Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Growth medium

+ Save concept

A growth medium or culture medium is a solid, liquid or semi-solid designed to support the growth of microorganisms or cells, or small plants like the moss Physcomitrella patens. [1]

104 relations: Agar, Agar plate, Alcaligenes, Allele, Ammonium, Ampicillin, Anaerobic organism, Antibiotic, Antimicrobial resistance, Auxotrophy, Bacillus, Bacteria, Bacterial conjugation, Baird-Parker agar, Beer, Buffered charcoal yeast extract agar, Carbon, Cell (biology), Cell culture, Chemically defined medium, Chocolate agar, Colloid, Cytokinin, Cytophaga, Eosin, Eosin methylene blue, Escherichia coli, Eukaryote, Fermentation in food processing, Flavobacterium, Fungus, Ganciclovir, Gellan gum, Gene, Genetic marker, Genomics, Glucose, Glycerol, Gram-negative bacteria, Granada medium, Group A streptococcal infection, Growth factor, Hektoen enteric agar, Herpes simplex virus, Hormone, Impedance microbiology, In vivo, Inorganic compound, Karyotype, Lac operon, ..., Legionella pneumophila, Lysogeny broth, MacConkey agar, Magnesium, Malt, Mannitol salt agar, Media dispenser, Metabolite, Methylene blue, Microbiological culture, Microorganism, Modified Chee's medium, Moss, Neomycin, Neutral red, Nitrate, Nitrogen, Nucleic acid, Nutrient agar, Parasitism, Petri dish, PH, Phenol red, Phosphorus, Physcomitrella patens, Plant, Plate count agar, Proline, Protein, Pseudomonas, Ralf Reski, Recombinant DNA, Sabouraud agar, Salt, Serum (blood), Staphylococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Succinic acid, Sulfur, Suspension (chemistry), Tetracycline, Thioglycolate broth, Transfection, Trypticase soy agar, Unicellular organism, Vibrio cholerae, Virus, Wort, X-gal, XLD agar, Yeast extract, YM (selective medium). Expand index (54 more) »

Agar

Agar (pronounced, sometimes) or agar-agar is a jelly-like substance, obtained from algae.

New!!: Growth medium and Agar · See more »

Agar plate

An agar plate is a Petri dish that contains a solid growth medium, typically agar plus nutrients, used to culture small organisms such as microorganisms.

New!!: Growth medium and Agar plate · See more »

Alcaligenes

Alcaligenes is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Alcaligenes · See more »

Allele

An allele is a variant form of a given gene.

New!!: Growth medium and Allele · See more »

Ammonium

The ammonium cation is a positively charged polyatomic ion with the chemical formula.

New!!: Growth medium and Ammonium · See more »

Ampicillin

Ampicillin is an antibiotic used to prevent and treat a number of bacterial infections, such as respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, meningitis, salmonellosis, and endocarditis.

New!!: Growth medium and Ampicillin · See more »

Anaerobic organism

An anaerobic organism or anaerobe is any organism that does not require oxygen for growth.

New!!: Growth medium and Anaerobic organism · See more »

Antibiotic

An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.

New!!: Growth medium and Antibiotic · See more »

Antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.

New!!: Growth medium and Antimicrobial resistance · See more »

Auxotrophy

Auxotrophy (αὐξάνω "to increase"; τροφή "nourishment") is the inability of an organism to synthesize a particular organic compound required for its growth (as defined by IUPAC).

New!!: Growth medium and Auxotrophy · See more »

Bacillus

Bacillus is a genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria and a member of the phylum Firmicutes.

New!!: Growth medium and Bacillus · See more »

Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

New!!: Growth medium and Bacteria · See more »

Bacterial conjugation

Bacterial conjugation is the transfer of genetic material between bacterial cells by direct cell-to-cell contact or by a bridge-like connection between two cells.

New!!: Growth medium and Bacterial conjugation · See more »

Baird-Parker agar

Baird-Parker agar is a type of agar used for the selective isolation of gram-positive Staphylococci species.

New!!: Growth medium and Baird-Parker agar · See more »

Beer

Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.

New!!: Growth medium and Beer · See more »

Buffered charcoal yeast extract agar

Buffered charcoal yeast extract (BCYE) agar is a selective growth medium used to culture or grow certain bacteria, particularly the Gram-negative species Legionella pneumophila.

New!!: Growth medium and Buffered charcoal yeast extract agar · See more »

Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Growth medium and Carbon · See more »

Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

New!!: Growth medium and Cell (biology) · See more »

Cell culture

Cell culture is the process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, generally outside their natural environment.

New!!: Growth medium and Cell culture · See more »

Chemically defined medium

A chemically defined medium is a growth medium suitable for the in vitro cell culture of human or animal cells in which all of the chemical components are known.

New!!: Growth medium and Chemically defined medium · See more »

Chocolate agar

Chocolate agar (CHOC) or chocolate blood agar (CBA) – is a nonselective, enriched growth medium used for isolation of pathogenic bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Chocolate agar · See more »

Colloid

In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.

New!!: Growth medium and Colloid · See more »

Cytokinin

Cytokinins (CK) are a class of plant growth substances (phytohormones) that promote cell division, or cytokinesis, in plant roots and shoots.

New!!: Growth medium and Cytokinin · See more »

Cytophaga

Cytophaga is a genus of Gram-negative, gliding, rod-shaped bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Cytophaga · See more »

Eosin

Eosin is the name of several fluorescent acidic compounds which bind to and form salts with basic, or eosinophilic, compounds like proteins containing amino acid residues such as arginine and lysine, and stains them dark red or pink as a result of the actions of bromine on fluorescein.

New!!: Growth medium and Eosin · See more »

Eosin methylene blue

Eosin methylene blue (EMB, also known as "Levine's formulation") is a selective stain for gram-negative bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Eosin methylene blue · See more »

Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

New!!: Growth medium and Escherichia coli · See more »

Eukaryote

Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

New!!: Growth medium and Eukaryote · See more »

Fermentation in food processing

Fermentation in food processing is the process of converting carbohydrates to alcohol or organic acids using microorganisms—yeasts or bacteria—under anaerobic conditions.

New!!: Growth medium and Fermentation in food processing · See more »

Flavobacterium

Flavobacterium is a genus of gram-negative, nonmotile and motile, rod-shaped bacteria that consists of 130 recognized species.

New!!: Growth medium and Flavobacterium · See more »

Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

New!!: Growth medium and Fungus · See more »

Ganciclovir

Ganciclovir is an antiviral medication used to treat cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections.

New!!: Growth medium and Ganciclovir · See more »

Gellan gum

Gellan gum is a water-soluble anionic polysaccharide produced by the bacterium Sphingomonas elodea (formerly Pseudomonas elodea).

New!!: Growth medium and Gellan gum · See more »

Gene

In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

New!!: Growth medium and Gene · See more »

Genetic marker

A genetic marker is a gene or DNA sequence with a known location on a chromosome that can be used to identify individuals or species.

New!!: Growth medium and Genetic marker · See more »

Genomics

Genomics is an interdisciplinary field of science focusing on the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of genomes.

New!!: Growth medium and Genomics · See more »

Glucose

Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.

New!!: Growth medium and Glucose · See more »

Glycerol

Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.

New!!: Growth medium and Glycerol · See more »

Gram-negative bacteria

Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial differentiation.

New!!: Growth medium and Gram-negative bacteria · See more »

Granada medium

Granada medium is a selective and differential culture medium designed to selectively isolate Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B streptococcus, GBS) and differentiate it from other microorganisms.

New!!: Growth medium and Granada medium · See more »

Group A streptococcal infection

A group A streptococcal infection is an infection with group A streptococcus (GAS).

New!!: Growth medium and Group A streptococcal infection · See more »

Growth factor

A growth factor is a naturally occurring substance capable of stimulating cellular growth, proliferation, healing, and cellular differentiation.

New!!: Growth medium and Growth factor · See more »

Hektoen enteric agar

Hektoen enteric agar (HEK or HE or HEA) is a selective and differential agar primarily used to recover Salmonella and Shigella from patient specimens.

New!!: Growth medium and Hektoen enteric agar · See more »

Herpes simplex virus

Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2), also known as human herpesvirus 1 and 2 (HHV-1 and HHV-2), are two members of the herpesvirus family, Herpesviridae, that infect humans.

New!!: Growth medium and Herpes simplex virus · See more »

Hormone

A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

New!!: Growth medium and Hormone · See more »

Impedance microbiology

Impedance microbiology is a rapid microbiological technique used to measure the microbial number density (mainly bacteria but also yeasts) of a sample by monitoring the electrical parameters of the growth medium.

New!!: Growth medium and Impedance microbiology · See more »

In vivo

Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism.

New!!: Growth medium and In vivo · See more »

Inorganic compound

An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.

New!!: Growth medium and Inorganic compound · See more »

Karyotype

A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.

New!!: Growth medium and Karyotype · See more »

Lac operon

The lac operon (lactose operon) is an operon required for the transport and metabolism of lactose in Escherichia coli and many other enteric bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Lac operon · See more »

Legionella pneumophila

Legionella pneumophila is a thin, aerobic, pleomorphic, flagellated, nonspore-forming, Gram-negative bacterium of the genus Legionella.

New!!: Growth medium and Legionella pneumophila · See more »

Lysogeny broth

Lysogeny broth (LB), a nutritionally rich medium, is primarily used for the growth of bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Lysogeny broth · See more »

MacConkey agar

MacConkey agar is an indicator, a selective and differential culture medium for bacteria designed to selectively isolate Gram-negative and enteric (normally found in the intestinal tract) bacilli and differentiate them based on lactose fermentation.

New!!: Growth medium and MacConkey agar · See more »

Magnesium

Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.

New!!: Growth medium and Magnesium · See more »

Malt

Malt is germinated cereal grains that have been dried in a process known as "malting".

New!!: Growth medium and Malt · See more »

Mannitol salt agar

Mannitol salt agar or MSA is a commonly used selective and differential growth medium in microbiology.

New!!: Growth medium and Mannitol salt agar · See more »

Media dispenser

A media dispenser or a culture media dispenser is a device for repeatedly delivering small fixed volumes (typically between 1 ml and 50 ml) of liquid such as a laboratory growth medium like molten agar or caustic or volatile solvents like toluene into a series of receptacles (Petri dishes, test tubes, Fernbach flasks, etc.). It is often important that such dispensers operate without biological or chemical contamination, and so must be internally sealed from the environment and designed for easy cleaning and sterilization before use.

New!!: Growth medium and Media dispenser · See more »

Metabolite

A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.

New!!: Growth medium and Metabolite · See more »

Methylene blue

Methylene blue, also known as methylthioninium chloride, is a medication and dye.

New!!: Growth medium and Methylene blue · See more »

Microbiological culture

A microbiological culture, or microbial culture, is a method of multiplying microbial organisms by letting them reproduce in predetermined culture medium under controlled laboratory conditions.

New!!: Growth medium and Microbiological culture · See more »

Microorganism

A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes and other bioactive compounds. They are essential tools in biology as model organisms and have been put to use in biological warfare and bioterrorism. They are a vital component of fertile soils. In the human body microorganisms make up the human microbiota including the essential gut flora. They are the pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases and as such are the target of hygiene measures.

New!!: Growth medium and Microorganism · See more »

Modified Chee's medium

In cellular biology and microbiology, modified Chee's medium is used to cultivate cells and bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Modified Chee's medium · See more »

Moss

Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.

New!!: Growth medium and Moss · See more »

Neomycin

Neomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic found in many topical medications such as creams, ointments, and eyedrops.

New!!: Growth medium and Neomycin · See more »

Neutral red

Neutral red (toluylene red, Basic Red 5, or C.I. 50040) is a eurhodin dye used for staining in histology.

New!!: Growth medium and Neutral red · See more »

Nitrate

Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.

New!!: Growth medium and Nitrate · See more »

Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

New!!: Growth medium and Nitrogen · See more »

Nucleic acid

Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.

New!!: Growth medium and Nucleic acid · See more »

Nutrient agar

Nutrient agar is a general purpose medium supporting growth of a wide range of non-fastidious organisms.

New!!: Growth medium and Nutrient agar · See more »

Parasitism

In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.

New!!: Growth medium and Parasitism · See more »

Petri dish

A Petri dish (sometimes spelled "Petrie Dish" and alternatively known as a Petri plate or cell-culture dish), named after the German bacteriologist Julius Richard Petri, is a shallow cylindrical glass or plastic lidded dish that biologists use to culture cellssuch as bacteriaor small mosses.

New!!: Growth medium and Petri dish · See more »

PH

In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.

New!!: Growth medium and PH · See more »

Phenol red

Phenol red (also known as phenolsulfonphthalein or PSP) is a pH indicator frequently used in cell biology laboratories.

New!!: Growth medium and Phenol red · See more »

Phosphorus

Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.

New!!: Growth medium and Phosphorus · See more »

Physcomitrella patens

Physcomitrella patens, the spreading earthmoss, is a moss (bryophyte) used as a model organism for studies on plant evolution, development, and physiology.

New!!: Growth medium and Physcomitrella patens · See more »

Plant

Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

New!!: Growth medium and Plant · See more »

Plate count agar

Plate Count Agar (PCA), also called Standard Methods Agar (SMA), is a microbiological growth medium commonly used to assess or to monitor "total" or viable bacterial growth of a sample.

New!!: Growth medium and Plate count agar · See more »

Proline

Proline (symbol Pro or P) is a proteinogenic amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Growth medium and Proline · See more »

Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: Growth medium and Protein · See more »

Pseudomonas

Pseudomonas is a genus of Gram-negative, Gammaproteobacteria, belonging to the family Pseudomonadaceae and containing 191 validly described species.

New!!: Growth medium and Pseudomonas · See more »

Ralf Reski

Ralf Reski (born 18 November 1958 in Gelsenkirchen) is a German Professor of Plant Biotechnology and former Dean of the Faculty of Biology of the University of Freiburg.

New!!: Growth medium and Ralf Reski · See more »

Recombinant DNA

Recombinant DNA (rDNA) molecules are DNA molecules formed by laboratory methods of genetic recombination (such as molecular cloning) to bring together genetic material from multiple sources, creating sequences that would not otherwise be found in the genome.

New!!: Growth medium and Recombinant DNA · See more »

Sabouraud agar

Sabouraud agar or Sabouraud Dextrose Agar or SDA is a type of agar growth medium containing peptones.

New!!: Growth medium and Sabouraud agar · See more »

Salt

Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

New!!: Growth medium and Salt · See more »

Serum (blood)

In blood, the serum is the component that is neither a blood cell (serum does not contain white or red blood cells) nor a clotting factor; it is the blood plasma not including the fibrinogens.

New!!: Growth medium and Serum (blood) · See more »

Staphylococcus

Staphylococcus (from the σταφυλή, staphylē, "grape" and κόκκος, kókkos, "granule") is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Staphylococcus · See more »

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive, round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes, and it is a member of the normal flora of the body, frequently found in the nose, respiratory tract, and on the skin.

New!!: Growth medium and Staphylococcus aureus · See more »

Streptococcus agalactiae

Streptococcus agalactiae (also known as group B streptococcus or GBS) is a gram-positive coccus (round bacterium) with a tendency to form chains (as reflected by the genus name Streptococcus).

New!!: Growth medium and Streptococcus agalactiae · See more »

Streptococcus pyogenes

Streptococcus pyogenes is a species of Gram-positive bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Streptococcus pyogenes · See more »

Succinic acid

Succinic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H)2.

New!!: Growth medium and Succinic acid · See more »

Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

New!!: Growth medium and Sulfur · See more »

Suspension (chemistry)

In chemistry, a suspension is a heterogeneous mixture that contains solid particles sufficiently large for sedimentation.

New!!: Growth medium and Suspension (chemistry) · See more »

Tetracycline

Tetracycline, sold under the brand name Sumycin among others, is an antibiotic used to treat a number of infections.

New!!: Growth medium and Tetracycline · See more »

Thioglycolate broth

Thioglycolate broth is a multipurpose, enriched, differential medium used primarily to determine the oxygen requirements of microorganisms.

New!!: Growth medium and Thioglycolate broth · See more »

Transfection

Transfection is the process of deliberately introducing naked or purified nucleic acids into eukaryotic cells.

New!!: Growth medium and Transfection · See more »

Trypticase soy agar

Trypticase soy agar or tryptone soya agar (TSA) and Trypticase soy broth or tryptone soya broth (TSB) with agar are growth media for the culturing of bacteria.

New!!: Growth medium and Trypticase soy agar · See more »

Unicellular organism

A unicellular organism, also known as a single-celled organism, is an organism that consists of only one cell, unlike a multicellular organism that consists of more than one cell.

New!!: Growth medium and Unicellular organism · See more »

Vibrio cholerae

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram-negative, comma-shaped bacterium.

New!!: Growth medium and Vibrio cholerae · See more »

Virus

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

New!!: Growth medium and Virus · See more »

Wort

Wort is the liquid extracted from the mashing process during the brewing of beer or whisky.

New!!: Growth medium and Wort · See more »

X-gal

X-gal (also abbreviated BCIG for 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-β-D-galactopyranoside) is an organic compound consisting of galactose linked to a substituted indole.

New!!: Growth medium and X-gal · See more »

XLD agar

Xylose Lysine Deoxycholate agar (XLD agar) is a selective growth medium used in the isolation of Salmonella and Shigella species from clinical samples and from food.

New!!: Growth medium and XLD agar · See more »

Yeast extract

Yeast extract is the common name for yeast products made by extracting the cell contents (removing the cell walls); they are used as food additives or flavorings, or as nutrients for bacterial culture media.

New!!: Growth medium and Yeast extract · See more »

YM (selective medium)

YM Agar and Broth, is a selective growth medium with low pH useful for cultivating yeasts, molds, or other acid-tolerant or acidophilic organisms, while deterring growth of most bacteria and other acid intolerant organisms.

New!!: Growth medium and YM (selective medium) · See more »

Redirects here:

Bacteria culture, Basal media, Cell culture media, Cell culture medium, Complete medium, Culture media, Culture medium, Differential media, Differential medium, Enriched medium, Growing media, Growing medium, Growth Medium, Growth media, Liquid media, Liquid medium, Meningomedium, Microbial medium, Microbiological medium, Minimal growth medium, Minimal media, Minimal medium, Nutrient broth, Nutrient medium, Pea broth medium, Selective growth medium, Selective media, Selective medium, Supplementary minimal medium.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Growth_medium

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »