52 relations: Back vowel, Black Death, Cambridge University Press, Canaanite shift, Chain shift, Consonant mutation, Continental Europe, Coronal consonant, Denmark, Diphthong, Early Scots, English language in Northern England, English orthography, English phonology, English studies, Father, Fronting (phonetics), Furman University, Geoffrey Chaucer, German language, Harvard University, Hearing, History of English, Hypercorrection, International Phonetic Alphabet, Labial consonant, Linguistics, Loanword, Middle English, Middle High German, Middle Scots, Modern English, Orthoepy, Otto Jespersen, Phoneme, Phonemic orthography, Phonological history of English high front vowels, Phonological history of English vowels, Printing press, Raising (phonetics), Received Pronunciation, Richard Pynson, Scotland, Scots language, Soufflé, The Chaos, University of Ottawa Press, Vowel breaking, Vowel length, Vowel shift, ..., William Caxton, Yale University Press. Expand index (2 more) » « Shrink index
A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
In historical linguistics, the Canaanite shift is a sound change that took place in the Canaanite dialects, which belong to the Northwest Semitic branch of the Semitic languages family.
In historical linguistics, a chain shift is a set of sound changes in which the change in pronunciation of one speech sound (typically, a phoneme) is linked to, and presumably causes, the change in pronunciation of other sounds as well.
Consonant mutation is change in a consonant in a word according to its morphological or syntactic environment.
Continental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands.
Coronal consonants are consonants articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
Early Scots was the emerging literary language of the Northern Middle English speaking parts of Scotland in the period before 1450.
The English language in Northern England has been shaped by the region's history of settlement and migration, and today encompasses a group of related dialects known as Northern England English (or, simply, Northern English in the United Kingdom).
English orthography is the system of writing conventions used to represent spoken English in written form that allows readers to connect spelling to sound to meaning.
Like many other languages, English has wide variation in pronunciation, both historically and from dialect to dialect.
English studies (usually called simply English) is an academic discipline taught in primary, secondary, and post-secondary education in English-speaking countries; it is not to be confused with English taught as a foreign language, which is a distinct discipline.
A father is the male parent of a child.
In phonology, fronting is a sound change in which a vowel or consonant becomes fronted, advanced or pronounced farther to the front of the vocal tract than some reference point.
Furman University is a private, coeducational liberal arts college in Travelers Rest, South Carolina.
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hearing, or auditory perception, is the ability to perceive sounds by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear.
English is a West Germanic language that originated from Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain in the mid 5th to 7th centuries AD by Anglo-Saxon settlers from what is now northwest Germany, west Denmark and the Netherlands, displacing the Celtic languages that previously predominated.
In linguistics or usage, hypercorrection is a non-standard usage that results from the over-application of a perceived rule of grammar or a usage prescription.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Middle High German (abbreviated MHG, Mittelhochdeutsch, abbr. Mhd.) is the term for the form of German spoken in the High Middle Ages.
Middle Scots was the Anglic language of Lowland Scotland in the period from 1450 to 1700.
Modern English (sometimes New English or NE as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550.
Orthoepy is the study of pronunciation of a particular language, within a specific oral tradition.
Jens Otto Harry Jespersen or Otto Jespersen (16 July 1860 – 30 April 1943) was a Danish linguist who specialized in the grammar of the English language.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
In linguistics, a phonemic orthography is an orthography (system for writing a language) in which the graphemes (written symbols) correspond to the phonemes (significant spoken sounds) of the language.
The high and mid-height front vowels of English (vowels of i and e type) have undergone a variety of changes over time, often varying from dialect to dialect.
In the history of English phonology, there were many diachronic sound changes affecting vowels, especially involving phonemic splits and mergers.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
In phonology and phonetics, raising is a sound change in which a vowel or consonant becomes higher or raised, meaning that the tongue becomes more elevated or positioned closer to the roof of the mouth than before.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.
Richard Pynson (1448 in Normandy – 1529) was one of the first printers of English books.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
A soufflé is a baked egg-based dish which originated in early eighteenth century France.
"The Chaos" is a poem demonstrating the irregularity of English spelling and pronunciation.
The University of Ottawa Press (Les Presses de l'Université d'Ottawa) is a bilingual university press located in Ottawa, Ontario.
In historical linguistics, vowel breaking, vowel fracture, or diphthongization is the change of a monophthong into a diphthong or triphthong.
In linguistics, vowel length is the perceived duration of a vowel sound.
A vowel shift is a systematic sound change in the pronunciation of the vowel sounds of a language.
William Caxton (c. 1422 – c. 1491) was an English merchant, diplomat, writer and printer.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
Australian Vowel Shift, Cockney Vowel Shift, Great English Vowel Shift, Great Vowel Problem, Great Vowel Switch, Great Wovel Shift, Great vowel shift, South African Vowel Shift, The Great Vowel Shift, The Great Vowel Switch, Tudor Vowel Shift, Tudor vowel shift.