143 relations: Acacia, Africa, African bush elephant, American bison, Andes, Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper, Antarctica, Appalachian balds, Argentina, Badger, Bamboo, Biogeographic realm, Biome, Bison, Blue wildebeest, Bolivia, Brazil, Bushveld, Calcareous, Calcareous grassland, Carnivore, Cattle, Cerrado, Cheetah, Climate, Clover, Coastal plain, Common blackbird, Coprolite, Coyote, Cretaceous, Cyperaceae, Dambo, Deer, Dehesa, Desert, Deserts and xeric shrublands, Dinosaur, Downland, Earth, Earthworm, Ecoregion, Ecosystem, Ecosystem services, Europe, Everglades, Field (agriculture), Flood-meadow, Flooded grasslands and savannas, Florida, ..., Forb, Fox, Fungus, Gazelle, Giant anteater, Grasshopper, Gray wolf, Grazing, Great bustard, Hare, Hawk, Herb, Herbivore, Hyena, Iberá Wetlands, Iberian Peninsula, Ice age, Illinois, Indiana, Juncaceae, Larva, Legume, Leopard, Lion, Lolium perenne, Los Llanos (South America), Lowland semi-natural grassland, Mammoth steppe, Meadow, Meadowlark, Midwestern United States, Miocene, Mite, Montane grasslands and shrublands, Mountain range, Mouse, Nematode, Neolithic, New World blackbird, North America, Northwestern Europe, Ohio, Organism, Owl, Pampas, Pantanal, Paraguay, Pastoralism, Pasture, Páramo, Phytolith, Plain, Plant, Plateau, Pleistocene, Pliocene, Poaceae, Prairie, Prairie dog, Przewalski's horse, Quail, Rain, Rangeland management, Rhinoceros, Rice, Savanna, Seedling, Serpentine soil, Shrubland, Skunk, Snake, Snipe, Sods, Soil, South America, Sparrow, Steppe, Taiga, Tallgrass prairie, Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands, Trifolium repens, Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands, Tundra, Tussock (grass), Urea, Uruguay, Vegetation, Veld, Water-meadow, Western United States, Wet meadow, Wild horse, Zebra. Expand index (93 more) » « Shrink index
Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), also known as the African savanna elephant, is the larger of the two species of African elephants, and the largest living terrestrial animal.
The American bison or simply bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper (12 May 1856 – 9 September 1901) was a German botanist and phytogeographer who made major contributions in the fields of histology, ecology and plant geography.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
In the Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States, balds are mountain summits or crests covered primarily by thick vegetation of native grasses or shrubs occurring in areas where heavy forest growth would be expected.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Badgers are short-legged omnivores in the family Mustelidae, which also includes the otters, polecats, weasels, and wolverines.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
A biogeographic realm or ecozone is the broadest biogeographic division of the Earth's land surface, based on distributional patterns of terrestrial organisms.
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
Bison are large, even-toed ungulates in the genus Bison within the subfamily Bovinae.
The blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), also called the common wildebeest, white-bearded wildebeest or brindled gnu, is a large antelope and one of the two species of wildebeest.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The Bushveld is a sub-tropical woodland ecoregion of Southern Africa named after the term veld.
Calcareous is an adjective meaning "mostly or partly composed of calcium carbonate", in other words, containing lime or being chalky.
Calcareous grassland (or alkaline grassland) is an ecosystem associated with thin basic soil, such as that on chalk and limestone downland.
A carnivore, meaning "meat eater" (Latin, caro, genitive carnis, meaning "meat" or "flesh" and vorare meaning "to devour"), is an organism that derives its energy and nutrient requirements from a diet consisting mainly or exclusively of animal tissue, whether through predation or scavenging.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins and Minas Gerais.
List |F. jubata Erxleben, 1777 |F. jubatus Schreber, 1775 |Felis guttata Hermann, 1804 |F. venatica Griffith, 1821 |Acinonyx venator Brookes, 1828 |F. fearonii Smith, 1834 |F. megaballa Heuglin, 1868 |C. jubatus Blanford, 1888 |Cynælurus jubata Mivart, 1900 |C. guttatus Hollister, 1911 --> The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is a large cat of the subfamily Felinae that occurs in Southern, North and East Africa, and a few localities in Iran. The species is IUCN Red Listed as vulnerable, as it suffered a substantial decline in its historic range in the 20th century due to habitat loss, poaching, illegal pet trade, and conflict with humans. By 2016, the global cheetah population has been estimated at approximately 7,100 individuals in the wild. Several African countries have taken steps to improve cheetah conservation measures. It is the fastest land animal. The only extant member of the genus Acinonyx, the cheetah was formally described by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1775. The cheetah is characterised by a slender body, deep chest, spotted coat, small rounded head, black tear-like streaks on the face, long thin legs and long spotted tail. Its lightly built, slender form is in sharp contrast with the robust build of the big cats, making it more similar to the cougar. The cheetah reaches nearly at the shoulder, and weighs. Though taller than the leopard, it is notably smaller than the lion. Typically yellowish tan or rufous to greyish white, the coat is uniformly covered with nearly 2,000 solid black spots. Cheetahs are active mainly during the day, with hunting their major activity. Adult males are sociable despite their territoriality, forming groups called coalitions. Females are not territorial; they may be solitary or live with their offspring in home ranges. Carnivores, cheetah mainly prey upon antelopes and gazelles. They will stalk their prey to within, charge towards it and kill it by tripping it during the chase and biting its throat to suffocate it to death. Cheetahs can reach speeds of in short bursts, but this is disputed by more recent measurements. The average speed of cheetahs is about. Cheetahs are induced ovulators, breeding throughout the year. Gestation is nearly three months long, resulting in a litter of typically three to five cubs (the number can vary from one to eight). Weaning occurs at six months; siblings tend to stay together for some time. Cheetah cubs face higher mortality than most other mammals, especially in the Serengeti region. Cheetahs inhabit a variety of habitatsdry forests, scrub forests and savannahs. Because of its prowess at hunting, the cheetah was tamed and used to kill game at hunts in the past. The animal has been widely depicted in art, literature, advertising and animation.
Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.
Clover or trefoil are common names for plants of the genus Trifolium (Latin, tres "three" + folium "leaf"), consisting of about 300 species of plants in the leguminous pea family Fabaceae.
A coastal plain is flat, low-lying land adjacent to a sea coast.
The common blackbird (Turdus merula) is a species of true thrush.
A coprolite is fossilized feces.
The coyote (Canis latrans); from Nahuatl) is a canine native to North America. It is smaller than its close relative, the gray wolf, and slightly smaller than the closely related eastern wolf and red wolf. It fills much of the same ecological niche as the golden jackal does in Eurasia, though it is larger and more predatory, and is sometimes called the American jackal by zoologists. The coyote is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to its wide distribution and abundance throughout North America, southwards through Mexico, and into Central America. The species is versatile, able to adapt to and expand into environments modified by humans. It is enlarging its range, with coyotes moving into urban areas in the Eastern U.S., and was sighted in eastern Panama (across the Panama Canal from their home range) for the first time in 2013., 19 coyote subspecies are recognized. The average male weighs and the average female. Their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography. It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or in loosely knit packs of unrelated individuals. It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal meat, including deer, rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates, though it may also eat fruits and vegetables on occasion. Its characteristic vocalization is a howl made by solitary individuals. Humans are the coyote's greatest threat, followed by cougars and gray wolves. In spite of this, coyotes sometimes mate with gray, eastern, or red wolves, producing "coywolf" hybrids. In the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, the eastern coyote (a larger subspecies, though still smaller than wolves) is the result of various historical and recent matings with various types of wolves. Genetic studies show that most North American wolves contain some level of coyote DNA. The coyote is a prominent character in Native American folklore, mainly in the Southwestern United States and Mexico, usually depicted as a trickster that alternately assumes the form of an actual coyote or a man. As with other trickster figures, the coyote uses deception and humor to rebel against social conventions. The animal was especially respected in Mesoamerican cosmology as a symbol of military might. After the European colonization of the Americas, it was reviled in Anglo-American culture as a cowardly and untrustworthy animal. Unlike wolves (gray, eastern, or red), which have undergone an improvement of their public image, attitudes towards the coyote remain largely negative.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
The Cyperaceae are a family of monocotyledonous graminoid flowering plants known as sedges, which superficially resemble grasses and rushes.
Dambo is a word used for a class of complex shallow wetlands in central, southern and eastern Africa, particularly in Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
A dehesa is a multifunctional, agrosylvopastoral system (a type of agroforestry) and cultural landscape of southern and central Spain and southern Portugal; in Portugal, it is known as a montado.
A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.
Deserts and xeric shrublands are a biome characterized by receiving only a small amount of moisture, usually defined as less than 250 mm of annual precipitation.
Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade Dinosauria.
A downland is an area of open chalk hills.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
An earthworm is a tube-shaped, segmented worm found in the phylum Annelida.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Ecosystem services are the many and varied benefits that humans freely gain from the natural environment and from properly-functioning ecosystems.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The Everglades is a natural region of tropical wetlands in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southern half of a large drainage basin and part of the neotropic ecozone.
In agriculture, a field is an area of land, enclosed or otherwise, used for agricultural purposes such as cultivating crops or as a paddock or other enclosure for livestock.
A flood-meadow (or floodmeadow) is an area of grassland or pasture beside a river, subject to seasonal flooding.
Flooded grasslands and savannas is a terrestrial biome of the WWF biogeographical system.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
A forb (sometimes spelled phorb) is an herbaceous flowering plant that is not a graminoid (grasses, sedges and rushes).
Foxes are small-to-medium-sized, omnivorous mammals belonging to several genera of the family Canidae.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
A gazelle is any of many antelope species in the genus Gazella or formerly considered to belong to it.
The giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), also known as the ant bear, is a large insectivorous mammal native to Central and South America.
Grasshoppers are insects of the suborder Caelifera within the order Orthoptera, which includes crickets and their allies in the other suborder Ensifera.
The gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).
Grazing is a method of feeding in which a herbivore feeds on plants such as grasses, or other multicellular organisms such as algae.
The great bustard (Otis tarda) is a bird in the bustard family, the only member of the genus Otis.
Hares and jackrabbits are leporids belonging to the genus Lepus.
Hawks are a group of medium-sized diurnal birds of prey of the family Accipitridae.
In general use, herbs are plants with savory or aromatic properties that are used for flavoring and garnishing food, in medicine, or as fragrances.
A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.
Hyenas or hyaenas (from Greek ὕαινα hýaina) are any feliform carnivoran mammals of the family Hyaenidae.
The Iberá Wetlands (Esteros del Iberá, from Guaraní ý berá: "bright water") are a mix of swamps, bogs, stagnant lakes, lagoons, natural slough and courses of water in the center and center-north of the.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental and polar ice sheets and alpine glaciers.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
Juncaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the rush family.
A larva (plural: larvae) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults.
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).
The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae.
The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the cat family (Felidae).
Lolium perenne, common name perennial ryegrass, English ryegrass, winter ryegrass, or ray grass, is a grass from the family Poaceae.
Los Llanos ("The Plains") is a vast tropical grassland plain situated to the east of the Andes in Colombia and Venezuela, in northwestern South America.
Lowland semi-natural grassland is grassland that has not had significant fertilizer or herbicide applied to it, and exists at an altitude of less than 350 metres.
During the Last Glacial Maximum, the mammoth steppe was the Earth’s most extensive biome.
A meadow is a field habitat vegetated by grass and other non-woody plants (grassland).
Meadowlarks are New World grassland birds belonging to genera Sturnella and Leistes.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
Mites are small arthropods belonging to the class Arachnida and the subclass Acari (also known as Acarina).
Montane grasslands and shrublands is a biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund.
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
A mouse (Mus), plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.
The nematodes or roundworms constitute the phylum Nematoda (also called Nemathelminthes).
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
The New World blackbirds consist of 26 species of icterid birds that share the name blackbird but do not correspond with a formal taxon.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined region of Europe, overlapping northern and western Europe.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Owls are birds from the order Strigiformes, which includes about 200 species of mostly solitary and nocturnal birds of prey typified by an upright stance, a large, broad head, binocular vision, binaural hearing, sharp talons, and feathers adapted for silent flight.
The Pampas (from the pampa, meaning "plain") are fertile South American lowlands that cover more than and include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and Córdoba; all of Uruguay; and the southernmost Brazilian State, Rio Grande do Sul.
The Pantanal is a natural region encompassing the world's largest tropical wetland area.
Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock.
Pasture (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing.
Páramo can refer to a variety of alpine tundra ecosystems.
Phytoliths (from Greek, "plant stone") are rigid, microscopic structures made of silica, found in some plant tissues and persisting after the decay of the plant.
In geography, a plain is a flat, sweeping landmass that generally does not change much in elevation.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Prairies are ecosystems considered part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome by ecologists, based on similar temperate climates, moderate rainfall, and a composition of grasses, herbs, and shrubs, rather than trees, as the dominant vegetation type.
Prairie dogs (genus Cynomys) are herbivorous burrowing rodents native to the grasslands of North America.
The Przewalski's horse (Khalkha, takhi; Ak Kaba Tuvan: dagy; Equus przewalskii or Equus ferus przewalskii), also called the Mongolian wild horse or Dzungarian horse, is a rare and endangered horse native to the steppes of central Asia.
Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds generally placed in the order Galliformes.
Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then becomes heavy enough to fall under gravity.
Rangeland management (also range management, range science, or arid-land management) is a professional natural science that centers around the study of rangelands and the "conservation and sustainable management for the benefit of current societies and future generations." Range management is defined by Holechek et al.
A rhinoceros, commonly abbreviated to rhino, is one of any five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae, as well as any of the numerous extinct species.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
A seedling is a young plant sporophyte developing out of a plant embryo from a seed.
Serpentine soil is mostly derived from ultramafic rocks; In particular, serpentinite, a rock formed by the hydration and metamorphic transformation of peridotite.
Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterised by vegetation dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, herbs, and geophytes.
Skunks are North and South American mammals in the family Mephitidae.
Snakes are elongated, legless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes.
A snipe is any of about 26 wading bird species in three genera in the family Scolopacidae.
Sods is a term used in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia for a mountain top meadow or bog, in an area that is otherwise generally forested.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Sparrows are a family of small passerine birds.
In physical geography, a steppe (p) is an ecoregion, in the montane grasslands and shrublands and temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands biomes, characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes.
Taiga (p; from Turkic), also known as boreal forest or snow forest, is a biome characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches.
The tallgrass prairie is an ecosystem native to central North America.
Temperate grasslands, savannahs, and shrublands are terrestrial biomes whose predominant vegetation consists of grass and/or shrubs.
Trifolium repens, the white clover (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae).
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands are terrestrial biomes dominated by grass and/or shrubs located in semi-arid to semi-humid climate regions of subtropical and tropical latitudes.
In physical geography, tundra is a type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons.
Tussock grasses or bunch grasses are a group of grass species in the Poaceae family.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Vegetation is an assemblage of plant species and the ground cover they provide.
Veld, also spelled veldt, is a type of wide open rural landscape in:Southern Africa.
A water-meadow (also water meadow or watermeadow) is an area of grassland subject to controlled irrigation to increase agricultural productivity.
The Western United States, commonly referred to as the American West, the Far West, or simply the West, traditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States.
A wet meadow is a type of wetland with soils that are saturated for part or all of the growing season.
The wild horse (Equus ferus) is a species of the genus ''Equus'', which includes as subspecies the modern domesticated horse (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the undomesticated tarpan (Equus ferus ferus, now extinct), and the endangered Przewalski's horse (Equus ferus przewalskii).
Zebras are several species of African equids (horse family) united by their distinctive black and white striped coats.