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The A1 Ethniki (Α1 Εθνική Κατηγορία), often referred to as the Greek Volleyball League, is the highest professional volleyball league in Greece.
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The A1 Ethniki (Α1 Εθνική Κατηγορία), often referred to as the Greek Water Polo League, is the highest professional water polo league in Greece.
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The Greek Women's Water Polo A1 League (ελληνικό πρωτάθλημα υδατοσφαίρισης της Α1 γυναικών) is the premier championship for women's water polo teams in Greece.
The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Awards or The Oscars is an annual American awards ceremony honoring cinematic achievements in the film industry.
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The Academy of Athens (Ακαδημία Αθηνών, Akadimía Athinón) is Greece's national academy, and the highest research establishment in the country.
Turkey's application to accede to the European Economic Community, the predecessor of the European Union (EU), was made on 14 April 1987.
Achaea or Achaia, sometimes transliterated from Greek as Akhaïa (Αχαΐα Achaïa), is one of the regional units of Greece.
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Achaea or Achaia, sometimes transliterated from Greek as Akhaïa (Αχαΐα Achaïa), was a province of the Roman Empire, consisting of the Peloponnese, eastern Central Greece, and parts of Thessaly.
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The Achaemenid Empire, also called the, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great, notable for embracing various civilizations and becoming the largest empire of the ancient history, spanning at its maximum extent from the Balkans and Eastern Europe proper in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east.
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The Acritic songs ("frontiersmen songs") are the heroic or epic poetry that emerged in the Byzantine Empire probably around the 9th century.
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Adamantios Korais or Coraïs (Ἀδαμάντιος Κοραῆς) (27 April 1748 – 6 April 1833) was a Greek humanist scholar credited with laying the foundations of Modern Greek literature and a major figure in the Greek Enlightenment.
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The administrative regions of Greece (περιφέρειες, peripheries) are the country's first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units, originally prefectures and, since 2011, regional units.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ("leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
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Aegean Airlines S.A. (Αεροπορία Αιγαίου Ανώνυμη Αεροπορική Εταιρεία) is the largest Greek airline by total number of passengers carried, by number of destinations served and by fleet size.
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The Aegean Islands (Νησιά Αιγαίου, transliterated: Nisiá Aigaíou; Ege Adaları) are the group of islands in the Aegean Sea, with mainland Greece to the west and north and Turkey to the east; the island of Crete delimits the sea to the south, those of Rhodes, Karpathos and Kasos to the southeast.
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The Aegean Sea (Αιγαίο Πέλαγος; Ege Denizi or Adalar Denizi) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey.
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AEK F.C. (ΠΑΕ ΑΕΚ), also known simply as AEK, AEK Athens (in European competitions), or with its full name Athlitiki Enosis Konstantinoupoleos (Αθλητική Ένωσις Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Athletic Union of Constantinople), is a major Greek association football club based in Nea Filadelfeia suburb of Athens.
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A.E.K Basketball Club (Αθλητική Ένωσις Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Athlitiki Enosis Constantinoupoleos, means Athletic Union of Constantinople), also known simply as AEK BC, AEK or AEK Athens (in European competitions), is a Greek professional sports basketball club based in Athens, Greece, part of the major multi-sport club A.E.K..
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The Aeneid (Aenēis) is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.
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Aeschylus (or; Αἰσχύλος Aiskhulos;; c. 525/524 – c. 456/455 BC) was an ancient Greek tragedian.
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Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
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Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent.
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The Age of Enlightenment or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason is an era from the 1620s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, and individualism rather than traditional lines of authority.
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The Ageing of Europe, also known as the greying of Europe, is a demographic phenomenon in Europe characterised by a decrease in fertility, a decrease in mortality rate, and a higher life expectancy among European populations.
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Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other products used to sustain and enhance human life.
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Aimilios Veakis (Αιμίλιος Βεάκης; December 13, 1884 – June 29, 1951) was one of the greatest Greek actors.
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The Akritai (ἀκρίται, singular: Akritēs, ἀκρίτης) is a term used in the Byzantine Empire in the 9th-11th centuries to denote the army units guarding the Empire's eastern border, facing the Muslim states of the Middle East.
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Albania (or sometimes,; Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia, Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
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Albanian (shqip or gjuha shqipe, meaning Albanian language) is an Indo-European language spoken by five million people, primarily in Albania, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia, and Greece, but also in other areas of Southeastern Europe in which there is an Albanian population, including Montenegro and the Preševo Valley of Serbia.
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Alekos Sakellarios (Αλέκος Σακελλάριος, 7 November 1913 in Athens – 28 August 1991 in Athens) was a Greek writer and a director.
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The Alenia C-27J Spartan is a medium-sized military transport aircraft developed and manufactured by Alenia Aermacchi.
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Alexander Payne (born Constantine Alexander Payne; February 10, 1961) is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer, known for the films Citizen Ruth (1996), Election (1999), About Schmidt (2002), Sideways (2004), The Descendants (2011), and Nebraska (2013).
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Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas, from the Greek ἀλέξω (alexō) "defend" and ἀνδρ- (andr-), the stem of ἀνήρ (anēr) "man" and means "protector of men") was a King (Basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;. and a member of the Argead dynasty, a famous ancient Greek royal house.
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Alexander Ypsilantis, Ypsilanti, or Alexandros Ypsilantis (Αλέξανδρος Υψηλάντης; Alexandru Ipsilanti; Александр Константинович Ипсиланти; 12 December 1792 – 31 January 1828) was a member of a prominent Phanariot Greek family, a prince of the Danubian Principalities, a senior officer of the Imperial Russian cavalry during the Napoleonic Wars, and a leader of the Filiki Eteria, a secret organization that coordinated the beginning of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire.
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Alexandria (or; اسكندرية, in Egyptian Arabic) is the second largest city and a major economic centre in Egypt, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
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Alexandros Pepekas Papadiamantis (Ἀλέξανδρος Παπαδιαμάντης; 4 March 1851 – 3 January 1911) was an influential Greek novelist, short-story writer and poet.
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Alexandroupoli (Αλεξανδρούπολη) is a city in Greece and the capital of the Evros regional unit in East Macedonia and Thrace.
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Alexis Minotakis, known as Alexis Minotis (Αλέξης Μινωτάκης/Μινωτής), was born 8 August 1898 or 1899 in Deliana (Δελιανά), Chania, Crete and died on 11 November 1990 in Athens, Greece.
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Alexis Tsipras (Αλέξης Τσίπρας, phonetically:; born 28 July 1974) is a Greek politician and the 185th and current Prime Minister of Greece, serving from 26 January 2015 to 27 August 2015 and since 21 September 2015.
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An all-time medal table for all Olympic Games from 1896 to 2014, including Summer Olympic Games, Winter Olympic Games, and a combined total of both, is tabulated below.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
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Allyn & Bacon, founded in 1868, is a higher education textbook publisher in the areas of education, humanities and social sciences.
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The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis, Amygdalus dulcis) (or badam in Indian English, from بادام) is a species of tree native to the Middle East and South Asia.
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Alpine climate is the average weather (climate) for the regions above the tree line.
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America, America (British title The Anatolian Smile—a reference to an ongoing acknowledgment of Stavros's captivating smile) is a 1963 American dramatic film directed, produced and written by Elia Kazan, from his own book.
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Anatolia (from Greek Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ — "east" or "(sun)rise"; in modern), in geography known as Asia Minor (from Mīkrá Asía — "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, Anatolian peninsula, or Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of the Republic of Turkey.
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Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (circa 600 AD).
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Ancient Greek includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
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The architecture of Ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland and Peloponnesus, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Asia Minor and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC.
Ancient Greek comedy was one of the final three principal dramatic forms in the theatre of classical Greece (the others being tragedy and the satyr play).
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Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Ancient Greece was part of the Roman Empire.
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Ancient Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs, rituals, and mythology originating in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices.
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The Olympic Games (Ολυμπιακοί αγώνες., "Olympiakoi Agones") were a series of athletic competitions among representatives of city-states and one of the Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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Andreas Embirikos (Ανδρέας Εμπειρίκος; Brăila, 2 September 1901 – 3 August 1975, Athens) was a Greek surrealist poet and the first Greek psychoanalyst.
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Andreas Kalvos (Ἀνδρέας Κάλβος, also transliterated as Andreas Calvos; 1792 – November 3, 1869) was a Greek poet of the Romantic school.
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Andreas G. Papandreou (Ανδρέας Γ. Παπανδρέου;; 5 February 1919 – 23 June 1996) was a Greek economist, a socialist politician and a dominant figure in Greek politics.
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Andros (Άνδρος) is the northernmost island of the Greek Cyclades archipelago, approximately south east of Euboea, and about north of Tinos.
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Angelos Sikelianos (Άγγελος Σικελιανός; 28 March 1884 – 19 June 1951) was a Greek lyric poet and playwright.
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The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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The Athletic Nautical Club of Glyfada, or "ANOG" (Greek: Αθλητικός Ναυτικός Όμιλος Γλυφάδας, "ΑΝΟΓ") was founded by 20 local sportsmen in 1946 and is located Glyfada.
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The anti-austerity movement in Greece involves a series of demonstrations and general strikes taking place across the country.
Anti-communism is opposition to communism.
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The Antigonid dynasty (Ἀντιγονίδαι) was a dynasty of Hellenistic kings descended from Alexander the Great's general Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed").
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Antioch on the Orontes was an ancient Greek - Roman city on the eastern side of the Orontes River.
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Antirrio (Αντίρριο, pronounced, Antirrhium) is a town and a former municipality in Aetolia-Acarnania, West Greece, Greece.
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Aphrodite (Greek: Ἀφροδίτη) is the Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.
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Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
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The terms Apostasia (Αποστασία, "Apostasy") or Iouliana (Ιουλιανά, "July events") or the Royal Coup (Το Βασιλικό Πραξικόπημα To Vasiliko Praxikopima) are used to describe the political crisis in Greece that centred on the resignation, on 15 July 1965, of Prime Minister Georgios Papandreou and the appointment, by King Constantine II, of successive prime ministers from Papandreou's own party, the Center Union, to replace him.
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Arcadia (Αρκαδία, Arkadía) is one of the regional units of Greece.
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Areopoli (Αρεόπολη, before 1912 also: Τσίμοβα - Tsimova), known as "Χειμαύα" (from Greek "Χειμαδιών") in the regional Maniot tongue, is a town on the Mani Peninsula, Laconia, Greece.
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Ares (Ἄρης, literally meaning "battle") is the Greek god of war.
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Aris Basketball Club (K.A.E. Άρης, transliterated into English B.C. Aris) is the professional basketball team of the major Thessaloniki-based Greek multi-sport club A.S. Aris Thessaloniki.
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Aristophanes (or; Ἀριστοφάνης,; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Cydathenaeum, was a comic playwright of ancient Athens.
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Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs; 384322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the Macedonian city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece.
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Aristotle Socrates Onassis (Αριστοτέλης Ωνάσης, Aristotelis Onasis; 15 January 1906 – 15 March 1975), commonly called Ari or Aristo Onassis, was a Greek shipping magnate and businessman.
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The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians.
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The Aromanians (Aromanian: Rrãmãnji, Armãnji), are a Latin ethnic group native to the southern Balkans; traditionally living in northern and central Greece, southern Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, and south-western Bulgaria.
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The art of Europe encompasses the history of visual art in Europe.
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Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities.
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Arvanites (Αρβανίτες, Arvanitika: Arbëreshë or Αρbε̰ρεσ̈ε̰) are a population group in Greece who traditionally speak Arvanitika, a dialect of the Albanian language.
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Asia is the Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres.
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The Assemblies of God (AG), officially the World Assemblies of God Fellowship, is a group of over 140 autonomous but loosely associated national groupings of churches which together form the world's largest Pentecostal denomination.
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Athena (Attic Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnā, or Ἀθηναία, Athēnaia; Epic: Ἀθηναίη, Athēnaiē; Doric: Ἀθάνα, Athānā) or Athene (Ionic: Ἀθήνη, Athēnē), often given the epithet Pallas (Παλλὰς), is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, mathematics, strength, war strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill in ancient Greek religion and mythology.
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Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica and is the first known democracy in the world.
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Athens (Αθήνα, Athína,; Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
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Athens – Epidaurus Festival is an annual arts festival that takes place in Athens and Epidaurus, from May to October.
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Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" (Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Αθηνών "Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος", Diethnís Aeroliménas Athinón "Elefthérios Venizélos"), began operation on 29 March 2001 and is the primary civilian airport that serves the city of Athens and the region of Attica.
The Athens Metro (Μετρό Αθήνας, Metró Athínas) is a rapid-transit system in Greece which serves the Athens conurbation and parts of East Attica.
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The Olympic Athletic Center of Athens "Spiros Louis" (Ολυμπιακό Αθλητικό Κέντρο Αθηνών "Σπύρος Λούης") or OACA (OAKA), is a sport facilities complex located at Marousi, northeast Athens, Greece.
The Athens Polytechnic uprising in 1973 was a massive demonstration of popular rejection of the Greek military junta of 1967–1974.
Attic Greek is the main Greek dialect that was spoken in ancient Attica, which includes Athens.
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Attica (Αττική, or; or) is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of Greece.
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Attica (Αττική, Attikí) is an administrative region that encompasses the entire metropolitan area of Athens, the capital of Greece.
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Attiki Odos (Αττική Οδός) is a privately owned toll motorway system in Greece.
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Augustus (Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Augustus.
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An aulos (αὐλός, plural αὐλοί, auloi) or tibia (Latin) was an ancient Greek wind instrument, depicted often in art and also attested by archaeology.
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In economics, austerity is a set of policies with the aim of reducing government budget deficits.
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An autonomous administrative division is an administrative division of a country that has a degree of autonomy, or freedom from an external authority.
The avant-garde (from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard") are people or works that are experimental or innovative, particularly with respect to art, culture, and politics.
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The Axis powers (Achsenmächte, 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku, Potenze dell'Asse), also known as the Axis, were the nations that fought in the Second World War against the Allied forces.
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The Balkan mixed forests constitute a terrestrial ecoregion of Europe according to both the WWF and Digital Map of European Ecological Regions by the European Environment Agency.
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The Balkan Wars were two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in south-eastern Europe in 1912 and 1913.
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The Balkan Peninsula, popularly referred to as the Balkans, is a geographical region of Southeast Europe.
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Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ,, lit. "The land of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
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Basil, Thai basil, or sweet basil, is a common name for the culinary herb Ocimum basilicum of the family Lamiaceae (mints), sometimes known as Saint Joseph's Wort in some English speaking countries.
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Basil Poledouris (August 21, 1945 – November 8, 2006) was an American music composer who concentrated on the scores for films and television shows.
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The Battle of Greece (also known as Operation Marita, Unternehmen Marita) is the common name for the invasion of Greece by Germany in April 1941.
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The Battle of Lepanto took place on 7 October 1571 when a fleet of the Holy League, a coalition of European Catholic maritime states arranged by Pope Pius V, decisively defeated the fleet of the Ottoman Empire on the northern edge of the Gulf of Corinth, off western Greece.
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The Battle of Marathon (Greek: Μάχη τοῦ Μαραθῶνος, Machē tou Marathōnos) took place in 490 BC, during the first Persian invasion of Greece.
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The Battle of Mycale (Μάχη τῆς Μυκάλης; Machē tēs Mykalēs) was one of the two major battles that ended the second Persian invasion of Greece during the Greco-Persian Wars.
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The naval Battle of Navarino was fought on 20 October 1827, during the Greek War of Independence (1821–32), in Navarino Bay (modern-day Pylos), on the west coast of the Peloponnese peninsula, in the Ionian Sea.
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The Battle of Plataea was the final land battle during the second Persian invasion of Greece.
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The Battle of Pydna took place in 168 BC between Rome and Macedon during the Third Macedonian War.
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The Battle of Salamis (Ναυμαχία τῆς Σαλαμῖνος, Naumachia tēs Salaminos) was fought between an Alliance of Greek city-states and the Persian Empire in 480 BC, in the straits between the mainland and Salamis, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens.
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The Battle of the Metaxas Line (Kampf um die Metaxas-Linie), also known in Greece as the Battle of the Forts (Μάχη των Οχυρών), was the first battle during the German invasion of Greece in World War II.
The Battle of Thermopylae (Greek: Μάχη τῶν Θερμοπυλῶν, Machē tōn Thermopylōn) was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece.
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BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms.
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The Black Sea is a sea between Southeastern Europe and Western Asia.
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The Blade Runner soundtrack was composed by Vangelis for Ridley Scott's 1982 film Blade Runner.
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Blue Zones is a concept used to identify a demographic and/or geographic area of the world where people live measurably longer lives.
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The Book of Revelation, often known simply as Revelation or The Apocalypse of John, is a book of the New Testament that occupies a central place in Christian eschatology.
New!!: Greece and Book of Revelation ·
The Boreal Kingdom or Holarctic Kingdom (Holarctis) is a floristic kingdom identified by botanist Ronald Good (and later by Armen Takhtajan), which includes the temperate to Arctic portions of North America and Eurasia.
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The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the fall of Napoleon in 1814 until the July Revolution of 1830.
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Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.
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The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.
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The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a large bear distributed across much of northern Eurasia and North America and (with the polar bear) is the largest land-based predator on earth.
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Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
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A bulk carrier, bulk freighter, or bulker is a merchant ship specially designed to transport unpackaged bulk cargo, such as grains, coal, ore, and cement in its cargo holds.
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The Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), as part of the United States Department of Transportation, compiles, analyzes, and makes accessible information on the nation's transportation systems; collects information on intermodal transportation and other areas as needed; and improves the quality and effectiveness of DOT's statistical programs through research, development of guidelines, and promotion of improvements in data acquisition and use.
Business Insider is an American business, celebrity and technology news website launched in February 2009 and based in New York City.
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The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern part of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.
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The Byzantine Greeks or Byzantines were the medieval Greek or Hellenised citizens of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire), centered mainly in Constantinople, the southern Balkans, the Greek islands, Asia Minor (modern Turkey), Cyprus and the large urban centres of the Levant and northern Egypt.
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Byzantine literature is the Greek literature of the Middle Ages, whether written in the territory of the Byzantine Empire or outside its borders.
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Byzantine music (Βυζαντινή μουσική), in a narrow sense, is the music of the Byzantine Empire.
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Byzantine philosophy refers to the distinctive philosophical ideas of the philosophers and scholars of the Byzantine Empire, especially between the 8th and 15th centuries.
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The cabinet of Greece, officially called the Ministerial Council, constitutes the Government of Greece (Κυβέρνηση της Ελλάδας).
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Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America.
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Cappadocian, also known as Cappadocian Greek or Asia Minor Greek, is a mixed language formerly spoken in Cappadocia (Central Turkey).
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In differential geometry, the Carathéodory conjecture is a mathematical conjecture attributed to Constantin Carathéodory by Hans Ludwig Hamburger in a session of the Berlin Mathematical Society in 1924.
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In mathematics, Carathéodory's theorem may refer to one of a number of results of Constantin Carathéodory.
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A catamaran ("cat" for short) is a multihulled watercraft consisting of two parallel hulls of equal size.
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The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.
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Greek communities had settled in parts of the north Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Eastern Anatolia since well before the Christian and into the Byzantine era, especially as traders, Christian Orthodox scholars/clerics, refugees, or mercenaries who had backed the wrong side in the many civil wars and periods of political in-fighting in the Classical/Hellenistic and Late Roman/Byzantine periods.
New!!: Greece and Caucasus Greeks ·
Continental Greece (Στερεά Ελλάδα, Stereá Elláda; formerly Χέρσος Ἑλλάς, Chérsos Ellás), colloquially known as Roúmeli (Ρούμελη), is a traditional geographic region of Greece.
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Central Greece Region (Περιφέρεια Στερεάς Ελλάδας, Periféreia Stereás Elládas, properly translated as "Continental Greece Region") is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece.
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The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Central Macedonia (Περιφέρεια Κεντρικής Μακεδονίας, Periféria Kentrikís Makedonías) is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece, consisting of the central part of the geographical and historical region of Macedonia.
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Cephalonia or Kefalonia (Κεφαλονιά or Κεφαλλονιά), formerly also known as Kefallinia or Kephallenia (Κεφαλληνία), is the largest of the Ionian Islands in western Greece.
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The CEV Champions League, or CEV DenizBank Volleyball Champions League is the top official competition for men's Volleyball clubs of Europe and takes place every year.
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The CEV Cup is the second top official competition for men's Volleyball clubs of Europe and takes place every year.
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Chania (Χανιά,, Venetian: Canea, Ottoman Turkish: Hanya) is the second largest city of Crete and the capital of the Chania regional unit.
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Charilaos Trikoupis (Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης; July 11, 1832 – March 30, 1896) was a Greek politician who served as a Prime Minister of Greece seven times from 1875 until 1895.
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Chariots of Fire is a 1981 British historical drama film.
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Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general, resistant, writer and statesman.
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The China women's national water polo team represents China in international women's water polo competitions and friendly matches.
Chios (Χίος,; Sakız Adası alternative transliterations Khíos and Híos) is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the Aegean Sea, off the Anatolian coast.
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The Chios massacre was the killing of tens of thousands of Greeks on the island of Chios by Ottoman troops during the Greek War of Independence in 1822.
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As a literary genre of high culture, romance or chivalric romance is a type of prose and verse narrative that was popular in the aristocratic circles of High Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
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ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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Christmas or Christmas Day (Crīstesmæsse, meaning "Christ's Mass") is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
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Christos Harilaos Papadimitriou (Greek: Χρήστος Χαρίλαος Παπαδημητρίου; born August 16, 1949, Athens) is a Greek engineer, computer scientist, and professor of Computer Science at the University of California, Berkeley.
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Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods.
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The Circumboreal Region is a floristic region within the Holarctic Kingdom in Eurasia and North America, as delineated by such geobotanists as Josias Braun-Blanquet and Armen Takhtajan.
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The cithara or kithara (κιθάρα, kithāra, cithara) was an ancient Greek musical instrument in the lyre or lyra family.
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The City Police (Αστυνομία Πόλεων) was a Greek police force extant from 1921 to 1984, responsible for policing urban areas.
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A city-state is a sovereign state consisting of a city and its dependent territories.
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Civil liberties are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation without due process.
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A civilization (US) or civilisation (UK) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
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Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
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The city of Athens during the classical period of Ancient Greece (508–322 BC) was the major urban center of the notable polis (city-state) of the same name, located in Attica, Greece, leading the Delian League in the Peloponnesian War against Sparta and the Peloponnesian League.
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Classical Greece was a 200-year period in Greek culture lasting from the 5th through 4th centuries BC.
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Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
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Cleisthenes (Κλεισθένης, also Clisthenes or Kleisthenes) was a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family.
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The climate in Greece is predominantly Mediterranean.
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Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum.
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Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink.
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In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film and stand-up comedy.
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The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the agricultural policy of the European Union.
Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plants in the mulberry family, known as the common fig (or just the fig).
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The Communist Party of Greece (Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας, Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas, KKE) is a Marxist–Leninist political party in Greece.
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Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre, and the middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters — people who travel on a daily basis.
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Since 2009, Greece (Hellenic Republic) has mandatory military service (conscription) of 9 months for men between the ages of 19 and 45.
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Constantin Carathéodory (or Constantine Karatheodori; Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Καραθεοδωρή; 13 September 1873 – 2 February 1950) was a Greek mathematician who spent most of his professional career in Germany.
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Constantine I (Κωνσταντῖνος Αʹ, Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων, Konstantínos Αʹ, Vasiléfs ton Ellínon; – 11 January 1923) was King of Greece from 1913 to 1917 and from 1920 to 1922.
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Constantine II (Κωνσταντῖνος Βʹ, Konstantínos II;; born 2 June 1940) was the King of Greece, reigning from 1964 until the monarchy was abolished in 1973.
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Constantine P. Cavafy (also known as Konstantin or Konstantinos Petrou Kavafis, or Kavaphes; Κωνσταντίνος Π. Καβάφης; April 29 (April 17, OS), 1863 – April 29, 1933) was an ethnic Greek poet who lived in Alexandria and worked as a journalist and civil servant.
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Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis or Κωνσταντινούπολη Konstantinoúpoli; Constantinopolis; قسطنطینية, Kostantiniyye; Цариград; modern Istanbul) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1924) empires.
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The Constitution of Greece (Σύνταγμα / Sýntagma), was created by the Fifth Revisional Parliament of the Hellenes and entered into force in 1975.
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Container ships are cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size intermodal containers, in a technique called containerization.
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Copernicus, formerly Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), is a programme of the European Commission which aims at achieving an autonomous, multi-level operational Earth observation capacity.
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Corfu (Κέρκυρα, Kérkyra; Κέρκυρα or Κόρκυρα; Corcyra; Corfù) is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea.
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Corfu (Κέρκυρα - Kérkyra) is a city and a former municipality on the island of Corfu, Ionian Islands, Greece.
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Corinth (Greek: Κόρινθος, Kórinthos) is a city and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, Greece.
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The Corinth Canal (Διώρυγα της Κορίνθου, Dhioryga tis Korinthou) is a canal that connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea.
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Costa-Gavras (short for Konstantinos Gavras - Κωνσταντίνος Γαβράς; born 12 February 1933) is a Greek-French film director and producer, who lives and works in France.
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Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the family of Malvaceae.
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The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe), founded in 1949, is a regional intergovernmental organisation which promotes human rights, democracy and the rule of law in its 47 member states, covering 820 million citizens.
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In Greece, the Council of State (sometimes Counsel of State or State Council) is the Supreme Administrative Court of Greece.
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The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), founded in 1921, is a United States nonprofit, 4900 member organization, publisher, and think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs, headquartered in New York City, with an additional office in Washington, D.C..
Counter-terrorism (also called anti-terrorism) incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, police, violent non-state actors and business organizations use to combat or prevent terrorism.
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A coup d'état (literally "blow of state"; plural: coups d'état, pronounced like the singular form), also known simply as a coup, or an overthrow, is the sudden and (usually) illegal seizure of a state, usually instigated by a small group of the existing government establishment to depose the established regime and replace it with a new ruling body.
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In Greece, the Chamber of Accounts (or Court of Accounts or Court of Auditors or Audit Court, French: Cour des Comptes, Greek: Ελεγκτικό Συνέδριο) is both an administrative organ (one of the three Big Bodies of the Greek Public Administration) and a Supreme Administrative Court with a special jurisdiction (while the jurisdiction of the Council of State is general).
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The Court of Cassation (Areopagus, i.e. the "Stone, or Hill, of Ares") is the supreme court of Greece for civil and criminal law.
Cretan cuisine (Κρητική κουζίνα ή διατροφή) is the traditional cuisine of the Mediterranean island of Crete.
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The Cretan Revolt of 1866–1869 (Κρητική Επανάσταση του 1866) or Great Cretan Revolution (Μεγάλη Κρητική Επανάσταση) was a three-year uprising in Crete against Ottoman rule, the third and largest in a series of Cretan revolts between the end of the Greek War of Independence in 1830 and the establishment of the independent Cretan State in 1898.
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The Cretan State (Κρητική Πολιτεία, Kritiki Politia; كريد دولتى, Girit Devleti), was established in 1898, following the intervention by the Great Powers (Britain, France, Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Russia) on the island of Crete.
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Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, and the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players each on a field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch.
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The Croatia men's national water polo team represents Croatia in international water polo competitions and friendly matches.
Cybele (Κυβέλη) was the stage name of the famous Greek actress Cybele Andrianou (Κυβέλη Ανδριανού).
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The Cyclades (Κυκλάδες) are a Pre-Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, southeast of mainland Greece and a former administrative prefecture of Greece.
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Cycladic civilization (also known as Cycladic culture or The Cycladic period) is an Early Bronze Age culture of the Cyclades, Greece, in the Aegean Sea, spanning the period from approximately 3200–2000 BC.
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Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea.
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Dominic Christopher Henry Rieu (26 October 1916 – 29 April 2008) was a classical scholar and son of the classicist and publisher E. V. Rieu.
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Dan Buettner (born 1960) is an American explorer, educator, author and public speaker.
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Danubian Principalities (Principatele Dunărene, Dunavske kneževine) was a conventional name given to the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, which emerged in the early 14th century.
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Deadweight tonnage (also known as deadweight; abbreviated to DWT, D.W.T., d.w.t., or dwt) or tons deadweight (TDW) is a measure of how much mass a ship is carrying or can safely carry; it does not include the weight of the ship.
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The Delian League, founded in 478 BC, was an association of Greek city-states, members numbering between 150 to 173, under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of Greece.
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In ancient Greek religion and Greek mythology, Demeter (Attic: Δημήτηρ Dēmḗtēr; Doric: Δαμάτηρ Dāmā́tēr) is the goddess of the harvest, who presided over grains and the fertility of the earth.
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Demetrios Vikelas (also Demetrius Bikelas; Δημήτριος Βικέλας; February 15, 1835 – July 20, 1908) was a Greek businessman and writer; he was the first president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), from 1894 to 1896.
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Artemios "Demis" Ventouris-Roussos (Αρτέμιος "Ντέμης" Βεντούρης-Ρούσσος, 15 June 1946 – 25 January 2015) was a Greek singer and performer who had international hit records as a solo performer in the 1970s after having been a member of Aphrodite's Child, a progressive rock group that also included Vangelis.
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Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...
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The Democratic Alliance (Greek language: Δημοκρατική Συμμαχία — ΔΗ.ΣΥ., Dimokratiki Symmachia — DISY) was a centrist liberal political party in Greece.
Democratic Left (DIMAR) is a social-democratic political party in Greece.
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Demotic Greek (δημοτική, " of the people") or dimotiki is the modern vernacular form of the Greek language.
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Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
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The Despotate of Epirus (Δεσποτάτο της Ηπείρου) was one of the late Byzantine successor states of the Byzantine Empire established in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade in 1204 by a (matrilineally linked) branch of the Doukas noble clan.
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The Despotate of the Morea or Despotate of Mystras (Δεσποτᾶτον τοῦ Μορέως, Δεσποτᾶτον τοῦ Μυστρᾶ) was a province of the Byzantine Empire which existed between the mid-14th and mid-15th centuries.
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The Destruction of Psara was an event in which the Ottomans destroyed the civilian population of the Greek island of Psara on July 5, 1824.
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A developed country, industrialized country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
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Digenes Akrites (Διγενῆς Ἀκρίτης), known in folksongs as Digenes Akritas (Διγενῆς Ἀκρίτας) and also transliterated as Digenis Akritis, is the most famous of the Acritic Songs.
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Dill (Anethum graveolens) is an annual herb in the celery family Apiaceae.
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Dimitri Mitropoulos (Δημήτρης Μητρόπουλος) (– 2 November 1960), was a Greek conductor, pianist, and composer.
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Dimitri Nanopoulos (Greek: Δημήτρης Νανόπουλος; born 13 September 1948 in Athens) is a Greek physicist.
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Dimitrios Galanos (Δημήτριος Γαλανός; 1760–1833) was the earliest recorded Greek Indologist.
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Dimitrios Ioannidis (Δημήτριος Ιωαννίδης, 13 March 1923 – 16 August 2010), also known as Dimitris Ioannidis, was a Greek military officer and one of the leading figures in the Greek military junta of 1967–1974.
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Dimitris Horn (9 March 1921 – 16 January 1998) was a Greek theatrical and film performer of modern times.
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Dimitris Rontiris (Δημήτρης Ροντήρης; 1899 – December 20, 1981) was a Greek actor and director.
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Dimitris Sgouros (Δημήτρης Σγούρος; born 30 August 1969) is a Greek classical pianist.
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The Dinaric Alps or Dinarides is a mountain chain which spans areas of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.
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The Dionysia was a large festival in ancient Athens in honor of the god Dionysus, the central events of which were the theatrical performances of dramatic tragedies and, from 487 BC, comedies.
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Dionysios Solomos (Διονύσιος Σολωμός; 8 April 1798 – 9 February 1857) was a Greek poet from Zakynthos.
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Dionysius the Philosopher (Διονύσιος ὁ Φιλόσοφος; ca. 1560 – 1611) was a Greek monk who led two farmer revolts against the Ottoman Turks.
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Dionysus (Διόνυσος, Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in Greek mythology.
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The Dirac Prize is the name of four prominent awards in the field of theoretical physics, computational chemistry, and mathematics, awarded by different organizations, named in honour of Professor Paul Dirac, one of the great theoretical physicists of the 20th Century.
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The Dodecanese (Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa,, literally 'twelve islands') are a group of 12 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the Aegean Sea, of which 26 are inhabited.
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Dolma is a family of stuffed vegetable dishes common in the Middle East and surrounding regions including the Balkans, the Caucasus, Russia, Central Asia.
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Doric or Dorian was a dialect of Ancient Greek.
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Dorling Kindersley (DK) is a British multinational publishing company specializing in illustrated reference books for adults and children in 62 languages.
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Drama is the specific mode of narrative, typically fictional, represented in performance.
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Dubai (دبي, Gulf pronunciation) is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
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Early Christianity is the period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325.
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Easter Monday is the day after Easter Sunday and is a holiday in some countries.
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Eastern Bloc was the name used by NATO-affiliated countries for the former communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
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Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.
Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.
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Eastern Macedonia and Thrace (Ανατολική Μακεδονία και Θράκη, formally Περιφέρεια Ανατολικής Μακεδονίας και Θράκης) is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents.
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The term Eastern world refers very broadly to the various cultures or social structures and philosophical systems of Asia or geographically the countries and cultures east of Europe.
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The Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is an umbrella term for the group of policies aimed at converging the economies of all member states of the European Union at three stages.
Economic, social and cultural rights are socio-economic human rights, such as the right to education, right to housing, right to adequate standard of living, right to health and the right to science and culture.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
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The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople (Οἰκουμενικὸν Πατριαρχεῖον Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Oikoumenikòn Patriarcheîon Konstantinoupóleos,; (Patriarchatus Oecumenici Constantinopolitani); Rum Ortodoks Patrikhanesi, "Greek Orthodox Patriarchate"), part of the wider Orthodox Church, is one of the fourteen autocephalous churches within the communion of Orthodox Christianity.
Edessa (Έδεσσα, Édessa), known as "city of waters", is a city in northern Greece and the capital of the Pella regional unit, in the Central Macedonia region of Greece.
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Egnatia Odos or Egnatia Motorway (Εγνατία Οδός, often translated as Via Egnatia, code: A2) is the Greek part of the European route E90.
Eleftheria i thanatos (Ελευθερία ή θάνατος, pronounced, "freedom or death") is the motto of Greece.
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Eleftherios Venizelos (full name Elefthérios Kyriákou Venizélos, Ελευθέριος Κυριάκου Βενιζέλος;; 23 August 1864 – 18 March 1936) was an eminent Greek leader of the Greek national liberation movement and a charismatic statesman of the early 20th century remembered for his promotion of liberal-democratic policies.
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In English literature, an elegy is a mournful, melancholic or plaintive poem, especially a funeral song or a lament for the dead.
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Eleni "Elena" Paparizou (Έλενα Παπαρίζου,, born 31 January 1982), usually referred to abroad as Helena Paparizou, is a Greek-Swedish singer, songwriter and television personality.
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Eleni Karaindrou (Ελένη Καραΐνδρου) (born 1941) is a Greek composer, born in the village of Teichio in Phocis, Central Greece, on November 25, 1941.
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Eleusis, Elefsina (Ελευσίνα Elefsina, Ancient Greek: Ἐλευσίς Eleusis) is a town and municipality in West Attica, Greece.
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Elia Kazan (born Elias Kazantzoglou, September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was an American director, producer, writer and actor, described by The New York Times as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history".
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Ellie Lambeti (Έλλη Λαμπέτη; l3 April 1926 – 3 September 1983) was a Greek actress.
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Emmanuel Rhoides (Ἐμμανουὴλ Ροΐδης; 28 June 1836 – 7 January 1904) was a Greek writer and journalist.
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The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
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An epic is traditionally a genre of poetry, known as epic poetry.
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Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based upon the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus, founded around 307 BCE.
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An epigram is a brief, interesting, memorable, and sometimes surprising or satirical statement.
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Epirus (Ήπειρος, Ípeiros), formally the Epirus Region (Περιφέρεια Ηπείρου, Periféreia Ipeírou), is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region in northwestern Greece.
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The Epistle of Paul and Timothy to the Philippians, often referred to simply as Philippians, is the eleventh book in the New Testament.
In ancient Greece the chief magistrate in various Greek city states was called eponymous archon (ἐπώνυμος ἄρχων, eponymos archon).
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Ericsson (Telefonaktiebolaget L. M. Ericsson) is a Swedish multinational provider of communication technology and services.
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Ermoupoli (Ερμούπολη), also known by the formal older name Ermoupolis or Hermoupolis (Ἑρμούπολις Greece Ministry of Interior It is also the capital of the South Aegean region.
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Erotokritos (Ἐρωτόκριτος) is a romance composed by Vikentios (''Vitsentzos, "Vincenzo", Vincent'') Kornaros in early 17th century Crete.
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ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture between The Walt Disney Company (which operates the network) and the Hearst Corporation (which owns a 20% minority share).
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Eternity and a Day (Μια αιωνιότητα και μια μέρα, Mia aioniotita kai mia mera) is a 1998 Greek film starring Bruno Ganz, and directed by Theo Angelopoulos.
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Ethnikos Piraeus Water Polo Club is the water polo team of Ethnikos Piraeus or Ethnikos OFPF (National Club of Fans of Piraeus and Phalerum).
Euboea (Εύβοια, Evvia; Εὔβοια, Eúboia) is the second-largest Greek island in area and population, after Crete.
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EUobserver is a non-profit independent online newspaper established in Brussels in 2000.
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Euripides (or; Εὐριπίδης) (c. 480 – 406 BC) was a tragedian of classical Athens.
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The Euripus Strait (Εύριπος) is a narrow channel of water separating the Greek island of Euboea in the Aegean Sea from Boeotia in mainland Greece.
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The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the eurozone, which consists of 19 of the 28 member states of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.
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The euro sign (€) is the currency sign used for the euro, the official currency of the Eurozone in the European Union (EU).
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Eurobarometer is a series of public opinion surveys conducted regularly on behalf of the European Commission since 1973.
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EuroBasket, previously referred to as the European Basketball Championship, is the main basketball competition contested biennially by the men's national teams governed by FIBA Europe, the European zone within the International Basketball Federation.
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The 1987 FIBA European Championship, commonly called FIBA EuroBasket 1987, was the 25th FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship, held by FIBA Europe.
New!!: Greece and EuroBasket 1987 ·
The 2005 FIBA European Championship, commonly called FIBA EuroBasket 2005, was the 34th FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship held by FIBA Europe, which also served as Europe qualifier for the 2006 FIBA World Championship, giving a berth to the top six teams in the final standings.
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The Turkish Airlines Euroleague, commonly known as the Euroleague, is the highest level tier and most important professional club basketball competition in Europe, with teams from up to 18 different countries, members of FIBA Europe.
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The Euroleague Final Four is the final four format championship of the Euroleague professional club basketball competition.
New!!: Greece and Euroleague Final Four ·
Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
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The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank for the euro and administers monetary policy of the Eurozone, which consists of 19 EU member states and is one of the largest currency areas in the world.
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The European Commission (EC) is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
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The European Communities (EC), sometimes referred to as the European Community,;; were three international organisations that were governed by the same set of institutions.
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The European debt crisis (often also referred to as the Eurozone crisis or the European sovereign debt crisis) is a multi-year debt crisis that has been taking place in the European Union since the end of 2009.
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The European Environment Agency (EEA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent information on the environment, thereby helping those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, as well as informing the general public.
The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is a common market consisting of four European countries that operates in parallel withand is linked tothe European Union (EU).
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation dedicated to the exploration of space, with 22 member states.
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The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
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The European Volleyball Championship is a sport competition for national teams, currently held biannually and organized by the CEV, the European volleyball federation.
The European Volleyball League is an annual continental volleyball tournament, introduced in 2004.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
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The Eurovision Song Contest (Concours Eurovision de la chanson), often shortened to ESC or Eurovision, is the longest running annual TV song competition held, primarily, among the member countries of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) since 1956.
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The Eurovision Song Contest 1974 was the 19th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.
The Eurovision Song Contest 2005 was the 50th annual Eurovision Song Contest.
The Eurovision Song Contest 2006 was the 51st Eurovision Song Contest, held at the Olympic Indoor Hall in Athens, Greece on 18 May (for the semi-final) and 20 May 2006 (for the final).
Eurozone (euro area).
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Evros (Περιφερειακή ενότητα Έβρου) is one of the regional units of Greece.
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The executive branch is the part of the government that has its authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state.
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The Fall of Constantinople (Άλωση της Κωνσταντινούπολης, Alōsē tēs Kōnstantinoupolēs; İstanbul'un Fethi Conquest of Istanbul) was the capture of the capital of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire by an invading army of the Ottoman Empire on Tuesday, 29 May 1453.
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Fasolada, fasoulada or sometimes fasolia (φασολάδα, φασουλάδα or φασολια) is a Greek and Cypriot soup of dry white beans, olive oil, and vegetables, sometimes called the "national food of the Greeks".
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A feature film is a film (also called a movie or motion picture) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.
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Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family.
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A festival or gala is an event ordinarily staged by a community, centering on and celebrating some unique aspect of that community and its traditions, often marked as a local or national holiday, mela or eid.
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Feta (φέτα, féta, "slice") is a brined curd white cheese made in Greece from sheep's milk, or from a mixture of sheep and goat's milk.
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The International Basketball Federation, more commonly known as FIBA, FIBA World, or FIBA International, from its French name Fédération Internationale de Basket-ball, is an association of national organizations which governs international competition in basketball.
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The FIBA Basketball World Cup, also known as the FIBA World Cup of Basketball or simply the FIBA World Cup, between 1950 and 2010 known as the FIBA World Championship, is an international basketball competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the sport's global governing body.
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The FIBA EuroCup Challenge was the 4th tier level transnational professional club basketball competition in Europe.
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FIBA Europe is a zone within the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) which includes all 52 national European basketball federations.
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The FIBA Korać Cup was an annual basketball club competition held by FIBA between the 1971–72 and 2001–02 seasons.
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FIBA Saporta Cup was the name of the second-tier level European professional club basketball competition, where the National Cup winners from all over Europe played against each other.
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The FIBA bwin World Rankings are FIBA's rankings of national basketball teams.
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The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; English: International Federation of Association Football) is the governing body of association football, futsal and beach football.
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The FIFA World Ranking is a ranking system for men's national teams in association football, currently led by Argentina.
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Filiki Eteria or Society of Friends (Φιλική Εταιρεία or Εταιρεία των Φιλικών) was a secret 19th-century organization whose purpose was to overthrow the Ottoman rule of Greece and establish an independent Greek state.
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A film score (also sometimes called background score, background music, film music or incidental music) is original music written specifically to accompany a film.
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Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe bordered by Sweden to the west, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east; Estonia lies to the south across the Gulf of Finland.
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Finos Film (Greek: Φίνος Φιλμ) is a film production company that dominated the Greek film industry from 1943 to 1977.
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The First Epistle to the Corinthians (Α΄ Επιστολή προς Κορινθίους), often referred to as First Corinthians (and written as 1 Corinthians), is one of the Pauline epistles of the New Testament canon of Christian Bibles.
The First Epistle to the Thessalonians, usually referred to simply as First Thessalonians and often written 1 Thessalonians, is a book from the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
The First Hellenic Republic (Αʹ Ελληνική Δημοκρατία) is a term used to refer to the provisional Greek state during the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire.
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The First National Assembly of Epidaurus (1821–1822) was the first meeting of the Greek National Assembly, a national representative political gathering of the Greek revolutionaries.
The first Persian invasion of Greece, during the Persian Wars, began in 492 BC, and ended with the decisive Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE.
The FIVB Volleyball World Championship is an international men's and women's indoor volleyball competition.
For Whom the Bell Tolls is a 1943 American film produced and directed by Sam Wood and starring Gary Cooper, Ingrid Bergman, Akim Tamiroff, and Joseph Calleia.
The Fourth Crusade (1202–04) was a Western European armed expedition originally intended to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem by means of an invasion through Egypt.
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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Franchthi cave or Frankhthi cave (Σπήλαιον Φράγχθη) is a cave overlooking the Argolic Gulf opposite the village of Koilada in southeastern Argolis, Greece.
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The Frankokratia (Φραγκοκρατία, lit. "Francocracy", "rule of the Franks"), also known as Latinokratia (Λατινοκρατία, "rule of the Latins") and for the Venetian domains Venetocracy (Βενετοκρατία, Venetokratia or Ενετοκρατία, Enetokratia), is the period in Greek history after the Fourth Crusade (1204), when a number of primarily French and Italian Crusader states were established on the territory of the dissolved Byzantine Empire (see Partitio terrarum imperii Romaniae).
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Frappé coffee (also Greek frappé or café frappé; φραπές, frapés) is a Greek foam-covered iced coffee drink made from instant coffee (generally, spray-dried).
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Frederick Charles Copleston, SJ, CBE (10 April 1907 – 3 February 1994) was a Jesuit priest, philosopher, and historian of philosophy, best known for his influential multi-volume History of Philosophy (1946–75).
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The Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost is the largest Greek pentecostal church.
Free Evangelical Churches is a communion of over 60 regional Evangelical free churches in Greece.
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In the history of France, the First Republic, officially the French Republic (République française), was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution.
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The French (Français) are a nation and ethnic group who are identified with the country of France. This connection may be legal, historical, or cultural. Descending from peoples of Celtic (Gauls) origin, later mixing with Romance (Romans) and Germanic (Franks) origin, and having experienced a high rate of inward migration since the middle of the 19th century, modern French society can be considered a melting pot. France was still a patchwork of local customs and regional differences in the late 19th century, and besides the common speaking of the French language, the definition of some unified French culture is a complex issue. Some French have equated their nationality with citizenship, regardless of ethnicity or country of residence. Successive waves of immigrants during the 19th and 20th centuries were rapidly assimilated into French culture. Seeing itself as an inclusive nation with universal values, France has always valued and strongly advocated assimilation where immigrants were expected to adhere to French traditional values and cultural norms. However, despite the success of such assimilation, the French Government abandoned it in the mid-1980s encouraging immigrants to retain their distinctive cultures and traditions and requiring from them a mere integration. This "integrationist" policy has recently been called into question, for example, following the 2005 French riots in some troubled and impoverished immigrant suburbs. Most French people speak the French language as their mother tongue, but certain languages like Norman, Occitan, Corsican, Basque, French Flemish and Breton remain spoken in certain regions (see Language policy in France). In addition to mainland France, French people and people of French descent can be found internationally, in overseas departments and territories of France such as the French West Indies (French Caribbean), and in foreign countries with significant French-speaking population groups or not, such as Switzerland (French Swiss), the United States (French Americans), Canada (French Canadians), Argentina (French Argentines), Brazil (French Brazilians) or Uruguay (French Uruguayans), and some of them have a French cultural identity.
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The French Revolution (Révolution française) was an influential period of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire.
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Galaktoboureko (γαλακτομπούρεκο) is a Greek dessert of semolina custard in filo.
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Gavdos (Γαύδος) is the southernmost Greek island, located to the south of its much larger neighbour, Crete, of which it is administratively a part, in the regional unit of Chania.
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The Gödel Prize is an annual prize for outstanding papers in the area of theoretical computer science, given jointly by European Association for Theoretical Computer Science (EATCS) and the Association for Computing Machinery Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computational Theory (ACM SIGACT).
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The General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics for the United States Air Force (USAF).
Genre (or; from French genre, "kind" or "sort", from Latin genus (stem gener-), Greek γένος, génos) is any category of literature or other forms of art or entertainment, e.g. music, whether written or spoken, audial or visual, based on some set of stylistic criteria.
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The traditional geographic regions of Greece (γεωγραφικά διαμερίσματα, literally "geographic departments") are the country's main historical-geographic regions, and were also the official administrative subdivisions (or regions) of Greece until the 1987 administrative reform.
Greece is a country in Southern Europe, located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.
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Georgios "George" Dalaras (Γιώργος Νταλάρας) (29 September 1949), is a Greek singer.
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George I (Γεώργιος Αʹ, Βασιλεύς των Ελλήνων, Geórgios Αʹ, Vasiléfs ton Ellínon; born Prince William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg; 24 December 1845 – 18 March 1913) was King of Greece from 1863 until his death in 1913.
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Georgios A. Papandreou (Γεώργιος Α. Παπανδρέου; born 16 June 1952), commonly anglicised to George and shortened to Giorgos (Γιώργος) in Greek, is a Greek politician who served as Prime Minister of Greece from 2009 to 2011.
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George Tzavellas, also rendered Giorgos Tzavellas, Yiorgos Tzavellas, or Yorgos Javellas (Γιώργος Τζαβέλλας, 1916, Athens – October 18, 1976), was a Greek film director, screenwriter, and playwright.
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Georgia (საქართველო, tr. Sakartvelo) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
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Georgian (ქართული ენა tr. kartuli ena) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians.
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Georgios Chortatzis (c. 1545–1610) was a Greek dramatist in Cretan verse.
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Georgios Kondylis (August 14, 1878 – February 1, 1936) was a general of the Greek army and Prime Minister of Greece.
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Georgios Papandreou (Geórgios Papandréou; 13 February 1888 in Kalentzi – 1 November 1968 in Athens Retrieved 30 June 2010) was a Greek politician, the founder of the Papandreou political dynasty.
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Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou (or George Papanicolaou; Γεώργιος Ν. Παπανικολάου; 13 May 1883 – 19 February 1962) was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection, and inventor of the "Pap smear".
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Giorgos or George Seferis (Γιώργος Σεφέρης), the pen name of Georgios Seferiades (Γεώργιος Σεφεριάδης; – September 20, 1971), was a Greek poet-diplomat.
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This article includes a list of countries of the world sorted by their globalization, the global connectivity, integration and interdependence in the economic, social, technological, cultural, political, and ecological spheres.
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Glykeria (born Glykeria Kotsoula, Γλυκερία; born 1953, in Agio Pnevma, Serres) is a Greek singer active in Greece and Cyprus, while also gaining fame in Israel, France, Turkey, Spain, and England.
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The Popular Association – Golden Dawn (Λαϊκός Σύνδεσμος – Χρυσή Αυγή, Laïkós Sýndesmos – Chrysí Avgí), usually known simply as Golden Dawn (Χρυσή Αυγή, Chrysí Avgí), is a far-right political party in Greece.
The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is an American multinational investment banking firm that engages in global investment banking, securities, investment management, and other financial services primarily with institutional clients.
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The Goths (*Gut-þiuda,Most commonly translated as "Gothic people".; Gutar/Gotar; Gothi; Γότθοι, Gótthoi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the emergence of Medieval Europe.
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A grand coalition is an arrangement in a multi-party parliamentary system in which the two largest political parties of opposing political ideologies unite in a coalition government.
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A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.
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The Global Recession was the general economic decline observed in world markets around the end of the first decade of the 21st century.
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The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom was – along with the Indo-Greek Kingdom – the easternmost part of the Hellenistic world, covering Bactria and Sogdiana in Central Asia from 250 to 125 BC.
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The Greco-Italian War, also known as the Italo-Greek War, was a conflict between Italy and Greece, which lasted from 28 October 1940 to 23 April 1941.
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The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire of Persia (modern day Iran) and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC.
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The Greco-Roman world, Greco-Roman culture, or the term Greco-Roman (or; spelled Graeco-Roman in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth), when used as an adjective, as understood by modern scholars and writers, refers to those geographical regions and countries that culturally (and so historically) were directly, long-term, and intimately influenced by the language, culture, government and religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
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The Greco-Turkish War of 1897, also called the Thirty Days' War and known in Greece as the Black '97 (Mauro '97) or the Unfortunate War (Ατυχής πόλεμος, Atychis polemos), was a war fought between the Kingdom of Greece and Ottoman Empire.
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The Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922, known as the Western Front (Batı Cephesi) of the Turkish War of Independence in Turkey and the Asia Minor Campaign (Μικρασιατική Εκστρατεία) or the Asia Minor Catastrophe (Μικρασιατική Καταστροφή) in Greece, was fought between Greece and the Turkish National Movement during the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after World War I between May 1919 and October 1922.
The Greece men's national volleyball team is the national team of Greece.
The Greece men's national water polo team represents Greece in international men's water polo competitions and it is organized and run by the Hellenic Swimming Federation.
The Greece national basketball team is the representative for Greece in international men's basketball competitions, organized and run by the Hellenic Basketball Federation.
The Greek national football team (Εθνική Ελλάδος, Ethniki Ellados) represents Greece in association football and is controlled by the Hellenic Football Federation, the governing body for football in Greece.
The Greece women's national water polo team represents Greece in international women's water polo competitions.
Greek Americans (Ελληνοαμερικάνοι, Ellinoamerikani) are Americans of full or partial Greek ancestry.
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Greek Australians (Ελληνοαυστραλοί) are Australian citizens either fully or partially of Greek descent or Greece-born people who reside in Australia.
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The Greek Basket League (GBL), often referred to as the Greek Basketball League, Greek A1 Basketball League, or Greek Basketball Championship, is the 1st tier professional basketball league in Greece.
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Greek Canadians (Ελληνοκαναδοί) are Canadian citizens either fully or partially of Greek descent or a Greece-born person who resides in Canada.
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The General Population Census 2011 (Γενικές Απογραφές 2011, literally General Censuses 2011) was a population census in Greece conducted by the Hellenic Statistical Authority on behalf of the Greek state between 10 and 24 May 2011.
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The Greek Civil War (ο Eμφύλιος, "the Civil War") was fought from 1946–49 between the Greek government army—backed by Great Britain and the United States—and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as Bulgaria.
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The Greek Constitutional amendment of 1986 was proposed in order to limit the powers of the President of the Republic.
The Amendment of 2001 constituted the most important amendment of the Constitution of 1975.
In early 2006, Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis announced ruling New Democracy's initiative for a new amendment of the Greek Constitution of 1975/1986/2001, and clarified his propositions speaking to the deputies of his party on 11 May 2006.
Greek cuisine is a Mediterranean cuisine.
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The Greek Dark Age or Ages and Geometric or Homeric Age (ca. 1100–800 BC) are terms that have regularly been used to refer to the period of Greek history from the presumed Dorian invasion and end of the Mycenaean palatial civilization around 1100 BC, to the first signs of the Greek poleis in the 9th century BC.
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The Greek diaspora or Hellenic diaspora, also known as Omogenia (Ομογένεια) refers to the communities of Greek people living outside the traditional Greek homelands, but more commonly in other parts of the Balkans, in southern Russia and Ukraine, Asia Minor, the region of Pontus (Pontic Greeks), as well as Eastern Anatolia and neighbouring Georgia and the South Caucasus (see Caucasus Greeks, Greeks in Russia, and Greeks in Georgia).
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Drachma (₯; δραχμή,; pl. drachmae or drachmas) was the currency used in Greece during several periods in its history.
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"Greek East" and "Latin West" are terms used to distinguish between the two parts of the Greco-Roman world, specifically the eastern regions where Greek was the lingua franca, and the western parts where Latin filled this role.
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The Greek economic miracle is the period of sustained economic growth in Greece from 1950 to 1973.
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The Greek Evangelical Church (Greek: Ελληνική Ευαγγελική Εκκλησία Elliniki Evangeliki Ekklisia) is a Presbyterian Reformed denomination in Greece.
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Greek folk music includes a variety of Greek styles played by ethnic Greeks in Greece, Cyprus, Australia, the United States and elsewhere.
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The Greek frigate Spetsai (F-453) (Φ/Γ ΣΠΕΤΣΑΙ) is the second ship of the Greek ''Hydra'' frigate class.
The Greek genocide, part of which is known as the Pontic genocide, was the systematic ethnic cleansing of the Christian Ottoman Greek population from its historic homeland in Anatolia during World War I and its aftermath (1914–23).
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The Greek government-debt crisis (also known as the Greek depression) started in late 2009.
Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.
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The Greek language question (γλωσσικό ζήτημα, short: το γλωσσικό) was a dispute about whether the language of the Greek people (Demotic Greek) or a cultivated imitation of Ancient Greek (katharevousa) should be the official language of the Greek nation.
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Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 17 November 1974.
Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 4 October 2009.
The January 2015 Greek legislative election was held in Greece on Sunday, 25 January, to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament in accordance with the constitution.
The June 2012 Greek legislative election was held in Greece on Sunday, 17 June, to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament in accordance with the constitution, after all attempts to form a new government failed following the May election.
The May 2012 Greek legislative election was held in Greece on Sunday, 6 May, to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament.
Greek mathematics, as that term is used in this article, is the mathematics written in Greek, developed from the 7th century BC to the 4th century AD around the shores of the Eastern Mediterranean.
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The Hellenic Merchant Marine refers to the Merchant Marine of Greece, engaged in commerce and transportation of goods and services universally.
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The Greek military junta of 1967–74, commonly known as the Regime of the Colonels (καθεστώς των Συνταγματαρχών), or in Greece simply The Junta (or; Χούντα), The Dictatorship (Η Δικτατορία) and The Seven Years (Η Επταετία), was a series of right-wing military juntas that ruled Greece following the 1967 Greek coup d'état led by a group of colonels on 21 April 1967.
A referendum on restoring the monarchy was held in Greece on 3 November 1935.
Greek Muslims, also known as Greek-speaking Muslims, are Muslims of Greek ethnic origin whose adoption of Islam (and often the Turkish language and identity) dates to the period of Ottoman rule in the southern Balkans.
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Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
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Greek National Road 8A (Εθνική Οδός 8A, abbreviated as EO8A) is a toll road in the Attica, Peloponnese and West Greece regions.
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Greek Old Calendarists (Greek: Παλαιοημερολογίτες, Paleoimerologites), sometimes abbreviated at G.O.C., are groups of Old Calendarist Orthodox Christians that remained committed to the traditional Orthodox practice and are not in communion with many other Orthodox Churches such as the Orthodox Church of Greece, the Patriarchate of Constantinople, or the Church of Cyprus.
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The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía) is a term referring to the body of several Churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the New Testament, and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the Byzantine Empire.
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A referendum on becoming a republic was held in Greece on 13 April 1924.
A referendum on retaining the republic was held in Greece on 8 December 1974.
The Greek Resistance (Εθνική Αντίσταση, i.e., "National Resistance") is the blanket term for a number of armed and unarmed groups from across the political spectrum that resisted the Axis occupation of Greece in the period 1941–1944, during World War II.
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Greek salad (χωριάτικη σαλάτα "rustic salad" or θερινή σαλάτα "summer salad") is a salad in Greek cuisine.
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The migration waves of Byzantine scholars and émigrés in the period following the Crusader sacking of Constantinople and the end of the Byzantine Empire in 1453, is considered by many scholars key to the revival of Greek and Roman studies that led to the development of the Renaissance humanism and science.
Greece is a maritime nation by tradition, as shipping is arguably the oldest form of occupation of the Greeks and has been a key element of Greek economic activity since ancient times.
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Greek tragedy is a form of theatre from Ancient Greece and Asia Minor.
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The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution (Ελληνική Επανάσταση, Elliniki Epanastasi; Ottoman: يونان عصياني Yunan İsyanı Greek Uprising), was a successful war of independence waged by the Greek revolutionaries between 1821 and 1832 against the Ottoman Empire.
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The Greek Water Polo cup is the second more important competition of Greek waterpolo and is organised by KOE (Hellenic Swimming Federation).
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The Greek–Turkish earthquake diplomacy was initiated after successive earthquakes hit both countries in the summer of 1999 and led to an improvement in Greco-Turkish relations.
The relations between the Greek and the Turkish states have been marked by alternating periods of mutual hostility and reconciliation ever since Greece won its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1821.
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The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania, Anatolia, Southern Italy, and other regions. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered around the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
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About a general view on history, geography, demographics and political issues concerning the region, see Northern Epirus. The Greeks of Albania are ethnic Greeks who live in or originate from areas within modern Albania.
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The Greek diaspora in Georgia, which in academic circles is often considered part of the broader, historic community of Pontic Greeks or—more specifically in this region—Caucasus Greeks, is estimated at between 15,000 and 20,000 people to 100,000 (15,166 according to the latest census) down from about 100,000 in 1989.
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The Greeks in Germany form a significant community with a population of 380,000 people according to the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, on December 31, 2007.
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The Greek presence in southern Russia is dated to the 6th century BC, although the ancient Greek settlers assimilated into the indigenous populations.
There is a small community of Greeks in the Czech Republic.
Greeks in the United Kingdom also referred to as Greek Britons include British citizens who were either Greek-born or Greek Cypriot-born migrants to the United Kingdom and their British-born descendants.
The Greeks in Turkey (Rumlar) constitute a population of Greek and Greek-speaking Eastern Orthodox Christians who mostly live in Istanbul, as well as on the two islands of the western entrance to the Dardanelles: Imbros and Tenedos (Gökçeada and Bozcaada).
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Greeks in Ukraine is a Hellenic minority that resides in Ukraine or used to live on territory of modern Ukraine.
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Greenwood Publishing Group (GPG) is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
Gregorios Xenopoulos (Γρηγόριος Ξενόπουλος; December 9, 1867 – 14 January 1951) was a novelist, journalist and writer of plays from Zakynthos.
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Grigoris Bithikotsis (Greek Γρηγόρης Μπιθικώτσης; December 11, 1922 - April 7, 2005) was a popular Greek folk singer/songwriter with a career spanning five decades.
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Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.
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A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe and the CIS, comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and U.S. preparatory high schools.
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A gyro or gyros The Greek pronunciation is given here; however, the word is commonly pronounced in English several different ways, including:,, or.
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Hadrian (Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus;In Classical Latin, Hadrian's name would be inscribed as PVBLIVS AELIVS HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS.As emperor his name was Imperator Caesar Divi Traiani filius Traianus Hadrianus Augustus. 24 January, 76 AD – 10 July, 138 AD) was Roman emperor from 117 to 138. He rebuilt the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma. He is also known for building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Britannia. Hadrian was regarded by some as a humanist and was philhellene in most of his tastes. He is regarded as one of the Five Good Emperors. Hadrian was born Publius Aelius Hadrianus into a Hispano-Roman family. Although Italica near Santiponce (in modern-day Spain) is often considered his birthplace, his place of birth remains uncertain. However, it is generally accepted that he comes of a family with centuries-old roots in Hispania. His predecessor Trajan was a maternal cousin of Hadrian's father. Trajan never officially designated an heir, but according to his wife Pompeia Plotina, Trajan named Hadrian emperor immediately before his death. Trajan's wife and his friend Licinius Sura were well-disposed towards Hadrian, and he may well have owed his succession to them. During his reign, Hadrian traveled to nearly every province of the Empire. An ardent admirer of Greece, he sought to make Athens the cultural capital of the Empire and ordered the construction of many opulent temples in the city. He used his relationship with his Greek lover Antinous to underline his philhellenism and led to the creation of one of the most popular cults of ancient times. He spent extensive amounts of his time with the military; he usually wore military attire and even dined and slept amongst the soldiers. He ordered military training and drilling to be more rigorous and even made use of false reports of attack to keep the army alert. Upon his accession to the throne, Hadrian withdrew from Trajan's conquests in Mesopotamia and Armenia, and even considered abandoning Dacia. Late in his reign he suppressed the Bar Kokhba revolt in Judaea, renaming the province Syria Palaestina. In 136 an ailing Hadrian adopted Lucius Aelius as his heir, but the latter died suddenly two years later. In 138, Hadrian resolved to adopt Antoninus Pius if he would in turn adopt Marcus Aurelius and Aelius' son Lucius Verus as his own eventual successors. Antoninus agreed, and soon afterward Hadrian died at Baiae.
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Handball (also known as team handball, Olympic handball, European team handball, European handball, or Borden ball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.
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Haris Alexiou (Χάρις Αλεξίου; born 27 December 1950 in Thebes, Greece as Hariklia Roupaka, Χαρίκλεια Ρουπάκα) is a Greek singer.
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Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony who often presides over a cabinet.
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A head of state is the highest-ranking constitutional position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.
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A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.
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Helene Ahrweiler, née Glykatzi (Ελένη Γλύκατζη-Αρβελέρ; Hélène Ahrweiler) is an eminent Greek university professor and Byzantinologist.
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The Hellenic Air Force (HAF) (Πολεμική Αεροπορία, Polemikí Aeroporía, literally "Military Aviation") is the air force of Greece.
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The Hellenic Army (Ελληνικός Στρατός, Ellinikós Stratós), formed in 1828, is the land force of Greece.
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The Hellenic Coast Guard (Greek Λιμενικό Σώμα-Ελληνική Ακτοφυλακή – Limeniko Soma-Elliniki Aktofylaki – lit. "Port Corps-Hellenic Coast Guard") is the national coast guard of Greece.
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The Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (Greek acronym: ELIAMEP) is an independent, non-profit Greek institute that does policy-oriented research and training.
The Hellenic Gendarmerie (Elliniki Chorofylaki) was the national gendarmerie and military police (until 1941) force of Greece.
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The Hellenic National Defence General Staff (Γενικό Επιτελείο Εθνικής Άμυνας, abbr. ΓΕΕΘΑ) is the senior staff of the Hellenic Armed Forces.
The Hellenic Navy (HN) (Πολεμικό Ναυτικό, Polemikó Naftikó, abbreviated ΠΝ) is the naval force of Greece, part of the Greek Armed Forces.
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The Hellenic Open University (Ελληνικό Ανοικτό Πανεπιστήμιο - ΕΑΠ) is a multi-school public university run by the Greek State.
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The Hellenic Parliament (Βουλή των Ελλήνων, "Parliament of the Hellenes", transliterated Voulí ton Ellínon) is the parliament of Greece, located in the Old Royal Palace, overlooking Syntagma Square in Athens.
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The Hellenic Police (Ελληνική Αστυνομία, Elliniki Astynomia, abbreviated ΕΛ.ΑΣ.) is the national police service of Greece.
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The Hellenic Statistical Authority (Ελληνική Στατιστική Αρχή), known by its acronym ELSTAT (ΕΛ.ΣΤΑΤ), is the national statistical service of Greece.
Hellenism (Greek: Ἑλληνισμός), the Hellenic ethnic religion (Ἑλληνικὴ εθνική θρησκεία), also commonly known as Hellenismos, Dodekatheism (Δωδεκαθεϊσμός), or Olympianism, refers to various religious movements that revive ancient Greek religious practices, publicly, emerging since the 1990s.
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The Hellenistic period covers the period of ancient Greek (Hellenic) history and Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.
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Hephaestus (or; eight spellings; Ancient Greek: Ἥφαιστος Hēphaistos) is the Greek god of blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metals, metallurgy, fire and volcanoes.
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Hera, Greek Ἥρᾱ, Hērā, equivalently Ἥρη, Hērē, in Ionic and Homer) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion. Her chief function was as the goddess of women and marriage. Her counterpart in the religion of ancient Rome was Juno.Larousse Desk Reference Encyclopedia, The Book People, Haydock, 1995, p. 215. The cow, lion and the peacock were considered sacred to her. Hera's mother is Rhea and her father Cronus. Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the polos (a high cylindrical crown worn by several of the Great Goddesses), Hera may bear a pomegranate in her hand, emblem of fertile blood and death and a substitute for the narcotic capsule of the opium poppy. Scholar of Greek mythology Walter Burkert writes in Greek Religion, "Nevertheless, there are memories of an earlier aniconic representation, as a pillar in Argos and as a plank in Samos." Hera was known for her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus's lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her, such as Pelias. Paris also earned Hera's hatred by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess.
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Heraklion (also Heraclion, Iraklio(n); (Ηράκλειο, Irákleio) is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete, Greece. It is one of the largest cities in Greece. According to the results of 2011 census, the population of the city was 173,993 inhabitants while the Heraklion urban area has a population of 225,574 and it extends over an area of. Heraklion is the capital of Heraklion regional unit. The Bronze Age palace of Knossos, also known as the Palace of Minos, is located nearby.
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Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia.
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Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος Hēródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484–425 BC).
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Historiography refers to both the study of the methodology of historians and development of history as a discipline, and also to a body of historical work on a particular subject.
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The causes and mechanisms of the decline of the Roman Empire are a historical theme that was introduced by historian Edward Gibbon in his 1776 book The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
The history of modern Greece covers the history of Greece from the recognition of its autonomy from the Ottoman Empire by the Great Powers (Great Britain, France, and Russia) in 1828, after the Greek War of Independence, to the present day.
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The history of science in classical antiquity encompasses both those inquiries into the workings of the universe aimed at such practical goals as establishing a reliable calendar or determining how to cure a variety of illnesses and those abstract investigations known as natural philosophy.
Jews have been present in Greece since at least the fourth century BC.
Hoboken (Unami: Hupokàn) is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.
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Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is best known as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey.
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Quintus Horatius Flaccus (December 8, 65 BC – November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus (also known as Octavian).
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The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
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The Huns were a nomadic group of people who are known to have lived in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia between the 1st century AD and the 7th century.
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Hydra (Ύδρα, pronounced in modern Greek) is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece, located in the Aegean Sea between the Saronic Gulf and the Argolic Gulf.
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A hydrofoil is a lifting surface, or foil, which operates in water.
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The Hymn to Liberty or Hymn to Freedom (Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν) is a poem written by Dionýsios Solomós in 1823 that consists of 158 stanzas, which is used as the national anthem of Greece and Cyprus.
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Iakovos Kambanelis (or Kampanellis) (Greek: Ιάκωβος Καμπανέλλης; December 2, 1921 – March 29, 2011) was a Greek poet, playwright, screenwriter, lyricist, and novelist.
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Iannis Xenakis (Greek: Γιάννης (Ιάννης) Ξενάκης; 29 May 1922 – 4 February 2001) was a Greek-French composer, music theorist, and architect-engineer.
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Ibrahim Pasha (Kavalalı İbrahim Paşa, 1789 – November 10, 1848) was the eldest son of Muhammad Ali, the Wāli and unrecognised Khedive of Egypt and Sudan.
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Icaria, also spelled Ikaria (Ικαρία), is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, 10 nautical miles (19 km) southwest of Samos.
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Iceland is a Nordic island country between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean.
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Igoumenitsa (Ηγουμενίτσα), is a coastal city in northwestern Greece.
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The Iliad (Ἰλιάς, in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.
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The Illyrian deciduous forests form a terrestrial ecoregion of Europe according to both the WWF and Digital Map of European Ecological Regions by the European Environment Agency.
Immigration is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess its citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
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The Independent Greeks (Ανεξάρτητοι Έλληνες, Anexartitoi Ellines, ANEL) is a conservative, national-conservative and right-wing populist political party in Greece.
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This page list topics related to Greece.
The Indo-Greek Kingdom or Graeco-Indian Kingdom was a Hellenistic kingdom covering various parts of the northwest regions of the Indian subcontinent (modern Afghanistan, Pakistan and North Western India) during the last two centuries BC, and was ruled by more than 30 kings, often in conflict with each other.
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Institutions are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior." As structures or mechanisms of social order, they govern the behaviour of a set of individuals within a given community.
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The European Union's (EU) internal market, also known as the EU Single Market, is a single market that seeks to guarantee the free movement of goods, capital, services, and people – the "four freedoms" – between the EU's 28 member states.
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The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, commonly referred to as the Foursquare Church, is a Protestant evangelical Pentecostal Christian denomination founded in 1923 by preacher Aimee Semple McPherson.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".
The following is a list of international rankings of.
An Internet café is a place which provides Internet access to the public, usually for a fee.
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Ioannina (Ιωάννινα), often called Yannena (Γιάννενα) within Greece, is the capital and largest city of Epirus, an administrative region in north-western Greece, with a population of 112,486 (in 2011).
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Count Ioannis Antonios Kapodistrias (11 February 17769 October 1831), sometimes anglicized as John Capodistrias (Κόμης Ιωάννης Αντώνιος Καποδίστριας Komis Ioannis Antonios Kapodistrias; граф Иоанн Каподистрия Graf Ioann Kapodistriya; Giovanni Antonio Capodistria Conte Capo d'Istria), was a Greek Foreign Minister of the Russian Empire and one of the most distinguished politicians and diplomats of Europe.
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Ioannis Metaxas (Ιωάννης Μεταξάς; 12 April 1871 – 29 January 1941) was a Greek general and dictator, serving as Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death in 1941.
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The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia; Ancient Greek, Katharevousa: Ἰόνιοι Νῆσοι, Ionioi Nēsoi; Isole Ionie) are a group of islands in Greece.
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Ionian Islands (Περιφέρεια Ιονίων Νήσων) constitute one of the thirteen regions of Greece.
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The Ionian Revolt, and associated revolts in Aeolis, Doris, Cyprus and Caria, were military rebellions by several Greek regions of Asia Minor against Persian rule, lasting from 499 BC to 493 BC.
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The term Ionian (or Heptanese) School of Music (Greek: Επτανησιακή Σχολή, literally: Seven Islands' School) denotes the musical production of a group of Heptanesian composers, whose heyday was from the early 19th century till approximately the 1950s.
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The Ionian Sea (Ιόνιο Πέλαγος,, Mar Ionio,, Deti Jon) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea.
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Ionic Greek was a subdialect of the Attic–Ionic dialect group of Ancient Greek (see Greek dialects).
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Iraklis Volleyball Club (ΤΑΠ Γ.Σ. Ηρακλής), or Iraklis Volley, is a volleyball team based in Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece.
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Irene Papas (Greek Ειρήνη Παππά; born 3 September 1926) is a retired Greek actress and occasional singer, who has starred in over seventy films in a career spanning more than fifty years.
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Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
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Istanbul (İstanbul), once known as Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical center.
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The Isthmus of Corinth is the narrow land bridge which connects the Peloponnese peninsula with the rest of the mainland of Greece, near the city of Corinth.
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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
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Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
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The Jewish Virtual Library (JVL) is an online encyclopedia published by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE), one of whose "principal objectives is to enhance Israel's image by publicizing novel Israeli approaches to problems common to both our nations and illustrating how Americans can learn from these innovations." Launched in 1998, it is a comprehensive website covering topics about US-Israel relations, Israel, the Jewish people, and more.
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John Hadji Argyris FRS (Greek: Ιωάννης Αργύρης; 19 August 1913 - 2 April 2004) was a pioneer of computer applications in science and engineering,Hughes TJR, Oden JT, and Papadrakakis M (2011) John H Argyris, Memorial Tributes: National Academy of Engineering, 15, 24-31.
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John Nicholas Cassavetes (December 9, 1929 – February 3, 1989) was a Greek-American actor, film director and screenwriter.
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John Iliopoulos (Greek language: Ιωάννης Ηλιόπουλος; 1940, Kalamata) is a Greek physicist and the first person to present the Standard Model of particle physics in a single report.
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John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing and markets its products to professionals and consumers, students and instructors in higher education, and researchers and practitioners in scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly fields.
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Joseph Sifakis (Ιωσήφ Σηφάκης) is a Greek-born French computer scientist,, Evangélia Moussouri, in Écarts d'identités n⁰95-96, ISSN 1252-6665, reprinting information from an interview of Joseph Sifakis in Des grecs, les grecs de Grenoble, Musée Dauphinois, ISBN 2-905375-08-6 laureate of the 2007 Turing Award, along with Edmund M. Clarke and E. Allen Emerson, for his work on model checking.
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JPMorgan Chase & Co. is an American multinational banking and financial services holding company headquartered in New York City.
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Judaeo-Spanish (also Judeo-Spanish and Judæo-Spanish: Judeo-Español, Hebrew script: גֿודֿיאו-איספאנייול, Cyrillic: Ђудео-Еспањол), commonly referred to as Ladino, is a Romance language derived from Old Spanish.
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The Judicial system of Greece is the constitutionally established system of courts.
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The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
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Kalamata (Καλαμάτα Kalamáta, formerly Καλάμαι Kalámai) is the second most populous city of the Peloponnese peninsula in southern Greece and the largest city of the homonymous administrative region.
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The Kallikratis Programme (Πρόγραμμα Καλλικράτης) is the common name of Greek law 3852/2010, a major administrative reform in Greece.
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Karagiozis or Karaghiozis (Καραγκιόζης, Turkish; Karagöz) is a shadow puppet and fictional character of Greek folklore, originating in the Turkish shadow play Karagöz and Hacivat.
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Karolos Koun (Kuhn) (Κάρολος Κουν; September 13, 1908, Bursa – February 14, 1987, Athens) was a Greek theater director, widely known for his lively staging of ancient Greek plays.
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Karpathos (Κάρπαθος) is the second largest of the Greek Dodecanese islands, in the southeastern Aegean Sea.
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Kars Oblast (Карсская область, Karsskaya Oblast) was one of the Transcaucasian oblasts of the Russian Empire between 1878 and 1917.
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Karyes (Καρυές) is a settlement in Mount Athos.
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Kasos (also Kassos; Κάσος) is a Greek island municipality in the Dodecanese.
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Katharevousa (Καθαρεύουσα, (Modern Greek: /kaθaˈrevusa/, lit. "pure "), is a form of the Modern Greek language conceived in the early 19th century as a compromise between Ancient Greek and the Demotic Greek of the time. Originally, it was widely used both for literary and official purposes, though seldom in daily language. In the 20th century, it was increasingly adopted for official and formal purposes, until Demotic Greek became the official language of Greece in 1976 and Andreas Papandreou abolished the polytonic system of writing in 1981. Katharevousa was conceived by the intellectual and revolutionary leader Adamantios Korais. A graduate of the University of Montpellier, Korais spent most of his life as an expatriate in Paris. Being a classical scholar, he was repelled by the Byzantine and later influence on Greek society and was a fierce critic of the clergy and their alleged subservience to the Ottoman Empire. He held that education was a prerequisite to Greek liberation. Part of its purpose was to mediate the struggle between the "archaists" favouring full reversion to archaic forms, and the "modernists".
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I Kathimerini (Η Καθημερινή, meaning "The Daily") is a daily morning newspaper published in Athens.
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Katina Paxinou (Κατίνα Παξινού; 17 December 1900 – 22 February 1973) was a Greek film and stage actress.
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Kavala (Καβάλα) is a city in northern Greece, the principal seaport of eastern Macedonia and the capital of Kavala regional unit.
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Kiato (Κιάτο) is a town in the northern part of Corinthia in the Peloponnese, Greece.
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The kilowatt hour (symbol kWh, kW·h, or kW h) is a unit of energy equal to 1,000 watt-hours, or 3.6 megajoules.
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A kindergarten (German), literally children's garden, is a preschool educational approach traditionally based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school.
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The Kingdom of Candia (Regno di Candia) or Duchy of Candia (Ducato di Candia) was the official name of Crete during the island's period as an overseas colony of the Republic of Venice, from the initial Venetian conquest in 1205–1212 to its fall to the Ottoman Empire during the Cretan War (1645–1669).
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The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος, Vasílion tis Elládos) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire).
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The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state founded in 1861 when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy.
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Kipoi (Greek: Κήποι) is a village in Feres municipal unit, Evros regional unit in northeastern Greece.
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Klephts (Greek: κλέφτης, pl. κλέφτες - kleftis, kleftes, which means "thief" - and perhaps originally meant just "brigand": "Other Greeks, taking to the mountains, became unofficial, self-appointed armatoles and were known as klephts (from the Greek kleptes, "brigand").") were highwaymen turned self-appointed armatoloi, anti-Ottoman insurgents, and warlike mountain-folk who lived in the countryside when Greece was a part of the Ottoman Empire.
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The Donald E. Knuth Prize is a prize for outstanding contributions to the foundations of computer science, named after Donald E. Knuth.
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Komotini (Κομοτηνή; Gümülcine) is a city in the region of East Macedonia and Thrace, northeastern Greece.
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Konstantinos G. Karamanlis (Κωνσταντίνος Γ. Καραμανλής; 8 March 1907 – 23 April 1998), commonly anglicised to Constantine Karamanlis or Caramanlis, was a four-time Prime Minister and twice President of the Third Hellenic Republic, and a towering figure of Greek politics whose political career spanned much of the latter half of the 20th century.
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Kos or Cos (Κως) is a Greek island, part of the Dodecanese island chain in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the Anatolian coast of Turkey.
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Kostas Karyotakis (Κώστας Καρυωτάκης, October 30, 1896 – July 20, 1928) is considered one of the most representative Greek poets of the 1920s and one of the first poets to use iconoclastic themes in Greece.
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Kostis Palamas (Κωστής Παλαμάς; – 27 February 1943) was a Greek poet who wrote the words to the Olympic Hymn.
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Kozani (Κοζάνη) is a town in northern Greece, capital of Kozani regional unit and of West Macedonia region.
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Kythira (Κύθηρα, also transliterated as Cythera, Kythera and Kithira) is an island in Greece lying opposite the south-eastern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula.
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Laïkó (λαϊκό τραγούδι,, "song of the people"; "popular song", pl: laïká), is a Greek music genre composed in Greek language in accordance with the tradition of the Greek people.
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Labour Day (Labor Day in the United States) is an annual holiday to celebrate the achievements of workers.
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Laconia (Λακωνία), also known as Lacedaemonia, is a region in the southeastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula.
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In ancient Greek mythology, Lamia (Greek: Λάμια) was a beautiful queen of Libya who became a child-eating daemon.
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Lamia (Λαμία, Lamía) is a city in central Greece.
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Larissa (Λάρισα) is the capital and largest city of the Thessaly region of Greece and capital of the Larissa regional unit.
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The Late Bronze Age collapse was a transition in the Aegean Region, Southwestern Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age that historians believe was violent, sudden and culturally disruptive.
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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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Laurium or Lavrio (Λαύριο; Λαύριον; before early 11th century BC: Θορικός Thorikos; from Middle Ages until 19th century: Εργαστήρι Ergastiri) is a town in southeastern part of Attica, Greece.
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Laurus nobilis is an aromatic evergreen tree or large shrub with green, glossy leaves, native to the Mediterranean region.
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The League of Corinth, also referred to sometimes as the Hellenic League (from Greek Ἑλληνικός Hellenikos, "pertaining to Greece and Greeks"), was a federation of Greek states created by Philip II of Macedon during the winter of 338 BC/337 BC after the Battle of Chaeronea, to facilitate his use of military forces in his war against Persia.
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Lefkada, or Leucas or Leucadia or Lefkas or Leukas (Λευκάδα; Ancient Greek and Katharevousa: Λευκάς), is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea on the west coast of Greece, connected to the mainland by a long causeway and floating bridge.
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Left-wing politics are political positions or activities that accept or support social equality, often in opposition to social hierarchy and social inequality.
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A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy.
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Lemnos (Λήμνος, Limnos) is an island of Greece in the northern part of the Aegean Sea.
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The LEN Champions League is the premier European water polo club competition with teams from up to 18 different countries.
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The LEN Cup Winners' Cup was a European water polo club competition organized by the Ligue Européenne de Natation.
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The LEN Euro League Women is the premier European water polo club competitions run by the Ligue Européenne de Natation.
The lentil (Lens culinaris) is an edible pulse.
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Leonidas I (or; Doric and Modern Greek: Λεωνίδας, Leōnidas; Ionic Greek: Λεωνίδης, Leōnidēs; died 480 BC), was a Greek warrior king of the Greek city-state of Sparta.
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Leonidas Kavakos (Λεωνίδας Καβάκος; born 30 October 1967) is a Greek violinist and conductor.
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The Leopard 2 is a main battle tank developed by Krauss-Maffei in the 1970s for the West German Army.
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Lesbos (Λέσβος), sometimes referred to as Mytilini after its capital, is a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea.
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The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States.
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A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.
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Life expectancy is a statistical measure of how long a person or organism may live, based on the year of their birth, their current age and other demographic factors including gender.
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Lignite, often referred to as brown coal, is a soft brown combustible sedimentary rock formed from naturally compressed peat.
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Linear A is one of two currently undeciphered writing systems used in ancient Greece (Cretan hieroglyphic is the other).
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Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested language form of Greek.
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A lingua franca (plural lingua francas), also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language or vehicular language, is a language or dialect systematically (as opposed to occasionally, or casually) used to make communication possible between persons not sharing a native language or dialect, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both native languages.
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Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.
This article includes four lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values.
This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year.
This article includes three lists of countries by gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e. the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
This article contains two lists of countries by length of coastline, in kilometers.
This article is a list of countries by military expenditure, the amount spent by a nation on its military in a given year.
Greece has an extremely large number of islands, with estimates ranging from somewhere around 1,200 to 6,000, depending on the minimum size to take into account.
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Prior to the 2012 elections the characteristic Greek political system was a two-party system.
This is a list of the heads of government of the modern Greek state, from its establishment during the Greek Revolution to the present day.
This is a sortable list of all European countries by their gross domestic product in USD at market or official government exchange rates (nominal GDP).
The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Osmanlı padişahları), made up solely of the members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922.
The loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta), or loggerhead, is an oceanic turtle distributed throughout the world.
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The London Conference of 1832 was an international conference convened to establish a stable government in Greece.
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The London Protocol of 3 February 1830 was an agreement between the three Great Powers (Great Britain, France and Russia), which amended the decisions of the 1829 protocol and established Greece as an independent, sovereign state.
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Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.
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LTE, an abbreviation for Long-Term Evolution, commonly marketed as 4G LTE, is a standard for wireless communication of high-speed data for mobile phones and data terminals.
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Lucas Demetrios Papademos (Λουκάς Παπαδήμος; born 11 October 1947) is a Greek economist who was the Prime Minister of Greece from 2011 to 2012, leading a provisional government in the wake of the Greek debt crisis.
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A lynx (plural lynx or lynxes) is any of the four species within the Lynx genus of medium-sized wild cats.
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The lyre (λύρα, lýra) is a string instrument known for its use in Greek classical antiquity and later periods.
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Lyric poetry is a form of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person.
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Macedonia or Macedon (Μακεδονία, Makedonía) was an ancient kingdom on the northern periphery of Classical Greece and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece.
Macedonia (Μακεδονία, Makedonía) is a geographic and historical region of Greece in the southern Balkans.
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The Macedonia naming dispute is a political dispute centered over the use of the name Macedonia between the Balkan countries of Greece and the Republic of Macedonia, formerly a federal unit of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
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Macedonian (македонски јазик, makedonski jazik) is a South Slavic language, spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia.
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The Macedonian Wars were a series of conflicts fought by the Roman Republic and its Greek allies in the eastern Mediterranean against several different major Greek kingdoms.
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Madalena (Μανταλένα) is a 1960 Greek comedy film directed by Dinos Dimopoulos.
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Magna Graecia (Latin meaning "Great Greece", Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς, Megálē Hellás) is the name of the coastal areas of Southern Italy on the Tarentine Gulf that were extensively populated by Greek settlers; particularly the Achaean settlements of Tarentum, Croton, and Sybaris, and to the north, the settlements of Cumae and Neapolis.
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Mani | conventional_long_name.
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The Maniots or Maniates (Μανιάτες) are the inhabitants of the Mani Peninsula, Laconia, in the southern Peloponnese, Greece.
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Manolis Andronikos (Μανόλης Ανδρόνικος) (October 23, 1919 – March 30, 1992) was a Greek archaeologist and a professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
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Manolis Kalomiris (Μανώλης Καλομοίρης; December 14, 1883, Smyrna – April 3, 1962, Athens), was a Greek classical composer.
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Manos Hatzidakis (also spelled Hadjidakis; Μάνος Χατζιδάκις; October 23, 1925 – June 15, 1994) was a Greek composer and theorist of Greek music.
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Emmanuel (Manos) Katrakis (Εμμανουήλ (Μάνος) Κατράκης; 14 August 1908 – 2 September 1984) was a Greek actor of theater and film.
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Mantinades (singular mantinada, Greek: μαντινάδα, μαντινάδες) is the art of musical declamation (recitative) in form of a narrative or dialogue, sung in the rhythm of accompanying music.
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Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977), was an American-born Greek soprano and one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century.
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Maria Menounos (born June 8, 1978) is an American actress, journalist, television host and occasional professional wrestler.
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Marika Kotopouli (Μαρίκα Κοτοπούλη; 3 May 1887 – 3 September 1954) was a Greek stage actress during the first half of the 20th century.
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Mario Frangoulis (Μάριος Φραγκούλης; born 1967) is a Greek tenor and is best known for his song, "Vincerò, Perderò".
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The Maritsa, Meriç or Evros(Марица, Maritsa; Ἕβρος, Ebros; Έβρος Evros; Hebrus or Hebrus, Romanized Thracian: Evgos or Ebros; Meriç) is, with a length of 480 km, the longest river that runs solely in the interior of the Balkans.
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Mark A. Mazower (born 20 February 1958, London) is a Jewish-British historian.
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MarketWatch operates a financial information website that provides business news, analysis, and stock market data.
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Marousi or Maroussi (Μαρούσι, also Αμαρούσιο Amarousio) is a suburban city in the northeastern part of the Athens agglomeration, Greece.
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Maroussi B.C. (K.A.E. Μαρούσι) sometimes translated as GS Amaroussi, is a basketball club based in Marousi, a northern suburb of Athens in Greece.
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The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion (approximately $130 billion in current dollar value as of August 2015) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
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There were numerous massacres during the Greek War of Independence perpetrated by both the Ottoman forces and the Greek revolutionaries.
Medieval Greek, also known as Byzantine Greek, is the stage of the Greek language between the end of Classical antiquity in the 5th-6th centuries and the end of the Middle Ages, conventionally dated to the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453. From the 7th century onwards, Greek was the only language of administration and government in the Byzantine Empire. This stage of language is thus described as Byzantine Greek. The study of the Medieval Greek language and literature is a branch of Byzantine Studies, or Byzantinology, the study of the history and culture of the Byzantine Empire. The beginning of Medieval Greek is occasionally dated back to as early as the 4th century, either to 330 AD, when the political centre of the Roman Empire was moved to Constantinople, or to 395 AD, the division of the Empire. However, this approach is rather arbitrary as it is more an assumption of political as opposed to cultural and linguistic developments. Indeed, by this time the spoken language, particularly pronunciation, had already shifted towards modern forms. The conquests of Alexander, and the ensuing Hellenistic period, had caused Greek to spread to peoples throughout Anatolia and the Eastern Mediterranean, altering the spoken language's pronunciation and structure. Medieval Greek is the link between this vernacular, known as Koine Greek, and the Modern Greek language. Though Byzantine Greek literature was still strongly influenced by Ancient Greek, it was also influenced by vernacular Koine Greek, which is the language of the New Testament and the liturgical language of the church.
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In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin (also known as the Mediterranean region or sometimes Mediterranea) is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.
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The term Mediterranean climate is one typical of the Mediterranean Basin and is a particular variety of subtropical climate.
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The Mediterranean diet is a modern nutritional recommendation originally inspired by the traditional dietary patterns of Greece, Southern Italy, and Spain.
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The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.
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The Megleno-Romanians or Meglen Vlachs or Moglenite Vlachs, (Megleno-Romanian: Vlași; Βλαχομογλενίτες, Vlachomoglenítes; Meglenoromâni, Megleniţi, or Vlaşi, Власи) are a small Eastern Romance people, originally inhabiting seven villages in the Moglena region spanning the Pella and Kilkis regional units of Central Macedonia, Greece, and one village, Huma (depopulated village), across the border in the Republic of Macedonia.
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Melina Mercouri (Μελίνα Μερκούρη, born as Maria Amalia Mercouri, Μαρία Αμαλία Μερκούρη; 18 October 19206 March 1994), was a Greek actress, singer and politician.
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A memorandum (abbrev.: memo) was from the Latin verbal phrase memorandum est, the gerundive form of the verb memoro, "to mention, call to mind, recount, relate", which means "It must be remembered (that)...". It is therefore a note, document or other communication that helps the memory by recording events or observations on a topic, such as may be used in a business office.
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Mentha (also known as mint, from Greek míntha, Linear B mi-ta) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae (mint family).
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In archaeology, mesolithic (Greek: mesos "middle", lithos "stone") is the culture between paleolithic and neolithic.
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The Metapolitefsi (Μεταπολίτευση, translated as "polity/regime change") was a period in Greek history after the fall of the Greek military junta of 1967–74 that includes the transitional period from the fall of the dictatorship to the Greek legislative elections of 1974 and the democratic period immediately after these elections.
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Metaxa (Μεταξά) is a Greek liqueur based on brandy blended with wine and flavorings.
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The Metéora (Μετέωρα,, lit. "middle of the sky", "suspended in the air" or "in the heavens above" — etymologically related to meteorology) is one of the largest and most important complexes of Greek Orthodox monasteries in Greece, second only to Mount Athos.
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Meze or mezze (also spelled as Mazzeh or Mazze) (مزه, Meze)() is a selection of small dishes served to accompany alcoholic drinks as a course or as appetizers before the main dish in Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Near East and the Balkans.
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Michael Cacoyannis (Μιχάλης Κακογιάννης, Michalis Kakogiannis; 11 June 192125 July 2011) was a Cypriot filmmaker, best known for his 1964 film Zorba the Greek.
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Michael Leonidas Dertouzos (Greek: Μιχαήλ Λεωνίδας Δερτούζος) (November 5, 1936 - August 27, 2001) was a Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS) from 1974 to 2001.
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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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The Middle EastArabic: الشرق الأوسط,; Armenian: Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’; Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq; French: Moyen-Orient; Georgian: ახლო აღმოსავლეთი, akhlo aghmosavleti; Greek: Μέση Ανατολή, Mési Anatolí; Hebrew: המזרח התיכון, Ha'Mizrah Ha'Tihon; Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn; Persian: خاورمیانه, khāvar-miyāneh; Somali: Bariga Dhexe; Soranî Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, rrojhellatî nayn; Turkish: Orta Doğu; Urdu: مشرق وسطی, hashrq vsty (also called the Mid East) is a eurocentric description of a region centered on Western Asia and Egypt.
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The Migration Period, better known as the Barbarian Invasions also referred to as the Völkerwanderung (in German), was a period of intensified barbarian invasion in Europe, often defined from the period when it seriously impacted the Roman world, as running from about 376 to 800 AD during the transition from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages.
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Mihalis Yannakakis (Μιχάλης Γιαννακάκης; born 13 September 1953 in Athens, Greece) (accessed 12 November 2009) is Professor of Computer Science at Columbia University.
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Michael "Mikis" Theodorakis (Μιχαήλ (Μίκης) Θεοδωράκης; born 29 July 1925) is a Greek songwriter and composer who has written over 1000 songs.
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Milos or Melos (Modern Greek: Μήλος; Μῆλος Melos) is a volcanic Greek island in the Aegean Sea, just north of the Sea of Crete.
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The Minister for Foreign Affairs (Υπουργός Εξωτερικών) is the senior minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, established on 3 April 1833.
The Ministry of Health and Social Security (Υπουργείο Υγείας και Κοινωνικών Ασφαλίσεων), between 2012 and 2015 simply known as the Ministry of Health (Υπουργείο Υγείας), is the government department responsible for managing Greece's health system.
The Ministry of National Defence (Υπουργείο Εθνικής Άμυνας, abbreviated ΥΠΕΘΑ), is the civilian cabinet organization responsible for managing the Military of Greece.
The Ministry of Shipping and Island Policy is a government department of Greece.
The Minoan civilization was an Aegean Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete and other Aegean islands such as Santorini and flourished from approximately 2600 to 1400 BCE.
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Missolonghi (Μεσολόγγι, Mesolongi) is a municipality of 34,416 people (according to the 2011 census) in western Greece.
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Modern Greek (νέα ελληνικά or νεοελληνική γλώσσα "Neo-Hellenic", historically and colloquially also known as Ρωμαίικα "Romaic" or "Roman", and Γραικικά "Greek") refers to the dialects and varieties of the Greek language spoken in the modern era.
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The Modern Greek Enlightenment (Διαφωτισμός, Diafotismos, "enlightenment," "illumination") was the Greek expression of the Age of Enlightenment.
Modern Greek literature refers to literature written in common Modern Greek, emerging from late Byzantine times in the 11th century AD.
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Montreal (Montréal) is a city in the Canadian province of Quebec.
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The Morea expedition (Expédition de Morée) is the name given in France to the land intervention of the French Army in the Peloponnese (at the time often still known by its medieval name, Morea) between 1828 and 1833, at the time of the Greek War of Independence.
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The Morean War (La guerra di Morea, Mora Savaşı) is the better-known name for the Sixth Ottoman–Venetian War.
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A motion of no confidence (alternatively vote of no confidence, censure motion, no-confidence motion, or (unsuccessful) confidence motion) is a statement or vote which states that a person in a superior position—be it government, managerial, etc.—is no longer deemed fit to hold that position.
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Motorola, Inc. was a multinational telecommunications company based in Schaumburg, Illinois, United States (U.S.). After having lost $4.3 billion from 2007 to 2009, the company was divided into two independent public companies, Motorola Mobility and Motorola Solutions on January 4, 2011.
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The Greek Motorway 1, code: A1, is a motorway in Greece.
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Mount Athos (Όρος Άθως, Οros Αthos) is a mountain and peninsula in Northern Greece.
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Mount Olympus (Όλυμπος; also transliterated as Olympos, and on Greek maps, Oros Olympos) is the highest mountain in Greece and the second highest mountain in the Balkans.
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Moussaka is an eggplant- (aubergine) or potato-based dish, often including ground meat, in the cuisines of the countries of the former Ottoman Empire, with many local and regional variations.
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Muhammad Ali Pasha al-Mas'ud ibn Agha (محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا; محمد علي باشا / ALA-LC: Muḥammad ‘Alī Bāshā; Albanian: Mehmet Ali Pasha; Turkish: Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa; 4 March 1769 – 2 August 1849) was an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army, who became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan with the Ottomans' temporary approval.
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The municipalities of Greece (δήμοι - dimoi) are the lowest level of government within the organizational structure of that country.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting, and dance.
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The Muslim minority of Greece is the only explicitly recognized minority in Greece.
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"My Number One" is the 2005 winning song of the 50th Eurovision Song Contest being the 2005 Eurovision entrant for Greece performed by Elena Paparizou credited as Helena Paparizou.
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Mycenaean Greece refers to the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece (c. 1600–1100 BC).
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Mykonos (Μύκονος) is a Greek island, part of the Cyclades, lying between Tinos, Syros, Paros and Naxos.
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The Myrtoan (Mirtoan) Sea (Mυρτώο Πέλαγος, Myrtöo Pelagos) is a subdivision of the Mediterranean Sea that lies between the Cyclades and the Peloponnesos.
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Mytilene (Greek: Μυτιλήνη) is an ancient city founded in the 11th century BC.
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Nafplio (Ναύπλιο, Nafplio) is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece that has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf.
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This is a calendar of name days in Greece.
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The Greeks (Έλληνες) have been identified by many ethnonyms.
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Nana Mouskouri (Nάνα Μούσχουρη), born Iōánna Moúschouri (Ιωάννα Μούσχουρη) on October 13, 1934, in Chania, Crete, Greece, is a Greek singer.
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A nation state is a geographical area that can be identified as deriving its political legitimacy from serving as a sovereign nation.
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The National Bank of Greece (NBG; Εθνική Τράπεζα της Ελλάδος) is a global banking and financial services company with its headquarters in Athens, Greece.
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National Geographic Traveler is a magazine published by the National Geographic Society in the United States.
The National Schism (Εθνικός Διχασμός, Ethnikos Dikhasmos, sometimes called The Great Division) was a series of disagreements between King Constantine I and Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos regarding the foreign policy of Greece in the period of 1910–22 of which the tipping point was whether Greece should enter World War I. Venizelos was in support of the Allies and wanted Greece to join the war on their side, while the pro-German King wanted Greece to remain neutral, which would favor the plans of the Central Powers.
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The National Theatre of Greece is based in Athens, Greece.
A national unity government, government of national unity, or national union government is a broad coalition government consisting of all parties (or all major parties) in the legislature, usually formed during a time of war or other national emergency.
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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
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Natural gas is a fossil fuel formed when layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense heat and pressure over thousands of years.
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Naxos (Greek: Νάξος) is a Greek island—at the largest of the Cyclades island group in the Aegean.
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Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled.
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Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
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National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and Nazi state as well as other far-right groups.
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The Nautical Club of Vouliagmeni, or "NOV" (Greek: Ναυτικός Όμιλος Βουλιαγμένης, "NOB") is a major aquatic sports club, founded by local sportsmen in 1937 in the seaside resort of Vouliagmeni, south of Athens, Greece.
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Near East (Proche-Orient) is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia.
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The Neolithic Age, Era, or Period, from νέος (néos, "new") and λίθος (líthos, "stone"), or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world from First Farmers: The Origins of Agricultural Societies by Peter Bellwood, 2004 and ending between 4,500 and 2,000 BC.
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Neoplatonism is a modern term for a period of philosophy in the late Roman empire, which began with the philosopher Plotinus in the 3rd century CE and continued with his critics and commentators until the 529 CE closing of the Platonic Academy in Athens, symptom of the general shift in Roman culture against Hellenic pagan philosophy to Christian dogma.
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Nero (Latin: Nerō Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 15 December 37 – 9 June 68) was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
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Never on Sunday (Ποτέ Την Κυριακή) is a 1960 Greek black-and-white romantic comedy film.
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The New Democracy (Νέα Δημοκρατία), also referred to as ND by its initials, is a liberal-conservative political party in Greece.
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New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States.
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The New Testament (Koine Greek: Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē) is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, which is based on the Hebrew Bible.
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Nicholas Negroponte (born December 1, 1943) is a Greek American architect.
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Nikolaos Halikiopoulos Mantzaros (or, 26 October 1795 – 12 April 1872) was a Greek composer born in Corfu and the major representative of the so-called Ionian School of music (Επτανησιακή Σχολή).
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Nikos Kazantzakis (Νίκος Καζαντζάκης; 18 February 188326 October 1957) was a Greek writer and philosopher, celebrated for his novel Zorba the Greek, considered his magnum opus.
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Nikolaos Kotzias (Νικόλαος Κοτζιάς; born 19 November 1950) is serving as the Greek Minister for Foreign Affairs from 23 September 2015 and in the past from 27 January to 28 August 2015.
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Nikos Koundouros (Νίκος Κούνδουρος), is a Greek film director, born in Agios Nikolaos, Crete in 1926.
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Nikos Skalkottas (Nίκος Σκαλκώτας; 21 March 1904 – 19 September 1949) was a Greek composer of 20th-century classical music.
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Nikos Tsiforos (Νίκος Τσιφόρος; 1912 – 6 August 1970) was a Greek screenwriter and film director.
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Since 1901, the Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) has been awarded annually to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning).
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Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfù, translated as The Noble Theatre of Saint James of Corfu, or simply Teatro di San Giacomo, was a theatre in Corfu, Greece which became the centre of Greek opera between 1733 and 1893.
A nocturne (from the French which meant nocturnal, from Latin nocturnus) is usually a musical composition that is inspired by, or evocative of, the night.
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The North Aegean (Περιφέρεια Βορείου Αιγαίου) is one of the thirteen regions of Greece.
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The North Aegean islands are a number of disconnected islands in the north Aegean Sea, also known as the Northeast Aegean islands, belonging to Greece and Turkey.
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Northern Cyprus (Kuzey Kıbrıs), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC; Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti), is a self-declared state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus.
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Northern Epirus (Βόρειος Ήπειρος, Vorios Ipiros, Epiri i Veriut) is a term used to refer to those parts of the historical region of Epirus, in the western Balkans, that are part of the modern Albania.
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Northern Greece (Βόρεια Ελλάδα, Voreia Ellada), is used to refer to the northern parts of Greece, and can have various definitions.
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A nuclear power plant is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor.
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A nymph (νύμφη, nymphē) in Greek mythology and in Latin mythology is a minor female nature deity typically associated with a particular location or landform.
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O Drakos (Ο Δράκος; English: The Ogre of Athens or The Dragon or The fiend of Athens) is a Greek black-and-white film, produced in 1956, directed by Nikos Koundouros.
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The Olympic Indoor Sports Centre (also known simply as the Indoor Hall or the Olympic Sports Hall) which is part of the Olympic Athletic Center of Athens (O.A.C.A.) "Spiros Louis" (in O.A.K.A.), was completed in 1995 and was the largest indoor venue in use for sporting events at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece.
Ode (from ōidē) is a type of lyrical stanza.
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Odysseas Elytis (Οδυσσέας Ελύτης, pen name of Odysseas Alepoudellis, Οδυσσέας Αλεπουδέλλης; 2 November 1911 – 18 March 1996) was regarded as a major exponent of romantic modernism in Greece and the world.
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The Odyssey (Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.
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Ohi Day (also spelled Ochi Day, Επέτειος του «'Οχι» Epeteios tou "'Ohi", Anniversary of the "No") is celebrated throughout Greece, Cyprus and the Greek communities around the world on October 28 each year.
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The olive or, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "european olive", (syn. Olea sylvestrishttp://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-355062) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in much of Africa, the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands, Mauritius and Réunion.
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Olive oil is a fat obtained from the olive (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.
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Olympia (Greek: Ὀλυμπία;; Olympía), a sanctuary of ancient Greece in Elis on the Peloponnese peninsula, is known for having been the site of the Olympic Games in classical times.
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Olympiacos Piraeus B.C. (ΚΑΕ Ολυμπιακός Σ.Φ.Π.), also known simply as Olympiacos, or with its full name Olympiacos SFP Basketball S.A., is a Greek professional basketball club, part of the major multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, based in Piraeus.
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Olympiacos F.C. (ΠΑΕ Ολυμπιακός Σ.Φ.Π.), also known simply as Olympiacos, Olympiacos Piraeus or with its full name as Olympiacos C.F.P. (Oλυμπιακός Σύνδεσμος Φιλάθλων Πειραιώς, transliterated "Olympiakós Sýndesmos Filáthlo̱n Peiraió̱s", Olympiacos Club of Fans of Piraeus), are a Greek professional football club, part of the major multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, based in Piraeus.
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Olympiacos S.C. is the men's volleyball team of the major Greek multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, based in Piraeus.
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Olympiacos Water Polo Club is the men's water polo team of the major Greek multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, based in Piraeus.
Olympiacos Women's Water Polo Club is the women's water polo department of the major Greek multi-sport club Olympiacos, based in Piraeus.
Olympic Air (Ολυμπιακή) is a regional airline, a subsidiary of the Greek airline carrier Aegean Airlines.
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The modern Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques) are the leading international sporting event featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
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The onion (Allium cepa L.) (Latin 'cepa'.
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Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (libretto) and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting.
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Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter.
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Oregano (or;; scientific name Origanum vulgare) is a common species of Origanum, a genus of the mint family (Lamiaceae).
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Orestis Laskos (Ορέστης Λάσκος; 11 November 1907 – 17 October 1992) was a Greek film director, screenwriter and actor.
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Orestis Makris (Ορέστης Μακρής; September 30, 1898 – January 29, 1975) was a Greek actor and tenor.
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Organic farming is a form of agriculture that relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost, and biological pest control.
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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization.
On 25 June 1992, the Heads of State and Government of eleven countries signed in Istanbul the Summit Declaration and the Bosporus Statement giving birth to the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).
The Orlov Revolt (1770) was a precursor to the Greek War of Independence (1821), which saw a Greek uprising in the Peloponnese at the instigation of Count Orlov, commander of the Russian Naval Forces of the Russo-Turkish War.
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Ormenio (Ορμένιο, Черномен, Černomen, Çirmen) is the northernmost place in all of Greece.
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Hellenic Telecommunications Organization S.A. (Οργανισμός Τηλεπικοινωνιών Ελλάδος Α.Ε. Organismos Tilepikinonion Ellados AE), usually known by its Greek initials OTE, is the dominant telecommunications provider in Greece.
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Othonoi (Οθωνοί, Fanò) is an island and a former community of the Ionian Islands, Greece.
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Otto, also spelled Otho (Óthon, Vasiléfs tis Elládos; 1 June 1815 – 26 July 1867), was a Bavarian prince who became the first modern King of Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London.
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The Ottoman Empire (دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti) which is also known as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was an empire founded in 1299 by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia.
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Ottoman Greeks (Greek: Οθωμανοί Έλληνες, Osmanlı Rumları) were ethnic Greeks who lived in the Ottoman Empire (1453–1921), the Republic of Turkey's predecessor.
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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Greece: Greece – sovereign country located on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe.
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Ouzo (ούζο) is an anise-flavoured aperitif that is widely consumed in Greece and Cyprus.
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Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
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Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.
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PAOK B.C. is the professional basketball department of the major Greek multi-sports club P.A.O.K., originally founded in 1926, based in Thessaloniki, Greece.
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In the culture of ancient Greece, the term paideia (παιδεία) referred to the rearing and education of the ideal member of the polis.
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Pakistan (or; پاكستان ALA-LC), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان ALA-LC), is a sovereign country in South Asia.
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The Paleolithic (American spelling; British spelling: Palaeolithic; pronunciation: or) Age, Era or Period is a prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered (Grahame Clark's Modes I and II), and covers roughly 95% of human technological prehistory.
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Palgrave Macmillan is an international academic and trade publishing company.
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The Palme d'Or (Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival.
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Panagiotis Kondylis (Παναγιώτης Κονδύλης; Panajotis Kondylis; 17 August 1943 – 11 July 1998) was a Greek writer, translator and publications manager who principally wrote in German, in addition to translating most of his work into Greek.
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Panathinaikos B.C. (ΚΑΕ Παναθηναϊκός Α.Ο.), also known simply as Panathinaikos, or with its full name Panathinaikos BSA Athens, is the professional basketball team of the major Athens based multi-sport club Panathinaikos A.O..
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Panathinaikos F.C. (ΠΑΕ Παναθηναϊκός Α.Ο.), also known simply as Panathinaikos, or with its full name Panathinaikos A.O. (Παναθηναϊκός Αθλητικός Όμιλος, transliterated "Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos", Panathenaic Athletic Club) are a Greek professional football club based in the City of Athens.
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The Panhellenic Socialist Movement (Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα), known mostly by its acronym PASOK (ΠΑΣΟΚ, pronounced), is a social-democratic political party in Greece.
Panagiotis "Panos" Kammenos (Πάνος Καμμένος,; born May 12, 1965) is a Greek politician and the founder of the right-wing anti-austerity party "Independent Greeks", which formed the governing coalition of the Hellenic Parliament with the Syriza Party after Kammenos met with Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, on January 26, 2015.
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Pantelis Horn (Παντελής Χορν; 1881–1941) was a Greek naval officer and playwright, one of the few Greek writers of the early 20th century who devoted themselves solely to theatre.
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PAOK F.C. (ΠΑΕ ΠΑΟΚ), or with its full name Panthessalonikios Athlitikos Omilos Constantinoupoliton (Πανθεσσαλονίκειος Αθλητικός Όμιλος Κωνσταντινουπολιτών, transliterated Pan-Thessalonian Athletic Club of Constantinopolitans), and commonly known as PAOK (ΠΑΟΚ), is a Greek association football club, a part of A.C. PAOK, based in Thessaloniki, Greece.
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The Papanicolaou test (abbreviated as Pap test, known earlier as Pap smear, cervical smear, or smear test) is a method of cervical screening used to detect potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix (opening of the uterus or womb).
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A parliamentary republic or parliamentary constitutional republic is a type of republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).
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A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.
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A pastoral lifestyle (see pastoralism) is that of shepherds herding livestock around open areas of land according to seasons and the changing availability of water and pasture.
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Patmos (Greek, Πάτμος; Patmo) is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea.
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Patras (Πάτρα,, Classical Greek and Katharevousa: Πάτραι (pl.),, Patrae (pl.)) is Greece's third largest urban area and the regional capital of Western Greece, in northern Peloponnese, west of Athens.
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The Patras Carnival, Patrino karnavali is the largest event of its kind in Greece and one of the biggest in Europe.
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Paul the Apostle (Paulos; c. 5 – c. 67), originally known as Saul of Tarsus (שאול התרסי; Saulos Tarseus), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world.
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Pavlos Carrer (also Paolo Carrer; Παύλος Καρρέρ; 12 May 1829 – 7 June 1896) was a Greek composer.
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The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Πελοπόννησος, Pelopónnēsos; see also list of Greek place names) is a peninsula and geographic region in southern Greece.
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The Peloponnese region (Περιφέρεια Πελοποννήσου), is a region in southern Greece.
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The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta.
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Penelope Delta (1874, Alexandria, Khedivate of Egypt – 2 May 1941, Athens) was a Greek author of teenage literature.
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Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.
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Per capita income or average income is the measure of the amount of money that is being earned by person in a certain area, such as a city, region, or country, which is calculated by dividing the total income of a the area by its total population.
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The Petralona cave (Σπήλαιο Πετραλώνων) is located in Chalkidiki (Greece), 1 km away to the east of the eponymous village, about 35 km S-E of Thessaloniki and on the west side of Mount Katsika.
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Philip II of Macedon (Φίλιππος Β΄ ὁ Μακεδών, Phílippos II ho Makedṓn; 382–336 BC) was the King (Basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from until his assassination in.
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Philosophy is the study of the general and fundamental nature of reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
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Phytogeography (from Greek φυτό, phyto.
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Pindar (Πίνδαρος Pindaros,; Pindarus) (c. 522 – c. 443 BC) was an Ancient Greek lyric poet from Thebes.
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The Pindus (also Pindos or Pindhos) (Πίνδος) mountain range is located in northern Greece and southern Albania.
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The Pindus Mountains mixed forests constitute a terrestrial ecoregion of Europe according to both the WWF and Digital Map of European Ecological Regions by the European Environment Agency.
Piraeus (Πειραιάς Pireás, Πειραιεύς, Peiraieús) is a port city in the region of Attica, Greece.
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The pistachio, (-, پسته; Pistacia vera) a member of the cashew family, is a small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East.
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Plato (Greek: Πλάτων Plátōn "broad" in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher and mathematician in Classical Greece, and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
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A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by the state to enforce the law, protect property, and limit civil disorder.
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Polis (πόλις), plural poleis (πόλεις) literally means city in Greek.
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Political science is a social science discipline that deals with systems of government and the analysis of political activity and political behavior.
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Pomaks (Помаци Pomatsi, Πομάκοι Pomáki, Pomaklar) is an abbreviation used for Bulgarian-speaking Muslims who are indigenous to Bulgaria, Northern Greece, Turkey, Albania, Republic of Macedonia and Kosovo.
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Pontic Greek (ποντιακά) is a Greek language originally spoken in the Pontus area on the southern shores of the Black Sea, northeastern Anatolia, the Eastern Turkish/Caucasus province of Kars, southern Georgia and today mainly in northern Greece.
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The Pontic Greeks, also known as Pontian Greeks (Πόντιοι, Ελληνοπόντιοι, Póntioi, Ellinopóntioi; Pontus Rumları, Karadeniz Rumlari, პონტოელი ბერძნები), are an ethnically Greek group who traditionally lived in the region of Pontus, on the shores of the Black Sea and in the Pontic Alps of northeastern Anatolia.
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The Popular Orthodox Rally or "People's Orthodox Alarm" (Greek: Λαϊκός Ορθόδοξος Συναγερμός, Laikós Orthódoxos Synagermós), often abbreviated to ΛΑ.Ο.Σ (LAOS) as a pun on the Greek word for people, is a Greek radical right-wing populist political party.
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The 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey (Ἡ Ἀνταλλαγή, Mübâdele) stemmed from the "Convention Concerning the Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations" signed at Lausanne, Switzerland, on 30 January 1923, by the governments of Greece and Turkey.
Poseidon (Greek: Ποσειδῶν) is one of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon in Greek mythology.
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During the first administrative division of independent Greece in 1833–1836 and again from 1845 until their abolition with the Kallikratis reform in 2010, the prefectures (νομοί, translit. nomoi; sing.: νομός, translit.) were the country's main administrative unit.
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The President of the Hellenic Republic (Πρόεδρος της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Próedros ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to in English as the President of Greece, is the head of state of Greece.
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The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελλάδας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elládas), is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet.
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Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.
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The Principality of Achaea or of the Morea was one of the three vassal states of the Latin Empire which replaced the Byzantine Empire after the capture of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade.
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The Prize of the Ecumenical Jury (Prix du Jury Œcuménique) is an independent film award for feature films at major international film festivals since 1973.
The Proastiakos (Προαστιακός, 'suburban') is the collective name for Greece's suburban (commuter rail) services, which are run by TrainOSE, the country's only rail operator, on infrastructure owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation (OSE).
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Prokopios Pavlopoulos (Προκόπιος Παυλόπουλος, born 10 July 1950), commonly shortened to Prokopis, is the President of the Hellenic Republic.
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The Protestant Reformation, often referred to simply as the Reformation, was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli and other early Protestant Reformers.
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The Ptolemaic Kingdom (Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, Ptolemaïkḕ Basileía) was a Hellenistic kingdom based in Egypt.
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The Public Power Corporation S.A. (Δημόσια Επιχείρηση Ηλεκτρισμού (Dimosia Epicheirisi Ilektrismou); ΔΕΗ) is the biggest electric power company in Greece.
A pulse (from puls, from Ancient Greek πόλτος: "porridge"), sometimes called a "grain legume", is an annual leguminous crop yielding from one to twelve seeds of variable size, shape, and color within a pod.
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Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.
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Pylos (Πύλος), historically also known under its Italian name Navarino, is a town and a former municipality in Messenia, Peloponnese, Greece.
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Pyrgos (Πύργος, meaning "tower") is the capital of the Elis regional unit in Greece.
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Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies.
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A rain shadow is a dry area on the lee side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).
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Randall Hansen is a political scientist and historian at the University of Toronto, where he has held a Canada Research Chair in Political Science since 2005.
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Rebetiko, plural rebetika (Greek: ρεμπέτικο, and ρεμπέτικα respectively), occasionally transliterated as Rembetiko, is a term used today to designate originally disparate kinds of urban Greek folk music which have come to be grouped together since the so-called rebetika revival, which started in the 1960s and developed further from the early 1970s onwards.
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The 74 regional units (περιφερειακές ενότητες, perifereiakés enóti̱tes, sing.) are administrative units of Greece.
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A republic (from res publica) is a form of government or country in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law.
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The Most Serene Republic of Genoa (Repubblica di Genova, Repúbrica de Zêna) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast, incorporating Corsica from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean.
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Macedonia (Македонија, tr. Makedonija), officially the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian:, tr. Republika Makedonija), is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
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The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia; Repùblica Vèneta), or traditionally known as the Most Serene Republic of Venice, was a state originating from the lagoon communities in the area of Venice, now northeastern Italy.
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Research and Development (R&D), also known in Europe as research and technical (or technological) development (RTD), is a general term for activities in connection with corporate or governmental innovation.
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Retsina (Ρετσίνα) is a Greek white (or rosé) resinated wine, which has been made for at least 2000 years.
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A revue is a type of multi-act popular theatrical entertainment that combines music, dance and sketches.
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Rhetoric (pronounced) is the art of discourse, an art that aims to improve the capability of writers or speakers to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
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Rhodes (Ρόδος, Ródos) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands in terms of land area and also the island group's historical capital.
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Rhodes (Ρόδος, Ródos) is the principal city and a former municipality on the island of Rhodes in the Dodecanese, Greece.
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The Rhodopes (Родопи, Rodopi; Ροδόπη, Rodopi; Rodop) are a mountain range in Southeastern Europe, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece.
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Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
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Rigas Feraios (pron, or Rhegas Pheraeos) or Velestinlis (Βελεστινλής, or Velestinles)); 1757 – June 24, 1798) was a Greek writer, political thinker and revolutionary, active in the Modern Greek Enlightenment, remembered as a Greek national hero, a victim of the Balkan uprising against the Ottoman Empire and a pioneer of the Greek War of Independence.
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Right-wing politics are political positions or activities that view some forms of social stratification or social inequality as either inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable,J.
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Right-wing populism is a political ideology that rejects existing political consensus and often combines laissez-faire liberalism and anti-elitism.
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Rio (Ρίο, Río, formerly Ῥίον, Rhíon; Latin: Rhium) is a town and a former municipality in Achaea, West Greece, Greece.
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The Rio–Antirrio bridge (Γέφυρα Ρίου-Αντιρρίου), officially the Charilaos Trikoupis Bridge after the statesman who first envisaged it, is one of the world's longest multi-span cable-stayed bridges and the longest of the fully suspended type.
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Road traffic control involves directing vehicular and pedestrian traffic around a construction zone, accident or other road disruption, thus ensuring the safety of emergency response teams, construction workers and the general public.
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The European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), also known as the western roe deer, chevreuil, or roe deer, is a Eurasian species of deer.
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The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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Roman Greece is the period of Greek history (of Greece proper; as opposed to the other centers of Hellenism in the Roman world) following the Roman victory over the Corinthians at the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC until the reestablishment of the city of Byzantium and the naming of the city by the Emperor Constantine as the capital of the Roman Empire (as Nova Roma, later Constantinople) in 330 AD.
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Romani (also Romany, Gypsy, or Gipsy; romani ćhib) is any of several languages of the Romani people belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.
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The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group living mostly in Europe and the Americas, who originate from the northwestern regions of the Indian subcontinent.
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RomaniaIn English, Romania was formerly often spelled Rumania or sometimes Roumania.
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Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: română, limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language spoken by around 24 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
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Romantic nationalism (also national romanticism, organic nationalism, identity nationalism) is the form of nationalism in which the state derives its political legitimacy as an organic consequence of the unity of those it governs.
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The Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian orthography: Россійская Имперія, Modern Russian: Российская империя, translit: Rossiyskaya Imperiya) was a state that existed from 1721 until overthrown by the short-lived liberal February Revolution in 1917.
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The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and composed of several Balkan countries.
Anastasios "Sakis" Rouvas (Greek: Αναστάσιος "Σάκης" Ρουβάς,; born 5 January 1972), known mononymously as Sakis, is a Greek recording, film and television artist; model; businessman and former pole vaulter.
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Samos (Σάμος) is a Greek island in the eastern Aegean Sea, south of Chios, north of Patmos and the Dodecanese, and off the coast of Asia Minor, from which it is separated by the -wide Mycale Strait.
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Samothrace (also Samothraki) (Σαμοθράκη) is a Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea.
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Santorini (Σαντορίνη, pronounced), classically Thera (English pronunciation), and officially Thira (Greek: Θήρα), is an island in the southern Aegean Sea, about southeast of Greece's mainland.
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Sappho (Attic Greek Σαπφώ, Aeolic Greek Ψάπφω, Psappho) was a Greek lyric poet, born on the island of Lesbos.
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The Sarakatsani (Σαρακατσάνοι) are an ethnic Greek population group, who were traditionally transhumant shepherds, native to Greece, with smaller presence in neighbouring Bulgaria, southern Albania and the Republic of Macedonia.
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The Saronic Islands or Argo-Saronic Islands is an archipelago in Greece, named after the Saronic Gulf in which they are located, just off the Greek mainland.
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Satyr plays were an ancient Greek form of tragicomedy, similar in spirit to the bawdy satire of burlesque.
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The Save the Children Fund, commonly known as Save the Children, is an international non-governmental organization that promotes children's rights, provides relief and helps support children in developing countries.
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Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC), also known as Scipio the African, Scipio Africanus-Major, Scipio Africanus the Elder, and Scipio the Great, is renowned as one of the greatest generals, not only of ancient Rome, but of all time.
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Map of the Sea of Crete The Sea of Crete (Kritiko Pelagos) is the sea south of the Aegean Sea, north of the island Crete, and south of the Cyclades.
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The Second Hellenic Republic (Β΄ Ελληνική Δημοκρατία) is the historiographical term for the political regime of Greece between 1924 and 1935.
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The second Persian invasion of Greece (480–479 BC) occurred during the Greco-Persian Wars, as King Xerxes I of Persia sought to conquer all of Greece.
The secondary sector of the economy includes those economic sectors that produce a finished, usable product: production and construction.
Seleucia, also known as or, was a major Mesopotamian city of the Seleucid, Parthian, Roman, and Sassanid empires.
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The Seleucid Empire or Seleucia was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty, 312 BC to 63 BC; it was founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the empire created by Alexander the Great.
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A senatorial province (provincia populi Romani, province of the Roman people) was a Roman province during the Principate where the Roman Senate had the right to appoint the governor (proconsul).
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Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known as Seneca the Younger or simply Seneca; c. 4 BC – AD 65) was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature.
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The separation of powers, often imprecisely used interchangeably with the trias politica principle, is a model for the governance of a state (or who controls the state).
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Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or simply Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּי, Modern Hebrew: Sfaraddi, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddî, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), are a Jewish ethnic division whose ethnogenesis and emergence as a distinct community of Jews coalesced in the Iberian Peninsula around the start of the 2nd millennium (i.e., about the year 1000).
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The Serbs (Срби/Srbi) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group native to the Balkans.
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In music, a serenade (or sometimes serenata, from the Italian word) is a musical composition, and/or performance, in someone's honor.
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Serfdom is the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism.
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Serpico is a 1973 American crime drama film directed by Sidney Lumet and starring Al Pacino.
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The Siege of Corfu in 1537 was led by the Ottoman Emperor Suleiman the Magnificent, against the Republic of Venice-held island of Corfu.
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Siemens AG is a German multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich.
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Skepticism or scepticism (see spelling differences) is generally any questioning attitude towards unempirical knowledge or opinions/beliefs stated as facts, or doubt regarding claims that are taken for granted elsewhere.
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Skordalia or skordhalia/skorthalia (σκορδαλιά; in Greek also called αλιάδα 'aliada/aliatha) is a thick puree (or sauce, dip, spread, etc.) in Greek cuisine made by combining crushed garlic with a bulky base—which may be a purée of potatoes, walnuts, almonds, or liquid-soaked stale bread—and then beating in olive oil to make a smooth emulsion.
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Slate is an English-language online current affairs and culture magazine in the United States created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley, initially under the ownership of Microsoft as part of MSN.
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The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, much of the Balkans, parts of Central Europe, and the northern part of Asia.
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Mount Smolikas (Σμόλικας, Aromanian: Smolcu) is a mountain in the Ioannina regional unit, northwestern Greece.
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Socrates (Σωκράτης, Sōkrátēs; 470/469 – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy.
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Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP).
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Sophism is a method of teaching.
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Sophocles (Σοφοκλῆς, Sophoklēs,; 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC)Sommerstein (2002), p. 41.
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Soup is a primarily liquid food, generally served warm (but may be cool or cold), that is made by combining ingredients such as meat and vegetables with stock, juice, water, or another liquid.
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The South Aegean (Περιφέρεια Νοτίου Αιγαίου) is one of the thirteen regions of Greece.
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The South Slavs are a subgroup of Slavic peoples who speak the South Slavic languages.
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Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe is a geographical and political region of Europe, consisting primarily of the Balkan peninsula.
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Southern Albania is one of the three NUTS-2 Regions of Albania.
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Most definitions of Southern Europe include the countries of the Iberian peninsula (Spain and Portugal), the Italian peninsula, France (only Southern France) and Greece.
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Souvlaki (Greek: σουβλάκι), plural souvlakia, is a popular Greek fast food of Arab origins consisting of small pieces of meat and sometimes vegetables grilled on a skewer.
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A sovereign default is the failure or refusal of the government of a sovereign state to pay back its debt in full.
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The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
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Spanakopita (Modern Greek: σπανακόπιτα, from σπανάκι, spanáki, spinach, and πίτα, píta, pie) or spinach pie is a Greek savory pastry.
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Sparta (Doric Greek: Σπάρτα, Spártā; Attic Greek: Σπάρτη, Spártē) or Lacedaemon (Λακεδαίμων, Lakedaímōn) was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, situated on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese.
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The Speaker, properly the President of the Hellenic Parliament (Πρόεδρος της Βουλής των Ελλήνων).
The (Northern) Sporades (Βόρειες Σποράδες) are an archipelago along the east coast of Greece, northeast of the island of Euboea,"Skyros - Britannica Concise" (description), Britannica Concise, 2006, webpage: notes "including Skiathos, Skopelos, Skyros, and Alonnisos." in the Aegean Sea.
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Spyridon-Filiskos Samaras (also Spyros, Spiro Samara; Σπυρίδων Σαμάρας) (29 November 1861 – 7 April 1917) was a Greek composer particularly admired for his operas who was part of the generation of composers that heralded the works of Giacomo Puccini.
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Spyridon Xyndas or Spiridione Xinda (Σπυρίδων Ξύνδας; June 8, 1812 – November 25, 1896) was a Greek composer and guitarist, whose last name has also been transliterated as "Xinta", "Xinda", "Xindas" and "Xyntas".
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Stagira (fem. Stagiros Στάγιρος or Stageiros Στάγειρος) is a Greek village lying on a picturesque plateau on the Chalcidice peninsula, and standing at the foot of the Argirolofos hill.
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Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake.
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Stavros Spyros Niarchos (Σταύρος Σπύρος Νιάρχος,; 3 July 1909 – 16 April 1996) was a multi-billionaire Greek shipping tycoon.
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Stylianos "Stelios" Kazantzidis (Greek: Στέλιος Καζαντζίδης) (29 August 1931 – 14 September 2001) was a prominent Greek singer.
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Stella (Στέλλα) is a 1955 Greek film is a retelling of Carmen featuring Melina Mercouri.
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Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium in the early 3rd century BC.
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Strongyli Megistis (Στρογγυλή Μεγίστης), also called plainly Strongyli or Ypsili, is a Greek islet which lies in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, about five nautical miles south-east of the island of Kastellorizo.
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The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad (French: Jeux olympiques d'été), first held in 1896, are an international multi-sport event, occurring every four years, organized by the International Olympic Committee.
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The Superleague Greece (Ελληνική Σούπερ Λιγκ) is the highest professional football league in Greece.
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The Coalition of the Radical Left (Συνασπισμός Ριζοσπαστικής Αριστεράς, Synaspismós Rizospastikís Aristerás), mostly known by the syllabic abbreviation Syriza (a Greek adverb meaning "from the roots" or "radically", and sometimes styled SY.RIZ.A.; ΣΥΡΙΖΑ), is a left-wing political party in Greece, originally founded in 2004 as a coalition of left-wing and radical left parties.
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As of 2015, there are a total of 1,031, UNESCO World Heritage Sites official sites.
A tanker (or tank ship or tankship) is a merchant vessel designed to transport liquids or gases in bulk.
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Technical school is a general term used for a two-year college that provides mostly employment-preparation skills for trained labor, such as welding, culinary arts and office management.
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This is a list of dialing codes in Greece.
In geography, temperate or tepid latitudes of Earth lie between the tropics and the polar regions.
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The tertiary sector of the economy (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three economic sectors, the others being the secondary sector (approximately the same as manufacturing) and the primary sector (agriculture, fishing, and extraction such as mining).
Thasos or Thassos (Θάσος) is a Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea, close to the coast of Thrace and the plain of the river Nestos but geographically part of Macedonia.
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The Auntie from Chicago (Η θεία από το Σικάγο; also known Aunt from Chicago) is a 1957 Greek theatrical comedy film directed by Alekos Sakellarios and produced by Finos Films.
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Κάλπικη λίρα (Istoria mias kalpikis liras) (English: The Counterfeit Coin) is a Greek comedy-drama film, produced in 1955, written and directed by Giorgos Tzavellas and starring Dimitris Horn, Ilia Livykou and Vassilis Logothetidis.
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The Daily Telegraph is a British daily morning English-language broadsheet newspaper, published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed throughout the United Kingdom and internationally.
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The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.
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The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁλόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), also known as the Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah, "the catastrophe"), was a genocide in which approximately six million Jews were killed by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime and its collaborators.
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The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
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The World Factbook (ISSN; also known as the CIA World Factbook) is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
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The Theatre of Ancient Greece or Ancient Greek drama, is a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece 700 BC.
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Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai,;. Θήβα, Thíva) is a city in Boeotia, central Greece.
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Theodoros "Theo" Angelopoulos (27 April 1935 – 24 January 2012) was a Greek filmmaker, screenwriter and film producer.
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Theodoros Kolokotronis (Θεόδωρος Κολοκοτρώνης; 3 April 1770 – 4 February 1843) was a Greek general and the pre-eminent leader of the Greek War of Independence (1821–1829) against the Ottoman Empire.
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Theodosius I (Flavius Theodosius Augustus; 11 January 347 – 17 January 395), also known as Theodosius the Great, was Roman Emperor from 379 to 395. Theodosius was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. On accepting his elevation, he campaigned against Goths and other barbarians who had invaded the Empire; he failed to kill, expel, or entirely subjugate them, and after the Gothic War they established a homeland south of the Danube, in Illyricum, within the empire's borders. He fought two destructive civil wars, in which he defeated the usurpers Magnus Maximus and Eugenius at great cost to the power of the Empire. He also issued decrees that effectively made orthodox Nicene Christianity the official state church of the Roman Empire."Edict of Thessolonica": See Codex Theodosianus XVI.1.2 He neither prevented nor punished the destruction of prominent Hellenistic temples of classical antiquity, including the Temple of Apollo in Delphi and the Serapeum in Alexandria. He dissolved the order of the Vestal Virgins in Rome. In 393, he banned the pagan rituals of the Olympics in Ancient Greece. It was not until the end of the 19th century, in 1896, that Olympics were held again. After his death, Theodosius' young sons Arcadius and Honorius inherited the East and West halves respectively, and the Roman Empire was never again re-united.
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Theophilos Kairis (or Kaires; 19 October 1784 – 13 January 1853, Greek: Θεόφιλος Καΐρης; baptismal name Θωμᾶς, Thomas) was a Greek priest, philosopher and revolutionary.
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Theophrastos Sakellaridis (Θεόφραστος Σακελλαρίδης) (7 September 1883 02 January 1950), was a Greek composer, conductor, and basic creator of Greek operetta.
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Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη), also known as Thessalonica, Salonika or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
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The Thessaloniki International Film Festival (TIFF; Διεθνές Φεστιβάλ Κινηματογράφου Θεσσαλονίκης, Diethnes Festival Kinimatografou Thessalonikis) has become one of the Balkans' primary showcases for the work of new and emerging filmmakers.
The Thessaloniki Metropolitan Railway (Μητροπολιτικός Σιδηρόδρομος Θεσσαλονίκης Metropolitikós Sideródromos Thessaloníkes), or Thessaloniki Metro (Μετρό Θεσσαλονίκης Metró Thessaloníkis), is an underground rapid transit system that is under construction in Thessaloniki, Greece.
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Thessaly (Θεσσαλία, Thessalía; ancient Thessalian: Πετθαλία, Petthalía) is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region of Greece, comprising most of the ancient region of the same name.
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Thrace (demonym Thracian; Θρᾴκη, Thrāikē; modern Θράκη, Thráki; Тракия, Trakija; Trakya; in Antiquity also referred to as Europe prior to extending the meaning for the whole continent) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe, centered on the modern borders of Bulgaria, Greece, and Turkey.
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Thucydides (Θουκυδίδης, Thoukudídēs,; c. 460 – c. 400 BC) was an Athenian historian, political philosopher and general.
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Thyme is an evergreen herb with culinary, medicinal and ornamental uses.
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This article is about the Greek island; for the font family, see Croscore fonts.
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Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
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The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red berry-type fruit of the nightshade Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.
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Tourism in Greece has been a key element of the economic activity in the country, and is one of the country's most important sectors.
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Tragedy (from the τραγῳδία, tragōidia) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes in its audience an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in the viewing.
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Transcaucasia (Закавказье) or the South Caucasus is a geopolitical region located on the border of Eastern Europe and Southwest Asia.
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Travel + Leisure is a travel magazine based in New York City, New York.
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The Treaty of Berlin was the final act of the Congress of Berlin (13 June – 13 July 1878), by which the United Kingdom, Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the Ottoman Empire under Sultan Abdul Hamid II revised the Treaty of San Stefano signed on 3 March the same year.
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The Treaty of Lausanne was a peace treaty signed in Lausanne, Switzerland, on 24 July 1923.
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The Triple Crown is a term in European professional club basketball that refers to a club winning their country's top tier national domestic league, primary national domestic cup, and the top tier European continental level competition (Euroleague) in the same season.
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The Triple Entente (from French entente "friendship, understanding, agreement") was the alliance linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente on 31 August 1907.
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Tripoli (Τρίπολη, Trípoli, formerly Τρίπολις, Trípolis; earlier Τριπολιτσά Tripolitsa) is a city in the central part of the Peloponnese, in Greece.
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Tsakonian or Tsaconian (τσακώνικα; also Tzakonian or Tsakonic) is a highly divergent modern variety of Greek, spoken in the Tsakonian region of the Peloponnese, Greece.
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Tsalka (წალკა, Ծալկա, Barmaqsız, Τσάλκα, Цалка), is a town in southern Georgia's Kvemo Kartli region.
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The ACM A.M. Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) to "an individual selected for contributions of a technical nature made to the computing community".
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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.
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The Turkish invasion of Cyprus launched on 20 July 1974, was a Turkish military invasion of the island country of Cyprus, which was carried out following the 1974 Cypriot coup d'état.
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeastern Europe and 55–60 million native speakers in Western Asia.
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Turkish people (Türk milleti), or Turks (Türkler), are a Turkic ethnic group.
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In the ancient Greek religion and Greek mythology, the Twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek pantheon, commonly considered to be Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Hephaestus, Hermes and either Hestia, or Dionysus.
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Tzatziki (Anglicised:; τζατζίκι or; from Turkish cacık) is a Greek sauce served with grilled meats or as a dip.
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The 2004 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2004 or Euro 2004, was the 12th edition of the UEFA European Championship, a quadrennial football competition contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of UEFA.
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The UEFA European Championship, or simply, The Euros, is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), determining the continental champion of Europe.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
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The Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) is a multilateral partnership of 43 countries from Europe and the Mediterranean Basin: the 28 member states of the European Union and 15 Mediterranean partner countries from North Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Europe.
A unitary state is a state governed as one single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central government chooses to delegate.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established on 1 January 1801 under the terms of the Acts of Union 1800, by which the nominally separate kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were united.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.
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The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (French Conférence des Nations unies sur le Commerce et le Développement (CNUCED)) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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The United States Department of State (DoS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department responsible for international relations of the United States, equivalent to the foreign ministry of other countries.
The USA Basketball Men's Senior National Team, commonly known as the United States men's national basketball team, represents the United States of America in international men's basketball.
Universal health care, sometimes referred to as universal health coverage, universal coverage, or universal care, usually refers to a health care system which provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country.
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The Imperial University of Constantinople, sometimes known as the University of the Palace Hall of Magnaura (Πανδιδακτήριον της Μαγναύρας), was founded in 425 AD in the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) under the name of Pandidakterion (Πανδιδακτήριον) by the emperor Theodosius II.
Urums, singular Urum (Greek: Ουρούμ Urúm, Turkish and Crimean Tatar: Urum) is a broad historical term that was used by some Turkic-speaking peoples (Turks, Crimean Tatars) to define Greeks who lived in Muslim states, particularly in the Ottoman Empire and Crimea.
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The Vallahades (Βαλαχάδες) or Valaades (Βαλαάδες) were a Greek-speaking, Muslim population who lived along the River Haliacmon in southwest Greek Macedonia, in and around Anaselitsa (modern Neapoli) and Grevena.
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Evangelos Odysseas Papathanassiou (Ευάγγελος Οδυσσέας Παπαθανασίου; born 29 March 1943), known professionally as Vangelis (Βαγγέλης; English pronunciation), is a Greek composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, pop rock, and orchestral music.
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Vergina (Βεργίνα) is a small town in northern Greece, located in the regional unit of Imathia, Central Macedonia.
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Veria (Βέροια or Βέρροια), officially transliterated Veroia, historically also spelled Berea, is a city in northern Greece, located north-northwest of the capital Athens and west-southwest of Thessalonica.
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Vienna (Wien) is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria.
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The Vikos Gorge (Φαράγγι του Βίκου) is a gorge in the Pindus Mountains of northern Greece.
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The Vikos–Aoös National Park (Εθνικός Δρυμός Βίκου–Αώου Ethnikós Drymós Víkou–Aóou) is a national park in the region of Epirus in northwestern Greece.
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Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.
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Vitsentzos or Vikentios Kornaros (Βιτσέντζος or Βικέντιος Κορνάρος) or Vincenzo Cornaro (March 29, 1553 – 1613/1614) was a Cretan poet, who wrote the romantic epic poem Erotokritos.
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The Vlachs are several modern Latin peoples descending from the Romanized population in the present-day territory of Romania and Moldova, as well as the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula and south and west of the Danube River.
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A vocational school, also called a trade school, is a higher-level learning institution that specializes in providing students with the vocational education and technical skills they need in order to perform the tasks of a particular job.
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Volleyball at the Summer Olympics has been contested as an indoor sport ever since volleyball was introduced at the 1964 Summer Olympics.
Volos (Βόλος) is a coastal port city in Thessaly situated midway on the Greek mainland, about north of Athens and south of Thessaloniki.
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The Wars of the Diadochi or Wars of Alexander's Successors, (Greek: Πόλεμος των Διαδόχων, Polemos ton Diadochon) were a series of conflicts fought between Alexander the Great's generals over the rule of his vast empire, after his death.
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Water polo is a team water sport.
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Water polo at the 2004 Summer Olympics took place at the Olympic Aquatic Centre where women competed for only the second time in the event at the Summer Olympics.
Water supply and sanitation in Greece is characterized by diversity.
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus, family Cucurbitaceae) is a vine-like (scrambler and trailer) flowering plant originally from southern Africa.
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Wealth is the abundance of valuable resources or valuable material possessions.
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West European Politics is a peer-reviewed academic journal of comparative politics focusing on Western Europe.
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Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Western lifestyle, or European civilization, is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe, having both indigenous and foreign origin.
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Western Greece Region (Περιφέρεια Δυτικής Ελλάδας) is one of the thirteen regions of Greece.
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Western literature, also known as European literature, is the literature written in the context of Western culture in the languages of Europe, including the ones belonging to the Indo-European language family as well as several geographically or historically related languages such as Basque and Hungarian.
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Western Macedonia is one of the thirteen regions of Greece, consisting of the western part of Greek Macedonia.
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Western philosophy is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.
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Western Thrace (Θράκη, Thráki,; Batı Trakya; Западна Тракия, Zapadna Trakiya or Беломорска Тракия, Belomorska Trakiya) is a geographic and historical region of Greece, located between the Nestos and Evros rivers in the northeast of the country.
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The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, West"; as contrasted with the Orient), is a term referring to different nations depending on the context.
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Westport is a coastal town of colonial origin located along Long Island Sound in Fairfield County, Connecticut, northeast of New York City in the United States.
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Wi-Fi (or WiFi) is a local area wireless computer networking technology that allows electronic devices to network, mainly using the UHF and SHF ISM radio bands.
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Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
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The Women's LEN Trophy is LEN's second-tier competition for women's water polo clubs.
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Women's suffrage(also known as woman suffrage or woman's right to vote) is the right of women to vote and to stand for electoral office.
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The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.
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A high-income economy is defined by the World Bank as a country with a gross national income per capita above US$12,735 in 2014, calculated using the Atlas method.
The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a survey conducted and published by the International Monetary Fund.
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The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.
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The World Health Report (WHR) is a series of reports produced regularly by the World Health Organization (WHO).
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The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization which regulates international trade.
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The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded on April 29, 1961, working in the field of the biodiversity conservation, and the reduction of humanity's footprint on the environment.
Yiannis Chryssomallis (Γιάννης Χρυσομάλλης, Giánnis Chrysomállis; born November 14, 1954), known professionally as Yanni, is a Greek-American composer, keyboardist, pianist, and music producer who has spent his adult life in the United States.
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Yiannis Ritsos (Γιάννης Ρίτσος; 1 May 1909 – 11 November 1990) was a Greek poet and left-wing activist and an active member of the Greek Resistance during World War II.
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Zakynthos (Ζάκυνθος) or Zante (from Venetian) is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea.
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Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeús,; Modern Δίας, Días) was the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who ruled as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.
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Zoe Konstantopoulou (Ζωή Κωνσταντοπούλου; born December 1976 in Athens) is a Greek lawyer and politician of the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA).
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Zorba the Greek (Βίος και Πολιτεία του Αλέξη Ζορμπά Vios ke Politia tou Alexi Zorba, Life and Times of Alexis Zorbas) is a novel written by the Cretan author Nikos Kazantzakis, first published in 1946.
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.eu is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the European Union (EU).
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.gr is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Greece.
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1,000,000,000 (one billion, short scale; one thousand million or milliard, yard, long scale) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.
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The 1896 Summer Olympics (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 1896), officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was a multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 6 to 15 April 1896.
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The 1896 Summer Olympics medal count is a list of National Olympic Committees ranked by the number of medals won during the 1896 Summer Olympics—the first Olympic Games of the Modern era—held in Athens, Greece, from 6 to 15 April 1896.
The 51st Cannes Film Festival was held on May 13-24, 1998.
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The meridian 19° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
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The 2004 Summer Olympic Games (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 2004), officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and commonly known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries.
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The 2005 FINA Women's Water Polo World League was the second edition of the annual event, organised by the world's governing body in aquatics, the FINA.
The 2005 World Aquatics Championships or the XI FINA World Championships were held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from July 16 to July 31, 2005.
The 2006 FIBA World Championship was an international basketball competition hosted by Japan from August 19 to September 3, 2006.
The 2010 Women's European Water Polo Championship was the 13th edition of the bi-annual event, organised by the Europe's governing body in aquatics, the Ligue Européenne de Natation.
The 2012 Women's European Water Polo Championship took place at the Pieter van den Hoogenband Swim Stadium in Eindhoven, the Netherlands, from January 18 to 28, 2012.
The meridian 30° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Turkey, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
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The 35th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 35 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
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3G, short form of third generation, is the third generation of mobile telecommunications technology.
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The 42nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 42 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
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4G, short for fourth generation, is the fourth generation of mobile telecommunications technology, succeeding 3G and preceding 5G.
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The 4th of August Regime (Καθεστώς της 4ης Αυγούστου, Kathestós tis tetártis Avgoústou), commonly also known as the Metaxas Regime (Καθεστώς Μεταξά, Kathestós Metaxá), was an authoritarian regime under the leadership of General Ioannis Metaxas that ruled Greece from 1936 to 1941.
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Eladha, Ellada, Elliniki Dimokratia, Elliniki Dimokratía, Elláda, Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía, Eládha, Elás, Graecia, Grcija, Grcka, Grecce, Grece, Greek Republic, Greek law (Hellenic Republic), Griechenland, Griekenland, Grèce, Hellada, Hellas, Hellenic Republic, Hellenic republic, Hellás, History of North Greece, ISO 3166-1:GR, Macedonian Greece, Picki u dusa, Political history of Greece, Republic of Greece, Republique hellenique, République hellénique, Social issues in Greece, Temporary Government of National Defence, The Hellenic Republic, Yananistan, Yunanistan, Ελλάδα, Ελλάς, Ελλας, Ελληνική Δημοκρατία.