95 relations: Ajit Singh (Sikhism), Akal Ustat, Amrita, Anandpur Sahib, Assam, Assassination, Aurangzeb, Bachittar Natak, Baj Singh, Banda Singh Bahadur, Bathinda, Battle of Anandpur (1700), Battle of Anandpur (1701), Battle of Basoli, Battle of Bhangani, Battle of Chamkaur (1704), Battle of Guler (1696), Battle of Muktsar, Battle of Nadaun, Battle of Nirmohgarh (1702), Battle of Sarsa, Bengal, Bhai Jiwan Singh, Bihar, Binod Singh, Chandi di Var, Chaupai (Sikhism), Dasam Granth, Delhi, Dharma, Falcon, Fateh Singh (Sikhism), First Battle of Anandpur (1704), First Battle of Chamkaur (1702), Ganga Sagar (urn), Godavari River, Guru, Guru Arjan, Guru Gobind Singh, Guru Gobind Singh Children's Foundation, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Hargobind, Guru Nanak, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Harvest festival, Hazur Sahib Nanded, India, Jaap Sahib, Jizya, ..., Jujhar Singh, Kacchera, Kangha (Sikhism), Kara (Sikhism), Kashmiri Pandit, Kesh (Sikhism), Khalsa, Kirpan, List of places named after Guru Gobind Singh, Malwa (Punjab), Markandeya Purana, Mata Gujri, Mata Jito, Mata Sahib Kaur, Mata Sundari, Mazhabi Sikh, Moksha, Mughal Empire, Nanded, Nitnem, Panj Pyare, Patna, Patna City, Philosopher, Poet, Puranas, Ranjit Singh, Sarbloh Granth, Second Battle of Anandpur, Sikh, Sikh gurus, Sikhism, Singh, Sodhi, Spirituality, Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Tav-Prasad Savaiye, The Five Ks, Vaisakhi, Victoria Cross, Warrior, Wazir Khan (Sirhind), Wound, Zafarnama (letter), Zorawar Singh (Sikhism). Expand index (45 more) » « Shrink index
Ajit Singh (26 January 1687 – 7 December 1705), also referred to with honorifics as Sahibzada Ajit Singh or Baba Ajit Singh, was the eldest son of Guru Gobind Singh.
Akal Ustat is the name given to the second Bani in the second holy scriptures of the Sikhs called the Dasam Granth.
Amrita (अमृत, IAST: amṛta), Amrit or Amata (also called Sudha, Amiy, Ami) is a word that literally means "immortality" and is often referred to in texts as nectar.
Anandpur Sahib, sometimes referred to simply as Anandpur (lit. "city of bliss"), is a city in Rupnagar district (Ropar), on the edge of Shivalik Hills, in the state of Punjab, India.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
Assassination is the killing of a prominent person, either for political or religious reasons or for payment.
Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (محي الدين محمد) (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known by the sobriquet Aurangzeb (اَورنگزیب), (اورنگزیب "Ornament of the Throne") or by his regnal title Alamgir (عالمگِیر), (عالمگير "Conqueror of the World"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor.
Bachittar Natak (or Bachitar/Bichittar) (ਬਚਿੱਤਰ ਨਾਟਕ, literally Resplendent Drama) is from Dasam Granth, ang (page) 94 to ang 175 of the 2326 ang.
Sardar Baj Singh, also known as Baj Bahadur, was an eighteenth-century Sikh general, governor, scholar and martyr.
Banda Singh Bahadur (born Lachman Dev) (27 October 1670 – 9 June 1716, Delhi), was a Sikh military commander who established a Sikh state with capital at Lohgarh (Haryana).
Bathinda (also known as Tabar-e-Hind or Tabarhindh meaning the Gateway to India) is a city and Municipal Corporation in Southern part of Punjab, India.
The Battle of Anandpur was fought at Anandpur, between the armies of the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal forces aided by the Nawab of Bahawalpur state, Rajas of the Sivalik Hills.
The Battle of Anandpur (1701) was fought at Anandpur, between the armies of the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh and the Rajas of the Sivalik Hills.
The Battle of Basoli was fought between Mughal Empire and the Sikhs.
The Battle of Bhangani (ਭੰਗਾਣੀ ਦਾ ਯੁੱਧ) was fought between Guru Gobind Singh's army and the combined forces of many Rajas of the Sivalik Hills (pahari rajas), on 18 September 1686, at Bhangani near Paonta Sahib.
The Battle of Chamkaur, also known as Battle of Chamkaur Sahib, was fought between the Khalsa led by Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal forces led by Wazir Khan.
The Battle of Guler was fought between the armies of the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal forces aided by Rajas of the Sivalik Hills.
The Battle of Muktsar or Battle of Khidrāne Dee Dhāb took place on 8 May 1705, (21 Vaisakh 1762 Bikrami calendar) following the siege of Anandpur.
The Battle of Nadaun was fought at Nadaun, between Raja Bhim Chand of Bilaspur (Kahlur) and the Mughals under Alif Khan.
The Battle of Nirmohgarh was fought between Sikhs and the Mughal Empire in 1702.
Battle of Sarsa was fought between Khalsa and Mughal Empire.
Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
Baba Jiwan Singh (also spelled Jivan and Jeevan) (Bhai Jaita before baptism) (1649–1704) was a Majhabi Sikh General and an accomplice, companion and friend of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs.
Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.
Akaali Baba Binod Singh Nihang(ਬਿਨੋਦ ਸਿੰਘ), descendant of Guru Angad, was an armymen and disciple of Guru Gobind Singh and was among few Sikhs who accompanied him to Nanded in 1708.
Chandi di Var (lit. "Chandi's deeds") is a composition written by Guru Gobind Singh, included in the 5th chapter of Dasam Granth.
Benti Chaupai (also referred to as Chaupai Sahib) is a hymn by Guru Gobind Singh.
The Dasam Patishah Ji Da Granth (Gurmukhi: ਦਸਮ ਪਾਤਿਸ਼ਾਹ ਦਾ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
Dharma (dharma,; dhamma, translit. dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.
Falcons are birds of prey in the genus Falco, which includes about 40 species.
Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji (25 February 1699 – 26 December 1705) was the fourth and youngest son of Guru Gobind Singh.
The First Battle of Anandpur was fought between the Mughal Empire and the Sikhs in 1704.
The First Battle of Chamkaur was fought between the Mughal Empire and the Sikhs in 1704.
Ganga Sagar (ਗੰਗਾ ਸਾਗਰ), is the name given to the sacred relic which belonged to the tenth master of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh.
The Godavari is India's second longest river after the Ganga.
Guru (गुरु, IAST: guru) is a Sanskrit term that connotes someone who is a "teacher, guide, expert, or master" of certain knowledge or field.
Guru Arjan (ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ Guru Arjan) 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib. He was born in Goindval, in the Punjab, the youngest son of Bhai Jetha, who later became Guru Ram Das, and Mata Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. He was the first Guru in Sikhism to be born into a Sikh family. Guru Arjan led Sikhism for a quarter of a century. He completed the construction of Darbar Sahib at Amritsar, after the fourth Sikh Guru founded the town and built a pool. Guru Arjan compiled the hymns of previous Gurus and of other saints into Adi Granth, the first edition of the Sikh scripture, and installed it in the Harimandir Sahib. Guru Arjan reorganized the Masands system initiated by Guru Ram Das, by suggesting that the Sikhs donate, if possible, one tenth of their income, goods or service to the Sikh organization (dasvand). The Masand not only collected these funds but also taught tenets of Sikhism and settled civil disputes in their region. The dasvand financed the building of gurdwaras and langars (shared communal kitchens). Guru Arjan was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and asked to convert to Islam. He refused, was tortured and executed in 1606 CE. Historical records and the Sikh tradition are unclear whether Guru Arjan was executed by drowning or died during torture. His martyrdom is considered a watershed event in the history of Sikhism. It is remembered as Shaheedi Divas of Guru Arjan in May or June according to the Nanakshahi calendar released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003.
Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ) (5 January 1666 – 7 October 1708), born Gobind Rai, was the tenth Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher.
The Guru Gobind Singh Children's Foundation is a foundation run by children/youth with a vision to help other children meet their basic needs, while adding meaning to their lives, and carrying out the work in the spirit of the teachings of Sikh Gurus.
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU or IP or IPU), formerly Indraprastha University, is a public state university located in Delhi, India.
Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is the religious scripture of Sikhism, regarded by Sikhs as the final, sovereign, and eternal living guru following the lineage of the ten human Sikh gurus of the Sikh religion.
Guru Hargobind (19 June 1595 - 3 March 1644), revered as the sixth Nanak, was the sixth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
Guru Nanak (IAST: Gurū Nānak) (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539) was the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus.
Guru Tegh Bahadur (1 April 1621 – 24 November 1675), revered as the ninth Nanak, was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
A harvest festival is an annual celebration that occurs around the time of the main harvest of a given region.
Hazūr Sāhib (hazūrī sāhib "presence of the master"), also spelled Hazoor Sahib, also known as Takht Sachkhand Sri Hazur Abchalnagar Sahib and Abchal Nagar, is one of the five takhts ("thrones", seats of temporal authority) in Sikhism.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Jaap Sahib (or Japu Sahib) is the morning prayer of the Sikhs.
Jizya or jizyah (جزية; جزيه) is a per capita yearly tax historically levied on non-Muslim subjects, called the dhimma, permanently residing in Muslim lands governed by Islamic law.
Sahibzada Jujhar Singh (14 March 1691 – 7 December 1705), the second son of Guru Gobind Singh, was born to Mata Jito at Anandpur Sahib.
Kachera (ਕਛੈਰਾ) are specially designed, shalwar- undergarments with a tie-knot ("naala".
A kanga is a small wooden comb that Sikhs usually use twice a day.
A kara (کڑا (Shahmukhi) कड़ा (Devanagari)) is a steel or iron (sarb loh) bracelet, worn by all initiated Sikhs.
The Kashmiri Pandits (also known as Kashmiri Brahmins) are a Saraswat Brahmin community from the Kashmir Valley, a mountainous region in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
In Sikhism, Kesh (sometimes Kes) is the practice of allowing one's hair to grow naturally as a symbol of respect for the perfection of God's creation.
Khalsa (Punjabi: "the pure") refers to both a special group of initiated Sikh warriors, as well as a community that considers Sikhism as its faith.
The kirpan is a sword or small dagger carried by Sikhs.
A number of places are named after the tenth guru of Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Malwa is the region of Punjab south of the Satluj river.
The Markandeya Purana (मार्कण्डेय पुराण, IAST: Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa) is a Sanskrit text of Hinduism, and one of the eighteen major Puranas.
Mata Gujri (1624–1705), also known as Mata Gujari, was the wife of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhism, and the mother of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of Sikhism.
Mātā Jīto (Gurmukhi: ਮਾਤਾ ਜੀਤੋ, Shahmukhi: ماتا جیتو) was the wive of the last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh The couple married on 21 June 1677 and had three children: Jujhar Singh, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh.
Mata Sahib Kaur (Gurmukhi: ਮਾਤਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਕੌਰ, Devnagri: माता साहिब कौर, Shahmukhi: ماتا صاحب کور) was the third wife of Guru Gobind Singh.
Mātā Sundarī (Gurmukhī alphabet: ਮਾਤਾ ਸੁੰਦਰੀ, Shahmukhī alphabet: ماتا سندری) was the daughter of Ram Sarana, a Kumarav Khatri of Bijwara, in present-day Hoshiārpur district.
Mazhabi Sikhs (also known as Mazbhabi, Mazbhi, majbi, Majhabhi or Majabhi) are members of an untouchable caste who have rejected Hinduism in favour of the Sikh faith.
Moksha (मोक्ष), also called vimoksha, vimukti and mukti, is a term in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism which refers to various forms of emancipation, liberation, and release. In its soteriological and eschatological senses, it refers to freedom from saṃsāra, the cycle of death and rebirth. In its epistemological and psychological senses, moksha refers to freedom from ignorance: self-realization and self-knowledge. In Hindu traditions, moksha is a central concept and the utmost aim to be attained through three paths during human life; these three paths are dharma (virtuous, proper, moral life), artha (material prosperity, income security, means of life), and kama (pleasure, sensuality, emotional fulfillment). Together, these four concepts are called Puruṣārtha in Hinduism. In some schools of Indian religions, moksha is considered equivalent to and used interchangeably with other terms such as vimoksha, vimukti, kaivalya, apavarga, mukti, nihsreyasa and nirvana. However, terms such as moksha and nirvana differ and mean different states between various schools of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.See.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
Nanded is a city in Maharashtra state, India.
Nitnem (Punjabi: ਨਿਤਨੇਮ) (literally Daily Routine) is a collection of Sikh hymns (Gurbani) to be read minimally 3 different times of the day.
Panj Pyare (ਪੰਜ ਪਿਆਰੇ,, literally the five beloved ones), is the name collectively given to the five Sikh men, Bhai Dhaya Singh, Bhai Dharam Singh, Bhai Himmat Singh, Bhai Mohkam Singh and Bhai Sahib Singh by Guru Gobind Singh at the historic divan Anandpur Sahib on 14 April 1699.
Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India.
Patna City, popularly known as Patna Sahib or Patna Saheb is a neighbourhood in Patna, Bihar, India.
A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.
A poet is a person who creates poetry.
The Puranas (singular: पुराण), are ancient Hindu texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780 –1839) was the leader of the Sikh Empire, which ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century.
The Sarbloh Granth (ਸਰਬਲੋਹ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ), also called Manglacharan Puran or Sri Manglacharan Ji, is a voluminous scripture.
The Second Battle of Anandpur was fought at Anandpur, between Sikhs and an allied force of the Rajas of the Sivalik Hills.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
The Sikh gurus established Sikhism over the centuries, beginning in the year 1469.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Singh (IPA), is a title, middle name, or surname which originated in India.
Sodhi is a caste from the Punjab region, a subdivision of the Khatri caste.
Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.
Takht Sri Patna Sahib also known as Harmandir Sahib, is a Gurdwara in the neighbourhood of Patna Sahib, India.
Tav-Prasad Savaiye (ਤ੍ਵਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ਸ੍ਵਯੇ.) is a short composition of 10 stanzas which is part of daily liturgy among Sikhs (Nitnem).
In Sikhism, the Five Ks (ਪੰਜ ਕਕਾਰ Pañj Kakār) are five items that Guru Gobind Singh commanded Khalsa Sikhs to wear at all times in 1699.
Vaisakhi (IAST), also known as Baisakhi, Vaishakhi, or Vasakhi is a historical and religious festival in Sikhism and Hinduism.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
A warrior is a person specializing in combat or warfare, especially within the context of a tribal or clan-based warrior culture society that recognizes a separate warrior class or caste.
Wazir Khan (died 1710, real name Mirza Askari) was Governor of Sirhind, administering a territory of the Mughal Empire between the Sutlej and Yamuna rivers.
A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).
The Zafarnāma (ਜ਼ਫ਼ਰਨਾਮਾ, ظفرنامہ, lit. Epistle of Victory) was a spiritual victory letter sent by Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1705 to the Mughal Emperor of India, Aurangzeb after the Battle of Chamkaur.
Sahibzada Zorawar Singh (ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ, 17 November 1696 – 26 December 1705) was the third of Guru Gobind Singh's four sons.
10th Sikh Guru, Bala Preetam, Bala Pritam, Dashmesh, Dasmesh, Gobind, Gobind Rai, Gobind Singh, Gobind singh, Guru Gobind, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Guru Gobind Singh ji, Guru Gobind singh, Guru Govind Singh, Kalgidhar, Sri Gobind Singh, Sri Guru Gobind Singh, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, گرو گوبند سنگھ, ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ.