60 relations: Ancient Greek, Antheridium, Apocynaceae, Archegonium, Asteraceae, Avocado, Basal angiosperms, Chalaza, Degeneria, Double fertilization, Egg cell, Embryo, Endosperm, Fabaceae, Female, Fertilisation, Floral axis, Flower, Fruit, Gamete, Gametophyte, Germination, Gynoecium, Gynophore, Hornwort, Hypanthium, Latin, Lilium, Locule, Marchantiophyta, Megaspore, Meiosis, Molecule, Morphology (biology), Mortar and pestle, Moss, Onagraceae, Orchidaceae, Ovary (botany), Ovule, Phylogenetics, Plant reproductive morphology, Pollen, Pollination, Ranunculus, Receptacle (botany), Rosaceae, Saxifragaceae, Seed, Self-incompatibility, ..., Sporangium, Sporophyll, Sporophyte, Stamen, Stigma (botany), Strawberry, Tulip, Whorl (botany), Winteraceae, Zygote. Expand index (10 more) » « Shrink index
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
An antheridium is a haploid structure or organ producing and containing male gametes (called antherozoids or sperm).
Apocynaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes trees, shrubs, herbs, stem succulents, and vines, commonly known as the dogbane family, (Greek for "away from dog" since some taxa were used as dog poison).
An archegonium (pl: archegonia), from the ancient Greek ἀρχή ("beginning") and γόνος ("offspring"), is a multicellular structure or organ of the gametophyte phase of certain plants, producing and containing the ovum or female gamete.
Asteraceae or Compositae (commonly referred to as the aster, daisy, composite,Great Basin Wildflowers, Laird R. Blackwell, 2006, p. 275 or sunflower family) is a very large and widespread family of flowering plants (Angiospermae).
The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico, classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae.
The basal angiosperms are the flowering plants which diverged from the lineage leading to most flowering plants.
The chalaza (from Greek χάλαζα "hailstone"; plural chalazas or chalazae) is a structure inside bird and reptile eggs and plant ovules.
Degeneria is a genus of flowering plants endemic to Fiji.
Double fertilization is a complex fertilization mechanism of flowering plants (angiosperms).
The egg cell, or ovum (plural ova), is the female reproductive cell (gamete) in oogamous organisms.
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.
The endosperm is the tissue produced inside the seeds of most of the flowering plants following fertilization.
The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, Article 18.5 states: "The following names, of long usage, are treated as validly published:....Leguminosae (nom. alt.: Fabaceae; type: Faba Mill.);...
Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).
Fertilisation or fertilization (see spelling differences), also known as generative fertilisation, conception, fecundation, syngamy and impregnation, is the fusion of gametes to initiate the development of a new individual organism.
The floral axis (sometimes referred to as the receptacle) is the area of the flower upon which the reproductive organs and other ancillary organs are attached.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
A gamete (from Ancient Greek γαμετή gamete from gamein "to marry") is a haploid cell that fuses with another haploid cell during fertilization (conception) in organisms that sexually reproduce.
A gametophyte is one of the two alternating phases in the life cycle of plants and algae.
Germination is the process by which an organism grows from a seed or similar structure.
Gynoecium (from Ancient Greek γυνή, gyne, meaning woman, and οἶκος, oikos, meaning house) is most commonly used as a collective term for the parts of a flower that produce ovules and ultimately develop into the fruit and seeds.
A gynophore is the stalk of certain flowers which supports the gynoecium (the ovule-producing part of a flower), elevating it above the branching points of other floral parts.
Hornworts are a group of non-vascular plants constituting the division Anthocerotophyta.
In angiosperms, a hypanthium or floral cup is a structure where basal portions of the calyx, the corolla, and the stamens form a cup-shaped tube.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lilium (members of which are true lilies) is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants growing from bulbs, all with large prominent flowers.
A locule (plural locules) or loculus (plural loculi) (meaning "little place" in Latin) is a small cavity or compartment within an organ or part of an organism (animal, plant, or fungus).
The Marchantiophyta are a division of non-vascular land plants commonly referred to as hepatics or liverworts.
Megaspores, also called macrospores, are a type of spore that is present in heterosporous plants.
Meiosis (from Greek μείωσις, meiosis, which means lessening) is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half, creating four haploid cells, each genetically distinct from the parent cell that gave rise to them.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.
A mortar and pestle is a kitchen implement used since ancient times to prepare ingredients or substances by crushing and grinding them into a fine paste or powder.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
The Onagraceae are a family of flowering plants known as the willowherb family or evening primrose family.
The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.
In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.
In seed plants, the ovule is the structure that gives rise to and contains the female reproductive cells.
In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon.
Plant reproductive morphology is the study of the physical form and structure (the morphology) of those parts of plants directly or indirectly concerned with sexual reproduction.
Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).
Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, enabling later fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind.
Ranunculus is a genus of about 500 species of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae.
In botany, the receptacle or torus (an older term is thalamus, as in Thalamiflorae) is the thickened part of a stem (pedicel) from which the flower organs grow.
Rosaceae, the rose family, is a medium-sized family of flowering plants, including 4,828 known species in 91 genera.
Saxifragaceae is a plant family with about 640 known species in 33 accepted genera.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
Self-incompatibility (SI) is a general name for several genetic mechanisms in angiosperms, which prevent self-fertilization and thus encourage outcrossing and allogamy.
A sporangium (pl., sporangia) (modern Latin, from Greek σπόρος (sporos) ‘spore’ + αγγείον (angeion) ‘vessel’) is an enclosure in which spores are formed.
A sporophyll is a leaf that bears sporangia.
A sporophyte is the diploid multicellular stage in the life cycle of a plant or alga.
The stamen (plural stamina or stamens) is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower.
The stigma (plural: stigmata) is the receptive tip of a carpel, or of several fused carpels, in the gynoecium of a flower.
The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries.
Tulips (Tulipa) form a genus of spring-blooming perennial herbaceous bulbiferous geophytes (having bulbs as storage organs).
In botany, a whorl or verticil is an arrangement of sepals, petals, leaves, stipules or branches that radiate from a single point and surround or wrap around the stem.
Winteraceae is a primitive family of tropical trees and shrubs including 60 to 90 species in five genera.
A zygote (from Greek ζυγωτός zygōtos "joined" or "yoked", from ζυγοῦν zygoun "to join" or "to yoke") is a eukaryotic cell formed by a fertilization event between two gametes.