102 relations: Akbar, Amritsar, Asa (raga), Aurangzeb, Baba Buddha, Baba Deep Singh, Bairari, Balvand Rai, Basant (raga), Bhagat, Bhagat Beni, Bhagat Bhikhan, Bhagat Dhanna, Bhagat Parmanand, Bhagat Pipa, Bhagat Sadhana, Bhagat Sain, Bhagat Trilochan, Bhai Gurdas, Bhai Mani Singh, Bhai Mardana, Bhairav (raga), Bhatt Balh, Bhatt Bhalh, Bhatt Bhika, Bhatt Gayand, Bhatt Harbans, Bhatt Jalap, Bhatt Kalshar, Bhatt Kirat, Bhatt Mathura, Bhatt Nalh, Bhatt Salh, Bihagara, Bilaval, Braj Bhasha, Dasam Granth, Devagandhari, Digitization, Ernest Trumpp, Fariduddin Ganjshakar, Gauri (raga), Goindval, Golden Temple, Gondi people, Granthi, Gurbani, Gurdwara, Gurmukhi script, Guru Amar Das, ..., Guru Angad, Guru Arjan, Guru Gobind Singh, Guru Har Krishan, Guru Har Rai, Guru Hargobind, Guru Maneyo Granth, Guru Nanak, Guru Ram Das, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Hindol, India, Islam, Japji Sahib, Jayadeva, Jog (raga), Kabir, Khalsa, Khariboli dialect, Laṇḍā scripts, Lahnda, Malhar, Max Arthur Macauliffe, Megh (raga), Mode (music), Mughal emperors, Mul Mantar, Muslim, Namdev, Oxford University Press, Panjab Digital Library, Persian language, Printing press, Raga, Ragas in the Guru Granth Sahib, Ramananda, Ramkali, Ravidas, Sacred, Sanskrit, Sant Bhasha, Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, Shree (raga), Sikh gurus, Sikhism, Sindhi language, Sohila, Sorath raga, Surdas, Svara, Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, Todi (raga). Expand index (52 more) » « Shrink index
Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar (15 October 1542– 27 October 1605), popularly known as Akbar I, was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605.
Amritsar, historically also known as Rāmdāspur and colloquially as Ambarsar, is a city in north-western India which is the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district - located in the Majha region of the Indian state of Punjab.
Raga Asa is peculiar raga of Gurmat Sangeet Tradition.
Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (محي الدين محمد) (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known by the sobriquet Aurangzeb (اَورنگزیب), (اورنگزیب "Ornament of the Throne") or by his regnal title Alamgir (عالمگِیر), (عالمگير "Conqueror of the World"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor.
Baba Buddha ji (6 October 1506 – 8 September 1631) was a prime figure in early Sikhism.
Baba Deep Singh (1682–1757) is revered among Sikhs as one of the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism and as a highly religious person.
This is an India musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib or Guru Granth Sahib for short.
Balvand Rai was a poet mystic and rebeck player in the court of Guru Arjan.
Basant is a Hindustani classical raga.
Bhagat is a Punjabi word derived from the Sanskrit word Bhagavata, which means: a devotee of the Lord (Bhagvan).
Bhagat Beni (ਭਗਤ ਬੈਣੀ) is one of the fifteen saints and Sufis, whose teachings have been incorporated in the Guru Granth Sahib, it is believed he spent most of his time in prayer and meditation, who often neglected the household needs while in meditation and prayer.
Bhagat Bhikhan (ਭਗਤ ਭੀਖਨ) (1480-1573), a medieval Indian saint two of whose hymns are included in the Guru Granth Sahib.
Dhanna Bhagat (born 1415) was a mystic poet and a Vaishnav devotee whose three hymns are present in Adi Granth.
Parmanand (ਭਗਤ ਪਰਮਾਨੰਦ) saint-poet, one of whose hymns is included in the Guru Granth Sahib.
Bhagat Pipa, born in Malwa region of north India (east Rajasthan), was a Rajput king of Gagaraungarh, who abdicated and turned into a sant and Hindu mystic poet of the Bhakti movement.
Bhagat Sadhna, also called Sadhna Qasai, was a North Indian Muslim or Sikh poet, saint, mystic and one of the devotees whose hymn was incorporated in Guru Granth Sahib.
Bhagat Sain was a Sikh religious figure lived in the end of the fourteenth and the beginning of the fifteenth century.
Trilochan was a celebrated medieval Indian saint and one of devotee whose hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhai Gurdas (ਭਾਈ ਗੁਰਦਾਸ; 1551 – August 25, 1636) was an influential Sikh figure, writer, historian and preacher.
Bhai Mani Singh was an 18th-century Sikh scholar and martyr.
He originally belonged to the religion of Islam.
Raga Bhairav (Hindi: भैरव/भैरों) (بَھیرَو) (Sindhiبھےرو) is an Indian classical heptatonic (Sampurna) raga of Bhairav Thaat.
Bhatt Balh was a Sikh Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose five hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhatt Bhalh was a Sikh Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose one hymn is present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhatt Bhika was a Sikh Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose two hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhatt Gayand was a Sikh Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose 13 hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhatt Harbans was a Sikh Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose two hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhatt Jalap was a Sikh (Hindu on birth) bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose five hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhatt Kal Sahar was a Sikh Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose 54 hymns are incorporated in Adi Granth.
Bhatt Kirat was a Sikh Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose eight hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhatt Mathura was a Sikh Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose 14 hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhatt Nalh was a Sikh Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose 16 hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bhatt Salh was a Sarswat Brahmin bard in the court of Guru Arjan, whose three hymns are present in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs.
Bihagara is an Indian musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Guru Granth Sahib.
Bilawal is a raga and basic thaat (musical mode) in Hindustani classical music.
Braj Bhāshā is a Western Hindi language.
The Dasam Patishah Ji Da Granth (Gurmukhi: ਦਸਮ ਪਾਤਿਸ਼ਾਹ ਦਾ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ.
Devagandhari (pronounced devagāndhāri) is a raga (musical scale) in Indian classical music.
Digitization, at WhatIs.com in Collins English Dictionary less commonly digitalization, is the process of converting information into a digital (i.e. computer-readable) format, in which the information is organized into bits.
Ernest Trumpp (13 March 1828 – 5 April 1885) was a German philologist and missionary to Sindh Province, Punjab Province, and Peshawar, which were all part of what was British India before the independence of Pakistan in 1947.
Farīd al-Dīn Masʿūd Ganj-i-Shakar (c. 1175-1266), known reverentially as Bābā Farīd or Shaykh Farīd by Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus of the Punjab Region, or simply as Farīduddīn Ganjshakar, was a 12th-century Punjabi Muslim preacher and mystic who went on to become "one of the most revered and distinguished...
Gauri is an India musical raga that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS.) Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.
Goindwal (ਗੋਇੰਦਵਾਲ), also known as Goindwal Sahib, is located in Taran Taran district in the Majha region of the state of Punjab in India about 23 km from Tarn Taran Sahib.
Sri Harmandir Sahib ("The abode of God"), also known as Darbar Sahib,, informally referred to as the Golden Temple, is a Gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India.
The Gondi (Gōndi) or Gond people are Adivasi who speak Dravidian language, spread over the states of Madhya Pradesh, eastern Maharashtra (Vidarbha), Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Western Odisha.
A Granthi (ਗ੍ਰੰਥੀ) is a person, female or male, of the Sikh religion who is a ceremonial reader of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, which is the Holy Book in Sikhism, often read to worshipers at Sikh temples called a Gurudwara.
Gurbani (ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ) is a Sikh term, very commonly used by Sikhs to refer to various compositions by the Sikh Gurus and other writers of Guru Granth Sahib.
A gurdwara (ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ, or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ,; meaning "door to the guru") is a place of worship for Sikhs.
Gurmukhi (Gurmukhi (the literal meaning being "from the Guru's mouth"): ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ) is a Sikh script modified, standardized and used by the second Sikh Guru, Guru Angad (1563–1606).
Guru Amar Das (5 May 1479 – 1 September 1574) was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Sikh Guru on 26 March 1552 at age 73.
Guru Angad (31 March 1504 – 29 March 1552) was the second of the ten Sikh Gurus.
Guru Arjan (ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ Guru Arjan) 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib. He was born in Goindval, in the Punjab, the youngest son of Bhai Jetha, who later became Guru Ram Das, and Mata Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. He was the first Guru in Sikhism to be born into a Sikh family. Guru Arjan led Sikhism for a quarter of a century. He completed the construction of Darbar Sahib at Amritsar, after the fourth Sikh Guru founded the town and built a pool. Guru Arjan compiled the hymns of previous Gurus and of other saints into Adi Granth, the first edition of the Sikh scripture, and installed it in the Harimandir Sahib. Guru Arjan reorganized the Masands system initiated by Guru Ram Das, by suggesting that the Sikhs donate, if possible, one tenth of their income, goods or service to the Sikh organization (dasvand). The Masand not only collected these funds but also taught tenets of Sikhism and settled civil disputes in their region. The dasvand financed the building of gurdwaras and langars (shared communal kitchens). Guru Arjan was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and asked to convert to Islam. He refused, was tortured and executed in 1606 CE. Historical records and the Sikh tradition are unclear whether Guru Arjan was executed by drowning or died during torture. His martyrdom is considered a watershed event in the history of Sikhism. It is remembered as Shaheedi Divas of Guru Arjan in May or June according to the Nanakshahi calendar released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003.
Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ) (5 January 1666 – 7 October 1708), born Gobind Rai, was the tenth Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher.
Guru Har Krishan (7 July 1656 – 30 March 1664) revered as the eighth Nanak, was the eighth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
Guru Har Rai (16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661) revered as the seventh Nanak, was the seventh of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
Guru Hargobind (19 June 1595 - 3 March 1644), revered as the sixth Nanak, was the sixth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
"Guru Maneyo Granth" (English: Granth Be Thy Guru), refers to the historic statement of the 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708), shortly before his demise, on affirming the sacred scripture Adi Granth as his successor, thus terminating the line of human Gurus.
Guru Nanak (IAST: Gurū Nānak) (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539) was the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus.
Guru Ram Das (1534–1581) was the fourth of the ten Gurus of Sikhism.
Guru Tegh Bahadur (1 April 1621 – 24 November 1675), revered as the ninth Nanak, was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
Hindol is a Hindustani classical raga.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jap ji is a prayer at the beginning of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, considered the holy scripture of sikhs.
Jayadeva (b.), also known as Jaidev, was a Sanskrit poet during the 12th century.
Jog is a Raga in Hindustani classical music belonging to kafi thaat.
Kabir (कबीर, IAST: Kabīr) was a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint, whose writings influenced Hinduism's Bhakti movement and his verses are found in Sikhism's scripture Guru Granth Sahib.
Khalsa (Punjabi: "the pure") refers to both a special group of initiated Sikh warriors, as well as a community that considers Sikhism as its faith.
Khariboli, also known as Khari Boli or simply Khari, Dehlavi, Kauravi, and Vernacular Hindustani, is the prestige dialect of Hindustani, of which Standard Hindi and Standard Urdu are standard registers and literary styles, which are the principal official languages of India and Pakistan respectively.
The Laṇḍā scripts (also Lahnda, Landa), meaning "without a tail", is a Punjabi word used to refer to a writing system used in Panjab and nearby parts of North India.
Lahnda also known as Lahndi or Western Punjabi (is a group of north-western Indo-Aryan language varieties spoken in Pakistani Punjab and in parts of the neighbouring Azad Kashmir and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. These terms are exonyms and are not used by the speakers themselves. The emerging languages of this dialect area are Saraiki, Hindko and Pothohari. --> The validity of Lahnda as a genetic grouping has not been established.
Malhar is an old raga in Indian classical music.
Michael MacAuliffe, also known as Max Arthur Macauliffe (10 September 1841 − 15 March 1913), was a senior Sikh-British administrator, prolific scholar and author.
Megh is a Hindustani classical raga.
In the theory of Western music, a mode is a type of musical scale coupled with a set of characteristic melodic behaviors.
The Mughal emperors, from the early 16th century to the early 18th century, built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
The Mul Mantar (ਮੂਲ ਮੰਤਰ,, pronounced Mool Mantar) is the first composition in the Sikh holy text and Great Living Guru, the Guru Granth Sahib, written in Punjabi.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Namdev, also transliterated as Namdeo and Namadeva, (traditionally) was a poet-saint from Maharashtra, India who is significant to the Varkari sect of Hinduism.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Panjab Digital Library is a voluntary organization digitizing and preserving the cultural heritage of Panjab since 2003.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
A raga or raaga (IAST: rāga; also raag or ragam; literally "coloring, tingeing, dyeing") is a melodic framework for improvisation akin to a melodic mode in Indian classical music.
A raga is a complex structure of musical melody used in the Indian classical music.
Ramananda (IAST: Rāmānanda) was a 14th-century Vaishnava devotional poet sant, in the Ganga river region of Northern India.
Ramkali is a sweet early morning raga in Hindustani classical music which belongs to Bhairav thaat.
Guru Ravidas was a North Indian mystic poet-sant of the bhakti movement during the 15th to 16th century CE.
Sacred means revered due to sanctity and is generally the state of being perceived by religious individuals as associated with divinity and considered worthy of spiritual respect or devotion; or inspiring awe or reverence among believers.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Sant Bhasha (Sant Bhāṣā), also known by its endonym Gurmukhi, is a language composed of common vocabulary from South Asian and Middle Eastern languages, which was extensively used by saints and poets to compose hymns.
The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (or SGPC) is an organization in India responsible for the management of gurdwaras, Sikh places of worship in three states of Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh and union territory of Chandigarh.
Shree is a very old North Indian raga of the Purvi thaat, and has traditionally been associated with Lord Shiva.
The Sikh gurus established Sikhism over the centuries, beginning in the year 1469.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Sindhi (سنڌي, सिन्धी,, ਸਿੰਧੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region, spoken by the Sindhi people.
The collection of hymns called Sohila is repeated at bedtime by Sikhs.
Sorath is an India musical raga (musical mode) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS.) Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.
Surdas (IAST: Sūr, Devanagari: सूर) was a 16th-century blind Hindu devotional poet and singer, who was known for his lyrics written in praise of Krishna.
Swara (Hindi स्वर), also spelled swara, is a Sanskrit word that connotes a note in the successive steps of the octave.
The Takht Sri Darbar Sahib Damdama Sahib, one of the five Takhts or Seat of Temporal Authority of Sikhism, Takht Sri Damdama Sahib is in Bathinda in Punjab, India and is the place where Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, prepared the full version of the Sikh scriptures called Sri Guru Granth Sahib in 1705.
Todi (तोडी.) is a classical raga which gave its name to the Todi thaat, one of the ten types of classical music according to the musicologist Bhatkhande.
Aad Granth, Adi Granth, Adi Guru Granth, Adi granth, Adi-Granth, Eleventh guru, Grant Sahib, Granth Sahib, Guru Granth, Guru Granth Sahab, Guru Granth Saheb, Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Guru Granth Sahib ji, Guru Grantha Sahab, Guru Grantha Saheb, Guru Grantha Sahib, Guru granth sahib, Gurū Granth Sāhib, Shabhad, Shri Guru Sikhya Sahib, Sikh Holy Book, Sikh bible, Siri Guru Granth Sahib, Sri Guru Granth Sahib, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Teachings of the guru granth sahib, The Guru Granth Sahib, Ādi Granth, Ādi-Granth, ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ.