190 relations: A Latin Dictionary, Aachen Cathedral, Acanthus (plant), American Silver Eagle, Anglo-Saxons, Anne-César, Chevalier de la Luzerne, Annuit cœptis, Argent, Arrow, Arthur Lee (diplomat), Arthur Middleton, Asa Gray, Augustin Dupré, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Axminster, Azure (heraldry), Bald eagle, Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Harrison, Benson John Lossing, Blazon, Book of Exodus, Brasher Doubloon, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Burning of Washington, C. A. L. Totten, Carpet, Centennial Exposition, Chargé d'affaires, Charles E. Barber, Charles Eliot Norton, Charles Thomson, Charles Washington, Chevron (insignia), Chief (heraldry), Claw, Coat of arms, Coat of arms of Ireland, Coin, Coinage Act of 1792, Congress Hall, Congress of the Confederation, Convention of Kanagawa, Crest (feathers), Crest (heraldry), Declaration of the Rights of the Man and of the Citizen of 1789, Dexter and sinister, Diplomatic mission, Divinity, Double eagle, ..., Dutch Republic, Dutch Republic Lion, E pluribus unum, Early American currency, Edwin Eugene Bagley, Egyptian pyramids, Elénor-François-Elie, Comte de Moustier, Elias Boudinot, Emblem book, Escutcheon (heraldry), Europe, Exequatur, Eye of Providence, Federal government of the United States, Federal Hall, Federal Reserve Note, Flag of the United States, Fleur-de-lis, Francis Hopkinson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen, Freedom Plaza, Freemasonry, Gaillard Hunt, Gate of Dawn, Genitive case, Genius (mythology), George F. Kennan, George Washington, Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Glory (optical phenomenon), Gold certificate, Great Britain, Great Seal of the Confederate States of America, Gules, Halo (religious iconography), Harper's Magazine, Harvard University, Hatching (heraldry), Hengist and Horsa, Henry A. Wallace, Heraldry, Hercules, History of the flags of the United States, Holy Trinity Column, Olomouc, Indian Peace Medal, Israelites, James G. Blaine, James Lovell (Continental Congress), John Adams, John Morin Scott, John Rutledge, Justin Winsor, Keeper of the Seals, Kingdom of Great Britain, Lady Justice, Law Library of Congress, Letters patent, Liberty (goddess), Liberty pole, Library of Congress, Masonic conspiracy theories, Matthew C. Perry, Mediterranean pass, Mercury (mythology), Middle Ages, Monochrome, Moses, Mount Vernon, National Archives and Records Administration, National coat of arms, National Emblem, National Park Service, New Deal, Northwest, Washington, D.C., Novus ordo seclorum, Obverse and reverse, Olive branch, Olive Branch Petition, Omniscience, Or (heraldry), Pale (heraldry), Paper embossing, Pharaoh, Phrygian cap, Pierre Eugene du Simitiere, Pillar of Fire (theophany), Placard, President of the Continental Congress, Proclamation, Proof coinage, Pyramid, Renaissance, Robert Scot, Roman numerals, Rule of tincture, Seal (emblem), Seal of New York, Seal of the President of the United States, Seal of the United States Senate, Second Continental Congress, Silver certificate, Silver certificate (United States), Spaso House, St. Paul's Chapel, Star (heraldry), Star polygons in art and culture, Step pyramid, Sterling silver, Supporter, Table (parliamentary procedure), The Gentleman's Magazine, The Thing (listening device), Thirteen Colonies, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Mifflin, Thomas Whitty, Tiffany & Co., Tincture (heraldry), Treaty of Ghent, Trinity, Tudor rose, United States, United States Congress, United States Declaration of Independence, United States Department of State, United States five-dollar bill, United States Mint, United States one-dollar bill, United States passport, United States Secretary of Agriculture, United States Secretary of State, Virgil, Vladimir Lenin All-Union Pioneer Organization, W. Averell Harriman, William Barton (heraldist), William Houston, William Short (American ambassador), World War II, 9/11 Commission. Expand index (140 more) » « Shrink index
A Latin Dictionary (or Harpers' Latin Dictionary, often referred to as Lewis and Short or L&S) is a popular English-language lexicographical work of the Latin language, published by Harper and Brothers of New York in 1879 and printed simultaneously in the United Kingdom by Oxford University Press.
Aachen Cathedral (German: Aachener Dom), traditionally called in English the Cathedral of Aix-la-Chapelle, is a Roman Catholic church in Aachen, western Germany, and the see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Aachen.
Acanthus is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Acanthaceae, native to tropical and warm temperate regions, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean Basin and Asia.
The American Silver Eagle is the official silver bullion coin of the United States.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Anne-César de La Luzerne (1741–1791) was an 18th-century French soldier and diplomat.
Annuit cœptis (in Classical Latin) is one of two mottos on the reverse side of the Great Seal of the United States.
In heraldry, argent is the tincture of silver, and belongs to the class of light tinctures called "metals." It is very frequently depicted as white and usually considered interchangeable with it.
An arrow is a fin-stabilized projectile that is launched via a bow, and usually consists of a long straight stiff shaft with stabilizers called fletchings, as well as a weighty (and usually sharp and pointed) arrowhead attached to the front end, and a slot at the rear end called nock for engaging bowstring.
Arthur Lee (20 December 1740 – 12 December 1792) was a physician and opponent of slavery in colonial Virginia in North America who served as an American diplomat during the American Revolutionary War.
Arthur Middleton (June 26, 1742 – January 1, 1787), of Charleston, South Carolina, was a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence.
Asa Gray (November 18, 1810 – January 30, 1888) is considered the most important American botanist of the 19th century.
Augustin Dupré (6 October 1748 in Saint-Étienne – 30 January 1833 in Armentières-en-Brie) was an engraver of French currency and medals, the 14th Graveur général des monnaies (Engraver General of Currency).
Augustus Saint-Gaudens (March 1, 1848 – August 3, 1907) was an American sculptor of the Beaux-Arts generation who most embodied the ideals of the "American Renaissance".
Axminster is a market town and civil parish on the eastern border of the county of Devon in England, some from the county town of Exeter.
In heraldry, azure is the tincture with the colour blue, and belongs to the class of tinctures called "colours".
The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus, from Greek ἅλς, hals "sea", αἰετός aietos "eagle", λευκός, leukos "white", κεφαλή, kephalē "head") is a bird of prey found in North America.
Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 23rd President of the United States from 1889 to 1893.
Benson John Lossing (February 12, 1813June 3, 1891) was a prolific and popular American historian, known best for his illustrated books on the American Revolution and American Civil War and features in Harper's Magazine.
In heraldry and heraldic vexillology, a blazon is a formal description of a coat of arms, flag or similar emblem, from which the reader can reconstruct the appropriate image.
The Book of Exodus or, simply, Exodus (from ἔξοδος, éxodos, meaning "going out"; וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹת, we'elleh shəmōṯ, "These are the names", the beginning words of the text: "These are the names of the sons of Israel" וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל), is the second book of the Torah and the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) immediately following Genesis.
The Brasher Doubloon is a rare American coin, privately minted in and after 1787.
The Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) is a government agency within the United States Department of the Treasury that designs and produces a variety of security products for the United States government, most notable of which is Federal Reserve Notes (paper money) for the Federal Reserve, the nation's central bank.
The Burning of Washington was a British invasion of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, during the War of 1812.
Charles Adelle Lewis Totten (February 3, 1851 – April 12, 1908) was an American military officer, a professor of military tactics, a prolific writer, and an influential early advocate of British Israelism.
A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing.
The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876, the first official World's Fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from May 10 to November 10, 1876, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia.
A chargé d'affaires, often shortened to chargé (French) and sometimes to charge-D (abbreviated in colloquial English), is a diplomat who heads an embassy in the absence of the ambassador.
Charles Edward Barber (November 16, 1840 – February 18, 1917) was an American Engraver and the sixth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1879 until his death in 1917.
Charles Eliot Norton (November 16, 1827 – October 21, 1908) was an American author, social critic, and professor of art.
Charles Thomson (November 29, 1729 – August 16, 1824) was an Irish-born Patriot leader in Philadelphia during the American Revolution and the secretary of the Continental Congress (1774–1789) throughout its existence.
Charles Washington (May 2, 1738 – September 16, 1799) was the youngest brother of United States President George Washington.
A chevron (also spelled cheveron, especially in older documents) is a V-shaped mark, often inverted.
In heraldic blazon, a chief is a charge on a coat of arms that takes the form of a band running horizontally across the top edge of the shield.
A claw is a curved, pointed appendage, found at the end of a toe or finger in most amniotes (mammals, reptiles, birds).
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.
The coat of arms of Ireland is blazoned as Azure a Celtic Harp Or, stringed Argent (a gold harp with silver strings on a blue background).
A coin is a small, flat, (usually) round piece of metal or plastic used primarily as a medium of exchange or legal tender.
The Coinage Act or the Mint Act, passed by the United States Congress on April 2, 1792, created the United States dollar as the country's standard unit of money, established the United States Mint, and regulated the coinage of the United States.
Congress Hall, located in Philadelphia at the intersection of Chestnut and 6th Streets, served as the seat of the United States Congress from December 6, 1790 to May 14, 1800.
The Congress of the Confederation, or the Confederation Congress, formally referred to as the United States in Congress Assembled, was the governing body of the United States of America that existed from March 1, 1781, to March 4, 1789.
On March 31, 1854, the or was the first treaty between the United States and the Tokugawa shogunate.
The crest is a prominent feature exhibited by several bird and other dinosaur species on their heads.
A crest is a component of a heraldic display, consisting of the device borne on top of the helm.
The Declaration of the Rights of the Man and of the Citizen of 1789 (Déclaration des droits de l'homme et du citoyen de 1789), set by France's National Constituent Assembly in 1789, is a human civil rights document from the French Revolution.
Dexter and sinister are terms used in heraldry to refer to specific locations in an escutcheon bearing a coat of arms, and to the other elements of an achievement.
A diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organisation present in another state to represent the sending state/organisation officially in the receiving state.
In religion, divinity or godhead is the state of things that are believed to come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, supreme being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy.
A double eagle is a gold coin of the United States with a denomination of $20.
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
The Dutch Republic Lion (also known as States Lion) was the badge of the Union of Utrecht, the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands and is a precursor of the current coat of arms of the Kingdom the Netherlands.
E pluribus unum—Latin for "Out of many, one" (alternatively translated as "One out of many" or "One from many") — is a 13-letter traditional motto of the United States, appearing on the Great Seal along with Annuit cœptis (Latin for "he approves the undertaking ") and Novus ordo seclorum (Latin for "New order of the ages"), and adopted by an Act of Congress in 1782.
Early American currency went through several stages of development in colonial and post-Revolutionary history of the United States.
Edwin Eugene Bagley (May 29, 1857January 29, 1922) was an American composer, most famous for composing the march National Emblem.
The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt.
Elénor-François-Élie, marquis de Moustier (15 March 1751, Paris - 1 February 1817, Versailles) was a French nobleman, army officer, and diplomat.
Elias Boudinot (May 2, 1740 – October 24, 1821) was a lawyer and statesman from Elizabeth, New Jersey who was a delegate to the Continental Congress (more accurately referred to as the Congress of the Confederation) and served as President of Congress from 1782 to 1783.
An emblem book is a book collecting emblems (allegorical illustrations) with accompanying explanatory text, typically morals or poems.
In heraldry, an escutcheon is a shield that forms the main or focal element in an achievement of arms.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
An exequatur is a legal document issued by a sovereign authority that permits the exercise or enforcement of a right within the jurisdiction of the authority.
The Eye of Providence (or the all-seeing eye of God) is a symbol showing an eye often surrounded by rays of light or a glory and usually enclosed by a triangle.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Federal Hall is the name given to the first of two historic buildings located at 26 Wall Street, New York City.
Federal Reserve Notes, also United States banknotes or U.S. banknotes, are the banknotes currently used in the United States of America.
The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag, is the national flag of the United States.
The fleur-de-lis/fleur-de-lys (plural: fleurs-de-lis/fleurs-de-lys) or flower-de-luce is a stylized lily (in French, fleur means "flower", and lis means "lily") that is used as a decorative design or motif, and many of the Catholic saints of France, particularly St. Joseph, are depicted with a lily.
Francis Hopkinson (September 21, 1737 – May 9, 1791) designed the first official American flag, Continental paper money, and the first U.S. coin.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen (August 4, 1817May 20, 1885) was an American lawyer and politician from New Jersey who served as a U.S. Senator and later as United States Secretary of State under President Chester A. Arthur.
Freedom Plaza, originally known as Western Plaza, is an open plaza in Northwest Washington, D.C., United States, located at the corner of 14th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW, adjacent to Pershing Park.
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.
Gaillard Hunt (September 8, 1862 – March 20, 1924) was an American author and civil servant.
The Gate of Dawn (Aušros vartai), or Sharp Gate (Ostra Brama, Вострая Брама, Острая брама) is a city gate in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, and one of its most important religious, historical and cultural monuments.
In grammar, the genitive (abbreviated); also called the second case, is the grammatical case that marks a word, usually a noun, as modifying another word, also usually a noun.
In Roman religion, the genius (plural geniī) is the individual instance of a general divine nature that is present in every individual person, place, or thing.
George Frost Kennan (February 16, 1904 – March 17, 2005) was an American diplomat and historian.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
Giovanni Battister Morgagni (25 February 1682 – 6 December 1771) was an Italian anatomist, generally regarded as the father of modern anatomical pathology, who taught thousands of medical students from many countries during his 56 years as Professor of Anatomy at the University of Padua.
A glory is an optical phenomenon, resembling an iconic saint's halo around the shadow of the observer's head, caused by sunlight or (more rarely) moonlight interacting with the tiny water droplets that compose mist or clouds.
A gold certificate in general is a certificate of ownership that gold owners hold instead of storing the actual gold.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
The Great Seal of the Confederate States of America, formally the Seal of the Confederate States, was used to authenticate certain documents issued by the C.S. government.
In heraldry, gules is the tincture with the colour red, and belongs to the class of dark tinctures called "colours." In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of vertical lines or else marked with gu. as an abbreviation.
A halo (from Greek ἅλως, halōs; also known as a nimbus, aureole, glory, or gloriole) is a crown of light rays, circle or disk of light that surrounds a person in art.
Harper's Magazine (also called Harper's) is a monthly magazine of literature, politics, culture, finance, and the arts.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hatchings are distinctive and systematic patterns of lines and dots used for designating heraldic tinctures or other colours on uncoloured surfaces, such as woodcuts or engravings, seals and coins.
Hengist and Horsa are legendary brothers said to have led the Angles, Saxons and Jutes in their invasion of Britain in the 5th century.
Henry Agard Wallace (October 7, 1888 – November 18, 1965) served as the 33rd Vice President of the United States (1941–1945), the 11th Secretary of Agriculture (1933–1940), and the 10th Secretary of Commerce (1945–1946).
Heraldry is a broad term, encompassing the design, display, and study of armorial bearings (known as armory), as well as related disciplines, such as vexillology, together with the study of ceremony, rank, and pedigree.
Hercules is a Roman hero and god.
This article describes the evolution of the flag of the United States of America, as well as other flags used within the country, such as the flags of governmental agencies.
The Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc, in the Czech Republic is a Baroque monument (Trinity column) that was built between 1716 to 1754.
Indian peace medals refer to ovular or circular medals awarded to tribal leaders throughout colonial America and early United States history, primarily made of silver or brass and ranging in diameter from about one to six inches.
The Israelites (בני ישראל Bnei Yisra'el) were a confederation of Iron Age Semitic-speaking tribes of the ancient Near East, who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods.
James Gillespie Blaine (January 31, 1830January 27, 1893) was an American statesman and Republican politician who represented Maine in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1863 to 1876, serving as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1869 to 1875, and then in the United States Senate from 1876 to 1881.
James Lovell (October 31, 1737 – July 14, 1814) was an American educator and statesman from Boston, Massachusetts.
John Adams (October 30 [O.S. October 19] 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the first Vice President (1789–1797) and second President of the United States (1797–1801).
John Morin Scott (1730 in New York City – September 14, 1784 in New York City) was a lawyer, military officer, and statesman before, during and after the American Revolution.
John Rutledge (September 17, 1739 – July 23, 1800) was the second Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and the first Governor of South Carolina after the Declaration of Independence.
Justin Winsor (January 2, 1831 – October 22, 1897) was a prominent American writer, librarian, and historian.
The title Keeper of the Seals or equivalent is used in several contexts, denoting the person entitled to keep and authorize use of the Great Seal of a given country.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
Lady Justice is an allegorical personification of the moral force in judicial systems.
The Law Library of Congress is the law library of the United States Congress.
Letters patent (always in the plural) are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.
Liberty is a loose term in English for the goddess or personification of the concept of liberty, and is represented by the Roman Goddess Libertas, by Marianne, the national symbol of France, and by many others.
A liberty pole is a tall wooden pole, often used as a type of flagstaff, planted in the ground, surmounted by a Phrygian cap.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Masonic conspiracy theories are conspiracy theories involving Freemasonry; hundreds of such conspiracy theories have been described since the late 18th century.
Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the United States Navy who commanded ships in several wars, including the War of 1812 and the Mexican–American War (1846–48).
The Mediterranean pass (or Mediterranean passport, the name used in the United States) was a document which identified a ship as being protected under a treaty with states of the Barbary Coast.
Mercury (Latin: Mercurius) is a major god in Roman religion and mythology, being one of the Dii Consentes within the ancient Roman pantheon.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
Mount Vernon was the plantation house of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and his wife, Martha Dandridge Custis Washington.
The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the United States government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records and with increasing public access to those documents, which comprise the National Archives.
A national coat of arms is a symbol which denotes an independent state in the form of a heraldic achievement.
"National Emblem", also known as the "National Emblem March", is an American march composed in 1902 and published in 1906 by Edwin Eugene Bagley.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
Northwest (NW or N.W.) is the northwestern quadrant of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, and is located north of the National Mall and west of North Capitol Street.
The phrase Novus ordo seclorum (Latin for "New order of the ages") is the second of two mottos that appear on the reverse (or back side) of the Great Seal of the United States.
Obverse and its opposite, reverse, refer to the two flat faces of coins and some other two-sided objects, including paper money, flags, seals, medals, drawings, old master prints and other works of art, and printed fabrics.
The olive branch is a symbol of peace or victory deriving from the customs of ancient Greece and found in most cultures of the Mediterranean basin.
The Olive Branch Petition was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 5, 1775 in a final attempt to avoid a full-on war between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies in America.
Omniscience, mainly in religion, is the capacity to know everything that there is to know.
In heraldry, or (French for "gold") is the tincture of gold and, together with argent (silver), belongs to the class of light tinctures called "metals", or light colours.
A pale is a term used in heraldic blazon and vexillology to describe a charge on a coat of arms (or flag), that takes the form of a band running vertically down the centre of the shield.
Embossing and debossing are the processes of creating either raised or recessed relief images and designs in paper and other materials.
Pharaoh (ⲡⲣ̅ⲣⲟ Prro) is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c. 3150 BCE) until the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BCE, although the actual term "Pharaoh" was not used contemporaneously for a ruler until circa 1200 BCE.
The Phrygian cap or liberty cap is a soft conical cap with the top pulled forward, associated in antiquity with several peoples in Eastern Europe and Anatolia, including Phrygia, Dacia, and the Balkans.
Pierre Eugene du Simitiere (born Pierre-Eugène Ducimetière,; 18 September 1737,Helmut Stalder, Swiss made – die Dollarnote, Beobachter 26/2010 (December 24, 2010). Geneva – October 1784, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) was a Swiss American member of the American Philosophical Society, naturalist, American patriot, and portrait painter.
A Pillar of Fire was one of the manifestations of the presence of the God of Israel in the Torah, the five books ascribed to Moses which conventionally appear at the beginning of the Bible's Old Testament.
A placard is a notice installed in a public place, like a small card, sign, or plaque.
The president of the Continental Congress was the presiding officer of the Continental Congress, the convention of delegates that emerged as the first (transitional) national government of the United States during the American Revolution.
A proclamation (Lat. proclamare, to make public by announcement) is an official declaration issued by a person of authority to make certain announcements known.
Proof coinage means special early samples of a coin issue, historically made for checking the dies and for archival purposes, but nowadays often struck in greater numbers specially for coin collectors (numismatists).
A pyramid (from πυραμίς) is a structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and converge to a single point at the top, making the shape roughly a pyramid in the geometric sense.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Robert Scot (October 2, 1745 – November 3, 1823) was Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1793 until his death in 1823.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
The most basic rule of heraldic design is the rule of tincture: metal should not be put on metal, nor colour on colour (Humphrey Llwyd, 1568).
A seal is a device for making an impression in wax, clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and is also the impression thus made.
The state seal of New York features the state arms (officially adopted in 1778) surrounded by the words "The Great Seal of the State of New York".
The Seal of the President of the United States is used to mark correspondence from the U.S. president to the U.S. Congress, and is also used as a symbol of the presidency itself.
The Seal of the United States Senate is the seal officially adopted by the United States Senate to authenticate certain official documents.
The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the spring of 1775 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
A silver certificate is a certificate of ownership that silver owners hold instead of storing the actual silver.
Silver certificates are a type of representative money issued between 1878 and 1964 in the United States as part of its circulation of paper currency.
Spaso House is a listed Neoclassical Revival building at No.
In heraldry, the term star may refer to any star-shaped charge with any number of rays, which may appear straight or wavy, and may or may not be pierced.
Star polygons and polygonal compounds are the basis for numerous figures of significance in arts and culture.
A step pyramid or stepped pyramid is an architectural structure that uses flat platforms, or steps, receding from the ground up, to achieve a completed shape similar to a geometric pyramid.
Sterling silver is an alloy of silver containing 92.5% by weight of silver and 7.5% by weight of other metals, usually copper.
In heraldry, supporters, sometimes referred to as attendants, are figures or objects usually placed on either side of the shield and depicted holding it up.
In parliamentary procedure, the verb to table has the opposite meaning in different countries.
The Gentleman's Magazine was founded in London, England, by Edward Cave in January 1731.
The Thing, also known as the Great Seal bug, was one of the first covert listening devices (or "bugs") to use passive techniques to transmit an audio signal.
The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
Thomas Mifflin (January 10, 1744January 20, 1800) was an American merchant and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Thomas Whitty (1713–1792) was an English carpet manufacturer who founded Axminster Carpets in 1755.
Tiffany & Company (known colloquially as Tiffany or Tiffany's) is an American luxury jewelry and specialty retailer, headquartered in New York City.
Tinctures constitute the limited palette of colours and patterns used in heraldry.
The Treaty of Ghent was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Greek τριάς and τριάδα, from "threefold") holds that God is one but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons".
The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England and takes its name and origins from the House of Tudor, which united the House of York and House of Lancaster.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States five-dollar bill ($5) is a denomination of United States currency.
The United States Mint is the agency that produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce, as well as controlling the movement of bullion.
The United States one-dollar bill ($1) is a denomination of United States currency.
United States passports are passports issued to citizens and nationals of the United States of America.
The United States Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
Publius Vergilius Maro (traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.
The Vladimir Lenin All-Union Pioneer Organization, abbreviated as or the Young Pioneers, was a mass youth organization of the Soviet Union for children of age 9–15 that existed between 1922 and 1991.
William Averell Harriman (November 15, 1891July 26, 1986) was an American Democratic politician, businessman, and diplomat.
William Barton (April 11, 1754 – October 21, 1817) was a Pennsylvania lawyer, scholar, and the designer (with Charles Thomson) of the Great Seal of the United States.
William Churchill Houston (1746 – August 12, 1788) was an American teacher, lawyer and statesman.
William Short (1759–1849) was an American diplomat during the early years of the United States.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, also known as the 9/11 Commission, was set up on November 27, 2002, "to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11 attacks", including preparedness for and the immediate response to the attacks.
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