32 relations: Acid-fast, Adipocyte, Axon, Basal lamina, Biopsy, Cancer, Chromatin, Cytopathology, Cytoplasm, Eosin, Eosin Y, Eosinophilic, Gold standard (test), Golgi apparatus, Haematoxylin, Hematein, Histology, Keratohyalin, Lewy body, Mallory body, Medical diagnosis, Melanin, Myelin, Neuron, Papanicolaou stain, Pathology, Periodic acid–Schiff stain, Protein, Red blood cell, Reticular fiber, Silver stain, Staining.
Acid-fastness is a physical property of certain bacteria (and, less commonly, protozoa), specifically their resistance to decolorization by acids during staining procedures.
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Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes and fat cells, are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.
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An axon (from Greek ἄξων áxōn, axis), also known as a nerve fibre, is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body.
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The basal lamina is a layer of extracellular matrix secreted by the epithelial cells, on which the epithelium sits.
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A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving sampling of cells or tissues for examination.
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Cancer, also known as a malignant tumor or malignant neoplasm, is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
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Chromatin is a complex of macromolecules found in cells, consisting of DNA, protein and RNA.
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Cytopathology (from Greek κύτος, kytos, "a hollow"; πάθος, pathos, "fate, harm"; and -λογία, -logia) is a branch of pathology that studies and diagnoses diseases on the cellular level.
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The cytoplasm comprises cytosol (the gel-like substance enclosed within the cell membrane) – and the organelles – the cell's internal sub-structures.
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Eosin is a fluorescent acidic / negative compound that binds to and forms salts with basic, or eosinophilic, compounds containing positive charges (such as proteins that are basic / positive due to the presence of amino acid residues such as Arginine and Lysine) and stains them dark red or pink as a result of the actions of bromine on fluorescein.
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Eosin Y is a form of eosin.
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Eosinophilic (Greek suffix -phil-, meaning loves eosin) refers to the staining of certain tissues, cells, or organelles after they have been washed with eosin, a dye.
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In medicine and statistics, gold standard test usually refers to a diagnostic test or benchmark that is the best available under reasonable conditions.
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The Golgi apparatus, also known as the Golgi complex, Golgi body, or simply the Golgi, is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.
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Haematoxylin, hematoxylin, Natural Black 1, or C.I. 75290 is a compound extracted from the heartwood of the logwood tree.
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Hematein (US spelling) or haematein is an oxidized derivative of haematoxylin, used in staining.
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Histology (compound of the Greek words: ἱστός histos "tissue", and -λογία ''-logia'' "science") is the study of the microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals.
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Keratohyalin is a protein structure found in granules in the stratum granulosum of the epidermis, which may be involved in keratinization, and in Hassall's corpuscles in the thymus.
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Lewy bodies are abnormal aggregates of protein that develop inside nerve cells in Parkinson's disease (PD), Lewy body dementia, and some other disorders.
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In histopathology, a Mallory body, Mallory-Denk body, and Mallory's hyaline, is an inclusion found in the cytoplasm of liver cells.
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Medical diagnosis (abbreviated DS or Dx) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
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Melanin (μέλας - melas, "black, dark") is a broad term for a group of natural pigments found in most organisms (arachnids are one of the few groups in which it has not been detected).
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Myelin is a fatty white substance that surrounds the axon dielectric (electrically insulating) material that forms a layer, the myelin sheath, usually around only the axon of a neuron.
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A neuron (or; also known as a neurone or nerve cell) is an electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
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Papanicolaou stain (also Papanicolaou's stain and Pap stain) is a multichromatic staining cytological technique developed by George Papanikolaou, the father of cytopathology.
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Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering", and -logia (-λογία), "an account of") is a significant component of the causal study of disease and a major field in modern medicine and diagnosis.
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Periodic acid–Schiff (PAS) is a staining method used to detect polysaccharides such as glycogen, and mucosubstances such as glycoproteins, glycolipids and mucins in tissues.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
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Red blood cells (RBCs), also called erythrocytes, are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate organism's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
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Reticular fibers, reticular fibres or reticulin is a type of fiber in connective tissue composed of type III collagen secreted by reticular cells.
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Silver staining is the use of silver to selectively alter the appearance of a target in microscopy of histological sections; in temperature gradient gel electrophoresis; and in polyacrylamide gels.
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Staining is an auxiliary technique used in microscopy to enhance contrast in the microscopic image.
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