63 relations: Acoustic wave, Altitude, Altostratus undulatus cloud, American Geophysical Union, Amplitude, Ansatz, Arithmetic mean, Atmosphere, Atmosphere of Earth, Buoyancy, Capillary wave, Conservative vector field, Curvature, Dispersion (water waves), Dynamics (mechanics), Earth science, Fetch (geography), Fluid, Fluid dynamics, Force, Free surface, Gravity, Green's law, Group velocity, Horizontal convective rolls, Hydrostatic equilibrium, Infragravity wave, Interface (matter), Internal wave, Lee wave, List of things named after Leonhard Euler, Lunitidal interval, Mechanical equilibrium, Mesosphere, Momentum, Morning Glory cloud, Mountain, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Nonlinear system, Ocean, Orr–Sommerfeld equation, Partial derivative, Phase velocity, Quasi-biennial oscillation, Rayleigh's equation (fluid dynamics), Rayleigh–Taylor instability, Resonance, Rogue wave, Stratosphere, Stream function, ..., Stress (mechanics), Surface tension, Surface wave, Tide, Troposphere, Tsunami, Turbulence, Undertone series, Velocity, Wavenumber, Weather front, Wind wave, Young–Laplace equation. Expand index (13 more) » « Shrink index
Acoustic waves (also known as sound waves) are a type of longitudinal waves that propagate by means of adiabatic compression and decompression.
Altitude or height (sometimes known as depth) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, atmospheric pressure, and many more).
The altostratus undulatus is a type of altostratus cloud with signature undulations within it.
The American Geophysical Union (AGU) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization of geophysicists, consisting of over 62,000 members from 144 countries.
The amplitude of a periodic variable is a measure of its change over a single period (such as time or spatial period).
In physics and mathematics, an ansatz (meaning: "initial placement of a tool at a work piece", plural ansätze; or ansatzes) is an educated guessIn his book on "The Nature of Mathematical Modelling", Neil Gershenfeld introduces ansatz, with interpretation "a trial answer", to be an important technique for solving differential equations.
In mathematics and statistics, the arithmetic mean (stress on third syllable of "arithmetic"), or simply the mean or average when the context is clear, is the sum of a collection of numbers divided by the number of numbers in the collection.
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
In physics, buoyancy or upthrust, is an upward force exerted by a fluid that opposes the weight of an immersed object.
A capillary wave is a wave traveling along the phase boundary of a fluid, whose dynamics and phase velocity are dominated by the effects of surface tension.
In vector calculus, a conservative vector field is a vector field that is the gradient of some function, known in this context as a scalar potential.
In mathematics, curvature is any of a number of loosely related concepts in different areas of geometry.
In fluid dynamics, dispersion of water waves generally refers to frequency dispersion, which means that waves of different wavelengths travel at different phase speeds.
Dynamics is the branch of applied mathematics (specifically classical mechanics) concerned with the study of forces and torques and their effect on motion, as opposed to kinematics, which studies the motion of objects without reference to these forces.
Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.
The fetch, also called the fetch length, is the length of water over which a given wind has blown.
In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.
In physics and engineering, fluid dynamics is a subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that describes the flow of fluids - liquids and gases.
In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.
In physics, a free surface is the surface of a fluid that is subject to zero parallel shear stress, such as the boundary between two homogeneous fluids, for example liquid water and the air in the Earth's atmosphere.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
In fluid dynamics, Green's law describes the evolution of non-breaking surface gravity waves propagating in shallow water of gradually varying depth and width.
The group velocity of a wave is the velocity with which the overall shape of the wave's amplitudes—known as the modulation or envelope of the wave—propagates through space.
Horizontal convective rolls, also known as horizontal roll vortices or cloud streets, are long rolls of counter-rotating air that are oriented approximately parallel to the ground in the planetary boundary layer.
In fluid mechanics, a fluid is said to be in hydrostatic equilibrium or hydrostatic balance when it is at rest, or when the flow velocity at each point is constant over time.
Infragravity waves are surface gravity waves with frequencies lower than the wind waves – consisting of both wind sea and swell – thus corresponding with the part of the wave spectrum lower than the frequencies directly generated by forcing through the wind.
In the physical sciences, an interface is the boundary between two spatial regions occupied by different matter, or by matter in different physical states.
Internal waves are gravity waves that oscillate within a fluid medium, rather than on its surface.
In meteorology, lee waves are atmospheric stationary waves.
Leonhard Euler (1707–1783)In mathematics and physics, there are a large number of topics named in honor of Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler (1707–1783), who made many important discoveries and innovations.
The lunitidal interval, measures the time lag from the Moon passing overhead, to the next high or low tide.
In classical mechanics, a particle is in mechanical equilibrium if the net force on that particle is zero.
The mesosphere (from Greek mesos "middle" and sphaira "sphere") is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere that is directly above the stratosphere and directly below the thermosphere.
In Newtonian mechanics, linear momentum, translational momentum, or simply momentum (pl. momenta) is the product of the mass and velocity of an object.
The Morning Glory cloud is a rare meteorological phenomenon consisting of a low-level atmospheric solitary wave and associated cloud, occasionally observed in different locations around the world.
A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
In mathematics and science, a nonlinear system is a system in which the change of the output is not proportional to the change of the input.
An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.
The Orr–Sommerfeld equation, in fluid dynamics, is an eigenvalue equation describing the linear two-dimensional modes of disturbance to a viscous parallel flow.
In mathematics, a partial derivative of a function of several variables is its derivative with respect to one of those variables, with the others held constant (as opposed to the total derivative, in which all variables are allowed to vary).
The phase velocity of a wave is the rate at which the phase of the wave propagates in space.
The quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) is a quasiperiodic oscillation of the equatorial zonal wind between easterlies and westerlies in the tropical stratosphere with a mean period of 28 to 29 months.
In fluid dynamics, Rayleigh's equation or Rayleigh stability equation is a linear ordinary differential equation to study the hydrodynamic stability of a parallel, incompressible and inviscid shear flow.
The Rayleigh–Taylor instability, or RT instability (after Lord Rayleigh and G. I. Taylor), is an instability of an interface between two fluids of different densities which occurs when the lighter fluid is pushing the heavier fluid.
In physics, resonance is a phenomenon in which a vibrating system or external force drives another system to oscillate with greater amplitude at specific frequencies.
Rogue waves (also known as freak waves, monster waves, episodic waves, killer waves, extreme waves, and abnormal waves) are large, unexpected and suddenly appearing surface waves that can be extremely dangerous, even to large ships such as ocean liners.
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere.
The stream function is defined for incompressible (divergence-free) flows in two dimensions – as well as in three dimensions with axisymmetry.
In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
Surface tension is the elastic tendency of a fluid surface which makes it acquire the least surface area possible.
In physics, a surface wave is a mechanical wave that propagates along the interface between differing media.
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth.
The troposphere is the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere, and is also where nearly all weather conditions take place.
A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.
In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is any pattern of fluid motion characterized by chaotic changes in pressure and flow velocity.
In music, the undertone series or subharmonic series is a sequence of notes that results from inverting the intervals of the overtone series.
The velocity of an object is the rate of change of its position with respect to a frame of reference, and is a function of time.
In the physical sciences, the wavenumber (also wave number or repetency) is the spatial frequency of a wave, measured in cycles per unit distance or radians per unit distance.
A weather front is a boundary separating two masses of air of different densities, and is the principal cause of meteorological phenomena outside the tropics.
In fluid dynamics, wind waves, or wind-generated waves, are surface waves that occur on the free surface of bodies of water (like oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, canals, puddles or ponds).
In physics, the Young–Laplace equation is a nonlinear partial differential equation that describes the capillary pressure difference sustained across the interface between two static fluids, such as water and air, due to the phenomenon of surface tension or wall tension, although usage on the latter is only applicable if assuming that the wall is very thin.