28 relations: Arabic, Bethlehem Governorate, Deir al-Balah Governorate, Gaza Governorate, Gaza Strip, Governorate, Hebron Governorate, ISO 3166-2:PS, Israeli Civil Administration, Jenin Governorate, Jericho Governorate, Jerusalem Governorate, Khan Yunis Governorate, Nablus Governorate, North Gaza Governorate, Oslo Accords, Palestinian government, Palestinian National Authority, Palestinian territories, Qalqilya Governorate, Rafah Governorate, Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, Salfit Governorate, Tubas Governorate, Tulkarm governorate, Unitary state, West Bank, West Bank Areas in the Oslo II Accord.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The Bethlehem Governorate (محافظة بيت لحم; נפת בֵּית לֶחֶם) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine.
The Deir el-Balah Governorate (محافظة دير البلح) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine in the central Gaza Strip which is administered by Palestine aside from its border with Israel, airspace and maritime territory.
The Gaza Governorate (محافظة غزة) is one of the 16 Governorates of Palestine, located in the north central Gaza Strip which is administered by the Palestine aside from its border with Israel, airspace and maritime territory.
The Gaza Strip (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p.761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". قطاع غزة), or simply Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for and Israel on the east and north along a border.
A governorate is an administrative division of a country.
The Hebron Governorate (محافظة الخليل; נפת חברון) is an administrative district of the Palestine in the southern West Bank.
ISO 3166-2:PS is the entry for the State of Palestine in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
The Civil Administration (המנהל האזרחי) is the Israeli governing body that operates in the West Bank.
The Jenin Governorate (محافظة جنين; נפת ג'נין) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine.
The Jericho Governorate (محافظة أريحا; נפת יריחו) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine.
The Jerusalem Governorate (محافظة القدس; (נפת אל-קודס (ירושלים) is one of the 16 Governorates of Palestine and located in the central part of the West Bank.
The Khan Yunis Governorate (محافظة خان يونس) is one of 16 Governorates of Palestine, located in the southern Gaza Strip.
The Nablus Governorate (محافظة نابلس) is an administrative district of Palestine located in the Central Highlands of the West Bank, 53 km north of Jerusalem.
The North Gaza Governorate (محافظة شمال غزة) is one of the five Governorates of Palestine in the Gaza Strip which is administered by Palestine, aside from its border with Israel, airspace and maritime territory.
The Oslo Accords are a set of agreements between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo I Accord, signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993; (DOP), 13 September 1993.
The Palestinian government is the government of the Palestinian Authority or State of Palestine.
The Palestinian National Authority (PA or PNA; السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية) is the interim self-government body established in 1994 following the Gaza–Jericho Agreement to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank, as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords.
Palestinian territories and occupied Palestinian territories (OPT or oPt) are terms often used to describe the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, which are occupied or otherwise under the control of Israel.
The Qalqilya Governorate is an administrative area of Palestine in the northwestern West Bank.
The Rafah Governorate (محافظة رفح) is a Governorate of Palestine in the southernmost portion of the Gaza Strip.
The Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate (محافظة رام الله والبيرة; נפת רמאללה ואל-בירה) is one of 16 governorates of Palestine.
Salfit governorate is one of the sixteen governorates of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA), with a unique geographical location to oversee the occupied Palestinian coast and its location in the West Bank.
The Tubas Governorate (محافظة طوباس; נפת טובאס) is an administrative district of the Palestine in the northeastern West Bank.
The Tulkarm governorate (محافظة طولكرم; נפת טולכרם) is an administrative district and one of 16 Governorates of Palestine located in the northwestern West Bank.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit) is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, the bulk of it now under Israeli control, or else under joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority control.
The Oslo II Accord divided the West Bank into three administrative divisions: Areas A, B and C. The distinct areas were given different statuses, according to their governance pending a final status accord: Area A is exclusively administered by the Palestinian Authority; Area B is administered by both the Palestinian Authority and Israel; and Area C, which contains the Israeli settlements, is administered by Israel.
Administrative divisions of the Palestinian territories, Districts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Governorate of Palestine, Governorates of West Bank and Gaza Strip, Governorates of the Palestinian National Authority, Governorates of the Palestinian territories, Governorates of the State of Palestine, Governorates of the West Bank, Governorates of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Subdivisions of the Palestinian territories, Subdivisions of the State of Palestine.