17 relations: CCL5, CCR5, CD4, Cell (biology), Cell type, Chemokine, CXCR4, Envelope glycoprotein GP120, HIV, Ligand, Macrophage, Macrophage inflammatory protein, Stromal cell-derived factor 1, Syncytium, T helper cell, Tissue tropism, Trofile assay.
Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (also CCL5) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CCL5 gene.
C-C chemokine receptor type 5, also known as CCR5 or CD195, is a protein on the surface of white blood cells that is involved in the immune system as it acts as a receptor for chemokines.
In molecular biology, CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4) is a glycoprotein found on the surface of immune cells such as T helper cells, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
A cell type is a classification used to distinguish between morphologically or phenotypically distinct cell forms within a species.
Chemokines (Greek -kinos, movement) are a family of small cytokines, or signaling proteins secreted by cells.
C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR-4) also known as fusin or CD184 (cluster of differentiation 184) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CXCR4 gene.
Envelope glycoprotein GP120 (or gp120) is a glycoprotein exposed on the surface of the HIV envelope.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.
Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).
Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins (MIP) belong to the family of chemotactic cytokines known as chemokines.
The stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1), also known as C-X-C motif chemokine 12 (CXCL12), is a chemokine protein that in humans is encoded by the CXCL12 gene on chromosome 10.
A syncytium or symplasm (plural syncytia; from Greek: σύν (syn).
The T helper cells (Th cells) are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system.
Tissue tropism is the cells and tissues of a host that support growth of a particular virus or bacterium.
The Trofile assay is a blood test that identifies the tropism of a patient's HIV.