36 relations: Acid-fastness, Adipocyte, American and British English spelling differences, Axon, Basal lamina, Biopsy, Blue, Cancer, Chromatin, Cytopathology, Cytoplasm, Eosin, Eosin Y, Eosinophilic, Gold standard (test), Golgi apparatus, Haematoxylin, Hematein, Histology, Keratohyalin, Lewy body, Mallory body, Medical diagnosis, Melanin, Myelin, Neuron, Papanicolaou stain, Pathology, Periodic acid–Schiff stain, Protein, Red, Red blood cell, Reticular fiber, Silver stain, Staining, Violet (color).
Acid-fastness is a physical property of certain bacterial and eukaryotic cells, as well as some sub-cellular structures, specifically their resistance to decolorization by acids during laboratory staining procedures.
Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes and fat cells, are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.
Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.
An axon (from Greek ἄξων áxōn, axis) or nerve fiber, is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses known as action potentials, away from the nerve cell body.
The basal lamina is a layer of extracellular matrix secreted by the epithelial cells, on which the epithelium sits.
A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.
Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Chromatin is a complex of macromolecules found in cells, consisting of DNA, protein, and RNA.
Cytopathology (from Greek κύτος, kytos, "a hollow"; πάθος, pathos, "fate, harm"; and -λογία, -logia) is a branch of pathology that studies and diagnoses diseases on the cellular level.
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.
Eosin is the name of several fluorescent acidic compounds which bind to and form salts with basic, or eosinophilic, compounds like proteins containing amino acid residues such as arginine and lysine, and stains them dark red or pink as a result of the actions of bromine on fluorescein.
Eosin Y is a form of eosin.
Eosinophilic (Greek suffix -phil-, meaning loves eosin) refers to the staining of certain tissues, cells, or organelles after they have been washed with eosin, a dye.
In medicine and statistics, gold standard test is usually diagnostic test or benchmark that is the best available under reasonable conditions.
The Golgi apparatus, also known as the Golgi complex, Golgi body, or simply the Golgi, is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.
Haematoxylin or hematoxylin, also called natural black 1 or C.I. 75290, is a compound extracted from the heartwood of the logwood tree (Haematoxylum campechianum).
Hematein (US spelling) or haematein is an oxidized derivative of haematoxylin, used in staining.
Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.
Keratohyalin is a protein structure found in granules in the stratum granulosum of the epidermis, which may be involved in keratinization, and in Hassall's corpuscles in the thymus.
Lewy bodies are abnormal aggregates of protein that develop inside nerve cells, contributing to Parkinson's disease (PD), the Lewy body dementias (Parkinson's disease dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies), and some other disorders.
In histopathology, a Mallory body, Mallory-Denk body, and Mallory's hyaline, is an inclusion found in the cytoplasm of liver cells.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
Melanin (from μέλας melas, "black, dark") is a broad term for a group of natural pigments found in most organisms.
Myelin is a lipid-rich substance that surrounds the axon of some nerve cells, forming an electrically insulating layer.
A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
Papanicolaou stain (also Papanicolaou's stain and Pap stain) is a multichromatic staining cytological technique developed by George Papanikolaou, the father of cytopathology.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Periodic acid–Schiff (PAS) is a staining method used to detect polysaccharides such as glycogen, and mucosubstances such as glycoproteins, glycolipids and mucins in tissues.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Red is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light, next to orange and opposite violet.
Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
Reticular fibers, reticular fibres or reticulin is a type of fiber in connective tissue composed of type III collagen secreted by reticular cells.
Silver staining is the use of silver to selectively alter the appearance of a target in microscopy of histological sections; in temperature gradient gel electrophoresis; and in polyacrylamide gels.
Staining is an auxiliary technique used in microscopy to enhance contrast in the microscopic image.
Violet is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light between blue and the invisible ultraviolet.