74 relations: Administrative divisions of Russia in 1713–1714, Alexander Arkadyevich Suvorov, Alexander Danilovich Menshikov, Alexander I of Russia, Anikita Repnin, Autonomous Governorate of Estonia, Baltic governorates, Baltic nobility, Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia, Catherine the Great, Cēsis, Circle (country subdivision), Commissioner, Courland Governorate, Dmitry Lobanov-Rostovsky, Estonia, Estonian Declaration of Independence, Estonian language, Estonians, February Revolution, Friedrich Wilhelm von Buxhoeveden, Geographical renaming, George Browne (soldier), German Army (German Empire), German language, Governorate of Estonia, Governorate of Livonia, Great Northern War, Ivan Essen, Kreis Ösel, Kreis Dorpat, Kreis Fellin, Kreis Pernau, Kreis Riga, Kreis Walk, Kreis Wenden, Kreis Werro, Kreis Wolmar, Kuressaare, Landtag, Latvia, Latvian language, Lithuanian language, Nicholas Repnin, Pärnu, Peter Lacy, Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen, Philip Osipovich Paulucci, Polish language, Pyotr Andreyevich Shuvalov, ..., Pyotr Romanovich Bagration, Riga, Russian Empire, Russian Empire Census, Russian language, Russian Provisional Government, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Saaremaa, Smolensk Governorate, Swedish Livonia, Tartu, Tartu County, Terra Mariana, Third Partition of Poland, Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Treaty of Nystad, Valga, Estonia, Valmiera, Võru, Vidzeme, Viljandi, World War I, Yevgeny Golovin, Yiddish. Expand index (24 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Arkadyevich Suvorov, Prince Italsky, Count Rymniksky (Алекса́ндр Арка́дьевич Суво́ров; 13 June 1804, Saint Petersburg – 12 February 1882, Saint Petersburg), was a Russian general, diplomat and politician.
Prince Aleksander Danilovich Menshikov (Алекса́ндр Дани́лович Ме́ншиков; –) was a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimus, Prince of the Russian Empire and Duke of Izhora (Duke of Ingria), Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Duke of Cosel.
Alexander I (Александр Павлович, Aleksandr Pavlovich; –) reigned as Emperor of Russia between 1801 and 1825.
Prince Anikita Ivanovich Repnin (Аники́та Ива́нович Репни́н; 1668 – 3 July 1726, in Riga) was a prominent Russian general during the Great Northern War who superintended the taking of Riga in 1710 and served as the Governor of Livland from 1719 until his death.
The local autonomy in Estonia (Эстляндия) was established as a result of the Russian Revolution of 1917.
The Baltic governorates (Прибалтийские губернии), originally the Ostsee governorates (Ostseegouvernements, Остзейские губернии), was a collective name for the administrative units of the Russian Empire set up in the territories of Swedish Estonia, Swedish Livonia (1721) and, afterwards, of Duchy of Courland and Semigallia (1795).
The Baltic or Baltic German nobility was the privileged social class in the territories of today's Estonia and Latvia.
With the Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia in 1710 the Swedish dominions Estonia and Livonia were integrated into the Russian EmpireLuts (2006), p. 159 following their conquest during the Great Northern War.
Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; –), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader.
Cēsis, (Wenden, Venden, Võnnu, Kieś) is a town in Latvia located in the northern part of the Central Vidzeme Upland.
Circle is a type of administrative division of some countries.
A commissioner is, in principle, a member of a commission or an individual who has been given a commission (official charge or authority to do something).
Courland Governorate, also known as the Province of Courland, Governorate of Kurland (Курля́ндская губерния), and Government of Courland (Kurländisches Gouvernement, Kurzemes guberņa), was one of the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire, that is now part of the Republic of Latvia.
Prince Dmitry Ivanovich Lobanov-Rostovsky (Дми́трий Ива́нович Лоба́нов-Росто́вский; 20 September 1758 – 25/26 July 1838) was a Russian general and administrator.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
The Estonian Declaration of Independence, also known as the Manifesto to the Peoples of Estonia (Manifest Eestimaa rahvastele), is the founding act of the Republic of Estonia from 1918.
Estonian (eesti keel) is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people: 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia.
Estonians (eestlased) are a Finnic ethnic group native to Estonia who speak the Estonian language.
The February Revolution (p), known in Soviet historiography as the February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution, was the first of two revolutions which took place in Russia in 1917.
Friedrich Wilhelm Count von Buxhoevden (Фёдор Фёдорович Буксгевден, Fyodor Fyodorovich Buksgevden; other spellings: Feodor Buxhoeveden, Buxhœwden, Buxhöwden) (September 14, 1750 Võlla, Governorate of Livonia – August 23, 1811 near Kullamaa) was a Russian infantry general and government official.
Geographical renaming is the changing of the name of a geographical feature or area.
George Browne (Юрий Юрьевич Броун., Seoirse de Brún, Georg Reichsgraf von Browne, George de Browne), Count von Browne in the nobility of the Holy Roman Empire (15 June 1698 – 18 February 1792), was an Irish soldier of fortune who became full general in the Russian service.
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The Governorate of Est(h)onia (Eestimaa kubermang) or Duchy of Estonia, also known as the Government of Estonia, was a governorate of the Russian Empire in what is now northern Estonia.
The Governorate of Livonia (Лифляндская губерния, Liflyandskaya guberniya; Gouvernement Livland, Livländisches Gouvernement; Vidzemes guberņa, after the Latvian inhabited Vidzeme region) was one of the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire, now divided between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Estonia.
The Great Northern War (1700–1721) was a conflict in which a coalition led by the Tsardom of Russia successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.
Ivan Nikolaevich Essen (Иван Николаевич Эссен; Johann Magnus Gustav von Essen 30 September 1759 – 20 July or 23 August 1813) was a Russian Empire's lieutenant general and military governor of Riga at the start of the Patriotic War of 1812.
Kreis Ösel (Saaremaa kreis, Эзельский уезд) was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kreis Dorpat (Tartu kreis, Дерптский уезд, 1893-1918 Юрьевский уезд) was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kreis Fellin (Viljandi kreis, Феллинский уезд) was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kreis Pernau (Pärnu kreis, Перновский уезд) was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kreis Riga was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kreis Walk was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kreis Wenden was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kreis Werro (Võru kreis, Верросский уезд) was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kreis Wolmar was one of the nine subdivisions of the Governorate of Livonia of the Russian Empire.
Kuressaare, also known as Arensburg, is a town and a municipality on Saaremaa island in Estonia.
A Landtag (State Diet) is a representative assembly (parliament) in German-speaking countries with legislative authority and competence over a federated state (Land).
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Latvian (latviešu valoda) is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region.
Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region.
Prince Nikolai Vasilyevich Repnin (Никола́й Васи́льевич Репни́н; –) was an Imperial Russian statesman and general from the Repnin princely family who played a key role in the dissolution of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Pärnu (Pernau) is the fourth-largest city in Estonia.
Count Peter von Lacy, or Pyotr Petrovich Lacy (Пётр Петро́вич Ла́сси), as he was known in Russia (26 September 1678 – 30 April 1751), was one of the most successful Russian imperial commanders before Rumyantsev and Suvorov.
Count Peter Alekseyevich Pahlen (Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич Па́лен; German: Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen; 28 July 1745 – 25 February 1826) was a Russian courtier who played a pivotal role in the assassination of Emperor Paul.
Filippo Paulucci delle Roncole (11 September 1779 – 25 January 1849), also known as Philip Osipovich Paulucci (Филипп Осипович Паулуччи), was an Italian marquis and army officer, later a general at the services of the Kingdom of Sardinia, the Holy Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Italy, and the Russian Empire.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
Count Pyotr Andreyevich Shuvalov (Пётр Андре́евич Шува́лов) (27 July 1827, Saint Petersburg – 22 March 1889, Saint Petersburg) was an influential Russian statesman and a counselor to Tsar Alexander II.
Pyotr Romanovich Bagration (Пётр Рома́нович Багратио́н, პეტრე რომანის (რევაზის) ძე ბაგრატიონი; 24 September 1818 – 17 January 1876), the son of general Prince Roman Bagration, was a Russian-Georgian statesman, general and scientist who invented the first dry galvanic cell.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
The Russian Imperial Census of 1897 was first and only census carried out in the Russian Empire (Finland was excluded).
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Russian Provisional Government (Vremennoye pravitel'stvo Rossii) was a provisional government of Russia established immediately following the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II of the Russian Empire on 2 March 1917.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Ru-Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика.ogg), also unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia,Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people, article I or Russia (rɐˈsʲijə; from the Ρωσία Rōsía — Rus'), was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed union republic of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991.
Saaremaa (Danish: Øsel; English (esp. traditionally): Osel; Finnish: Saarenmaa; Swedish & German: Ösel) is the largest island in Estonia, measuring.
Smolensk Governorate (Смоленская губерния), or the Government of Smolensk, was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Tsardom of Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Russian SFSR, which existed, with interruptions, between 1708 and 1929.
Swedish Livonia (Svenska Livland) was a dominion of the Swedish Empire from 1629 until 1721.
Tartu (South Estonian: Tarto) is the second largest city of Estonia, after Estonia's political and financial capital Tallinn.
Tartu County (Tartu maakond), or Tartumaa (Kreis Dorpat), is one of 15 counties of Estonia.
Terra Mariana (Medieval Latin for "Land of Mary") was the official name for Medieval Livonia or Old Livonia (Alt-Livland, Vana-Liivimaa, Livonija), which was formed in the aftermath of the Livonian Crusade in the territories comprising present day Estonia and Latvia.
The Third Partition of Poland (1795) was the last in a series of the Partitions of Poland and the land of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth among Prussia, the Austrian Empire, and the Russian Empire which effectively ended Polish–Lithuanian national sovereignty until 1918.
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on 3 March 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia's participation in World War I. The treaty was signed at Brest-Litovsk (Brześć Litewski; since 1945 Brest), after two months of negotiations.
The Treaty of Nystad (Ништадтский мир, Uudenkaupungin rauha, Freden i Nystad, Uusikaupunki rahu) was the last peace treaty of the Great Northern War of 1700–1721.
Valga (Walk) is a town in southern Estonia and the capital of Valga County.
Valmiera (Wolmar; Wolmar see other names) is the largest city of the historical Vidzeme region, Latvia, with a total area of.
Võru (Võro; Werro; Выру (Vyru); Veru) is a town and a municipality in south-eastern Estonia.
Vidzeme (Vidžemė, Vidūmō) is one of the historical and cultural regions of Latvia.
Viljandi (Fellin) is a town and municipality in southern Estonia with a population of 17,473 in 2013.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Golovin (Евге́ний Алекса́ндрович Голови́н; 1 May 1782 – 27 June 1858) was a general in the Imperial Russian Army.
Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.
Duchy of Livonia (1721–1917), Gouvernement Livland, Gouvernement Riga, Government of Livland, Government of Livonia, Governorate of Livland, Governorate of Riga, Liflyandskaya guberniya, Liivimaa kubermang, Livland Government, Livland Governorate, Livland Province, Livonia Government, Livonia Governorate, Livonia Province, Livonian Government, Livonian Governorate, Livonian Province, Province of Livland, Province of Livonia, Province of Riga, Riga Governorate, Riga Province, Vidzemes guberņa, Лифляндская губерния.