99 relations: Acid, Adverse effect, Antioxidant, Atenas, Atomic gardening, Backcrossing, Barbados, Barbados National Trust, Bergamottin, Bitter orange, China, Cholesterol, Citric acid, Citrus, Clementine, Confectionery, Contamination, Costa Rica, Cultivar, CYP3A4, Cytochrome P450, Dancy (citrus), Dessert, Drug, Drug interaction, Dulce de leche, Enzyme, Eudicots, Fairchild tangerine, Fat, Fiber, Florida, Flower, Flowering plant, Forbidden fruit, Fruit, Furanocoumarin, Glycemic index, Grape, Grapefruit diet, Grapefruit juice, Grapefruit knife, Grapefruit mercaptan, Grapefruit seed extract, Grapefruit spoon, Grapefruit–drug interactions, Griffith Hughes, Haiti, Hybrid (biology), Hyuganatsu, ..., Irradiation, Kimball Atwood, Lemon, Library of Congress, Lime (fruit), Lycopene, Mandarin orange, Mandarin orange (fruit), Mandelo, Medication package insert, Melogold, Metabolism, Mexico, Miami, Mutation breeding, Naringenin, Odet Philippe, Orange (fruit), Oroblanco, Paraben, Patent, Pectin, Pharmacodynamics, Pink, Plant, Polyamine, Pomelo, Preservative, Putrescine, Red, Reference Daily Intake, Rosids, Rutaceae, Safety Harbor, Florida, Sapindales, Spermidine, Spheroid, Subtropics, Sulfur, Tangelo, Tangerine, Terpene, Texas, Tonne, Ugli fruit, United States, Vitamin C, Wales, White. Expand index (49 more) » « Shrink index
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.
Atenas (ah-TEN-nahss) is the capital city of the canton of Atenas in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica.
Atomic gardening is a form of mutation breeding where plants are exposed to radioactive sources, typically cobalt-60, in order to generate mutations, some of which turned out to be useful.
Backcrossing is a crossing of a hybrid with one of its parents or an individual genetically similar to its parent, in order to achieve offspring with a genetic identity which is closer to that of the parent.
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.
The Barbados National Trust, founded in 1960, is an organisation which works to preserve and protect the natural and artistic heritage of Barbados and to increase public awareness of the country's historic and architectural treasures.
Bergamottin is a natural furanocoumarin found principally in grapefruit juice.
Bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange, bigarade orange, or marmalade orange refers to a citrus tree (Citrus × aurantium) and its fruit.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.
A clementine (Citrus × clementina) is a tangor, a hybrid between a willowleaf mandarin orange (''C.'' × ''deliciosa'') and a sweet orange (C. × sinensis), so named in 1902.
Confectionery is the art of making confections, which are food items that are rich in sugar and carbohydrates.
Contamination is the presence of an unwanted constituent, contaminant or impurity in a material, physical body, natural environment, workplace, etc.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
Cytochrome P450 3A4 (abbreviated CYP3A4) is an important enzyme in the body, mainly found in the liver and in the intestine.
Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are proteins of the superfamily containing heme as a cofactor and, therefore, are hemoproteins.
The Dancy tangerine (zipper-skin tangerine, kid-glove orange) was one of the oldest and formerly most popular American citrus varieties, but is now rarely sold.
Dessert is a confectionery course that concludes a main meal.
A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue causes a temporary physiological (and often psychological) change in the body.
A drug interaction is a situation in which a substance (usually another drug) affects the activity of a drug when both are administered together.
Dulce de leche (doce de leite) is a confection prepared by slowly heating sweetened milk to create a substance that derives its flavor from the Maillard reaction, also changing color, with an appearance and flavor similar to caramel.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
The eudicots, Eudicotidae or eudicotyledons are a clade of flowering plants that had been called tricolpates or non-magnoliid dicots by previous authors.
The Fairchild tangerine is a cross between a Clementine mandarin and an Orlando tangelo.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.
Forbidden fruit is a phrase that originates from the Book of Genesis concerning Adam and Eve in Genesis 2:16–17.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
The furanocoumarins, or furocoumarins, are a class of organic chemical compounds produced by a variety of plants.
The glycemic index or glycaemic index (GI) is a number associated with the carbohydrates in a particular type of food that indicates the effect of these carbohydrates on a person's blood glucose (also called blood sugar) level.
A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis.
The grapefruit diet, also known as the Hollywood Diet is a short-term fad diet that has existed in the United States since at least the 1930s.
Grapefruit juice is the juice from grapefruits.
A grapefruit knife is a special type of knife designed specifically for cutting grapefruit.
Grapefruit seed extract (GSE), also known as citrus seed extract, is a liquid extract derived from the seeds, pulp, and white membranes of grapefruit.
A grapefruit spoon is a utensil usually similar in design to a teaspoon that tapers to a sharp edge or teeth, the intent of the front serration being to separate the flesh of a grapefruit from its rind.
Some fruit juices and fruits can interact with numerous drugs, in many cases causing adverse effects.
The Reverend Griffith Hughes (1707–c.1758), FRS, was a Welsh naturalist and author.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana, Japanese: 日向夏) is a citrus fruit and plant grown in Japan.
Irradiation is the process by which an object is exposed to radiation.
Kimball Chase Atwood IV, M.D. is an American doctor and medical scientist from Newton, MA, who is currently an assistant clinical professor at Tufts University School of Medicine, as well as an anesthesiologist at Newton-Wellesley Hospital, where he has worked since 1993.
The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
A lime (from French lime, from Arabic līma, from Persian līmū, "lemon") is a hybrid citrus fruit, which is typically round, lime green, in diameter, and contains acidic juice vesicles.
Lycopene (from the neo-Latin Lycopersicum, the tomato species) is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, gac, and papayas, but it is not in strawberries or cherries.
The mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata;; 桔, jyutping: gat1), also known as the mandarin or mandarine, is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling other oranges, usually eaten plain or in fruit salads.
The mandarin orange, also known as the mandarin, is the fruit of the mandarin tree (or bush).
A mandelo (or Mandalo, also known as a "cocktail grapefruit") is a citrus fruit that is smaller than a grapefruit, has yellow or yellow-green coloured skin and bright yellow or yellow-orange flesh, but is sweeter than a grapefruit.
A package insert (formally prescribing information in the United States; in Europe, patient information leaflet or instructions for use for human medicines and package leaflet for veterinary medicines) is a document provided along with a prescription or over-the-counter medication to provide additional information about that drug.
The Melogold or Melogold grapefruit (Citrus grandis Osbeck × C. Paradisi Macf.) is a citrus hybrid similar to the oroblanco; both result from a cross between the pomelo and the grapefruit and is a fruit similar to a sweet grapefruit.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
Mutation breeding, sometimes referred to as "variation breeding", is the process of exposing seeds to chemicals or radiation in order to generate mutants with desirable traits to be bred with other cultivars.
Naringenin is a bitter, colourless flavanone, a type of flavonoid.
Odet Philippe was the first permanent, non-native settler on the Pinellas County peninsula in what is now the state of Florida, acquiring of land in what is today Safety Harbor in 1842.
The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.
An oroblanco, oro blanco (white gold) or sweetie (Citrus grandis Osbeck × C. Paradisi Macf.) is a sweet seedless citrus hybrid fruit similar to grapefruit.
Parabens are a class of widely used preservatives in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Pectin (from πηκτικός, "congealed, curdled") is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of terrestrial plants.
Pharmacodynamics is the study of the biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs (especially pharmaceutical drugs).
Pink is a pale red color that is named after a flower of the same name.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
A polyamine is an organic compound having more than two amino groups.
The pomelo, Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis, is a natural (non-hybrid) citrus fruit, similar in appearance to a large grapefruit, native to South and Southeast Asia.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
Putrescine, or tetramethylenediamine, is a foul-smelling organic chemical compound NH2(CH2)4NH2 (1,4-diaminobutane or butanediamine) that is related to cadaverine; both are produced by the breakdown of amino acids in living and dead organisms and both are toxic in large doses.
Red is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light, next to orange and opposite violet.
The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.
The rosids are members of a large clade (monophyletic group) of flowering plants, containing about 70,000 species, more than a quarter of all angiosperms.
The Rutaceae are a family, commonly known as the rue in BoDD – Botanical Dermatology Database or citrus family, of flowering plants, usually placed in the order Sapindales.
Safety Harbor is a city on the west shore of Tampa Bay in Pinellas County, Florida, United States.
Sapindales is an order of flowering plants.
Spermidine is a polyamine compound found in ribosomes and living tissues, and having various metabolic functions within organisms.
A spheroid, or ellipsoid of revolution, is a quadric surface obtained by rotating an ellipse about one of its principal axes; in other words, an ellipsoid with two equal semi-diameters.
The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
The tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima or x C. paradisi), Citrus × tangelo, is a citrus fruit hybrid of a tangerine and a grapefruit.
The tangerine (Citrus tangerina) is a group of orange-colored citrus fruit consisting of hybrids of mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata).
Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
The ugli or ugli fruit is a Jamaican form of tangelo, a citrus fruit created by hybridizing a grapefruit (or pomelo), an orange, and a tangerine.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
White is the lightest color and is achromatic (having no hue), because it fully reflects and scatters all the visible wavelengths of light.
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