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The Professor Abdus Salam Centre for Physics (عبداسلام ادارہ برائے طبیعیات), previously known as the National Centre for Physics is an academic national research institute for physics and mathematical sciences located in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The administrative units of Pakistan (انتظامی اکائیاں) consist of five provinces (Balochistan, Gilgit-Baltistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh), one autonomous territory (Azad Jammu and Kashmir) and one federal territory (Islamabad Capital Territory).
The Directorate for Air Intelligence, known as "Air Intelligence" and its acronym "AI", is the intelligence arm of the Pakistan Air Force.
Air Weapons Complex (AWC) is a development and production centre for airborne weapons systems in Pakistan, more recently becoming involved in various commercial and other non-military projects also.
The Airports Security Force (Pakistan) (ASF) is part of the Aviation Division (Pakistan) and is responsible for protecting the airports, facilities and the planes (on-ground or in-air).
The Aiwan-e-Iqbal, ایوانِ اقبال is an office complex and monument in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan under the administrative control of Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage.
The Alternative Energy Development Board (متبادل توانائی ترقی بورڈ) or AEDB, is the sole representing agency of the Federal Government that was established in May 2003 with the main objective to facilitate, promote and encourage development of Renewable Energy in Pakistan and with a mission to introduce Alternative and Renewable Energies (AREs) at an accelerated rate.
The Anglosphere is a set of English-speaking nations which share common roots in British culture and history, which today maintain close cultural, political, diplomatic and military cooperation.
The Animal Quarantine Department (AQD) is an agency of the Government of Pakistan, which is responsible for animal quarantine services in Pakistan.
The Anti Terrorism Court (عدالت انسداد دہشتگردی, ATC) was established in Pakistan, under Nawaz Sharif's government, to deal with terrorism cases.
The Anti-Narcotics Force (انسداد منشیات پولیس, reporting name: ANF) is a Federal Executive bureau of the Government of Pakistan, tasked with combating the narcotics smuggling and use within Pakistan.
Associated Press of Pakistan (APP) is a government-operated national news agency of Pakistan.
The Attorney-General for Pakistan (A.G.), is the chief law officer and legal advisor of the Government of Pakistan and enjoys rights of audience before Parliament.
An auditor general, also known in some countries as a comptroller general or comptroller and auditor general, is a senior civil servant charged with improving government accountability by auditing and reporting on the government's operations.
The Auditor General of Pakistan is a government organization and the prime and supreme audit institution (SAI) in the country for ensuring public accountability and fiscal transparency and oversight in governmental operations.
Authority derives from the Latin word and is a concept used to indicate the foundational right to exercise power, which can be formalized by the State and exercised by way of judges, monarchs, rulers, police officers or other appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a higher spiritual power (God or other deities).
The Bajaur Scouts are a paramilitary unit of Pakistan's Frontier Corps, recruited locally in Bajaur Agency and officered by regular Pakistan Army officers.
The Dominion of Pakistan (later the 'Islamic Republic of Pakistan') was founded in 1947 as a result of the independence of India from British rule, when India was simultaneously partitioned to create the new country of Pakistan (in two non-contiguous halves called East Pakistan & West Pakistan).
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Bureau of Emigration and Overseas Employment (BEOE) Is a Pakistani government bureau, to regulate overseas employment.
The Cabinet Committee on National Security (CCNS or C2NS), previously known as the Defence Committee of Cabinet, is the principle federal institution and consultative forum used by the people-elected Prime Minister of Pakistan for concerning matters of state's national security, geopolitical, geostrategic, and foreign policy matters with the Prime minister's chief military advisers, senior government advisers and senior Cabinet ministers.
The Cabinet of Pakistan (کابینہ پاکستان, Kabina-e-Pakistan) is a formal body composed of senior government officials chosen and led by the Prime Minister.
The Cabinet Secretariat is a part of the Cabinet of Pakistan, led by the Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi.
The Cabinet Secretary of Pakistan is the Federal Secretary to the Cabinet of Pakistan.
Cantonments in Pakistan (پاکستان کی چھاؤنیاں) are permanent military stations, which are administered by Cantonment Boards under the control of the Military Lands & Cantonments Department (ML&C), Ministry of Defence, Government of Pakistan.
Capital Development Authority (دارالحکومت ترقی اختیار, abbreviated as CDA), is a public benefit corporation responsible for providing municipal services in Islamabad Capital Territory.
The Capital Territory Police (وفاقی دارالحکومت پولیس) is a police force formed in 1981 to police Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan under administrative control of the Chief Commissioner, Islamabad Capital Territory Administration.
A caretaker government is a government that rules on a temporary basis, due to the loss of election or a pending transition of power.
The Center for Earthquake Studies (CES), is an academic earth science, earthquake studies and mathematical national research institute, located in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Central Board of Film Censors (پاکستان مرکزی فلمی سینسر, Pakistan Markazi Filmi Sensor, abbreviated as CBFC) is a film censorship board and rating system body under the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting for the Government of Pakistan.
The Central Superior Services (denoted as CSS; or Bureaucracy) is a permanent elite bureaucratic authority, and the civil service that is responsible for running the civilian bureaucratic operations and government secretariats and directorates of the Cabinet of Pakistan.
The Chagai Militia is a paramilitary unit of Pakistan's Frontier Corps, originating in the area of Chagai District in Baluchistan (Pakistan).
The Chief Election Commissioner is the authority and the appointed chair of the Election Commission of Pakistan— an institution constitutionally empowered to conduct free and fair elections to the national and provincial legislatures.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
The Chief Justice of Pakistan (initials as CJP) is the head of the court system of Pakistan (the judicature branch of government) and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
In Pakistan, the position of Chief Secretary is occupied by the highest-ranking civil servant in each of the four provinces.
The Chitral Scouts (CS) (چترال سکاوٹس), also known as Chitral levies, originally raised in 1903 as the militia of the princely state of Chitral, is now a unit of the federally controlled Frontier Corps of Pakistan.
Civil law is a branch of the law.
Situated in Lahore, Pakistan, the Civil Services Academy Lahore was established in 1948 (with the advice of the father of the nation) for the training of fresh entrants to the Pakistan Administrative Service (P.A.S.) and was originally called Pakistan Administrative Services Academy.
The College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (طبیب و جراح کالج پاکستان, abbreviated as CPSP) is a public regulatory college in Pakistan.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
The Competition Commission of Pakistan (CCP) is an independent agency of the Government of Pakistan for the enforcement of economic competition laws in Pakistan.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu), also known as the 1973 Constitution is the supreme law of Pakistan.
The Controller General of Accounts (CGA) is the premier accounting office of the Government of Pakistan.
Transparency International (TI) has published the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) since 1995, annually ranking countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys." The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit".
Council of Common Interests or CCI is a constitutional body in Pakistan.
Council of Islamic Ideology (اِسلامی نظریاتی کونسل) is a constitutional body of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, responsible for giving legal advice on Islamic issues to the government and the Parliament.
The society and culture of Pakistan (ثقافتِ پاکستان) comprises numerous ethnic groups: the Punjabis, Saraikis, Pothwaris, Kashmiris, Sindhis in east, Makrani in the south; Baloch, Hazaras and Pashtuns in the west; and the Dards, Wakhi, Baltis, Shinaki and Burusho communities in the north.
A currency crisis is a situation in which serious doubt exists as to whether a country's central bank has sufficient foreign exchange reserves to maintain the country's fixed exchange rate.
Debt relief or debt cancellation is the partial or total forgiveness of debt, or the slowing or stopping of debt growth, owed by individuals, corporations, or nations.
The Defence Export Promotion Organization (DEPO) is an agency of the Government of Pakistan which is responsible for promoting Pakistan's defence industry.
Defence Housing Authority, or DHA is a public benefit corporation that governs housing and municipal services for Defence neighbourhoods across Pakistan.
The Defence Science and Technology Organisation (reporting name: DESTO), is a multi-disciplinary programme agency under the Ministry of Defence Production, dedicated for evaluation of science and technology for use by the military.
The Department of Plant Protection (DPP) is a department of the Ministry of National Food Security and Research of the Government of Pakistan.
The Directorate General of Civil Defence provides civil defence and emergency services in Pakistan.
Directorate General of Immigration & Passports (or DGIP) is a department of the Ministry of Interior, Government of Pakistan.
Directorate General of Intelligence and Investigation (D.G. I&I) is a department of Federal Board of Revenue, Pakistan.
The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.
The District Courts of Pakistan are courts that operate at the district level, they are controlled by the high courts.
. Other similarly-named legal concepts are Necessity (tort) or Military necessity or Necessity (criminal law).
Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority (reporting name: ERRA), is an independent, autonomous, and federal institution of Pakistan tasked and responsible for the operational planning, coordinating, monitoring, and regulating the reconstruction and rehabilitation operations in the earthquake affected areas of the country.
The Economic Coordination Committee (reporting name:ECC), is a principle federal institution and a consultative forum used by the people-elected Prime Minister of Pakistan as its chairman, for concerning matters of state's economic security, geoeconomic, political economic and financial endowment issues.
The Economic liberalisation in Pakistan refers to a policy measure programme in order to promote and accelerate the economic independence and development in the economic context of history of Pakistan.
The Economic survey of India 2011 tells that the Indian economy in the year 2010-11 has showed a healthy growth and a stable fiscal consolidation.
Education in Nigeria is overseen by the Ministry of Education.
Education in Pakistan is overseen by the Federal Ministry of Education and the provincial governments, whereas the federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation and in the financing of research and development.
The Election Commission of Pakistan (انتخابی دفتر پاکستان), is an independent, autonomous, permanent and constitutionally established federal body responsible for organizing and conducting of elections to state parliament, provincial legislatures, local governments, elections to the office of President of Pakistan, delimitation of constituencies and preparation of Electoral Rolls.
Since its establishment in 1947, Pakistan has had an asymmetric federal government and is a federal parliamentary democratic republic.
The President of Pakistan is chosen by an electoral college, in Pakistan.
The Employees' Old-Age Benefits Institution (EOBI) is the pension, old age benefits and social Insurance institution of the Government of Pakistan.
The Establishment Secretary of Pakistan is the Federal Secretary of the Establishment Division.
Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB), established in 1960, is a statutory board of the Government of Pakistan, which administers evacuee properties and shrines of Hindus and Sikhs attached to religious, charitable or educational trusts left behind by Hindus & Sikhs who migrated to India after 1947 partition of India.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
The Exit Control Lists (ECL; Urdu: ای سی ایل) is a system of border control maintained by the Government of Pakistan under the Exit from Pakistan (Control) Ordinance. Those persons on the list are prohibited from leaving Pakistan.
Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, (وفاقی بورڈ برائے متوسط و ثانوی تعلیم، اسلام آباد) Islamabad, commonly known as FBISE, is a federal government board for examining the intermediate and secondary education in Pakistan and abroad for Pakistan International School.
The Federal Board of Revenue (وفاقی آمدنی هيئت, abbreviated as FBR) is a top federal government body that investigates crimes related to taxation and money-laundering.
The Federal Directorate of Education (FDE) is an agency of the Government of Pakistan, which is responsible for improving the quality of public schools in Pakistan's capital of Islamabad.
The Federal Flood Commission (FFC) is an agency under the Ministry of Water and Power of the Government of Pakistan, responsible for the development and maintenance of flood protection and control systems in Pakistan.
The Federal Investigation Agency (وفاقی ادارۂ تحقیقات; reporting name: FIA) is a border control, counter-intelligence and security agency under the control of the Interior Secretary of Pakistan, tasked with investigative jurisdiction on undertaking operations against terrorism, espionage, federal crimes, fascism, smuggling as well as infringement and other specific crimes.
The Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) is a federal agency of Government of Pakistan that is responsible for recruiting civil servants and bureaucrats for Government of Pakistan.
The Federal Secretary (also referred to as the Secretary to the Government of Pakistan) is the highest-ranking post and rank in Government of Pakistan, occupied by the most senior civil servant in a specific Ministry or Division.
The Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan, abbreviated as FSC, is a prestigious court which has the power to examine and determine whether the laws of the country comply with Islamic Shari'a law.
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central (federal) government.
The Finance Secretary of Pakistan is the Federal Secretary for the Finance Division of the Ministry of Finance.
The Financial Monitoring Unit (مالی نگرانی واحد, abbreviated as FMU) is an intelligence service department active within the Ministry of Finance (MoF), Government of Pakistan and under regulations of State Bank of Pakistan.
Fiscal imbalance is a mismatch in the revenue powers and expenditure responsibilities of a government.
A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is the period used by governments for accounting and budget purposes, which vary between countries.
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
The Foreign Service Academy (FSA) in Islamabad, Pakistan is the training arm of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan.
Foreign Service of Pakistan was formally created in October 1952, after having been an improvised organization since the creation and independence of Pakistan in 1947.
The Frontier Constabulary (FC) is a paramilitary police force responsible for maintaining law and order in Pakistan and dealing with situations out of the capabilities of Normal Police Force of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
The Frontier Corps (سرحد واہنی) (reporting name: FC), is an umbrella term for the two western provincial auxiliary forces part of the paramilitary forces of Pakistan along the western provinces of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and are the direct counterparts to the Rangers of the eastern provinces (Sindh and Punjab).
The Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR) were a special set of laws of Pakistan which were applicable to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of northwestern Pakistan.
The Frontier Works Organization (فرينٹير وركس اورگيناأزيشن; abbreviated as FWO), is a military engineering organization, and one of the major science and technology commands of the Pakistan Army.
The Geological Survey of Pakistan (reporting name: GSP), is an autonomous and independent institution under Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources which is tasked and mandate with advancing the geoscience knowledge and carrying out systematic studies on official mapping and area surveying.
The Gilgit Baltistan Scouts (reporting name: GB Scouts) are part of the Paramilitary forces of Pakistan, under the direct control of the Ministry of the Interior of the Pakistan Government.
Governance is all of the processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, a market or a network, over a social system (family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society.
Servants to the Government of Pakistan refers to all those serving officials either civil or military, who perform their duties while subordinate to their outfits in Federal/Provincial/District Government.
Government Shipping Office, Karachi was established before independence under the Merchant Shipping Act, 1923.
Grade 22 (also referred to as BPS-22 grade) is the highest attainable rank and pay scale for a civil servant in the Government of Pakistan.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
The Gwadar Port (گوادر بندرگاه; IPA: gʷɑːd̪əɾ bənd̪əɾgɑː) is a deep-sea port situated on the Arabian Sea at Gwadar in Balochistan province of Pakistan.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Heavy Industries Taxila (Reporting name: HIT), is a major defence, military contractor, engineering conglomerate, and military corporation located in Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan.
introduction There are five High Courts of Pakistan, each of four based in the capital city of one of the four provinces.
The Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (reporting name:HEC), is an independent, autonomous, and constitutionally established institution of primary funding, overseeing, regulating, and accrediting the higher education efforts in Pakistan.
The Institute of Bankers Pakistan (IBP), established in 1951, is Pakistan's premier banking training institute, which aims to develop and groom a cadre of banking and financial services professionals on continuous basis.
Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan (ICAP) is a professional accountancy body in Pakistan.
The Institute of Cost & Management Accountants of Pakistan (ICMAP) is a professional body offering qualification and training in management accountancy and providing ongoing support for the members.
The Institute of Optronics (IOP) is an administrative research weapons engineering institute located in Rawalpindi, Punjab Province of Pakistan.
Institute of Regional Studies, Islamabad, is an independent, non-profit research centre devoted to the study of the region around Pakistan: South Asia, Southwest Asia (Iran, Afghanistan and the Gulf), China, Central Asia as well as the Indian Ocean region.
The Institute of Space and Planetary Astrophysics, also known as by its abbreviation ISPA, is a premier and national research institute of the University of Karachi, engaging the theoretical and applied studies and research into topics pertaining to Astronomy, Astrophysics, Satellite Communication, Space Flight Dynamics, Atmospheric Science, Climatology, GIS & Remote Sensing and other related subjects.
Institute of Space Technology (also known as IST) is a public research university located in Islamabad, Pakistan focused on the study of astronomy, aerospace engineering and astronautics.
The Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad (ISSI) is a strategic studies think tank based in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Intellectual Property Organisation of Pakistan (دانشورانہ ملکیت تنظیم, abbreviated as IPO) is an autonomous institution of the Government of Pakistan, concerned with copyright, trademarks, patents and other general types of intellectual property regulation.
The Intelligence Bureau (سراغرسانی کا دفتر; Reporting name: IB), is a civilian intelligence agency in Pakistan.
The Inter Services Selection Board (ISSB) is a committee for the selection of commissioned officers in the armed forces of Pakistan, Army, Navy and Air Force.
The Inter-Services Intelligence (بین الخدماتی مخابرات, abbreviated as ISI) is the premier intelligence agency of Pakistan, operationally responsible for gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world.
The Inter-Services Public Relations (بین الخدماتی تعلقات عامہ; Reporting name:ISPR), is the media wing of the Pakistan Armed Forces which broadcasts and coordinates military news and information to the country's civilian media and the civic society.
The Interior Secretary of Pakistan is the Federal Secretary for the Ministry of Interior.
The International Development Committee is a select committee of the House of Commons in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
Iqbal Academy Pakistan (Urdu) is an institute whose purpose is to study, promote, and disseminate the teachings of the poet and philosopher Allama Muhammad Iqbal.
Islamabad (اسلام آباد) is the capital city of Pakistan located within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory.
Islamabad Traffic Police is a "model traffic police force" formed under the Capital Territory Police in 2006 to "bring a new and healthy change in the traffic system" in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan.
A jirga (occasionally jarga or jargah; Pashto) is a traditional assembly of leaders that make decisions by consensus and according to the teachings of Pashtunwali.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
The judiciary of Pakistan (پاکستان کا عدلیہ) is a hierarchical system with two classes of courts: the superior (or higher) judiciary and the subordinate (or lower) judiciary.
The Karachi Institute of Power Engineering, commonly refers to KINPOE, formerly known as Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP) Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering, is a post-graduate and engineering university that offers programme to the field of nuclear and power engineering, and the physical sciences.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
Karachi Port Trust (کراچی پورٹ ٹرسٹ) (KPT) is a Pakistani federal government agency that oversees the operations of the Port of Karachi in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
The Karachi Shipyard & Engineering Works Limited (KS&EW), is a major defence contractor and military corporation situated in West Wharf in Karachi, Pakistan.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
The Khan Research Laboratories, previously known at various times as Project-706, Engineering Research Laboratories, and Kahuta Research Laboratories, is a Pakistan Government's multi-program national research institute, managed and operated under the scrutiny of Pakistan Armed Forces, located in Kahuta, Punjab Province.
Kharan Rifles is a federal government paramilitary unit charged with security in the westernmost area of Pakistan.
The Khyber Rifles is a para-military force forming part of the modern Pakistani paramilitary's Frontier Corps.
The K.U. Observatory or Karachi University Observatory is located in the campus area of Karachi University.
Law enforcement in Pakistan (قانون نافذ کرنے والے ادارے) is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons.
The Law of Pakistan is the law and legal system existing in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
A Chief Minister in Pakistan is the elected Head of Government of one of Pakistan's four Provinces or the two non-provincial sub-national territories that have assemblies.
A Governor in Pakistan is the appointed Head of State of a province.
The Supreme Court of Pakistan is the highest and apex court in the judicial hierarchy in Pakistan.
The four provincial governments of Pakistan administer the four provinces of Pakistan.
Local government in Pakistan is a complex pattern, with distribution of power varying according to the local arrangements.
Lok Virsa Museum (لوک ورثہ عجائب گھر), also known as the National Institute of Folk & Traditional Heritage, is a museum of history, art and culture in Islamabad, Pakistan, located on the Shakarparian Hills.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
The Marine Fisheries Department (MFD) is a department of the Government of Pakistan.
*For the other organisation previously known as the Maritime Security Agency see: Pakistan Coast Guard The Pakistan Maritime Security Agency; (reporting name: PMSA) is a law enforcement service and the one of the six uniform service branch of the Paramilitary command of Pakistan.
Mercantile Marine Department is an attached department of Ports and Shipping Wing, Karachi under the Ministry of Ports and Shipping, Government of Pakistan.
The Metallurgical Laboratory (also known as "Metallurgical Lab"), is an accredited multi-program national testing institute, established in 1972 to take participation in developing physio-metallurgical aspects of the clandestine atomic bomb projects.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
Military coups in Pakistan began in 1958 and there have been three successful attempts.
The Directorate for Military Intelligence, known as "Military Intelligence" (MI), is the intelligence arm of the Pakistan Army.
The Minister of Finance is Cabinet member who is leads the Ministry of Finance.
Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system.
The Ministry of Climate Change (وزارت آب و ہوا; abbreviated as MoCC), is a Cabinet-level ministry of the Government of Pakistan concerned with climate change in Pakistan.
The Ministry of Commerce (وزارت تجارت; abbreviated as MoCom), is a Cabinet-level ministry of the Government of Pakistan concerned with economic growth and commerce development and promotion in Pakistan.
The Ministry of Communications (وزارت مواصلات; reporting name: MoCom), is a Cabinet-level ministry of the Pakistani Government responsible for analysing, formulating and implementing central policy on communications and transportation.
The Ministry of Defence (وزارت دفاع, Wazarat-e-Difa, abbreviated as MoD), is a ministry of the Government of Pakistan, tasked in defending Pakistan's interests and values at home and abroad.
The Ministry of Defence Production (وزارت دفاعی پيداوار, abbreviated as MoDP), is a Cabinet-level ministry of Pakistan government concerned with the development and production of the full range of equipment and stores for the Pakistan Armed Forces ranging from platforms such as main battle tanks and multi-role combat aircraft to guided weapons, small arms, uniforms and unguided munitions of all calibres.
The Ministry of Energy is a Pakistan Government's federal and executive level ministry created on 4 August 2017 after merging of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources with the power division of the Ministry of Water and Power (now renamed Ministry of Water Resources), respectively.
The Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training (وزارت وفاقی تعلیم و پیشہ وارانہ تربیت) is a federal ministry of Government of Pakistan.
The Ministry of Finance, Revenue & Economic Affairs or Ministry of Finance (وزارت مالیات, Wazarat-e-Malyat, abbreviated as MoF) is a ministry of the Government of Pakistan tasked to ensure a strong Pakistani economy by developing policies of sound economic management and providing expert advice to the government.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (وزارت خارجہ, Wazarat-e-Kharja, abbreviated as MoFA) is a ministry of the Government of Pakistan tasked in managing Pakistan's diplomatic and consular relations as well as its foreign policy.
The Ministry of Housing and Works is cabinet level ministry of Government of Pakistan headed by the Minister for Housing and Works, who must be a member of Parliament of Pakistan.
The Ministry of Human Rights (وزارت انسانی حقوق, abbreviated as MoHR) is a federal government agency in Pakistan.
The Ministry of Industries and Production is headed by the Minister for Industries and Production, who must be a member of Parliament of Pakistan.
The Ministry of Information Technology and Telecommunication (وزارت ٹیلی مواصلات, abbreviated as MoIT) is a Cabinet-level ministry of the Government of Pakistan concerned with Information Technology and Telecommunications.
The Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage (وزارت اطلاعات و نشریات; abbreviated as MoIB), is a Cabinet-level ministry of Government of Pakistan, responsible to release government information, media galleries, public domain and government unclassified non-scientific data to the public and international communities.
The Ministry of Inter Provincial Coordination (وزارت صوبائی تعاون, abbreviated as MoIPC) is a ministry of the Government of Pakistan.
The Ministry of Interior and Narcotics Control (وزارت داخلہ, abbreviated as MoI) is a Cabinet-level ministry of the Government of Pakistan, tasked and primarily responsible for implementing the internal policies, state security, administration of internal affairs involving the state, and assisting the government on territorial affairs of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata), and insular areas of Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (PATA).
The Ministry of Kashmir Affairs & Gilgit Baltistan (وزارت امور کشمیر و گلگت بلتستان, abbreviated as MoKGB) is a ministry of the Government of Pakistan.
The Ministry of Justice (وزارت انصاف; abbreviated as MoJ) is a Cabinet-level ministry of Pakistan, responsible and for the enforcement of law and administration of justice.
The Ministry of Narcotics Control is a Pakistan Government's federal and executive level ministry created on 4 August 2017 by Shahid Khaqan Abbasi the Dummy Prime Minister of Pakistan alias Prime Patwari).
The Ministry of National Food Security & Research or Ministry of Agricultulre (وزارت زرعی, abbreviated as MoA) is a Cabinet-level ministerial department of Government of Pakistan, responsible for implementing, enforcing, developing, and executing the policy on agriculture, rice, livestock, fishing, and farming.
The Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination (وزارت صحت, abbreviated as MoNHSRC) is a cabinet level ministry of the Government of Pakistan with responsibility for national public health.
The Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development (وزارت بیرون ملک مقیم پاکستانی و انسانی وسائل, abbreviated as MoOPHRD) is a ministry of the Government of Pakistan that oversees matters concerning Overseas Pakistanis and human resource development in Pakistan.
The Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (وزارت پارلیمانی معاملات, abbreviated as MoPA) is a ministry of the Government of Pakistan.
The Ministry of Planning and Development (وزارت منصوبہ بندی و ترقی, abbreviated as MoPD) is headed by the Minister for Planning and Development, who must be a member of Parliament of Pakistan.
The Ministry of Maritime Affairs (وزارت ساحلی امور, abbreviated as MoMA) is headed by the Minister for Maritime Affairs, who must be a member of Parliament of Pakistan, assisted by the Federal Secretary for Maritime Affairs.
The Ministry of Postal Services is a Pakistan Government's federal and executive level ministry created on 4 August 2017 by Shahid Khaqan Abbasi.
The Ministry of Privatisation is a Pakistan Government's federal and executive level ministry created on 4 August 2017 by Shahid Khaqan Abbasi.
The Ministry of Railways (وزارت ريلوے, Wazarat-e-Railway, abbreviated as MoR) is a ministry of the Government of Pakistan tasked with planning, administrating and overseeing government policies for the development of the national rail network, Pakistan Railways.
The Ministry of Religious Affairs (وزارت مذہبی امور, abbreviated as MoRA) is a government agency of Pakistan responsible for religious matters such as pilgrimage outside Pakistan, especially to India for Ziyarat and Saudi Arabia for Umrah and Hajj.
The Ministry of Science and Technology (وزارت سائنس و ٹیکنالوجی, abbreviated as MoST) is a Cabinet-level ministry of the Government of Pakistan concerned with science and technology in Pakistan and in general, Pakistan's science policy, planning, co-ordination and directing of efforts to initiate and launch scientific and technological programs as well as projects aimed at economic development.
The Ministry of States and Frontier Regions (وزارت ملحقہ ریاستیں و سرحدی علاقہ جات, abbreviated as SAFRON) is a federal ministry in Pakistan.
The Ministry of Statistics is a Pakistan Government's federal and executive level ministry created on 4 August 2017 by Shahid Khaqan Abbasi.
The (وزارت پانی وسائل, MoWR) is a Pakistan Government's federal and executive level ministry created on 4 August 2017 by Shahid Khaqan Abbasi.
In philosophy, moral responsibility is the status of morally deserving praise, blame, reward, or punishment for an act or omission, in accordance with one's moral obligations.
A motion of no confidence (alternatively vote of no confidence, no-confidence motion, or (unsuccessful) confidence motion) is a statement or vote which states that a person(s) in a position of responsibility (government, managerial, etc.) is no longer deemed fit to hold that position, perhaps because they are inadequate in some respect, are failing to carry out obligations, or are making decisions that other members feel are detrimental.
National Academy for Prisons Administration (NAPA) formerly known as Central Jail Staff Training Institute (CJSTI) is a Federal Government's training institute for prison staff of all four provinces of Pakistan.
The National Academy of Performing Arts (قومی کالج انجام دینا هنر, abbreviated as NAPA) is an performing arts school located at Hindu Gymkhana in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
The National Accountability Bureau (قومی احتساب ادارہ; abbreviated NAB), is an autonomous and constitutionally established federal institution responsible to build efforts against corruption and prepare critical national economic intelligence assessments against economic terrorism to the Government of Pakistan.
National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC) is a research institution of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) based in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The National Archives of Pakistan (قومی آرکائیو) is a body established by the Government of Pakistan for the purpose of preserving and making available public and private records which have bearings on the history, culture and heritage of Pakistan.
Qaumi Assembly Pakistan (قومی اسمبلئ پاکستان or National Assembly of Pakistan (ایوانِ زیریں پاکستان) is the lower house of the bicameral Majlis-e-Shura, which also comprises the President of Pakistan and Aiwan-e Bala (upper house). The Qaumi Assembly and the Aiwan-e Bala both convene at Parliament House in Islamabad. The National Assembly is a democratically elected body consisting of a total of 342 members who are referred to as Members of the National Assembly (MNAs), of which 272 are directly elected members and 70 reserved seats for women and religious minorities. A political party must secure 172 seats to obtain and preserve a majority. Members are elected through the first-past-the-post system under universal adult suffrage, representing electoral districts known as National Assembly constituencies. According to the constitution, the 70 seats reserved for women and religious minorities are allocated to the political parties according to their proportional representation. Each National Assembly is formed for a five-year term, commencing from the date of the first sitting, after which it is automatically dissolved. Currently the National Assembly can not be dissolved by the President of Pakistan, it is dissolved by the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Election for 13th National Assembly was held on 18 February 2008. On March 17, 2013 13th National Assembly was dissolved on completion of its five-year term under Article 52 of the Constitution. Pakistani general election, 2013 (for the 14th National Assembly) was held on May 11, 2013. Members of 14th National Assembly took oath on June 1, 2013. The 14th National Assembly dissolved on 31 May 2018 after completing its 5 year term.
National Command Authority (NCA) is a term used by the Department of Defense of the United States of America to refer to the ultimate source of lawful military orders.
the National Commission for Human Development (NCHD) was established in 2002.
National Commission on Status of Women (NCSW) is a Pakistani statutory body established by the President Pervez Musharraf, under the XXVI Ordinance dated 17 July 2000.
The National Counter Terrorism Authority (قومی انسداد دہشت گردی اختیار) (reporting name: NACTA) is an Internal Counterterrorism Authority of Pakistan.
The National Crisis Management Cell (بحران قومی انتظامیه) (reporting name: NCMC) is a primary domestic intelligence assessment and management institution / agency, operational under the Ministry of Interior (MoI), Government of Pakistan.
The National Database and Registration Authority, Pakistan (Urdu:نادرا; reporting name: NADRA), is an independent and autonomous agency under Ministry of Interior, Government of Pakistan that regulates government databases and statistically manages the sensitive registration database of all the national citizens of Pakistan.
The National Defence University (جامعہ قومی دفاع) or NDU, is a publicly funded military institution located in Islamabad, Pakistan dedicated to the study and research in military science, geo-strategy and international relations.
The National Development Complex (NDC) is a defence and aerospace contractor and a division under the National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM).
National Disaster Management Authority (قومی آفت انتظام اختیار, abbreviated as NDMA), is an autonomous and constitutionally established federal authority mandated to deal with whole spectrum of disasters and their management in the country.
The National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (قومی بجلی مقررات اختیار, abbreviated as NEPRA) is responsible for regulating the electricity supply in Pakistan.
The National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM) is a civilian controlled scientific and engineering organization of the Pakistan, responsible for carrying out research and development in many areas including information technology, fluid dynamics, aerodynamics, aerospace engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering, with specialties in the design and production of communication systems and aerodynamic vehicles for the Pakistan Armed Forces.
The National Fertilizer Development Centre (NFDC) is a multidisciplinary research and development organization at the federal level.
The National Finance Commission Award or NFC is a series of planned economic program enacted since 1951.
The National Highway Authority (مقتدرہ قومی شاہراہ), abbreviated NHA, is a statutory body under the Ministry of Communications (MoCom).
The National Highways & Motorway Police (قومی شاہراہ و موٹروے پولیس), abbreviated NH&MP, is a police force in Pakistan that is responsible for enforcement of traffic and safety laws, security and recovery on Pakistan's National Highways and Motorway network.
National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering or NIBGE is one of the main biotechnology institutes operated by Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission(PAEC).
The National Institute of Banking and Finance (NIBAF) is a subsidiary of the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) head by the Managing Director, a Board of Directors and the Governor of State Bank of Pakistan.
The National Institute of Electronics (NIE) is a research institution coming under the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of Pakistan.
The National Institute of Fire Technology provides advanced training to Fire departments in Pakistan.
The National Institutes of Health (قومی ادارے صحت, abbreviated as NIH), is an autonomous body affiliated with the Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination, primary responsible for biomedical and health related research along with vaccine manufacturing.
The National Institute of Oceanography (قومی اداره سمندر جغرافیہ, abbreviated as NIO), is an executive and federal department of the Government of Pakistan, and a major research institute of Ministry of Science and Technology.
The National Intelligence Directorate (Urdu: نيشنل انٹلیجنس ڈائريكٹوريٹ; NID), is a national intelligence estimate authority to integrate foreign, military and domestic intelligence in the national interests of Pakistan.
The National Library of Pakistan (Urdu), is the national and the research library located in the vicinity of the Constitutional Avenue, Islamabad, Pakistan.
The National Logistics Cell (reporting name: NLC), is a federal executive bureau of government of Pakistan and a state-owned strategic organization of State of Pakistan.
The National Museum of Pakistan (قومی عجائب گھر پاکِستان) is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
National Police Academy is the national institute for training of Police Service of Pakistan (PSP) officers.The academy is located in Islamabad.
National Police Bureau is an institution under Ministry of Interior, Pakistan.
The National Security Council (شورا قومی حفاظتی) (reporting name: NSC) is a federal institutional and consultative body chaired by the Prime Minister of Pakistan as its chairman.
National Telecommunication Corporation (abbreviated: NTC) is a government owned information technology and Telecommunication services provider corporation in Pakistan.
National Textile University (NTU) is the premier institution of textile education in Pakistan.
National University of Sciences and Technology (قومی جامعہ علوم اور صنعت و حرفت), commonly referred to as NUST, is a public research university with main campus in Islamabad, Pakistan and other subsidiary campuses in different cities of Pakistan.
National Vocational and Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC) is a regulatory body for technical education and vocational training in Pakistan.
The Directorate for Naval Intelligence, known as "Naval Intelligence" and its acronym "NI", is the intelligence arm of the Pakistan Navy.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The National Engineering Services Pakistan (قومی انجینئری بنگاه پاکستان, trading name: NESPAK), is a Pakistani multinational state-owned corporation which provides consulting, construction, and management services globally.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
The Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, also known as NIAB, is an agriculture and food irradiation national research institute managed by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission.
The Nuclear Institute for Food and Agriculture, known as NIFA, is one of four agriculture and food irradiation research institute managed by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission.
Oil and Gas Development Company Limited commonly known as OGDCL is a Pakistani multinational oil and gas company.
The Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (تیل و گیس مقررات اختیار, abbreviated as OGRA) is an agency of the Government of Pakistan, which is responsible for regulating the oil and gas sector in Pakistan.
Operation Lyari is a Pakistan Government crackdown against local gangs and other crime syndicates and part of the greater Karachi Operation.
Pak-Arab Refinery (PARCO) is a fully integrated energy company of Pakistan.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Pakistan Academy of Letters (PAL) is a national academy with its main focus on Pakistani literature and related fields.
Pakistan Administrative Service, or PAS (previously known as the District Management Group or DMG before 1 June 2012) is an elite cadre of the Civil Service of Pakistan.
The Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) (پاکستان ایروناٹیکل کمپلیکس) is a Pakistani aerospace, defence, aviation contractor, and military corporation producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage, situated in Kamra, Attock District.
The Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) is in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (پاک فِضائیہ—, or alternatively پاکیستان هاوایی فوج, reporting name: PAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, tasked primarily with the aerial defence of Pakistan, with a secondary role of providing air support to the Pakistan Army and the Pakistan Navy.
The Pakistan Air Force Academy is an accredited four-year military academy which provides undergraduate education to officer candidates for the Pakistan Air Force.The eligible and selected candidates from all around pakistan are sent to PAF Academy Risalpur for flying training.
The Pakistan Antarctic Programme (پاکستان جنوبی قطب برنامه, abbreviated as PAP) is a scientific administrative division of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) which represents the Government of Pakistan on the continent of Antarctica.
The Pakistan Armed Forces (پاکستان مُسَلّح افواج, Pākistān Musallah Afwāj) are the military forces of Pakistan.
Pakistan Army (پاک فوج Pak Fauj (IPA: pɑk fɒ~ɔd͡ʒ); Reporting name: PA) is the land-based force of the Pakistan Armed Forces.
The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC; Urdu) is an independent governmental authority and a scientific research institution, concerned with research and development of nuclear power, promotion of nuclear science, energy conservation and the peaceful usage of nuclear technology.
Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal or (PBM) is a charity and social welfare organisation to help the poor and needy in Pakistan.
Pakistan Bar Council (پاکستان قانون وکلای انجمن) was established by the Parliament in 1973 under the Legal Practitioners and Bar Councils Act.
Board of Investment (BOI) is the investment promotion agency of Pakistan.
The Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (پاکستان نشریات), branded as Radio Pakistan (رادیو پاکستان), is a Pakistani federal corporation that serves as the national public radio and television broadcaster.
The Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (ادارہ شماریات پاکستان, abbreviated as PBS) is the Government of Pakistan government agency commissioned charged with the national statistical services and to provide solid and comprehensive statistical research.
Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (پاکستان سول ایوی ایشن اتھارٹی) (abbreviated as PCAA) is a public sector autonomous body, which oversees and regulates all aspects of civil aviation in Pakistan.
The Pakistan Coast Guards (پاک ساحلی محافظ; reporting name: PCG) is a law enforcement organization and one of the six uniform services of the Paramilitary command functioning and operating under the civilian control of the Interior Ministry (MoI).
Pakistan Council for Architects and Town Planners (abbreviated as PCATP), established in 1983, is a federal regulatory authority for architects and town planners based in Pakistan.
The Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) is a government-owned science and industrialisation research organisation which mainly focuses on the development of industrial research.
The Pakistan Cricket Board (Urdu پاکستان کرکٹ بورڈ) controls and organises all tours and matches undertaken by the Pakistan national cricket team.
Pakistan Customs (Urdu: رسوم پاکستان) is one of the elite cadres of the Civil Service of Pakistan.
Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (پاکستان الیکٹرانک ذرائع ابلاغ انضباطی اختیار, reporting name: PEMRA), is an independent and constitutionally established federal institution responsible for regulating and issuing channel licenses for establishment of the mass media culture, print and electronic media.
Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) (پاكستان انجینئری انجمن; acronym) is a professional body and statutory federal institution for accreditation of engineering education and regulation of engineering profession in Pakistan.
The Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (ایجنسی برائے حفاظت ماحولیات, abbreviated as Pak-EPA), is an executive agency Government of Pakistan managed by the Ministry of Environment.
Pakistan Gems and Jewellery Development Company (PGJDC) is a state-owned subsidiary of Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation and is based in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
Pakistan Health Research Council (PHRC), formerly known as the Pakistan Medical Research Council (PMRC) is an autonomous research agency of Government of Pakistan under the Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination in the field of medical and health sciences.
Pakistan Horticulture Development & Export Company is an attached organisation of Ministry of Commerce of Pakistan.
The Pakistan Human Development Fund (PHDF) is located in Islamabad, Pakistan.
Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation (PIDC) is a state corporation of Pakistan working under Ministry of Industries and Production.
Pakistan Institute for Parliamentary Services (PIPS) was established in December 2008 by the Parliament of Pakistan and is located in Islamabad.
The Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (popularly known as PIDE), is a post-graduate research institute, and a public policy think tank located in the vicinity of Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Pakistan Institute of Fashion and Design (PIFD, formerly known as 'Pakistan School of Fashion Design') is a public sector degree awarding institute specialising in design education.
The Pakistan Institute of International Affairs (PIIA) (Urdu: ادارہء بین الاقوامی اُمور پاکستان) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Karachi whose mission is to analyse and promote the understanding of major international issues and current affairs.
Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (پاکستان طبی سائنس انسٹی ٹیوٹ, abbreviated as PIMS) is a research oriented health sciences institute located in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (also known as PINSTECH), is a multiprogram science and technology national research institute managed for the Ministry of Science by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).
Pakistan Institute of Public Finance Accountants (PIPFA) is an autonomous body recognized mainly in the government sector and established under license from the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan by the authority given under section 42 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984.
Pakistan International Airlines (پاکستان انٹرنیشنل ایئر لائنز) commonly referred to by the abbreviation PIA (پیآئیاے) is the national flag carrier of Pakistan.
Pakistan Marine Academy (PMA) is located at Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
The Pakistan Marines (Urdu); English IPA: pɑkʰ məriːniz (or/ simply Marines سمندریوں); reporting name PM), is an expeditionary and naval warfare uniform service branch of the Pakistan Navy that consists of active duty, high-ranking officers and other personnel of the Navy. The Pakistan Marines are responsible for providing force projection from the sea, using the mobility of the Pakistan Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. Established in 1990, it is estimated to comprise about 3,200 active-duty personnel from the Navy as of 2017. In the Pakistani military leadership structure, the Marines are a component of the Pakistan Navy, often working closely with the Navy for training, executing expeditionary operations and logistics purposes. They are not a separate branch of the armed forces. The Marines were first formed as an amphibious battalion on 1 June 1971, in East-Pakistan as naval infantry to execute operations; however after poor performance in the 1971 war with India, they were disbanded in 1974. In 1990, the Marines were re-established by Commander Obaidullah; since then they have been a part of Navy, often conducting operations with other Pakistani naval forces. Pakistan Marines are primarily tasked with defending naval installations while also guarding and monitoring the disputed Sir Creek border with India. During their training at the Marines Training School, military exercises are occasionally conducted in conjunction with the United States Marine Corps. As befits their close association with the Navy, the PM share the same ranks as the rest of the Pakistan Navy but, their military codes and training are the same as in the Pakistan Army. In 2010, Marines, in close co-ordination with the Pakistan Army, Navy, and Air Force, were working around the clock to rescue villagers trapped by the country's worst deluge in 80 years.
The Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (پاکستان طبی و دندان سازی انجمن, abbreviated as PMDC) is a statutory regulatory authority under the Ministry of National Health Services Regulation & Coordination that maintains the official register of medical practitioners within Pakistan.
The Pakistan Meteorological Department (محکمہ موسمیات پاکستان, abbreviated as PMD and also known as Pakistan Met Office), is an autonomous and independent institution tasked with providing weather forecasts and public warnings concerning weather for protection, safety, and general information.
The Pakistan Military Academy at Kakul (PMA), also known as PMA Kakul, is a two-year accredited federal service military academy.
The Pakistan Mineral Development Corporation (PMDC) is a semi-autonomous corporation attached to the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources, of the Government of Pakistan.
The Pakistan Mint is a coin press located in Shalimar Town, Lahore, Pakistan.
The Pakistan Mission Control Center (Call sign:PMCC) is a separate command and control and separate mission control center at the Suparco Headquarters in Karachi, Sindh Province of Pakistan.
Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH), established in 1976, is a public natural history museum situated in Islamabad, the federal capital of Pakistan.
The Pakistan National Accreditation Council (PNAC) is a department subordinate to the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of Pakistan.
Pakistan National Council of the Arts (پاکستان قومی انجمن فنون, or PNCA) was set up to spearhead the development of arts in Pakistan by an Act of Parliament in 1973.
Pakistan Merchant Navy is the fleet of state-owned merchant vessels flying the flag of Pakistan National Shipping Corporation and the Civil Ensign of Pakistan.
The Pakistan Naval Academy (پاڪستان ناول اڪيڊمي) also known as Pakistan Naval Station Rahbar (PNS Rahbar) is a federal military academy located in Manora Island, Sindh Province, Pakistan.
The Pakistan Navy (rtl; Pɑkistan Bahri'a) (reporting name: PN) is the naval warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, responsible for Pakistan's of coastline along the Arabian Sea, and the defence of important civilian harbours and military bases.
The Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority پاکستان نيؤكلر ريگيلرٹوى اثھارٹى; Acronym: PNRA), is mandated by Government of Pakistan to regulate use of nuclear energy, radioactive sources and use of ionizing radiations. The mission of PNRA is to protect the public, radiation workers and environment from harmful effects of ionizing radiations by formulating and implementing effective regulations and building a relationship of trust with the licensees and maintain transparency in its actions and decisions. Although, the concept of nuclear regulatory existed in 1965 but it gained full government commission in 2001, with the establishment Nuclear Command Authority. Headquartered in Islamabad, this agency was established in 2001 after President Justice (retired) Rafiq Tarar signed the executive decree "Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority Ordinance No.III" in 2000, and was first opened its operation in 2001.
Pakistan Nursing Council (PNC) is a regulatory body established by the Pakistan Nursing Council Act (1952, 1973).
The Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF) is a major firearms, defence contractor, and military corporation headquartered in Wah Cantt, Punjab, Pakistan.
The Pakistan Penal Code usually called PPC (Majmū'ah-yi ta'zīrāt-i Pākistān) is a penal code for all offences charged in Pakistan.
Pakistan Petroleum Limited (Reporting name: PPL or PP) is a multinational, global competitive and one of the largest state-owned mega-corporation of Pakistan.
Pakistan Post (پاکستان ڈاک), is a state enterprise which functions as Pakistan's primary and largest postal operator.
Pakistan Public Works Department is a Federal Department under Ministry of Housing and Works with its headquarters located in Islamabad, Pakistan, and sub-offices in all the major cities of the country.
Pakistan Railways (پاکستان ریلویز) is the national, state-owned railway company of Pakistan.
Pakistan Railways Academy (جامعه پاکستان ریلوے) or PRA, is the central training academy for employees of Pakistan Railways.
The Pakistan Rangers (پاکستان رےنجرز) are a paramilitary law enforcement organization in Pakistan and have a primary mission of securing important sites such as Pakistan's International Border with India as well as employed in internal security operations, and providing assistance to the police in maintaining law and order.
The Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF) is an institution under the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of Pakistan.
The Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (or PSGPC) is a Sikh religious organisation in Pakistan.
Pakistan Software Export Board (PSEB) is an apex Government body mandated to promote Pakistan's IT Industry in local and international markets.
Pakistan Sports Board was established under the Ministry of Education in 1962 as a corporate body for the purposes of promoting and developing uniform standards of competition for sports in Pakistan comparable to the standards prevailing internationally, and regulating and controlling sports in Pakistan on a national basis.
The Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority (PSQCA) is a body subordinate to the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of Pakistan.
Pakistan State Oil (قومی تیل پاکستان; reporting name: PSO) is a Karachi-based Pakistani state-owned multinational petroleum corporation involved in marketing and distribution of petroleum products.
Pakistan Steel Mills (پاکستان سٹیل ملز), also known as Pak Steels, is the producer of the long rolled steel and heavy metal products and entities in the country.
Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (پاکستان ٹیلی مواصلات اختیار, abbreviated as PTA) is Government of Pakistan agency responsible for the establishment, operation and maintenance of telecommunications in Pakistan.
Pakistan Television Corporation (پاكِستان ٹیلی وژن نیٹ ورک; reporting name: PTV) is a public and commercial broadcasting television network, as well as a mass-media state-owned megacorporation, with headquarters at Islamabad, Pakistan.
PTDC or Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation (پاکستان سیاحت) is an organization of the Government of Pakistan.
Pakistan Veterinary Medical Council (abbreviated as PVMC) is a statutory regulatory authority for veterinary medicine education and practitioners in Pakistan.
The Panchayat raj is a South Asian political system found mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, and Nepal.
The Parliament of Pakistan (مجلس شوریٰ پاکستان —) is the federal and supreme legislative body of Pakistan.
A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).
Parliamentary sovereignty (also called parliamentary supremacy or legislative supremacy) is a concept in the constitutional law of some parliamentary democracies.
The Periods of Stagflation (or also attribute as Stagflation in Pakistan, Pakistan Stagflation or Inflation and unemployment in Pakistan), is a generic on-going period of economic, political and social stagflation in the economic context, which had been affecting the national economic growth of Pakistan in its successive decades of its history.
The PHA Foundation, short form for Pakistan Housing Authority Foundation, is a government body based in Islamabad, Pakistan, with offices in Lahore and Karachi.
The Pharmacy Council of Pakistan (دوا سازی انجمن پاکستان; acronym PCP) is a professional and statutory federal institution for accreditation and regulation of pharmacists and promotion of pharmacy education in the country.
The Planning Commission (denoted as PC) is a financial and public policy development institution of the Government of Pakistan.
The Port Muhammad Bin Qasim (بندر گاہ محمد بن قاسم Bandar-gāh Muhammad bin Qāsim), also known as Port Qasim, is a deep-water seaport in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, on the coastline of the Arabian Sea.
The President of Pakistan (صدر مملکت پاکستان —), is the ceremonial head of state of Pakistan and a figurehead who represents the "unity of the Republic." in Chapter 1: The President, Part III: The Federation of Pakistan in the Constitution of Pakistan.
The Prime Minister of Pakistan (وزِیرِ اعظم —,; lit. "Grand Vizier") is the head of government of Pakistan and designated as the "chief executive of the Republic".
The Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister of Pakistan (also referred to as PSPM) is the senior most bureaucratic aide to the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
The Provincial Assembly of Balochistan is one of the four provincial assemblies of Pakistan.
The Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (PATA) were Pakistani administrative subdivisions designated in the Article 246(b) of the Constitution of Pakistan.
Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (پاکستان مخابرات), commonly known as ptcl, is the national telecommunication company in Pakistan.
PTV Training Academy or Pakistan Television Academy is a public television institution and a professional training institute based in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Quaid-i-Azam Academy is an institution of the Pakistan Government to promote the study and understanding of the personality and work of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, his associates, the Pakistan Movement and of the various aspects of Pakistan.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
Central Ruet-e-Hilal Committee (مرکزی رویتِ ہلال کمیٹی) of Pakistan is the department which announces the sighting of the new moon.
Science and technology is a growing field in Pakistan and has played an important role in the country's development since its founding.
The seat of government is (as defined by Brewer's Politics) "the building, complex of buildings or the city from which a government exercises its authority".
The Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) is the financial regulatory agency in Pakistan whose objective is to develop a modern and efficient corporate sector and a capital market based on sound regulatory principles, in order to encourage investment and foster economic growth and prosperity in Pakistan.
Aiwan-e Bala (ایوانِ بالا) or Senate of Pakistan is the upper legislative chamber of the bicameral legislature of Pakistan, and together with the Qaumi Assembly makes up the Majlis-e-Shoora.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA) is an autonomous institution of the Government of Pakistan under Ministry of Industries and Production.
Sonmiani flight test range is a rocket launch facility operated by Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) located at Sonmiani, Balochistan province in Pakistan.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) is an executive and bureaucratic space agency of the Government of Pakistan, responsible for the nation's public and civil space programme and for aeronautics and aerospace research.
Special Communications Organization (SCO) is public sector organization operated by and maintained by Pakistan Army.
The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) (بینک دَولتِ پاکِستان) is the central bank of Pakistan.
State Life Insurance Corporation of Pakistan (SLIC) was incorporated on November 1, 1972 under the Life Insurance Nationalization Order, 1972.
The Statistics Division of the Government of Pakistan, also known as Statistics Division, is a Government of Pakistan's executive and federal department, which is mandate to frames policies for development of statistical services in the country.
Strategic Plans Division Force (or SPD Force) is Pakistan's agency responsible for protection of it's nuclear and strategic assets.
Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL) was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913 of British India, now Companies Ordinance 1984 of Pakistan, and is listed on the Pakistan Stock Exchange.
The Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC) (Formerly Sui Gas Transmission Company Limited) was formed in 1955.
The SUPARCO Satellite Ground Station is an earth observation and remote sensing satellite control center.
The Supreme Court of Pakistan (عدالت عظمیٰ پاکستان; Adālat-e-Uzma Pākistān) is the apex court in the judicial hierarchy of Pakistan.
The Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan is a body of judges empowered under of the constitution of Pakistan to hear cases of misconduct against judges.
Survey of Pakistan is the sole national mapping and land surveying government agency of Pakistan.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
The Express Tribune is a major daily English-language newspaper based in Pakistan.
The Gazette of Pakistan is the official newspaper of the Government of Pakistan.
The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
Tilla Satellite Launch Centre, primary known as Tilla Range, is a (spaceport) 25 km west of Jhelum city in Punjab.
The Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (تجارتی ترقی اختیار پاکستان, abbreviated as TDAP), is a department within the Ministry of Commerce and Textile Industry of the Government of Pakistan.
The Trading Corporation of Pakistan (پاکستان تجارت شرکت, abbreviated as TCP) is the Government of Pakistan's premier trading arm, with offices across various cities of the country including Karachi, Islamabad, Lahore and Multan.
Transparency International e.V. (TI) is an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Utility Stores Corporation of Pakistan (USC or USCP) is a Pakistani State-owned enterprise that operates chain stores throughout the country that provide basic commodities to the general public at prices which are lower than the open market because the government subsidizes them.
Virtual University of Pakistan (جامعہ مجازی پاکستان), is a public university located in urban area of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
The War in North-West Pakistan, also known as the War in Waziristan, is an armed conflict involving Pakistan, and armed militant groups such as the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), Jundallah, Lashkar-e-Islam (LeI), TNSM, al-Qaeda, and their Central Asian allies such as the ISIL–Khorasan (ISIL), Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, East Turkistan Movement, Emirate of Caucasus, and elements of organized crime.
The Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) (واٹر اینڈ پاور ڈیولپمنٹ اتھارٹی) is a government-owned public utility maintaining power and water in Pakistan, although it does not manage thermal power.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
The Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited (ZTBL) (formerly known as ADBP - Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan) is the largest public sector Specialized financial development institution in Pakistan.
The Zhob Militia are a unit of the Frontier Corps, a Pakistani paramilitary force based in Baluchistan and are one of the oldest paramilitary groups in the region.
The Zoological Survey Department of Pakistan (محکمہ جانور شناسی) is a department under the Ministry of Climate Change, Government of Pakistan which carries out survey and research on distribution, population, and status of animal life in Pakistan.
Broadcasting Minister of Pakistan, Federal Government Ministries, Federal Government Ministries of Pakistan, Federal Government of Pakistan, Federal government of Pakistan, GoP, Goverment of Pakistan, Government in Pakistan, Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Govt of Pakistan, Govt. of Pakistan, Information Minister of Pakistan, List of Federal Government Ministries of Pakistan, Minister for Ports and Shipping, Ministry of Economic Affairs (Pakistan), Ministry of Food (Pakistan), Ministry of Industries (Pakistan), Ministry of Information (Pakistan), Ministry of Law (Pakistan), Pakistan Government, Pakistan federal government, Pakistan/Government, Pakistani Government, Pakistani authorities, Pakistani federal government, Pakistani government, Revenue Minister of Pakistan, Scheduled Caste Federation of Pakistan, State Minister for Ports and Shipping.