237 relations: Agnes Wenman, Viscountess Wenman, Albert VII, Archduke of Austria, Alcester, Ambrose Rookwood, Anne of Denmark, Anne Stanley, Countess of Castlehaven, Anne Vaux, Anniversary Days Observance Act 1859, Anthony-Maria Browne, 2nd Viscount Montagu, Archpriest, Arraignment, Ashby St Ledgers, Ashmolean Museum, Assizes, Attorney General for England and Wales, Ben Jonson, Bill (law), Boston, British Library, Buckinghamshire, Bye Plot, Calais, Catholic Church in England and Wales, Catholic emancipation, Cavalry, Charles I of England, Chastleton, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Church of England, Claudio Acquaviva, Clergy, Clopton House, Coldham Hall, Confession (law), Conspiracy theory, Coombe Abbey, Coughton Court, Coventry, Cutlery, Daventry, Decapitation, Demonology, Divine right of kings, Drayton, Northamptonshire, Dudley Carleton, 1st Viscount Dorchester, Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, Dunchurch, Dutch Revolt, Edward Coke, Edward Phelips (speaker), ..., Edward Seymour, Lord Beauchamp, Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester, Edward Stourton, 10th Baron Stourton, Elizabeth I of England, Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia, Elizabethan Religious Settlement, Enfield Chase, Epigram, Equivocation, Esther Forbes, Eucharist, Everard Digby, Faggot (unit), Fireworks, Fleet Prison, Francis Ingleby, Francis Tresham, Frederick II of Denmark, Gatehouse Prison, Gayhurst House, Gentleman of the Bedchamber, George Blackwell, George Brooke (conspirator), George Home, 1st Earl of Dunbar, Griffin Markham, Guildhall, London, Gunpowder, Guy Fawkes, Guy Fawkes Night, Hagley, Hanged, drawn and quartered, Heir presumptive, Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, Henry Garnet, Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton, Henry III of France, Henry IV of France, Henry IV, Part 1, Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Henry VIII of England, High Sheriff of Worcestershire, High treason in the United Kingdom, Hindlip Hall, Holbeche House, Honourable Corps of Gentlemen at Arms, House of Commons of England, House of Lords, House of Tudor, Hoxton, Huddington Court, Humphrey Littleton, Isabella Clara Eugenia, ITV (TV network), Jacques Clément, James VI and I, John and Christopher Wright, John Evelyn, John Gerard (Jesuit), John Grant (Gunpowder Plot), John Hippisley (parliamentarian), John Lyttelton (MP), John Milton, John Popham (judge), John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, John Talbot of Grafton, Juan de Mariana, Juan de Tassis, 2nd Count of Villamediana, Jury, Justice of the Common Pleas, Kirk o' Field, Lady Arbella Stuart, Lady Day, Lambeth, Lewes, Lincolnshire, Little Brickhill, London, London Wall, Lord Chamberlain, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, Lord of the manor, Low Countries, Macbeth, Main Plot, Mary, Queen of Scots, Master of the Rolls, Michaelmas, Nicholas Owen (Jesuit), Norbrook, Northamptonshire, Nursery rhyme, Observance of 5th November Act 1605, Old Palace Yard, Old Style and New Style dates, Oswald Tesimond, Oxford, Palace of Westminster, Palace of Whitehall, Papist, Paradise Lost, Parliament of England, Philip II of Spain, Philip III of Spain, Pilgrimage, Plague (disease), Pocket watch, Pope Clement VIII, Pope Night, Popish Plot, Popish Recusants Act 1605, Prestwood (Kinver), Priest hole, Privy council, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Protestantism, Prussia, Purchasing power, Rack (torture), Recusancy, Red Hill, Worcester, Republic of Venice, Richard Walsh (English politician), River Thames, Robert Abercromby (Jesuit), Robert and Thomas Wintour, Robert Catesby, Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, Robert Keyes, Ronald Hutton, Rosary, Rushton Hall, Samuel Rawson Gardiner, Saxony, Seal of the Confessional in the Catholic Church, Secretary of State (England), Shilling (British coin), Slow match, Snitterfield, Society of Jesus, Southern Netherlands, Spanish Armada, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), Staffordshire, Stanningfield, Star Chamber, State Opening of Parliament, Stonyhurst College, Strand, London, Strangury, Stratford-upon-Avon, Suffolk, Superior (hierarchy), Sussex Bonfire Societies, The Gunpowder Plot: Exploding The Legend, The Midlands, TheGuardian.com, Thomas Barlow (bishop), Thomas Bates, Thomas Fleming (judge), Thomas Grey, 15th Baron Grey de Wilton, Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk, Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, Thomas Knyvet, 1st Baron Knyvet, Thomas Percy (Gunpowder Plot), Thomas Tresham (died 1605), Thomas Walmsley (judge), Torture, Tower of London, Treason, Undercroft, Walter Raleigh, Warwick Castle, Watling Street, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, Westminster Abbey, Whitehall, Will of Henry VIII of England, William Cavendish, 1st Earl of Devonshire, William Clark (priest), William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, William Shakespeare, William Stanley (Elizabethan), William Watson (priest), Worcester. Expand index (187 more) » « Shrink index
Agnes, Viscountess Wenman (died 1617) was an English Roman Catholic woman, under suspicion of involvement at the time of the Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Albert VII (Albrecht VII) (13 November 1559 – 13 July 1621) was the ruling Archduke of Austria for a few months in 1619 and, jointly with his wife, Isabella Clara Eugenia, sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands between 1598 and 1621.
Alcester is a market town and civil parish of Roman origin at the junction of the River Alne and River Arrow in Warwickshire, England, approximately west of Stratford-upon-Avon, and 8 miles south of Redditch, close to the Worcestershire border.
Ambrose Rookwood (c. 1578 – 31 January 1606) was a member of the failed 1605 Gunpowder Plot, a conspiracy to replace the Protestant King James I with a Catholic monarch.
Anne of Denmark (12 December 1574 – 2 March 1619) was Queen consort of Scotland, England, and Ireland by marriage to King James VI and I. The second daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark, Anne married James in 1589 at age 15 and bore him three children who survived infancy, including the future Charles I. She demonstrated an independent streak and a willingness to use factional Scottish politics in her conflicts with James over the custody of Prince Henry and his treatment of her friend Beatrix Ruthven.
Anne Stanley (May 1580 - Harefield, about 8 October 1647) was an English noblewoman.
Anne Vaux (c. 1562 – in or after 1637) was a wealthy Catholic recusant.
The Anniversary Days Observance Act (22 Vict. c. 2; formal long title An Act to repeal certain Acts and Parts of Acts which relate to the Observance of the Thirtieth of January and other Days) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which repealed several laws mandating "political services" or "state services": observance by the Church of England and Church of Ireland of certain anniversaries from 17th-century political history.
Anthony-Maria Browne (1574 – 23 October, 1629) was an English peer during the Tudor and Stuart period.
An archpriest is an ecclesiastical title for certain priests with supervisory duties over a number of parishes.
Arraignment is a formal reading of a criminal charging document in the presence of the defendant to inform the defendant of the charges against them.
Ashby St Ledgers is a village in the Daventry district of Northamptonshire, England.
The Ashmolean Museum (in full the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England, is the world's first university museum.
The courts of assize, or assizes, were periodic courts held around England and Wales until 1972, when together with the quarter sessions they were abolished by the Courts Act 1971 and replaced by a single permanent Crown Court.
Her Majesty's Attorney General for England and Wales, usually known simply as the Attorney General, is one of the Law Officers of the Crown.
Benjamin Jonson (c. 11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) was an English playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy.
A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
The Bye Plot of 1603 was a conspiracy, by Roman Catholic priests and Puritans aiming at tolerance for their respective denominations, to kidnap the new English King, James I of England.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
The Catholic Church in England and Wales is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in full communion with the Pope.
Catholic emancipation or Catholic relief was a process in the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century that involved reducing and removing many of the restrictions on Roman Catholics introduced by the Act of Uniformity, the Test Acts and the penal laws.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Chastleton is a village and civil parish in the Cotswold Hills in Oxfordshire, England, about northeast of Stow-on-the-Wold.
The Chief Baron of the Exchequer was the first "baron" (i.e., judge) of the English Exchequer of Pleas.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
Claudio Acquaviva, S.J. (14 September 1543 – 31 January 1615) was an Italian Jesuit priest elected in 1581 the fifth Superior General of the Society of Jesus.
Clergy are some of the main and important formal leaders within certain religions.
Clopton House is a 17th-century country mansion near Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire, now converted into residential apartments.
Coldham Hall is a Grade I listed building, built in 1574, that is located in the parish of Stanningfield in Suffolk.
In the law of criminal evidence, a confession is a statement by a suspect in crime which is adverse to that person.
A conspiracy theory is an explanation of an event or situation that invokes an unwarranted conspiracy, generally one involving an illegal or harmful act carried out by government or other powerful actors.
Coombe Abbey is a hotel which has been developed from a historic grade I listed building and former country house.
Coughton Court is an English Tudor country house, situated on the main road between Studley and Alcester in Warwickshire.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
Cutlery includes any hand implement used in preparing, serving, and especially eating food in Western culture.
Daventry (historically) is a market town in Northamptonshire, England, with a population of 25,026.
Decapitation is the complete separation of the head from the body.
Demonology is the study of demons or beliefs about demons, especially the methods used to summon and control them.
The divine right of kings, divine right, or God's mandate is a political and religious doctrine of royal and political legitimacy.
Drayton is a hamlet in England, in the county of Northamptonshire, in the parish of Daventry, from the centre, occupying mainly with suburban housing the lower-lying north western side of the town.
Dudley Carleton, 1st Viscount Dorchester (10 March 1573 – 15 February 1632) was an English art collector, diplomat and Secretary of State.
Duke of Buckingham and Normanby was a title in the Peerage of England.
Dunchurch is a village and civil parish on the south-western outskirts of Rugby in Warwickshire, England.
The Dutch Revolt (1568–1648)This article adopts 1568 as the starting date of the war, as this was the year of the first battles between armies.
Sir Edward Coke ("cook", formerly; 1 February 1552 – 3 September 1634) was an English barrister, judge, and politician who is considered to be the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras.
Sir Edward Phelips (ca. 1555/15601614) was an English lawyer and politician, the Speaker of the English House of Commons from 1604 until 1611, and subsequently Master of the Rolls from 1611 until his death in 1614.
Edward Seymour, Lord Beauchamp of Hatch (21 September 1561 – 21 July 1612) had a theoretical strong claim to the throne of England, but in reality, he was a cipher whose legitimacy was questioned.
Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester, KG, Earl Marshal (c. 1550 – 3 March 1628) was an English aristocrat.
Edward Stourton, 10th Baron Stourton (c. 1555-7 May 1633) was a younger son of Charles Stourton, 8th Baron Stourton and Lady Anne Stanley, daughter of Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Elizabeth Stuart (19 August 1596 – 13 February 1662) was Electress of the Palatinate and briefly Queen of Bohemia as the wife of Frederick V of the Palatinate.
The Elizabethan Religious Settlement, which was made during the reign of Elizabeth I, was a response to the religious divisions in England during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I. This response, described as "The Revolution of 1559", was set out in two Acts.
Enfield Chase is an area in the London Borough of Enfield, north London.
An epigram is a brief, interesting, memorable, and sometimes surprising or satirical statement.
In logic, equivocation ('calling two different things by the same name') is an informal fallacy resulting from the use of a particular word/expression in multiple senses throughout an argument leading to a false conclusion.
Esther Louise Forbes (June 28, 1891 – August 12, 1967) was an American novelist, historian and children's writer who received the Pulitzer Prize and the Newbery Medal.
The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion or the Lord's Supper, among other names) is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches and an ordinance in others.
Sir Everard Digby (c. 1578 – 30 January 1606) was a member of the group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
A faggot, in the meaning of "bundle", is an archaic English unit applied to bundles of certain items.
Fireworks are a class of low explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and entertainment purposes.
Fleet Prison was a notorious London prison by the side of the River Fleet.
Blessed Francis Ingleby (c. 1551 – 3 June 1586) was a Roman Catholic martyr executed in York, England during the reign of Elizabeth I. Born about 1551, he was the fourth son of Sir William Ingleby and Anne Malory of Ripley Castle, North Yorkshire.
Francis Tresham (1567 – 23 December 1605), eldest son of Thomas Tresham and Merial Throckmorton, was a member of the group of English provincial Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605, a conspiracy to assassinate King James I of England.
Frederick II (1 July 1534 – 4 April 1588) was King of Denmark and Norway and Duke of Schleswig from 1559 until his death.
Gatehouse Prison was a prison in Westminster, built in 1370 as the gatehouse of Westminster Abbey.
Gayhurst House (now known as Gayhurst Court) is a late-ElizabethanThe Buildings of England: Buckinghamshire, p. 335.
Gentleman of the Bedchamber was a title in the royal household of the Kingdom of England from the 11th century, later used also in the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Father George Blackwell (c. 1545 – 12 January, 1613) was Roman Catholic Archpriest of England from 1597 to 1608.
The Rev. Sir George Brooke (17 April 1568 - 5 December 1603) was an English aristocrat, executed for his part in two plots against the government of King James I.
George Home, 1st Earl of Dunbar, KG, PC (ca. 155620 January 1611) was, in the last decade of his life, the most prominent and most influential Scotsman in England.
Sir Griffin Markham (d. aft. 1644) was an English soldier.
Guildhall is a Grade I-listed building in the City of London, England.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
Guy Fawkes (13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606), also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Guy Fawkes Night, also known as Guy Fawkes Day, Bonfire Night and Firework Night, is an annual commemoration observed on 5 November, primarily in Great Britain.
Hagley is a village and civil parish in Worcestershire, England.
To be hanged, drawn and quartered was from 1352 a statutory penalty in England for men convicted of high treason, although the ritual was first recorded during the reign of King Henry III (1216–1272).
An heir presumptive or heiress presumptive is the person entitled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honour, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an heir apparent, male or female, or of a new heir presumptive with a better claim to the position in question.
Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham (22 November 1564 – 24 January 1618 (Old Style)/3 February 1618 (New Style)) was an English peer who was implicated in the Main Plot against the rule of James I of England.
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (19 February 1594 – 6 November 1612) was the elder son of James VI and I, King of England and Scotland, and his wife, Anne of Denmark.
Henry Garnet (July 1555 – 3 May 1606), sometimes Henry Garnett, was an English Jesuit priest executed for his complicity in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton (25 February 1540 – 15 June 1614) was an important English aristocrat and courtier.
Henry III (19 September 1551 – 2 August 1589; born Alexandre Édouard de France, Henryk Walezy, Henrikas Valua) was King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1573 to 1575 and King of France from 1574 until his death.
Henry IV (Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet Good King Henry, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610.
Henry IV, Part 1 is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written no later than 1597.
Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, KG (27 April 1564 – 5 November 1632) was an English nobleman.
Henry Stuart (or Stewart), Duke of Albany (7 December 1545 – 10 February 1567), styled as Lord Darnley until 1565, was king consort of Scotland from 1565 until his murder at Kirk o' Field in 1567.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
This is a list of sheriffs and since 1998 high sheriffs of Worcestershire.
Under the law of the United Kingdom, high treason is the crime of disloyalty to the Crown.
Hindlip Hall is in Worcestershire.
Holbeche House (also, in some texts, Holbeach or Holbeache) is a mansion located approximately north of Kingswinford, now in the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley but historically in Staffordshire.
Her Majesty's Body Guard of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen at Arms is a bodyguard to the British Monarch.
The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England (which incorporated Wales) from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Tudor was an English royal house of Welsh origin, descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd.
Hoxton is an area of East London, part of the London Borough of Hackney, England.
Huddington Court is a 15th-century moated manor house in the village of Huddington in Worcestershire, England, some six miles east of Worcester.
Humphrey Littleton, or Humphrey Lyttelton, died on 7 April 1606 at Red Hill outside Worcester.
Isabella Clara Eugenia (Isabel Clara Eugenia; 12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries and the north of modern France, together with her husband Albert VII, Archduke of Austria.
ITV is a British commercial TV network.
Jacques Clément (1567 – 1 August 1589) was a French conspirator and the killer of king Henry III.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
John (Jack) Wright (January 1568 – 8 November 1605), and Christopher (Kit) Wright (1570? – 8 November 1605), were members of the group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605, a conspiracy to assassinate King James I by blowing up the House of Lords.
John Evelyn, FRS (31 October 1620 – 27 February 1706) was an English writer, gardener and diarist.
John Gerard (4 October 1564 – 27 July 1637) was an English Jesuit priest, operating covertly in England during the Elizabethan era in which the Catholic Church was subject to persecution. He was the second son of Sir Thomas Gerard of Bryn, in Ashton-in-Makerfield, Lancashire. Gerard is noted not only for successfully hiding from the English authorities for eight years before his capture, but for enduring extensive torture, escaping from the Tower of London and, after recovering, continuing with his covert mission. After his escape to the continent, he was later instructed by his Jesuit superiors to write a book about his life (in Latin). An English translation, published in 1951, is a rare first-hand account of the dangerous world of a Catholic priest in Elizabethan England.
John Grant (c. 1570 – 30 January 1606) was a member of the failed Gunpowder Plot, a conspiracy to replace the Protestant King James I of England with a Catholic monarch.
Sir John Hippisley was an English privateer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1653.
Sir John Lyttelton MP JP (1561–1601) was an English politician, knight, and member of the Lyttelton family who served as Member of Parliament for Worcestershire during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. He was the eldest son of Sir Gilbert Lyttelton.
John Milton (9 December 16088 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell.
Sir John Popham (1531 – 10 June 1607) of Wellington, Somerset, was Speaker of the House of Commons (1580 to 1583), Attorney General (1581 to 1592) and Lord Chief Justice of England (1592 to 1607).
John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie (c. 1577 – 5 August 1600) was a Scottish nobleman who succeeded his brother, James, the 2nd Earl, as Earl of Gowrie following James' death in 1586.
Sir John Talbot of Grafton, Worcestershire (1545 – 28 January 1611) was a prominent recusant English Catholic layman of the reigns of Elizabeth I of England and James I of England.
Juan de Mariana, also known as Father Mariana (25 September 1536 – 17 February 1624), was a Spanish Jesuit priest, Scholastic, historian, and member of the Monarchomachs.
Don Juan de Tassis y Peralta, 2nd Count of Villamediana, (es: Don Juan de Tassis y Peralta, segundo conde de Villamediana; 1582 – 21 August 1622), was a Spanish poet.
A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.
Justice of the Common Pleas was a puisne judicial position within the Court of Common Pleas of England and Wales, under the Chief Justice.
Kirk o' Field in Edinburgh, Scotland, is best known as the site of the murder on 10 February 1567 of Lord Darnley, second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, and father of King James VI.
Lady Arbella Stuart (1575 – 25 September 1615; also spelled Arabella, Stewart) was an English noblewoman who was for some time considered a possible successor to Queen Elizabeth I of England.
In the western liturgical year, Lady Day is the traditional name in some English speaking countries of the Feast of the Annunciation (25 March), known in the 1549 Prayer Book of Edward VI and the 1667 Book of Common Prayer as "The Annunciation of the (Blessed) Virgin Mary" but more accurately (as currently in the 1997 Calendar of the Church of England) termed "The Annunciation of our Lord to the Blessed Virgin Mary".
Lambeth is a district in Central London, England, in the London Borough of Lambeth.
Lewes is the county town of East Sussex and formerly all of Sussex.
Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.
Little Brickhill is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Milton Keynes and ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire, England.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Wall was the defensive wall first built by the Romans around Londinium, their strategically important port town on the River Thames in what is now London, England, and subsequently maintained until the 18th century.
The Lord Chamberlain or Lord Chamberlain of the Household is the most senior officer of the Royal Household of the United Kingdom, supervising the departments which support and provide advice to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom while also acting as the main channel of communication between the Sovereign and the House of Lords.
The Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales is the head of the judiciary and President of the Courts of England and Wales.
In British or Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
Macbeth (full title The Tragedy of Macbeth) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare; it is thought to have been first performed in 1606.
The Main Plot was an alleged conspiracy of July 1603 by English courtiers, to remove King James I from the English throne and to replace him with his cousin Arabella (or Arbella) Stuart.
Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.
The Keeper or Master of the Rolls and Records of the Chancery of England, known as the Master of the Rolls, is the second-most senior judge in England and Wales after the Lord Chief Justice, and serves as President of the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal and Head of Civil Justice.
Michaelmas (also known as the Feast of Saints Michael, Gabriel, and Sosa, the Feast of the Archangels, or the Feast of Saint Michael and All Angels) is a minor Christian festival observed in some Western liturgical calendars on 29 September.
Saint Nicholas Owen, S.J., (c. 1562 – 1/2 March 1606) was a Jesuit lay brother who was the principal builder of priest holes during the reigns of Queen Elizabeth I and James I of England.
Norbrook is an upscale neighbourhood of the Kingston Metropolitan Area of Jamaica, with approximately 15,000 residents and is an important residential, shopping and commercial centre of the city itself.
Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England.
A nursery rhyme is a traditional poem or song for children in Britain and many other countries, but usage of the term only dates from the late 18th/early 19th century.
The Observance of 5th November Act 1605, also known as the "Thanksgiving Act", was an Act of the Parliament of England passed in 1606 in the aftermath of the Gunpowder Plot.
Old Palace Yard is a paved open space in the City of Westminster in Central London, England.
Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written.
Oswald Tesimond (1563 – 23 August 1636) was a Jesuit born in either Northumberland or YorkHenry Hawkes Spinks, Jr., The Gunpowder Plot and Lord Mounteagle's Letter, Kessinger, 1902 who, while not a direct conspirator, had some involvement in the Gunpowder Plot.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Palace of Whitehall (or Palace of White Hall) at Westminster, Middlesex, was the main residence of the English monarchs from 1530 until 1698, when most of its structures, except for Inigo Jones's Banqueting House of 1622, were destroyed by fire.
Papist is a pejorative term referring to the Roman Catholic Church, its teachings, practices, or adherents.
Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton (1608–1674).
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
Philip III (Felipe; 14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621) was King of Spain.
A pilgrimage is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance.
Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
A pocket watch (or pocketwatch) is a watch that is made to be carried in a pocket, as opposed to a wristwatch, which is strapped to the wrist.
Pope Clement VIII (Clemens VIII; 24 February 1536 – 5 March 1605), born Ippolito Aldobrandini, was Pope from 2 February 1592 to his death in 1605.
Pope Night (also called Pope's Night, Pope Day, or Pope's Day) was an anti-Catholic holiday celebrated annually on November 5 in the colonial United States.
The Popish Plot was a fictitious conspiracy concocted by Titus Oates that between 1678 and 1681 gripped the Kingdoms of England and Scotland in anti-Catholic hysteria.
The Popish Recusants Act 1605 (3 Jac.1, c. 4) was an act of the Parliament of England which quickly followed the Gunpowder Plot of the same year, an attempt by English Roman Catholics to assassinate King James I and many of the Parliament.
Prestwood is a hamlet now in the parish of Kinver, but in the Kingswinford until the creation of Brierley Hill Urban District in the 1930s.
A priest hole is a hiding place for a priest built into many of the principal Catholic houses of England during the period when Catholics were persecuted by law in England.
A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Purchasing power (sometimes retroactively called adjusted for inflation) is the number and quality or value of goods and services that can be purchased with a unit of currency.
The rack is a torture device consisting of a rectangular, usually wooden frame, slightly raised from the ground, with a roller at one or both ends.
Recusancy was the state of those who refused to attend Anglican services during the history of England and Wales and of Ireland; these individuals were known as recusants.
Red Hill is an area of Worcester, Worcestershire, England.
The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.
Sir Richard Walsh was an English politician who served as High Sheriff of Worcestershire and is noted for his role in defeating Robert Catesby's remaining followers at Holbeche House following the failure of the Gunpowder Plot.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
Father Robert Abercromby (1536 – 27 April 1613), whose surname was also spelled as Abrecromby and Abercrombie, and was known by such pseudonyms as Robert Sandiesoun and Sanders Robertson, was a Scottish Jesuit missionary.
Robert Wintour (1568 – 30 January 1606) and Thomas Wintour (1571 or 1572 – 31 January 1606), also spelt Winter, were members of the Gunpowder Plot, a failed conspiracy to assassinate King James I. Brothers, they were related to other conspirators, such as their cousin, Robert Catesby, and a half-brother, John Wintour, also joined them following the plot's failure.
Robert Catesby (born no earlier than 3 March 1572, died 8 November 1605) was the leader of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, (1 June 1563? – 24 May 1612) was an English statesman noted for his skillful direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule (1603).
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, KG, PC (10 November 1565 – 25 February 1601), was an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth I. Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599.
Robert Keyes was a member of the group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605, a conspiracy to assassinate King James I by blowing up the House of Lords during the State Opening of Parliament on 5 November 1605.
Ronald Hutton (born 1953) is an English historian who specialises in the study of Early Modern Britain, British folklore, pre-Christian religion and contemporary Paganism.
The Holy Rosary (rosarium, in the sense of "crown of roses" or "garland of roses"), also known as the Dominican Rosary, refers to a form of prayer used in the Catholic Church and to the string of knots or beads used to count the component prayers.
Rushton Hall in Rushton, Northamptonshire, England, was the ancestral home of the Tresham family from 1438, when William Tresham bought the estate.
Samuel Rawson Gardiner (4 March 1829 – 24 February 1902) was an English historian, who specialized in 17th-century English history.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
In the Roman Catholic Church, the Seal of Confession (or Seal of the Confessional) is the absolute duty of priests not to disclose anything that they learn from penitents during the course of the Sacrament of Penance (confession).
In the Kingdom of England, the title of Secretary of State came into being near the end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603), the usual title before that having been King's Clerk, King's Secretary, or Principal Secretary.
The shilling (1/-) was a coin worth one twentieth of a pound sterling, or twelve pence.
Slow match, slowmatch or match cord is the slow-burning cord or twine fuse used by early gunpowder musketeers, artillerymen, and soldiers to ignite matchlock muskets, cannons, shells, and petards.
Snitterfield is a village and civil parish in the Stratford on Avon district of Warwickshire, England, less than to the north of the A46 road, from Stratford upon Avon, from Warwick and from Coventry.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
The Southern Netherlands, also called the Catholic Netherlands, was the part of the Low Countries largely controlled by Spain (1556–1714), later Austria (1714–1794), and occupied then annexed by France (1794–1815).
The Spanish Armada (Grande y Felicísima Armada, literally "Great and Most Fortunate Navy") was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in late May 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia, with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.
Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England.
Stanningfield is an English village in the parish of Bradfield Combust with Stanningfield, in the St Edmundsbury District of the county of Suffolk.
The Star Chamber (Latin: Camera stellata) was an English court of law which sat at the royal Palace of Westminster, from the late to the mid-17th century (c. 1641), and was composed of Privy Councillors and common-law judges, to supplement the judicial activities of the common-law and equity courts in civil and criminal matters.
The State Opening of Parliament is an event which formally marks the beginning of a session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Stonyhurst College is a coeducational Roman Catholic independent school, adhering to the Jesuit tradition, on the Stonyhurst Estate, Lancashire, England.
Strand (or the Strand) is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster, Central London.
Strangury is the symptom described in Western medicine and Chinese traditional medicine, characterized by painful, frequent urination of small volumes that are expelled slowly only by straining and despite a severe sense of urgency, usually with the residual feeling of incomplete emptying.
Stratford-upon-Avon is a market town and civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon District, in the county of Warwickshire, England, on the River Avon, north west of London, south east of Birmingham, and south west of Warwick.
Suffolk is an East Anglian county of historic origin in England.
In a hierarchy or tree structure of any kind, a superior is an individual or position at a higher level in the hierarchy than another (a "subordinate" or "inferior"), and thus closer to the apex.
The Sussex Bonfire Societies are responsible for the series of bonfire festivals concentrated on central and eastern Sussex, with further festivals in parts of Surrey and Kent from September to November each year.
The Gunpowder Plot: Exploding The Legend was a British television show, hosted by Richard Hammond that recreated elements of the Gunpowder Plot in which Guy Fawkes attempted to blow up the House of Lords.
The Midlands is a cultural and geographic area roughly spanning central England that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia.
TheGuardian.com, formerly known as Guardian.co.uk and Guardian Unlimited, is a British news and media website owned by the Guardian Media Group.
Thomas Barlow (1608/9 – 8 October 1691) was an English academic and clergyman, who became Provost of The Queen's College, Oxford, and Bishop of Lincoln.
Thomas Bates (1567 – 30 January 1606) was a member of the group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Sir Thomas Fleming (April 1544 – 7 August 1613) was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1581 and 1611.
Thomas Grey, 15th Baron Grey de Wilton (died 1614) was an English aristocrat, soldier and conspirator.
Admiral Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk, (24 August 156128 May 1626) was a son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk by his second wife Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk, the daughter and heiress of the 1st Baron Audley of Walden.
Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel KG, (7 July 1586 – 4 October 1646) was a prominent English courtier during the reigns of King James I and King Charles I, but he made his name as a Grand Tourist and art collector rather than as a politician.
Thomas Knyvet, 1st Baron Knyvet (or Knevytt, Knyvett, Knevett, Knevitt; 1545 – 27 July 1622) was an English courtier and Member of Parliament who played a part in foiling the Gunpowder Plot.
Thomas Percy (– 8 November 1605) was a member of the group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Sir Thomas Tresham (1543 – 11 September 1605) was a prominent recusant Catholic landowner in Elizabethan Northamptonshire.
Sir Thomas Walmsley (also Walmesley and Walmisley) (1537–1612) was an English judge and politician.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.
An undercroft is traditionally a cellar or storage room, often brick-lined and vaulted, and used for storage in buildings since medieval times.
Sir Walter Raleigh (or; circa 155429 October 1618) was an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer.
Warwick Castle is a medieval castle developed from an original built by William the Conqueror in 1068.
Watling Street is a route in England and Wales that began as an ancient trackway first used by the Britons, mainly between the areas of modern Canterbury and using a natural ford near Westminster.
Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd (established 1948), often shortened to W&N or Weidenfeld, is a British publisher of fiction and reference books.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
Whitehall is a road in the City of Westminster, Central London, which forms the first part of the A3212 road from Trafalgar Square to Chelsea.
The will of Henry VIII of England was a significant constitutional document, or set of contested documents created in the 1530s and 1540s, and affecting English and Scottish politics for the rest of the 16th century.
William Cavendish, 1st Earl of Devonshire MP (27 December 1552 – 3 March 1626) was an English nobleman, politician, and courtier.
William Clark (died 1603) was an English Roman Catholic priest and conspirator.
William Parker, 13th Baron Morley, 4th Baron Monteagle (15751 July 1622) was an English peer, best known for his role in the discovery of the Gunpowder Plot.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Sir William Stanley (1548 – 3 March 1630), son of Sir Rowland Stanley of Hooton (died 1612), was a member of the Stanley family.
William Watson (c. 23 April 1559 – 9 December 1603) was an English Roman Catholic priest and conspirator, executed for treason.
Worcester is a city in Worcestershire, England, southwest of Birmingham, west-northwest of London, north of Gloucester and northeast of Hereford.