112 relations: A History of Warfare, Accuracy International AWM, Action (firearms), Air gun, Artillery, Bamboo, Barrel, BB gun, Bolt (firearms), Bolt action, Bore evacuator, Brass, Breech-loading weapon, Breechblock, Bronze, Bullet, Caliber, Cannon, Cap gun, Caplock mechanism, Carbon steel, Cartridge (firearms), Cast iron, Catastrophic failure, Choke (firearms), Cleaning rod, Combustion, Cylinder (firearms), Decibel, Deflagration, English language, External ballistics, Fire lance, Firearm, Firing pin, Flash suppressor, Gas-operated reloading, Gun, Gun barrel, Gunpowder, Gunshot residue, Gunsmith, Gyroscope, Hand cannon, Inch, Infrasound, Internal ballistics, John Keegan, Kinetic energy, Lever action, ..., Lumen (anatomy), Machine gun, Machining, Metal, Metallurgy, Millimetre, Minié ball, Motion (physics), Musket, Muzzle booster, Muzzle brake, Muzzle flash, Muzzle rise, Muzzle shroud, Muzzle velocity, Muzzleloader, Muzzleloading, Noise-induced hearing loss, Orientation (geometry), Overpressure, Path of least resistance, Pistol, Polygonal rifling, Primer (firearms), Projectile, Projectile motion, Propellant, Pump action, Ranged weapon, Rate of fire, Reamer, Recoil, Revolver, Rifle, Rifling, Round shot, Semi-automatic firearm, Shock wave, Shooting, Shot (pellet), Shotgun, Shotgun shell, Shotgun slug, Silencer (firearms), Single-shot, Slug barrel, Small arms, Smoothbore, Sound intensity, Specific strength, Speed, Stainless steel, Stiffness, Strength of materials, Stress (mechanics), Surface-area-to-volume ratio, Threading (manufacturing), Trajectory, Transitional ballistics, Tubes and primers for ammunition, Wear, Wrought iron. Expand index (62 more) » « Shrink index
A History of Warfare is a book by military historian John Keegan, which was published in 1993 by Random House.
The Accuracy International AWM (Arctic Warfare Magnum or AI-Arctic Warfare Magnum) is a bolt-action sniper rifle manufactured by Accuracy International designed for magnum rifle cartridges.
In firearms terminology, an action is the mechanism that handles the ammunition (loads, locks, fires, extracts and ejects) or the method by which that mechanism works.
An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which relies on an exothermic chemical oxidation (deflagration) of combustible propellants to generate propulsive energy.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
A barrel, cask, or tun is a hollow cylindrical container, traditionally made of wooden staves bound by wooden or metal hoops.
BB guns are a type of air guns designed to shoot metallic ball projectiles called BBs — metal balls approximately the same size as the "BB" lead birdshots.
A bolt is the part of a repeating, breech-loading firearm that blocks the rear of the chamber while the propellant burns and moves to facilitate loading of cartridges from the magazine.
Bolt action is a type of firearm action where the handling of cartridges into and out of the weapon's barrel chamber are operated by manually manipulating the bolt directly via a handle, which is most commonly placed on the right-hand side of the weapon (as most users are right-handed).
A bore evacuator or fume extractor is a device which removes lingering gases and airborne residues from the barrel of an armored fighting vehicle's gun after firing, particularly in tanks and self-propelled guns.
Brass is a metallic alloy that is made of copper and zinc.
A breech-loading gun is a firearm in which the cartridge or shell is inserted or loaded into a chamber integral to the rear portion of a barrel.
A breechblock (or breech block) is the part of the firearm action that closes the breech of a weapon (whether small arms or artillery) at the moment of firing.
Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.
A bullet is a kinetic projectile and the component of firearm ammunition that is expelled from the gun barrel during shooting.
In guns, particularly firearms, caliber or calibre is the approximate internal diameter of the gun barrel, or the diameter of the projectile it shoots.
A cannon (plural: cannon or cannons) is a type of gun classified as artillery that launches a projectile using propellant.
A cap gun, cap pistol, or cap rifle is a toy gun that creates a loud sound simulating a gunshot and a puff of smoke when a small percussion cap is exploded.
The caplock mechanism or percussion lock was the successor of the flintlock mechanism in firearm technology, and used a percussion cap struck by the hammer to set off the main charge, rather than using a piece of flint to strike a steel frizzen.The caplock mechanism consists of a hammer, similar to the hammer used in a flintlock, and a nipple (sometimes referred to as a "cone"), which holds a small percussion cap.
Carbon steel is a steel with carbon content up to 2.1% by weight.
A cartridge is a type of firearm ammunition packaging a projectile (bullet, shots or slug), a propellant substance (usually either smokeless powder or black powder) and an ignition device (primer) within a metallic, paper or plastic case that is precisely made to fit within the barrel chamber of a breechloading gun, for the practical purpose of convenient transportation and handling during shooting.
Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.
A catastrophic failure is a sudden and total failure from which recovery is impossible.
In firearms, a choke is a tapered constriction of a shotgun barrel's bore at the muzzle end.
A cleaning rod is a firearm maintenance tool that can be used to clean the inside (bore) of a gun's barrel, and is made in different sizes for use on different barrel lengths, calibers and gauges.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
In firearms, the cylinder is the cylindrical, rotating part of a revolver containing multiple chambers.
The decibel (symbol: dB) is a unit of measurement used to express the ratio of one value of a physical property to another on a logarithmic scale.
Deflagration (Lat: de + flagrare, "to burn down") is subsonic combustion propagating through heat transfer; hot burning material heats the next layer of cold material and ignites it.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
External ballistics or exterior ballistics is the part of ballistics that deals with the behavior of a projectile in flight.
The fire lance was a very early gunpowder weapon that appeared in 10th century China during the Jin-Song Wars.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
A firing pin or striker is part of the firing mechanism used in a firearm or explosive device e.g. an M14 landmine or bomb fuze.
A flash suppressor, also known as a flash guard, flash eliminator, flash hider, or flash cone, is a device attached to the muzzle of a rifle that reduces its visible signature while firing by cooling or dispersing the burning gases that exit the muzzle, a phenomenon typical of carbine-length weapons.
Gas-operation is a system of operation used to provide energy to operate autoloading firearms.
A gun is a tubular ranged weapon typically designed to pneumatically discharge projectiles that are solid (most guns) but can also be liquid (as in water guns/cannons and projected water disruptors) or even charged particles (as in a plasma gun) and may be free-flying (as with bullets and artillery shells) or tethered (as with Taser guns, spearguns and harpoon guns).
A gun barrel is a crucial part of gun-type ranged weapons such as small firearms, artillery pieces and air guns.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
Gunshot residue (GSR), also known as cartridge discharge residue (CDR), "gunfire residue" (GFR), or firearm discharge residue (FDR), is residue deposited on the hands and clothes of someone who discharges a firearm.
A gunsmith is a person who repairs, modifies, designs, or builds guns.
A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.
The hand cannon (Chinese: 手銃), also known as the gonne or handgonne, is the first true firearm and the successor of the fire lance.
The inch (abbreviation: in or &Prime) is a unit of length in the (British) imperial and United States customary systems of measurement now formally equal to yard but usually understood as of a foot.
Infrasound, sometimes referred to as low-frequency sound, is sound that is lower in frequency than 20 Hz or cycles per second, the "normal" limit of human hearing.
Internal ballistics (also interior ballistics), a subfield of ballistics, is the study of the propulsion of a projectile.
Sir John Desmond Patrick Keegan (15 May 1934 – 2 August 2012) was an English military historian, lecturer, writer and journalist.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
Lever action is a type of firearm action which uses a lever located around the trigger guard area (often including the trigger guard itself) to load fresh cartridges into the chamber of the barrel when the lever is worked.
In biology, a lumen (plural lumina) is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Machining is any of various processes in which a piece of raw material is cut into a desired final shape and size by a controlled material-removal process.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.
The millimetre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI unit symbol mm) or millimeter (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousandth of a metre, which is the SI base unit of length.
The Minié ball, or Minni ball, is a type of muzzle-loading spin-stabilized rifle bullet named after its co-developer, Claude-Étienne Minié, inventor of the Minié rifle.
In physics, motion is a change in position of an object over time.
A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smoothbore long gun that appeared in early 16th century Europe, at first as a heavier variant of the arquebus, capable of penetrating heavy armor.
A muzzle booster or recoil booster is a device affixed to the muzzle of a firearm, intended to harness the energy of the escaping propellant to augment the force of recoil on portions of the firearm.
A muzzle brake or recoil compensator is a device connected to the muzzle of a firearm or cannon that redirects propellant gases to counter recoil and unwanted rising of the barrel.
Muzzle flash is the visible light of a muzzle blast, which expels high-temperature, high-pressure gases from the muzzle of a firearm.
The interchangeable terms muzzle rise, muzzle flip and muzzle climb refer to the tendency of firearms or airguns' front end (muzzle end of the barrel) to rise up after firing.
A muzzle shroud is a sleeve (either circular or otherwise) that extends beyond a weapon's muzzle.
Muzzle velocity is the speed of a projectile at the moment it leaves the muzzle of a gun.
A muzzleloader is any firearm into which the projectile and usually the propellant charge is loaded from the muzzle of the gun (i.e., from the forward, open end of the gun's barrel).
Muzzleloading is the shooting sport of firing muzzleloading guns.
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is hearing impairment resulting from exposure to loud sound.
In geometry the orientation, angular position, or attitude of an object such as a line, plane or rigid body is part of the description of how it is placed in the space it occupies.
Overpressure (or blast overpressure) is the pressure caused by a shock wave over and above normal atmospheric pressure.
The path of least resistance is the physical or metaphorical pathway that provides the least resistance to forward motion by a given object or entity, among a set of alternative paths.
A pistol is a type of handgun.
Polygonal rifling is a type of gun barrel rifling where the traditional sharp-edged lands and grooves are replaced by less-edged "hills and valleys" in a polygonal pattern, usually taking the form of a hexagon or octagon.
In firearms, the primer is a component of handgun cartridges, rifle cartridges and shotgun shells, and is responsible for initiating the propellant combustion that will push the projectiles out of the gun barrel.
A projectile is any object thrown into space (empty or not) by the exertion of a force.
Projectile motion is a form of motion experienced by an object or particle (a projectile) that is thrown near the Earth's surface and moves along a curved path under the action of gravity only (in particular, the effects of air resistance are assumed to be negligible).
A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.
A pump-action or slide-action firearm is one in which a forend can be moved forward and backward in order to eject a spent round of ammunition and to chamber a fresh one.
A ranged weapon is any weapon that can engage targets beyond hand-to-hand distance, i.e. at distances greater than the physical reach of the weapon itself.
Rate of fire is the frequency at which a specific weapon can fire or launch its projectiles.
A reamer is a type of rotary cutting tool used in metalworking.
Recoil (often called knockback, kickback or simply kick) is the backward movement of a gun when it is discharged.
A revolver (also called a wheel gun) is a repeating handgun that has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing.
A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls.
In firearms, rifling is the helical groove pattern that is machined into the internal (bore) surface of a gun's barrel, for the purpose of exerting torque and thus imparting a spin to a projectile around its longitudinal axis during shooting.
A round shot (or solid shot, or a cannonball, or simply ball) is a solid projectile without explosive charge, fired from a cannon.
A semi-automatic firearm, or self-loading firearm, is one that not only fires a bullet each time the trigger is pulled, but also performs all steps necessary to prepare it to discharge again—assuming cartridges remain in the firearm's feed device.
In physics, a shock wave (also spelled shockwave), or shock, is a type of propagating disturbance.
Shooting is the act or process of discharging a projectile from a ranged weapon (such as a gun, slingshot, crossbow, or bow. Even the acts of launching/discharging artillery, darts, grenades, rockets and guided missiles can be considered acts of shooting. When using a firearm, the act of shooting is often called firing as it involves initiating a combustion process (deflagration). Shooting can take place in a shooting range or in the field, in shooting sports, hunting or in combat. A person involved in the shooting activity is a shooter. A proficient shooter is a marksman or sharpshooter. A person's level of shooting proficiency is referred to as marksmanship.
Shot is a collective term for small balls or pellets, often made of lead.
A shotgun (also known as a scattergun, or historically as a fowling piece) is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile called a slug.
A shotgun shell is a self-contained cartridge typically loaded with multiple metallic "shot", which are small, generally spherical projectiles.
A modern shotgun slug is a heavy projectile made of lead, copper, or other material and fired from a shotgun.
A silencer, suppressor, sound suppressor, or sound moderator is a device that reduces the sound intensity and muzzle flash when a firearm or air gun is discharged.
Single-shot firearms are firearms that hold only a single round of ammunition, and must be reloaded after each shot.
A slug barrel is a barrel for a shotgun that is designed primarily to fire slugs.
Small arms include handguns (revolvers and pistols) and long guns, such as rifles, carbines, shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, personal defense weapons, and light machine guns.
A smoothbore weapon is one that has a barrel without rifling.
Sound intensity level also known as acoustic intensity is defined as the power carried by sound waves per unit area in a direction perpendicular to that area.
The specific strength is a material's strength (force per unit area at failure) divided by its density.
In everyday use and in kinematics, the speed of an object is the magnitude of its velocity (the rate of change of its position); it is thus a scalar quantity.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
Stiffness is the rigidity of an object — the extent to which it resists deformation in response to an applied force.
Strength of materials, also called mechanics of materials, is a subject which deals with the behavior of solid objects subject to stresses and strains.
In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
The surface-area-to-volume ratio, also called the surface-to-volume ratio and variously denoted sa/vol or SA:V, is the amount of surface area per unit volume of an object or collection of objects.
Threading is the process of creating a screw thread.
A trajectory or flight path is the path that a massive object in motion follows through space as a function of time.
Transitional ballistics, also known as intermediate ballistics, at Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Accessed April 27, 2009 is the study of a projectile's behavior from the time it leaves the muzzle until the pressure behind the projectile is equalized, so it lies between internal ballistics and external ballistics.
Tubes and primers are used to ignite the propellant in projectile weapons.
Wear is the damaging, gradual removal or deformation of material at solid surfaces.
puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).