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Gynaecology

Index Gynaecology

Gynaecology or gynecology (see spelling differences) is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts. [1]

98 relations: Amenorrhea, American and British English spelling differences, American College of Surgeons, Anarcha Westcott, Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System, Ancient Greek, Andrology, Antibiotic, Antiemetic, Antihypertensive drug, Appendectomy, Appendicitis, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, Bacteria, Breast, Caesarean section, Cancer, Cancer staging, Cervix, Chaperone (clinical), Childbirth, Clinic, Clomifene, Columbia, Maryland, Cryosurgery, Cystocele, Cystoscopy, Dilation and curettage, Diuretic, Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, Dysmenorrhea, Endometriosis, Fallopian tube, Female reproductive system, Fungus, General practitioner, Gonad, Gynecologic oncology, Gynography, Health insurance, Hippocratic Corpus, Hormonal contraception, Hormone, Hospital, Howard Atwood Kelly, Hysterectomy, Hysteroscopy, Infection, Infertility, ..., J. Marion Sims, Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus, Laparoscopy, Laparotomy, Latin, List of bacterial vaginosis microbiota, Medicine, Menorrhagia, Menstrual cycle, Methodic school, Molar pregnancy, Muscio, Obstetric ultrasonography, Obstetrics, Obstetrics and gynaecology, Oophorectomy, Ovarian cancer, Ovary, Pap test, Pediatric gynaecology, Pelvis, Pituitary gland, Primary care, Prognosis, Prolapse, Protozoa, Rectocele, Rectovaginal examination, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, Royal College of Surgeons, Schistosomiasis, Soranus of Ephesus, Specialty (medicine), Speculum (medical), Sweden, Tubal ligation, Turkey, United States, Urethra, Urinary incontinence, Urology, Uterus, Vagina, Vaginal disease, Vaginitis, Virus, Woman, Women's medicine in antiquity. Expand index (48 more) »

Amenorrhea

Amenorrhoea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age.

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American and British English spelling differences

Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.

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American College of Surgeons

The American College of Surgeons is an educational association of surgeons founded in 1912.

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Anarcha Westcott

Anarcha Westcott was a slave and one of the three (out of a total of eleven) known enslaved women were experimented on and exploited by Dr. J. Marion Sims.

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Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System

The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification System is used for the classification of active ingredients of drugs according to the organ or system on which they act and their therapeutic, pharmacological and chemical properties.

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Andrology

Andrology (from ἀνήρ, anēr, genitive ἀνδρός, andros, "man"; and -λογία, -logia) is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men.

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Antibiotic

An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.

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Antiemetic

An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea.

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Antihypertensive drug

Antihypertensives are a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).

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Appendectomy

An appendectomy (known outside the United States as appendisectomy or appendicectomy) is a surgical operation in which the vermiform appendix (a portion of the intestine) is removed.

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Appendicitis

Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix.

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Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, or in '''Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae'''. (abbreviated in many ways, e.g. MBBS, MB ChB, MB BCh, MB BChir (Cantab), BM BCh (Oxon), BMBS), are the two first professional degrees in medicine and surgery awarded upon graduation from medical school by universities in countries that follow the tradition of the United Kingdom.

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Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

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Breast

The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.

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Caesarean section

Caesarean section, also known as C-section or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies.

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Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Cancer staging

Cancer staging is the process of determining the extent to which a cancer has developed by growing and spreading.

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Cervix

The cervix or cervix uteri (neck of the uterus) is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system.

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Chaperone (clinical)

In clinical medicine, a chaperone is a person who serves as a witness for both a patient and a medical practitioner as a safeguard for both parties during a medical examination or procedure.

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Childbirth

Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of a pregnancy by one or more babies leaving a woman's uterus by vaginal passage or C-section.

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Clinic

A clinic (or outpatient clinic or ambulatory care clinic) is a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on the care of outpatients.

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Clomifene

Clomifene, also known as clomiphene, is a medication used to treat infertility in women who do not ovulate.

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Columbia, Maryland

Columbia is a census-designated place in Howard County, Maryland, United States, and is one of the principal cities of the Baltimore metropolitan area.

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Cryosurgery

Cryosurgery (cryotherapy) is the use of extreme cold in surgery to destroy abnormal or diseased tissue; thus, it is the surgical application of cryoablation.

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Cystocele

A cystocele, also known as a prolapsed bladder, is a medical condition in which a woman's bladder bulges into her vagina.

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Cystoscopy

Cystoscopy (si-ˈstäs-kə-pē) is endoscopy of the urinary bladder via the urethra.

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Dilation and curettage

Dilation (or dilatation) and curettage (D&C) refers to the dilation (widening/opening) of the cervix and surgical removal of part of the lining of the uterus and/or contents of the uterus by scraping and scooping (curettage).

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Diuretic

A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, the increased production of urine.

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Doctor of Medicine

A Doctor of Medicine (MD from Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions.

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Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine

Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) is a professional doctoral degree for physicians and surgeons offered by medical schools in the United States.

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Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.

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Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium, the layer of tissue that normally covers the inside of the uterus, grows outside of it.

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Fallopian tube

The Fallopian tubes, also known as uterine tubes or salpinges (singular salpinx), are two very fine tubes lined with ciliated epithelia, leading from the ovaries of female mammals into the uterus, via the uterotubal junction.

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Female reproductive system

The female reproductive system is made up of the internal and external sex organs that function in reproduction of new offspring.

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Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

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General practitioner

In the medical profession, a general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients.

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Gonad

A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is a mixed gland that produces the gametes (sex cells) and sex hormones of an organism.

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Gynecologic oncology

Gynecologic oncology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer.

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Gynography

Gynography (Spanish: ginógrafo, wordmagicsoft.com) is defined as "radiography of the female genital organs" that uses "air or other gas" that is injected intraperitoneally as a contrast medium.

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Health insurance

Health insurance is insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons.

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Hippocratic Corpus

The Hippocratic Corpus (Latin: Corpus Hippocraticum), or Hippocratic Collection, is a collection of around 60 early Ancient Greek medical works strongly associated with the physician Hippocrates and his teachings.

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Hormonal contraception

Hormonal contraception refers to birth control methods that act on the endocrine system.

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Hormone

A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

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Hospital

A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.

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Howard Atwood Kelly

Howard Atwood Kelly (February 20, 1858 – January 12, 1943), M.D., was an American gynecologist.

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Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus.

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Hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy is the inspection of the uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through the cervix.

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Infection

Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Infertility

Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.

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J. Marion Sims

James Marion Sims (January 25, 1813 – November 13, 1883) was an American physician and a pioneer in the field of surgery, known as the "father of modern gynecology".

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Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus

The Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus (also Petrie Medical Papyrus, Kahun Medical Papyrus, Lahun Medical Papyrus, or UC32057) is the oldest known medical text in Egypt, although not the oldest in the world as in Philadelphia museum a Sumerian medical clay tablet from 3rd millennium is preserved.

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Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera.

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Laparotomy

A laparotomy is a surgical procedure involving a large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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List of bacterial vaginosis microbiota

Bacterial vaginosis is caused by an imbalance of the naturally occurring bacteria in the vagina.

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Medicine

Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia is a menstrual period with excessively heavy flow and falls under the larger category of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).

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Menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system (specifically the uterus and ovaries) that makes pregnancy possible.

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Methodic school

The Methodic school of medicine (Methodics, Methodists, or Methodici, Μεθοδικοί) was an ancient school of medicine in ancient Greece and Rome.

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Molar pregnancy

Molar pregnancy is an abnormal form of pregnancy in which a non-viable fertilized egg implants in the uterus and will fail to come to term.

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Muscio

Muscio (also Mustio) is the supposed author of the Genecia (Gynaecia), a treatise of gynecology dating to ca.

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Obstetric ultrasonography

Obstetric ultrasonography is the use of medical ultrasonography in pregnancy, in which sound waves are used to create real-time visual images of the developing embryo or fetus in its mother's uterus (womb).

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Obstetrics

Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.

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Obstetrics and gynaecology

Obstetrics and gynecology (commonly known as OB-GYN, OBG, O&G or obs and gynae in the USA, and referred to as gynae in the UK) is the medical specialty that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period (obstetrics) and the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts (gynecology).

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Oophorectomy

Oophorectomy (from Greek ᾠοφόρος, ōophóros, 'egg-bearing' + ἐκτομή, ektomḗ, 'a cutting out of') is the surgical removal of an ovary or ovaries.

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Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in or on an ovary.

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Ovary

The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.

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Pap test

The Papanicolaou test (abbreviated as Pap test, also known as Pap smear, cervical smear, or smear test) is a method of cervical screening used to detect potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix (opening of the uterus or womb).

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Pediatric gynaecology

Pediatric gynaecology or pediatric gynecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the vagina, vulva, uterus, and ovaries of infants, children, and adolescents.

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Pelvis

The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs (sometimes also called pelvic region of the trunk) or the skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also called bony pelvis, or pelvic skeleton).

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Pituitary gland

An explanation of the development of the pituitary gland (Hypophysis cerebri) & the congenital anomalies. In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing in humans.

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Primary care

Primary care is the day-to-day healthcare given by a health care provider.

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Prognosis

Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).

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Prolapse

In medicine, prolapse is a condition where organs fall down or slip out of place.

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Protozoa

Protozoa (also protozoan, plural protozoans) is an informal term for single-celled eukaryotes, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other microorganisms or organic tissues and debris.

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Rectocele

A rectocele or posterior vaginal wall prolapse results when the rectum herniates into or forms a bulge in the vagina.

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Rectovaginal examination

A rectovaginal examination is a type of gynecological examination used to supplement a pelvic examination.

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Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) is professional association based in London, United Kingdom.

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Royal College of Surgeons

A Royal College of Surgeons or Royal Surgical College is a type of organisation found in many present and former members of the Commonwealth of Nations.

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Schistosomiasis

Schistosomiasis, also known as snail fever and bilharzia, is a disease caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes.

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Soranus of Ephesus

Soranus of Ephesus (Σωρανός ὁ Ἑφέσιος; 1st/2nd century AD) was a Greek physician.

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Specialty (medicine)

A specialty, or speciality, in medicine is a branch of medical practice.

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Speculum (medical)

A speculum (Latin for "mirror"; plural specula or speculums) is a medical tool for investigating body orifices, with a form dependent on the orifice for which it is designed.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Tubal ligation

Tubal ligation or tubectomy (also known as having one's "tubes tied") is a surgical procedure for sterilization in which a woman's fallopian tubes are clamped and block and sealed, either of which prevents eggs from reaching the uterus for implantation.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Urethra

In anatomy, the urethra (from Greek οὐρήθρα – ourḗthrā) is a tube that connects the urinary bladder to the urinary meatus for the removal of urine from the body.

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Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence (UI), also known as involuntary urination, is any uncontrolled leakage of urine.

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Urology

Urology (from Greek οὖρον ouron "urine" and -λογία -logia "study of"), also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs.

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Uterus

The uterus (from Latin "uterus", plural uteri) or womb is a major female hormone-responsive secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and most other mammals.

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Vagina

In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.

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Vaginal disease

A vaginal disease is a pathological condition that affects part or all of the vagina.

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Vaginitis

Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina.

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Virus

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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Woman

A woman is an adult female human being.

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Women's medicine in antiquity

Childbirth and obstetrics in Classical Antiquity (here meaning the ancient Greco-Roman world) were studied by the physicians of ancient Greece and Rome.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gynaecology

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