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HMS Berwick (F115)

Index HMS Berwick (F115)

HMS Berwick was a ''Rothesay'' or Type 12I class anti-submarine frigate of the British Royal Navy. [1]

21 relations: Anti-submarine warfare, Beira Patrol, David Dunbar-Nasmith, Fleet review (Commonwealth realms), Frigate, Harland and Wolff, HMS Plymouth (F126), HMS Rothesay (F107), HMS Tireless (S88), John Tolhurst, Pennant number, Rhodesia, Richard Fitch, Rothesay-class frigate, Royal Navy, Silver jubilee, Target ship, Tigerfish (torpedo), United Kingdom, Zimbabwe, 8th Frigate Squadron (United Kingdom).

Anti-submarine warfare

Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, or other submarines to find, track and deter, damage, or destroy enemy submarines.

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Beira Patrol

The Beira Patrol was a blockade of oil shipments to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) through Beira, Mozambique, resulting from United Nations trade sanctions on Rhodesia.

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David Dunbar-Nasmith

Rear Admiral David Arthur Dunbar-Nasmith (21 February 1921 – 15 September 1997) was a former Royal Navy officer who became Naval Secretary.

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Fleet review (Commonwealth realms)

A fleet review is a traditional gathering of ships from a particular navy to be observed by the reigning monarch or his or her representative, a practice allegedly dating back to the 15th century.

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Frigate

A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.

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Harland and Wolff

Harland & Wolff Heavy Industries is a heavy industrial company, specialising in ship repair, conversion, and offshore construction, located in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

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HMS Plymouth (F126)

HMS Plymouth was a Royal Navy.

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HMS Rothesay (F107)

HMS Rothesay was the lead ship of the ''Rothesay'' or Type 12M class of anti-submarine frigates of the British Royal Navy.

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HMS Tireless (S88)

HMS Tireless was the third nuclear submarine of the Royal Navy.

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John Tolhurst

Rear Admiral John Gordon Tolhurst CB (born 22 April 1943) is a former Royal Navy officer who became Flag Officer Scotland, Northern England and Northern Ireland.

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Pennant number

In the Royal Navy and other navies of Europe and the Commonwealth of Nations, ships are identified by pennant number (an internationalisation of pendant number, which it was called before 1948).

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Rhodesia

Rhodesia was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.

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Richard Fitch

Admiral Sir Richard ('Dick') George Alison Fitch KCB (2 June 1929 – 15 February 1994) is a senior Royal Navy officer who went on to be Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel.

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Rothesay-class frigate

The Rothesay class, or Type 12M frigates were a class of frigates serving with the Royal Navy, South African Navy (where they were called President-class frigates) and the Royal New Zealand Navy.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Silver jubilee

Silver jubilee is a celebration held to mark a 25th anniversary.

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Target ship

A target ship is a vessel — typically an obsolete or captured warship — used as a seaborne target for naval gunnery practice or for weapons testing.

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Tigerfish (torpedo)

The Mk 24 Tigerfish torpedo was a heavyweight acoustic homing torpedo used by the Royal Navy (RN) for several years.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.

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8th Frigate Squadron (United Kingdom)

The 8th Frigate Squadron was an administrative unit of the Royal Navy from 1973 to 1993.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Berwick_(F115)

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