted ceilings of stone and from wind-loading on roofs.
Fonthill Abbey—also known as Beckford's Folly—was a large Gothic revival country house built between 1796 and 1813 at Fonthill Gifford in Wiltshire, England, at the direction of William Thomas Beckford and architect James Wyatt.
Framing, in construction, is the fitting together of pieces to give a structure support and shape.
Franz Christian Gau (b. Cologne, 15 June 1790; d. Paris, January, 1854) was a German architect and archaeologist.
Frederick de Jersey Clere (7 January 1856 – 13 August 1952) was an architect in Wellington, New Zealand.
The Reverend Frederick Thatcher (1814 – 19 October 1890) was an English and New Zealand architect and clergyman.
Frederick Thomas Pilkington (1832 – 18 September 1898) was a Scottish architect, practising in the Victorian High Gothic revival style.
The French landscape garden (jardin paysager, jardin a l'anglaise, jardin pittoresque, jardin anglo-chinois) is a style of garden inspired by idealized romantic landscapes and the paintings of Hubert Robert, Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin, European ideas about Chinese gardens, and the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
George Edmund Street (20 June 1824 – 18 December 1881), also known as G. E. Street, was an English architect, born at Woodford in Essex.
George Frederick Bodley (14 March 182721 October 1907) was an English Gothic Revival architect.
Sir George Gilbert Scott (13 July 1811 – 27 March 1878), styled Sir Gilbert Scott, was a prolific English Gothic revival architect, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals, although he started his career as a leading designer of workhouses.
George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.
Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830.
German literature comprises those literary texts written in the German language.
German Romanticism was the dominant intellectual movement of German-speaking countries in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, influencing philosophy, aesthetics, literature and criticism.
Sir Giles Gilbert Scott (9 November 1880 – 8 February 1960) was an English architect known for his work on Liverpool Cathedral, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, Cambridge University Library, Waterloo Bridge and Battersea Power Station and designing the iconic red telephone box.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Gothic fiction, which is largely known by the subgenre of Gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature and film that combines fiction and horror, death, and at times romance.
Gothic Revival architecture in Canada is an historically influential style, with many prominent examples.
Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942) was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, which has become an iconic painting of the 20th century.
From the 15th century onwards, the Great Council of the Netherlands at Mechelen (Dutch: De Grote Raad der Nederlanden te Mechelen; French: le grand conseil des Pays-Bas à Malines; German: der Grosse Rat der Niederlände zu Mecheln) was the highest court in the Burgundian Netherlands.
Guadalajara is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Jalisco, and the seat of the municipality of Guadalajara.
The Carignano Palace in Turin. Camillo-Guarino Guarini (17 January 1624 – 6 March 1683) was an Italian architect of the Piedmontese Baroque, active in Turin as well as Sicily, France, and Portugal.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 183227 December 1923) was a French civil engineer.
Harry Stuart Goodhart-Rendel (1887, Cambridge – 1959, Westminster, London) was an English architect, writer and musician.
Henrietta Louisa Fermor, Countess of Pomfret (née Jeffreys; 15 November 1698 – 15 December 1761), was an English letter writer.
The Henry VII Lady Chapel, now more often known just as the Henry VII Chapel, is a large Lady chapel at the far eastern end of Westminster Abbey, paid for by the will of Henry VII.
The term "high church" refers to beliefs and practices of ecclesiology, liturgy, and theology, generally with an emphasis on formality and resistance to "modernisation." Although used in connection with various Christian traditions, the term originated in and has been principally associated with the Anglican/Episcopal tradition, where it describes Anglican churches using a number of ritual practices associated in the popular mind with Roman Catholicism.
In architecture, a hood mould, label mould (from Latin labia, lip), drip mould or dripstone, is an external moulded projection from a wall over an opening to throw off rainwater.
Horatio Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford (24 September 1717 – 2 March 1797), also known as Horace Walpole, was an English art historian, man of letters, antiquarian and Whig politician.
The Hungarian Parliament Building (Országház,, which translates to House of the Country or House of the Nation), also known as the Parliament of Budapest after its location, is the seat of the National Assembly of Hungary, a notable landmark of Hungary and a popular tourist destination in Budapest.
Iași (also referred to as Jassy or Iassy) is the second-largest city in Romania, after the national capital Bucharest, and the seat of Iași County.
Idylls of the King, published between 1859 and 1885, is a cycle of twelve narrative poems by the English poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809–1892; Poet Laureate from 1850) which retells the legend of King Arthur, his knights, his love for Guinevere and her tragic betrayal of him, and the rise and fall of Arthur's kingdom.
An incandescent light bulb, incandescent lamp or incandescent light globe is an electric light with a wire filament heated to such a high temperature that it glows with visible light (incandescence).
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
Inveraray Castle (Scottish Gaelic Caisteal Inbhir Aora, pronounced) is a country house near Inveraray in the county of Argyll, in western Scotland, on the shore of Loch Fyne, Scotland’s longest sea loch.
Bardic Poetry is the writings produced by a class of poets trained in the Bardic Schools of Ireland and the Gaelic parts of Scotland, as they existed down to about the middle of the 17th century or, in Scotland, the early 18th century.
Ithiel Town (October 3, 1784 – June 13, 1844) was a prominent American architect and civil engineer.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
James Gamble Rogers (March 3, 1867 — October 1, 1947) was an American architect.
James Wyatt (3 August 1746 – 4 September 1813) was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style and neo-Gothic style.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
John Campbell (4 July 1857 – 4 August 1942) was a Scottish architect, responsible for many government buildings in New Zealand.
John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.
The John Rylands Library is a late-Victorian neo-Gothic building on Deansgate in Manchester, England.
Sir John Soane (né Soan; 10 September 1753 – 20 January 1837) was an English architect who specialised in the Neo-Classical style.
Sir John Newenham Summerson (25 November 1904 – 10 November 1992) was one of the leading British architectural historians of the 20th century.
Karl Friedrich Schinkel (13 March 1781 – 9 October 1841) was a Prussian architect, city planner, and painter who also designed furniture and stage sets.
Kőszeg (Güns, Prekmurje dialect: Küseg, Slovak: Kysak, Kiseg, Kiseg) is a town in Vas county, Hungary.
Keble College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Kenneth Mackenzie Clark, Baron Clark (13 July 1903 – 21 May 1983) was a British art historian, museum director, and broadcaster.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries.
La Plata is the capital city of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.
Lafayette (or lah-fee-YET) is a city in and the county seat of Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States, located northwest of Indianapolis and southeast of Chicago.
A lancet window is a tall, narrow window with a pointed arch at its top.
Larnach Castle (also referred to as "Larnach's Castle"), is a mock castle on the ridge of the Otago Peninsula within the limits of the city of Dunedin, New Zealand, close to the small settlement of Pukehiki.
León is the most populous city and municipality in the Mexican state of Guanajuato.
Leopold II (9 April 183517 December 1909) reigned as the second King of the Belgians from 1865 to 1909 and became known for the founding and exploitation of the Congo Free State as a private venture.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
Liverpool Cathedral is the Church of England Cathedral of the Diocese of Liverpool, built on St James's Mount in Liverpool and is the seat of the Bishop of Liverpool.
A load-bearing wall or bearing wall is a wall that is an active structural element of a building, that is, it bears the weight of the elements above said wall, resting upon it by conducting its weight to a foundation structure.
The Lopushna Monastery of Saint John the Forerunner (Лопушански манастир „Свети Йоан Предтеча“, Lopushanski manastir „Sveti Yoan Predtecha“) is a Bulgarian Orthodox monastery in northwestern Bulgaria.
Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party.
The term "low church" refers to churches which give relatively little emphasis to ritual, sacraments and the authority of clergy.
A machicolation (mâchicoulis) is a floor opening between the supporting corbels of a battlement, through which stones or other material, such as boiling water or boiling cooking oil, could be dropped on attackers at the base of a defensive wall.
The "Magnificent Seven" is an informal term applied to seven large private cemeteries in London.
Manchester Town Hall is a Victorian, Neo-gothic municipal building in Manchester, England.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
The manufacture nationale de Sèvres is one of the principal European porcelain manufactories.
Maxwell Bury (28 July 1825 – 9 September 1912) was an English-born architect who was active in New Zealand in the 19th century.
Mechelen (Malines, traditional English name: MechlinMechelen has been known in English as Mechlin, from where the adjective Mechlinian is derived. This name may still be used, especially in a traditional or historical context. The city's French name Malines had also been used in English in the past (in the 19th and 20th century) however this has largely been abandoned. Meanwhile, the Dutch derived Mechelen began to be used in English increasingly from late 20th century onwards, even while Mechlin remained still in use (for example a Mechlinian is an inhabitant of this city or someone seen as born-and-raised there; the term is also the name of the city dialect; as an adjective Mechlinian may refer to the city or to its dialect.) is a city and municipality in the province of Antwerp, Flanders, Belgium. The municipality comprises the city of Mechelen proper, some quarters at its outskirts, the hamlets of Nekkerspoel (adjacent) and Battel (a few kilometers away), as well as the villages of Walem, Heffen, Leest, Hombeek, and Muizen. The Dyle (Dijle) flows through the city, hence it is often referred to as the Dijlestad ("City on the river Dijle"). Mechelen lies on the major urban and industrial axis Brussels–Antwerp, about 25 km from each city. Inhabitants find employment at Mechelen's southern industrial and northern office estates, as well as at offices or industry near the capital and Zaventem Airport, or at industrial plants near Antwerp's seaport. Mechelen is one of Flanders' prominent cities of historical art, with Antwerp, Bruges, Brussels, Ghent, and Leuven. It was notably a centre for artistic production during the Northern Renaissance, when painters, printmakers, illuminators and composers of polyphony were attracted by patrons such as Margaret of York, Margaret of Austria and Hieronymus van Busleyden.
Medievalism is the system of belief and practice characteristic of the Middle Ages, or devotion to elements of that period, which has been expressed in areas such as architecture, literature, music, art, philosophy, scholarship, and various vehicles of popular culture.
Mellerstain House is a stately home around 8 miles north of Kelso in the Borders, Scotland.
Michoacán, formally Michoacán de Ocampo, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Michoacán de Ocampo (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Michoacán de Ocampo), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Modern architecture or modernist architecture is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Monarchism is the advocacy of a monarch or monarchical rule.
Mont-Saint-Michel (Norman: Mont Saint Miché) is an island commune in Normandy, France.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
The narthex is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church's main altar.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
Nicholas Hawksmoor (probably 1661 – 25 March 1736) was an English architect.
Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983) was a German, later British scholar of the history of art, and especially that of architecture.
The term Norman architecture is used to categorise styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans in the various lands under their dominion or influence in the 11th and 12th centuries.
Notre-Dame Basilica (Basilique Notre-Dame de Montréal) is a basilica in the historic district of Old Montreal, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Notre-Dame de Paris (meaning "Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.
Oamaru stone, sometimes called whitestone, is a hard, compact limestone, quarried at Weston, near Oamaru in Otago, New Zealand.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Osijek is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 108,048 in 2011.
The Church of St Peter and St Paul (Crkva svetog Petra i Pavla), the co-cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Đakovo-Osijek, is a neo-Gothic sacral structure located in Osijek, Croatia.
Ossian (Irish Gaelic/Scottish Gaelic: Oisean) is the narrator and purported author of a cycle of epic poems published by the Scottish poet James Macpherson from 1760.
Ostend (Oostende, or; Ostende; Ostende) is a Belgian coastal city and municipality, located in the province of West Flanders.
The Otago Gold Rush (often called the Central Otago Gold Rush) was a gold rush that occurred during the 1860s in Central Otago, New Zealand.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
The Oxford Movement was a movement of High Church members of the Church of England which eventually developed into Anglo-Catholicism.
The Oxford University Museum of Natural History, sometimes known simply as the Oxford University Museum or OUMNH, is a museum displaying many of the University of Oxford's natural history specimens, located on Parks Road in Oxford, England.
The Palace of Culture (Palatul Culturii) is an edifice located in Iași, Romania.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Palais des Papes (English: Papal palace, lo Palais dei Papas in Occitan) is a historical palace located in Avignon, southern France.
Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from and inspired by the designs of the Venetian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580).
Parliament Hill (Colline du Parlement), colloquially known as The Hill, is an area of Crown land on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Peterhouse is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England.
Petrópolis, also known as The Imperial City, is a municipality in the Southeast Region of Brazil, located northeast of Rio de Janeiro.
Picturesque is an aesthetic ideal introduced into English cultural debate in 1782 by William Gilpin in Observations on the River Wye, and Several Parts of South Wales, etc.
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
The Graduate College at Princeton University is a residential college which serves as the center of graduate student life at Princeton, and also as the home of the current Dean of the Graduate School, Dr.
Proof coinage means special early samples of a coin issue, historically made for checking the dies and for archival purposes, but nowadays often struck in greater numbers specially for coin collectors (numismatists).
Prosper Mérimée (28 September 1803 – 23 September 1870) was an important French writer in the school of Romanticism, and one of the pioneers of the novella, a short novel or long short story.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Ralph Adams Cram (December 16, 1863 – September 22, 1942) was a prolific and influential American architect of collegiate and ecclesiastical buildings, often in the Gothic Revival style.
Raymond Mathewson Hood (March 29, 1881 – August 14, 1934) was an American architect who worked in the Art Deco style.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
The Regensburg Cathedral (Dom St.), dedicated to St Peter, is the most important church and landmark of the city of Regensburg, Germany.
Republicanism is an ideology centered on citizenship in a state organized as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty.
Revivalism in architecture is the use of visual styles that consciously echo the style of a previous architectural era.
The intersection of two to three barrel vaults produces a rib vault or ribbed vault when they are edged with an armature of piped masonry often carved in decorative patterns; compare groin vault, an older form of vault construction.
Ritualism, in the history of Christianity, refers to an emphasis on the rituals and liturgical ceremony of the church, in particular of Holy Communion.
Robert Adam (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer.
Sir Robert Stodart Lorimer, KBE (4 November 1864 – 13 September 1929) was a prolific Scottish architect and furniture designer noted for his sensitive restorations of historic houses and castles, for new work in Scots Baronial and Gothic Revival styles, and for promotion of the Arts and Crafts movement.
Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", was an exuberantly decorative 18th-century European style which was the final expression of the baroque movement.
Romantic nationalism (also national romanticism, organic nationalism, identity nationalism) is the form of nationalism in which the state derives its political legitimacy as an organic consequence of the unity of those it governs.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Rombout II Keldermans (ca. 1460 in Mechelen – 15 December 1531 in Antwerp), was an important architect from the Gothic period, born from a family of architects and sculptors (see Keldermans family).
The Royal Canadian Mint (Monnaie royale canadienne) is a Crown corporation of Canada, operating under the Royal Canadian Mint Act.
Royal Tunbridge Wells is a large affluent town in western Kent, England, around south-east of central London by road and by rail.
Rundell & Bridge were a London firm of jewellers and goldsmiths formed by Philip Rundell (1746–1827) and John Bridge (baptized 1755–1834).
The Church of Jesus’ Heart (Jézus Szíve templom) is a parish church in the historical centre of Kőszeg, Western Hungary.
The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família (Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia; Expiatory Church of the Holy Family) is a large unfinished Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926).
Saint George's Church (църква „Свети Георги“, tsarkva „Sveti Georgi“) is a church in Gavril Genovo, a village in northwestern Bulgaria, part of Georgi Damyanovo municipality, Montana Province.
The Saint Lawrence River (Fleuve Saint-Laurent; Tuscarora: Kahnawáʼkye; Mohawk: Kaniatarowanenneh, meaning "big waterway") is a large river in the middle latitudes of North America.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
The Church of St Eustache, Paris (L’église Saint-Eustache) is a church in the 1st arrondissement of Paris.
The Sainte-Chapelle (Holy Chapel) is a royal chapel in the Gothic style, within the medieval Palais de la Cité, the residence of the Kings of France until the 14th century, on the Île de la Cité in the River Seine in Paris, France.
The Basilica of Saint Clotilde (Basilique Ste-Clotilde) is a basilica church in Paris, located on the Rue Las Cases, in the area of Saint-Germain-des-Prés.
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
The Salt Lake Temple is a temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) located on Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.
The Basilica of San Petronio is the main church of Bologna, Emilia Romagna, northern Italy.
The Basílica Menor de San Sebastián, better known as San Sebastian Church, is a Roman Catholic minor basilica in Manila, Philippines, and the seat of the Parish of San Sebastian.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
The São Paulo See Metropolitan Cathedral --"See" and "cathedral" mean "seat" and therefore the ecclesiastical authority of a bishop or archbishop (Catedral Metropolitana, or Catedral da Sé de São Paulo) is the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of São Paulo, Brazil.
Scottish Baronial architecture (often Scots Baronial and sometimes Baronial style) is a style of architecture with its origins in the sixteenth century.
A scroll saw is a small electric or pedal-operated saw used to cut intricate curves in wood, metal, or other materials.
Sens Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Sens) is a Catholic cathedral in Sens in Burgundy, eastern France.
Seton Palace was situated in East Lothian, a few miles south-east of Edinburgh near the town of Prestonpans.
Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk (Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul), the main church of Ostend, Belgium, is a Roman Catholic Neo-Gothic church.
The Slade Professorship of Fine Art is the oldest professorship of art at the universities of Cambridge, Oxford and London.
A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, often a skyscraper or a church tower, similar to a steep tented roof.
St Edmundsbury Cathedral (formally entitled the Cathedral Church of St James) is the cathedral for the Church of England's Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich.
The Parish Church of St Luke, Chelsea, is an Anglican church, on Sydney Street, Chelsea, London SW3, just off the King's Road.
St Mary of the Angels is a Catholic church on the corner of Boulcott Street and O'Reily Avenue in Wellington, New Zealand.
St Pancras railway station, also known as London St Pancras and officially since 2007 as St Pancras International, is a central London railway terminus located on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden.
St Paul's Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Jakarta Cathedral (Indonesian: Gereja Katedral Jakarta) is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Jakarta, Indonesia, which is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Jakarta, currently Archbishop Ignatius Suharyo Hardjoatmodjo.
Saint Patrick's Basilica is a Roman Catholic minor basilica on René-Lévesque Boulevard in Downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
The Metropolitan Cathedral of Saints Vitus, Wenceslaus and Adalbert (metropolitní katedrála svatého Víta, Václava a Vojtěcha) is a Roman Catholic metropolitan cathedral in Prague, the seat of the Archbishop of Prague.
Steel frame is a building technique with a "skeleton frame" of vertical steel columns and horizontal ibeam-beams, constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame.
Strawberry Hill House—often called simply Strawberry Hill—is the Gothic Revival villa that was built in Twickenham, London by Horace Walpole (1717–1797) from 1749 onward.
The Templo Expiatorio del Santísimo Sacramento is a Catholic church dedicated to the Blessed Sacrament, located in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.
Théodore Ballu (8 June 1817 - 22 May 1885) was a French architect who designed numerous public buildings in Paris.
The Castle of Otranto is a 1764 novel by Horace Walpole.
The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and plate-glass structure originally built in Hyde Park, London, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851.
The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations or The Great Exhibition, sometimes referred to as the Crystal Palace Exhibition in reference to the temporary structure in which it was held, was an international exhibition that took place in Hyde Park, London, from 1 May to 15 October 1851.
The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (Notre-Dame de Paris, "Our Lady of Paris") is a French Romantic/Gothic novel by Victor Hugo, published in 1831.
The Seven Lamps of Architecture is an extended essay, first published in May 1849 and written by the English art critic and theorist John Ruskin.
For the 2001 Doctor Who audio story, see The Stones of Venice (audio drama) The Stones of Venice is a three-volume treatise on Venetian art and architecture by English art historian John Ruskin, first published from 1851 to 1853.
Thomas Carlyle (4 December 17955 February 1881) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, translator, historian, mathematician, and teacher.
Thomas Chippendale (1718 – 1779) was born in Otley in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England in June 1718.
Sir Thomas Graham Jackson, 1st Baronet (21 December 1835 – 7 November 1924) was one of the most distinguished English architects of his generation.
Thomas Rickman (8 June 1776 – 4 January 1841), was an English architect and architectural antiquary who was a major figure in the Gothic Revival.
Tom Tower is a bell tower in Oxford, England, named for its bell, Great Tom.
Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London built between 1886 and 1894.
Trap rock, also known as either trapp or trap, is any dark-colored, fine-grained, non-granitic intrusive or extrusive igneous rock.
The Tribune Tower is a neo-Gothic skyscraper located at 435 North Michigan Avenue in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Trinity Church on the Green or Trinity on the Green is a historic, culturally and community-active parish of the Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut in New Haven, Connecticut of the Episcopal Church.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
In architecture, a turret (from Italian: torretta, little tower; Latin: turris, tower) is a small tower that projects vertically from the wall of a building such as a medieval castle.
Ulm Minster (Ulmer Münster) is a Lutheran church located in Ulm, State of Baden-Württemberg (Germany).
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Otago Registry Building, also known as the Clocktower Building, is a Victorian and later structure in the city of Dunedin, New Zealand.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The University of Pennsylvania (commonly known as Penn or UPenn) is a private Ivy League research university located in University City section of West Philadelphia.
The University of Pittsburgh (commonly referred to as Pitt) is a state-related research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
Vajdahunyad Castle (Hungarian: Vajdahunyad vára) is a castle in the City Park of Budapest, Hungary.
Vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is an architectural term for an arched form used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof.
Vézelay is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 2.3 million objects.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
The Victorian restoration was the widespread and extensive refurbishment and rebuilding of Church of England churches and cathedrals that took place in England and Wales during the 19th-century reign of Queen Victoria.
The Victorian Society is a UK charity, the national authority on Victorian and Edwardian architecture built between 1837 and 1914 in England and Wales.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
The Votivkirche (Votive Church) is a neo-Gothic church located on the Ringstraße in Vienna, Austria.
In traditional Japanese aesthetics, is a world view centered on the acceptance of transience and imperfection.
The National Wallace Monument (generally known as the Wallace Monument) is a tower standing on the shoulder of the Abbey Craig, a hilltop overlooking Stirling in Scotland.
Wallpaper is a material used in interior decoration to decorate the interior walls of domestic and public buildings.
Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, poet and historian.
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.
The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in the City and Diocese of Washington, commonly known as Washington National Cathedral, is a cathedral of the Episcopal Church located in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
Washington University in St.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Wedderburn Castle, near Duns, Berwickshire, in the Scottish Borders, is an 18th-century country house that is now used as a wedding and events venue.
West Norwood Cemetery is a cemetery in West Norwood in London, England.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
William Adam (1689 – 24 June 1748) was a Scottish architect, mason, and entrepreneur.
William Burges (2 December 1827 – 20 April 1881) was an English architect and designer.
William Burn (20 December 1789 – 15 February 1870) was a Scottish architect, and pioneer of the Scottish Baronial style.
William Butterfield (7 September 1814 – 23 February 1900) was a Gothic Revival architect and associated with the Oxford Movement (or Tractarian Movement).
William Hosking (26 November 1800 – 2 August 1861) was an English writer, lecturer, and architect who had an important influence on the growth and development of London in Victorian times.
Sir William Tite (February 1798 – 20 April 1873) was an English architect who served as President of the Royal Institute of British Architects.
A window is an opening in a wall, door, roof or vehicle that allows the passage of light, sound, and air.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
Woodchester Mansion is an unfinished, Gothic revival mansion house in Woodchester Park near Nympsfield in Woodchester, Gloucestershire, England.
The Woolworth Building, at 233 Broadway, Manhattan, New York City, designed by architect Cass Gilbert and constructed between 1910 and 1912, is an early US skyscraper.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
Wrocław Główny (Polish for Wrocław main station) is the largest and most important passenger station of the southwestern Polish city of Wrocław.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
German gothic, Goth revival, Gothic Revival, Gothic Revival Architecture, Gothic Revival Style architecture, Gothic Revival in the decorative arts, Gothic Revival style, Gothic Revival style architecture, Gothic Revivalist, Gothic Tudor Revival, Gothic revival, Gothic revival architecture, Gothic revival style, Gothic survival, Gothic-revival, Gothick, Jigsaw Gothic, Late Gothic Revival, Late Gothic Revival architecture, Late Gothic Revival style, Neo Gothic, Neo-Gothic, Neo-Gothic architecture, Neo-Gothic style, Neo-Gothicism, Neo-gothic, Neo-gothic architecture, Neogothic, Pointed style, Victorian Gothic, Victorian Gothic architecture.