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H.264/MPEG-4 AVC

Index H.264/MPEG-4 AVC

H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard. [1]

141 relations: Adobe Flash Player, Advanced Television Systems Committee, Alpha compositing, Application-specific integrated circuit, Arbitrary slice ordering, Arris International, ATI Avivo, ATSC standards, ATSC-M/H, AV1, AVC-Intra, AVCHD, AWS Elemental, Blu-ray, Brendan Eich, Broadcasting, BSD licenses, Chips&Media, Chroma subsampling, Chrominance, CineAlta, Cisco Systems, Closed-circuit television, Codec, Color depth, Color space, Comparison of H.264 and VC-1, Consumer Electronics Show, Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding, Context-adaptive variable-length coding, Data-rate units, Deblocking filter, Digital single-lens reflex camera, Digital Video Broadcasting, Dirac (video compression format), Discrete cosine transform, DVB-C, DVB-S, DVB-S2, DVB-T, DVB-T2, DVD, Elecard, Entropy encoding, Exponential-Golomb coding, Field-programmable gate array, Flexible Macroblock Ordering, Frame rate, Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications, Free viewpoint television, ..., Gary Sullivan (engineer), H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2, H.263, Hadamard transform, HD DVD, HDV, High Efficiency Video Coding, High-definition television, Hybrid Log-Gamma, Imagination Technologies, Integrated Performance Primitives, Intel, Intel Core, Intel Quick Sync Video, Inter frame, Interlaced video, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Organization for Standardization, Internet Protocol, Intra-frame coding, IPTV, ISDB, ISO/IEC JTC 1, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29, ITU-T, ITunes Store, LEAD Technologies, Lossless compression, Lossy compression, Luma (video), Macroblock, MainConcept, Microsoft, Microsoft Silverlight, Monochrome, Moscow State University, Motion compensation, Motorola, Moving Picture Experts Group, Mozilla, MPEG LA, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, MPEG-4 Part 2, Multi-screen video, Multiview Video Coding, N. Ahmed, Nero Digital, Network Abstraction Layer, On2 Technologies, Open-source model, OpenH264, Panasonic, Patent, Patent pool, PictureTel Corp., ProCoder, Quarter-pixel motion, QuickTime, Real-time Transport Protocol, Rec. 2020, Residual frame, Ringing artifacts, Rowan Trollope, RWTH Aachen University, Sandy Bridge, Scalable Video Coding, Software patent, Sony, Stereoscopy, Syncword, Telephony, Telestream, Theora, Thomas Wiegand, Ultra-high-definition television, Variable-length code, Video Coding Experts Group, Video coding format, Vimeo, VLC media player, VP8, VP9, WebM, WHATWG, X264, XAVC, YouTube, 3D television, 4K resolution, 8K resolution. Expand index (91 more) »

Adobe Flash Player

Adobe Flash Player (labeled Shockwave Flash in Internet Explorer and Firefox) is freeware for using content created on the Adobe Flash platform, including viewing multimedia contents, executing rich Internet applications, and streaming audio and video.

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Advanced Television Systems Committee

The Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) is the group, established in 1982, that developed the eponymous ATSC standards for digital television in the United States.

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Alpha compositing

In computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency.

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Application-specific integrated circuit

An Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), is an integrated circuit (IC) customized for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use.

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Arbitrary slice ordering

Arbitrary slice ordering (ASO) is an algorithm for loss prevention.

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Arris International

Arris International Plc is a British telecommunications equipment manufacturing company incorporated in England and Wales that provides cable operators with data, video and telephony systems for homes and businesses.

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ATI Avivo

ATI Avivo is a set of hardware and low level software features present on the ATI Radeon R520 family of GPUs and all later ATI Radeon products.

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ATSC standards

Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) standards are a set of standards for digital television transmission over terrestrial, cable, and satellite networks.

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ATSC-M/H (Advanced Television Systems Committee - Mobile/Handheld) is a U.S. standard for mobile digital TV that allows TV broadcasts to be received by mobile devices.

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AOMedia Video 1 (AV1), is an open, royalty-free video coding format designed for video transmissions over the Internet.

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AVC-Intra is a type of video coding developed by Panasonic, and then supported in products made by other companies.

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AVCHD (Advanced Video Coding High Definition) is a file-based format for the digital recording and playback of high-definition video.

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AWS Elemental

AWS Elemental, formerly known as Elemental Technologies, is a software company headquartered in Portland, Oregon and owned by Amazon Web Services that specializes in providing multiscreen video solutions.

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Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.

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Brendan Eich

Brendan Eich (born July 4, 1961) is an American technologist and creator of the JavaScript programming language.

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Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.

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BSD licenses

BSD licenses are a family of permissive free software licenses, imposing minimal restrictions on the use and redistribution of covered software.

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Chips&Media, Inc., is a provider of intellectual property for integrated circuits (commonly called "chips") such as system on a chip technology for encoding and decoding video (video codecs), and Image Processing.

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Chroma subsampling

Chroma subsampling is the practice of encoding images by implementing less resolution for chroma information than for luma information, taking advantage of the human visual system's lower acuity for color differences than for luminance.

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Chrominance (chroma or C for short) is the signal used in video systems to convey the color information of the picture, separately from the accompanying luma signal (or Y for short).

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Sony's CineAlta 24P HD cameras are a series of professional digital video cameras that offer many of the same features of 35mm motion picture cameras.

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Cisco Systems

Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American multinational technology conglomerate headquartered in San Jose, California, in the center of Silicon Valley, that develops, manufactures and sells networking hardware, telecommunications equipment and other high-technology services and products.

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Closed-circuit television

Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.

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A codec is a device or computer program for encoding or decoding a digital data stream or signal.

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Color depth

Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.

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Color space

A color space is a specific organization of colors.

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Comparison of H.264 and VC-1

H.264 and VC-1 are popular video compression standards gaining use in the industry.

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Consumer Electronics Show

CES (formerly an acronym for Consumer Electronics Show but now the official name) is an annual trade show organized by the Consumer Technology Association.

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Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding

Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding (CABAC) is a form of entropy encoding used in the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC and High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standards.

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Context-adaptive variable-length coding

Context-adaptive variable-length coding (CAVLC) is a form of entropy coding used in H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video encoding.

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Data-rate units

In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.

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Deblocking filter

A deblocking filter is a video filter applied to decoded compressed video to improve visual quality and prediction performance by smoothing the sharp edges which can form between macroblocks when block coding techniques are used.

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Digital single-lens reflex camera

A digital single-lens reflex camera (also called digital SLR or DSLR) is a digital camera that combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor, as opposed to photographic film.

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Digital Video Broadcasting

Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of internationally open standards for digital television.

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Dirac (video compression format)

Dirac is an open and royalty-free video compression format, specification and system developed by BBC Research & Development.

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Discrete cosine transform

A discrete cosine transform (DCT) expresses a finite sequence of data points in terms of a sum of cosine functions oscillating at different frequencies.

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DVB-C stands for "Digital Video Broadcasting - Cable" and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital television over cable.

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Digital Video Broadcasting – Satellite (DVB-S) is the original DVB standard for Satellite Television and dates from 1995, in its first release, while development lasted from 1993 to 1997.

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Digital Video Broadcasting - Satellite - Second Generation (DVB-S2) is a digital television broadcast standard that has been designed as a successor for the popular DVB-S system.

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DVB-T is an abbreviation for "Digital Video Broadcasting — Terrestrial"; it is the DVB European-based consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television that was first published in 1997 and first broadcast in the UK in 1998.

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DVB-T2 is an abbreviation for "Digital Video Broadcasting — Second Generation Terrestrial"; it is the extension of the television standard DVB-T, issued by the consortium DVB, devised for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television.

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DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.

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Elecard is a technology company that provides software products for video and audio encoding, decoding, processing, receiving and transmission.

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Entropy encoding

In information theory an entropy encoding is a lossless data compression scheme that is independent of the specific characteristics of the medium.

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Exponential-Golomb coding

An exponential-Golomb code (or just Exp-Golomb code) is a type of universal code.

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Field-programmable gate array

A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit designed to be configured by a customer or a designer after manufacturing hence "field-programmable".

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Flexible Macroblock Ordering

Flexible Macroblock Ordering or FMO is one of several error resilience tools defined in the Baseline profile of the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video compression standard.

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Frame rate

Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.

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Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications

The Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications, Heinrich Hertz Institute, HHI, also known as Fraunhofer HHI or Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, is an organization of the Fraunhofer Society based in Berlin.

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Free viewpoint television

Free viewpoint television (FTV) is a system for viewing natural video, allowing the user to interactively control the viewpoint and generate new views of a dynamic scene from any 3D position.

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Gary Sullivan (engineer)

Gary Joseph Sullivan (born 1960) is an American electrical engineer who led the development of the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC and HEVC video coding standards and created the DirectX Video Acceleration (DXVA) API/DDI video decoding feature of the Microsoft Windows operating system.

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H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2

H.262 or MPEG-2 Part 2 (formally known as ITU-T Recommendation H.262 and ISO/IEC 13818-2, also known as MPEG-2 Video) is a video coding format developed and maintained jointly by ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) and ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).

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H.263 is a video compression standard originally designed as a low-bit-rate compressed format for videoconferencing.

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Hadamard transform

The Hadamard transform (also known as the Walsh–Hadamard transform, Hadamard–Rademacher–Walsh transform, Walsh transform, or Walsh–Fourier transform) is an example of a generalized class of Fourier transforms.

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HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc) is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.

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HDV is a format for recording of high-definition video on DV cassette tape.

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High Efficiency Video Coding

High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), also known as H.265 and MPEG-H Part 2, is a video compression standard, one of several potential successors to the widely used AVC (H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10).

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High-definition television

High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.

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Hybrid Log-Gamma

Hybrid Log-Gamma (HLG) is a high dynamic range (HDR) standard that was jointly developed by the BBC and NHK.

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Imagination Technologies

Imagination Technologies Group plc is a British-based technology company, focusing on semiconductor and related intellectual property licensing.

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Integrated Performance Primitives

Intel Integrated Performance Primitives (Intel IPP) is a multi-threaded software library of functions for multimedia and data processing applications, produced by Intel.

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Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.

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Intel Core

Intel Core is a line of mid-to-high end consumer, workstation, and enthusiast central processing units (CPU) marketed by Intel Corporation.

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Intel Quick Sync Video

Intel Quick Sync Video is Intel's brand for its dedicated video encoding and decoding hardware core.

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Inter frame

An inter frame is a frame in a video compression stream which is expressed in terms of one or more neighboring frames.

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Interlaced video

Interlaced video is a technique for doubling the perceived frame rate of a video display without consuming extra bandwidth.

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International Electrotechnical Commission

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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Internet Protocol

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.

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Intra-frame coding

Intra-frame coding is used in video coding (compression).

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Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.

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The Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) (Japanese:, Tōgō dejitaru hōsō sābisu) is a Japanese standard for digital television (DTV) and digital radio used by the country's radio and television networks.

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ISO/IEC JTC 1 is a joint technical committee of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).

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ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29 Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information is a standardization subcommittee of the Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), that develops and facilitates international standards, technical reports, and technical specifications within the field of audio, picture, multimedia, and hypermedia information coding.

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The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); it coordinates standards for telecommunications.

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ITunes Store

The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. It opened on April 28, 2003, and has been the largest music vendor in the United States since April 2008, and the largest music vendor in the world since February 2010.

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LEAD Technologies

LEAD Technologies Inc. is a privately held software company headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, USA.

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Lossless compression

Lossless compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.

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Lossy compression

In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.

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Luma (video)

In video, luma represents the brightness in an image (the "black-and-white" or achromatic portion of the image).

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Macroblock is a processing unit in image and video compression formats based on linear block transforms, such as the discrete cosine transform (DCT).

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MainConcept GmbH is a software company founded in Germany by Markus Moenig and Thomas Zabel.

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Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.

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Microsoft Silverlight

Microsoft Silverlight (or simply Silverlight) is a deprecated application framework for writing and running rich Internet applications, similar to Adobe Flash.

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Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.

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Moscow State University

Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU; Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia.

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Motion compensation

Motion compensation is an algorithmic technique used to predict a frame in a video, given the previous and/or future frames by accounting for motion of the camera and/or objects in the video.

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Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.

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Moving Picture Experts Group

The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.

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Mozilla (stylized as moz://a) is a free software community founded in 1998 by members of Netscape.

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MPEG LA, LLC is a firm based in Denver, Colorado that licenses patent pools covering essential patents required for use of the MPEG-2, MPEG-4 Visual (Part 2), IEEE 1394, VC-1, ATSC, MVC, MPEG-2 Systems, AVC/H.264 and HEVC standards.

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MPEG-2 (a.k.a. H.222/H.262 as defined by the ITU) is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information".

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MPEG-4 is a method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data.

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MPEG-4 Part 2

MPEG-4 Part 2, MPEG-4 Visual (formally ISO/IEC 14496-2) is a video compression format developed by MPEG.

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Multi-screen video

In the fields of broadcasting and content delivery, multiscreen video describes video content transformed into multiple formats, bit rates and resolutions for display on devices such as television, mobile phone, tablet computer and computer.

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Multiview Video Coding

Multiview Video Coding (MVC, also known as MVC 3D) is an stereoscopic video coding standard for video compression that allows for the efficient encoding of video sequences captured simultaneously from multiple camera angles in a single video stream.

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N. Ahmed

Nasir Ahmed (born 1940 in Bangalore, India) is a Professor Emeritus of Electrical and Computer and Engineering at University of New Mexico (UNM).

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Nero Digital

Nero Digital is a brand name applied to a suite of MPEG-4-compatible video and audio compression codecs developed by Nero AG of Germany and Ateme of France.

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Network Abstraction Layer

The Network Abstraction Layer (NAL) is a part of the H.264/AVC and HEVC video coding standards.

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On2 Technologies

On2 Technologies, formerly known as The Duck Corporation, was a small publicly traded company (on the American Stock Exchange), founded in New York City in 1992 and headquartered in Clifton Park, New York, that designed video codec technology.

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Open-source model

The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.

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OpenH264 is a free software library for real-time encoding and decoding video streams in the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC format.

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, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.

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A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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Patent pool

In patent law, a patent pool is a consortium of at least two companies agreeing to cross-license patents relating to a particular technology.

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PictureTel Corp.

PictureTel Corporation, often shortened to PictureTel Corp., was one of the first commercial videoconferencing product companies.

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ProCoder is video-encoding and transcoding software initially developed by the Canopus Corporation, now Thomson SA.

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Quarter-pixel motion

Quarter-pixel motion (also known as Q-pel motion or Qpel motion) refers to using a quarter of the distance between pixels (or luma sample positions) as the motion vector precision for motion estimation and motion compensation in video compression schemes.

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QuickTime is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, picture, sound, panoramic images, and interactivity.

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Real-time Transport Protocol

The Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) is a network protocol for delivering audio and video over IP networks.

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Rec. 2020

ITU-R Recommendation BT.2020, more commonly known by the abbreviations Rec. 2020 or BT.2020, defines various aspects of ultra-high-definition television (UHDTV) with standard dynamic range (SDR) and wide color gamut (WCG), including picture resolutions, frame rates with progressive scan, bit depths, color primaries, RGB and luma-chroma color representations, chroma subsamplings, and an opto-electronic transfer function.

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Residual frame

In video compression algorithms a residual frame is formed by subtracting the reference frame from the desired frame.

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Ringing artifacts

In signal processing, particularly digital image processing, ringing artifacts are artifacts that appear as spurious signals near sharp transitions in a signal.

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Rowan Trollope

Rowan Trollope, is a Canadian born, Silicon Valley businessman, investor, software engineer and autodidact.

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RWTH Aachen University

RWTH Aachen University or Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule AachenRWTH is the abbreviation of Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, which translates into "Rheinish-Westphalian Technical University".

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Sandy Bridge

Sandy Bridge is the codename for the microarchitecture used in the "second generation" of the Intel Core processors (Core i7, i5, i3) - the Sandy Bridge microarchitecture is the successor to Nehalem microarchitecture.

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Scalable Video Coding

Scalable Video Coding (SVC) is the name for the Annex G extension of the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video compression standard.

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Software patent

A software patent is a patent on a piece of software, such as a computer program, libraries, user interface, or algorithm.

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is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.

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Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.

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In computer networks, a syncword, sync character, sync sequence or preamble is used to synchronize a data transmission by indicating the end of header information and the start of data.

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Telephony is the field of technology involving the development, application, and deployment of telecommunication services for the purpose of electronic transmission of voice, fax, or data, between distant parties.

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Telestream, Inc. is an American privately held provider of software and hardware products for video capture, encoding, transcoding, and network-based delivery.

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Theora is a free lossy video compression format.

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Thomas Wiegand

Thomas Wiegand (born 6 May 1970 in Wismar) is a German electrical engineer who substantially contributed to the creation of the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC and H.265/MPEG-H HEVC video coding standards.

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Ultra-high-definition television

Ultra-high-definition television (also known as Ultra HD television, Ultra HD, UHDTV, UHD and Super Hi-Vision) today includes 4K UHD and 8K UHD, which are two digital video formats that were first proposed by NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories and later defined and approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

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Variable-length code

In coding theory a variable-length code is a code which maps source symbols to a variable number of bits.

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Video Coding Experts Group

The Video Coding Experts Group or Visual Coding Experts Group (VCEG, also known as Question 6) is a working group of the ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) concerned with video coding standards.

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Video coding format

A video coding format (or sometimes video compression format) is a content representation format for storage or transmission of digital video content (such as in a data file or bitstream).

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Vimeo is a video-sharing website in which users can upload, share and view videos.

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VLC media player

VLC media player (commonly known as VLC) is a free and open-source, portable, cross-platform media player and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project.

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VP8 is an open and royalty free video compression format owned by Google and created by On2 Technologies as a successor to VP7.

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VP9 is an open and royalty-free video coding format developed by Google.

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WebM is an audiovisual media file format.

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The Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG) is a community of people interested in evolving HTML and related technologies.

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x264 is a free and open-source software library and a command-line utility developed by VideoLAN for encoding video streams into the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC format.

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XAVC is a recording format that was introduced by Sony on October 30, 2012.

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YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.

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3D television

3D television (3DTV) is television that conveys depth perception to the viewer by employing techniques such as stereoscopic display, multi-view display, 2D-plus-depth, or any other form of 3D display.

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4K resolution

4K resolution, also called 4K, refers to a horizontal screen display resolution in the order of 4,000 pixels.

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8K resolution

8K resolution, or 8K UHD, is the current highest ultra high definition television (UHDTV) resolution in digital television and digital cinematography.

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10-bit H.264, AVC/H.264, AVC1, AVCBL, Advanced Video Coding, Avc codec, Avc1, CCITT H.264, Film Grain Modeling, Film grain modeling, H.264, H.264 AVC, H.264 level, H.264 levels, H.264/AVC, H.264/MPEG-4AVC, H.26L, H264, H26L, Hi10P, ISO/IEC 14496-10, ITU-T H.264, JVT, MPEG 4 AVC, MPEG-4 AVC, MPEG-4 AVC /H.264, MPEG-4 Layer 10, MPEG-4 Part 10, MPEG-4 part 10, MPEG-4/H.264, PSP video, PSP video codec, PicAFF, Picture order count, Psp codec, Psp encoder.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H.264/MPEG-4_AVC

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