103 relations: Alan Turing, Analytic philosophy, Anthony Blunt, Applications of artificial intelligence to legal informatics, Aristotelian Society, Barrister, Barry Nicholas, Basic norm, Bernard Floud, Blenheim Palace, Bletchley Park, Bradford Grammar School, Brasenose College, Oxford, Brian Barry, Carlin Romano, Cheltenham College, Chin Liew Ten, Communist Party of Great Britain, Dick White, Douglas Jay, Duke of Marlborough (title), East End of London, Empiricism, Fellow of the British Academy, Festschrift, Gilbert Ryle, Glanville Williams, Hans Kelsen, Harrogate, Hart–Dworkin debate, Hart–Fuller debate, Harvard Law Review, Interpretivism (legal), Isaiah Berlin, J. L. Austin, Jenifer Hart, Jeremy Bentham, Jews, John Austin (legal philosopher), John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, John Finnis, John Gardner (legal philosopher), John O'London's Weekly, John Rawls, Joseph Raz, Jurisprudence, Karen Armstrong, Law's Empire, Legal positivism, Linguistic philosophy, ..., List of Brasenose College, Oxford people, List of national legal systems, Literae Humaniores, Lon L. Fuller, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Margaret Thatcher, Matthew Kramer, Max Weber, MI5, Middle Temple, Mind–body problem, Mojo Mathers, Natural law, Neil MacCormick, New College, Oxford, Nicola Lacey, Noel Frederick Hall, Normative, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Patrick Devlin, Baron Devlin, Peter Hacker, Peter Wright, Philosophy of law, Political philosophy, Professor of Jurisprudence (Oxford), Pure Theory of Law, R. Kent Greenawalt, Richard Wilberforce, Baron Wilberforce, Ronald Dworkin, Routledge, Rule of recognition, Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, Secret Intelligence Service, St Anne's College, Oxford, Stanford University, Stuart Hampshire, Taking Rights Seriously, The Chronicle of Higher Education, The Concept of Law, The Daily Telegraph, Tony Honoré, Ultra, Ultra high-net-worth individual, University College, Oxford, University of Oxford, Utilitarianism, Western philosophy, William Twining, Winston Churchill, Wolfenden report, World War II, 20th-century philosophy. Expand index (53 more) » « Shrink index
Alan Mathison Turing (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist.
Analytic philosophy (sometimes analytical philosophy) is a style of philosophy that became dominant in the Western world at the beginning of the 20th century.
Anthony Frederick Blunt (26 September 1907 – 26 March 1983), known as Sir Anthony Blunt, KCVO, from 1956 to 1979, was a leading British art historian who in 1964, after being offered immunity from prosecution, confessed to having been a Soviet spy.
Artificial intelligence and law (AI and law) is a subfield of artificial intelligence (AI) mainly concerned with applications of AI to legal informatics problems and original research on those problems.
The Aristotelian Society for the Systematic Study of Philosophy, more generally known as the Aristotelian Society, was founded at a meeting on 19 April 1880, at 17 Bloomsbury Square.
A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions.
John Keiran Barry Moylan Nicholas (1919 - 2002) was a British legal scholar.
Basic norm (Grundnorm) is a concept in the Pure Theory of Law created by Hans Kelsen, a jurist and legal philosopher.
Bernard Francis Castle Floud (22 March 1915 – 10 October 1967) was a British farmer, television company executive and politician.
Blenheim Palace (pronounced) is a monumental English country house situated in the civil parish of Blenheim near Woodstock, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom.
Bletchley Park was the central site for British (and subsequently, Allied) codebreakers during World War II.
Bradford Grammar School (BGS) is a co-educational, independent school in Frizinghall, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.
Brasenose College (BNC), officially The King's Hall and College of Brasenose, is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Brian Barry FBA (13 January 1936 – 10 March 2009) was a moral and political philosopher.
Carlin Romano is an American writer and educator.
Cheltenham College is a co-educational independent school, located in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England.
Chin Liew Ten (C.L. Ten), FAHA FASSA is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy and former Head of the Philosophy Department at the National University of Singapore.
The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was a British communist party which was the largest communist party in Great Britain, although it never became a mass party like those in France and Italy.
Sir Dick Goldsmith White, (20 December 1906 – 21 February 1993) was a British intelligence officer.
Douglas Patrick Thomas Jay, Baron Jay, PC (23 March 1907 – 6 March 1996) was a British Labour Party politician.
The Duke of Marlborough is a title in the Peerage of England.
The East End of London, usually called the East End, is the historic core of wider East London, east of the Roman and medieval walls of the City of London, and north of the River Thames.
In philosophy, empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience.
Fellowship of the British Academy (FBA) is an award granted by the British Academy to leading academics for their distinction in the humanities and social sciences.
In academia, a Festschrift (plural, Festschriften) is a book honoring a respected person, especially an academic, and presented during their lifetime.
Gilbert Ryle (19 August 1900 – 6 October 1976) was a British philosopher.
Glanville Llewelyn Williams QC, FBA (15 February 1911 – 10 April 1997) was a Welsh legal scholar who was the Rouse Ball Professor of English Law at the University of Cambridge from 1968 to 1978 and the Quain Professor of Jurisprudence at University College London from 1945 to 1955.
Hans Kelsen (October 11, 1881 – April 19, 1973) was an Austrian jurist, legal philosopher and political philosopher.
Harrogate is a spa town in North Yorkshire, England.
The Hart–Dworkin debate is a debate in legal philosophy between H. L. A. Hart and Ronald Dworkin.
The Hart–Fuller debate is an exchange between Lon Fuller and H. L. A. Hart published in the Harvard Law Review in 1958 on morality and law, which demonstrated the divide between the positivist and natural law philosophy.
The Harvard Law Review is a law review published by an independent student group at Harvard Law School.
Interpretivism is a school of thought in contemporary jurisprudence and the philosophy of law.
Sir Isaiah Berlin (6 June 1909 – 5 November 1997) was a Russian-British social and political theorist, philosopher and historian of ideas.
John Langshaw "J.
Jenifer Hart, née Jenifer Margaret Fischer Williams (31 January 1914 – 19 March 2005), was an English academic and senior civil servant.
Jeremy Bentham (15 February 1748 – 6 June 1832) was an English philosopher, jurist, and social reformer regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
John Austin (3 March 1790 – 1 December 1859) was a noted English legal theorist who strongly influenced British and American law with his analytical approach to jurisprudence and his theory of legal positivism.
General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, 1st Prince of Mindelheim, 1st Count of Nellenburg, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, (26 May 1650 – 16 June 1722 O.S.) was an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs.
John Mitchell Finnis (born 28 July 1940) is an Australian legal philosopher, jurist and scholar specializing in jurisprudence and the philosophy of law.
John Gardner FBA (born 23 March 1965) is a Scottish legal philosopher.
John O'London's Weekly was a weekly literary magazine that was published by George Newnes Ltd of London between 1919 and 1954.
John Bordley Rawls (February 21, 1921 – November 24, 2002) was an American moral and political philosopher in the liberal tradition.
Joseph Raz (יוסף רז; born 21 March 1939) is an Israeli legal, moral and political philosopher.
Jurisprudence or legal theory is the theoretical study of law, principally by philosophers but, from the twentieth century, also by social scientists.
Karen Armstrong, (born 14 November 1944) is a British author and commentator of Irish Catholic descent known for her books on comparative religion.
Law's Empire is a 1986 text in legal philosophy by the late Oxford scholar Ronald Dworkin which continues his criticism of the philosophy of legal positivism as promoted by H.L.A. Hart during the middle to late 20th century.
Legal positivism is a school of thought of analytical jurisprudence, largely developed by eighteenth- and nineteenth-century legal thinkers such as Jeremy Bentham and John Austin.
Linguistic philosophy is the view that philosophical problems are problems which may be solved (or dissolved) either by reforming language, or by understanding more about the language we presently use.
A list of notable people associated with Brasenose College, Oxford.
The contemporary legal systems of the world are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these.
Literae Humaniores is the name given to an undergraduate course focused on Classics (Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Latin, ancient Greek and philosophy) at the University of Oxford and some other universities.
Lon Luvois Fuller (June 15, 1902 – April 8, 1978) was a noted legal philosopher, who criticized legal positivism and defended a secular and procedural form of natural law theory.
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Matthew Kramer FBA (born 9 June 1959) is an American philosopher, currently Professor of Legal and Political Philosophy at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge.
Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist.
The Security Service, also MI5 (Military Intelligence, Section 5), is the United Kingdom's domestic counter-intelligence and security agency and is part of its intelligence machinery alongside the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) and Defence Intelligence (DI).
The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, commonly known simply as Middle Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court exclusively entitled to call their members to the English Bar as barristers, the others being the Inner Temple, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn.
The mind–body problem is a philosophical problem concerning the relationship between the human mind and body, although it can also concern animal minds, if any, and animal bodies.
Mojo Celeste Mathers (née Minrod, born 23 November 1966) is a New Zealand politician and a former member of the New Zealand House of Representatives.
Natural law (ius naturale, lex naturalis) is a philosophy asserting that certain rights are inherent by virtue of human nature, endowed by nature—traditionally by God or a transcendent source—and that these can be understood universally through human reason.
Sir Donald Neil MacCormick (27 May 1941 – 5 April 2009) was a Scottish legal philosopher and politician.
New College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Nicola Mary Lacey, (born 3 February 1958) is a British legal scholar who specialises in criminal law.
Noel Frederick Hall (1902–1983) was an economist and academic who was one of Britain's earliest post-war specialists in business theory and education.
Normative generally means relating to an evaluative standard.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Patrick Arthur Devlin, Baron Devlin, PC (25 November 1905 – 9 August 1992) was a British judge who served as a Law Lord.
Peter Michael Stephan Hacker (born 15 July 1939) is a British philosopher.
Peter Maurice Wright (9 August 191627 April 1995) was the principal scientific officer for MI5, the British counter-intelligence agency.
Philosophy of law is a branch of philosophy and jurisprudence that seeks to answer basic questions about law and legal systems, such as "What is law?", "What are the criteria for legal validity?", "What is the relationship between law and morality?", and many other similar questions.
Political philosophy, or political theory, is the study of topics such as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever.
The position of Professor of Jurisprudence (originally the Corpus Professor of Jurisprudence) at the University of Oxford, England, was created in 1869.
Pure Theory of Law (Reine Rechtslehre) is a book by legal theorist Hans Kelsen, first published in 1934 and in a greatly expanded "second edition" (effectively a new book) in 1960.
Richard Orme Wilberforce, Baron Wilberforce (11 March 1907 – 15 February 2003), was a British judge, most notable for his report into coal miners' pay.
Ronald Myles Dworkin, FBA (December 11, 1931 – February 14, 2013) was an American philosopher, jurist, and scholar of United States constitutional law.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
A central part of H.L.A. Hart's theory on legal positivism, in any legal system, the rule of recognition is a master meta-rule underlying any legal system that defines the common identifying test for legal validity (or "what counts as law") within that system.
Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (née Jenyns, spelt Jennings in most modern references; 5 June 1660 (Old Style) – 18 October 1744) rose to be one of the most influential women of her time through her close friendship with Queen Anne of Great Britain.
The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6, is the foreign intelligence service of the government of the United Kingdom, tasked mainly with the covert overseas collection and analysis of human intelligence (HUMINT) in support of the UK's national security.
St Anne's College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Sir Stuart Newton Hampshire (1 October 1914 – 13 June 2004) was an Oxford University philosopher, literary critic and university administrator.
Taking Rights Seriously is a 1977 book about the philosophy of law by Ronald Dworkin.
The Chronicle of Higher Education is a newspaper and website that presents news, information, and jobs for college and university faculty and Student Affairs professionals (staff members and administrators).
The Concept of Law is the most famous work of the legal philosopher H. L. A. Hart.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
Anthony Maurice (Tony) Honoré (born 30 March 1921) is a British lawyer and jurist, known for his work on ownership, causation and Roman law.
Ultra was the designation adopted by British military intelligence in June 1941 for wartime signals intelligence obtained by breaking high-level encrypted enemy radio and teleprinter communications at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.
Ultra high-net-worth individuals (UHNWI) are defined as having a net worth of at least US$30 million in constant 2018 dollars.
University College (in full The Master and Fellows of the College of the Great Hall of the University of Oxford,Darwall-Smith, Robin, A History of University College, Oxford. Oxford University Press, 2008.. colloquially referred to as "Univ"), is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility.
Western philosophy is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.
William Lawrence Twining, FBA (born 22 September 1934) is the Emeritus Quain Professor of Jurisprudence at University College London.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The Report of the Departmental Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution (better known as the Wolfenden report, after Sir John Wolfenden, the chairman of the committee) was published in the United Kingdom on 4 September 1957 after a succession of well-known men, including Lord Montagu of Beaulieu, Michael Pitt-Rivers, and Peter Wildeblood, were convicted of homosexual offences.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
20th-century philosophy saw the development of a number of new philosophical schools—including logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and poststructuralism.