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Abbas Tyabji (1 February 1854 – 9 June 1936) was an Indian freedom fighter from Gujarat, and an associate of Mahatma Gandhi.
Abdul Ghaffar Billoo (عبد الغفار بلّو born 14 January 1937) is known Pakistani paediatric endocrinologist at the Aga Khan University (AKU) where he serve as professor of clinical paediatrics.
Abdul Qadir Patel (عبدالقادر پٹیل; born 8 August 1968) is a Pakistani politician who represented the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in the National Assembly of Pakistan until June 2013.
Abdul Razzak Yaqoob (عبدُالرزّاق يعقُوب; 7 May 1944–21 February 2014), popularly known by his name initials ARY, was a Pakistani media mogul, industrialist, philanthropist, and the businessman who founded and was the owner of the ARY Group of Companies.
Abdul Sattar Edhi (عبدالستار ایدھی; 28 February 1928 – 8 July 2016) was a Pakistani philanthropist, ascetic, and humanitarian who founded the Edhi Foundation, which runs the world's largest volunteer ambulance network, along with homeless shelters, animal shelter, rehab centres, and orphanages across Pakistan.
Aboobaker Osman Mitha (Urdu:ابو بكر عثمان متها; b.1923–1999), popularize as A.O. Mitha,, was a two-star rank army general who is considered a legend in the Pakistan Army, and a "stay behind" conceptual founder of Special Services Group (SSG).
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
Sir Adamjee Haji Dawood Bawany (30 June 1880 – 27 January 1948) was a Pakistani businessman and philanthropist who founded Adamjee Group.
Sir Adamji Peerbhoy (13 August 1846– 11 August 1913) was an Indian business magnate, philanthropist and of Dawoodi Bohra community based at Bombay in British India.
Adi Burjorji Godrej (born 3 April 1942) is an Indian billionaire industrialist and businessman, head of the Godrej family, and chairman of the Godrej Group.
Aditya Pancholi (born Nirmal Pancholi, 4 January 1962) is an Indian film actor, producer and playback singer who appears in Bollywood films.
The administrative units of Pakistan (انتظامی اکائیاں) consist of five provinces (Balochistan, Gilgit-Baltistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh), one autonomous territory (Azad Jammu and Kashmir) and one federal territory (Islamabad Capital Territory).
The African Great Lakes (Maziwa Makuu) are a series of lakes constituting the part of the Rift Valley lakes in and around the East African Rift.
Aga Khan (آقاخان; also transliterated as Aqa Khan and Agha Khan) is a title used also as a name by the Imam of the Nizari Ismailis, whose current holder is the 49th Imam (1957–present), Prince Shah Karim Al Husseini Aga Khan IV (b. 1936).
Ahir or Aheer is an ethnic group, some members of which identify as being of the Indian Yadav community because they consider the two terms to be synonymous.
Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (અહમદ હુસેન દીદત) (1 July 1918 – 8 August 2005) was a South African writer and public speaker of Indian descent.
Ahmed Mohamed Kathrada (21 August 1929 – 28 March 2017), sometimes known by the nickname "Kathy", was a South African politician, political prisoner and anti-apartheid activist.
Ahmed Timol (3 November 1941 – 27 October 1971) was an anti-Apartheid activist and political leader of South Africa.
Ahmedabad, also known as Amdavad is the largest city and former capital of the Indian state of Gujarat.
Air India is the flag carrier airline of India.
Ajaysinhji "Ajay" Jadeja (born 1 February 1971), is a former Indian cricketer, who has been a regular member in the Indian cricket team between 1992 and 2000.
Ajaz Khan is an Indian film actor.
Akha Bhagat, commonly known as Akho) or Akha Rahiyadas Soni was a medieval Gujarati poet who wrote in the tradition of the Bhakti movement. He wrote his poems in a literary form called Chhappa (six stanza satirical poems).
Ali Velshi (born October 29, 1969) is a Canadian television journalist, a senior economic and business correspondent for NBC News since October 2016 and co-anchor with Stephanie Ruhle of Velshi & Ruhle on MSNBC.
Alibhai Mulla Jeevanjee (1856–1936) was an Indian merchant, politician and philanthropist who went on to play a large role in the development of modern day Kenya during colonial rule.
Alisha Chinai, formerly known as Alisha Chinoy, was an Indian pop singer known for her albums as well as playback singing in Hindi cinema.
Alyque Padamsee (born 1928) is an Indian theatre personality and ad film maker.
Amar Akbar Anthony is a 1977 Indian action comedy film, directed and produced by Manmohan Desai.
Amar Upadhyay (born 1 August 1976) is an Indian television actor and model.
Ambalal Sarabhai (24 March 1890–1967) was an Indian industrialist in Ahmedabad.
Ameesha Patel (born Amisha Amit Patel) also simply known as "Ameesha" is an Indian actress and model who predominantly appears in Bollywood films.
Amerish Babulal "Ami" Bera (born March 2, 1965) is an American physician who has been the U.S. Representative for since 2013.
Amina Cachalia, OLB (née Asvat; 28 June 1930 – 31 January 2013) was a South African anti-Apartheid activist, women's rights activist, and politician.
Amitabh Bachchan (born 11 October 1942) is an Indian film actor, producer, television host, and former politician.
Anandiben Patel (born 21 November 1941) is an Indian politician and the current Governor of Madhya Pradesh and former Chief Minister of Gujarat, a western state of India.
Anavil Brahmins are a community of Brahmins who, despite not being numerically superior, are particularly dominant in the Surat and Valsad districts of south Gujarat, India, where they have been significant land-owners and have an influential role in politics.
Anil Dhirubhai Ambani (born 4 June 1959) is an Indian business magnate.
The Anjana Chaudhari — also known as Anjana Chaudhary, Anjana Patel, Anjana Patidar, or Anjana Desai — is a Hindu caste found in the Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh states of India.
The Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM), originally known as the Boycott Movement, was a British organisation that was at the centre of the international movement opposing the South African apartheid system and supporting South Africa's non-White population who were persecuted by the policies of apartheid.
Ardeshar Faramji Khabardar (અરદેશર ફરામજી ખબરદાર), also spelled Ardeshir Pharamji Khabardar, was a Gujarati language poet from India.
Ardeshir Cowasjee (13 April 1926 – 24 November 2012) (اردشير کاوﺳﺠﻰ) was a Pakistani newspaper columnist, social activist, and philanthropist.
Arif Virani (born November 23, 1971) is a Canadian lawyer and politician.
Arjun Modhwadia is an active politician from porbandar Gujarat, India.
Aruna Irani (born 18 August 1946) is an Indian actress who has acted in over 300 films in Hindi, Marathi and Gujarati cinema, mostly playing supporting and character roles.
Arvind Trivedi (born 8 November 1937 in Indore)is a known Indian actor.
"Aryan" is a term that was used as a self-designation by Indo-Iranian people.
Asha Parekh (born 2 October 1942) is an Indian film actress, director, and producer who was one of the top actresses in Hindi cinema from 1959 to 1973.
Ashish J. Thakkar is a Dubai-based British entrepreneur.
Ashok Vinoo Mankad (12 October 1946 – 1 August 2008) was an Indian cricketer.
Ashraf W. Tabani (17 December 1930 – 16 July 2009) was elected the Governor of Sindh and the Provincial Minister of Finance, Industries, Excise and Taxation between 1981 and 1984 during Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq's term of office as the President of Pakistan.
The Asian American Hotel Owners Association (AAHOA) is a trade organization that represents Asian American hotel owners in the hospitality industry.
Asifa Khan is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Aslam Khan, sometimes known as Prince Aslam Khan (15 March 1935 – 29 April 1980) played first-class cricket in Pakistan between 1955 and 1978.
Ashok Mehta (24 October 1911 in Bhavnagar – 1984) was an Indian freedom fighter and socialist politician.
Govardhan Thakurdas Jethanand Asrani, popularly known simply as Asrani, is an Indian actor and director whose Bollywood career has spanned five decades.
Atul Shah is a businessman and entrepreneur in Kenya.
The following events occurred in August 1972.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
AuthorHouse, formerly known as 1stBooks, is a self-publishing company based in the United States.
Avinash Sachdev (born August 22, 1986), is an Indian television actor known for playing the character Dev in the Hindi soap opera Chotti Bahu and Shlok Agnihotri in Iss Pyaar Ko Kya Naam Doon?...Ek Baar Phir.
Avinash Anandrai Vyas was an Indian music composer, lyricist and singer of Gujarati films who composed music for over 190 Gujarati films.
Axar Patel, also spelled as Akshar Patel, (born 20 January 1994) is an Indian cricketer.
Azim Hashim Premji (born 24 July 1945) is an Indian business tycoon, investor, and philanthropist, who is the chairman of Wipro Limited.
Babita (born as Babita Hari Shivdasani), also known by her married name Babita Kapoor, is a former Indian actress of Sindhi and British descent, who appeared in Hindi-language films.
Babubhai Mistry (5 September 1918 – 20 December 2010) was an Indian film director and special effects pioneer who is best known for his films based on Hindu mythology, such as Sampoorna Ramayana (1961), Mahabharat (1965), and Parasmani (1963).
Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.
(today) Baloobhai Patel is a businessman, entrepreneur, and philanthropist in Kenya, the largest economy in the East African Community.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
The Bania (otherwise known as Baniya, Vani and Vania) is an occupational community of merchants, bankers, money-lenders, dealers in grains or in spices, and in modern times numerous commercial enterprises.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir (also commonly known as the Neasden Temple) is a Hindu temple in Neasden, London.
Barot is an Indian caste native to Gujarat and Rajasthan.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
The Bhadala (ભડાલા; بدل; भदाला) are an ethnic group found in Pakistan and India.
A bhajan literally means "sharing".
Bhakri is a round flat unleavened bread often used in the cuisine of the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa states in India, along with several regions of western and central India, including areas of Rajasthan, Malwa, and Karnataka.
The Bhambi Sindhi Mochi are a Hindu caste found in the state of Gujarat in India.
Bhanushali (Gujarati: / Bhānshali / Bhansali) is a Hindu agrarian community of Vaishya Varna.
Bharat Desai (born November 1952) is an American billionaire businessman, and the co-founder and chairman of Syntel.
Bharat Masrani is a Canadian businessman who is presently the Group President and Chief Executive Officer of the Toronto-Dominion Bank (also known as TD Bank Group).
The Bharwad are a Hindu caste found in the state of Gujarat in India.
Bhatia is a group of people and a caste found in Punjab, Rajasthan, Sindh and Gujarat.
Bhavai, also known as Vesha or Swang, is a popular folk theatre form of western India, especially in Gujarat.
Bhavni Bhavai (ભવની ભવાઈ; The Tale of the Life) is a 1980 Gujarati film directed by Ketan Mehta, starring Naseeruddin Shah, Om Puri, Smita Patil, Mohan Gokhale, Benjamin Gilani.
Bhikhu Chotalal Parekh, Baron Parekh (born 4 January 1935 in Amalsad, Gujarat) as the speaker for the Justice KT Desai Memorial Lecture 2009, Bombay Bar Association.
Bhils or Bhidis are primarily an ethnic group of people in West India.
Bhimji Depar Shah, is a Kenyan businessman, industrialist and entrepreneur.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
Boman Irani (born 2 December 1959) is an Indian film and theatre actor, voice artist and photographer of Irani descent.
Bombay mix is an Indian snack mix which consists of a variable mixture of spicy dried ingredients, such as fried lentils, peanuts, chickpea flour ghatia (sev), corn, vegetable oil, chickpeas, flaked rice, fried onion and curry leaves.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) is an independent charity that supports, develops and promotes the art forms of the moving image – film, television and game in the United Kingdom.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
The term British subject has had a number of different legal meanings over time.
Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Buttermilk refers to a number of dairy drinks.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy, customary social interaction, and exclusion.
Central Jersey is the central region of the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Chhaachh (gu:છાશ)(hi:छाछ) is a dahi (yogurt)-based drink popular across Indian subcontinent.
Chain migration is a term used by scholars to refer to the social process by which migrants from a particular town follow others from that town to a particular destination.
Chandani Padva or Chandi Padvo is an occasion when Surtis (Gujarati people from Surat) enjoy a popular local variety of sweet Ghari, Bhushu (namkin).
Chandrakant Keshavlal Bakshi (ચંદ્રકાંત કેશવલાલ બક્ષી) was a Gujarati author from Gujarat, India.
Chapati (alternatively spelled chapatti, chappati, chapathi, or chappathi), also known as roti, safati, shabaati, phulka and (in the Maldives) roshi, is an unleavened flatbread from the Indian Subcontinent and staple in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, East Africa and the Caribbean.
The Charan are a caste living in the Rajasthan and Gujarat states of India.
Chaturbhuj Doshi (1894–1969) was a Hindi and Gujarati writer-director of Indian cinema.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Cheteshwar Arvind Pujara (born 25 January 1988) is an Indian international cricketer who plays Test matches for Indian national team and Saurashtra in domestic cricket.
Chhalia is a 1960 Indian Bollywood drama film directed by Manmohan Desai.
Chhel Anandji Vayeda (1935 – 12 November 2014) was a Gujarati art director and production designer from India.
Chirag Sureshbhai Jani (born 9 November 1989) is an Indian cricketer who plays for Saurashtra in domestic cricket.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christianity is a minority religion in Gujarat, a state of India.
Christianity is India's third most followed religion according to the census of 2011, with approximately 28 million followers, constituting 2.3 percent of India's population. It is traditionally believed that Christianity was introduced to India by Thomas the Apostle, who supposedly landed in Kerala in 52 AD. There is a general scholarly consensus that Christianity was definitely established in India by the 6th century AD. including some communities who used Syriac liturgies, and it is possible that the religion's existence extends as far back as the purported time of St.Thomas's arrival. Christians are found all across India and in all walks of life, with major populations in parts of South India and the south shore, the Konkan Coast, and Northeast India. Indian Christians have contributed significantly to and are well represented in various spheres of national life. They include former and current chief ministers, governors and chief election commissioners. Indian Christians have the highest ratio of women to men among the various religious communities in India. Christians are the second most educated religious group in India after Jains. Christianity in India has different denominations. The state of Kerala is home to the Saint Thomas Christian community, an ancient body of Christians, who are now divided into several different churches and traditions. They are East Syriac Saint Thomas Christian churches: the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church and the Chaldean Syrian Church. The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Church, Mar Thoma Syrian Church, Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, and the Malabar Independent Syrian Church are West Syriac Saint Thomas Christian Churches. Since the 19th century Protestant churches have also been present; major denominations include the Baptists, Church of South India (CSI), Evangelical Church of India (ECI), St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India, Believers Eastern Church, the Church of North India (CNI), the Presbyterian Church of India, Pentecostal Church, Apostolics, Lutherans, Traditional Anglicans and other evangelical groups. The Christian Church runs thousands of educational institutions and hospitals which have contributed significantly to the development of the nation. Roman Catholicism was first introduced to India by Portuguese, Italian and Irish Jesuits in the 16th century to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ among Indians. Most Christian schools, hospitals, primary care centres originated through the Roman Catholic missions brought by the trade of these countries. Evangelical Protestantism was later spread to India by the efforts of British, American, German, Scottish missionaries. These Protestant missions were also responsible for introducing English education in India for the first time and were also accountable in the first early translations of the Holy Bible in various Indian languages (including Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, Hindi, Urdu and others). Even though Christians are a significant minority, they form a major religious group in three states of India - Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland with plural majority in Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh and other states with significant Christian population include Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Christianity is widespread across India and is present in all states with major populations in South India.
The Chudasama are a Rajput clan found in the state of Gujarat in India.
The Chundrigar are a Muslim community found in the state of Gujarat, India.
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H.M. Rawat, otherwise known as Hassam Moussa Rawat Corporate, was established in 1959 and trades in the IOI (Indian Ocean Islands region; Reunion Island, Mauritius, Madagascar, Seychelles) with sub offices overseas.
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Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
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Jersey City is the second-most-populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark.
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Leicester ("Lester") is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.
The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.
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Mahesh Bhatt (born 20 September 1948) is an Indian film director, producer and screenwriter known for his works exclusively in Hindi cinema.
Mahmoud Abdullah Haroon (1920 – 6 November 2008) Urdu: محمود ہارون was a veteran Pakistani politician with career spanning over five decades and chairman of the Dawn Media Group.
Makarand Dave, sometimes referred as Sai Makarand Dave, is a Gujarati language poet and author from India.
Malacca (Melaka; மலாக்கா) dubbed "The Historic State", is a state in Malaysia located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Strait of Malacca.
The Malayali people or Keralite people (also spelt Malayalee, Malayalam script: മലയാളി and കേരളീയൻ) are an Indian ethnic group originating from the present-day state of Kerala, located in South India.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit.
Manmohan Desai (26 February 1937 – 1 March 1994) was a producer and director of Indian movies.
Manpreet Juneja (born 12 September 1990) is an Indian cricketer who plays for Gujarat in domestic cricket.
Manilal Premchand Chandaria OBE EBS (Elder of the Burning Spear) is a Kenyan businessman of Indian descent born in Nairobi on 1 March 1929.
Mareez, born Abbas Abdulali Vasi (અબ્બાસ અબ્દુલઅલી વાસી., 22 February 1917 – 19 October 1983), was a Gujarati poet, mainly popular for his Ghazals.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Mayur Madhvani is a Ugandan businessman, entrepreneur, and industrialist.
Meghji Pethraj Shah (15 September 1905 in Dabsang Jamnagar – 30 July 1964) was a Gujarati businessman.
Meghnad Jagdishchandra Desai, Baron Desai (born 10 July 1940) is a United Kingdom economist and Labour politician.
The Meghwal (or Megh, Meghwar) people live primarily in northwest India, with a small population in Pakistan.
Mehboob Khan (born Mehboob Khan Ramzan Khan; 9 September 1907 at filmreference.com. – 28 May 1964) was a pioneer producer-director of Hindi cinema, best known for directing the social epic Mother India (1957), which won the Filmfare Awards for Best Film and Best Director and was a nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
Mehtab (1918–1997) was a popular Indian actress of Hindi/Urdu films who worked from 1928-1969.
Mehul Kumar is an Indian filmmaker, film director, producer and writer in Bollywood.
The term Memon refers to a Muslim commercial community from the western part of South Asia, including Memons historically associated with Kathiawar.
Merchant Ivory Productions is a film company founded in 1961 by producer Ismail Merchant (d. 2005) and director James Ivory.
Middlesex County is a county located in north-central New Jersey, United States.
Modh communities comprise people who use the name and originate from Modhera in Gujarat, India.
Mohamed Yusuf (محمد يوسف, also known as Sir Mohamed Yusuf – سر محمد يوسف), (born 1876; died 15 September 1965), was an early 20th century Indian businessman and philanthropist.
Mombasa is a city on the coast of Kenya.
Morarji Desai (29 February 1896 – 10 April 1995) was an Indian independence activist and served between 1977 and 1979 as the 4th Prime Minister of India and led the government formed by the Janata Party.
Mother India is a 1957 Indian epic drama film, directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Nargis, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar, and Raaj Kumar.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah (محمد علی جناح ALA-LC:, born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.
Muhammad Dilawar Khanji (Gujarati:મુહમ્મદ દિલાવર ખાન, Urdu:; (born 23 June 1915-died July 30, 1989) was a Pakistani politician who was 11th Governor of Sindh from 1 March 1976 to 5 July 1977. He also claimed to be the titular Nawab of Junagarh from 1959–89.
Mukesh Dhirubhai Ambani (born 19 April 1957) is an Indian business magnate who is the chairman, managing director and largest shareholder of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), a Fortune Global 500 company and India's most valuable company by market value.
Mukhwas is a colorful Indian after-meal snack or digestive aid widely used as a mouth freshener, especially after meals.
Mulji Prabhudas Madhvani (1894–1958), commonly referred to as Muljibhai Madhvani was an Indian-born Ugandan businessman, entrepreneur, industrialist and philanthropist.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Munaf Musa Patel (born 12 July 1983) is an Indian cricketer who plays all formats of the game.
The mung bean (Vigna radiata), alternatively known as the green gram, maash, or moong Sanskrit मुद्ग / mŪgd, is a plant species in the legume family.
Wembley was an urban district and later a municipal borough in Middlesex, England from 1894 to 1965.
Muscat (مسقط) is the capital and largest city of Oman.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
The Nagar Brahmins are found primarily in Gujarat, but also in Rajasthan, Malwa and in states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar even as far as Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh in the north, West Bengal in the east and Karnataka in the south.
Naheed Kurban Nenshi (born February 2, 1972) is a Canadian politician who is the 36th mayor of Calgary, Alberta.
Nanji Kalidas Mehta, MBE, Rajratna, (17 November 1887 – 25 August 1969) was an industrialist and philanthropist from Gujarat.
Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950) is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014.
Naresh Kanodia is Gujarati film actor and musician from Gujarat, India.
Narmadashankar Lalshankar Dave (24 August 1833 – 26 February 1886), popularly known as Narmad, was a Gujarati poet, playwright, essayist, orator, lexicographer and reformer under the British Raj.
Narsinh Mehta, also known as Narsi Mehta or Narsi Bhagat (1414–1481), was a poet-saint of Gujarat, India, notable as a bhakta, an exponent of Vaishnava poetry.
Naushad N. Merali, CBS (born 1 February 1951 in Nairobi, Kenya) is the founder of the Kenyan mobile service provider along with French media giant Vivendi.
Nautamlal Bhagavanji Mehta, or the Nagar Sheth of Jetpur (2 September 1879 – 2 September 1968) was an Indian independence activist and a supporter of Mahatma Gandhi.
Navaratri (नवरात्रि, literally "nine nights"), also spelled Navratri or Navarathri, is a nine nights (and ten days) Hindu festival, celebrated in the autumn every year.
Navnirman Andolan (Re-invention or Re-construction movement) was a socio-political movement in 1974 in Gujarat by students and middle-class people against economic crisis and corruption in public life.
Navnit Dholakia, Baron Dholakia, OBE, PC, DL (born 4 March 1937) is a British Liberal Democrat politician and the Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords.
Nazneen Contractor (born August 26, 1982) is an Indian-born Canadian actress best known for her role as Layla Hourani on CBC's The Border, and as Kayla Hassan on 24 in 2010.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
The New York metropolitan area, also referred to as the Tri-State Area, is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4,495 mi2 (11,642 km2).
Newark Liberty International Airport, originally Newark Metropolitan Airport and later Newark International Airport, is the primary airport serving the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Niranjan Narhari Bhagat (18 May 1926 – 1 February 2018) was an Indian Gujarati language poet and commentator who won the 1999 Sahitya Akademi Award for Gujarati language for his critical work Gujarati Sahiyta – Purvardha Uttarardha.
Nirav Tripathi (born 13 May 1979) is an Indian entrepreneur, a founder of Football for Peace in India and the chairman of a multinational company that has partnered with George Weah.
Nisha Rawal is an Indian television actress and model.
Noor JehanAshish Rajadhyaksha and Paul Willemen, Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema, British Film Institute, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2002, pp.
Noureen Ahmed, known professionally as Noureen DeWulf (born February 28, 1984), is an American actress who starred as Lacey in Anger Management.
Odhavram (4 October 1889 – 13 January 1957) was an Indian religious teacher and a follower of Mohandas Gandhi.
Oh Darling Yeh Hai India (English: Oh Darling! This is India) is a 1995 Indian musical parody film directed by Ketan Mehta, starring Shah Rukh Khan, Deepa Sahi, Jaaved Jaffrey and Amrish Puri.
Oman (عمان), officially the Sultanate of Oman (سلطنة عُمان), is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia.
Omar Sachedina (born August 21, 1982) is a Canadian television journalist, currently a news anchor and correspondent for the CTV Television Network, a Canadian English language television network owned by Bell Media, and Canada's largest privately owned network.
Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.
Padma Shri (also Padma Shree) is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Pakistan Movement or Tehrik-e-Pakistan (تحریک پاکستان –) was a religious political movement in the 1940s that aimed for and succeeded in the creation of Pakistan from the Muslim-majority areas of the British Indian Empire.
Palanpur is a city and a municipality of Banaskantha district in the Indian state of Gujarat.
Panipuri is a common street snack in several regions of the Indian subcontinent.
Pankaj Ramanbhai Patel (born 1951) is an Indian billionaire businessman, the chairman and managing director of Cadila Healthcare, the fifth largest pharmaceutical company in India.
Pankaj Udhas is a ghazal singer, hailing from Gujarat in India.
Pannalal Nanalal Patel (7 May 1912 – 6 April 1989) was a Gujarati author.
A papadum is a thin, crisp, disc-shaped food from the Indian subcontinent; typically based on a seasoned dough usually made from peeled black gram flour (urad flour), either fried or cooked with dry heat (usually flipping it over an open flame).
Papri chaat, paapri chaat or papdi chaat is a popular traditional fast food and street food from the Indian subcontinent, notably in North India, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Paresh Rawal (born 30 May 1955) is an Indian film actor, thespian and politician known for his works notably in Bollywood.
Parshottam Solanki is a Bharatiya Janata Party politician.
A Parsi (or Parsee) means "Persian" in the "Persian Language", which today mainly refers to a member of a Zoroastrian community, one of two (the other being Iranis) mainly located in India, with a few in Pakistan.
Parthiv Ajay Patel (born 9 March 1985) is an Indian cricketer, wicketkeeper-batsman, and a member of the Indian national cricket team.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
Parveen Babi (4 April 1949 – 20 January 2005) was a popular Indian Hindi/Hindustani film actress, who appeared in 60 feature films and is most remembered for her glamorous roles alongside top heroes of the 1970s and early 1980s in blockbusters such as Deewaar, Amar Akbar Anthony, Namak Halaal, Suhaag and Shaan.
Patel is an Indian surname originally representing a community of agriculturalists and merchants, predominantly in the states of Gujarat, India.
Payal Rohatgi (born 9 November 1984) is an Indian actress and reality TV performer who appears in Bollywood films.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
Pervez Amirali Hoodbhoy (Urdu:; born 11 July 1950) is a Pakistani nuclear physicist and activist who serves as at the Forman Christian College and previously taught physics at the Quaid-e-Azam University.
Sir Pherozeshah Merwanjee Mehta, KCIE (4 August 1845 – 5 November 1915) was an Indian political leader, activist, and a leading lawyer of Bombay, who was knighted by the British Government in India for his service to the law.
Philanthropy means the love of humanity.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
The pistachio (Pistacia vera), a member of the cashew family, is a small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East.
Pooja Gor (also spelled Pooja Gaur, born 1 June 1991) is an Indian television actress.
Poonamben Maadam is Member of parliament from Jamnagar seat.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Prabhatsinh Pratapsinh Chauhan is a member of the 15th Lok Sabha of India.
Prachi Desai (born 12 September 1988) is an Indian Bollywood film and former television actress.
Prajapati (IAST:, "lord of creation and protector") is a Vedic deity of Hinduism.
Pranav Mistry (born 14 May 1981) is a computer scientist and inventor.
Prashant Shanker Pathak (born 1972) is an Indo-Canadian investor, businessman and philanthropist who lives in Toronto.
Premanand Krushanram Bhatt (Gujarati: પ્રેમાનંદ કૃષ્ણંરામ ભટ્ટ) (1649–1714), also known as Premanand, was a medieval Gujarati poet and Maanbhatt (professional story teller) known for his Akhyana compositions.
Premchand Roychand was a 19th-century Indian businessman known as the "Cotton King" and "Bullion King" from Bombay.
Premji: Rise of a Warrior is a new era Gujarati film directed by Vijaygiri Bava & produced by Twinkle Vijaygiri.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The Prime Minister of Pakistan (وزِیرِ اعظم —,; lit. "Grand Vizier") is the head of government of Pakistan and designated as the "chief executive of the Republic".
Priti Sushilbhai Patel (born 29 March 1972) is a British politician.
A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity.
The Punjabis (Punjabi:, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ), or Punjabi people, are an ethnic group associated with the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, who speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family.
Purbi Joshi is an Indian television actress and voice-dubbing actress who speaks Hindi.
Puri is a city and a Municipality in the state of Odisha in eastern India.
Members of the Rabari are an India as well as in huge numbers present in pakistann community.
Raghuveer ChaudhariSpelling of name is based on his signature.
Rahim Nizar Jaffer (رحيم جعفر; born December 15, 1971) is a former Canadian politician and a former Member of Parliament.
Stephen Raj Bhavsar (born September 7, 1980) is an American artistic gymnast.
Ranbir Raj Kapoor (14 December 1924 – 2 June 1988), also known as "the greatest showman of Hindi cinema", was a noted Indian film actor, producer and director of Indian cinema.
Raj Shah (born c. 1985) is a Republican political aide serving as the White House Principal Deputy Press Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the President.
Rajendra Keshavlal Shah (January 28, 1913 – January 2, 2010) was a lyrical poet who wrote in Gujarati.
Rajesh Chauhan (born 19 December 1966 in Ranchi, Bihar) is a former Indian cricketer who played in 21 Tests and 35 ODIs from 1993 to 1998.
Rajesh Chudasama is the member of the Parliament.
Rajput (from Sanskrit raja-putra, "son of a king") is a large multi-component cluster of castes, kin bodies, and local groups, sharing social status and ideology of genealogical descent originating from the Indian subcontinent.
Ramanbhai B. Patel (19 August 1925 – 19 September 2001) was an Indian chemist who founded the operation, along with school friend I A Modi, that eventually became the Ahmedabad-based pharmaceutical company Cadila Laboratories.
Ramayan (1987) Ramayan is an Indian epic television series, which aired during 1987-1988, created, written, and directed by Ramanand Sagar.
Muhammad Ramzan Chhipa, Sitara-e-Imtiaz (Star of Excellence) Award, is a Pakistani philanthropist and social worker based in Karachi, Pakistan.
Ranchhodlal Chhotalal, Rai Bahadur, CIE "Memoir of Rao Bahadur Ranchhodlal Chhotalal, C.I.E." COMPILED BY S. M. EDWARDES, C.S.I., C.V.O., LATE OF THE INDIAN CIVIL SERVICE (BOMBAY), FROM MATERIALS COLLECTED BY SIR H. EVAN M. JAMES, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., LATE OF THE INDIAN CIVIL SERVICE (BOMBAY), FORMERLY COLLECTOR OP AHMADABAD AND COMMISSIONER, N.D. 1920 (April 1823– October 1898) was a pioneer of the textile industry in Ahmedabad, India.
Rashami Desai (born 13 February) is an Indian television actress.
Jainism emphasises that ratnatraya (triple gems of Jainism) — the right faith (Samyak Darshana), right knowledge (Samyak Gyana) and right conduct (Samyak Charitra) — constitutes the path to liberation.
Ravana (IAST: Rāvaṇa;; Sanskrit: रावण) is a character in the Hindu epic Ramayana where he is depicted as the Rakshasa king of Lanka.
Ravindrasinh Anirudhsinh Jadeja (born 6 December 1988), commonly known as Ravindra Jadeja, is an Indian international cricketer.
Ravish Desai (રવિશ દેસાઈ, pronunciation: ra ʋiːʃ d̪eːsaːiː) is an Indian actor and model working in Bollywood and TV serials.
Ravishankar Vyas, better known as Ravishankar Maharaj, was an Indian independence activist, social worker and Gandhian from Gujarat.
Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, founded in 1961 by Government of India Ministry of Home Affairs, for arranging, conducting and analysing the results of the demographic surveys of India including Census of India and Linguistic Survey of India.
A remittance is a transfer of money by a foreign worker to an individual in their home country.
Reshma Saujani is an American lawyer and politician.
Richie Mehta (born in Mississauga, Ontario) is a Canadian film director and writer.
The Rivonia Trial took place in South Africa between 9 October 1963 and 12 June 1964.
Rizwan Manji (born October 17, 1974) is a Canadian actor.
Rohit Vyas is an Indian American Journalist and the Senior Vice President, News Director and English News Anchor for TV ASIA as well as a member of the United Nations Correspondents Association.
Romesh T. Wadhwani (born 1947/48) is an Indian-born American billionaire businessman, the founder, chairman and CEO of Symphony Technology Group (STG), a private equity firm for software, Internet and technology services companies.
Roti (also known as chapati) is a flatbread native to the Indian subcontinent made from stoneground wholemeal flour, traditionally known as atta, and water that is combined into a dough.
Rumi Verjee, Baron Verjee CBE (born 1957) is a British businessman, philanthropist and Liberal Democrat member of the House of Lords.
Sardarsinhji Ravaji Rana (1870–1957), often abbreviated S. R. Rana, was an Indian political activist, founding member of the Paris Indian Society and the vice-president of the Indian Home Rule Society.
Saffron (pronounced or) is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the "saffron crocus".
Sakaldwipiya Brahmins (or Bhojaka Brahmins or Maga Brahmins) is a class of Hindu Brahmin priests and Ayurveda teachers (acharyas) and practitioners, with significant concentrations of their populations occurring in Western and Northern India.
Senator Saleem H. Mandviwalla (born 25 January 1959) was the President of the Board of Investment and Minister of State for Investment of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, a position he held from October 2008 till May 2013.
Salim–Sulaiman is an Indian score composer duo consisting of siblings Salim and Sulaiman Merchant.
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda (IPA: /) popularly known as Sam Pitroda (born 4 May 1942) is a telecom engineer, inventor, entrepreneur and policymaker.
Sammir Dattani, also known as Dhyan (in the Kannada film industry), is an Indian film actor who acts in Bollywood, the Hindi film industry, and Sandalwood, the Kannada film industry.
Samir Uttamlal Mehta is an Indian billionaire businessman.
A samosa, sambusa, or samboksa is a fried or baked dish with a savoury filling, such as spiced potatoes, onions, peas, or lentils.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
Sanat Mehta (18 or 19 April 1925 – 19 August 2015) was an Indian politician and social activist from Gujarat, India.
Sanjay Leela Bhansali (born 24 February 1963) is an Indian film director, producer, screenwriter, and music director.
Sanjeeda Sheikh is an Indian actress who works in the Hindi television industry.
Sanjeev Kumar (born Harihar Jethalal Jariwala; 9 July 1938 – 6 November 1985) was an Indian film actor.
Saraswatichandra is a Gujarati novel by Govardhanram Madhavaram Tripathi, an author of early twentieth century from Gujarat, India.
Sarfraz Ahmed (سرفراز احمد; born 22 May 1987) is a wicketkeeper-batsman who plays international cricket for Pakistan and is also the current captain of the Pakistan cricket team in all 3 formats of the game.
Sarita Joshi (née Bhosle) (born 17 October 1941) is an Indian stage, television and film actress, and is a veteran actress of Gujarati theatre and Marathi theatre and also Marathi cinema.
Satish Shah (born 25 June 1951) is a Hindi film actor and has done a few Marathi films as well and television actor.
Saurashtra, also known as Sorath or Kathiawar, is a peninsular region of Gujarat, India, located on the Arabian Sea coast.
Saurashtra (alternate spellings: Sourashtra, Sowrashtra, Sourashtri) or Patnūlkarar (colloquially called Palkar) refers to an ethno-linguistic Hindu community of South India who speak the Saurashtra language, an Indo-Aryan language, predominantly residing in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
Savan Harish Kotecha is an American songwriter and record producer from Austin, Texas.
Sayyid (also spelt Syed, Saiyed,Seyit,Seyd, Said, Sayed, Sayyed, Saiyid, Seyed and Seyyed) (سيد,; meaning "Mister"; plural سادة) is an honorific title denoting people (سيدة for females) accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Husayn ibn Ali (combined Hasnain), sons of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and son-in-law Ali (Ali ibn Abi Talib).
Sev Mamra (mumra) is an Indian snack.
Shailesh Lakhman Vara (born 4 September 1960) is a British Conservative Party politician.
Shaktisinh Harishchandrasinh Gohil (born 4 April 1960) is an Indian politician and national spokesperson of All India Congress Committee.
Shamal Bhatt (Gujarati: શામળ ભટ્ટ) was a Gujarati narrative poet of the medieval Gujarati literature.
Shankar Chaudhary (born 3 December 1970) is an Indian politician from Gujarat state.
Shantidas Jhaveri (c. 1580s–1659) was an influential Indian jeweller, bullion trader (sarraf) and moneylender (sahukar) during the Mughal era.
Shapurji Dorabji Saklatvala (28 March 1874 – 16 January 1936) was a British politician of Indian Parsi heritage.
Sharad Purnima (also known as Kojagiri Purnima, Navanna Purnima, or Kaumudi Purnima) is a harvest festival celebrated on the full moon day of the Hindu lunar month of Ashvin (September to October), marking the end of the monsoon season.
Sheetal Sheth is an American actress and producer.
Shefali Zariwala (born 24 November 1982) is an actress of Bollywood who has appeared in several English & Hindi music videos, and a Bollywood film.
Sheikh (pronounced, or; شيخ, mostly pronounced, plural شيوخ)—also transliterated Sheik, Shykh, Shaik, Shayk, Shaykh, Cheikh, Shekh, and Shaikh—is an honorific title in the Arabic language.
Sheldon Philip Jackson (born 27 September 1986) is an Indian cricketer.
Shenaz Treasury (last name also spelled Treasurywala)) is an Indian American actress, TV host, writer, and travel vlogger.
Shrenu Parikh is an Indian television actress best known as Aasta Shlok Agnihotri in Iss Pyaar Ko Kya Naam Doon?...Ek Baar Phir.
Shrimad Rajchandra (9 November 1867 – 9 April 1901) was a Jain poet, philosopher, scholar and reformer.
Shyamji Krishna Varma (4 October, 1857 – 30 March, 1930) was an Indian revolutionary fighter, an Indian patriot, lawyer and journalist who founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London.
(Sanskrit and Pali: सिद्धि; Kannada: ಸಿದ್ಧಿ; Telugu: సిద్ధి; Sinhala: සිද්දි; Tamil: சித்தி;, (accessed: Thursday April 15, 2010)) are spiritual, paranormal, supernatural, or otherwise magical powers, abilities, and attainments that are the products of spiritual advancement through sādhanās such as meditation and yoga.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Sindh (سنڌ; سِندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, in the southeast of the country.
Sitanshu Yashaschandra Mehta (born 1941), better known as Sitanshu Yashaschandra, is a Gujarati language poet, playwright, translator and academic from India.
SixthSense is a gesture-based wearable computer system developed at MIT Media Lab by Steve Mann in 1994 and 1997 (headworn gestural interface), and 1998 (neckworn version), and further developed by Pranav Mistry (also at MIT Media Lab), in 2009, both of whom developed both hardware and software for both headworn and neckworn versions of it.
Sohrab Modi (1897–1984) was an Indian Parsi stage and film actor, director and producer.
Sonal R. Shah (born May 20, 1968), is an American economist and public official.
The Soni are a Hindu caste found throughout India.
The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) was an organisation founded in 1921 in Natal (now KwaZulu-Natal), South Africa.
The South African Republic (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
SPA London is a registered charity based in North London which was established about 1975 in the United Kingdom.
Special effects (often abbreviated as SFX, SPFX, or simply FX) are illusions or visual tricks used in the film, television, theatre, video game and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world.
Springer Publishing is an American publishing company of academic journals and books, focusing on the fields of nursing, gerontology, psychology, social work, counseling, public health, and rehabilitation (neuropsychology).
Stone Town, also known as Mji Mkongwe (Swahili for "old town"), is the old part of Zanzibar City, the main city of Zanzibar, in Tanzania.
Subway is an American privately held fast food restaurant franchise that primarily sells submarine sandwiches (subs) and salads.
Sudhir Uttamlal Mehta (born 1954) is an Indian billionaire businessman.
Sudhir Ruparelia (born 17 January 1956) is a Ugandan business magnate and investor.
Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes, is an island in Indonesia.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
Sunni Vahoras or Sunni Bohras (سنی بوہرہ)(also Jafari Bohras or Patani Bohras) are a community from the state of Gujarat in India.
Supriya Pathak Kapur (born 7 January 1961) is an Indian actress of film, television and stage.
Surat is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat.
Suresh Hariprasad Joshi (સુરેશ હરિપ્રસાદ જોશી) was an Indian novelist, short-story writer, literary critic, poet, translator, editor and academic in the Gujarati language.
Sutarfeni is an Indian sweet, shredded, flaky - rice-flour roasted in ghee (clarified butter), blended with melted sugar to form a cotton candy, and topped with finely chopped pistachio and almonds.
Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people.
Swaminarayan (IAST:, 3 April 1781 – 1 June 1830), also known as Sahajanand Swami, was a yogi, and an ascetic whose life and teachings brought a revival of central Hindu practices of dharma, ahimsa and brahmacharya.
Swarāj (स्वराज "self", raj "rule") can mean generally self-governance or "self-rule", and was used synonymously with "home-rule" by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati and later on by Mahatma Gandhi, but the word usually refers to Gandhi's concept for Indian independence from foreign domination.
Syncretism is the combining of different beliefs, while blending practices of various schools of thought.
Syntel, Inc. is a U.S.-based multinational provider of integrated technology and business services.
Tanvi Vyas (तन्वी व्यास, તન્વી વ્યાસ) is an Indian actress who made her acting debut in the "Kollywood" film Eppadi Manasukkul Vanthai in 2012.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
Tapu Javeri (Urdu:; born Mustapha Farabi Javeri on 5 May 1965) is a Pakistani fashion and art photographer, radio host and jewellery designer.
The Tata family is a prominent Indian business family, based in the Indian city of Mumbai.
Tata Group is an Indian multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
Television in India is a huge industry which has thousands of programs in many languages.
Amritlal Vithaldas Thakkar, popularly known as Thakkar Bapa (29 November 1869 – 20 January 1951) was an Indian social worker who worked for upliftment of tribal people in Gujarat state in India.
Thali (Hindi/Nepali: थाली, தட்டு, pronounced "Thattu"; meaning "plate") is the Indian name for a round platter used to serve food.
The Conversation is an independent, not-for-profit media outlet that uses content sourced from the academic and research community.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The News International, published in broadsheet size, is the largest English language newspaper in Pakistan.
The Racist Sandwich is an American food podcast hosted by chef Soleil Ho and food writer Zahir Janmohamed.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
Tina Ambani (née Munim, born 11 February 1957) is a former Bollywood actress and Chairperson of the Mumbai-based Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Harmony for Silvers Foundation and Harmony Art Foundation.
Tomé Pires (1465?–1524 or 1540)Madureira, 150–151.
The Toronto–Dominion Bank (Banque Toronto–Dominion) is a Canadian multinational banking and financial services corporation headquartered in Toronto, Ontario.
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.
Uday Kotak (born 15 March 1959) is an Indian billionaire banker, and the executive vice chairman and managing director of Kotak Mahindra Bank.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
Mainly built to serve as a transport system of carrying goods such as minerals from interior Uganda and the Magadi section in Kenya, the once famous railway also faced some drawbacks to its completion.
Umar Hajee Ahmed Jhaveri was a Memon Indian South African businessman.
Umar Mosque is a mosque in Evington, Leicester, England.
Umashankar Jethalal Joshi (21 July 1911 – 19 December 1988) was an eminent poet, scholar and writer.
Undhiyu is a Gujarati mixed vegetable dish that is a regional specialty of Surat, India.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Upendra Jethalal Trivedi (14 July 1936 4 January 2015) was an Indian film and stage actor, director and producer who was one of the most prolific actors of Gujarati cinema.
Urvashi Dholakia is an Indian television actress.
The Vachanamrut (વચનામૃત) of Swaminarayan is the most sacred and foundational scripture of the Swaminarayan spiritual tradition.
Vaishya is one of the four varnas of the Hindu social order in Nepal and India.
Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950), popularly known as Sardar Patel, was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India.
Varsha Mahendra Adalja, (વર્ષા અડાલજા) is a Gujarati feminist novelist, playwright and negotiator who won the 1995 Sahitya Akademi Award for Gujarati language for her novel Ansar.
Vasanbhai Ahir is a member of Gujarat Legislative Assembly from Anjar constituency for 13th assembly since December 2012 and 2017.
Vasant Rai (1942–1985) was a Sarod player.
Vatsal Sheth (born 5 August 1980) is an Indian film and television actor, model and entrepreneur.
Vijay Ramniklal Rupani (born 2 August 1956) is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party.
Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai (12 August 1919 – 30 December 1971) was an Indian scientist and innovator widely regarded as the father of India's space programme.
Viraf Patel (born Viraf Phiroz Patel on 12 June 1980) is a model and television actor.
Virji Vora (1590– 1670s) was an Indian merchant from Surat during the Mughal era.
Vishal–Shekhar is an indian singer-songwriter duo consisting of Vishal Dadlani and Shekhar Ravjiani.
Vitthalbhai Hansrajbhai Radadiya is a member of the 15th Lok Sabha of India.
Vyomesh "VJ" Joshi (born c. 1954) is current 3D Systems CEO and President, and was the executive vice president of Hewlett-Packard Company's Imaging and Printing Group.
Wadia Movietone was a noted Indian film production company and studio based in Mumbai, established in 1933 by Wadia brothers J. B. H. Wadia and Homi Wadia.
Walchand Hirachand Doshi (23 November 1882 – 8 April 1953) was an Indian industrialist and the founder of the Walchand group.
Western India is a loosely defined region of India consisting of its western part.
The White House Office of the Press Secretary, or the Press Office, is responsible for gathering and disseminating information to three principal groups: the President, the White House staff, and the media.
Yemen (al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
Yorkshire (abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.
Yusuf Mohamed Dadoo (5 September 1909 – 19 September 1983) was a South African communist and anti-apartheid activist.
Yusuf Pathan (Urdu: یوسف خان پٹھان; Hindi: यूसुफ खान पठान) (born 17 November 1982) is an Indian cricketer.
Zain Verjee (born February 11, 1974) is journalist who was born and raised in Kenya.
Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania.
Zoroastrianism, or more natively Mazdayasna, is one of the world's oldest extant religions, which is monotheistic in having a single creator god, has dualistic cosmology in its concept of good and evil, and has an eschatology which predicts the ultimate destruction of evil.
Zubeida Habib Rahimtoola (زبیدہ حبیب رحمۃاللہ born Zubeida Sultan Chinoy on August 12, 1917 in Mumbai was a Pakistani political figure and social worker. She was the president of All-India Muslim League in UK and founding member of All Pakistan Women's Association. She was awarded with Sitara-e-Khidmat for her services by President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.