416 relations: Aérospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon, Active electronically scanned array, Active radar homing, Advanced Tactical Fighter, Aerial reconnaissance, Aerial warfare, Aerospace Defense Command, Aerospace Museum of California, Afghanistan, Aileron, AIM-54 Phoenix, AIM-7 Sparrow, AIM-9 Sidewinder, Air brake (aeronautics), Air combat manoeuvring, Air superiority fighter, Air Zoo, Aircraft canopy, Aircraft carrier, Aircraft flight control system, Aircraft pilot, Al Asad Airbase, Alameda, California, ALR-67 Radar Warning Receiver, AN/AWG-9, Angle of attack, Annapolis, Maryland, Anti-ship missile, Arnold Air Force Base, Atlanta, Attack aircraft, Atwater, California, Autopilot, Aviation Challenge, Aviation Museum of Kentucky, Avionics, Ba'athist Iraq, Bell AH-1 Cobra, Bell UH-1 Iroquois, Beqaa Valley, Bethpage, New York, Birmingham, Alabama, Bloomington, Illinois, Boeing EA-18G Growler, Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, Bomber, Bubble canopy, CAF Airpower Museum, California, Calverton, New York, ..., Carolinas Aviation Museum, Carrier battle group, Castle Air Museum, CATOBAR, CBU-100 Cluster Bomb, Center of mass, Central Air Data Computer, Chaff (countermeasure), Chantilly, Virginia, Charles M. Schulz–Sonoma County Airport, Charleston, South Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, Chicago, Chino, California, Chipset, Coast Guard Air Station Sacramento, Cockpit, Combat Air Museum, Compressor stall, Convair F-106 Delta Dart, Corpus Christi, Texas, Cradle of Aviation Museum, Cruise missile, Dassault Mirage 5, Dassault Mirage F1, Davis–Monthan Air Force Base, De Laval nozzle, Defence minister, Denver, Dick Cheney, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Drop tank, East Berlin, Pennsylvania, Ejection seat, Electron-beam welding, Electronic countermeasure, Empire State Aerosciences Museum, Estrella Warbird Museum, Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum, Federation of American Scientists, Fighter aircraft, Fighter Squadron 1 (United States Navy), Flap (aeronautics), Flare (countermeasure), Flight dynamics (fixed-wing aircraft), Flightglobal, Florida, Florida Air Museum, Ford Island, Fort Worth Aviation Museum, Fort Worth, Texas, Forward air control, Fourth-generation jet fighter, Fuel efficiency, Fuselage, Garden City, New York, Garrett AiResearch, Gatling gun, General Dynamics, General Dynamics–Grumman F-111B, General Electric F110, General-purpose bomb, Glass cockpit, Glenville, Schenectady County, New York, Global Positioning System, Grissom Air Museum, Grissom Air Reserve Base, Ground-controlled interception, Grumman, Grumman A-6 Intruder, Grumman XF10F Jaguar, Gulf of Sidra incident (1981), Gulf of Sirte, Gulf War, Gyroscope, Hangar, Hardpoint, Hawaii, Head-up display, Hickory Aviation Museum, Hickory Regional Airport, Hickory, North Carolina, History of the Iranian Air Force, Horseheads, New York, Hughes Aircraft Company, Huntsville, Alabama, Identification friend or foe, Indiana, Indium antimonide, Inertial navigation system, Infra-red search and track, Infrared homing, Intake ramp, Integrated circuit, Interceptor aircraft, Interim Government of Iran, Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum, Iran–Iraq War, Iranian Revolution, Iraq, Iraq War, Isfahan, Isfahan International Airport, Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Joe Baugher, John Lehman, Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst, Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam, Joint Direct Attack Munition, Joint Tactical Information Distribution System, K-13 (missile), Kalamazoo, Michigan, Kharg Island, Knot (unit), Lakeland Linder Regional Airport, Lakeland, Florida, LANTIRN, Laser-guided bomb, Leading-edge slat, Lexington Park, Maryland, Liberal Mid-America Regional Airport, Liberal, Kansas, Lift (force), Lift-to-drag ratio, Lifting body, Lightweight Fighter program, Ling-Temco-Vought, Link 16, List of fighter aircraft, List of Iranian aerial victories during the Iran–Iraq war, List of military aircraft of the United States, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, Long Island, Look-down/shoot-down, Lowry Air Force Base, LTV A-7 Corsair II, Lubbock, Texas, Lumberton Township, New Jersey, M61 Vulcan, Mach number, Mach tuck, Manhattan, MAPS Air Museum, March Field Air Museum, Martin Marietta, Martin-Baker Mk.7, Maryland, Maximum takeoff weight, McDonnell Douglas, McDonnell Douglas A-12 Avenger II, McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet, McDonnell Douglas T-45 Goshawk, McMinnville, Oregon, Miami, Microprocessor, Mid-air collision, Mid-America Air Museum, Midland, Texas, Mikoyan, Mikoyan MiG-27, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25, Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-8, Mile, MIM-23 Hawk, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, MOSFET, Mount Clemens, Michigan, Multirole combat aircraft, Museum of Flight, NACA airfoil, Nacelle, National Air and Space Museum, National Naval Aviation Museum, NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, Nautical mile, Naval Air Facility El Centro, Naval Air Station Fallon, Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, Naval Air Station Oceana, Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval Air Station Pensacola, Naval Air Station Point Mugu, Naval Air Systems Command, Naval Aviation Warfighting Development Center, Naval Base Ventura County, Naval flight officer, Naval Station Norfolk, Nevada, New England Air Museum, New Jersey, North American A-5 Vigilante, North Canton, Ohio, North Kingstown, Rhode Island, Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler, Oakland Aviation Museum, Oakland, California, Operation Deliberate Force, Operation Frequent Wind, Pacific Aviation Museum Pearl Harbor, Pacific Coast Air Museum, Palm Springs Air Museum, Palm Springs, California, Palmdale, California, Panavia Tornado ADV, Paso Robles, California, Patriots Point, Patuxent River Naval Air Museum, Paveway, Pennsylvania, Persian Gulf, Pima Air & Space Museum, Planar array, Podded engine, Pound (mass), Pratt & Whitney F100, Pratt & Whitney TF30, Precision-guided munition, Pulse-Doppler radar, Quonset Air Museum, R-27 (air-to-air missile), R.550 Magic, Radar warning receiver, Richard Nixon, Richmond, Virginia, Riverside, California, Robert McNamara, Rockwell International, Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, ROVER, Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War, S-75 Dvina, Sacramento McClellan Airport, Sacramento, California, San Diego, San Diego Air & Space Museum, Santa Rosa, California, Selfridge Air National Guard Base, Semi-active radar homing, Shah, Simi Valley, California, Southern Museum of Flight, Soviet Union, Space Coast Regional Airport, Spin (aerodynamics), Spoiler (aeronautics), Stall (engine), Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Sukhoi Su-17, Sukhoi Su-33, Super 530, Supersonic speed, Surface-to-air missile, Tactical Airborne Reconnaissance Pod System, Tailhook, Tandem, Teen Series, Tehran, Tehran Times, Tennessee, Texas Air Museum, The Final Countdown (film), The New York Times, The Virginian-Pilot, Thickness-to-chord ratio, Thomas F. Connolly, Thrust-to-weight ratio, Tillamook Air Museum, Tillamook, Oregon, Titanium, Titusville, Florida, Top Gun, Topeka, Kansas, Torrance, California, Track while scan, Tucson, Arizona, Tukwila, Washington, Tulsa Air and Space Museum & Planetarium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, Tupolev Tu-16, Tupolev Tu-22, Tupolev Tu-22M, Tupolev Tu-95, Turbine engine failure, Turbofan, Twinjet, U.S. Space & Rocket Center, Unguided bomb, United States Air Force, United States Congress, United States Department of the Navy, United States dollar, United States Marine Corps, United States Naval Academy, United States Navy, United States Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor program, United States Secretary of the Navy, USA Today, USS Hornet Museum, USS Midway Museum, Valiant Air Command Warbird Museum, Variable-sweep wing, VF-11, VF-111, VF-114, VF-124, VF-126, VF-142, VF-143, VF-191, VF-194 (1986-8), VF-202, VF-21, VF-24, VF-301, VF-302, VF-33, VF-51, VF-74, VF-84 (1955–95), VFA-101, VFA-102, VFA-103, VFA-11, VFA-14 (U.S. Navy), VFA-143, VFA-154, VFA-2, VFA-201, VFA-211 (U.S. Navy), VFA-213, VFA-31, VFA-32, VFA-41, VFAX, VFC-111, Vietnam War, Virginia, Virginia Aviation Museum, Vought F-8 Crusader, VX-23, VX-30, VX-4, VX-9, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Weapon, Western Museum of Flight, Whitehall Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, Willmar Municipal Airport, Willmar, Minnesota, Windsor Locks, Connecticut, Wings Over Miami, Wings Over the Rockies Air and Space Museum, X band, Xian H-6, Yanks Air Museum, 1989 air battle near Tobruk, 20 mm caliber, 309th Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group, 9K32 Strela-2. 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The Aérospatiale (formerly Sud Aviation) SA 321 Super Frelon ("Super Hornet") is a three-engined heavy transport helicopter produced by aerospace manufacturer Sud Aviation (later Aérospatiale) of France.
An active electronically scanned array (AESA), is a type of phased array antenna, that is a computer-controlled array antenna in which the beam of radio waves can be electronically steered to point in different directions without moving the antenna.
Active radar homing (ARH) is a missile guidance method in which a missile contains a radar transceiver (in contrast to semi-active radar homing, which uses only a receiver) and the electronics necessary for it to find and track its target autonomously.
The Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) was a demonstration and validation program undertaken by the United States Air Force to develop a next-generation air superiority fighter to counter emerging worldwide threats, including Soviet Sukhoi Su-27 and Mikoyan MiG-29 fighters under development in the 1980s.
Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft.
Aerial warfare is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare.
Aerospace Defense Command was a major command of the United States Air Forces, responsible for continental air defence.
The Aerospace Museum of California is an aviation museum located in North Highlands, California on the grounds of the former McClellan Air Force Base.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
An aileron (French for "little wing" or "fin") is a hinged flight control surface usually forming part of the trailing edge of each wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
The AIM-54 Phoenix is a radar-guided, long-range air-to-air missile (AAM), carried in clusters of up to six missiles on the Grumman F-14 Tomcat, its only operational launch platform.
The AIM-7 Sparrow is an American, medium-range semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile operated by the United States Air Force, United States Navy and United States Marine Corps, as well as other various air forces and navies.
The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States Navy at China Lake, California, in the 1950s, and subsequently adopted by the United States Air Force.
In aeronautics, air brakes or speed brakes are a type of flight control surfaces used on an aircraft to increase drag or increase the angle of approach during landing.
Air combat manoeuvring (also known as ACM or dogfighting) is the tactical art of moving, turning and/or situating one's fighter aircraft in order to attain a position from which an attack can be made on another aircraft.
An air superiority fighter, also spelled air-superiority fighter, is a type of fighter aircraft designed for entering and seizing control of enemy airspace as a means of establishing complete dominance over the enemy's air force (air supremacy).
The Air Zoo, founded as the Kalamazoo Aviation History Museum, is an aviation museum and indoor amusement park next to the Kalamazoo-Battle Creek International Airport in Portage, Michigan.
An aircraft canopy is the transparent enclosure over the cockpit of some types of aircraft.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
A conventional fixed-wing aircraft flight control system consists of flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkages, and the necessary operating mechanisms to control an aircraft's direction in flight.
An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls.
Ayn al-Asad Airbase is an Iraqi Armed Forces and United States armed forces base located in the Al Anbar Governorate of western Iraq.
Alameda (Spanish) is a city in Alameda County, California, United States.
The AN/ALR-67 Radar Warning Receiver is designed to warn an aircraft's crew of potentially hostile radar activity.
The AN/AWG-9 and AN/APG-71 radars are all-weather, multi-mode X band pulse-Doppler radar systems used in the F-14 Tomcat, and also tested on TA-3B.
In fluid dynamics, angle of attack (AOA, or \alpha (Greek letter alpha)) is the angle between a reference line on a body (often the chord line of an airfoil) and the vector representing the relative motion between the body and the fluid through which it is moving.
Annapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Maryland, as well as the county seat of Anne Arundel County.
Anti-ship missiles are guided missiles that are designed for use against ships and large boats.
Arnold Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located in Coffee and Franklin counties, Tennessee, adjacent to the city of Tullahoma.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.
Atwater is a city on State Route 99 in Merced County, California, United States.
An autopilot is a system used to control the trajectory of an aircraft without constant 'hands-on' control by a human operator being required.
Aviation Challenge is a military-style camp for youth between the ages of 9 to 18 years old located in Huntsville, Alabama and is part of the U.S. Space & Rocket Center.
The Aviation Museum of Kentucky is an aviation museum located at the Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Kentucky.
Avionics are the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft.
Ba'athist Iraq, formally the Iraqi Republic, covers the history of Iraq between 1968 and 2003, during the period of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party's rule.
The Bell AH-1 Cobra is a two-blade, single-engine attack helicopter manufactured by Bell Helicopter. It was developed using the engine, transmission and rotor system of the Bell UH-1 Iroquois. A member of the prolific Huey family, the AH-1 is also referred to as the HueyCobra or Snake. The AH-1 was the backbone of the United States Army's attack helicopter fleet, but has been replaced by the AH-64 Apache in Army service. Upgraded versions continue to fly with the militaries of several other nations. The AH-1 twin-engine versions remain in service with United States Marine Corps (USMC) as the service's primary attack helicopter. Surplus AH-1 helicopters have been converted for fighting forest fires.
The Bell UH-1 Iroquois (nicknamed "Huey") is a utility military helicopter powered by a single turboshaft engine, with two-blade main and tail rotors.
The Beqaa Valley (وادي البقاع,, Lebanese; Բեքայի դաշտավայր), also transliterated as Bekaa, Biqâ and Becaa and known in Classical antiquity as Coele-Syria, is a fertile valley in eastern Lebanon.
Bethpage is a hamlet located on Long Island within the Town of Oyster Bay in Nassau County, New York, United States, as well as a census-designated place (CDP) with borders slightly different from those of the hamlet.
Birmingham is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the seat of Jefferson County.
Bloomington is a city in and the county seat of McLean County, Illinois, United States.
The Boeing EA-18G Growler is an American carrier-based electronic warfare aircraft, a specialized version of the two-seat F/A-18F Super Hornet.
The Boeing F/A-18E and F/A-18F Super Hornet are twin-engine, carrier-capable, multirole fighter aircraft variants based on the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
A bubble canopy is a canopy made without bracing, which attempts to provide 360° vision to the pilot.
The CAF Airpower Museum, formerly the American Airpower Heritage Museum (AAHM), is affiliate organization of the Commemorative Air Force (CAF), headquartered at Dallas Executive Airport in Dallas, Texas.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Calverton is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Suffolk County, New York, United States.
The Carolinas Aviation Museum is an aviation museum on the grounds of Charlotte Douglas International Airport in Charlotte, North Carolina.
A carrier battle group (CVBG) consists of an aircraft carrier (designated CV) and its large number of escorts, together defining the group.
Castle Air Museum is a military aviation museum located in Atwater, California, United States adjacent to Castle Airport, a former United States Air Force Strategic Air Command base which was closed in 1995, after the end of the Cold War.
CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery or Catapult Assisted Take-Off Barrier Arrested Recovery) is a system used for the launch and recovery of aircraft from the deck of an aircraft carrier.
The CBU-100 Cluster Bomb (also called the Mk-20 Rockeye II) is an American cluster bomb which is employed primarily in an anti-tank mode.
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.
A Central Air Data Computer computes altitude, vertical speed, air speed, and mach number from sensor inputs such as pitot and static pressure and temperature.
Chaff, originally called Window by the British and Düppel by the Second World War era German Luftwaffe (from the Berlin suburb where it was first developed), is a radar countermeasure in which aircraft or other targets spread a cloud of small, thin pieces of aluminium, metallized glass fibre or plastic, which either appears as a cluster of primary targets on radar screens or swamps the screen with multiple returns.
Chantilly is a census-designated place (CDP) in western Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.
Charles M. Schulz–Sonoma County Airport is 7 miles (11 km) northwest of downtown Santa Rosa, in Sonoma County, California.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chino is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States.
In a computer system, a chipset is a set of electronic components in an integrated circuit known as a "Data Flow Management System" that manages the data flow between the processor, memory and peripherals.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Coast Guard Air Station Sacramento is an Air Station of the United States Coast Guard, located in Sacramento County, California.
A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft or spacecraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft.
The Combat Air Museum is a non profit aviation museum at Topeka Regional Airport in Williamsport Township, Shawnee County, near Topeka, Kansas.
A compressor stall is a local disruption of the airflow in a gas turbine or turbocharger compressor.
The Convair F-106 Delta Dart was the primary all-weather interceptor aircraft of the United States Air Force from the 1960s through the 1980s.
Corpus Christi, colloquially Corpus (Latin: Body of Christ), is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas.
The Cradle of Aviation Museum is an aerospace museum located in Garden City, New York on Long Island to commemorate Long Island's part in the history of aviation.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
The Dassault Mirage 5 is a supersonic attack aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1960s and manufactured in France and a number of other countries.
The Dassault Mirage F1 is a French fighter and attack aircraft designed and manufactured by Dassault Aviation.
Davis–Monthan Air Force Base (DM AFB) is a United States Air Force base located within the city limits approximately south-southeast of downtown Tucson, Arizona.
A de Laval nozzle (or convergent-divergent nozzle, CD nozzle or con-di nozzle) is a tube that is pinched in the middle, making a carefully balanced, asymmetric hourglass shape.
The title Defence Minister, Minister for Defence, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defence, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Richard Bruce Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 46th Vice President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Dobbins Air Reserve Base or Dobbins ARB is a United States Air Force reserve air base located in Marietta, Georgia, a suburb about northwest of Atlanta.
In aviation, a drop tank (external tank, wing tank, or belly tank) is used to describe auxiliary fuel tanks externally carried by aircraft.
East Berlin is a borough in Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States.
In aircraft, an ejection seat or ejector seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft (usually military) in an emergency.
Electron-beam welding (EBW) is a fusion welding process in which a beam of high-velocity electrons is applied to two materials to be joined.
An electronic countermeasure (ECM) is an electrical or electronic device designed to trick or deceive radar, sonar or other detection systems, like infrared (IR) or lasers.
The Empire State Aerosciences Museum (commonly referred to as ESAM) is a non-profit museum which strives to "educate, entertain and excite with experiences in air and space.” Established in 1984 and chartered by the New York State Department of Education, the museum is located on of land on the western perimeter of the Schenectady County Airport in Glenville, New York, United States.
The Estrella Warbird Museum is an aviation museum dedicated to the restoration and preservation of military aircraft, vehicles, and memorabilia.
The Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum is an aviation museum which displays a number of military and civilian aircraft and spacecraft, most notably, the Hughes H-4 Hercules Spruce Goose.
The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) is a 501(c)(3) organization with the stated intent of using science and scientific analysis to attempt to make the world more secure.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Fighter Squadron 1 (VF-1) was a fighter squadron of the United States Navy.
Flaps are a type of high-lift device used to increase the lift of an aircraft wing at a given airspeed.
A flare or decoy flare is an aerial infrared countermeasure used by a plane or helicopter to counter an infrared homing ("heat-seeking") surface-to-air missile or air-to-air missile.
Flight dynamics is the science of air vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions.
Flightglobal is an online news and information website which covers the aviation and aerospace industries.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
The Florida Air Museum is designated as Florida’s "Official Aviation Museum and Education Center." It features a display of aircraft including one-of-a-kind designs, classics, ultra-lights, antiques and warbirds.
Ford Island (PokaAilana) is an islet in the center of Pearl Harbor, Oahu, in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
The Fort Worth Aviation Museum is an aviation museum located next to Meacham International Airport in Fort Worth, Texas.
Fort Worth is the 15th-largest city in the United States and the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas.
Forward air control is the provision of guidance to close air support (CAS) aircraft intended to ensure that their attack hits the intended target and does not injure friendly troops.
Fourth-generation jet fighter is a general classification of jet fighters in service from approximately 1980 to the present and represent design concepts of the 1970s.
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
Garden City is an incorporated village in Nassau County, New York, United States, in the town of Hempstead.
Garrett AiResearch was a manufacturer of turboprop engines and turbochargers, and a pioneer in numerous aerospace technologies.
The Gatling gun is one of the best-known early rapid-fire spring loaded, hand cranked weapons and a forerunner of the modern machine gun.
General Dynamics Corporation (GD) is an American aerospace and defense multinational corporation formed by mergers and divestitures.
The General Dynamics/Grumman F-111B was a long-range carrier-based interceptor aircraft that was planned to be a follow-on to the F-4 Phantom II for the United States Navy (USN).
The General Electric F110 is an afterburning turbofan jet engine produced by GE Aviation.
A general-purpose bomb is an air-dropped bomb intended as a compromise between blast damage, penetration, and fragmentation in explosive effect.
A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic (digital) flight instrument displays, typically large LCD screens, rather than the traditional style of analog dials and gauges.
Glenville is a town in Schenectady County, New York, United States.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
The Grissom Air Museum, near Peru, Indiana and named for astronaut Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, was founded in 1981 by seven prior service military personnel who lived in the area including John Crume, its first Chairman.
Grissom Air Reserve Base is a United States Air Force base, located about north of Kokomo in Cass and Miami counties in Indiana.
Ground-controlled interception (GCI) is an air defence tactic whereby one or more radar stations or other observational stations are linked to a command communications centre which guides interceptor aircraft to an airborne target.
The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading 20th century U.S. producer of military and civilian aircraft.
The Grumman A-6 Intruder is an American, twinjet, mid-wing all-weather attack aircraft built by Grumman Aerospace.
The Grumman XF10F Jaguar was a prototype swing-wing fighter aircraft offered to the United States Navy in the early 1950s.
In the first Gulf of Sidra incident, 19 August 1981, two Russian made Libyan Su-22 Fitter fired upon and were subsequently shot down by two U.S. F-14 Tomcats off the Libyan coast.
Gulf of Sirte (خليج سرت, Khalij Surt), or Gulf of Sidra (خليج السدرة, Khalij as-Sidra) after the port of Sidra, is a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea on the northern coast of Libya.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.
A hangar is a closed building structure to hold aircraft, or spacecraft.
A hardpoint (more formally known as a station or weapon station) is a location on an airframe designed to carry an external or internal load.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
A head-up display or heads-up display, also known as a HUD, is any transparent display that presents data without requiring users to look away from their usual viewpoints.
Hickory Aviation Museum is an aerospace museum at the Hickory Regional Airport in Hickory, North Carolina.
Hickory Regional Airport is a public airport located three miles (5 km) west of the central business district of Hickory, a city in Catawba County, North Carolina, United States.
Hickory is a city located primarily in Catawba County, North Carolina, with parts in adjoining Burke and Caldwell counties.
The history of the Iranian Air Force can be divided into two phases—before the Islamic Revolution, and after it.
Horseheads is a town in Chemung County, New York, United States.
The Hughes Aircraft Company was a major American aerospace and defense contractor founded in 1932 by Howard Hughes in Glendale, California as a division of Hughes Tool Company.
Huntsville is a city located primarily in Madison County in the Appalachian region of northern Alabama.
Identification, friend or foe (IFF) is an identification system designed for command and control.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
Indium antimonide (InSb) is a crystalline compound made from the elements indium (In) and antimony (Sb).
An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers), rotation sensors (gyroscopes), and occasionally magnetic sensors (magnetometers) to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.
An infrared search and track (IRST) system (sometimes known as infrared sighting and tracking) is a method for detecting and tracking objects which give off infrared radiation (see Infrared signature) such as jet aircraft and helicopters.
Infrared homing is a passive weapon guidance system which uses the infrared (IR) light emission from a target to track and follow it.
An intake ramp is a rectangular, plate-like device within the air intake of a jet engine, designed to generate a number of shock waves to aid the inlet compression process at supersonic speeds.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
An interceptor aircraft, or simply interceptor, is a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to attack enemy aircraft, particularly bombers and reconnaissance aircraft, as they approach.
The Interim Government of Iran (Dowlat-e Movaghat-e Irân) was the first government established in Iran after the Iranian Revolution, and the first nominal republic established in Iran after 2,500 years of Persian monarchy.
The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is an American military and maritime history museum with a collection of museum ships in New York City.
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.
The Iranian Revolution (Enqelāb-e Iran; also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution), Iran Chamber.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
Isfahan (Esfahān), historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about south of Tehran.
Isfahan International Airport (فرودگاه اصفهان – Farūdegāh-e Eşfahān) is an international airport serving the city of Isfahan, Iran.
The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF; نیروی هوایی ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران) is the aviation branch of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh (داعش dāʿish), is a Salafi jihadist terrorist organisation and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi/Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.
Joseph F. Baugher (born 1941) is a retired physicist, software engineer, and author, who has also written articles on aviation.
John Francis Lehman Jr. (born September 14, 1942) is an American investment banker and writer who served as Secretary of the Navy (1981–1987) in the Ronald Reagan administration where he promoted the creation of a 600-ship Navy.
Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst (JB MDL) is a United States military facility located southeast of Trenton, New Jersey.
Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam (JBPHH) is a United States military base adjacent to Honolulu, Hawaii.
The Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) is a guidance kit that converts unguided bombs, or "dumb bombs", into all-weather precision-guided munitions.
The Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS) is an L band Distributed Time Division Multiple Access (DTDMA) network radio system used by the United States armed forces and their allies to support data communications needs, principally in the air and missile defense community.
The Vympel K-13 (NATO reporting name: AA-2 "Atoll") is a short-range, infrared homing air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union.
Kalamazoo is a city in the southwest region of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Kharg Island (جزیره خارگ) is a continental island in the Persian Gulf belonging to Iran.
The knot is a unit of speed equal to one nautical mile per hour, exactly 1.852 km/h (approximately 1.15078 mph).
Lakeland Linder Regional Airport is a public airport five miles southwest of Lakeland, in Polk County, Florida.
Lakeland is a city in Polk County, Florida, along Interstate 4 east of Tampa.
Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infrared for Night, or LANTIRN, is a combined navigation and targeting pod system for use on the USAF's premier fighter aircraft — the F-15E Strike Eagle and F-16 Fighting Falcon (Block 40/42 C & D models).
A laser-guided bomb (LGB) is a guided bomb that uses semi-active laser guidance to strike a designated target with greater accuracy than an unguided bomb.
Slats are aerodynamic surfaces on the leading edge of the wings of fixed-wing aircraft which, when deployed, allow the wing to operate at a higher angle of attack.
Lexington Park is a census-designated place (CDP) in St. Mary's County, Maryland, United States, and the principal community of the Lexington Park, Maryland Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Liberal Mid-America Regional Airport is two miles west of Liberal, in Seward County, Kansas.
Liberal is the county seat of Seward County, Kansas, United States.
A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.
In aerodynamics, the lift-to-drag ratio, or L/D ratio, is the amount of lift generated by a wing or vehicle, divided by the aerodynamic drag it creates by moving through the air.
A lifting body is a fixed-wing aircraft or spacecraft configuration in which the body itself produces lift.
The Lightweight Fighter (LWF) program was a United States Air Force technology evaluation program initiated in the 1960s by a group of officers and defense analysts known as the "Fighter Mafia".
Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) was a large US conglomerate which existed from 1961 to 2000.
Link 16 is a military tactical data exchange network used by NATO and nations allowed by the MIDS International Program Office (IPO).
This is a list of military aircraft that are primarily designed for air-to-air combat and thus does not include aircraft intended for other roles where they have some secondary air-to-air capability, such as with many ground attack aircraft.
The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Iraq lasting from September 1980 to August 1988.
This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types.
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters.
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
A radar system has look-down/shoot-down capability if it can detect, track and guide a weapon to an air target moving below the horizon as seen by the radar.
Lowry Air Force Base (Lowry Field 1938-1948) is a former United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) training base during World War II and a United States Air Force (USAF) training base during the Cold War, serving as the initial 1955-1958 site of the U.S. Air Force Academy.
The LTV A-7 Corsair II is an American carrier-capable subsonic light attack aircraft manufactured by Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) to replace the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk.
Lubbock is a city in and the county seat of Lubbock County, Texas, United States.
Lumberton Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States.
The M61 Vulcan is a hydraulically or pneumatically driven, six-barrel, air-cooled, electrically fired Gatling-style rotary cannon which fires 20 mm rounds at an extremely high rate (typically 6,000 rounds per minute).
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
Mach tuck is an aerodynamic effect whereby the nose of an aircraft tends to pitch downward as the airflow around the wing reaches supersonic speeds; the aircraft will first experience this effect at significantly below Mach 1.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
The MAPS Air Museum, run by the Military Aviation Preservation Society, is located off of SR241 on the west side of the Akron-Canton Regional Airport in Green, Ohio, United States.
The March Field Air Museum is an aviation museum near Moreno Valley and Riverside, California, adjacent to March Air Reserve Base.
The Martin Marietta Corporation was an American company founded in 1961 through the merger of Glenn L. Martin Company and American Marietta Corporation.
The Martin-Baker Mk.7 is a British rocket-assisted ejection seat designed and built by Martin-Baker.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
The maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) or maximum gross takeoff weight (MGTOW) or maximum takeoff mass (MTOM) of an aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot is allowed to attempt to take off, due to structural or other limits.
McDonnell Douglas was a major American aerospace manufacturing corporation and defense contractor formed by the merger of McDonnell Aircraft and the Douglas Aircraft Company in 1967.
The McDonnell Douglas/General Dynamics A-12 Avenger II was a proposed American attack aircraft from McDonnell Douglas and General Dynamics.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) AV-8B Harrier II is a single-engine ground-attack aircraft that constitutes the second generation of the Harrier Jump Jet family.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
The McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet is a twin-engine, supersonic, all-weather, carrier-capable, multirole combat jet, designed as both a fighter and attack aircraft (hence the F/A designation).
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) T-45 Goshawk is a highly modified version of the British BAE Systems Hawk land-based training jet aircraft.
McMinnville is the county seat of and largest city in Yamhill County, Oregon, United States.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
A mid-air collision is an aviation accident in which two or more aircraft come into unplanned contact during flight.
The Mid-America Air Museum is an aerospace and aircraft museum located in Liberal, Kansas, at the Liberal Mid-America Regional Airport.
Midland is a city in and the county seat of Midland County, Texas, United States, on the Southern Plains of the state's western area.
Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (Rossiyskaya samoletostroitel'naya korporatsiya "MiG") is a Russian aerospace joint stock company.
The Mikoyan MiG-27 (Микоян МиГ-27; NATO reporting name: Flogger-D/J) is a variable-geometry ground-attack aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union and later license-produced in India by Hindustan Aeronautics as the Bahadur ("Valiant").
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-21; NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-23; NATO reporting name: Flogger) is a variable-geometry fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-25; NATO reporting name: Foxbat) is a supersonic interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft that was among the fastest military aircraft to enter service.
The Mil Mi-24 (Миль Ми-24; NATO reporting name: Hind) is a large helicopter gunship, attack helicopter and low-capacity troop transport with room for eight passengers.
The Mil Mi-8 (Ми-8, NATO reporting name: Hip) is a medium twin-turbine helicopter, originally designed by the Soviet Union, and now produced by Russia.
The mile is an English unit of length of linear measure equal to 5,280 feet, or 1,760 yards, and standardised as exactly 1,609.344 metres by international agreement in 1959.
The Raytheon MIM-23 Hawk is an American medium-range surface-to-air missile.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.
MOSFET showing gate (G), body (B), source (S) and drain (D) terminals. The gate is separated from the body by an insulating layer (white). surface-mount packages. Operating as switches, each of these components can sustain a blocking voltage of 120nbspvolts in the ''off'' state, and can conduct a continuous current of 30 amperes in the ''on'' state, dissipating up to about 100 watts and controlling a load of over 2000 watts. A matchstick is pictured for scale. A cross-section through an nMOSFET when the gate voltage ''V''GS is below the threshold for making a conductive channel; there is little or no conduction between the terminals drain and source; the switch is off. When the gate is more positive, it attracts electrons, inducing an ''n''-type conductive channel in the substrate below the oxide, which allows electrons to flow between the ''n''-doped terminals; the switch is on. Simulation result for formation of inversion channel (electron density) and attainment of threshold voltage (IV) in a nanowire MOSFET. Note that the threshold voltage for this device lies around 0.45 V The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of field-effect transistor (FET), most commonly fabricated by the controlled oxidation of silicon.
Mount Clemens is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan.
A multirole combat aircraft (MRCA) is a combat aircraft intended to perform different roles in combat.
The Museum of Flight is a private non-profit air and space museum in the northwest United States.
The NACA airfoils are airfoil shapes for aircraft wings developed by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA).
A nacelle is a housing, separate from the fuselage, that holds engines, fuel, or equipment on an aircraft.
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..
The National Naval Aviation Museum, formerly known as the National Museum of Naval Aviation and the Naval Aviation Museum, is a military and aerospace museum located at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida.
The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia was the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation's (NATO) military operation against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) during the Kosovo War.
A nautical mile is a unit of measurement defined as exactly.
Naval Air Facility El Centro or NAF El Centro is a military airport located six miles (10 km) northwest of El Centro, in Imperial County, California.
Naval Air Station Fallon or NAS Fallon is the United States Navy's premier air-to-air and air-to-ground training facility.
Naval Air Station Fort Worth Joint Reserve Base (or NAS Fort Worth JRB) includes Carswell Field, a military airbase located west of the central business district of Fort Worth, in Tarrant County, Texas, United States.
Naval Air Station Oceana or NAS Oceana is a military airport located in Virginia Beach, Virginia, and is a United States Navy Master Jet Base.
Naval Air Station Patuxent River, also known as NAS Pax River, is a United States naval air station located in St. Mary's County, Maryland, on the Chesapeake Bay near the mouth of the Patuxent River.
Naval Air Station Pensacola or NAS Pensacola (formerly NAS/KNAS until changed circa 1970 to allow Nassau International Airport, now Lynden Pindling International Airport, to have IATA code NAS), "The Cradle of Naval Aviation", is a United States Navy base located next to Warrington, Florida, a community southwest of the Pensacola city limits.
Naval Air Station Point Mugu is a former United States Navy air station that operated from 1942 to 2000 in California.
The Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) provides material support for aircraft and airborne weapon systems for the United States Navy.
The Naval Aviation Warfighting Development Center (NAWDC, pronounced NAW-DIK) was formerly known as the Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center (NSAWC, pronounced "EN-SOCK") at Naval Air Station Fallon located in the city of Fallon in western Nevada.
Naval Base Ventura County (NBVC) is a United States Navy base located near Oxnard, California.
A naval flight officer (NFO) is a commissioned officer in the United States Navy or United States Marine Corps who specializes in airborne weapons and sensor systems.
Naval Station Norfolk, is a United States Navy base in Norfolk, Virginia.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
The New England Air Museum (NEAM) is an aerospace museum located at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, U.S.A..
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The North American A-5 Vigilante is an American carrier-based supersonic bomber designed and built by North American Aviation for the United States Navy.
North Canton is a city in Stark County in the U.S. state of Ohio.
North Kingstown is a town in Washington County, Rhode Island, United States, and is part of the Providence metropolitan area.
The Northrop Grumman (formerly Grumman) EA-6B Prowler is a twin-engine, four-seat, mid-wing electronic warfare aircraft derived from the A-6 Intruder airframe.
Oakland Aviation Museum, formerly called Western Aerospace Museum, was founded in 1981 as a non-profit organization operating an aviation museum located at North Field of Oakland International Airport in Oakland, California.
Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States.
Operation Deliberate Force was a sustained air campaign conducted by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), in concert with the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) ground operations, to undermine the military capability of the Bosnian Serb Army (VRS), which had threatened and attacked UN-designated "safe areas" in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian War with the Srebrenica and Markale massacres, precipitating the intervention.
Operation Frequent Wind was the final phase in the evacuation of American civilians and "at-risk" Vietnamese from Saigon, South Vietnam prior to the takeover of the city by the North Vietnamese Army (PAVN) in the Fall of Saigon.
Pacific Aviation Museum Pearl Harbor is a non-profit founded in 1999 to develop an aviation museum in Hawaii.
The Pacific Coast Air Museum, in Santa Rosa, California, is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and preserving aviation history through the acquisition, restoration, and display of historic aircraft.
The Palm Springs Air Museum (PSAM), is a non-profit educational institution in Palm Springs, Riverside County, California.
Palm Springs (Cahuilla: Se-Khi)Wilkerson, Lyn (2009).
Palmdale is a city in the center of northern Los Angeles County in the U.S. state of California.
The Panavia Tornado Air Defence Variant (ADV) was a long-range, twin-engine interceptor version of the swing-wing Panavia Tornado.
Paso Robles (full name: El Paso de Robles "The Pass of the Oaks") is a city in San Luis Obispo County, California, United States.
Patriots Point Naval & Maritime Museum is located in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, at the mouth of the Cooper River on the Charleston Harbor, across from Charleston.
The Patuxent River Naval Air Museum (PRNAM) preserves and interprets the Patuxent River Naval Air Base history and heritage of advancing US Naval aviation technology.
Paveway is a series of laser-guided bombs (LGBs).
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
The Pima Air & Space Museum, located in Tucson, Arizona, is one of the world's largest non-government funded aerospace museums.
In telecommunications and radar, a planar array is an antenna in which all of the elements, both active and parasitic, are in one plane.
A podded engine is a jet engine in a pod, typically attached below the wing or to the tail of the aircraft.
The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.
The Pratt & Whitney F100 (company designation JTF22) is an afterburning turbofan engine manufactured by Pratt & Whitney which powers the F-15 Eagle and F-16 Fighting Falcon.
The Pratt & Whitney TF30 (company designation JTF10A) is a military low-bypass turbofan engine originally designed by Pratt & Whitney for the subsonic F6D Missileer fleet defense fighter, but this project was cancelled.
A precision-guided munition (PGM, smart weapon, smart munition, smart bomb) is a guided munition intended to precisely hit a specific target, to minimize collateral damage and increase lethality against intended targets.
A pulse-Doppler radar is a radar system that determines the range to a target using pulse-timing techniques, and uses the Doppler effect of the returned signal to determine the target object's velocity.
The Quonset Air Museum was an aerospace museum located at Quonset Point Air National Guard Station in North Kingstown, Rhode Island.
The Vympel R-27 missile (NATO reporting name AA-10 Alamo) is a medium-to-long-range air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union.
The R.550 Magic (Acronym for Missile Auto-Guidé Interception et Combat) is a short-range air-to-air missile designed in 1968 by French company Matra to compete with the American AIM-9 Sidewinder.
Radar warning receiver (RWR) systems detect the radio emissions of radar systems.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Riverside is a city in Riverside County, California, United States, located in the Inland Empire metropolitan area.
Robert Strange McNamara (June 9, 1916 – July 6, 2009) was an American business executive and the eighth Secretary of Defense, serving from 1961 to 1968 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
Rockwell International was a major American manufacturing conglomerate in the latter half of the 20th century, involved in aircraft, the space industry, both defense-oriented and commercial electronics, automotive and truck components, printing presses, valves and meters, and industrial automation.
The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Center for Public Affairs is the presidential library and final resting place of Ronald Wilson Reagan, the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989), and his wife Nancy Reagan.
Remotely Operated Video Enhanced Receiver (ROVER) is a system which allows ground forces, such as Forward air controllers (FAC), to see what an aircraft or unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is seeing in real time by receiving images acquired by the aircraft's sensors on a laptop on the ground.
The Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War began in September 2015, after an official request by the Syrian government for military aid against rebel and jihadist groups.
The S-75 (Russian: С-75; NATO reporting name SA-2 Guideline) is a Soviet-designed, high-altitude air defence system, built around a surface-to-air missile with command guidance.
Sacramento McClellan Airport is a privately-owned public-use airport located six miles (10 km) northeast of the central business district of Sacramento (a city in Sacramento County, California, United States).
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.
San Diego (Spanish for 'Saint Didacus') is a major city in California, United States.
San Diego Air & Space Museum (SDASM, formerly the San Diego Aerospace Museum) is an aviation and space exploration museum in San Diego, California, United States.
Santa Rosa (lit. Spanish for "Saint Rose") is a city in and the county seat of Sonoma County, California, United States.
Selfridge Air National Guard Base or Selfridge ANGB is an Air National Guard installation located in Harrison Township, Michigan, near Mount Clemens.
Semi-active radar homing (SARH) is a common type of missile guidance system, perhaps the most common type for longer-range air-to-air and surface-to-air missile systems.
Shah (Šāh, pronounced, "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).
The city of Simi Valley (from the Chumash word, Shimiyi), in the eponymous valley, is in the southeast corner of Ventura County, California, United States, from Downtown Los Angeles, making it part of the Greater Los Angeles Area.
The Southern Museum of Flight is a civilian aviation museum Birmingham, Alabama USA.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Space Coast Regional Airport is located in the city of Titusville, Florida on Columbia Boulevard (State Road 405) and Washington Avenue (U.S. 1) in Brevard County.
A spin is a special category of stall resulting in autorotation about the vertical axis and a shallow, rotating, downward path.
In aeronautics, a spoiler (sometimes called a lift spoiler or lift dumper) is a device intended to intentionally reduce the lift component of an airfoil in a controlled way.
A stall is the slowing or stopping of a process and in the case of an engine refers to a sudden stopping of the engine turning, usually brought about accidentally.
The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, also called the Udvar-Hazy Center, is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM)'s annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in the Chantilly area of Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.
The Sukhoi Su-17 (NATO reporting name: Fitter) is a Soviet variable-sweep wing fighter-bomber developed from the Sukhoi Su-7.
The Sukhoi Su-33 (Сухой Су-33; NATO reporting name: Flanker-D) is an all-weather carrier-based twin-engine air superiority fighter designed by Sukhoi and manufactured by Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association, derived from the Su-27 and initially known as the Su-27K.
The Matra Super 530 is a French short to medium-range air-to-air missile.
Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
The Tactical Airborne Reconnaissance Pod System (TARPS) was a large and sophisticated camera pod carried by the Grumman F-14 Tomcat.
A tailhook, arresting hook, or arrester hook is a device attached to the empennage (rear) of some military fixed-wing aircraft.
Tandem, or in tandem, is an arrangement in which a team of machines, animals or people are lined up one behind another, all facing in the same direction.
The Teen Series is a popular name for a group of US combat aircraft.
Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.
Tehran Times began in 1979 as a foreign-language newspaper to air the voice of the Islamic Revolution.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Texas Air Museum currently has two locations, and one planned future location.
The Final Countdown is a 1980 alternate history science fiction film about a modern aircraft carrier that travels through time to the day before the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Virginian-Pilot is a daily newspaper based in Norfolk, Virginia.
In aeronautics, the thickness-to-chord ratio, sometimes simply chord ratio or thickness ratio, compares the maximum vertical thickness of a wing to its chord.
Thomas Francis Connolly, Jr. (October 24, 1909 – May 24, 1996) was an admiral in the United States Navy, gymnast and Olympic medalist in the 1932 Summer Olympics.
Thrust-to-weight ratio is a dimensionless ratio of thrust to weight of a rocket, jet engine, propeller engine, or a vehicle propelled by such an engine that indicates the performance of the engine or vehicle.
Tillamook Air Museum is an aviation museum south of Tillamook, Oregon in the United States.
The city of Tillamook is the county seat of Tillamook County, Oregon, United States.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
Titusville is a city in and the county seat of Brevard County, Florida, United States.
Top Gun is a 1986 American action drama film directed by Tony Scott, and produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer, in association with Paramount Pictures.
Topeka (Kansa: Tó Pee Kuh) is the capital city of the U.S. state of Kansas and the seat of Shawnee County.
Torrance is a U.S. city in the South Bay (southwestern) region of Los Angeles County, California.
The track while scan (TWS) is a mode of radar operation in which the radar allocates part of its power to tracking the target or targets while part of its power is allocated to scanning, unlike the straight tracking mode, when the radar directs all its power to tracking the acquired targets.
Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona.
Tukwila is a suburban city in King County, Washington, United States.
The Tulsa Air and Space Museum (TASM) is an aerospace museum in Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States.
Tulsa is the second-largest city in the state of Oklahoma and 47th-most populous city in the United States.
The Tupolev Tu-16 (NATO reporting name: Badger) was a twin-engined jet strategic heavy bomber used by the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-22 (NATO reporting name: Blinder) was the first supersonic bomber to enter production in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-22M (Russian: Туполев Ту-22М; NATO reporting name: Backfire) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau.
The Tupolev Tu-95 (Туполев Ту-95; NATO reporting name: "Bear") is a large, four-engine turboprop-powered strategic bomber and missile platform.
A turbine engine failure occurs when a turbine engine in an aircraft unexpectedly stops producing thrust or power production due to a malfunction other than fuel exhaustion, although the term "turbine engine failure" can also apply to failure of any turbine engine, such as ground-based turbines used in power plants, turbine-engined vessels (i.e. CODAG) and vehicles, etc.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
A twinjet or twin-engine jet is a jet aircraft powered by two engines.
The U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama is a museum operated by the government of Alabama, showcasing rockets, achievements, and artifacts of the U.S. space program.
An unguided bomb, also known as a free-fall bomb, gravity bomb, dumb bomb, or iron bomb, is a conventional aircraft-delivered bomb that does not contain a guidance system and hence, simply follows a ballistic trajectory.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Department of the Navy (DoN) was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798 (initiated by the recommendation of James McHenry),Bernard C. Steiner and James McHenry, (Cleveland: Burrows Brothers Co., 1907).
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Naval Academy (also known as USNA, Annapolis, or simply Navy) is a four-year coeducational federal service academy in Annapolis, Maryland.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor program (SFTI program), more popularly known as Topgun or TOPGUN, teaches fighter and strike tactics and techniques to selected Naval Aviators and Naval flight officers, who return to their operating units as surrogate instructors.
The Secretary of the Navy (or SECNAV) is a statutory officer and the head (chief executive officer) of the Department of the Navy, a military department (component organization) within the Department of Defense of the United States of America.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
The USS Hornet Museum is a museum ship in Alameda, California, US.
The USS Midway Museum is a maritime museum located in downtown San Diego, California at Navy Pier.
The Valiant Air Command, Inc.
A variable-sweep wing, colloquially known as a "swing wing", is an airplane wing, or set of wings, that may be swept back and then returned to its original position during flight.
Fighter Squadron 11 or VF-11 was an aviation unit of the United States Navy.
Fighter Squadron 111 (VF-111), also known as the Sundowners, was a fighter squadron of the United States Navy.
Fighter Squadron 114 (VF-114) was a fighter squadron of the United States Navy that was active from 1945 through 1993.
Fighter Squadron 124 or VF-124 Gunfighters was a fleet replacement squadron (FRS) of the United States Navy.
Fighter Squadron 126 (VF-126) was an aggressor squadron of the U.S. Navy.
VF-142 Ghostriders was a US Navy fighter squadron established on 24 August 1948 as VF-193, it was redesignated VF-142 on 15 October 1963, and disestablished on 30 April 1995.
Fighter Squadron 143 or VF-143 was an aviation unit of the United States Navy originally established as a Naval Reserve squadron VF-821 on 20 July 1950, it was redesignated VF-143 on 4 February 1953 and disestablished on 1 April 1958.
Fighter Squadron 191 (VF-191) was an aviation unit of the United States Navy.
Fighter Squadron 194 or VF-194 was a short-lived aviation unit of the United States Navy established on 1 December 1986 and disestablished on 30 April 1988.
Fighter Squadron 202 (VF-202) nicknamed the Superheats was an aviation unit of the United States Naval Reserve initially based at Naval Air Station Dallas, Texas.
Fighter Squadron 21 (VF-21) Freelancers was an aviation unit of the United States Navy.
Fighter Squadron 24 (VF-24), called the Fighting Renegades was a fighter squadron of the United States Navy.
VF-301 Fighter Squadron 301 was an aviation unit of the United States Naval Reserve in service from 1970 to 1994.
Fighter Squadron 302 (VF-302) was an aviation unit of the United States Naval Reserve in service from 1971 to 1994.
Fighter Squadron 33 or VF-33 was an aviation unit of the United States Navy.
VF-51, Fighter Squadron 51 was an aviation unit of the United States Navy known as the "Screaming Eagles".
VF-74, Fighter Squadron 74, Be-Devilers was an aviation unit of the United States Navy in service from 1944 to 1994.
VF-84, Fighter Squadron 84 was an aviation unit of the United States Navy.
Strike Fighter Squadron 101 (VFA-101), also known as the "Grim Reapers", is a United States Navy Fleet Replacement Squadron (FRS) based at Eglin AFB, Florida.
Strike Fighter Squadron 102 (VFA-102) is a United States Navy Strike Fighter squadron based at Naval Air Facility Atsugi.
Strike Fighter Squadron 103 (VFA-103), nicknamed the Jolly Rogers is an aviation unit of the United States Navy established in 1952.
Strike Fighter Squadron 11 (VFA-11) is a United States Navy strike fighter squadron stationed at Naval Air Station Oceana, Virginia, United States.
The Strike Fighter Squadron 14 (VFA-14) "Tophatters" are a United States Navy fighter attack squadron based at Naval Air Station Lemoore.
Strike Fighter Squadron 143 (VFA-143), also known as the "Pukin Dogs," is a United States Navy strike fighter squadron based at Naval Air Station Oceana, Virginia.
Strike Fighter Squadron 154 (VFA-154), also known as the "Black Knights", is a United States Navy strike fighter squadron stationed at Naval Air Station Lemoore.
Strike Fighter Squadron 2 (VFA-2) also known as the "Bounty Hunters" is a United States Navy F/A-18F Super Hornet strike fighter squadron based at Naval Air Station Lemoore, California.
The VFA-201, Strike Fighter Squadron was an aviation unit of the United States Naval Reserve based at Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, Texas (USA).
Strike Fighter Squadron 211 (VFA-211), nicknamed the "Fighting Checkmates", is an aviation unit of the United States Navy established in 1945.
Strike Fighter Squadron 213 (VFA-213) Blacklions is an aviation unit of the United States Navy based at Naval Air Station Oceana, Virginia (USA).
VFA-31 or Strike Fighter Squadron 31 is known as the Tomcatters, callsign "Felix", a United States Navy strike fighter squadron stationed at Naval Air Station Oceana flying the F/A-18E Super Hornet.
Strike Fighter Squadron 32 (VFA-32), nicknamed the "Fighting Swordsmen" are a United States Navy strike fighter squadron presently flying the F/A-18F Super Hornet and based ashore at Naval Air Station Oceana.
Strike Fighter Squadron 41 (VFA-41) also known as the "Black Aces", is a United States Navy strike fighter squadron based at Naval Air Station Lemoore, California, flying the F/A-18F Super Hornet.
VFAX for Naval Fighter Attack Experimental was actually two specifications for two US Naval fighter projects.
Fighter Squadron Composite 111 (VFC-111) Sun Downers is a US Navy Reserve adversary squadron based at Naval Air Station Key West, Florida (USA).
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
The Virginia Aviation Museum was an aviation museum in Richmond, Virginia, adjacent to Richmond International Airport (formerly "Richard Evelyn Byrd Flying Field").
The Vought F-8 Crusader (originally F8U) is a single-engine, supersonic, carrier-based air superiority jet aircraft built by Vought for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, replacing the Vought F7U Cutlass, and for the French Navy.
Air Test and Evaluation Squadron 23 (VX-23) is an aviation unit of the United States Navy based at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland, United States.
Air Test and Evaluation Squadron 30 (AIRTEVRON THREE ZERO or VX-30), nicknamed The Bloodhounds) is a United States Navy air test and evaluation squadron based at Naval Air Station Point Mugu, California. Using the tail code BH, they are the only squadron currently supporting the S-3B Viking platform, as well as flying Lockheed P-3 Orion and the Lockheed C-130 Hercules aircraft, in support of the United States Navy's Sea Test Range, off the shores of central California.
VX-4, Air Test and Evaluation Squadron Four, (AIRTEVRON FOUR), commonly referred to by its nickname, The Evaluators) was a United States Navy air test and evaluation squadron based at Naval Air Station Point Mugu, California. Their tail code was XF, and they flew the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom, Grumman F-14 Tomcat and the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet until their disestablishment in 1994.
Air Test and Evaluation Squadron Nine (AIRTEVRON NINE, VX-9, nicknamed The Vampires) is a United States Navy air test and evaluation squadron based at Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, California.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.
The Western Museum of Flight (WMOF) is an aviation museum located at Zamperini Field, the municipal airport in Torrance, California.
Whitehall Township is a first class township with home rule status in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
Willmar Municipal Airport, also known as John L. Rice Field, is a city owned public use airport located west of the central business district of Willmar, a city in Kandiyohi County, Minnesota, United States.
Willmar is a city in, and the county seat of, Kandiyohi County, Minnesota, United States.
Windsor Locks is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States.
Wings Over Miami is a flying aviation museum of historically significant aircraft, located at Miami Executive Airport in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States, 13 miles (21 km) southwest of the central business district of Miami.
The Wings Over the Rockies Air and Space Museum (WOTR) is located on the former Lowry Air Force Base in Denver, Colorado, United States.
The X band is the designation for a band of frequencies in the microwave radio region of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The Xian H-6 is a licence-built version of the Soviet Tupolev Tu-16 twin-engine jet bomber, built for the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force.
The Yanks Air Museum is a non-profit 501 (c)(3) organization and museum dedicated to exhibiting, preserving and restoring American aircraft and artifacts in order to show the evolution of American aviation, located at Chino Airport in Chino, California.
On 4 January 1989, two United States Navy F-14 Tomcats shot down two Soviet manufactured Libyan MiG-23 Floggers which the Americans believed were attempting to engage them, as had happened eight years prior during the Gulf of Sidra incident, in 1981.
The 20 mm caliber is a specific size of cannon or autocannon ammunition.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 309th Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group (AMARG),.
The 9K32 Strela-2 (Cтрела, "arrow"; NATO reporting name SA-7 Grail) is a man-portable, shoulder-fired, low-altitude surface-to-air missile system (MANPADS) with a high explosive warhead and passive infrared homing guidance.
F 14 Tomcat, F-14, F-14 Tomcat, F-14 Tomcat in Iranian Service, F-14 aircraft, F-14A, F-14A Tomcat, F-14B, F-14B Tomcat, F-14D, F-14s, F14 Tomcat, Grumman F-14, Grumman F-14-01-GR Tomcat, Grumman F-14A (Tomcat), Grumman F-14A Tomcat, Grumman F-14A-110-GR Tomcat, Grumman F-14A-115-GR Tomcat, Grumman F-14A-120-GR Tomcat, Grumman F-14A-135-GR Tomcat, Grumman F-14A-70-GR Tomcat, Grumman F-14A-95-GR Tomcat, Grumman F-14B Tomcat, Grumman F-14B-145-GR Tomcat, Grumman F-14D Tomcat, Grumman F-14D(R), Grumman G-303 Tomcat, Super Tomcat, VFX (aircraft).