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Index Groundwater

Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations. [1]

131 relations: Adsorption, Agriculture, Andhra Pradesh, Aquifer, Artesian aquifer, Assam, Australia, Baseflow, Bedrock, Bihar, Brownfield land, California, Canada, Central Pollution Control Board, Chandigarh, City, Columbia Water Center, Constitution Act, 1867, Constitution of India, Council of Australian Governments, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Desert, Diffusion, Drought, Earth, Ecotone, Enschede, Estuary, Europa (moon), Evaporation, Evapotranspiration, Fault (geology), Fertilizer, Filling station, First Nations, Fracture, Fresh water, Fundamental rights in India, Geothermal gradient, Goa, Great Artesian Basin, Great Dividing Range, Great Lakes, Groundwater banking, Groundwater flow, Groundwater model, Groundwater pollution, Groundwater recharge, Groundwater-dependent ecosystems, Groundwater-related subsidence, ..., Heat capacity, Heat pump, Himachal Pradesh, Hydraulics, Hydrogeology, Hydrological transport model, Hydrology, Hyporheic zone, India, Industry, Irrigation, Jammu and Kashmir, Jupiter, Jurisdiction, Karnataka, Karst, Kerala, Lake, Lakshadweep, Land degradation, Landfill, Legal liability, Lubrication, Maharashtra, Mars, Mineral, Netherlands, New Orleans, Oasis, Permafrost, Petroleum geology, Phase I environmental site assessment, Phreatic zone, Plume (fluid dynamics), Pollutant, Population, Pore space in soil, Precipitation, Precipitation (chemistry), Puducherry, Punjab, India, Radioactive decay, Real estate contract, Real estate transaction, Riparian water rights, Riparian zone, River, Rural area, Salt, Saltwater intrusion, San Fernando Valley, San Joaquin Valley, Sanitation, Santa Susana Field Laboratory, Saudi Arabia, Seawater, Seep (hydrology), Septic tank, Sewage sludge, Sodium chloride, Soil, Soil salinity, Spring (hydrology), Stratum, Stream, Subsidence, Surface water, Telangana, Texas, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Geological Survey, Valley, Wastewater, Water, Water pollution, Water privatization, Water table, Water well, Waterlogging (agriculture), West Bengal, Wetland. Expand index (81 more) »


Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.

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Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.

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An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).

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Artesian aquifer

An artesian aquifer is a confined aquifer containing groundwater under positive pressure.

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Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Baseflow is the portion of the streamflow that is sustained between precipitation events, fed to streams by delayed pathways.

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In geology, bedrock is the lithified rock that lies under a loose softer material called regolith at the surface of the Earth or other terrestrial planets.

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Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.

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Brownfield land

Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.

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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Central Pollution Control Board

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoE,FCC).

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Chandigarh is a city and a union territory in India that serves as the capital of the two neighbouring states of Haryana and Punjab.

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A city is a large human settlement.

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Columbia Water Center

The Columbia Water Center (CWC) was established in January 2008 as a branch of the Earth Institute at Columbia University.

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Constitution Act, 1867

The Constitution Act, 1867, 30 & 31 Victoria, c. 3 (U.K.), R.S.C. 1985, App.

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Constitution of India

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.

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Council of Australian Governments

The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) is an organisation consisting of the federal government, the governments of the six states and two mainland territories and the Australian Local Government Association.

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Dadra and Nagar Haveli

Dadra and Nagar Haveli (DNH in initials) is a union territory in Western India.

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A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.

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Diffusion is the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration (or high chemical potential) to a region of low concentration (or low chemical potential) as a result of random motion of the molecules or atoms.

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A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.

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Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.

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An ecotone is a transition area between two biomes.

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Enschede, also known as Eanske in the local dialect of Twents, is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Overijssel and in the Twente region.

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An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.

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Europa (moon)

Europa or as Ευρώπη (Jupiter II) is the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter, and the sixth-closest to the planet.

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Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.

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Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land and ocean surface to the atmosphere.

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Fault (geology)

In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock-mass movement.

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A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.

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Filling station

A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles.

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First Nations

In Canada, the First Nations (Premières Nations) are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle.

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A fracture is the separation of an object or material into two or more pieces under the action of stress.

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Fresh water

Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.

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Fundamental rights in India

Fundamental Rights are the basic rights of the common people and inalienable rights of the people who enjoy it under the charter of rights contained in Part III(Article 12 to 35) of Constitution of India.

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Geothermal gradient

Geothermal gradient is the rate of increasing temperature with respect to increasing depth in the Earth's interior.

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Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.

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Great Artesian Basin

The Great Artesian Basin (GAB), located in Australia, is the largest and deepest artesian basin in the world, stretching over, with measured temperatures ranging from.

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Great Dividing Range

The Great Dividing Range, or the Eastern Highlands, is Australia's most substantial mountain range and the third longest land-based range in the world.

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Great Lakes

The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.

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Groundwater banking

Groundwater banking is a water management mechanism designed to increase water supply reliability.

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Groundwater flow

In hydrogeology, groundwater flow is defined as the "...part of streamflow that has infiltrated the ground, has entered the phreatic zone, and has been discharged into a stream channel, or springs and seepage water." It is governed by the groundwater flow equation.

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Groundwater model

Groundwater models are computer models of groundwater flow systems, and are used by hydrogeologists.

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Groundwater pollution

Groundwater pollution (also called groundwater contamination) occurs when pollutants are released to the ground and make their way down into groundwater.

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Groundwater recharge

Groundwater recharge or deep drainage or deep percolation is a hydrologic process where water moves downward from surface water to groundwater.

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Groundwater-dependent ecosystems

Groundwater-Dependent Ecosystems (or GDEs) are ecosystems that rely upon groundwater for their continued existence.

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Groundwater-related subsidence

Groundwater-related subsidence is the subsidence (or the sinking) of land resulting from groundwater extraction.

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Heat capacity

Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.

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Heat pump

A heat pump is a device that transfers heat energy from a source of heat to what is called a "heat sink".

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Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh (literally "snow-laden province") is a Indian state located in North India.

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Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.

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Hydrogeology (hydro- meaning water, and -geology meaning the study of the Earth) is the area of geology that deals with the distribution and movement of groundwater in the soil and rocks of the Earth's crust (commonly in aquifers).

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Hydrological transport model

An hydrological transport model is a mathematical model used to simulate river or stream flow and calculate water quality parameters.

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Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.

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Hyporheic zone

The hyporheic zone is a region beneath and alongside a stream bed, where there is mixing of shallow groundwater and surface water.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.

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Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.

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Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir (ænd) is a state in northern India, often denoted by its acronym, J&K.

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Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.

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Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.

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Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.

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Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum.

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Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.

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A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake.

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Lakshadweep (Lakshadīb), formerly known as the Laccadive, Minicoy, and Aminidivi Islands, is a group of islands in the Laccadive Sea, off the southwestern coast of India.

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Land degradation

Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land.

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A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.

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Legal liability

In law, liable means "esponsible or answerable in law; legally obligated." Legal liability concerns both civil law and criminal law and can arise from various areas of law, such as contracts, torts, taxes, or fines given by government agencies.

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Lubrication is the process or technique of using a lubricant to reduce friction and/or wear in a contact between two surfaces.

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Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.

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Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

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A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Orleans

New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.

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In geography, an oasis (plural: oases) is an isolated area in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source, such as a pond or small lake.

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In geology, permafrost is ground, including rock or (cryotic) soil, at or below the freezing point of water for two or more years.

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Petroleum geology

Petroleum geology is the study of origin, occurrence, movement, accumulation, and exploration of hydrocarbon fuels.

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Phase I environmental site assessment

In the United States, an environmental site assessment is a report prepared for a real estate holding that identifies potential or existing environmental contamination liabilities.

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Phreatic zone

The phreatic zone, or zone of saturation, is the area in an aquifer, below the water table, in which relatively all pores and fractures are saturated with water.

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Plume (fluid dynamics)

In hydrodynamics, a plume is a column of one fluid moving through another.

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A pollutant is a substance or energy introduced into the environment that has undesired effects, or adversely affects the usefulness of a resource.

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In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.

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Pore space in soil

The pore space of soil contains the liquid and gas phases of soil, i.e., everything but the solid phase that contains mainly minerals of varying sizes as well as organic compounds.

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In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

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Precipitation (chemistry)

Precipitation is the creation of a solid from a solution.

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Puducherry (literally New Town in Tamil), formerly known as Pondicherry, is a union territory of India.

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Punjab, India

Punjab is a state in northern India.

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Radioactive decay

Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.

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Real estate contract

A real estate contract is a contract between parties for the purchase and sale, exchange, or other conveyance of real estate.

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Real estate transaction

A real estate transaction is the process whereby rights in a unit of property (or designated real estate) is transferred between two or more parties, e.g. in case of conveyance one party being the seller(s) and the other being the buyer(s).

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Riparian water rights

Riparian water rights (or simply riparian rights) is a system for allocating water among those who possess land along its path.

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Riparian zone

A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream.

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A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.

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Rural area

In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.

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Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

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Saltwater intrusion

Saltwater intrusion is the movement of saline water into freshwater aquifers, which can lead to contamination of drinking water sources and other consequences.

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San Fernando Valley

The San Fernando Valley is an urbanized valley in Los Angeles County, California, defined by the mountains of the Transverse Ranges circling it.

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San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley is the area of the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California that lies south of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta and is drained by the San Joaquin River.

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Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.

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Santa Susana Field Laboratory

The Santa Susana Field Laboratory is a complex of industrial research and development facilities located on a portion of the Southern California Simi Hills in Simi Valley, California.

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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.

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Seep (hydrology)

A seep is a moist or wet place where water, usually groundwater, reaches the earth's surface from an underground aquifer.

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Septic tank

A septic tank is a chamber made of concrete, fiberglass, PVC or plastic, through which domestic wastewater (sewage) flows for primary treatment.

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Sewage sludge

Sewage sludge refers to the residual, semi-solid material that is produced as a by-product during sewage treatment of industrial or municipal wastewater.

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Sodium chloride

Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.

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Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

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Soil salinity

Soil salinity is the salt content in the soil; the process of increasing the salt content is known as salinization.

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Spring (hydrology)

A spring is any natural situation where water flows from an aquifer to the Earth's surface.

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In geology and related fields, a stratum (plural: strata) is a layer of sedimentary rock or soil, or igneous rock that were formed at the Earth's surface, with internally consistent characteristics that distinguish it from other layers.

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A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel.

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Subsidence is the motion of a surface (usually, the earth's surface) as it shifts downward relative to a datum such as sea level.

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Surface water

Surface water is water on the surface of the planet such as in a river, lake, wetland, or ocean.

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Telangana is a state in the south of India.

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Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.

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United States Environmental Protection Agency

The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.

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United States Geological Survey

The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.

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A valley is a low area between hills or mountains often with a river running through it.

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Wastewater (or waste water) is any water that has been affected by human use.

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Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

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Water pollution

Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities.

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Water privatization

Water privatization is used here as a shorthand for private sector participation in the provision of water services and sanitation.

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Water table

The water table is the upper surface of the zone of saturation.

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Water well

A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring, or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.

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Waterlogging (agriculture)

Waterlogging refers to the saturation of soil with water.

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West Bengal

West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.

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A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.

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Redirects here:

Confined groundwater, Ground Rain, Ground Water, Ground rivers, Ground water, Ground-water, Ground-water table, Overdraft of groundwater, Phreatic water, Pore water, Pore-water, Porewater, Sub-surface water, Subsurface water, Underground water.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groundwater

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