147 relations: Adam Smith, Advogato, American Dental Association, American Medical Association, Apprenticeship, Artisan, Étienne Boileau, Bar association, Barber, Barcelona, Bordeaux, Business development, Capitalism, Cartel, Catholic Church, Catholic Police Guild, Chamber of commerce, Champagne (province), Chantilly, Oise, Cinema of the United States, City and Guilds of London Art School, City and Guilds of London Institute, City of London, City of London Corporation, Classical economics, Cohong, Commodity money, Company of Merchant Adventurers of London, Company of Merchant Adventurers to New Lands, Competition law, Confraternity, Consultant, Copyright, Corporation, Directors Guild of America, DreamWorks, Early Middle Ages, Economies of scale, Egalitarian community, Ethical code, Europe, Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Feudalism, Florence, France, Free market, Free software movement, Free trade, Freedom of the City, Freemasonry, ..., French Revolution, Germania (guild), Germany, Ghent, Gregory of Tours, Guild of Saint Luke, Guild of St. Bernulphus, Guild socialism, Guildhall, Guildhall, London, Hanseatic League, High Middle Ages, Hincmar, History of ideas, Holland, Imperial College London, Innovation, Instructional capital, Insurance, Intellectual capital, Intellectual property, Jāti, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John, Duke of Berry, Journeyman, Journeyman years, Karl Marx, Lace, Laissez-faire, Le Chapelier Law 1791, Legal liability, Letters patent, List of guilds in the United Kingdom, Livery company, Lord mayor, Louis IX of France, Master craftsman, Masterpiece, Mercantilism, Merchant, Microsoft, Middle Ages, Monarch, Money, Monopoly, National Association of Realtors, NewsGuild-CWA, Norman conquest of England, Odd Fellows, Paris, Patent, Patrician (post-Roman Europe), Piece work, Political economy, Preston, Lancashire, Privilege (law), Profession, Professional association, Putting-out system, Real estate broker, Religious order, Remembrancer, Rent-seeking, Retail, Ritual, Screen Actors Guild, Secret society, Sheilagh Ogilvie, Shoemaking, Shreni, Slavs, State (polity), Steven Spielberg, Technology transfer, Telecommuting, The Communist Manifesto, The Pharmacy Guild of Australia, The Wealth of Nations, Thomas W. Malone, Trade guilds of South India, Trade secret, Trade union, Trademark, United States, University, University of Bologna, University of Oxford, University of Paris, Urbanization, Utrecht, Wends, West Francia, Worshipful Company of Tax Advisers, Writers Guild of America West, Writers Guild of America, East, Yule, Za (guilds). Expand index (97 more) » « Shrink index
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
Advogato was an online community and social networking site dedicated to free software development, and was created by Raph Levien.
The American Dental Association (ADA) is an American professional association established in 1859 which has more than 155,000 members.
The American Medical Association (AMA), founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1897, is the largest association of physicians—both MDs and DOs—and medical students in the United States.
An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading).
An artisan (from artisan, artigiano) is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional or strictly decorative, for example furniture, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing, jewellery, food items, household items and tools or even mechanisms such as the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker.
Étienne Boileau (1200 or 1210 – April 1270) was one of the first known provosts of Paris.
A bar association is a professional association of lawyers.
A barber (from the Latin barba, "beard") is a person whose occupation is mainly to cut, dress, groom, style and shave men’s and boys' hair.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Business development entails tasks and processes to develop and implement growth opportunities within and between organizations.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
A cartel is a group of apparently independent producers whose goal is to increase their collective profits by means of price fixing, limiting supply, or other restrictive practices.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Police Guild (CPG) of England & Wales was founded in 1914 as the Metropolitan and City Catholic Police Guild.
A chamber of commerce (or board of trade) is a form of business network, for example, a local organization of businesses whose goal is to further the interests of businesses.
Champagne is a historical province in the northeast of France, now best known as the Champagne wine region for the sparkling white wine that bears its name.
Chantilly is a commune in the Oise department in the valley of the Nonette in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.
Founded in 1854 as the Lambeth School of Art, the City and Guilds of London Art School is a small specialist art college located in central London, England.
The City and Guilds of London Institute is an educational organisation in the United Kingdom.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
The City of London Corporation, officially and legally the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London, is the municipal governing body of the City of London, the historic centre of London and the location of much of the UK's financial sector.
Classical economics or classical political economy (also known as liberal economics) is a school of thought in economics that flourished, primarily in Britain, in the late 18th and early-to-mid 19th century.
The Cohong, sometimes spelled kehang or gonghang, was a guild of Chinese merchants or ''hongs'' who operated the import-export monopoly in Canton (now Guangzhou) during the Qing dynasty (16441911).
Commodity money is money whose value comes from a commodity of which it is made.
The Company of Merchant Adventurers of London brought together London's leading overseas merchants in a regulated company in the early 15th century, in the nature of a guild.
The Company of Merchant Adventurers to New Lands was an early joint stock association, which began with private exploration and enterprise, and was to have been incorporated by King Edward VI in 1553, but received its full Royal Charter in 1555.
Competition law is a law that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies.
A confraternity (Spanish: Cofradía) is generally a Christian voluntary association of lay people created for the purpose of promoting special works of Christian charity or piety, and approved by the Church hierarchy.
A consultant (from consultare "to deliberate") is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area such as security (electronic or physical), management, education, accountancy, law, human resources, marketing (and public relations), finance, engineering, science or any of many other specialized fields.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
The Directors Guild of America (DGA) is an entertainment guild which represents the interests of film and television directors in the United States motion picture industry and abroad.
DreamWorks Pictures (also known as DreamWorks SKG or DreamWorks Studios, commonly referred to as DreamWorks) is an American film production label of Amblin Partners.
The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.
In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.
Egalitarian communities are groups of people who have chosen to live together, with egalitarianism as one of their core values.
Ethical codes are adopted by organizations to assist members in understanding the difference between 'right' and 'wrong' and in applying that understanding to their decisions.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
In economics, a free market is an idealized system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.
The free software movement (FSM) or free / open source software movement (FOSSM) or free / libre open source software (FLOSS) is a social movement with the goal of obtaining and guaranteeing certain freedoms for software users, namely the freedom to run the software, to study and change the software, and to redistribute copies with or without changes.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
The Freedom of the City is an honour bestowed by a municipality upon a valued member of the community, or upon a visiting celebrity or dignitary.
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
Germanies (in Catalan; literally "brotherhoods") were guilds of artisans in the Kingdom of Valencia in Spain.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Saint Gregory of Tours (30 November c. 538 – 17 November 594) was a Gallo-Roman historian and Bishop of Tours, which made him a leading prelate of the area that had been previously referred to as Gaul by the Romans. He was born Georgius Florentius and later added the name Gregorius in honour of his maternal great-grandfather. He is the primary contemporary source for Merovingian history. His most notable work was his Decem Libri Historiarum (Ten Books of Histories), better known as the Historia Francorum (History of the Franks), a title that later chroniclers gave to it, but he is also known for his accounts of the miracles of saints, especially four books of the miracles of St. Martin of Tours. St. Martin's tomb was a major pilgrimage destination in the 6th century, and St. Gregory's writings had the practical effect of promoting this highly organized devotion.
The Guild of Saint Luke was the most common name for a city guild for painters and other artists in early modern Europe, especially in the Low Countries.
Guild socialism is a political movement advocating workers' control of industry through the medium of trade-related guilds "in an implied contractual relationship with the public".
A guildhall is either a town hall, or a building historically used by guilds for meetings and other purposes, in which sense it can also be spelled as "guild hall" and may also be called a "guild house".
Guildhall is a Grade I-listed building in the City of London, England.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 AD and lasted until around 1250 AD.
Hincmar (806 – 21 December 882), archbishop of Reims, was the friend, advisor and propagandist of Charles the Bald.
The history of ideas is a field of research in history that deals with the expression, preservation, and change of human ideas over time.
Holland is a region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands.
Imperial College London (officially Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom.
Innovation can be defined simply as a "new idea, device or method".
Instructional capital is a term used in educational administration after the 1960s, to reflect capital resulting from investment in producing learning materials.
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
Intellectual capital is the intangible value of a business, covering its people (human capital), the value inherent in its relationships (Relational capital), and everything that is left when the employees go home (Structural capital), of which Intellectual property (IP) is but one component.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
Jāti (in Devanagari: जाति, Bengali: জাতি, Telugu:జాతి, Kannada:ಜಾತಿ, Malayalam: ജാതി, Tamil:ஜாதி, literally "birth") is a group of clans, tribes, communities and sub-communities, and religions in India.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.
John of Berry or John the Magnificent (French: Jean de Berry; 30 November 1340 – 15 June 1416) was Duke of Berry and Auvergne and Count of Poitiers and Montpensier.
A journeyman is a skilled worker who has successfully completed an official apprenticeship qualification in a building trade or craft.
The journeyman years (Wanderjahre) refer to the tradition of setting out on travel for several years after completing apprenticeship as a craftsman.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Lace is a delicate fabric made of yarn or thread in an open weblike pattern, made by machine or by hand.
Laissez-faire (from) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies.
The Le Chapelier Law (Loi Le Chapelier) was a piece of legislation passed by the National Assembly during the first phase of the French Revolution (14 June 1791), banning guilds as the early version of trade unions, as well as compagnonnage (by organizations such as the Compagnons du Tour de France) and the right to strike, and proclaiming free enterprise as the norm.
In law, liable means "esponsible or answerable in law; legally obligated." Legal liability concerns both civil law and criminal law and can arise from various areas of law, such as contracts, torts, taxes, or fines given by government agencies.
Letters patent (always in the plural) are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.
This is a list of guilds in the United Kingdom.
The livery companies of the City of London, currently 110 in number, comprise London's ancient and modern trade associations and guilds, almost all of which are styled the "Worshipful Company of..." their respective craft, trade or profession.
The lord mayor is the title of the mayor of a major city in the United Kingdom or Commonwealth realm, with special recognition bestowed by the sovereign.
Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France and is a canonized Catholic and Anglican saint.
A master craftsman or master tradesman (sometimes called only master or grandmaster) was a member of a guild.
Masterpiece, magnum opus (Latin, great work) or chef-d’œuvre (French, master of work, plural chefs-d’œuvre) in modern use is a creation that has been given much critical praise, especially one that is considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill, profundity, or workmanship.
Mercantilism is a national economic policy designed to maximize the trade of a nation and, historically, to maximize the accumulation of gold and silver (as well as crops).
A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.
Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
The National Association of Realtors (NAR), whose member brokers are known as realtors (member agents are known as realtor associates), is a North American trade association for those who work in the real estate industry.
The NewsGuild-CWA is a labor union founded by newspaper journalists in 1933.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
Odd Fellows, or Oddfellows, also Odd Fellowship or Oddfellowship, is an international fraternity consisting of lodges first documented in 1730 in London.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Patricianship, the quality of belonging to a patriciate, began in the ancient world, where cities such as Ancient Rome had a class of patrician families whose members were the only people allowed to exercise many political functions.
Piece work (or piecework) is any type of employment in which a worker is paid a fixed piece rate for each unit produced or action performed regardless of time.
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Preston is the administrative centre of Lancashire, England, on the north bank of the River Ribble.
A privilege is a certain entitlement to immunity granted by the state or another authority to a restricted group, either by birth or on a conditional basis.
A profession is a vocation founded upon specialized educational training, the purpose of which is to supply disinterested objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain.
A professional association (also called a professional body, professional organization, or professional society) is usually a nonprofit organization seeking to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the public interest.
The putting-out system is a means of subcontracting work.
A real estate broker or real estate salesperson (often called a real estate agent) is a person who acts as an intermediary between sellers & buyers of real estate/real property.
A religious order is a lineage of communities and organizations of people who live in some way set apart from society in accordance with their specific religious devotion, usually characterized by the principles of its founder's religious practice.
The Remembrancer was originally a subordinate officer of the English Exchequer.
In public choice theory and in economics, rent-seeking involves seeking to increase one's share of existing wealth without creating new wealth.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
A ritual "is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, and objects, performed in a sequestered place, and performed according to set sequence".
The Screen Actors Guild (SAG) was an American labor union which represented over 100,000 film and television principal and background performers worldwide.
A secret society is a club or an organization whose activities, events, inner functioning, or membership are concealed from non-members.
Sheilagh Catheren Ogilvie, FBA (born 7 October 1958) is a Canadian historian, economist, and academic, specialising in economic history.
Shoemaking is the process of making footwear.
Shreni, in the context of Ancient India was an association of traders, merchants, and artisans.
Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.
Technology transfer, also called transfer of technology (TOT), is the process of transferring (disseminating) technology from the places and ingroups of its origination to wider distribution among more people and places.
Telecommuting, also called telework, teleworking, working from home, mobile work, remote work, and flexible workplace, is a work arrangement in which employees do not commute or travel (e.g. by bus or car) to a central place of work, such as an office building, warehouse, or store.
The Communist Manifesto (originally Manifesto of the Communist Party) is an 1848 political pamphlet by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
The Pharmacy Guild of Australia is the national peak body representing community pharmacy.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith.
Thomas W. Malone (born 1952) is an American organizational theorist, management consultant, and the Patrick J. McGovern Professor of Management at the MIT Sloan School of Management.
Southern Indian trade guilds were formed by merchants in order to organise and expand their trading activities.
A trade secret is a formula, practice, process, design, instrument, pattern, commercial method, or compilation of information not generally known or reasonably ascertainable by others by which a business can obtain an economic advantage over competitors or customers.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
The University of Bologna (Università di Bologna, UNIBO), founded in 1088, is the oldest university in continuous operation, as well as one of the leading academic institutions in Italy and Europe.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The University of Paris (Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne (one of its buildings), was a university in Paris, France, from around 1150 to 1793, and from 1806 to 1970.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
Utrecht is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht.
Wends (Winedas, Old Norse: Vindr, Wenden, Winden, vendere, vender, Wendowie) is a historical name for Slavs living near Germanic settlement areas.
In medieval historiography, West Francia (Latin: Francia occidentalis) or the Kingdom of the West Franks (regnum Francorum occidentalium) was the western part of Charlemagne's Empire, inhabited and ruled by the Germanic Franks that forms the earliest stage of the Kingdom of France, lasting from about 840 until 987.
The Worshipful Company of Tax Advisers is a livery company of the City of London.
The Writers Guild of America West (WGAW) is a labor union representing film, television, radio, and new media writers.
The Writers Guild of America, East (WGAE) is a labor union representing film and television writers as well as employees of television and radio news.
Yule or Yuletide ("Yule time") was and is a festival observed by the historical Germanic peoples.
The were one of the primary types of trade guilds in feudal Japan.
Artisanal guild, Artisanal guilds, Craft Guild, Craft Guilds, Craft guild, Craft guilds, Craft-guild, Gilds, Guild Church, Guild system, Guilds, History of guilds, Jorneyman, Merchant Guild, Merchant Guilds, Merchant guild, Modern guild, Trade Incorporation, Trade guild, Trade incorporation, Zunft.