291 relations: ABC-CLIO, Actions along the Matanikau, Admiral, Admiralty Islands, Air supremacy, Aircraft carrier, Akinosuke Oka, Alexander Patch, Alexander Vandegrift, Allies of World War II, Alphonse DeCarre, Aoba Detachment (Imperial Japanese Army), Aritomo Gotō, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, Associated Press, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Bataan Death March, Battle 360°, Battle of Buna–Gona, Battle of Edson's Ridge, Battle of Midway, Battle of Milne Bay, Battle of Savo Island, Battle of the Coral Sea, Battle of the Eastern Solomons, Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, Battle of the Tenaru, Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu–Tanambogo, Battleship, Bell P-39 Airacobra, Bismarck Archipelago, Bomber, Bougainville Island, Brigadier general, British Malaya, British Solomon Islands, British Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force, Brown bear, Cactus Air Force, Canister shot, Carleton H. Wright, Chūichi Nagumo, Chester W. Nimitz, Chesty Puller, Chuuk Lagoon, Coastwatchers, Code name, Colony of Fiji, Combined arms, Combined Fleet, ..., Commando, Convoy, Coral Sea, Corps, Crossing the T, Cruiser, Cub-1, Daniel J. Callaghan, Destroyer, Dogfights (TV series), Douglas MacArthur, Douglas SBD Dauntless, DreamWorks, Dutch East Indies, Dysentery, Eighteenth Army (Japan), Emperor of Japan, Empire of Japan, Ernest King, Escort carrier, Espiritu Santo, Europe first, Evans Carlson, Fighter aircraft, Fragmentation (weaponry), Frank Goettge, Frank Jack Fletcher, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fred Espenak, Gavutu, George Marshall, Gerald C. Thomas, Gilbert Islands, Grumman F4F Wildcat, Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal Diary (book), Guadalcanal Diary (film), Guam, Gunichi Mikawa, Hajime Sugiyama, Hanson W. Baldwin, Harukichi Hyakutake, HBO, Helmet for My Pillow, Henderson Field (Guadalcanal), Herman H. Hanneken, Hiroaki Abe, Hirohito, History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Hitoshi Imamura, Hokkaido, Honiara International Airport, Ian W. Toll, Illinois, Imperial General Headquarters, Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Navy, International News Service, Invasion of Tulagi (May 1942), Ira Wolfert, Ironbottom Sound, Isoroku Yamamoto, Jack Coggins, James D. Hornfischer, Japanese aircraft carrier Ryūjō, Japanese aircraft carrier Shōkaku, Japanese aircraft carrier Zuikaku, Japanese archipelago, Japanese cruiser Jintsū, Japanese Eighth Area Army, Jinichi Kusaka, John Hersey, John Marston (USMC), Joichiro Sanada, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Kavieng, Kawaguchi Detachment, Kiyonao Ichiki, Kiyotake Kawaguchi, Kokoda Track campaign, Koreans, Leapfrogging (strategy), Lieutenant general, Life (magazine), Lofton R. Henderson, Lunga Point, Lunga River (Solomon Islands), M1903 Springfield, Major general, Malaria, Marine Aircraft Group 25, Marine Raiders, Martin Clemens, Masanobu Tsuji, Masao Maruyama (Japanese Army officer), Massachusetts, Matanikau River, Materiel, Merritt A. Edson, Midway Atoll, Military intelligence, Military–industrial complex, Millard Harmon, Miyagi Prefecture, Naoki Hoshino, National Guard of the United States, Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, Naval War College, NBC, New Britain, New Caledonia, New Georgia, New Georgia Sound, New Guinea campaign, New Hebrides, New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Nggela Islands, Nishizō Tsukahara, Nobutake Kondō, Nomasu Nakaguma, Non-commissioned officer, Norman Scott (admiral), North American Newspaper Alliance, North Dakota, Occupation of Japan, Operation Cartwheel, Operation FS, Operation Ke, Orochi: Blood, Osami Nagano, Pacific Ocean Areas (command), Pacific Ocean theater of World War II, Pacific War, Paramarines, Patrol boat, Pearl Harbor, Platoon, Port Moresby, President of the United States, Presidential Unit Citation (United States), Pride of the Marines, Protectorate, PT boat, Pulitzer Prize, Rabaul, Raizō Tanaka, Rear admiral, Reconnaissance, Richard Tregaskis, Richmond K. Turner, Robert Hall (National Guard officer), Robert L. Ghormley, Robert Montgomery (actor), Roy Geiger, Russell Islands, Russell R. Waesche, Sadayoshi Yamada, Santa Cruz Islands, Sea lines of communication, Seabee, Seaplane tender, Sendai, Senshi Sōsho, Seppuku, Seven Network, Seventeenth Army (Japan), Shōji Nishimura, Shintarō Hashimoto, Shootout!, Shortland Islands, Shortwave radio, Signals intelligence, Silver Star, Solomon Islands, Solomon Islands campaign, South West Pacific theatre of World War II, Southeast Area Fleet, Special Naval Landing Forces, Submarine, Surrender of Japan, Tadashi Sumiyoshi, Takeo Kurita, Tales of the South Pacific, Tanambogo, Task force, The Gallant Hours, The Japan Times, The Lost Evidence, The New York Times, The Pacific (miniseries), The Thin Red Line (1964 film), The Thin Red Line (1998 film), The Thin Red Line (novel), Tim Van Patten, Time (magazine), Tokyo Express, Torashirō Kawabe, Toshinari Shōji, Tulagi, United Artists, United Press International, United States Army, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Coast Guard, United States Fleet, United States Marine Corps, United States Pacific Fleet, USS George F. 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ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.
The Actions along the Matanikau—sometimes referred to as the Second and Third Battles of the Matanikau—were two separate but related engagements, which took place in the months of September and October 1942, among a series of engagements between the United States and Imperial Japanese naval and ground forces around the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal (island in the south-western Pacific, northeast of Australia) during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.
The Admiralty Islands are an archipelago group of 18 islands in the Bismarck Archipelago, to the north of New Guinea in the South Pacific Ocean.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
was a colonel in the Imperial Japanese Army and a commander of Japanese troops during the strategically significant Guadalcanal campaign in the Pacific theater of World War II.
General Alexander McCarrell "Sandy" Patch (November 23, 1889 – November 21, 1945) was a senior United States Army officer, who fought in both World War I and World War II.
General Alexander Archer Vandegrift, USMC (March 13, 1887 – May 8, 1973) was a general in the United States Marine Corps.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alphonse DeCarre (November 15, 1892 – May 3, 1977) was a highly decorated Major General in the United States Marine Corps.
Aoba Detachment (青葉支隊) was the reinforced 4th Infantry Regiment/IJA 2nd Division, a part of the Seventeenth Army.
was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
is a city in Kamikawa Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
The Bataan Death March (Filipino: Martsa ng Kamatayan sa Bataan; Japanese: バターン死の行進, Hepburn: Batān Shi no Kōshin) was the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war from Saysain Point, Bagac, Bataan and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac, via San Fernando, Pampanga, where the prisoners were loaded onto trains.
Battle 360°, also written as Battle 360, is an American documentary television series that originally aired from February 29 to May 2, 2008 on History.
The Battle of Buna–Gona was part of the New Guinea campaign in the Pacific Theatre during World War II.
The Battle of Edson's Ridge, also known as the Battle of the Bloody Ridge, Battle of Raiders Ridge, and Battle of the Ridge, was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II between Imperial Japanese Army and Allied (mainly United States Marine Corps) ground forces.
The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.
The Battle of Milne Bay (25 August – 7 September 1942), also known as Operation RE or the Battle of Rabi (ラビの戦い) by the Japanese, was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II.
The Battle of Savo Island, also known as the First Battle of Savo Island and, in Japanese sources, as the, and colloquially among Allied Guadalcanal veterans as The Battle of the Five Sitting Ducks, was a naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and Allied naval forces.
The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4 to 8 May 1942, was a major naval battle between the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia, taking place in the Pacific Theatre of World War II.
The naval Battle of the Eastern Solomons (also known as the Battle of the Stewart Islands and, in Japanese sources, as the Second Battle of the Solomon Sea), took place on 24–25 August 1942, and was the third carrier battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II and the second major engagement fought between the United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
The Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, fought during 25–27 October 1942, sometimes referred to as the Battle of Santa Cruz or in Japan as the (Minamitaiheiyō kaisen), was the fourth carrier battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II.
The Battle of the Tenaru, sometimes called the Battle of the Ilu River or the Battle of Alligator Creek, was a land battle between the Imperial Japanese Army and Allied ground forces that took place on August 21, 1942 on the island of Guadalcanal during the Pacific campaign of World War II.
The Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu–Tanambogo was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, between the forces of the Imperial Japanese Navy and Allied (mainly United States (U.S.) Marine) ground forces.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
The Bell P-39 Airacobra was one of the principal American fighter aircraft in service when the United States entered World War II.
The Bismarck Archipelago is a group of islands off the northeastern coast of New Guinea in the western Pacific Ocean and is part of the Islands Region of Papua New Guinea.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
British Solomon Islands Protectorate was first declared over the southern Solomons in 1893, when Captain Gibson R.N., of, declared the southern islands a British Protectorate.
The British Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force (BSIPDF) was the British colonial military force of the British Solomon Islands Protectorate (1889–1978).
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a bear that is found across much of northern Eurasia and North America.
Cactus Air Force refers to the ensemble of Allied air power assigned to the island of Guadalcanal from August 1942 until December 1942 during the early stages of the Guadalcanal Campaign, particularly those operating from Henderson Field.
Canister shot is a kind of anti-personnel ammunition used in cannons.
Carleton Herbert Wright (June 2, 1892 – June 27, 1973) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy (USN).
was a Japanese admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during World War II and onetime commander of the Kido Butai (the carrier battle group).
Chester William Nimitz, Sr. (February 24, 1885February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy.
Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller (June 26, 1898 – October 11, 1971) was a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general who, early in his military career, fought guerrillas in Haiti and Nicaragua.
Chuuk Lagoon, also previously known as Truk Lagoon, is a sheltered body of water in the central Pacific.
The Coastwatchers, also known as the Coast Watch Organisation, Combined Field Intelligence Service or Section C, Allied Intelligence Bureau, were Allied military intelligence operatives stationed on remote Pacific islands during World War II to observe enemy movements and rescue stranded Allied personnel.
A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used, sometimes clandestinely, to refer to another name, word, project or person.
The Colony of Fiji was a British crown colony that existed from 1874 to 1970 in the territory of the present-day nation of Fiji.
Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different combat arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects (for example, using infantry and armor in an urban environment, where one supports the other, or both support each other).
was the main ocean-going component of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
A convoy is a group of vehicles, typically motor vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection.
The Coral Sea is a marginal sea of the South Pacific off the northeast coast of Australia, and classified as an interim Australian bioregion.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
Crossing the T or capping the T is a classic naval warfare tactic used from the late 19th to mid 20th centuries, in which a line of warships crosses in front of a line of enemy ships, allowing the crossing line to bring all their guns to bear while receiving fire from only the forward guns of the enemy.
A cruiser is a type of warship.
Cub-1 was a code name for a medium-sized military division of an Advance Base Aviation Training Unit.
Daniel Judson Callaghan (July 26, 1890 – November 13, 1942) was a United States Navy officer who received the Medal of Honor posthumously for his actions during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
Dogfights is a military aviation themed TV series depicting historical re-enactments of air-to-air combat that took place in World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, as well as smaller conflicts such as the Gulf War and the Six-Day War.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was a World War II American naval scout plane and dive bomber that was manufactured by Douglas Aircraft from 1940 through 1944.
DreamWorks Pictures (also known as DreamWorks SKG or DreamWorks Studios, commonly referred to as DreamWorks) is an American film production label of Amblin Partners.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
Dysentery is an inflammatory disease of the intestine, especially of the colon, which always results in severe diarrhea and abdominal pains.
The was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Ernest Joseph King (23 November 1878 – 25 June 1956) was Commander in Chief, United States Fleet (COMINCH) and Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) during World War II.
The escort carrier or escort aircraft carrier (US hull classification symbol CVE), also called a "jeep carrier" or "baby flattop" in the United States Navy (USN) or "Woolworth Carrier" by the Royal Navy, was a small and slow type of aircraft carrier used by the Royal Navy, the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army Air Force, and the United States Navy in World War II.
Espiritu Santo is the largest island in the nation of Vanuatu, with an area of and a population of around 40,000 according to the 2009 census.
Europe first, also known as Germany first, was the key element of the grand strategy agreed upon by the United States and the United Kingdom during World War II.
Evans Fordyce Carlson (26 February 1896 – 27 May 1947) was a decorated and retired United States Marine Corps general officer who was the legendary leader of "Carlson's Raiders", during World War II crediting him as the forefather of one of America's first U.S. special operations forces.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Fragmentation is the process by which the casing of an artillery or mortar shell, rocket, missile, bomb, grenade, etc.
Frank Bryan Goettge (30 December 1895 – 12 August 1942) was a United States Marine Corps intelligence officer in World War II.
Frank Jack Fletcher (April 29, 1885 – April 25, 1973) was an admiral in the United States Navy during World War II.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Fred Espenak (born 1953) is a retired emeritus American astrophysicist.
Gavutu is a small islet in the Central Province of the Solomon Islands, some in length.
George Catlett Marshall Jr. (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American statesman and soldier.
Gerald Carthrae Thomas (October 29, 1894 – April 7, 1984) was a United States Marine Corps general who served as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps.
The Gilbert Islands (Tungaru;Reilly Ridgell. Pacific Nations and Territories: The Islands of Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia. 3rd. Ed. Honolulu: Bess Press, 1995. p. 95. formerly Kingsmill or King's-Mill IslandsVery often, this name applied only to the southern islands of the archipelago, the northern half being designated as the Scarborough Islands. Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam Webster, 1997. p. 594) are a chain of sixteen atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean about halfway between Papua New Guinea and Hawaii.
The Grumman F4F Wildcat is an American carrier-based fighter aircraft that began service with both the United States Navy and the British Royal Navy in 1940, where it was initially known by the latter as the Martlet.
Guadalcanal (indigenous name: Isatabu) is the principal island in Guadalcanal Province of the nation of Solomon Islands, located in the south-western Pacific, northeast of Australia.
Guadalcanal Diary is a memoir written by war correspondent Richard Tregaskis and first published by Random House on January 1, 1943.
Guadalcanal Diary is a 1943 World War II war film directed by Lewis Seiler, featuring Preston Foster, Lloyd Nolan, William Bendix, Richard Conte, Anthony Quinn and the film debut of Richard Jaeckel.
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
was a vice-admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during World War II.
was a Japanese field marshal who served as successively as chief of the Army General Staff, and minister of war in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II between 1937 and 1944.
Hanson Weightman Baldwin (March 22, 1903 – November 13, 1991) was the long-time military editor of the New York Times.
was a general in the Japanese Imperial Army in World War II.
Home Box Office (HBO) is an American premium cable and satellite television network of Home Box Office, Inc..
Helmet for My Pillow is the personal narrative written by World War II United States Marine Corps veteran, author, and military historian Robert Leckie.
Henderson Field is a former military airfield on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands during World War II.
Herman Henry Hanneken (June 23, 1893 – August 23, 1986) was a United States Marine Corps officer and a recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor.
was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 25 December 1926, until his death on 7 January 1989.
The History of United States Naval Operations in World War II is a 15-volume account of the United States Navy in World War II, written by Samuel Eliot Morison and published by Little, Brown and Company between 1947 and 1962.
was a general who served in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.
Honiara International Airport, formerly known as Henderson Field, is an airport on Guadalcanal Island in the Solomon Islands.
Ian W. Toll (born 1967) is an American author and military historian.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The was part of the Supreme War Council and was established in 1893 to coordinate efforts between the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during wartime.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
The International News Service (INS) was a U.S.-based news agency (newswire) founded by newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst in 1909.
The invasion of Tulagi, on 3–4 May 1942, was part of Operation ''Mo'', the Empire of Japan's strategy in the South Pacific and South West Pacific Area in 1942.
Ira Wolfert (November 1, 1908 – November 24, 1997) was an American Pulitzer Prize-winning war correspondent and writer.
"Ironbottom Sound" (alternatively Iron Bottom Sound or Ironbottomed Sound or Iron Bottom Bay) is the name given by Allied sailors to the stretch of water at the southern end of The Slot between Guadalcanal, Savo Island, and Florida Island of the Solomon Islands, because of the dozens of ships and planes that sank there during the Battle of Guadalcanal in 1942–43.
was a Japanese Marshal Admiral of the Navy and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II until his death.
Jack Banham Coggins (July 10, 1911 – January 30, 2006) was an artist, author, and illustrator.
James D. Hornfischer (born 1965 in Massachusetts) is an American literary agent and naval historian.
Ryūjō ("Prancing Dragon") was a light aircraft carrier built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the early 1930s.
Shōkaku (翔鶴, "Soaring Crane") was an aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy, the lead ship of her class.
Zuikaku (Japanese: 瑞鶴 "Auspicious Crane") was a of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Her complement of aircraft took part in the attack on Pearl Harbor that formally brought the United States into the Pacific War, and she fought in several of the most important naval battles of the war, before being sunk during the Battle of Leyte Gulf. www.history.navy.mil One of six carriers to participate in the Pearl Harbor attack, Zuikaku was the last of the six to be sunk in the war (four in the Battle of Midway and Shōkaku in the Battle of the Philippine Sea).
The is the group of islands that forms the country of Japan, and extends roughly from northeast to southwest along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia mainland, washing upon the northwestern shores of the Pacific Ocean.
was the second vessel completed in the three-ship light cruiser in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), named after the Jinzū River in the Gifu and Toyama prefectures of central Japan.
The was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
, was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
John Richard Hersey (June 17, 1914 – March 24, 1993) was an American writer and journalist.
John Marston VI (August 3, 1884 – November 25, 1957) was a United States Marine Corps major general, who is most noted as being the commanding general of the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade during the Occupation of Iceland and commanding general of the 2nd Marine Division at Guadalcanal during World War II.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.
The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a body of senior uniformed leaders in the United States Department of Defense who advise the President of the United States, the Secretary of Defense, the Homeland Security Council and the National Security Council on military matters.
Kavieng is the capital of the Papua New Guinean province of New Ireland and the largest town on the island of the same name.
The Kawaguchi Detachment was an Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) formation that existed during World War II.
was an officer in the Japanese Imperial Army in World War II.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
The Kokoda Track campaign or Kokoda Trail campaign was part of the Pacific War of World War II.
Koreans (in South Korean; alternatively in North Korean,; see names of Korea) are an East Asian ethnic group originating from and native to Korea and southern and central Manchuria.
Leapfrogging, also known as island hopping, was a military strategy employed by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan and the Axis powers during World War II.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
Lofton Russell Henderson (May 24, 1903 – June 4, 1942) was a United States Marine Corps aviator during World War II.
Lunga Point is a promontory on the northern coast of Guadalcanal, the site of a naval battle during World War II.
The Lunga River is a river on the northern coast of Guadalcanal near Lunga Point with a tributary at Savo Sound (called Sealark Sound prior to World War II).
The M1903 Springfield, formally the United States Rifle, Caliber.30-06, Model 1903, is an American five-round magazine fed, bolt-action service repeating rifle, used primarily during the first half of the 20th century.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Marine Air Group (MAG) 25 was a United States Marine Corps combat air transport group that provided logistical support, including cargo and personnel transport and aeromedical evacuation, to forward units during World War II and the Korean War.
The Marine Raiders were elite units established by the United States Marine Corps during World War II to conduct special amphibious light infantry warfare, particularly in landing in rubber boats and operating behind the lines.
Major Warren Frederick Martin Clemens (17 April 1915 – 31 May 2009) was a British colonial administrator and soldier.
was a Japanese army officer and politician.
, was a Lieutenant General and commander in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Matanikau River of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, is located in the northwest part of the island.
Materiel, more commonly matériel in US English and also listed as the only spelling in some UK dictionaries (both pronounced, from French matériel meaning equipment or hardware), refers to military technology and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management.
Major General Merritt Austin Edson (April 25, 1897 – August 14, 1955), known as "Red Mike", was a general in the United States Marine Corps.
Midway Atoll (also called Midway Island and Midway Islands; Hawaiian: Pihemanu Kauihelani) is a atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at.
Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions.
The military–industrial complex (MIC) is an informal alliance between a nation's military and the defense industry which supplies it, seen together as a vested interest which influences public policy.
Millard Fillmore Harmon Jr. (January 19, 1888 – February 26, 1945) was a lieutenant general in the United States Army Air Forces during the Pacific campaign in World War II.
is a prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan.
was a bureaucrat and politician who served in the Taishō and early Shōwa period Japanese government, and as an official in the Empire of Manchukuo.
The National Guard of the United States, part of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces, is a reserve military force, composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations.
The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, sometimes referred to as the Third and Fourth Battles of Savo Island, the Battle of the Solomons, the Battle of Friday the 13th, or, in Japanese sources, the, took place from 12–15 November 1942, and was the decisive engagement in a series of naval battles between Allied (primarily American) and Imperial Japanese forces during the months-long Guadalcanal Campaign in the Solomon Islands during World War II.
The Naval War College (NWC or NAVWARCOL) is the staff college and "Home of Thought" for the United States Navy at Naval Station Newport in Newport, Rhode Island.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
New Britain (Niu Briten) is the largest island in the Bismarck Archipelago (named after Otto von Bismarck) of Papua New Guinea.
New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie)Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the official French name is now only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV — see). The French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.
New Georgia is the largest island of the Western Province of the Solomon Islands.
New Georgia Sound is the sound in the New Georgia Islands region that runs approximately southeast/northwest through the middle of the Solomon Islands in the Southern Pacific Ocean and Melanesia.
The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945.
New Hebrides, officially the New Hebrides Condominium (Condominium des Nouvelles-Hébrides, "Condominium of the New Hebrides") and named for the Hebrides Scottish archipelago, was the colonial name for the island group in the South Pacific Ocean that is now Vanuatu.
The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was the title of the military forces sent from New Zealand to fight alongside other British Empire and Dominion troops during World War I (1914–1918) and World War II (1939–1945).
The Nggela Islands, also known as the Florida Islands, are a small island group in the Central Province of Solomon Islands, a sovereign state (since 1978) in the southwest Pacific Ocean.
, was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
, was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
Nomasu Nakaguma, also known as Naomasa or Tadamasu Nakaguma, was a colonel and a commander in the Imperial Japanese Army during the Pacific campaign in World War II.
A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.
Norman (Nicholas) Scott (August 10, 1889 – November 13, 1942) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy, and was one of only two U.S. Navy admirals killed in action during a surface battle in World War II.
The North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA) was a large newspaper syndicate that flourished between 1922 and 1980.
North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth.
Operation Cartwheel (1943–1944) was a major military operation for the Allies in the Pacific theatre of World War II.
Operation FS was the name of the Imperial Japanese plan to invade and occupy Fiji, Samoa, and New Caledonia in the south Pacific during the Pacific conflict of World War II.
was the largely successful withdrawal of Japanese forces from Guadalcanal, concluding the Guadalcanal Campaign of World War II.
is a Japanese manga written and illustrated by Kazuo Umezu.
was a Japanese career naval officer and Admiral of the Fleet in the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1943.
Pacific Ocean Areas was a major Allied military command in the Pacific Ocean theater of World War II.
The Pacific Ocean theater, during World War II, was a major theater of the war between the Allies and the Empire of Japan.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
The Paramarines (also known as Marine paratroopers) was a short-lived specialized combat unit of the United States Marine Corps, trained to be dropped from planes by parachute.
A patrol boat is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defence duties.
Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu.
A platoon is a military unit typically composed of two or more squads/sections/patrols.
(Tok Pisin: Pot Mosbi), also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea and the largest city in the South Pacific outside of Australia and New Zealand.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Presidential Unit Citation (PUC), originally called the Distinguished Unit Citation, is awarded to units of the Uniformed services of the United States, and those of allied countries, for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941 (the date of the Attack on Pearl Harbor and the start of American involvement in World War II).
Pride of the Marines is a 1945 American biographical war film starring John Garfield and Eleanor Parker.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.
A PT boat (short for Patrol Torpedo boat) was a torpedo-armed fast attack craft used by the United States Navy in World War II.
The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.
Rabaul is a township in East New Britain province, on the island of New Britain, in the country of Papua New Guinea.
was a rear admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during most of World War II.
Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore (U.S equivalent of Commander) and captain, and below that of a vice admiral.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
Richard William Tregaskis (November 28, 1916 – August 15, 1973) was an American journalist and author whose best-known work is Guadalcanal Diary (1943), an account of just the first several weeks (in August - September 1942) of the U.S. Marine Corps invasion of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands during World War II.
Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner (May 27, 1885 – February 12, 1961), commonly known as Admiral Kelly Turner, served in the United States Navy during World War II, and is best known for commanding the Amphibious Force during the campaign across the Pacific.
Robert Kerr Hall was an officer in the United States North Dakota Army National Guard.
Vice Admiral Robert Lee Ghormley (15 October 1883 – 21 June 1958) was an admiral in the United States Navy, serving as Commander, South Pacific Area, during the Second World War.
Robert Montgomery (born Henry Montgomery Jr.; May 21, 1904 – September 27, 1981) was an American film and television actor, director, and producer.
General Roy Stanley Geiger (January 25, 1885 – January 23, 1947) was a United States Marine Corps four-star general who served in World War I and World War II.
The Russell Islands are two small islands (Pavuvu and Mbanika), as well as several islets, of volcanic origin, in the Central Province of Solomon Islands.
Russell Randolph Waesche, Sr. (6 January 1886 – 17 October 1946) served as the eighth Commandant of the United States Coast Guard from 1936 to 1946, overseeing the service during World War II.
was a Vice Admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
The Santa Cruz Islands are a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, part of Temotu Province of the Solomon Islands.
Sea lines of communication (abbreviated as SLOC) is a term describing the primary maritime routes between ports, used for trade, logistics and naval forces.
United States Naval Construction Battalions, better known as the Seabees, form the Naval Construction Force (NCF) of the United States Navy.
A seaplane tender is a boat or ship that supports the operation of seaplanes.
is the capital city of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, the largest city in the Tōhoku region, and the second largest city north of Tokyo.
The, also called the, is the official military history of Imperial Japan's involvement in the Pacific War from 1937 to 1945.
Seppuku (切腹, "cutting belly"), sometimes referred to as harakiri (腹切り, "abdomen/belly cutting", a native Japanese kun reading), is a form of Japanese ritual suicide by disembowelment.
The Seven Network (commonly known as Channel Seven or simply Seven) is a major Australian commercial free-to-air television network.
The was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
, was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
Shootout! was a documentary series featured on The History Channel and ran for two seasons from 2005 to 2006.
The Shortland Islands are group of islands belonging to the Western Province of the Solomon Islands, at.
Shortwave radio is radio transmission using shortwave radio frequencies.
Signals intelligence (SIGINT) is intelligence-gathering by interception of signals, whether communications between people (communications intelligence—abbreviated to COMINT) or from electronic signals not directly used in communication (electronic intelligence—abbreviated to ELINT).
The Silver Star Medal, unofficially the Silver Star, is the United States Armed Forces's third-highest personal decoration for valor in combat.
Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of.
The Solomon Islands campaign was a major campaign of the Pacific War of World War II.
The South West Pacific theatre, during World War II, was a major theatre of the war between the Allies and the Empire of Japan.
The was a fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy established during World War II.
The Special Naval Landing Forces (SNLF), (海軍特別陸戦隊 Kaigun Tokubetsu Rikusentai) were the marine troops of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and were a part of the IJN Land Forces.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.
was a major general in the Imperial Japanese Army during the Pacific campaign in World War II.
was a vice admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
Tales of the South Pacific is a Pulitzer Prize-winning collection of sequentially related short stories by James A. Michener about the Pacific campaign in World War II.
Tanambogo is an islet in the Central Province of the Solomon Islands.
A task force (TF) is a unit or formation established to work on a single defined task or activity.
The Gallant Hours is an American docudrama from 1960 about William F. Halsey, Jr. and his efforts in fighting against Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto and the Imperial Japanese Navy in the Guadalcanal campaign of World War II.
The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.
The Lost Evidence is a television program on The History Channel which uses three-dimensional landscapes, reconnaissance photos, eyewitness testimony and documents to reevaluate and recreate key battles of World War II.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Pacific is a 2010 American television series produced by HBO, Playtone, and DreamWorks that premiered in the United States on March 14, 2010.
The Thin Red Line is a 1964 Cinemascope film based on James Jones's 1962 novel of the same name.
The Thin Red Line is a 1998 American epic war film written and directed by Terrence Malick. Based on the novel by James Jones, it tells a fictionalized version of the Battle of Mount Austen, which was part of the Guadalcanal Campaign in the Pacific Theater of World War II. It portrays soldiers of C Company, 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division, played by Sean Penn, Jim Caviezel, Nick Nolte, Elias Koteas and Ben Chaplin. The film's title comes from the novel, which was named referencing a line from Rudyard Kipling's poem "Tommy", from Barrack-Room Ballads, in which he calls foot soldiers "the thin red line of heroes", referring to the stand of the 93rd Regiment in the Battle of Balaclava of the Crimean War. The film marked Malick's return to filmmaking after a 20-year absence. It co-stars Nick Nolte, Adrien Brody, George Clooney, John Cusack, Woody Harrelson, Elias Koteas, Jared Leto, John C. Reilly, and John Travolta. Reportedly, the first assembled cut took seven months to edit and ran five hours. By the final cut, footage of performances by Bill Pullman, Lukas Haas, and Mickey Rourke had been removed (although one of Rourke's scenes was included in the special features outtakes of the Criterion Blu-ray and DVD release). The film was scored by Hans Zimmer, and shot by John Toll. Principal photography took place in the Australian state of Queensland and in the Solomon Islands. The film grossed $98 million against its $52 million budget. Critical response was generally positive, and the film was nominated for seven Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published, Best Cinematography, Best Film Editing, Best Original Dramatic Score and Best Sound. It won the Golden Bear at the 1999 Berlin International Film Festival. Martin Scorsese ranked it as his second-favorite film of the 1990s. On At the Movies, Gene Siskel called it "the greatest contemporary war film I've seen". A previous film adaptation of the novel was released in 1964.
The Thin Red Line is American author James Jones's fourth novel.
Timothy Van Patten (born June 10, 1959) is an American television director, actor, screenwriter, and producer.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
The Tokyo Express was the name given by Allied forces to the use of Imperial Japanese Navy ships at night to deliver personnel, supplies, and equipment to Japanese forces operating in and around New Guinea and the Solomon Islands during the Pacific campaign of World War II.
was a general and Deputy Chief of Staff of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff during World War II.
was a major general in the Imperial Japanese Army during the Pacific campaign in World War II.
Tulagi, less commonly known as Tulaghi, is a small island (5.5 km by 1 km) in Solomon Islands, just off the south coast of Ngella Sule.
United Artists (UA) is an American film and television entertainment studio.
United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.
The United States Fleet was an organization in the United States Navy from 1922 until after World War II.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Pacific Fleet (USPACFLT) is a Pacific Ocean theater-level component command of the United States Navy that provides naval forces to the United States Indo-Pacific Command.
USS George F. Elliott (AP-13) was a transport acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War I and then reacquired by the Navy for service as a troop carrier during World War II.
Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal.
Admiral Sir Victor Alexander Charles Crutchley (2 November 1893 – 24 January 1986) was a senior Royal Navy officer during the Second World War and a First World War recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Vivisection is surgery conducted for experimental purposes on a living organism, typically animals with a central nervous system, to view living internal structure.
Wake Island (also known as Wake Atoll) is a coral atoll in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, east of Guam, west of Honolulu and southeast of Tokyo.
Fleet Admiral William Frederick Halsey Jr., KBE (October 30, 1882 – August 16, 1959),"Halsey", ArlingtonCemetery.net.
Willis Augustus "Ching" Lee Jr. (May 11, 1888 – August 25, 1945) was a vice admiral of the United States Navy during World War II.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XIV Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army, originally constituted on 1 October 1933 in the Organized Reserves.
Yank, the Army Weekly was a weekly magazine published by the United States military during World War II.
was a major general and a division commander in the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) during World War II.
The 11th Marine Regiment is an artillery regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.
The 147th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Ohio Army National Guard.
The 164th Infantry Regiment, an activated regiment of the North Dakota Army National Guard, was the first United States Army unit on Guadalcanal.
The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.
1st Battalion, 2nd Marines (1/2) (pronounced "one-two") is an Infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps based out of Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, consisting of approximately 900 Marines and sailors.
1st Battalion, 5th Marines (1/5) is an infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps based out of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California consisting of approximately 800 Marines and sailors.
The 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (1/7) is an infantry battalion of the United States Marine Corps.
The 1st Marine Aircraft Wing is an aviation unit of the United States Marine Corps that serves as the Aviation Combat Element of the III Marine Expeditionary Force.
The 1st Marine Division (1st MARDIV) is a Marine infantry division of the United States Marine Corps headquartered at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.
The 23rd Infantry Division, more commonly known as the Americal Division, of the United States Army was activated 27 May 1942 on the island of New Caledonia.
The 25th Infantry Division (nicknamed "Tropic Lightning") is a United States Army division based at Schofield Barracks in Hawaii.
The was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army.
The U.S. 2nd Marine Division (2nd MARDIV) is a division of the United States Marine Corps, which forms the ground combat element of the II Marine Expeditionary Force (II MEF).
The 2nd Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps.
The 37 mm Gun M3 is the first dedicated anti-tank gun fielded by United States forces in numbers.
The 37th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II.
The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army, activated 30 June 1939 in Nagoya, simultaneously with the 39th, 40th and 41st Divisions.
3rd Battalion, 2nd Marines (3/2) is an infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps based out of Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.
The 4th Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment in the Imperial Japanese Army.
The 5th Marine Regiment (also referred to as "5th Marines") is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.
was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army.
The 7th Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, California.
The was a fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) established during World War II.
Assault of Guadalcanal, Battle of Guadalcanal, Battle of guadalcanal, Goettge Patrol, Guadalcanal campaign, Hallelujah night, Invasion of Guadalcanal, Landings at Guadalcanal, Operation Watchtower, The Battle Of Guadalcanal, The Battle of Guadalcanal, World War II/Guadalcanal.