84 relations: Alexander Bogdanov, Alexander Oparin, Alexander Prokhorov, Allen Kent, Anatoly Lunacharsky, Andrei Bubnov, Andrey Kolmogorov, Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia, Atomic physics, Azerbaijani Soviet Encyclopedia, Bering Sea, Bolsheviks, Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary, Byelorussian Soviet Encyclopedia, Censorship in the Soviet Union, Commonwealth of Independent States, Damnatio memoriae, Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopedia, Friedrich Wilhelm von Bergholz, George Berkeley, Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, Gleb Krzhizhanovsky, Gosizdat, Government of Russia, Great Russian Encyclopedia, Greece, Hamid Olimjon, Igor Grabar, Index (publishing), Institute of Red Professors, Ivan Knunyants, Karl Radek, Kazakh Soviet Encyclopedia, Kliment Voroshilov, Kyrgyz Soviet Encyclopedia, Labour movement, Latvian Soviet Encyclopedia, Lavrentiy Beria, Lithuanian encyclopedias, Macmillan Publishers, Maia Berzina, Marxism–Leninism, Maxim Gorky, Mikhail Frunze, Mikhail Pokrovsky, Moldavian Soviet Encyclopedia, Mykola Bazhan, Nikolai Baibakov, Nikolai Bukharin, ..., Nikolai Meshcheryakov, Nikolai Semashko (medicine), Nikolay Bogolyubov, Nikolay Burdenko, NKVD, Nuclear engineering, Otto Schmidt, Outline of space technology, Party line (politics), Pavel Lebedev-Polianskii, People's Commissariat for Education, Political economy, Polymer chemistry, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Radio-frequency engineering, Russia, Russian Academy of Sciences, Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Small Soviet Encyclopedia, Soviet Union, Tajik Soviet Encyclopedia, TheFreeDictionary.com, Turkmen Soviet Encyclopedia, Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia, Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia, Valerian Kuybyshev, Valery Bryusov, Veniamin Kagan, Victor Ambartsumian, Victor Glushkov, Vladimir Obruchev, Vladimir Putin, William Benton (senator), Yuri Prokhorov. Expand index (34 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Aleksandrovich Bogdanov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Богда́нов; born Alyaksandr Malinovsky, Алякса́ндр Алякса́ндравіч Маліно́ўскі) (– 7 April 1928) was a Russian and Soviet physician, philosopher, science fiction writer, and revolutionary of Belarusian ethnicity.
Alexander Ivanovich Oparin (Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Опа́рин) (– April 21, 1980) was a Soviet biochemist notable for his theories about the origin of life, and for his book The Origin of Life.
Alexander Mikhailovich Prokhorov (born Alexander Michael Prochoroff, Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович Про́хоров; 11 July 1916 – 8 January 2002) was an Australian born Russian physicist known for his pioneering research on lasers and masers for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 with Charles Hard Townes and Nikolay Basov.
Allen Kent (October 24, 1921 – May 1, 2014) was an information scientist.
Anatoly Vasilyevich Lunacharsky, – 26 December 1933) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and the first Bolshevik Soviet People's Commissar ("Narkompros"), responsible for Ministry and Education, as well as active playwright, critic, essayist, and journalist throughout his career.
Andrei Sergeyevich Bubnov; 23 March 1883 – 1 August 1938) was a Bolshevik revolutionary leader in Russia, and member of the Left Opposition.
Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (a, 25 April 1903 – 20 October 1987) was a 20th-century Soviet mathematician who made significant contributions to the mathematics of probability theory, topology, intuitionistic logic, turbulence, classical mechanics, algorithmic information theory and computational complexity.
The Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia (Հայկական սովետական հանրագիտարան, Haykakan sovetakan hanragitaran; ASE) publishing house was established in 1967 as a department of the Institute of History of the Armenian Academy of Sciences under the presidency of Viktor Hambardzumyan (1908–1996), co-edited by Abel Simonyan (1922–1994) and Makich Arzumanyan (1919–1988).
Atomic physics is the field of physics that studies atoms as an isolated system of electrons and an atomic nucleus.
The Azerbaijani Soviet Encyclopedia (in Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Sovet Ensiklopediyası, Cyrillic: Азәрбајҹан Совет Енсиклопедијасы) is a 10 volume universal encyclopedia published in Baku, Azerbaijan from 1976 to 1987 by the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.
The Bering Sea (r) is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
The Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (Russian: Энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона, abbr. ЭСБЕ; 35 volumes, small; 86 volumes, large) is a comprehensive multi-volume encyclopedia in Russian.
The Byelorussian Soviet Encyclopedia (Беларуская Савецкая Энцыклапедыя) is the first universal encyclopaedia in the Belarusian language in 12 volumes printed in Minsk from 1969 to 1975.
Censorship in the Soviet Union was pervasive and strictly enforced.
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS; r), also nicknamed the Russian Commonwealth (in order to distinguish it from the Commonwealth of Nations), is a political and economic intergovernmental organization of nine member states and one associate member, all of which are former Soviet Republics located in Eurasia (primarily in Central to North Asia), formed following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Damnatio memoriae is a modern Latin phrase literally meaning "condemnation of memory", meaning that a person must not be remembered.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia is a reference work or compendium providing summaries of information from either all branches of knowledge or from a particular field or discipline.
Friedrich Wilhelm von Bergholz (1699–1765) was a courtier from Holstein.
George Berkeley (12 March 168514 January 1753) — known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne) — was an Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the advancement of a theory he called "immaterialism" (later referred to as "subjective idealism" by others).
The Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia (ქართული საბჭოთა ენციკლოპედია, ქსე) is the first universal encyclopedia in the Georgian language, printed in Tbilisi from 1965, the editor in chief of which was Irakli Abashidze.
Gleb Maximilianovich Krzhizhanovsky (Глеб Максимилиа́нович Кржижано́вский) (24 January 1872 – 31 March 1959) was a Soviet Scientist and a state figure.
Gosizdat was the State Publishing House founded in Russia on 21 May 1919.
The Government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation.
The Great Russian Encyclopedia (GRE; Большая российская энциклопедия, БРЭ, transliterated as Bolshaya rossiyskaya entsiklopediya or academically as Bolšaja rossijskaja enciklopedija) is a universal Russian encyclopedia, completed in 36 volumes, published since 2004 by Great Russian Encyclopedia, JSC (Большая Российская энциклопедия ПАО, transliterated as Bolshaya Rossiyskaya Entsiklopediya PAO).
Hamid Olimjon (sometimes spelled Hamid Alimjan in English) (Ҳамид Олимжон; Hamid Olimjon; Хамид Алимджан; Khamid Alimdzhan) (12 December 1909 – 3 July 1944) was an Uzbek poet, playwright, scholar, and literary translator of the Soviet period.
Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar (Игорь Эммануилович Грабарь, 25 March 1871 in Budapest – 16 May 1960 in Moscow) was a Russian post-impressionist painter, publisher, restorer and historian of art.
An index (plural: usually indexes, more rarely indices; see below) is a list of words or phrases ('headings') and associated pointers ('locators') to where useful material relating to that heading can be found in a document or collection of documents.
The Institute of Red Professors of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) (Институ́т кра́сной профессу́ры, ИКП) was an institute of graduate-level education in the Marxist social sciences located in the Orthodox Convent of the Passion, Moscow.
Ivan Lyudvigovich Knunyants (Իվան Կնունյանց, Иван Людвигович Кнунянц; (Shusha, Elisabethpol Governorate, Russian Empire) – 21 December 1990 (Moscow), was a Soviet chemist of Armenian origin, academic of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, a Major General and engineer, who significantly contributed to the advancement of Soviet chemistry. He made more than 200 inventions, many of which used in the Soviet industry. Graduated from Moscow Bauman Highest Technical School (MVTU) 1928, student of Aleksei Chichibabin. Leader of laboratory for elementooranic chemistry. He was one of the pioneers of the synthesis of poly-caprolactam (capron, nylon-6, polyamide-6), founder of Soviet school of fluorocarbon's chemistry, one of major developers of Soviet chemical weapons program, also an author of a few drugs for chemotherapy of cancer. He proposed the method of getting the 5-hydroxypentan-2-one from ethyl ethanoate and oxirane, also used in the industrial synthesis of vitamin B. His scientific group synthesized compounds containing fluorine, along with nitro-, amino-hydroxy-isoquinoline-air and other groups.
Karl Berngardovich Radek (31 October 1885 – 19 May 1939) was a Marxist active in the Polish and German social democratic movements before World War I and an international Communist leader in the Soviet Union after the Russian Revolution.
Kazakh Soviet Encyclopedia (Қазақ Кеңес энциклопедиясы) - was a multi purpose Encyclopedia of Kazakhstan, issued in the USSR.
Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov (Kliment Jefremovič Vorošilov; Климент Охрімович Ворошилов, Klyment Okhrimovyč Vorošylov), popularly known as Klim Voroshilov (Клим Вороши́лов, Klim Vorošilov) (4 February 1881 – 2 December 1969), was a prominent Soviet military officer and politician during the Stalin era.
The Kyrgyz Soviet Encyclopedia (Кыргыз Совет Энциклопедиясы) is the first Kyrgyz language general encyclopedia.
The labour movement or labor movement consists of two main wings, the trade union movement (British English) or labor union movement (American English), also called trade unionism or labor unionism on the one hand, and the political labour movement on the other.
The Latvian Soviet Encyclopedia (Latvijas padomju enciklopēdija) is a universal encyclopedia in Latvian in 10 volumes.
Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (p; tr,; 29 March 1899 – 23 December 1953) was a Soviet politician, Marshal of the Soviet Union and state security administrator, chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus (NKVD) under Joseph Stalin during World War II, and promoted to deputy premier under Stalin from 1941.
Lithuanian encyclopedias are encyclopedias published in the Lithuanian language or encyclopedias about Lithuania and Lithuania-related topics.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd (occasionally known as the Macmillan Group) is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group.
Maia Yanovna Berzina (Майя Яновна Берзина, October 25, 1910 in Paris – August 30, 2002) was a prominent Soviet ethnographer, geographer and cartographer (member of Soviet Geographic Society from 1954).
In political science, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of the Communist International and of Stalinist political parties.
Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; – 18 June 1936), primarily known as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky (Макси́м Го́рький), was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist.
Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze (2 February 1885 – 31 October 1925) was a Bolshevik leader during and just prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Pokrovsky (Михаи́л Никола́евич Покро́вский, – April 10, 1932) was a Russian Marxist historian.
Moldavian Soviet Encyclopedia (Енчиклопедия советикэ молдовеняскэ, Enciclopedia sovietică moldovenească) - was a multi purpose Encyclopedia of Moldavia, issued in the USSR.
Mykola Platonovych Bazhan (– 23 November 1983) was a Soviet Ukrainian writer, poet, highly decorated political and public figure.
Nikolai Konstantinovich Baibakov (Никола́й Константи́нович Байбако́в) (6 March 1911, Sabunchu, near Baku, Russian Empire – 31 March 2008, Moscow) was a Soviet statesman, economist and Hero of Socialist Labor.
Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin (– 15 March 1938) was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary, Soviet politician and prolific author on revolutionary theory.
Nikolai Leonidovich Meshcheryakov (Николай Леонидович Мещеряков; 1865–1942) was head of the State Publishing House in Russia in the 1920s.
Nikolai Aleksandrovich Semashko (Никола́й Алекса́ндрович Сема́шко) (– May 18, 1949), was a Russian statesman who became People's Commissar of Public Health in 1918, and served in that role until 1930.
Nikolay Nikolayevich Bogolyubov (Никола́й Никола́евич Боголю́бов; 21 August 1909 – 13 February 1992), also transliterated as Bogoliubov and Bogolubov, was a Soviet mathematician and theoretical physicist known for a significant contribution to quantum field theory, classical and quantum statistical mechanics, and the theory of dynamical systems; He was the recipient of the 1992 Dirac Prize.
Nikolay Nilovich Burdenko (Никола́й Ни́лович Бурде́нко; – 11 November 1946) was a Russian and Soviet surgeon, the founder of Russian neurosurgery.
The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.
Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei (fission) or of combining atomic nuclei (fusion), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics.
Otto Yulyevich Schmidt (Отто Юльевич Шмидт; – September 7, 1956) was a Soviet scientist, mathematician, astronomer, geophysicist, statesman, academician, Hero of the USSR (27 June 1937), and member of the Communist Party.
Space technology is technology developed by space science or the aerospace industry for use in spaceflight, satellites, or space exploration.
In politics, the line or the party line is an idiom for a political party or social movement's canon agenda, as well as ideological elements specific to the organization's partisanship.
Pavel Ivanovich Lebedev-Polianskii (21 December 1881 – 2 January 1948) was Bolshevik revolutionary and later state functionary and literary scholar.
The People's Commissariat for Education (or Narkompros; Народный комиссариат просвещения, Наркомпрос) was the Soviet agency charged with the administration of public education and most other issues related to culture.
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Polymer chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline that deals with the structures, chemical synthesis and properties of polymers, primarily synthetic polymers such as plastics and elastomers.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a broadcasting organization that broadcasts and reports news, information, and analysis to countries in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East where it says that "the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed".
Radio-frequency engineering, or RF engineering, is a subset of electrical engineering involving the application of transmission line, waveguide, antenna and electromagnetic field principles to the design and application of devices that produce or utilize signals within the range of about 20 kHz up to 300 GHz.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov (Серге́й Ива́нович Вави́лов (– January 25, 1951) was a Soviet physicist, the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences from July 1945 until his death. His elder brother Nikolai Vavilov was a famous Russian geneticist.
The Small Soviet Encyclopedia (Russian: Малая Советская Энциклопедия) was a general encyclopedia published in the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Tajik Soviet Encyclopedia (Энциклопедияи советии тоҷик) is the first universal encyclopedia in the Tajik language, published in Dushanbe from 1978 to 1988 in eight volumes.
TheFreeDictionary.com is an American online dictionary and encyclopedia that gathers information from a variety of sources.
The Turkmen Soviet Encyclopedia (Түркмен совет энциклопедиясы) was the first encyclopedia in the Turkmen language (Cyrillic alphabet), published in Ashkhabad in ten volumes from 1974 to 1989.
Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia (Українська радянська енциклопедія) was a multi-purpose Encyclopedia of Ukraine, issued in the USSR.
The Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia (Oʻzbek sovet ensikopediyasi, OʻzSE in Latin script, Ўзбек совет энциклопедияси, ЎзСЭ in Cyrillic script; Узбекская советская энциклопедия, УзСЭ) is the largest and most comprehensive encyclopedia in the Uzbek language, comprising 14 volumes.
Valerian Vladimirovich Kuybyshev (Валериа́н Влади́мирович Ку́йбышев; – 25 January 1935) was a Russian revolutionary, Red Army officer, and prominent Soviet politician.
Valery Yakovlevich Bryusov (a; – 9 October 1924) was a Russian poet, prose writer, dramatist, translator, critic and historian.
Veniamin Fedorovich Kagan (Вениами́н Фёдорович Ка́ган; 10 March 1869 – 8 May 1953) was a Russian and Soviet mathematician and expert in geometry.
Victor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian (Ви́ктор Амаза́спович Амбарцумя́н; Վիկտոր Համազասպի Համբարձումյան, Viktor Hamazaspi Hambardzumyan; 12 August 1996) was a Soviet Armenian scientist, and one of the founders of theoretical astrophysics.
Victor Mikhailovich Glushkov (a; August 24, 1923 – January 30, 1982) was a Soviet mathematician, the founding father of information technology in the Soviet Union, and one of the founders of Cybernetics.
Vladimir Afanasyevich Obruchev (Влади́мир Афана́сьевич О́бручев;, Klepenino near Rzhev, Tver Oblast, Russian Empire – June 19, 1956, Moscow, USSR) was a Russian and Soviet geologist who specialized in the study of Siberia and Central Asia.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
William Burnett Benton (April 1, 1900 – March 18, 1973) was an American senator from Connecticut (1949–1953) and publisher of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1943–1973).
Yuri Vasilyevich Prokhorov (Ю́рий Васи́льевич Про́хоров; 15 December 1929 – 16 July 2013) was a Russian mathematician, active in the field of probability theory.
Big Soviet Encyclopedia, Bolshaya Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya, Great Soviet Encyclopaedia, Great Soviet Encyclopædia, Great Soviet Encylopaedia, Soviet Encyclopedia, The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, Большая Советская Энциклопедия, Большая советская энциклопедия.